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.^•^a-;/:r. ■■■ 



e. 23 


" D,p,i^=<M,Goo(^lc 




"t n t 

C O N S TI T U T I O N At 

Hiftory of England, 

Frqin th? ea^Kcft Ti^eSi 

T O T H E 

Reftoratiqn of King Charles II^ 

fOL^ECIfED ■' 

prom the Recoeds, the RotLs of Parliament, the Journals 
of- both ^oufes, the Public LiBRAKiBs, Ongnal Manu- 
scripts, {carcc Speeches, and TiB^ACTS; all compared with 
the feveral Contemporary Writers,' and conlicfted, through- 
out with the Hiftory of the Times, 





From the battle i^A'o/i^, in7«wi64j, toy*.^ 1,1646. 


printed for J.and R. ToNsoN, and A. Millar, inthff 
Strand i and W. Sahiibv, in Flttt-flrett^ 


r..„ .,Gt)t)gle 




IN the Coiirfe of the following Volumes the 
Reader wttr find a very minute and circumAanti- 
•sl Account of many Debates in Parliament upon 
the taod interefting Topics* and feveral Papers 
of ImpoitaiKC, hitheito, in a gzeat Mes^ore, con- 
cealed from <he^otioe of the Public : Some Ac^ 
count, therefore, of ^e Authorities' from whenctt 
tlicy^ire derived caraiot -fai: improper. 

I N order to this it k neceflary to premile, 

. tiiat, during the CiviP W4r6, artd more particular- 
ly aftw the Anny began to- give Law to the Par- 
liament who had railed diem, there was publifhed 

' a vaft Variety of yottmals, Diaries^ &c, ibme 
weekly, fomeoftner;: To ^e aCatalogue (rf" il^ 
thefe would be endlefs ; we (hall therefore only 
mention (he principd : And firft, » Pamphlet 

' cairdTiSf Moderate Inteligencer, imparti- 
glfy communicating Martfai Affairs to t^s Kh^^ 
Jam of England fa). This Journal feems' tp 

• have been puWiftjed under the Dtredtioni ^f th« 

t') '^inWd for «, Lifixaiu, u BOmtfKlB-Pr-t, lv4l^ 

■ VoL.Xiy, ' aa ■ " ' '' Arm/ 


Atniy alone, and was licenfed by GU&ert Mabboii 
ippointed to thai' Office by tRe Parliament, upori 
the Recommendation of Lord Fairfax^ and his 
. General Council of Officers, From hence feveral 
Lcttcrsj and valuable J**pcrs •£ State, ai* eltaftly; 
copied into Mr. Rujhwortb's GolleSiions and Mr; 
Wbithck's Memorials. 

. "THE next is intituied Msrcurius PitAi-, 

MATjcus* ctm/aunicating Lttelligence from ail 

.. Parts ytoue&ing all Affairs, D^gttJ, HUmoursy and 

Conditions throughout the Kf'ngdam $ efpecialiy 

.from Wcitminfter and (be Head friers fbj. This 

, Auth9r. enters more particularly into the TranP 

aftions of ParUament ;th9ii any other Jata^al^. i 

fori\e not only gives a very exadt Detail of their' 

Votes and Refdlutions,' and tho re%e<^ive Qivi~ 

fions thereupon j but alfo, ' with a futprizilig 

. Boldnefs for the Times, fupplies us with Minute* 

• of tjjcir Debates, in fuch a.Manneras to render at 

, highly probable he muA have had his InformatioA 

' fromfonae of the Members them (elves. , And as? 

, we find, upon cmnparing his Najxadve with t^e 

. *)^oumtf/r of both Houfes, it coincides exaiSly with 

thofe Audioritics as to t^e feveral Votes and Divji-i- 

. iions^ ^crecanbe Iktleorno.Reafon todoubtthtf 

Veracity of it in regard to the Debates themfdves j 

' -and the rather, fince the Ai^gumerits, attributed 

X<a the relpedive Members, correfpond with their' 

(fi Tlui jMriWbMiMt'lbcNaKdof the PnatV4« PMbliibcr,' . r 

■ ■ ■ ■ ^^e^er^I 


•Whfiraf C?karacters and Cofi^ud: as giverf ty dttief 
'Hiftorians. Lord Clarendon Has taken great Pari 
'bf hts Account bf the Debates in PSrIiamfint from 
'this Writer i arid; in feveral Iriftaiices, inTef minis* 

i* H E l^tt^ of thtffe two Journalip 3.ppzzti icf 

have retainfed as mach on the Part of the King, arf 
■ the fdrmer for the Parliament ind the Army. 
■Both of them liating, accordingly,, fhrowfi thei/ 

RefleCliorts in favour 6f their refpedive Patronsy 
-^e hai^, ihouf (isolations from them; confined 

burfelves rneerly to the FatSS they rdat'e* ftripp'(J 
, of fuch farcaftical Exprefiions as ferve ne otheK 
'Pifrfofe tKa;h to fhcw the Attachment of the Au-* 

ttiors to the Parties they Had; reQjfifaively* efpeufcdrf 

BESIDES thefc; artd tfrt infinitfi NiimW 

bf other Pamphlets aiid prifitdd Papers of thtf 

'rimes, the Reader will find, digdfted in'tKeii* 

J)roper Series, a large Colleiaion of Letters, Re-f 

ino'nftrarfces'y .Declarations, (^c. p'refented id toth 

' Houfes, on various Occafions; by the Scofs Coni-' 

" tiiiflioner* refiding in London j aiid, particularlyy, 

touching the King's dirowing himfelf into tH# 

, Hands of their Army Airing the Siege of Newark jf 

- «heir delivering him op afterwardi to thd Commif- 

■ fioTl^ff appoiftted by the-ParHament of , EngUitd to" 

receive him ; and their Proteftation^ in the Name. 

6f the ^whole Kingdom of Scotland, addrefs'd to 

ih^ Speiber of theHoufc of Commoni in Januaiy 

Vol. XIV- a j ,64,^^ 


1648, againft bringing his Majcfty to a Tria^ 

and taking away his Life. All thefe Papers 

may, by fome, be thought very tedious ; but, as 
they give great Light into the fucceeding Tranf- 
aftions, and are no virhere to be mpt with intirc 
but in the Lords Journals^ or in the ieparate Edi- 
tions printed at the refpeftive Times, by Diredion 
of the Scots Commiflioners themfclves> it is but 
Jiiftice to that Nation, and to Truth, to infcrt 
them at large ; which is the more, ncccilary, be- 
caufe moft of them are either entirely omitted, 
or flightly pafled over, by Mr. Rujbw^tb. 

W E have now brought our Hiftory down to 
that intercfting Crifis, when Monarchy was abo- 
■ liflied ; the Houfe of Peers turned out of Doors j 
their very Records fcizedon by the Cc^nmonsj 
and the latter voted themfelvcs to be , the Sol* 
Legiilative Power of the Nation. 

OUR Nineteenth Volume will begin with 
the Out-Lines of the fncceeding Commoowcalth : 
Amongft other Materials of lefs Import, this Part 
df the Work will receive great Advantage from a 
printed Journal^ lately fallen into our Hands,, 
intituled. Severed Proceedings in Parliamentt licen- 
fed by their Clerk, Henry SCobell^ Ef<^ and puli- 
lifhed weekly. 

■' ' ' ., FRok 


[ vii] 

FROM this lail Authority, and the Editi- 
ons of the moft remarkable Votes and Refoluti- 
ons, printed at the refpeftive Times of pafling 
them, we (hall be enabled to reftore many im- 
portant PaiTagesy which, upon the Re-admiflion 
of the Members that had been fecludcd by the 
Army in December 1648, were expunged out of 
the Original Journal, in February and March 
1659, by their Order ; which Event, foon after, 
made Way for the Reftitution of Monarchy and 
the anticnt Conftitution of this Kingdom. 

a 4. 




Parliamentary HISTORY 



IE concluded our lafl Volume witk An. ^i Car. I. 
an Aqcbunt of the King's owit ifi4;- 
Catnnet ofLeners being taken at ■— — 1|— ' 
the Battle of Nafthj, by Sir n*- J"'''- 
ma! Fairfax j and the Rtfolubom 
of both Houfcs for appointing a xhePailiiment'* 
joint Committee to dire£t the Obftrvadom on ■ 
printing and publiftitng the moft material of them, *•" ^'t^'^'* 
^ith Ofifervationi thereupon. The Report from Mafebv, 
the faid Committee was made, on the third of 
fufy, by the Earl oi Narthumberland, to the Lords ; 
to which it may not be improper to fubjoin the 
Paflages in the King's Letter to the Qneen, on - 
which thefe AnimadverTions are grounded. 

I. * That the King endeavours to overthro'w 

* the Act of Parliament, and his public Declara- 

* fions of acknowledging this Parliament at the 
« Treaty^ by an A£t of Council at Oxford^ and a;i 

* Entry upon the Council-Boo(t. 

a, * That his Owning of the Parliament wa?- 

* only to draw on the Treaty^ fey which we hoped 

Vol. XIV. A . ^ • for 


t Tife Farllafiiefiiary History 

M- 71 Cu. I* (oT Advantage, without any Intention to ackqow* 

^__ ''*i- ledge it in Deed. 

July, 3. ' Thiat the JCing would never have acjcnowr 

■- ' f ledged the Parliament, if he had had but twQ 

f Men tp haye ftuclc to him in denying it ; himfelf 

* being inore ready to deftroy the Parhamcnt, anB 
f more violently bent againft it, than his vpry Ofr 
f Jtrd Council, 

4. ' That the Kingdoms and Parliaments could 
f hardly expeft, but with gyeat difficulty, to have 

* Affurance to reft upon any thing that the King 

* declares, when his puhlk Deckratians are thus 
f uodennitied by privalf 4^s atfd RtgifteTs. 

(N" 15. (a) ) Oxford, Jan.-i, 1644. 

j/f ^r my calling thtfe af London a Pariitmunt^ 
J JbaU refer thee to Digby far particular Sattifac- 
tion : Thtf in general. If there had been but ttvitt ^'- 
^des myfelf-, of my Opinianj I had not done it j and 
the Argument that prevailed with me Was, That the 
Calling did no. way acinewledgf them to be a Par- 
liament ; upon which Condition and Cati/iri>£lian I 
did it, and no otherwi/e, and accordingly it is re- 
gi/ler d in the Councii- Beaks, with the CounciFs uija-r 
"ytimous Approbation ; hut tbau wilt find that it wa^ 
hy Misfiirtune, not Negleit, 'that thou hajl been no 
fiontr aaxertifed of it. 

5. i That ,the King endi;avours to bring in a 

* foreigp prince of the Remijh Religion, with an 

* Army of Strangers, to invade this Kingdom^ 
f which the King and his Party hath folemnly pro- 

* tefled never to do. 

■ ■ " ■ 6. ^That 

(a) T|ie Mxiraa, arc taltep from the VHai's Lclicrt »t 1>^, 
whith were publHhed by fh"< fpKul Order of 9ui\tintnt, under ib^ 
,Tiile of Tht Kini'i Cakiart tpmU \ tr ttrtain TAci'oi (f furit 
Xtlltr, andFafm, ^ritUB y.-Ub flic Kigj^t tiam Hand, and lain 
ia bh Cabhti at Nafp by Field, June'M, i64S,'*» v'ia«riMt Sir 
thomai Fiirlii ; taibcein 7<-aPy Mypiriii ^ Siatt, taidirg U ibf 
J^ipatiin of lUt Couji, '/.r ■a.-tlih Sir Thoi" F»irf« j«,M . 
^attk ibai'mtmerdbli ()ay, are cUurly iaid uptn i iigtthir iiiilb >«» 
'J — -,(,-,„ tbiratfn. We find, upon CoiHp»rfc>ri, that ihey agtep 
iW WtH tUf Cojnej thereof gi«n in JJ^flrt'iEiilionof the 

H'erkSi and Ihe Numben, prefixed to \fyt^ BxlraSi, left^ . 

Order in whict tfaey Hand lliercin. 





* 6. * That the King and Q^een cxpeA Affift- Ak. isCh, i. 
' anoe In this Bufinefs, l^ Shipping, from thcPrince , ''*i' 

* ftfOroH^fifrom whom, being a rroteibiltPrincej 

* wc had Reafon to hopt better. 

(N* 32.) Oxford, March 30, 1645. 

/ iBK/7 again tiU thti, that tiu/i affkrtdif France 
wiU bt the htji Way far TranffvrtaUm tf tbt Duie 
gf Lorrain's Army, thert hting £vers fit ami fafe 
Plaui of laniUngftr than i^n tht Weftem Caaftt, 
,iejides tit Parti uaJtr Mj Obedimcei ai Selfey near 
ChichsftA, and others, rf which I will aavertifi 
tbte vihtn the TiiHe tmes, 

(N» 26,) .Oxford, Feb. 19, 1645. 

Dear Heart, / eaititst yet fmi thee m/ artain 
Ward concerning the Iffiie of our Treaty ; only tht 
tmreafonahle Stubbomnefs of the Rebels gihes daily 
Ufs and Ufs Hapes of any Accommodation this Way % 
vAerefire I hope no Rjimoars fiall hinder thet from 
hqftemng all thou mayfly all peffsbU A/^nce ta tile, 
and particnlarfy that of the Duie of Lorrain's ; con- 
^eTniitg vjhich I reetived, Tejltrday-, gtod News from 
Br.GoWt, that the Prince of Orange viill furmfi 
Shipping^ hir'Pranfportation ; and that At refl of 
bis Negotiation goes bopefuUy on, 

7. * TTiat the Embargo of the Merchant Shipi 
*' ii a fpecial Fruit cf the Queen's Negotiation 
•■ there, who ufcth Mean? to bring Enemies upon' 
*■ us, and to take Trade and Commerce from us. 

8. * That the King will make no Peace but' 

* fucb a ohe as fliall invite the Queen's Retunj, 

* with whom he hath concluded private Ground;- 
*' and Ihftrudtions, which he will nta- 
» nJ^ all Treaties. 

(N" 26.) Oxford, Feb. 19, 1645. 

Sabran' (A) yen/ me Word Tejlerday, bf/idts fame 
Con^limtntj, of the Embargo of the ■ Rebels Ships ' 
iV France, (which I likewife put upon tiry Scare of 
Kindnefs) but is well enough content that the Portu- 
gal ^ould be chfirged with thy Difpatches. As for 
tracing the Rebels, either by going ta London or 
A 2 dijkanding 

^. '^ (f } Tttc Fmrci ReUcnt in ff^inii/. 


4 ^ Parliatrifntary History 

*"' V ^"'^ £J^iding Tny Army bifore a Peace, da no ffaysfiaf- 
. ' **' ) my hazarding fa cheaply or feoli^ly ; fsr I efteem the 
Jtt'r- Interejl thou haji in me at Jar dearer Rate, and pre- 

tend to have a Utile mare Wit {at leaft by the Sympa- 
thy that is betwixt us) than to put myfelf into tht 
Reviretue vf perjidious Rebels. 

(N» 24.) Oxford, Feb. 15, 1644. 

/ ajfure thee that thou needp not doubt the Ijfia 
tf this Treaty j for my Ge?nmiffiontrs are fo well 
chofen (though I Jay it) that they will neither it 
threatened nor 'dtjputed from the Grounds I have 
given them ; whiih, upon my JVord^ it according t» 
the little Note thou fi well remembers. And in this 
iwt only their ObeStnce hii their Judgirftiits concur. 

' ■ g, • TTiat he will be conftant to the Bifiiops 
* and his Friends, and not admjt pf P«i7» without 
f putting a Oiort Period to this perpetual Parlia- 
f ment. 

(N*? iS.) Oxford, Jan. 9, 1644. 

ViefettHng cf Religion and the Militia ere the 
firfl to be treated en ; and be confident, that / will 
•neither quit Epifiopacy nor that Sword whi^ God 
fiath given into my Hands, , 

(N" 2+.^ Oxford, Feb, 15, i(J4+. 

Thiere is little or no Appearance but that this Sum- 
rner will be the hottejl for War of any that hath heeit 
yet i and be confident that, in mating Peace, I fhelL 
-ever /hew my Co^flaney in adhering to Bijhops and all ■ 
our Friends, and not forget to put a Jhort Period to 
t^is perpetual Parliament, But, as thou loves me, let 
none perfuade thee to flacien thine Affijlance for him 
who is eternally thine. C. R. 

10. * That the King intends to take away all 
f penal Laws againA the Papifts in England, by 
5 the Arms and AtEAsnce of Papifti, and in their 
J Favour. 

II.* That the fame Power that may take away 
I tdefe Laws, may take away alt other Laws; and 
J fo, byForce, fubjea both Rdigion and Liberty 


^ E N G L A N d. j 

* tbthe Will and'Pleafure of dicKing and i£«jR<» AB.slCu.r. 

* CatholUi. ^ ■ . "*?• . 

(NO 28.) Oxford, March 5, 1644. . 

It being Prefumpthn, and nfit Piety, fo to tfuft ta 

h good Catifff as. not to ufe all lawful Meam to main- 
tain it, J have thought of ane Mtatfs more to fumijh 
thee with for my Affyiancef than hitherto thou ba/i 
had : It is, that I give thee Pfwer to promife, in m 
Kame, to whom thou thinieji nuft fit, that I vnk 
take away all the Penal Laws egainji the Rofnan Ca- 
tholics in England, as fion as God /hall maieme ahlt 
to do it ; fo as by their Means, or in their Favours^ 
2 may haw fo powerful jfftftanee as may deferoe f§ 
great a Favour, andenabj* me to do it; 

12. * That they who have Jeferted their Truft 

* in Parliament, and given up their Lives, For- 

* tunes, and Confciences to a Compliance with, 

* (he King, will be now defpifed by the Name of 

* a bafe, mutinous, and mungrel Parliament, be- 

* caufe they yet retain'd a little Confcienc? of Re- 

* ligion in this Parliament.* 

(N** 29*) Oxford, March 13, 1644. 

Dear Heart,- w/rat t told thee ihe loft f^iei con- 
cermng q goad Parting with our Lords and Commons 
here, luas, on Monday lafl, handfomely perfirmod % 
and now if I do any thing unhanafome or difadvan- 
tageous to myfelfor Friends, in order to a Treaty, it . 
will he meerly my own Fault ; for I confefs^ when 
I turote Idfi, I was in Fear to have bieH preffed ta 
make fame mean Overtures to renew the Treaty, 
knowing that there were great Labouring to that 
Purpofe : Bui now I promife thee, if it be renewed, 
(which I believe will not, without feme eminent 
£ood Succefs on niy Side) it Jball be to nty Honiiur 
and Advantage, I being no-iti as well fried fi-ffm the 
Place of hafe and mutinous. Motions (that it to fay, , 
rfwr Mungrel Parliament here) ds of the chief CaU' 
Jers, for whom I may jujily expsSl td be . chidden 
iy thee^ ftfr having fufftred thet to be vexed by 

A3 . ■ 7«* 

r..„ ,:^,Ct)t)^le 

flif PfirUamf^ary History 

yif/f 5. Several Lettm are iivxt entered in tjio 
ycurnaUy concerning the Rendition of Carlifity a 
Garrifon of the Ring's, which had held oMt a long 
and tedious Siege againfl the StsU Army ; but now, 
■as they could exp^ no Relief from his Maiefty, 
at laft furrendcred upon honourable Articles, This 
Frontier Town occafioned a Jealoufy between the 
t«ttwi Mdiring j^jj Nations who were to be th? Poffeffbrs of it. 

to the Renajtion ^^ tii- - r n t' n \ ^ 1 n 1 

of Ciclifk to the I he Inhabitants of Cantjte^ before the burrendcr, 
■ pirliMttM. ma^e it one of their Terms, That 2f\. Englijh Go- 
vernor and Garrifon fhould be put into it, and to 
which both Houfes of Parliament confented ; but 
the Town was no fooner given up than the Scots 
entered and took PofTeffion of it, againft all the 
Rertionftrances that the Parliament's Commifflon- 
. ^s Ua the Northfru Counties Qould malte to th^ 
contrary. This was the Occafion of the Letters^ 
before- mentioned being read in theHoufe of Lords 
on this Day ; but, as yet, no more Notice is taken, 
of the Bufinefs. 

yuly 7. A Letter from the Scott Generals wa^ 
read in the Houfe of Lords^ dire£led as follows ': 

For the Ri^t Honourable the Comniittee of both 

My tiords and Gentlemen, 
l(^^£ i^ve. refilved, aqeording to yow Lordfiipt 
Dtfirt, ta advance to Worcefter, and- are ihlt 
JD.ay to begin our March from hence, nof!vithfiaifd~ 
ing many Difficulths and Wants. Your Lardjbips 
tftiii be particularly informed by our CommiJJienerSy 
who are with you, concerning our Necejfities, and 
the Supplies and Prtvijiant which ere dejired. ; as 
alf& concerning the JVeceJity of a Sco(s Gaf^rjfm. and ^ 
Governor in Carlifle for the Safety of ymr Borders^. 
which we look upon as of fuch Confequence, as with-, 
ejit it we can expeSi no belter fljari .that the malignant, 
and dijaffeiied Party in the Northern Counties of 
this Kingdom, and their Cerre^ondfals and Accon>- 
plicei in the Kingdtm of Si^fftiaad, co-operating la-\ 
get her, ^ 

L.._. ^,Gt)t)gle 

fl/ ENGLAND. 7 

getber, wilt make fuch Canvniiimt and TrtuiUs An. iiCir.J. 
uptn the Borderi, as will neceffitati the States of ^ '■*^- . 
Scotland to recall this Jr/ny, or a Part thereofi ijc 
AU tvbich, together ti>ith Jime ether PartieuiOrij J» 
JioH at they fiall he reprejented to your Lordjbifs By -. 
ner Commiffuntrs upon this Place, toe inireat and 
eirfeil from yntr Lordfiiips, that you wiil improve 
your Credit with the Honourable Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, that we may have fiah a fatlsfoBory Ahfwer 
returned, as may be ail Eneauragement to this Atmy 
in their Advance Sotithwar<]s, and may enttrtaiti . 

mutual Truft and Cenjidenct betwien iht Kingdoms.' 
We remain. 

Your Lordfliips niofthuinl>1e'Servaiits> 

Notturgha^July./ i:^^^?ifj, 

*'='*S' HAMILTONj 

Another Papef^ dated yuly 4^ 1645* to dcfire 
that Pr6vi(ions be (tnt iov/a to AipfMy the Scott 


r £ &re defired by tke Committee oF Eftates AdJ tbe Mini 
for the Kingdom of Scotland, refiding with of th. Scou Af- 

■ the 5«^' Army, now on their March to Wor- "J '^ Worttfiw. 
' cefiert to reprefent, by yoUr Lord£bips, to the 

' Honourable Hou&s of Parliament^ the Partlcu> 
' lars following ; ^ 

• That a folid and effcftu^ Courfe be tafeh for' 

■ the Conftant Payment of the Monies due for the 
' monthly Entertainment of the Army* 

' That, for the bener managing of the War^ 

* and that there may not be Want of Provifions* 

* and other Ncccffiirics for the Armyj as formerly 

* there hath been^ to the great Difcouragement of 

■ the Soldiers, and Prejudice of the Public Ser- 

* vice, a Committee be fpeedily fent from both 

* Houfes, according to the Treaty, to reCde with 

* the Atmy, authorized with Power for that Pur-* 

* pofci 

A 4 f fhat^ 


TZtf. ParliatRentary History 

* That Orders be fent to feveral Counties, to 

* furtiilh Provifions and other Neccflaries for the 
' Army. 

* That, left the Armies fliould be reduced to 
•Extremities for Want of their Pay, and the 

* Country unwilling to afford them Fiovifions, the 
' Committee have Power to caufe to provide ne- 

* ceflary Entertainment for the Army by Billet, 
' Aflefltnent, or otherwife. 

, ' That, upon any necei^ry Occaiion, fome 

* great Ordnance with their Furniture and Am- 
*. munition, and, for the prefent, too Barrels of 

* Powder, with Match and Ball proportionable, be 

* provided apd fent to Coventry or H^arwick. 

' That Spades,, Shovels, Mattocks, and Other 

* Materials, be in Readinefe, upon alf Occafions, 

* for the Ufe of the Army ; and a conftant Num- 

* ber of Draughts to attend their marching and 

* removing. 

* That the- additional Forces of Hoffe and Foot, 
' fo often promifed, becondefcended upon and made 

* certain, to join prefently and remain conftantly 

* with the Army ; the Forces formerly deTignea ■ 

* not being, in Effet9, the Number they were 

* efteemed i and thofe few that were drawn toge- 

* ther being returned to their feveral Garrifons, 
' fcarcc a Strength fufficient to fecure the Country 
*. from the Garnfbns of Newark and other Places. 

' That (the Enemy's Strength confifling moftly 

* in Horfe) a competent Sum may be fpeedilypro- 
' vided out of the Aneais due to the Army, for" 
« the raifing lOOo Horfe j and that Piftols and 
•.Saddles be provided for thofe Horfe, and fent 

* fpeedily to the Afmy. 

' That 500 Pair of Piftols be prefently fent to 

* the Army. , 

' That, in every County where the Army fhalt 
' come, a Proponibn of Horfes may be afforded,* 

* upon reafonable Rates, to fupply the Horfes that' 
*■ ihall fail upon Service, which i& t.o be difcounted 

' o[it of the Arrears of the Army, and paid te the" 
'Owners of the Horfes by.the Parliament i which. 



as it is moft neceflary for the Service and kaep- *^*^^' '* 
ing the Number of the Cavalry entire, fo it will . , ^' , . 
prevent the Prejudice and Complaint of the jaif. 
Country, for having their Hoifes talun without 

* That fince now the Settj Army, by whom 
tKe Nerthtrn Counties were reduced and kept 
in Obedience to the, King and Parliament, it 
marched Souths the Forces appointed by the Or- 
dinanct of Parliament may be fpcedily raifcd in 
the Nenhem Counties, and ordered to keep the 
Field, for the Security of the Northern Parts ; 
left the Malignants, joining with the King's Gar- 
ritbns, raife new Forces, and llrengthen them- 
Iclves, to the fpoiling and wafting of the Coun- 
try, or 'fending a Party to difturb the Borders of 
Scotland : All which may now be prevented with 
greater Eafe and Security than afterwards can 
be remedied ; and, if neglected, may prove the 
loHng of the Norlhtm Counties, and may oc- 
cafion the drawing back of the5»/x Army; who, 
finding the Narib fecured and the Borders of 
Scotland free of Danger, may, with the greater 
Confidence and RefoTution, profecute the War 
in the Smth. 

* That rpecial Care be had for fecitring the City 
of Tcrk. 

* That four Troops from the Nenhem Forces 
be appointed to attend Colonel Walden^ now 
Sheriff for the County of NorihumberlanJ, the 
General being to call away tha four Troops of 
the Scott Cavalry that are with, him for the pre- 

* That Colonel-General Pcyntz be defired, by 
the Parliament, to hold Correfpondence with his 
Excellency the Earl of Leven. 

* That all Towns, Caftles, Garrifons, Forts., 
Bridges, and Pafles under the Power of the - 
Parliament, where the Scots Arniy fliall cone, 
be patent to them j and the Governors ?nd 
Commanders thereof, by Ofdtmnct of Farlia-- 

• meht. 


10 Tl&f ParHamerttary Hist OR V 

An-«iCiT.l. ( ment, be appointed and dtreded to affift ahif 
. "*^' , * fupply them upon all Occafioos.' • 

JBl)f. S}. Command ef the Cemmiffiamrs of tht ParUa^ 

mtnt ^Scoaand. 

7«^4,i645. JOHN CftlEStY. 

Another irf/tr from General Pairfax to the 
Committee of the two Kingdoms, was this Day 
read, giving an Account of a new independent 
Army, called CluS-Metiy raifed of themfelves, but 
grown at this Time to a very conftderable Force, 
tvho f^emed to threaten MifchieT to both or either 
of the contending Parties as they faw Qccafton : 
The Rife of them will be bed underllood by Gene- 
ral Fairfax'! Letter and its Confe^ueiices. . 

For the Right Honourable tlie Commissioners 
of both Kingdoms at Derby-houfe, 

My Etrfds' and Gentlemen, 
Sr^on^^' _A^^ Z'^'""' ^"^" acquainted your Lordfinps 
theWfi^'^the ^vitb my Refalutiohi to niarch Weftward far ' 

Club-Men in the KeUef if TaUnton, Itt puffuance whereof I am 
^Src!°^ " ^'^■""""^ "^ f<^ <7J Blandford. / could not hither^ 
to give your Lard/hips an Account of the Condition 
effhefe CtmntifS o/" Wilts aTii/Dorfet, in Arms un- 
der the Name of Club-Men : They pretend only the 
hefme of themfelves from Plunder^ but not to fide 
titter with the King's Forces or the Parliament's, 
hut to gilie free S^uarter to both. The Heads of 
ihem- ere aS, fo far as I can Uarn, fuch as have 
either' been in a£fuat Service in the King's Army^ 
or thofe that are known Favourers of that Party ; 
noy^ fame having Commands at the prejent with tht 
King. I hear they have drawn up certain ArtieleSf 
whereunto they have fubfcribed for the managing 
and maintaining this new Party. They have drawtt 
up Petitiov, one to the King and the other to the 
'Parliament^ the Copies whereof I have herewith 
fent unto your Lordjhits. The Heads of them have 


«/• E N G L A N D. ij 

hadfime Treaties with the Gwerntrt tf tbi GmrU ih,stGv.L 
fitu, htth efKing and ParBammty that He mar^ U . '***"' . 
iiem^ end have agreed ta pof dtOrthutim U beA i JL " ■ 

Jhear^ol. to ToUoa-HouIe,, and the Hie H Lajtg^ 
fbrd-HQufe. They have appttHtedTrtaftirers tfonr 
mm far the receiving andpapng eftbtfanu, mtidtbt 
Garrijenii in nnfidcrsUen htrtef^ art net U rwA 
Cmtniutitm to tbmjitaei, 

I have ftnt yaw Lard/bipt en* ^ thnr JVar- 
rantt for raijmg of Mongfy andp4pp^it ft i§r. 
Holies of S^ifbunr, wh» is etu of tbiir titadsftr 
that Purpofe. They give Pajit t» fatm ef taeir 
Party, whan they call ASodueSf to pafs freely i» 
tie Country without A&iejlatieet. They j'h^ them- 
fehies under Jeverel OffiarSy and meet doily im great 
jSodits at their Rinde^vaiUy and boafi tlej eon iavt 
20,000 Men at twtniy-fmr Hanrs U^armng^ 
Far affen^Ung them tegether> their Jieadi^ fata »M 
fa feveral TotunSy andly ringitig of Btlkf and ftnd»- 
ing of Pofis from one Raidesuakt to anaihar i» tbt 
feveral Toumt and Hundreds^ ib^ draw int» 
great Badits ; and, far Diflixaian ef tken^ehei 
from other Men^ they wear white Riibom, tojhew^ 
at they fay, they are dtfirem of Peace. They meet 
with Drums, fiying Colours ; and, for ArmSy they. 
have Mufliets, (feme, I hear, have bean ftnt ihtm 
from SherborneJ Fotvling-Pieces, Piktt, Ha&ertj^ 
great Ckbs, and futh Hie. They tote, upon them 
to inierpefe Between the Garrifons es either Sidei 
atfd when any of their Forces meat in Places where 
they have fufficient Power, at Salilbury and the liie^ 
they will not Juffer them to fight, but maie them 
drini together, and fa mate them depart' to their fe- 
veral. Garri/ans,' They have come into our Harfe- 
^uarteri, andJiealHorfes where they find them «* 
Qrafs, and carry them into the Woods. They will 
obey rio fVarranU, no further than they are compell- 
ed, for fending in of Proviftons far the Army, or 
Draughts for the Carriages, in ihefe two Counties. 
They are abundantly more affiled to the Enemy 
than ta- the Parliammi^ and pubticlj declare what- 


12 The PatHmeniary ll i s t cj r r 

)i. SI Car, I. fotver Party falls on them they -will join with iht 
other ; and ihofe of the Inhabitants efthefe Counties^ 

loir, ^^ °^' '"'"^h '>ff'^t<i "> *he Parliament^ that do mi 

. join with them, are daily threatened hy them, andfii* 

fpta the Iffue of it will be very mifchievous. 
■ / have the, Enemy before me, towards whom /' ant 
advancing with all Expedition, and theft Men., wht 
tire very numerous^ and aBed by Men fo dangerousj 
es far the mofl'part their Leaders are, I knaw nst 
what they may attempt ; I therefore defire your Lord^ 

fiiipi Advice in this Bujinefs, betng uncertain what W 
do before I hear from you. 

• I am careful to prevent any jujl Caufe of Cla-' 
mour from the Country, through any Difirders of 
the Army, end hope there will be Care taken for thi 

fending Money to us, that they may be able to give 
Contentment to the People, hy difcharging their 
^arteri: But I don't at all doubt that, if fome 

Jpeedy Cotrfe were taken for the quieting or juppref- 

^g them, it tvould be no hard Work ; hut I know not 
what it may prove in Time. I find them generally. 
iiety confident of their Caufe and Party, and if here- 
after they Jhould frefume to give Lawt to the Armies^. 
as they do the Garrifms^ it may be of evil Cinfe-' 

For the prefent I fiall offer to your Lordjhipi thi 
tcmrnandingofGoUaelFicnn^s's andColonel'tioitoa's 
Regiments of Horfe into thefe Parts ; who, ivith the 
Mjlance of Colonel l.\sA\ov,, Sherif of Wilts, and 
the Garrijons in thefe Parts may be able, at leajl, ta 
keep them from drawing into any great Bathes, to the 
Diflurbance of the Country. 

I defire your Lard/hips fpeeify Anfwer, and remittt 

Elandfbrd, July 3, Your Lordlhips , 
1645. . 

Moft humble Servant, 


. There was alio rcitd a fVarrtait of the Ctuh'-' 
Men, under the Hands of Thomas Benntly Thomas 

L.._. ^,Gt)t)^le 

«f E N GL A N D. 

Ji»lUi, Themas Rofi, William Geidd, Matthew Mrr- An- 
^iu, fent to the Tyihing-mcn o{ Ebbejhaurne. 

Chalke ' rr? HERE AS feveral Petitions for 

flundrtd. * W Peatt arc intended to be agreed Their Wamnt 

* upon by the Inhabitants of this County of ^'" ™*^ *^' 

* ff^ltt, and to be prefented, the one to his Ma- ™^' 

* jelly, and the other to the Houfes of Parliament, 

* it was thought iit .by divers Gentlemen and 

* .Others, Inhabitants of the Divifion of Sarum, who 

* are already agreed and entered Into an AlTocia- 

* tion concerning the fame, that, during fuchTime 

* as the faid Petition {ball remain unanfwered, z 

* fpeedy Courfe {hould be taken by way of Treaty 
' between the faid Gentlemen and Inhabitants of 

* the faid Divifion, and th« Commanders of the 

* feveral Garrifons oi Langfordxn^ pallet fdowru^ as 

* well for Peace and Safety of the Inhabitants of th« 

* aforefaid Divifion, and others who are charged 

* by way of Contribution, or otherWife charged 

* or molefted by either of the two Garrifons, as 

* alfo for the ncceffary Subfiftance of the faid Gar- 

* rifons ; upon Notice whereof divers Gentlemen. 

* aad Inhabitants of the faid Divifion did meet, 

* with .the Commanders of the feveral .Giirrifons 

* oi Sarum, the 13th of thislnftant j'kb/, and ther« 

* did 'conclude upon certain Articles, both for the' 
•. Peace and Safety of the County, and the Sub- 

* fiftancc and Maintenance of the two Garrifons,' 

* as may appear under the Hands of the Gentle-' , 

* men and Inhabitants of the faid Divifton and' 

* Commanders of the faid Garrifons, together" 

* with a Confirmation under the Hands of the 

* Committee then at Falhrjdawne, in the Behalf 
' of that Garrifon : Therefore you the Inhabitants' 

* of the Parilh of Ebbejioume-fraie, are deftred, by ' 
*.the Gentlemen whofe Names are here fubfcribed, 

* to pay, or caufc to be paid, to the fworn Con- ' 
< flable of the Hundred, theSum of 2/. 181. 4</.v' 

* at, or before the 21ft Inftant, being for one' 
*. whole Week laft pall, whereby the Conftable ' 
i piay return and pay the iamc to yetn Holies' 

' of 


14 7}}e Parliamfttf afy Hist otL.r 

Ju. *t Cn. L ( of Neio~Saruin, Gent, who is ■deputed by th# 

. '**S' * Genriunen and Inhabitants to receive the JaiDej 

T^ * to the Intent to difcharge the Payments promised 

* to the Gamfons, and for the fame to be account- 

* able, when be Ihall be thereunto required, a^d 
■ upon Account to pay the Remainder of his Re- 

* cnpt, if any fuch Ihall be, unto &ch as hefliall 

* be c^crcd therein : And you are likewifc to re- 

* turn the feveral Names of every PerTos, who 

* 'ftands charged therewith within your Tything, 

* together With the particular Sum of every fuch 

* Pcrlbn fo taxed, and who they are, in you/Ty- 

* thing} that refuie or neglect to pay die fame. 

Y»ur Friendt, 

,7* the TjihiMg-nutty Thomas Bennett, 

c^Ebbefborne, Thomas Hollis, 

SiMoK White, Thomas Ross, 

Con/iaik. ' Williajh GoutD, 

Matthew Mbrviw. 

* It is conceived the Payment henceforward will 

* not anount to fo great a Proportion.' 

Next the Examination of Chriflopher Dale of 
Salt/bury was read, concerning the Club-Aim. 
An Emiiliutioa * f^HriJiapbtr Dale of &alijbitry^ examined, feith, 
u^^ ididnt to , (^ -Y^a-ty when, he was taken Ycftcrtfciv, at 

* Salisbury Town-£nd, by. a Soldier of this Army, 

* upon Sufpicion of being a Spy, hewas then re- 
'- turning home to Salisbury from frincanton, to- 

* geth^r with fomo Butchers of that Town, with' 

* whom he went there to have his Mare reAored 

* unto him, and was then bringing her. home to 

* Salisbury. He denieth that he came purpofdy 
' * to view the Army, or went ^ut of his W^ be- 

* twcen W/«mn/flB and Salisbury to view the fame; 

* but it fortuned diat as he was on his Journey the' 

* Arniy marched, cxofs that Way, and he kept on" 

* hi) W^ thro' the Army, makiog no Stay to' 

* oblenre it. He aclutawtedged. That heretofore' 

* he 


gT E N G L A N D. ij 

^ tje bor^ Anq's fw the King, and ferved as a Ao. >i c«r. I. 
f Qywter-Mafter under Colonel Bampjuld of the . '**^' . 
f .pnemy's Party : B"^ ^a'th. That he laid down y^^ ' 
^f )^3 Anps about t)iree Q^artcrE of a Year ago, 
f and h^th never fince feived on either Side. But 
f pif further faith, of laic he hath alTociftted him- 
f felf with thofethey called C/H^Af«t of SflAiiwy; 

* that be luipwetb no other £nd of that Aflbcia- 
f ^fi hut to defend th«nfelves and their Goods 
' 3gainft all Plunderers ; but nM to oppofe either 

* A'™)' - That for the Town of Saiitburfy there 
f. arc chofen fixtcea Men, vix. Four out of every 
f l*afifti, to be fh^r Lexers, to guide and dired ; 
f as, nanipiy, Mr, Haaeock, Mr. OviaL, Mr. Ed- 
f mimdsf apd Mr. Green, for Si, Thomas's Parifll ; 

* Mr. J,aj, Mr. fiancoek. Brewer, Mr. Zow;, and 
f iV^r. HolUs, fen. for St. Edmund's Parifli j Dr. 

* Halts, Phyftcian, Mr. &irt, Mr. Payne, and Mr. 

* "Bee, for 5/. Martin's. Parifli.j Mr. 7^«^<r, Mr. 

* Thacker, Mr. Hoiiu,\\m. and for Fijhertan 

* Parifll ;.and Mr. ^//(V is Chief over all. He 

* concejveth that about Salisbury there are near 
f joo Club-Meni which at feveral Times appeared, 
f but he conceiveth that there arc more that arc 
» aflbciated. That he believes the Town is able 

* to furnifli thefe Cluh-A^n with Arms, viz. fome 

* with Pikes and Mufquets, and others with Car- 
^ bines and Piftols ; but he thinketh that there is 

* the like AHociation of Cluii-Men all over thf 

* County of JVilts, ai^d that divers Gentleman, 
f in their feverat PariDies, do appear to conduct ; 

* but he can certainly name none but Mr. Juftice 

* Btnnei, Mr. Gold, Mr. ji/bton^ and Mr. Ed- 

* ward Tepp. That they have met at fevefal 

* Rendezvous, ;, that he was prefent at one Ren- 
•. dezvousatGrflw«/,?y, where he met the Club-Men 

* of Salisbury, witt\ fome other Cfoi-^/'" of Bart' 
', of ^hat County ; and at i^sx Time there ap-' 

* peared about 4000, as was generally laid and' 

* believed -. And befides this Rendezvous, there 
*, were kept other Rendezvous for bther Parts of 
! the County, vjz. IVarmin/ltr,, Stanqge, jyhite-' 

' ■ ■ ■ ■ ; ■ . p^^ijj 


1(5 T&e Parliamentary History 

*»■ Vf"'^- • ParSfijy and Vpha^in ; but what Number there 

■ *^' , * met at the Rendezvous he knoweth not.— — 

Jnly. * That at the Rendezvous where he ,piet at Grove- 

* ley, there were certain Articles read and propofed 

* .to them, which they all affented to, by givi;ig 

* a Shout ; but what the Effed of thofc Artides , 

* were, more than to defend themfelves againft 

* Plunderers, he cannot tel! ; but it was then faid, 

* they were to be fent both to King and Parlia- 

* ment to fee how they would like them. And^ 
' two or three Days afterwards, fome of the Gar- 

* rifons of Forcelty and Longford met at SalUburj 

* with the Ctub-Men, upon the Invitation of die 

* Club'Mtiti when and where the faid Articles 

* were again propofed, is he hath been informed j 
(• and thereupon, in the ConcluTion, it was agreed, 

■ that the Club-Men ftiould give 50 /. a Week tq, 
' * each Garrifon, until the King and Parliament 

* had given Anfwer to their Articles.' 


July 2, 1645. J. MILES, AdvBctitei, 

Alfo a Copy of the Petition of the Cluh-Men was 
read, direfied to the King, for Peace, tie, 

Ttihe KING'S Moji ExcelUni Mt^tfty, 

The HtfMBLE Application *f yeur maft hyal an<( 
ebeiSeja SubjeSis, the diflrejfed ProteftaniSy inhabit- 
ing the Ceiinlies e/Doiki and Wilts, 

^,t^ S ! T " ^ "^ y°"' Suppliants having. mo« deeply 
X than any other. Parts of this Kingdom, 

* tafted the Miferies of this unnatural and inteftine 

* War, which hath been the more extremely im^ 

* bittered unto them by the Prefliires of maiiy 

* Garrifons both here and in the ncighbou,riijg; 

* Counties, and the oppofite Armies continually 

* drawn upon them by reafon thereof, did lately 

* hope tha^, by M^ans of the Treaty propofed by 

' * your 

i'.., ,Gt)t)^le 

■^ &K G t AN.D. " 

' your Majefty m rfie HfertouraWe Houfes- of Par- ' 
' lianknt at [/rfn'djf;,' they might' once agaiif 

* have -reaped the bleffed Iffue of their !ong-If>ft 
*- Peace, in the happy Acoftmmodation of'^^k~ 

* ferit -DifFerencfcs^ ttithdut further Efftrfion of 
'ChrHttanBlotid^ but'findlnff'thenifeWes utterly' 
*■ ffclleh frdm thrfrt4Iop<s,'an« fo too juAly ft«r-' 

* ing that the Extrtmily of thefe ' Collmitios,' 
' w5ch the Contmuance of this bloody W*r is- 
*• ]iltely to' produce,' will idally grow more inlupport- 

* able, ai^fsourtindinlHaiVDivirions may timely 
'• be prevented by foiWe Yudden Accommodation, 
*- lh«y do here Rrft ai^d freely acknowledge, with" 
' Sbrrow and Shame, before God and Man, That 

* as it was their extreme Ingratitude^ with' the 
'■ IKfefteem and Abufo of" their former Peace, 

* wbich juftly bereft thsm of that ineftimableBlef-' 
*\Iiogl'fo it is theirmaflifold UnworthinefB which 

* yet wttb-bolds :it frOm them ; and therefore, in ' 
'-•tttibmiffion to the iDifpofition of the Divine Cit- ' 
'-BttnCy, they ceafe not heartily to pray that-God, ' 
*'Ui eaM Time,' would' graciouQy anlvver the in-' 
'-ceJiant Applications ofhiBChurch withablelTed 

* cR«ftoration of herand-theirPcace'. And that they 
'be not wanting to themfebres in the Ssarch and 

* Purfuance of thofc Moans which may procure 
' "fuch a happy Reflitution, they likewife caft them- 
' felves at your Majefty's Royal Feet, humbly im- 

* -piorihgyoutolendagr&ciousEartoafartherTrca- " 

* Jy for Ptai!e^ if it fiiiSl b* profFered to your Ma- 

' iefty by thetWoHoufes of Parliament ; for Pro- ' 
*^trfal whereof your^Peiitioners have made the like 

* Addrefs to them; thatftich a firm Ptuce may once ' 

* 'Bgairt'be eftablilhed amoheft uS, that may- prove 

' for .the AdvancemWitJ of God's Qioiyi' in the ■ 

* -Maimenanse d£ thetnua Refann«d \ Prot«ftant ' 

* -Religion jfiVtiYelSafbgUVd «f,yotir Majefty's ~ 

* Koyai Perfrni, .Bona»n,"^iid Eftate j for Secu- ' 
' rity ofthcPrlvilagBBahtl Immiirtities (if thefaf- ' 
' iiamenT; and foftheHfreffevation of thd Liber- ' 

* 4ica ai»d Properties'^ ^ Sub^ft; all which ' 

* they conceive tobetlieibtir main Anicles of that ' 

Vol.: XIV. B * general 


72e ParUametttaty Hmtory 

' ^neral Prtteftatitn to whkh the Body c^ ^ir 

* Kingdom have formerly fwom : And although 

* ^tJif dare not prcruma to intennit themfdres into 

* thssDebate of tbofc two great Myfteries of State, 

* conC^BrniBg the Pranmlivca inC^rabte Jjom 

* your MajcftT*!. Royal Tcrlon and Powqr, and' 

* the iuft PrivJJega of Parlian^t, both of whidr 
*• are Icfc to their Pnyera^ only for a wifbed Deter* 

■ miaation and a bi^py Coapofiticm of tketn \ . ycr 

* they find tbemfclves Douad in, Conlciencc, firft> 

* aitM chiefly, as Chriffians, lo piaiotaift and ad- 

* vance, with the uiaaoft Hszaid irf their Livcf 

* and FortuncB, the true Rbformed Proteftant Re- 
*. ligion i and next, bb frcc-born Eng^^mtn^ not 

* degenerate from Uie Virtoea of thcii Facers*, hy 

* alt poffibie and lawful (leaiu to prefeive and vf- 

* bold the native Inheritance of their Laws, tbcir ' 

* LibcitiDG, and Properties, which thcy et^tnll; 

* bold in Efteem cveit with Life itfelf. 

* And the faid Pcdtionen do IBcewife bunUf 

* pray. That, in cafe fuch a. Trtaty taanj be ntud^ ' 

■ ally and imfetgnedlyadmitlisd,. youf MajeAy, for 
' your Part, would once again be gracioufly pteap 

* ed to pi«fs the Ceflktionof Arms during the. ttd 

■ 7ry(tf)r,thatthetwoHoufcs.of ParIiiuneotra»b« 

* induced to dp the &me, that a Treaty for Ftatt 

* may not proceed in Blood : And becwife your 

* Pcdttoners are no longer aUe to fubfift underthe ■ 

* impoffible Obfervancc of So many contrary Com^ 

* mandi of lb many Garrifons; and feveial Amueiy ' 

* (wfao,underPreCenceofContTibution,Bnd byim*- 

* oieafiirable Tutes, concinuai free Qtiarter,, an4 

* inceflimt Plunderings, contraiy to yourM^efty's 

* PrMlamtUim In tlut Behalf, have fcarcciyilcft 

■ your poor Suppliants fuficient for the Sui^ort of ■ 

* Life) they do tnoA bui^fy bcfeedi your, moft 

* Sacred Majeflv, dut, oat of ymu Royal Cle- 

* mcncy, wherel^ you were wont to relent the - 

* Mi&ry of your poor diftrefted Sulneds^ yov 

* would be gracioufly ^eafed dM the Niioiber of 

* your GarrUoni in thefe CountieB nay be leOencd^ 

* iQ calc the tpro Houfe» of Parliameot Ibal!, upon 


^^ fi W G LA N D. i9 

f jwof Sdhjeai Petidort tq them in that Behalf; do *^." "C"- ^^ 
■ \ the Kke with the Gaia-ifona in their tjands ; and . ' *^' V 
*' that all fitch ydur Garrifons aa Iball feem neceC- ' Jtfj." - 
" ^H-y to be ilpheld witbia thcfe Coontie* for the 

* D«toc« theraof^. may be intrufted in the Hands 

* of die faid Cbuiuic«, to be i|taintaiiKd at the 
.* Charge cpf the lohabitams thereof}' and not t* 
^ bedeUvered upb^ theqi to any Perions* but fuch 

* only as, by the joint Conlent of your Ma^efty and 
■ the twaHouTit/afPuliaiiKntiibiillbeauthonzed 

* to veocih'e dw f»ine; And they nwft humbly prav^- 
^ 't'bsi^ during thew Service in maintaining the 

. ^ OarrifoitrrVOurMajcftywouldbegractoullypleaf- 
^- ed to fie^' the .faid Inbabkanu from all Manner 

* of Paymeittsj and «11 other ittcumbent Cbai^a, 
' JEiveonlydid kdoQffiiry Quarter of your Majefty's 

* ArmicsintbeirMareiitowardsqtber Parts : And 
^ bet^ufe many diflblute Perfons, laldng Advan* 

* tM itf ttefe idifttoipcrad Time^ auid of the 

* Abatemntrof th« S4g».af Juftiwi 4oi vviihont 

* Roftraint, cotuiib anny .heinous Oflences, to 

* the »eat DilfaonoOr of Almighty God, and it 

* Scandal to your Royal Government eftablifbed 

* by Che Laws ()f this k«ahn, they further humbly 

* r*ay» That ^ Aa* <;*F Parliament, unr^waied 
•■ aha yet iii Force' agattiff fiich Ofenders, may be 

* prefeiitly put into Execution by fiich Officers m 

* the fame Afts enable thereunto, without any 

* Didarbance in the Execution thereof: And that 

* ^ fucK Perlbfts ftS- ekhCr atC or have, been in 
< Arms, or othtrvrift affiftsnt to either Party in 

* diis Unhappy War, whe, for Fear, have abfented 

* themfclvea from the Places of their ufual Abode, 

* or arc imprifoned onlyasFavomars' of the other 

* Party, may be peaceably permitted »o return to 

* their wonted Htirries aiid Habitations, and to the 

* Obedience of the rftabliftied Laws. ■ ■ 

* And your faid Petitioners humbly defirs your 

* gr^cioui Msjeftyt^- underftand, that their frc^ 
■^ Buenl McwwgS have been hitherto, as appears, 

* for no ijther. S4d, fwc only for Opportunity, 

* joiatly^. to prtleot their great Grievances by 

B 2 ' 'this 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^le 

, 20 17j&- Parliiimetttary 'History 

Ab- »i Off, t. < this innocent and humble Way of petitioning > 

-j-^ ^'; . * and to unite themlelves as, by the Purport of thfc 

jyj„ • Pmitjfalion and your Majefty's Pnclamatien ift 

* their BehaTf, they humbly conceive they bw'- 
' fully may do, for the Maintenance of their Reli" 

* gion, Lavrsv Liberties, and Properdca, againft 
'•- all unlawful Violence and Plundering whatfocver, 

* nntil it fliall pleale Almighty God to put an End 

* to thefe fad Diftra£tions. 

* • In the laft Place, fpr the Prevention of aH 

* Mifunderftandings, and for the fuller ExpreffioR 

* of their peaceable Intentions,' in whatfoever itiaf 

* he required of them as touching the Premifes'i 

* they' humbly befeech your gracious M^efhr, that 

* they ttiay have your Maj^y's Warrant for the 
' fafe Intercourfe of thofe who Ihall be employed 

* by/them in this Addre&to your Sacred Majefty.' 

The like Pititim to the PaiSIament,' from- the 
Clttb-trun, hnOirth fmiUmdiSf is edtetcd in ^bt.Lartk 
Jtwuab'; the Gonfequences of ^ich .wHl Ihortly 
appear. ■ •,• ■ ■■ ■ 

The Lords were informed, 'That there wece no 
Officers in all the Nertbem Afloctation ^hat have 
Commiffions, except only Colonel Paynlz^ nor can 
have any until the maior Part of that Committee 
meet, which conlifb of many Gentlemen of the |e- 
veral Counties ; and that, ^r.want of fuch Com* 
miffions, thofe Forces arc not in a Condition to 
a£t upon any Occafion or Emergency ; and there*- 
fore to defire their Lordfliips to coniidtr of fomc. 
Expedient for the Supply of that Defeft. 

Ordered, That all thefe Papers, now reported^ 

{hall be communicated to the Haufe of Commons,) 

r and, accordingly, they wen fent down to the 

Houf^ of Commons by Mr. Scajeant Ftncb and 

Mr. Page. 

Nothing now occurs for fome Time in the yeur- 
naliy except we mention fome ^DveMures of tht 
Scots Cominiflioncrs for more Provifion of Money 
to be fent lo thctr Army ; and an Account of an- 
' ■ . .... otlict 


tf E N G L AND.- ji 

^l^ Victory gsdncd by General /ii/r^ againft Aa.*icu*t 

(he Lord. <?aru)j', at LangpcTt^ in Somfrjtt^irt^ \_ '^ ,. 
for tyhich another. Day' (tf Tfaanlcfgiving was a|»- fci... • 
pointed. ' ' . ■ 

7«^ 15. A LetUr from Genera] Fairfax wa« 
read to the Lords^ containing % fliort Account of 
Ac foregoing Adion; 

To the Right HcHiourable the Lord G r b y of 
Warkf Speaker of the Houfe of P e e R s. 

My Lordi 

Trp(ta/t4 GtJ, .« ThurfflOT /j/*, tf this 4rmj^ to c 
■* givt General Goring Defeat- -^fitr he rt' ^ 

a OeoenlMfftt-a 
,_ ^"°^ «f to 
tirtdfrom Taunton be ^viitb hif. Artny at Lang- cwinjuts^w- 
port; wbert, jiiitb the j^a/^age af the River anJt'tOiin. 
fovtrai Garrifms ih^ lay upen it, nt put ui in gnat 
StraitJ to find a Wfiy. kt^ ta engage -with him ; the' He 
had great Adpant^gef af^ajftiy yet hi} Ovrr-trnfiSmcf 
iiflbemprfve4ratbtr BitrHhofi bii; ^bilft he fitU 
aa/aybh Or4»an(e and Carriages is Bridgcwater, hf 
fronted ut with bis Army^ and paffed 1600 Mufque~ 
tiers thro' anarrnuVaUey that was ietivixt us; but 
iiie forced them tt feffeat-tviA ours, jnsd the Htrfe - ' ' '■ 
feconded them and put the Army inta a. rSatt, purfsting 
ibem almdfl into Bridgswater, Twa tlKufand taken 
Prifaners, fetufiain, H^e alfo have taken, gotd Stort- 
^ Arms, 'two Fiec^ of-Orinaneey wA many Coliiwr$ 
both of tiorfe and Feoii ffe are marching tt Budge- 
water, anajhall make the ieft Uft wttanaf tbirgeod 
Sucee/s God bath given us. 

Idefireyour Lordfhip's Pardon for ihii.Attf Re-r 
lotion. This Bearer, Major Harrifon, tan fatisfy 
year l,ordjhip mtpe fully in FerUisdart-, Jo tak$ 
lAinfe t« remain 

Your Lordlhip's 

Chrffer, Jolyii, . pioft humble Servant, 


Next'Major Harrifm was called in, and mada 

9 I^afrafive cif td^ whole Affiur, Hereupon the 


ik , 7& f^Kameftfary^Hi s>r o R v 

An- ■1,'C*!. I. Lords gave him Thariks fqr his good Service .donf 

s M ^'. . ' '" this BuGnefs, and ordered that the Speate -do 

Julvi" ^"" Z Letter to Sir 7'himas Fiiirfax froi|n*that 

Houfe, to congratulate hjs good Succels in -the Utts 

Vi&oryy ajid'to give him Thanjcs /or his gff*t 

yigitancyin the Carriage of this AAif>n> 

Jufy jZ. The Comirons, by t Cooomitwe, :ht4 

been all this Time in Exaniination of the Bufiiiefsi 

Mr. CnmfiwJ /elating ti 'whdt Mr. Cranford had leclared, '<<xa^ 

fiarfbytlitCoiii- cerningthcDtfisaioii 6f foffledf4boir Memfaon (a); 

SI!"ri»i^r'^'^ and unanimoufly rtfohtd^ That the faid Report 

0or WFiDti«ii] was felTc and fcaodalous : That the Words he had 

^ -. , ipoken againft Mr. ' &-eaie, Mr. PierlHtint, iS^ 

■'■ — Solicitor St. yohn, and ?i\t Henry Vane^ jai»-' wer* 

"' ■ ;, alfo falfe and fcahdalous; That he fheuld pay tia^ 

each of the faid GentTcmcn the Sum c^yioLx^ 

Qamages, for th^ir Reparation :' That 4w Jbould 

make an yVcknowledgment fbr'bis OflairtGo; st4 

racprefs hts Sorrow for the &inr,~itt'the Bar of tho 

Houfe of Ccunindns ; arid that Kc-^hdiiW ^ caW 

niitted P'rifonef'to thp Tmeer during tUk'KlAq&uB- 

of the Houfe. ■ '' ■ :• . ■ 

^JV3na ^""^ "^ '^JZ y^. *9' *• iP""™*"* prPr" 
MNn'dibiiA-d. coeded upon ib« R^oit 'coacenung Lord Aavty?t. 
■■■'■■■ '■■•■' Paper, wherfitn Mr. Htlki aed.Mr. WhitWci^^ 
were tvied with Treac^ei^, wbco they aifted as 
rtie Parliainent'* ComniiffittWrs at Oxfori, amf 
agreed that it fiiotdd be iinallyliajd afide: ^tf a^ 
ifie f*ne Tioie,' it was «rdr*(t T-hat thofc Geil-. 
tlcmeri might profecute the- l*ord 5t7w'& if tfjejr 
Aought fit.— — -Mr. /iffftfiand Ui. fVhitslKke^t^ 
'- ing cxtremd^ fiartictilar in their refpeSivjc Narra- 

tiv«B (rfthn Bufinds, ve ibti!| p»f«.« by with, a Re- 
ference to their Mffnerials (i). ' , 

Nodjing wcM-th Notice, either Civjl or Military, 
relating to thefe Inquitlcs, occurring Jn ^ Tnuif- 
a£lioiis ofkh^ Monthj we fubjom an £Mra£t' 
from the £^ Jeurnats, of July 23, of a Com- 

' "'■■-' ' ' plaint 

(4) See before, in Vol. XHI. p. 41 j, (gj, &i. 
'■(i) BiBa-i Mtmtin, p,]!, WUfnit, f Ht, •' '/"* 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

<!ir E N G L A KD. 43 

.^ftint audc, by the AGeinhly of Oivfaiei agaiaS^a A*. *t Cm^^ 
biafphcmous Book lately publUhod. That Hoi^ ^ *'*^' , .,. 
ensured it t* be burAC by the Hands q{ tbe com- j^.' 
tnon Hangman, and ontaed the Afiembly to df aw 

. up a PctEftatJon kgaioft fuch Blafphnnies ( a Copy 
whereof here ft^ows '• 

* A S it hsth plealol the Honourable Houlci of A Dcdantioa of 
< ^ Parliament, put of their pigiu Care forSw^f^inl 

* prelerving Religion pun frota the Leaven ofuarphenxMi 

* p«miciotu -,and blafphemous Dodrine, to order Boot, humt by 
« t^Burjyw of tkii OJoft fcandaloui Book i fo ^^ ^Jb*. 
^* .^ve they mther ordered us to declare the Abo- 

* minablenefs thereof unto die People j and wc 

* donbt not but ev^ gOoA Chriftian, as loon as " 
' he fhall hear the ScofW andCmtents of it, '.will, 

* together with us, - dcteft the horrid Blafphcmy 

* therein aflcrtcd} ^acknowledgcthegodlyZeM, 

* Wildom, and Julbce of that Authority, in cotU' 

* ipaqding jtj as an oxfctable Thiqg, to besUcen 
' aw»y, that it nuiy fiot rsmatn junonxfl: u» to pro* 

* voke God|s Wrath, and produce fuch perilous 
f aqd pemiciom Fruits, wherebv the Soul; of mfciiy 

* may be cor mptcd » (heir everl*8ing Qsflru^ion : 
4 For wh^^as thftt m^ vile xc^: btafphemoiu 

* A^rCifan» whereby God is ayow^d to be tb« 

* Ai^or «f 3ui> hfth hitherto, by the general 
<Confe(itofCh^(ftiM»Teacher« and Writers, bo* 
f ancia^ and niQder% and thele as,well Papifts as 

* Ptote^aqtSj been not only ^fcUimed,- but cYeti 
f deuftod and abhorred i yet, in this Book, it (s 
*. not loofely ititimated, or Qccarionally hinted, of 
f iBjcofiladerately or throi^ Inadvertency flumbled 

* upon, bt^t openly and in exprefs Temia, and in, 
f a very foul Manner^ propounded and maintained 

* purpolely af large, and profeci^ted, in the foli 
^ lowiijg PaiTages, vi». 

P^e^ is- ^' ('^ " ^ -^afV ^> mihatb Ojt 
fltmdin, tbt Sinfulntft ef his Pe»pU, ' ' 

Page 36. That % ts the Au^tr, nit »f thafi 

Miiens aUne iif whith Sin ii, knt if tht ver^ 

ft ^ ^ frmH 


iMr.ii'Cn. I. PmnHif-afJtiKcy, Ammy, Irrdguldrity, atid S^fuU 

',^2^l__, lufsitfeifwhichuinthm. '.'"'■ 

loli p3gE 3^. Tiat Gdd-iaifi imi^ Hand tiP'Mtt^t 

■■^t^Uipthmthtythtmfelvis.'"--- ■ '■ ;' '-"-^ 

t "Page J?.- TiW 'A/'tWirtiwf'f.S/n doth pAiifce'the 

grtateji Good, either in God"} Gitry or-'iA-'the Crta~ 

ture'i h/jppinefs, as the next Caufe thereof; and that 

' nil thai Good ii only hroi^hhdboief'.hy Stn. , A 

Y-igs ■^^i'-7T>M if is 'as-'i^cem^ruoui 'afid Immje- 
■■ ,nietit to tnaieGad the jfUi^r'n/.tiie 'jl^tifiii^'ef: hn 
Creaturet as' of their Si^'tii'-' ■'■'•'' ' ■ ■ ■'■"'•-'■>. 

Page 48. That- bySfn-^-Sulieirei-t Ore-'aF-^k 
nurtured and fittid foe -iieit^en as ; by 'iir^':^in^ 
tlfe: '-■,■■■■ -A -...--.:.; . ;.■!."■■■;• 

P^ 4,9. That Giljitf Biiieversfar'hk-_S^,ce 

■ in thls''^»rtd hy- leading' thtlfii'kt^'Sin.- •'-'•'• ^" 

Page J2.' That ns Onurfi' is,f^ rid'dj ia ^emm/e or 
..prevent fmful'orfertticiitts Triubte f^ 'SiHi] as'thti 
hiking uppn Gedas ihe'jiutbsr 'tf'.iti "anW-th'i Hood 

■ whiih he bringi abiuf by ki ^ Wtichy hecitiGfii is 

* rarelyi done by BelievdrSj Xiild indcM liaRliy 

* known; he therefore iMt>fe(ftth' to havfe'cnfatted 

* himfelf upon-it, and inthcfe and many "omer 
:' iilte Terms hadi fet ftirth ttlisl5ls:fph«iw>usTJ^c- 
:* trine: And ftflthef,litfcdHdeMneth'owr©rthbHo*x 

* WritePs,- for thal'tliey^aye ^nly grattte(ti'%at 
^ Got! is WiljrngSmflioutd'bej-and that he'per- 
'* inks It) lEnd-orders Ciroimftances about itS'tro- 

* duftidn^ -Mld-over-nileS'it,'and hath an Han^ m 
;* it, and, iS'lhe-AuthOFof the phyfical ormpral 
-» Aa in and iwith which SiA-i*( faying, That^ey ' 
"* hivehcrein-erred on the ether Hand, and-ftft<«> 

: * Sin more of the Creature and itfclf lefs fromOoij 
"* than it is. 

■' Befides, the main Scope' of the Bobk-isto 
-' perfuade Men not to be oppreffed or perplexed 
' in Heart hy any thing whatfoever that befalfs 

* thetii, cither in' Sin or Affliction, as if our Sa- 

* viour, when he faith, Lei not your Hearts ht 

* troubled, (for that is the Ground upon which he 

* builds) t^ad -intended to dbhort his Difcipleis from 

^ being 


■ • «/■■£- N-G L ANBV , ' V5 

:? bring troubled' for thfclrSirts: Very grrtt is both A"--»lCi».r. 

* Jhe Danger and Scapdal which would from fuclj . '**^' . 
' a^cteftable Polltibn as this arife, . if it jQiouId be j„V 

■ * fullered, without Coiitroul, to be publiOied ai\d 
'. difperfed abroad ;, cfpectaJly in fuch a Time as 
■^ this, when, on the one Rand, Multitudes malcc 
* * life of the fpccioiis Name of Liberty for a Cloak 
. * ttf Naughtihefs, and of admitting and profeffing 
'* many perverfe and Corrupt Opinions, exceeding 

* contralto th(;Gotpel of Cbrill and to the Power 
•f of GodlineJs; and,' on the other Hand, many 

* watch for our Halting, ^d glory in nothing 
' moreagainft us, than in thofe Advantages which 
-' the Weaknefs and Jr^ability of fuch as are cat- ' 

* ried about with pVery Wind of Doctrine, and 
■* are not fettled ai^d rooted in the Truth, doiji 
.*moflr unhappily niiniffer unto them J to the un- 

* %dcabie Preiitd^,te of the Church of Chrift, and 

" * c*ftru6line mat blefifcd Reformation, which i$, , 

' * by ail good Men,' fp earneffly defired.' 

-' ■ * Exceeding-dangcrbos it is unto the Soutt tjt 

* Men, both as a Mtans to' inftjll into them Blaf- 

* phemies and tinpure Conceits of the Majefty ^f 
'* ourmoft holy God,' as' alfo by woriilng them ^ 
■* ,a\flighting or.difreg^ding of Sin, and confi;- 
;*"q(iintly letting Ipqle tfae Reins t^all c«ruptai»d 

* licentious I^iving ; 'for. by how mucli the leifs 
"f the Troublfc is after^Sin committad, much 
' * the greater ufually is the Bpldnei^ of the Cony- 

* miffion of it ; andi by the Scandal hcnCe arjChg, 

* is every whit af'litat hi rcgacd qf the Of- 

* fence which is hereby given unto the Eeforme4 

* Churches ; who,' ' in their public C'"if^'fi'^"S 

* make Satan and 'Man himtelf the pMy Caufes' 
** and Authors of Sin V aiid fome of them do, iji 

* tiiofe Confeffions, by Name damn this wicked 
f Pofition ; and alfo iri regard of the greatAdvan- 

■f tages' that it givics "our common Advcrfary the 
f Papida, who have hitherto; calumnioufly only, 
; charged the Do<5trine of the Reformed Churches 
(. witlf fo odious a Crifnc ; in the mean Time ccn- 
* fc^ng. 


ji6 5fc i'<«KdM»ffl((i^ History 

kB. II Qr..i. * feffing, that we do, »n Words, doy It, as watt m 

^ ., , ^^' . * they (hemftlves j whcFEv^ flwujd this Book fce 
^y, * tolcratedi they might juIUy iari«It over MS, and 
■ . * publifh to the World, that vfiw^ in the Churib 

* of England^ jt ym Openly and impurely ni^iii. 

* Uiaed> Tkat did k the Aiaker ^ Svt -^ Oian 
< which ^erc is HOC any one Point whereby l;h«f 
''labour, in their ^ermoits and popular Orations, 
' to call a greater QdiuRit tbo* moft injiuio^fly, 

* upon the l(cfani^ed Churches. 

*■ And albeit the rcrfon nailed to be d)e ; An- 
' thor of this Book l^th beeq of , good EAif^^fion 

* for Learning Mid IH^y \ jeu if any -too 

* decpry wound the ^aour lund Tw>th of ,Qod, 

* we ought not at ;all fcx be iDy ^ny (iwh Cpfifi- 

* deiatiop with-beld frgip 'dedatrif^ our }ufl X)e- 
"* tcftatioi} of To. odious a Bookj for ta/^ Mami 
,' jeay if ,^ JnseljTom Hetnm pr*«^ anjf diing 
'^ cantrarjliflAeGtijfelofGtrifi^ the .^Vpo^ is b»< 
'* afraid' tif profiouBce hioi acatfjiii and M>4c*d 

' it J3 ^ .yf ry dwgcrous Thingi, and (b ^^uflt the 
'f inore dsii^cfouB ^r how much the more,.ardi-: 

* nary and jirual, to take up o)cw and cornyif 

* Opinions upon Truft only^ on this Inducement,, 

* a ''effu^fioh which we nave of the Sandity of 

* thofe^erfohs which arc the Authors of thfna; 

* fer liw, ought tt try the Spirits tahtther tbfj bt if' 

* Ged, and tifearch tbi Strictures tohrtbtr thtThii^i 

* tausht uyb^fo or ne; and bawag tritd all Thtngi^ 
*: ta hfld/^ ipat wbieb if g«ed i ajul, upon no Prc^ 
*■ tencc whaffovcr, to depart fijom the Yona of 

. I * found ^ords delivered unto us in the Scriptures ii 

* or, fpr the RevcrcQCfi or Eftima^ion pf anyv 

* ^{an'<> Feffon^.to entertain, any fi^ch Opinion^ 

* as df)^ in the very V^ords^f dien^ afpeiie th^ 
f Honour and Holinc^ of Qod, and are by all tbo 

'' Churcoes of Chriil rcjc&ed } fnd tbcrcfbK Diofli 

* juftly hath Authority ^po^nted Execution to b^i 
Vdone in this Manner upon this Booit. 




r..„., ^,Gt)t)^lc 

j^ E N If A W E^ ^7 

p. yamet'tf.aiaxx ever fince hU Mflfcfty Ifi^ jCn*; ^ /'_■ 

^;^ under the Care uid Opej^ of fucb' 0£- J^ 
ceri, Cbflplaiof, uid.Scnrai>Ls as the ParUstnwa^ 
tluM^t fit to' put oye( tbcm : And about tfa!^ Tim* 
it vnst that ttie Eai^ of l^rthtrnktrUiid and hu 
f^y ivere intr^fted aqthtbc Catc of thslr Mub' 
tenapce and Education, aru) hdd a Fanfion of 
.300P/. a Year alloweo them for that Sjfrrice. 
Thii was given the Earl, as the OrJinaitft expref^ 
fes. In Reoqmpence of the ^reat Iwifles he had 

iuftaincd, during this War, m the fevcal JE^atet ThtPi 

belonging to that g^eat and opulent Earldom. aiipi jooo^ pc^ 

Soon after, die Parliament affigned 5000A a^^thT^ 
Ycai for the Support and MaintCniUKe of jhe Kag'a yooi«« 
Royal Children, arid their Family, in an honour- Cliil*«B. 
able Way. - ■ .• 

y.uhf 24. The HouTes were informed that Bridge^ Bridpwitir tiAt 
fttaler was ^ken, with 2000 Prifoncrs, 800 Horic, i^^Knte farrea- 
and 36 Piecw of Cannon: Alfo that Psftifi-fle-'j^^^^r^ 

f'aftlf was funcnd«ed .tq their Forces. The 
tewardftiip of which, an Append^e to the Duchy 
of Lmmjiery was ^ivcn to .the Lord FairfaXf and 
the'Governmcnt of the'Caftle to his Son the Gc- 
icral. "The Attaclt ana Storm of Bridgtwater \% 

exprc^d in this' General's own Letter. •, .-w 

For the Right Honburahle the Lord G r k y of 
jRf>ri, S;^cakcr' of the Houfc of Piers pro 
Tempore. '" " ' ' ■ * ■ '■ ■ ' 

My Lord, ' ' ■ 

T DiJ'patched hence,. Ytjier^, Letters ta the Cmif 
^ mitUts of hath Kingioms, wbub govt feme .Ac- 
nuJtt af 'God's Ble^hg tfpen our Endeavours in the. 
Storm of Bridgewatcr. ' On Monday Morning laji 
^e gained that Part ' of the ToUit which lies en this. 
Side of the River^ and iheriin above &co Prifoners^ 
divers Oncers of ^afUy, and two Pieces of Ord^^ 
kante. The Enemy fired thai Part of the Toixin where- 
at W were, immediately after our Entrance, which, 

I..., ^,Gt)t)glc 


%^ Tht'Parlf^aeHfa^ History ' 

,A'«i!>f-"*. etidiHiied-'^ti-thafDiif'affijU neM Night i' burning ■ 

\,t^%=i "'*""' *'' '^^ ^^fih exeipl'ttvo ar'thrie: ' Tefterdayy 

Wt^ pertiivi''gfn obftiyiatfRiJitutimin the Eneny not t9 

jiel4 tht iiwn, I was forced te ufe thoji Extiemitiet 

for the Bjdiuing af it,'ioh!il> hrougbt them imme- 

diatetf to- a Parfeyi, (mS; in jhori, to yield the town 

upon m other T^emu th'sn Bare 'garter.' We entered 

the'-T'ivJil'ihij Day, Jinding' great Stores ef-Jrnu and 

■jinwiKnition, 36 Piecei of Ofdnence, ahove I pop 

Prifoners, among ft them- divers Perfins ef gr^at 

Quality, whereof Mr. Prters (an give you an /Account ^ 

J 7 11:. '■■',■ }%avi diffsjed of the Gomrftand <f the Town, for thg 

"" * " ' frefent^to Cokftel Hirch, tvheriia I douht not of 

. ". your 'Zori^tps and the Houfe of Commons Apfrobut 

tim. I remain, 

"■■ My Lord, ■ 

Julysj, 164J, T jn." ^ 

8 ft Night.,. ' , ypur Lorduup « . , 

. . .'. ' . inpit huipbje Senranti „ 

. ; ■ 7piOMAS FAIRFAX^ 

Jufy 28: A long letter 'from General, Leftey 

was read, giving an Account of the ftorming and 

taking tl)e Houie or Caftle of Cannon-Froonie, ii^ 

n* SnctcTi of Hereford/hire, bythe5«(ii with many Complaints 

^j^^'^^'' in it of want of Proviftgn ?n(l Carrjaaes fgc theip 

i ' Army, which the Country, were upwilUng to get 

them, and the Parliament's Commiffionersiji thofc 

Parts did not allift them with. The Lords ordered^ 

That this Matter be taken into Con fjdf ration, 

But theHouCe of Commons iisW a Jewel of 500/. 

Ftice to be prefented to this General, who w3^g 

Brother to the Earl of Leven,. for this and other 

good Services to the Parfiaiment. 

Thz lnjiru£tians agreed upon by Content of 
Parliament, for Commiflioners to be fent to refide 
in the Scats Army, for the better carrying on of'th« 
War, and managing the ^Sd\K of that Army^' . 
y/cre thefc : 


. 0/^ E N G ;- A N p. , 4j, 

ISsTRUCTioKa for (c) ■ , and £dwxrd -Liri Aa. »j Cic t. 
■ Mfftitagu,' SiV John Corbett, Bart. 'Humphrey '**J-' ^ j 
Sallwey', Efr, Colmitl Wiiliam Purefoy, and Ed- .jfy, 
Ward Baynton, jff/j; ' ' ' ' ,' • 

* ^tjr'I^^^ AS, by ievcral TrealUt agrepj bcr inftmakmi ftc 

* W Mfeen the two Kiingdoms, divers Things tiw EntUftCom* 

* arc to beperfonncd and done by the joint Advice "^^p, ^'^j, 

* of botii tyiiigdoms, or their Committees there-; with thit Aimy. 

* unto authonied, which cannot be fo well tranf- 

* a£led 1)ut fey thofe upon the Place : You, or any 

* thrye.of you, have therefore hereby full Power 

* and Authority given you to go to the Seals Army 

■ n<fw^in£fghind; and to advife, debate, and con-r 

* elude, with our Brethren of Scetlandf or fuch as 

■ {hall be' authorized by them thereunto i and, by 

* joint Advice with them, to put in Execution all 

* fuch Matter^ and Things concerning the well 

* Ordering, Diredting, and Difpofal of the Forces 

* brought in and employed by them for our Affift- 

* ance, as ihall be found requifite and needful, 

* from Time to Time, for the Profecmion of this ^ 
' Caufe, and the Ends exprefTed in the Covenant. 

* You IhUl do your utmoft Endeavour that the 

* Enemy be vigoroufly profccuted, and all Advany 
' tagBS vitea, for the fpeedy Ending of this Wa*. 

-' You are to do your utmoft Endeavours for the 

* continuing a good Correfpondency between the 
*.two Kin^oms, and their Forces. 

■ You are to acquaint them with the great 
^ Straits we are tn for want of Money ; and that 

* whatfoeverFailingofPayments, according to th? 
.' Trtaty, have been from hence, have not proceed- 
•■ ed from any Want of AfFcflion, or Intention 19 

* make good our Engagements. .. . ' 

» You are toacquatnt them, Thata weekly Af-i 

* fedinent is made for the Maintenance of their, 

* Army ; and that Care is taV^ for the fpeedy^ 
" Pwpient thereof. - ■ 

* That" there may be no Want of t'roviCoDs, 

* and other Neceflaries, Jor the Army, you' ar* 

'■-•-* hereby 

L.._. ^,Gt)t)^lc 

4if Parffaiiiittfary Hi S to I fr 

' ^tnhf BBthAraed U} leni WaimitSf under dd 
' H»kM of ^u, or iM three ttf jroui to tbe Coon- 
' tics of H^yftrii^ mmiHta^i W^afitir, Giamor- 
< gm, or aflT other Countiot where the Sctti Ar- 

* loiei ttuil marcbi. or a^J^"' Coundes,, as you 

* fliaB. cKtlic fit} for the fumithing PtoiiSom-, ind 

* other Neccflkries,- firf that Army; 

* And fbu are to iraU to your ASftancej and tcf 
' name and kuthorize, fUch Gentlemen and otfaen 

* in the aforefaid Counties, and fuch other Coun- 

* ties nfrherc that Army fhalt marchj as you ftlall 
' (hulk be' fuch Committeet for tnft better 

* putting oFthis /M/7ri(^t0n in due Execution : And' 

* the Committees in the fald feveral Counties an 
*. hereby required to be, from Time to Timcj aid^ 

* ing and affiJJing to you herein; 

* You arc to endeavour. That all Prpvifidns, or 

* other Neceflaries, provided by your Carc^ bC Sd 

* ordered, that Account may be made what is 

* taken ; and that the faid Provifions ihay be dit 

* counted upon The Pay of the {aid Army; 

* Yob are hereby likewlfe authoriznij as yml 

* may fee Caiife, to help the Seoti Anny wllii Rt^ 

* cruits of fuch HorfcS, upon Account, aS Ihall be* . 
" loft In the Service^ 

' * You are to ukc Care that nd Proteflion be 

* granted to any Delinquent, contrary to the Or- 
' dinahce <Jf Parliament* 

* You are further to take Care that the fcveral 

* OrJinoKtes be put in dite Execution iigainft all 

* Delinquents^ notwith(bm£ng any Prote^oa 

* whatloever. 

*" You are to acquaint, both Houfes with j^our 

* Proceeaings front Tithe to Time ; and to obfeW? 
' tluib h/lmilitnit and fuch further Dire^ons 

* as you mall receive from both Houfes of Parlia- 

* meat.* . _ 

The Houfes had been alf? a long Time in ftam-^ 

Jng InflruSibnt for a Committee to. go into Seot-^ 

inttd, ta regulate fucb Matters with theParlia- 

4 inent 


«/ BN OLAHt). . jt 

utnt dure, a* itu* thm meeffiuf to btf done. AhiiC^."!: 
AU which ace coatainal hi th» foUmtBg Artida ; 

I. ' Y^^ Jh^l forthwith teptir iflWthoICing- 
« '^ dom tif &frfaii( aid yw fioll make __ , 

* youj Addrcflu to tfao- PaiUaOKOt tbm, or any Coooi' 

* deputed hy them as fliall have Pofrer and AsAo- {ft"" 
*'iky toticatwith jmv, upiw Atch Matflet% as you ]^^ 

,■ Jiav«recnved» orflull receive, inCbtrge; and 

* to'n^btiBM in tiiat'KingdoBit as Committees or 
c-Coinntiffioaerso^ and fima tile Parliament of 

* Eitglmd: And, hanring pojiprmei)^ the Things 

* iritcrewith ytmare tntri^cd, yoit are to return 

■ and repair totbePariiamentofAy^M^ to render 

* vt Account of yoBB Eafioyaient. 
* li. 'You arc to. lee them ICBov the two Hourcs:' 

* -food, Acceptance of tfaatbrothcrly ASfiance t^ey 

* hwe receivedi from that Bongdcm j and return 

m. * You are to.kt dleoi know. That a gowl . 

* and, mutual Cemfpondency between the two 

* Kingdom^, united in^ this great Caiife by Soltrm 
*■ tt^wwadCtvmaU, is very earneOly defired by 

* both Houfet : And yo» are, to that Pur{iore, to 

■ ufe yout bcft Endeavours fM the continuing 

* i&eissfl »«^ to give the bed Satisfiiaion yod 

* can, iit all Things riiat may feem to have given 

* any Olxafioa.of Difletcace; and to ddire the 

* like from them : 
IV> *^ To zc<|uamt'tbcai with the ^^atStraltf 

* we ace in for Want of Money ; and that what- 

* fower Paymentl- from hence tuve not been made, 

* in purfuanoeoftheTrMf^, it hath not proceeded 

* fnrai any Wmt of Aaftfllcm, or Want of Inten-- 
' tioa to mike piod our Engagemeitts. 

V. * You Ihiai propofc, That the Works akna ' 
< tilrripA nay- be flighted, and the Hace dif- 
' mantleit ondtfaat- the Snfr Garriron, now in 

* G^rli/b, put in therewithout the'Confent of the 

* ParinMKHt of England, be fordtwith removed, 

* in.piu^aance of tb« ItK^ Tr§aty of both-fCing.^: 

* doms. 



La.ii(>.It VIj * y«i feall demand that Ae feveral GajfrJ^- 

'°*^'i . * ions tufi^ariuurth Caftl©,- ?7n«rau(A CaflJe, New 

' July.* ' * ^^^ "PO" ^"'i HartUpealfy Stackten CaiUe, 

' and 7%V/r«ujV Caftlc, may Be removed; beiOg- 

* placed tbere withctnt the Confent of both Houte» 

* of the Pailument of Engkmdi or their Ctxn-^ 

* mitteesi 

VII. ' You (hall iniift :upon It, That all Pro-' 

* te^ions already given to the Perfons, Goodsi or' 

* Eftatea, of any D,clinqiicnti« without the Con-' 

* fent of the Parliament of ^f^/oW^ or their Com-' 

* miDioners, be limited to .tincir juft Intentions;' 

* which ia, only for rcftramin^ of the Soldiers from 

* all Ails of Violence againn the Perfons fo pro- 

* teded} and not, extended to the Prejudice of any' 

* Ordinaace of Parliament^ or Onlfr of both or. ei- 

* ther Houfe of Parliament : And that no Prtaee- ' 
' tions be granted, or Capitulations made, wi^odt ' 

* the Confent of^the Parliament o( Englantii Xit ' 

* their Committees : And thatj ,if-any PnbtcftJoBs 
*.have or ihatl be granted or ihads ' other^nfe^ ' 
*. they fliall be held void and null. " .- ' 

VIII, ' That a Commiflion be granted tiii& ' 
*'the Great Seal, as in 1641, for the talcing 'uid' 

- * adjulling the Accompts of Yerk/hir*y of die City ' 

* and County of the City oi Torty' Northunibitlaiidt ' 

* the Borough oi Berwick uponTweedf Cumherlandf ' 

* tf^eJimBrelandy theCountyof Curiam, and Gounw" 

* of NevjcaftUy between the Seels Army and the' 
' faid feveral CounOes, arjfmg either byA&iBnertts, 

* Free-Qiiarter, Billeting, or any other Way, You ' 
» fliall offer to the Parliament 'of&rt^^, or their * 

* Committees, that they majf fend fome CcHnmif^ 

* fioncrs, if they pleafe, to {w prefent at theadjuft'-' ' 

* ing of the Accompts in tbs. feveral Counties ' 

* #bove- mentioned* ' ^ 

IX. * You fliall take Care that all .tW Artidea ' 

* of the , feveral I'reatus between the tW9 King- ' 

* dams be obferved and kept. •• ..A.i- ' 

X, ' You fliall reprefent to the Pariiament Of' 

* '_Scotland^ox their Committed or-Commiffiofiers 

* in that Behalf, all Oppreffions» Wrongs, andln.- ' 
■■."*,, I * j'*"^^ 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

^. E N G L AN D. .3J. 

.* juHo, offered contrary to the Gud Articles i and An. n cw. 1 
' defire fuch R^edy u to Jufticc {hall appertain.' . '^*- . 

The Names of thefe Commiffioners were y^J^ m^i, 
Earl of Rullami, Phiiip Lord Whman^ Sir Htnrj 
ifanfy Sir. fViUiam Jrmjii, Th§mas HalcheTy and 
Robtrt Gpathiin, Efqrs. 

7»^ 29. 1*he Earl of Nerlhtut^trlMid prefeatei 
a Paper from the Scau Commiffioners refiding in 
Lan^n, bearing Date the Day before. 

* jLT A V I N G now fecn and pcnifed the divers tIw Scom cob». 
■ "* Letters And Papers^ of great Importance, "iUionm J^fir* 
' mentioned in the Anfwer of the Honourable ^'p^™'^'',"'^ 

* Houles of Parliament to our Paptr of the zothof lutteilitKiDg. 

* yuni^ which may give Light to the future Pro- 

* ceedings of both Kingdoms I having alfo obferved 
' ths good Succefs of the Parlianjtnt s Forces iince 

* riiat Time, whereby the King and his Armies 

* are brought to a much lower Condition, which^ 

* in Divine Providence, may be a further Prcpara. 

* tion to a happy Petue j and having slfo Reafon, 

* from what we have learned in Time paft, to ap- 

* prehend that Men will not be at ReQ, but fiill be 

* dealing under-hand, a^d tampering for a Ptace 

* of their own malting, and for their own private 
' Ends, to the great. Prejudice of the Public, and 

* the further alienating of the King's Heart from a 

* fafe and well-grounded Peace^ and the delaying 

* of the Intentions of both Kingdoms ; we do, in 

* all Lameflnefs, defire, upon the Grounds and 

* Confiderations prcfented in our former Paper, to 
< know the Minds and Refotutions ofborh Houfes 

* in a Matter of fo great- Confcqucnce, as is th« 

* renewing the Defires and Propofitions of Peace, 

* in fuch Manner as fliall be thought fit, that wc 

* may make the fame known to the Parliament of 

* Stotland, now fitting, which may exp^il no Icfs 
■ from our TruO" ajid Diligence. 

By Commund of ths Commiffisnen far the Parlia- 
ment <f ScatUnd. JOHN CHIESLEY. 
This Paptr was ordered to be coir.municated to 
the Commons. 

Vol, XIV. C ACom- 

r..„ .,Gt)t)gle 

34 ^ ParXtmuntary HietoRY 

Aa. »i Cir. t A -Committee had fat a long Time on -the hoiA 
• i ''t^' -, ' ^'ih'' Letter and Lord Sovi&'t Bufmefs j but not 
Auiuft. having yet got Matter enough to report it to the 
Houfes, they now feemed to be dred of the Pur* 
fuit, for the farl of EJftx acquainted ihe Ifords 
this Day, That feveral of the Committee beii^ 
gone w going out of To«rn, the reft thpugbt Hx. to 
adjourn for Svc Weeks ; which wai agreod w. 

Augujt. There ire very few Matters in the Be- 
ginning of this Month, m the Jearmtii^ vmrih our 
Notice s except we mention that Colonel yohi LiU 
bum was now firft taken Notice of, for publifiiing. 
a. Pamphlet reRefling on the Jufticc of the Parlia- 
ment, and afpcrfing fevcral Members of the Houfe 
of ComttionB, A Man whom we Qiall have fur- 
ther Ocnfioti to mention in the Sequel; but he 
was ordered to be tried at the next Qaartcr Sef- 
Jions for thii OlFence. 

A Coafcnntt jfug, „, A Conference was held bctireen the 
HwWoTSk twoHoufei, on the Subjeftofthc laft 5«*. Paper 
about Peace j the Report of which made to the 
Iiords was, That the Houfe of Commons baS 
taken it into Confideration, and had rcfblved, that 
the good Condition the Pariiament were now in'^ 
fiiould not make them further off from defiting a 
iafe and well-grounded Peace. But bccaufe there 
had been fuch ill Succefs in the Manner of the late 
Treaties^ they had made certain Feiet to which 
they defired their Lordfhips Concurrence. 

1. * That in tiich PrapofitiaTU as ihould be next 
fent to his Majefty, for a faf& and well-grounded 
Peace^ a pofitive Anfwer fhaJl be defired froni 
bimfelf, without any Treaty. 

2. * That PropDjitims fhall be fent to his Ma- 
jefty for a fafe and well-grounded Peace. 

3. * That fuch Defires as (hall now te made to 
his Majefty for Peaces on Behalf of England or 
Ireland, {hall be prefented in Bills to him. ~ - 

4. * That tbefe Vates may be communicated to 
the Scots CotnmilConeis, and be treated on by the 




CoBWUttfe of botb KingdMn/ To all which An.«ic*r.i, 

Fetei the Lords confcnted. . '^*^- ^ 

Aug. 12. Creimveil^ by an Ordinanct of Parlia- 
mcnt* continued General of the Horfe for four 
Months longer. 

JIug. 15. Some LetUri from the Setts Army ly- 
ing before Htrtferd are entered, this Day, in the 
Lords Journals; together with two Papers from 
their CommilEoners, the one relating to the Dif- 
trefles of their Army, the other concerning the laft 
FeUifot Peace. And firfl, 

A Letter to the Committee of both Kingdoms 
at berb^-htufe : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
Tf/'E have received your Letter af the jirji ofl'cotttfmm tk« 
'^ k^xi% mdhave, according to your Defire,^^;^ 
fint a Party j«rt Northampton ; but mu/l acquaint 
yak that wt cannst conveniently hereafter, upon the 
Hie OccafionSy fend Parties fi far from us ; and 
therefore do iej^re that Order may be takeH there for 
eafing as of fuch loieg Convtrys. 

Vpin Aduertifement vf (he King's pa£ing rt< SeveWi, 
mid being the length o/vVolverhampto:], we conceived 
itv^ netej/ary, far freventMg further incMiVt»i*nceSi 
that d Party pouldbtfm from this Army to attfnd their 
.^tim ; wherefore kit aiueilency^ the Lord-General, 
hath ijfutd his Orders accordingly, and there are now 
eight iiegiments of Herfe, one Regiment of Dragoons, 
and 500 commanded Jv/ufgueteers meur.tea, upon their 
March in Purfuh of xhfe Forces. The rejl of the 
Army arefiill making their Approaches to this Place, 
foljifh is in a good Forwardnefs, whereof vm are hope- 
fiei to give you a gctd Acaunt Jhonly. 

Signed in the Name of the Conimit:ee of both 
Kiadoms reHding with the Army, by 

Your atfeaionate Friends tttd Seivants, 
From the Camp before Here- LOTHIAN, 

>-^, J^gu/i 11. 161S. J- CORBET. 

C » N«t 



36 ^ Parliamentary History \ 

A. II Cn. I. Ne*t was read a Letter to the St«ts Comma*" 
»^'- , fioners. 

Right Honourable, 
CrHE public Letter tt the CommiUee efbathK'mgi 
■^ dams will acqtiaint yeuy that we have fent a Party 
tfUorfe end Drageem after the King. The Gentle- 
men af Glamorganftiire, Monmouthflii're, and_ 
Brecknockihire, have fent fame of their Number U 
the General, to affure us that they will rife in Armt 
fir the Parliament, The Cenditiutt af our Army^ at 
«M have efien reprefmted, is extreme hard ; the 
commen Saldiers begin to hejick with eating of Fruit j 
. we have now fent away olmojl all eur Uerfe, fa that 
we want their Ajf^laHce te bring in Prifeners ; and 
therefore we dfftre you to ufe all po^ble Diligence in 
hajlening dawn to ut what Atonies are come into the 
Committees 0/ Goldfrniths-Hall ; which, if it JhaU 
not come in good Proportion, we are afraid ti think 
whatjhall be the Condition of this Army. We ajjitre 
titrfelves efyour Care herein, and that you will hafitn 
ia us mare Antmunitian ; we have fent a Copy of tin 
Paper given in by us la the Engliih CotatniJJunerSf 
end remain 

Your Lordlhips, 

afTefEionate Friend,' ' 

Then the following RtmanJIranee, fetting forth 
the Diffrcfs of tho Scott Army, prefcnted from their 
Commifiioners, was read : " 

taxnflnBcc •' "THHE prciBngNeceffities of theS«/i Armjda 

So^ fa"' * -* info"^ "' ^° repfefent, by your Lordfiiipj. 

I forth the ■ and thefe Gentlemen, to the Honourabtt; Houfes 

ireOei of tbat ( of Parliament, that, notwithftanding the whole 

"'* • four Months of the Ordinance be long finge ex- 

* fired, there is but a very fmall and inconfider- 

* able Proportion of Money, afleffed upon thcfeve- 

* ral Counties for EnterUlnment of that Army, as 
' " . * yet 


ef E N G L A N D. 57 

* yet conje in to the Committee of GoUfmiths- An. *i c«r. I. 
. ^ Hall, for Repayment of the Month's Pajr ad- . '^'' , „ ^ 

* vanced by the City of Loitden, and for fatkf^ing auiuO. 

* the Necefllties of that Anny, which ii reduced 

* to that Extremity in the prefent Service wherein 

* they are eneaged, that, without Peafe, Apples. 

* ana green Wheat they gather from the Ground, 

* they are not ahlc to fubjift: Some of the Coun- 

* ties, as Linctln and Rutland, defirc to be excu-. 

* fed, and pretend their Inability to aSbrd any PrO" 

* portion of the Money afleflcd upon them for that 

* Army, and little or none comes in from the reft 

* of the Counties. It is above a Twelvemonth, 
*. fmcc a Month's Pay was ordered by the Houfe to 

* be paid to the Sceft Army, out of the Fines and 
i Compof^tions fpr Delinquents EUates, immedi- 

* diately after the Battle of Long Mar/Jon i a good. 

* Proportion thereof is yet due, the Payment of 

* ivhich is obftru6ted ^y fcveral Ordtri procured 

* from the Houfe, fof, Payments of Monies for other . 

* Ufes, out of thgfe fines and Compofition. Our 
' earneft Defirc to the Honourable Houfe is, That 

* fome fpeedy and elFedhial Courfe be taken for 

* bringing in of the Monies due by the Counties 

* for four Months paft : That the Ordinance may 

* fpecdjty be renewed : That the Houfe wiJl be 

* pleafea to appoint the Committee of Goldfmiths- 
'■ Hallt firft to pay [he Remainder of that Month'^ 
', Pay, voted aXtn the Battle of L'ti Marfion, out 

* of the Fines and Compolitions for Delinquent! . 

* Eftatcs, notwithftanding any fubfequent Ordtn \ , 

* and to the End the cSmmit^ee qf Galdfmiths- 

* Hall may be inabled for the fpeedy payment 

* thereof, and other incident Charges, that the 

* Houfe would cpU fqr their Reports concerning 

* thofc Fines, wherein they can proceed np, furthej^. 
< without the Approbation of the Houfes.' 

- By Ccmmand of the CatwniJJioners far th» Parlia-^ 

ment of Scotland. 
A»l»a7,,6«. JOHN CHIESLEY. 

G 3 Laftly 


^^ ParUamintary History- 

Laftly a Paper from the faid CojRilu$9n^i| 
^ concerning Fropofttions for Peaei. 

HAVING received from your Lordilii|is 
fome VoUs of the Honourable Houfe's, con- 
cerning the Frepajitiam for Peace; and, aftcc 
tome conference, thereupon, being defirei by 
your Lordihips to give qUr Anfunr in Writing^ 
we hereby prefent our Thoughts, and' do o&r it 
to your Lordfliips Confideration, Wether ifwere 
not fit to fliun all Occafiotis of Delay in fendijtg^' 
the Ptopofaim of Peact to the King, left then> 
by we neg!e£t the Improvement of fo feafonaWe 
an Opportunity of obtaining Pface, as we. 
exprefted in our former PiJ/in-t ; that, W tliisEjid^ 
we are oioft rCady prefentiy ip concur wiA t^e 
Honourable Houfes, for fending to his Maiefty^ 
the Prdpajitions, either all or fome,' as they nare 
been already agreed upon in the Parliitmcnts of 
both Kingdoms, for Matter and Manner. 
*' That, until, wc underfland what prupeftttms 
arc intended by thp^orwof thcHoufes tobcnejct' 
fent, we cannot give a clear Anjwtr ,concernii)£ 
the Manner ; that if the Propofiiiim prcfcnted at . 
Uxbridg'e ' be undetftood, with any other of thqfe 
already agreed upon by both Kingdoms, whicfi,' 
upon mutual "Debate, ffiall be judged moftneccf- 
fary,ior the Peace of both Kingdoms to be now 
fent, we fliall be_ ready t& concur with the Ho- 
nourable Houfes, to defipe a poficivc Anfiver there- 
to from his Mwjefty withoutany Treaty. 
' But in cafe any new Propofitions of Peate he 
thereby underftood, or any materia] Additions to 
or Alterations of the hrmtx Propefaions, we ftiall 
be nccelEtated to fend thefe to the Kingdom of 
Scttlandt lo be there confidered and approved, as' 
all the former were : And as' it is evident that we 
are not theCaufe of this Delay, fo, that no Pre- 
judice may thereby arife to the Public, we dcfire, 
in the Interim, that thofe already agreed upon \(f 
' both Kingdoms (whichattheTimcwcre thought 


^ & N O L A N D. 39 

* -ftftciuit} sf>y be pn&nqui Ct his Majefty with **• *\^' '* 

* ail convenient. Speed. '^^' . 

* C9qcciiung the third ^<^&w of the Houfes, for Annit, 

* gicfcBting their Defires, by BUt to his M^efij ( 
*- if the Meaning be to feod the Prtpt^snt that are 

* alceifdy agreed upon. hy. the Parliaments of both 
'. Kiagaoms, and to feek the King's Maiefty's pofi- 
*■ t^ve Japutr thereunto, and together tnerewith to. 

* pr^ent Bills conformable to thofe PrapoJ^atu^ 
*, for t^Q a^ore legal fecu ring, of this Kingdom in the. 

* King's Grant of thefe Prapafithnti although wo 

* thipjF- k more lafe and coavcnient for both Kingt 
*> itftain that the Securi^ of both fiiould proceed 
*- l^nd in Hand, aoA^ jmid ft femel, be perfected 
** and conAviun^t^d ; yet if the Honourable Houfes. 

* fiiAlt infifi upon the fending fuch Bills with the 

* Prapajkittis, we aie ia farfrom giving any Occa- 
<- fipo of Delay, (for which'we are by fome unjullly 

* blamed) tha£ we -wili be ready to concur ; the 
*r Kingdom of £(^j!W fecuring us, as they did in 

* tb(! hrp- Treatjy botji in relation to the King and 
*. in, ral^tion to th^felves, as we are bound to do 
« tbe lilcp to them y and, withal, we defire. That 
S if th^fe BiKi be not ready, the fending of the 
' Prapafitipti may not be delayed,'; the Grant 
*■ whereof by his Majcfty will be an Engagement, 

* and make Way for his Affcnt to the Bius : But 
( iftheMeaqingbe tofendfi/Z/twithoutfendingthe 

* Prapa^ififs agreed .upon by both Parliaoaents, or 

* withoift defiring the King's Anfwtr thereunto, ^ 
. * then we Qiall be neceiStatcd to know the Pleafurc 

* o/ the PailjaiJient qf Setflaml concerning this new 

* Way, btfor^ we cap join in it ; and in the mean 

* Time defire the Honourable HoufU to take into 

* their ferious Confideiation, That the former Way 
^ agreed upon by both Kingdoms is laid afide, and 

* tjpc this new Way of fending ^iifi without Pra-, 

* fajitions was not thought necelpiy in any former 

* Addrels to his Majcfty for i^eace ; peither was it 
f prf^fed to us, or communicated to the Parliai 
f )P^t of S^Bti^ntij which is n9w ^joiirned, fq 


40 ite ParUamertifiry tl i s t o r'v 

*'■ * ' *^'F- ^- * that we cannot communicate the fiinic unto tRtai 

I ,,, -' *^' * fpr the prefent : TTijit it is not in the Power ©f 

July. * an.y Commiffioncrs from a Farliwient to form the 

* Propojkieni into Bills or jfSis of Parliamenl, and' 

* to delire the King's p.ab(ication thereof, before' 
♦' fuch ^illi or j£ls be known or agreed upon by the 

* Parliament itfelf j that the Way of the Propaji-' 
' tions, as they are conccivwi by both ParliamcntE,' 
*• is a Joint Way, yniting the Kingdoms in their' 
f Defires, tying the King to both ia His Grants,' 
» and obliging both to fee thefe performed and pre-" 
f fervcd,each inFavourof the other ; and fo do A' 

* double the Security, both by way of La* and' 

* wayof Covenant, and aggravates theViolarion of 

* any Article as the Violation of both Law and 

* Covenant : Whereas the Way of BiUj without' 
f the PrapeJitloKs, is a more dividing Way, both' 
' of the Defires of the Kingdoms, of \the King'i 

* jfnfzvfrs thereiint.0, and of their Obligations to 

* fee the fame performed ; and therefore a disjunc- 

* tive Way was moft earncflly prcflcd by the King's 

* Commiflioners at Uxhritige, sis moft conduciblc tcf' 

* then- Ends, and prejudicial to ours, and for that 

* Caufe was opjwfcd b.y the Ccmmiffioners of botl^ 

* Kinp;doms. , 

* That feeing the Parliament of Scetl/inJ is not 

* prefently fitting, and did know of this tVay; 

* and th^t^c cannot have Power to form Afts of 

* Pariinm?nt, thjs were to propofe and fettle thi 
*'Peac? of one Kingdom without fettling of thtf 

. • other i which, as ft were contrary to t\\cCavi~ 

, ? nar.t and to the Treaty, fo would it be made UK 

' of hy our co,mniqn 'Adverfaries, to be the Occa- 

' fion of ruining thf. Peace of both ; and therefore 

'■■ we ratlier dcfirc, that the Way already agreed 

* upon by both Kingdomsmay be obfcrvea, as thaf 

* which will occafion both leaft Dday and-lehlt 

* Danger ; crpecially feeing we are willing to crive 

* a pofitive Anfwer to the PropoJUims wiinout any 

* 7>M(ji; and for the Way of Security, wedefire 
} that the Way, fo foHdly agreed upon by both 

^ Kingdoms 


ef ENGLAND. 41 

'^'ICineiitoins for cftabKihing of die lafgeTreaty, 4«. itCk. I. 
■■.and infcrtcd in the Beginning and ClbfeoE the . "*^ . 
•-A6b of Parliaments of both Kingdoms, in jiasA 

* the Year of God 1641, may be ferioufly con- 
•■fidered, as containing a threefold Security j 

* -the one of engroffing all the PrapofiiBns, and 
*' paffingthem by way of a Law and Aft of Parlia- 

* "ment ; the other, bjr way of the King's Cove- 

* nant,and Oath to his People j the third, by the 
-* Pariiaments of both Kingdoms giring their fiill 
' AlTurance, and making public Faith in the Name 

* of- both Kingdoms refpcitively, for the true and 

* faithfi^Obfervance.thereof : All which, upon the 

* King's Grant of the PrepaJHiimi, may be fpecdily 
* * difpatchedaodfecuielyfettledjwhichisourchiefeft 

* Dcfire,fi)r the Good of both Kingdoms. 

* * And it were eamefHy to be wilhed, in a Mat- . .. 

* ter of fo tender a fixture as the Bufinefs cf Peace, 

* wherein the rautall Advice and Confent of both 

* Kingdoms is necefTarily required, 'that neither 

* Kingdom Ihould engage thcmfelves without a 
' previous Debate, efpecially in Alteration of any 
> Thing formerly agreed upon. 

By Command of the CamntiJlKneri far thefarSa- 

ment of Scotland. ' * . 

v*ur.i4..64S- JO. CHIESLEY, 

The foregoing Papers and Letters were ordered. 
to be communicated to the Houfe of Ccnnmons at 

The Parliament b^an now to think tbemfelves ' ' 
fo far out of Danger, as tO be lefs arduous in their 
Attendance on Bufinefs, asd to lit but two Days in 
a Week : For which Reafon'we Ihall be more con- 
cife in our Colle^ons from (he Jaurnak for the 

^ug. 19. The Lords, on a Petition of the Lord 
Saville and Lord Patvh, Prifoners in the Tawir, re- 
prcfenting their miferable Eftate, being deprived 
pf all they- were worth, and nothing left either 

V Google 

4«, ITbe P«]rl^tntaryl^^^o%r 

Aa.itwtL to «);■ their KwBcis's Few, ot payfor dwii-Diefty' 
. ^°*^' . thclinJs gr^qred tb« 7./.' a Week fl»ouI4il)«aJ-. 
iUpff. Jowc<^ C3ch of them* out of thwr owjii feq^efbu)^ - 
Eftac^s, fof their prefcQt MaintetuncQ. 

The fane Day iIk Anembly of Qivincs piximt- 
ed to the Loroe a vqry Iqng Memoital^ con-. 
ceroin^ tb.c Goveuuuent of their new clbtblj&ied' 
Church t which, vias to bc divided inu> Cingre^f-. 

to be gov.erned by Eldeiis, _£?'£. with mail)! othpr. 

Particulars, all too tqdipus. apd, prolix for thvfei 

liioiiirie^ which we t^^efftr^ j^ over, with &> 

Reiercnsp ""» - , - 

A Day of gubUc ThaiAfgwing was.ordcKdto 

-j^VpCur « kept for Qod's Mctqes- to, the PaiJianjewt'* 

Thank^ing Fofces in divert' Patts of tVe KingdcM^i iot tha 

Arrbit l»w gajniiig of the Towns of Bnih^ Sriiigetuate,r^ Sear- 

•^*'""^ im^ACaftlc and S*<ri«r« Caftle, alIbfoBthp.d^--. 

Pftrfiag of the £i!ce^ ^«f^ a^d t^ gpodS^ccets.iib 

Pembmkejbir&j (^c. 

^"S- ^3> A Declaraitott. was alfa paiTed againft 
, the People called Clu^ Mf^ That all Perfpas whpt, 
•ntCUb-mm fbever, who Jlial| a/iMJate or afemble tbeni^^lves 
dcchnd Tf»i- together ii;i Arms, \n ^. parts of the Kingdom, 
*** without A^tboiity of (he Parliament, are hereby de- 

clared Traytors to the Common-Wealth, and to be 
proceeded a&uii^ '^copnHng)^, 

IJl^.'v- ■''^" ^^" Several Letters from th? i^trt^yivnt 

^n^^otU^ read j one from the Lord ^"hartan, giving fome 

M bctutf ol tk« AccouBt of the '■ gre^t- Vi^^^- thf; Earl of m^ofi 

**^ had gained over the Scan Cqv.maf^ters,. ma^ GA^ 

^ffW, in Satlmd. AUb, that the Plagy© bpipg a^ 

Bdinburght the PariiaWPt there had' agreed' t« 

fend ComtniJIioners to treat with the SngS^, at 

Berwick. By thcfe Letters, Moittrafe't Victory: i^ 

feid to be complete, and that he was perfe£l Ma- 

fter of the Field hi Scatlfind; which Opporiunityi- 

if Well improved, might Ijavc been of viift Adwa(j* 

n Qmmsn Jftmli of th^ Uasth, V. alv'r 


• ^ E N G L A N Dt 45 

1^ to hk Mj^cAy*! SenJEfl m Av'of^ M it dai Aa.stCK.^' 
jKAfi>faU«Btuith«Ea4> "*fr 

, The moA sutwltl Things vbkh hstppeaed to- ^^^^ 
wands the Clob of tlua Monc^ wqtc ; A long Or^- •rrrrwi- 
lUiKt {h) (or cAablifliing the new \i'»t(koiyi «m1 
abolifliiiig the Bookof Coimoii-Pr^cf,— — Ano* 
tfacr Sox m^og (he Loni Gr^ of fVerlt, and 
WA'ni UnA»U^ £0)1 the Spealurs of thf twa 
Hou£^ Keepers -of the I^iichy Seal of Lmea- 
j8fl-.— — Sic Lvwit Divft wd Mr. C(7« Strangt- 
mays, lately taken Prifoners, being Membert of 
die. Houfc of CooKSOBs, wen brought to the Bar 
Wthat Houfo, npriinanded r«verely>y thq ^peakdr, 
and afterward, committed Prifoners to the Towtr-t, 
for High Treafon.— — The Lord SavilU, on hit 
homble Petition to t^ Lotds; and thp ConinQna 
luving nothing to fay agaiqfl it, ww bailed ; U» 
ihat acre fecms to b« an End ol that fomidaUc. 
BuJinefc. ' . 

Stptemher. This Month begins with an Order 
•f'Puliainent for a{q)otAti[^ a Day of pu^dic Hu- 
miliation and Pmfcr^ tg be tu}inb|«fl ^ tbe Mi- 
ferics of Sutland, znd to dcfirc God's Bleiling on 
the Aimy under Sk. Tbnitm Mrfix^ and" for ceaf- 
ing, of the fUgue in the Kii^donv of £i^/itWa(id 

Sept. 3. More Ititm t^aia the Parliatnent's 
Coomuffioners at Strwici, ifitimatiog^ that ScoU 
Ittnd waB in fuob Diftnu^i^Ri and tlieir Commif. 
iioneiB fo difperfed by the late fad Aqpident in that 
ICingdom, that they could not, as was delired, meet 
uBerwiei: That the 5c(tfj wanted the Alfiftance I 

of the EngUJb Armies and Councils in that Time of 
iniininent Danger^ i^c. 

At this Timcalfo the ParlJamoit in England'^^^™'^^ 
was in much Diftrefs i&c raifing Money to payfo,,^s!lf^ 
dieir numerous Forces; and the Cotnmons had DeKniiiuiii 
lent up an Or</(fxifK« for the abfolute Sale of all^'>''<='* 
^^ Dclin- 

r..„ .,Gt)t)^le 

44- J2c TarUament4oy History" 

. An. »i Of. I. DeJinqiients Eftales j and, this Diy, i Conreren(:« 
t ' *'' ^ . washcM between the two-HoufesBbouttt ;.whcre- 
Scpuokbei. '" '^^ Commons acquainted the Lords with the 
NcceJIity of r^fuig great Supplies of Money, an^ 
Which [i pit off that there was no other Way of doing it : That 
\ij the Lordt. the Eiccife was anticipated, his Majefty advanced 
towarijs Briftal, and the Forces which were march- 
ed out of LMceln/hirt could not be kept toge- 
ther without Supplies ; and there being no other 
Means left to raife any, they defired the Lords ta 
pafs this Or£nanee. The Loi^s ordered this to be 
Confidercd of th« next Day } and, in the meats 
Time, all the abfcnt Peers in Town D> be funU 
' tnoned. 

' Srpt. ^. The Lords went upon the laftBufioefs) 
. but finding it a Matter of very great Confequence,' 
rtiey again referred the further Confideration of it tb 
the eighth Inftant, and ordered their Houfe to be 
called on that Day. 

- Another Lttttr from the Lord U%artm wa* 
read, which we give in its t>wn "Wotds: 

For the Ri^t Honourable the Lord G it e v of- 
»V*,.Speakcr of the }^o\^k of Peers ^r» 

May it pleafe your Lordfliip, 

LrttCT WDcem- T ATE iafl Night toi met vfUh ike Ltrd Lancrt 

fei^uHT'^ tfni/ A/r, Meldrum, who iM w th»j wtn ap- 

^i^l^ 'tainted by the Lard Chancellery the Marquis af At- 

Biii«iiin| into gyle, and the rtftt to acquaint us how tender they 

■ fcot)>^- wire, left any Prejudice Jhould grift to our Affairs^ 

by calling away Lieulenant-General David Lellcy ; 

from whom they received a Letter that Mornings 

/rflffi Bawfry, that he had received Orders to come with 

his Horfe into Scotland,yjr Relief of that Kingdom ; 

emd that if, upon his coming away, the King's Party 

Jhould pafs into Yorkfliire, end fi Northward, 

it mi^ht not only haz-ard the fpoiling of thofe PartSy 

and getting a cmfiderable Strength there^ hut alft 



»/ EN G L A N a 4J 

fMir tit taming cf LieuUnmt'Gnural LefifffeU '**• 'A**^"* 
ttgtthir iiuififfual't and tbmgh thtir Ntctffitta ih . '^*' t 
ihtfe Parti i& inflantly rtquire a Strmgtb . tf Htrft inwrirr 
tmd Fsat te hiad tbt VMU-affeSed that are under their 
Gtnmand, aitd mof he retjed \ ytt^ unitft the Klifg't 
Farces hefeatred^ and a nnfiderahlt Strength fitm the 
South and Weft tt attend the King's Mtttmtt they 
thaught it matfifafefir them tria la have Litntenant- 
General Lefic)' nme away. 

They toere very etnuji aiitb ta that nw viauid repri~ 
Jent their fr^ejtt Candititn ta ymr fwrther Cenjidera- 
tim, in Hopes fame fpeedj Camfa nuy be taJten far 
• thtir Relief: And we bald it nr Duty te acquaint 
the Hanft htrtwithy iecaufcy upan the Xeteipt aftbtfe 
Letters fram Lieuienant-Gtneral David LeJley, U>e 
Lords thaugbtfit ta rettde fram the Opinien they fi 
earneflly prej^d the atber Day, af which wi gave an 
Auaunt in fur hft- Letter tfthe ibth Currenit with 
their Paper incUftd in it ; and theugb the Scots 
Fercety in the Tevant and Ca/iies in theft Parts, htfiits 
Berarick, mght maie a ctnfideraiU Strength ifthty 
were drawn allagether, yet we da mt perteivt any 
H^tlUmgnifs in tbtm,as yet, to mah XJfe ef theft Farces 
m that Way. 

Your Lordibip'a bumble Servant, 
•cniitk, Annft »Z, 

"6*s- P. WHARTON. 

This Letter was ordered to be communicated 
to the Houfe of Commons, with this Senfe upon 
it, * That the Lords do think fit that it be recom* 
inended to ^ Committees fent to the Parliament 
of Scotland, that they offer unto the CommiHioners 
of the Kingdom of Scotland, the withdrawing of 
their Garri&ns in the North of England, which 
thejr may employ for the Service of the faid King- 
dom of Scellaad, and that our Committees there 
take Care for the fupplying of fuch Garrifons, ai 
" jfliall be fo withdrawn, with a competent Number 
of Englijh Forces out of «he Northern alTociated, 

• . &/■ 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^le 

46 52^ TMriiamehtitry HiiT'&BY 

L Stp>, 5. The 'SeUj Commffioners fd 
XffMlMiprtfiMtccI ths foUomns Pi^to tj 

^.siOu.t J^t 5. The Smi Commffioners fdlding t» 
'**£\j XffMlM, prefidited As foUomns P-rtW- to tfec; iImA 

r- ' T* *r PO N feveni Occafians wch&ve ripfcAnt. 

* ^^ ed totheHoufesofPal'liamcatdiceKtrand 
' Wanu and NeceiEtieB of iho Suu Acmy i ml 
*■ puticularl]' «f lata ia a i>ii^ of the Seveitth «f 

* Augufiy to which we have racetved no Anfaxr. 

* Itis foorMOiManthslinoeaMoink't Pay«as 

* «rd<(«] by the Hook of CctmnKint, to be paid to 

* (hd Sms Army oat of the Fines and Compoli- 

* tions for Delinquents Eftotes, itntaeditteiy after 

* tbe- Battk of Ljeng-Marfttn } a great Proportion 

* whereof rtewitu yet duet Ud canaot be paid, by 

* reafoit IjEveral Of larr/ arepnjound frcmtbeHouft 

* in IVeiudice Oiereef, for Payment of Monies for 

< oAsrUM, ettt of tbdfe Fines and Cocnpolittoiis. . 

* It is ab«utfeven Msnlhli fincethc HoufesofPar- 

* liaQient did pafe an Oriiname^ aileffing the feve> 

* nl Counties tew«:ds 'die Eittertainracnt di that 

* Army ; of all which there is only cotx» into the 1 

* CoBHnittee of G«JijAi/^i-/fafi, about 7 or 8000/. 

* for the Repayment of the Month's Pay advanced 

* by the City oiLmdeny which is all that Army re- 

* cnved for thefe feven Months pafl ; and for the 

* Month's Pay ordered by the Houfe upoR the 

* r Jth of Aagttfty to be forthwith provided and 
' fumifhed, there is no Appearance of the provid- 

* ing^thereof till the Houfe give further Order. 

* ThcHoufes of Parliament were alfo pkafcdto 

* appoint 200 /. ptr Ditin, to bt pad towards the 

* Maintenance of the Infantry of that Anny; 

* which, though it hath been affiled by the Com- 

* mijEoners of Parliament, yet l^ath proved alto- 

* gether inefFeilual, as they themfelves have cer- 

* tified to the Houfe of Commons. We do 

* therefore again renew our former Rcquefl to the 

* Houfes, That they would be pleafed to call for 

* the Reports of the Committee of Gfli^;/Ar-/fa!4 

* concerning thofe Fic^es and Compofitions, to 

* enable the^oti for fpeedy Payment of the Kemxind^ 

4 ' er 

r..„...,,,. .,Gt)tH^lc 

< 6 3^ GL AND. 47 

*-dcTirf''tliaf]libHld(S 9tf^metl itnme8]ate)y after ' 
'» -the fisttic -Of Lmg-Mai>Jlm ; and to tJrder no . ^***''. 
'• Mttmw-to'betwfcltiy^atCoinrtikteeoutttf'tliofe „ ,^j^ 
.* Fihes »»d lOoofi^yikmst tt'l it ^^1 ^ "P^ : 
■ « Tihat «hc Mondili Pay «rdeml hy the Koafc 

** iipon-<het5ih«f jfiJ^, lofccfbtthwh1ij}rovided 
'* «nd'4iERC to the AlfOty,lit3.yiKaccbtdin^fumSii- 

* bringiiigindieMM^eSj'SllRiAdufKm ttiffewTftl 

* Counties, fer Entertainment trf' that Army. 

* Wc'aRinfomikd'tkat Ae HAufes of Pallia- 

* mCMhavsinnr InCoirfiterxtibn'died^ ofDe- 

* linquents Eftates ; and therefore have thought fit 

* toputtheHono*Kft»leHouresinMindofthefi6h - 

* Attick of thfc "TVirtrfji bMWWn ^he Ktjjgdoltoj 
« ■whewiBkwjpftMdlsd, Thitthe Strfx Arfny (hall 
■ be^podby tbefftriMnientof£»;jiM^, tmtof the 
« Eftatekof Pap)fts,Pre}atn,Mal]mIa]nt3,ahd1heir 
< AdhOmti, «r-dtff«rwHe ; "iOidbna !t ti £leariy 

* -ev«<leBt-that ttHisfller Ways for the Malntehance 
' bf Ibat Army ne fiHIed, wedefite tiat a'Stock of 

* Credit 'uul »eclirky>ttiay be fettled, b^ Ordinance 

* of Psrliaihoht, ^tAit -tof the Lands'and Eftates of 

* DrfinqucuM, fbrVayihttirofWhit isdfltto the 

* Stalt Anny ; -itiA thdt'th« Lands atid "Eftates i( 

* Dciin^ents be '*ftgBgt:^ fer no tJthet TJfe till that 

* Army receive Satis'feAton, which is now moft 

* neodffliry, ■in Regard of thereat Diftraflions of 
'^ the Kingdom of -Sttthnd ; and Wc hope the 

* Hoo^ of P«»Kariicnt will be die mart teady to 

* fnpply them, finee fhe only Quarrel die Enemy 
■ doth pretend a^nft ritat Kintdom is, the AI- 

* fiflance^Mn^ ttemtothcParliamentorfjig^ 
■• iaadJ 

By Command of tht Commffianen far the Parlia^ 

ment sf Scotland. 
s^cmi«4.i«4s. JOHN CHIESLEY. 

Sep. 8. The OrSnma for the Sale of Delin- 

ijuents El^ates was >gain reftimed ; but no more 

vlone in it than referring it to the next Day, and 

jdie Lords then ftefent ordered tb -attend. But 



4-8 The ParHamntary Hi s t^RT 

AfcBi'CM.l. from thence it was putoiF- to a. Committee oftHtf' 
. * *^' . whole HouJey who were to meet rfie next Morri- 
Stmnber. inff at Kine, o'Clock ; yet we hear' no more of 
this BuGnels for fome T™c» except that the Com- 
mons fent up, feveral Meflages todefire the Lords to 
expedite this Ordinatut : But the (kme being put off 
fmva Time to. Time, we fli Jl give fcune moft 
Letter s from Jiirvickt which were pFefciited to the 
Houfe of Lords diring-the Interval. 

For the Rt, Hon. the Lord GltEv of Work, 
Speaker of the Houle of Peeks pro TtTnpari. 

May it pleafe your Lordl^p, 

iSi'S.Sl. RT* -^f "-s: M'. •/ •» "/•' '"•' «'?■ t"r 

AonenMBci- - tveeiif wttMut dotng any thing tn tbt aujaufi 

w»tk to the ^ have, in Cbargt frem ytu j mhvithfiandiag wW 
WolUolUHt. ^, amtinualiy fitted the Ctmmttee cf Eftattt 
to have a Meeting with thafe that are apptmted by tbt 
the ParUamtnt ef Scotland ta treat with ui, toe 
tannat as yet eitain it; and tberefirey. Yefierdayy 
we vXite a Letter, (whereef I fend your Ltrdflnps 
a Capy itubfed) unto which we Save not reetived any 
tertain Anfwpr, /ave, that they teid us, theywndden- 
deavoury hy the beft Meant they eeuldy It preeure a 
Committee It meet with us asjpeedily as might it } hut 
auld not define any certain Time. 

U is confidently reported that Lteutenant-General 
I I/efley is come oh the North Side ef Tyne, with - 
fopo Horfe and Dragoons at the leaji ; and we dt 
tut hear that Montrofe Jlirs with the Body of his 
Arn^ from about Hamilton, where he flays am af- 
Jumes a Pnuier to himfelfever- that whole Kingemt, 
having fummoned a Parliament teflt down at Glaf- 
gow tl^e 10th of the next Month. 

We hear thai the Lord Ogiivy, who was lately re- 
^ iee^ed from Edinburgh, is gone with a Party of 

iiorfeinto Nithefdale, to raife Forces in thofe Parts. 
If it ivould pleafe the Houfts to find down Arms 
and Ammunition to Newcallle, for the life tf the 
Northern Countiesy (which they are in very great 
want of) they might tberehy be enabled to do the Par- 


^ EN GLAND. 4^ 

iumtnt fimt Strma. This iting all wt havi at frt- Aa>»iCir.i. 
^ U triukU ytur Ltrdfltif tuiiby I rtmaint . , ** **_^^ 

M7 Lord, " I"* * "- 

%twiA. s^. J, Your Lordfljip'i 

■Hi- ' 

mofl humUe Servant, 

P. Wharton. 

The Ltttir mendoned in the forgoing was u 

fellows : 

To the Rt. Hon, the Lord Marqui* of Aroyli* 
the Earls of Ckawford and Ljnosay, and 
the reft of the Lords, and others of tl^ Copt- 
mittce of the Ellatea ofSatioHd, 
Right Honourable, 
TE^^ di^ torite u'lHe ytur LvrdJJupi m Tuefilay AMfkm to rto 
'^ the 16th tf laft Mmthi that ft etrtaim Timt Ccmnitta iC^ 
mid Plate m^ht be appainted ftr far Meeting iurt^^M«£. 
jwUy bat have net received a»f Anjkuer at all em- '"""^ 
emung the Certatntf ef either \ this ii tie lighteeath 
Day fiae our Arrival at Berwick, vJtere we haw 
^ajed at year Defire; and ibti^b the iafi fai'Am- 
dat may have oceafieiud nuaiy DifiraSiamt lamn^ 
jetif and hitbertt prevented tur wietting^yet Uf 
doubt theft that fent la ttyeu ^lUthini the Tin/ bi» 
we have been here, witbeat any Prtgrifs in their Bu/i- 
nefs i and _fi»a, witbeui a Meetingt aur hnger Stay 
here eon be na uiiiy uftfid tayau, nar feruiceable to tbaji 
that Jilt ut, VJt have theught af adoertifing them afeur 
Return, trnlefs a fpttdy Time tf meeting be appainted^ 
vAith roe (oneeivt mayjiandwitb yjiir Lerdjhip*t Cenr 
venienty labeatBev/nckfbetau/iafyaurftrmerDeJirt, 
fir aur abiding bare. We have fent your Ler^npt " 

Copies effwa Letters, in vi^iib is included the Newt 
nv bovt by the Ptfty and fa remain. 

Your Lordlbip's moft -humble Servants, 
P. Whartoi*, 
W; Aruvh, . . 
' ^«n>ick,Strt.s, Tho. Hatcher, 

'**s* R. GogowYN. 


The Parlianmntary 'H is t<o r V 

Sept. ri, A Paper from the Srt/i Commi111«i- 

ers was read, the^Purport-of Whkh was, * ^bat 

the Lorils having defiDed that they jhould give a 

particular Jiifortnation of. th* late unhappy Blojv 

ThiStiteofthein SeotlanJ, the prcfcrit Condition there, and whit 

''"j^" WJ5 Intended to- he done with the Seoti Army be- 

■ff'tfi-W- fori-HereferJt and.tbat Party of Horfe gone under 

Lieutenaiit-Gcneral L^/iey towards Scotland, have 

'thought -fit to offer to the Canfideratidn ■ 6f ' the 

Honourable [ioufes, whether, upon this cj^rao.JTdi- 

aary Occa£on, it might tK>t ftand with tfieir Ptejl-> 

■ fiire^ That the true State of thefc Matters be repre- 

.fefltpdjit^a Brand C^ipmittee of both Houfcs ; and, 

after 3 full Underftanding of the State of that King, 

dom, ConfuUation might be taVcn for thcii;- Relief, 

to.the,j\dvantage of both.' - 

l)r^reti. That the i5«/rl'G<lnm»lfiiwer?,fl^9t^d 

->ijof^yof ' be 'heaTdT before a'Gfand Co^antittee ^ both 

'munition wcrd ssttei to be fcnt into Stttkudf tp 
'ifijjtgly'tfteSece^ies.ef.the.Sitff Army tfeeff. . 

. A Memorials^ nf.tficfe Times, vrti4in-«K l^ve . 
pot -fcefoce quoted, -tells tut ftont his owp. t^now- 
Ui^, ia) * That ft -was « this Tllpe^ha'fsi 
whether Ule King fhouMmarch^withhie-Ariji/xi^^p 
"Scfthndi which hxd been ifone, .Imt t«pp things 
prevented it : Firfti 'TiieiPlagi». wt$/l}roi(^ oyt 
there, and Multitudes died .oiF' it;..^bjc^ ra^Afi 
the King backwanil, 'and tbe'Men mor^ bafkwu^, 
'SeioTtdly, The Marqais of Aimtrrft bftviiig rputol 
^ whole Brigade of htfitfi heft Uorlc, wd cariinl 
!iH before him, wrote to his MajeA:3r,'.f)Mit-,)}e A^ 
not now want Affiftance { but was In fl^^ in -9, 
few Pays, to fend a. Body of Foot iptQ JSsi^^^ 
to his Maj^y*s AQftapce, This yver-Kraifi- 
donce.of his was his Ruin; for, on the contrary, 
liad ire samxRly preJTfid tiK King to hav« marched, 

(a) Mfnht >/ t Caveftft ttmeaitf hpfotii to be «rM tif 


gT E N <5 L A N D, ■ ^ 

•ndfelltn in with hit Hotfe, the King had done *"•■•» c«.l^ 
it, ind been abfotutcly Mafter of ScfdatiJ in a . '**^' ,,. 
Fortftigiit's Time i but Aieranfi was too confident, ^mhiW. 
and defied them alJ, til| at laft they got their 
F©rce3'togeihei,.and Le^y, with bis Forces out of 
England, worfted.bim in two or three Encounters, 
and then never left him till they drove him out of 

Sept. 15; This D37 the Lords, after many. Dl:- 
-lays, refumed the Confideration of the Ordinanct 
for the Sale of DclinqucntlEfiates; and, after long 
Debate, in a Comsiittee of the whole Ho ufe, the 
jA)rd Say and Silt- repotted. That the Seofc of tbat 
. Committee vras, That a new OrdrmnwOtavi^A be 
4rawn up for the Sale of the Lands 2nd Rov^ues 
. belonging to Archbifhops, Bifliops, Deans, Deans 
•nd Chapters, to be dnployed for the lame Ends An Ordlnnct 
and Ufes, mentioned in the Ordinaur for the Salc^^^"^^ 
<of Delinquents ElHtes ; with an £xce[Kitm t>f all j^^^^ ^^^ 
IiBpropriations and Tythcs, beli>nging to ;thietn, .as 
wCro fit to be employed for the IncrcafeandM^- 
tcnance of the MiniStry, And, in thit) fneh De- 
' linquents EUates ihoxiid be added, as that.Ho^fe 
' -ihoi^d .think fit^ A Committee offevcn Lords nas 
immediately ordered for that Purpofe, 

- Stfi. lb. Another ..£«»«- from tht ImiA ff'har- 

Jta it entered, which cairies its owA Expbuiation. 

)Par the Lord GrJet olWark, SpeakerofWw 
■ r Houfe of PBBRS;^e TtTi^e^ VcW^mii^im. 

..■ JVtay itpleafeyour.Lordfliip,. 

/N my laji I certified yaur LorJJhip, that Luuie- f^ j^fn„ tnm 
. , . nant^GentrTil Lafle«- had am an ih«. NtHh Side tbt committt* 
- Tyne with 5000 Jiirfi and Dragmm ; he b^h ^^',^°^^i, 
' Jipre puj^d 'the Tweed, and, m Saturday the ,()th ^aic d tain* 

■if this InftatU^ ieft a Rendtw^out at Hare-Law, tti««- 

': if^M tbret A^Us within thi Bordtrs , if. Scothod, 

.with tight "ReginuKis »/, Herfi,-. '«ne .^f. JMig^vtit 

Jtw mtvmd. .Miifsu<irerti .and *oo . em^iamied 

P a Men 


The Parliametttofy History 

• AAn frm Ncwcaftle, compiaed in all t» h Mwen 
5 and booo. Wt hear the grtateft Part ef them it 

■ iMv abeut Dunfe, and Montrole is abeut OrmifloQ ' 
ffecd u/ithin two AiiUi s^Haddington. 

The Earl af Roxborough and Lord Home wtrt 
Yejiirday, the gtb of thit Injiata, brought Prifiiuri 
inie Berwicic uftan SufpttioH^ er Jemt Difcgvery, ef 
their balding Intelligence with Montrofc. 

ffe hadfewral Meetings on Thurfday and Friday 
lafl, withthe Committee of four Lards and Mr, 
Robert Mcldrum, who were appointed hf the Com- 
mittee if Eftalei to treat with us ; but tipon Difiuf- 

. fkn ef their Powers, it not being found that tbty 
Viert enabled to treat, we could r.»t at all pro- 

■ teed in the Bufinefs wt have in Charge from jott ; 

' butf at our pattingf their Lord^lpi again- unani-^ 
moii/ly, a/^red us, that, ^/itbin two or three Days, 
they Jhould have the Commiffion from thf lafl Par- 
Uamttst to ibt particular Ctmmiffioners appotnled t» 
treat vnth us, and a ^orum of that Number, wba 
tnigbt forthwith enter into a Treaty with us^ 'in 

- Mxpe£tation whereof we have waited satte thit iXfy, 
ka as. y^ bear noAing from them ; and have theft- 
fare thought ft t» difpatch a Meffengtr on purfoft ttu 

■ Day, to. their Lordjbips, again to foUicit a frefint 

We conceive it neceffary to put th$ Haufes in mind, 
thai the -DireiEtary and Oidininctyw laAlng'aivay 
the Comnfon Prayer be fptedtly fmt damn into tbtfi 
Nrathern Counties ; for want of which the Conmn 
: Prayer-Booi is _ftm made life, in tkai^- ' P-USet^ 
and the tnaUgnapt Party take Advantage thereby ia 
engage the Affeifion ef the People t^, their ^nted 
fuperjiitiaui Obfervance of it, md negle^- of phacbf 
■ ing. '■■■■■■.. -^ 

H^e have received Information from Wefttnort* 
landj that the Weli-affeHed there are mUcb- d'f<*i' 
raged, by the leaving out divers of the mtfi bonifls^i 
03ive Committee-men in the lat4 Ordinance^r jlA* 
Affidatim; which has occaponed a Deain^ and 
Jnterrupiicm of moji Bufinefs for the Pnblick Ser^ce 
fn that County. The Perfom:^ptd to be addedXM 

■' ■ ' r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

./ENGL AND. 53 

tht CommiUtt there are., Mr, George BetHbn, Aa.nCif.f. 
Richard Brifcoe, Thomas Sanders, John Archer, '^*^' , 
Robert Mofon, John Garnet, Matthew Atltinron, 
oWEdward Hindc j which, an the gredte/f Importu- 
nity ef fimt very well-affeSled in thai Caunty, tot 
take the Bvldnifi to refiefenl te the Haufe an their 
Behalf t becaufi we have ferfe^ Infernulian that 
thn may be very uftftil in that County. This it alt 
/Save t» trniile your Ltrii/bip mth^at frtfentt and 

Your Lordfliipe inoft humble Servantj 
Btnrtck, Safc ia» 

i64S- P. WHARTON. 

This Letter was ordered to be communicated to 
the Houfe of Conunons, with a Recommendation 
Aat the DireHary and Ordinance may be fcnt as 
b dcfired ; and that the Perfons named may be 
added to the Committee ) and accordingly a McC> 
&ge was prefcntly lent down by Sir Edward Leech 
aad Mr. Pa^e, 

Sept. 19, Tlic Leiteri of this Day give an am- 
ple Account of the diftrelTed State of the King's 
A^Fs, both in Scotland and England. Thefirft 
was as follows : 

For the Rt Hon. the hotA Grey of ^<(r*. 
Speaker of the Houfe of Psers pra Tett^e. ' 

Right Honourable, 
p/JI James Hacket this Day camt to at Jrm '^ADMhw.nUdi^ 
■^ Scots Army, and made a Reptrtefa Fight ri6ff/i ViftMjobtu^ 
Aafftned between Lieutenant-Gerural LcBcv'b ^'^"'^'^^ 
mtUiAoatToCe, at a Place near SclkiTltt ahoiit twentf-pS^iiaMU 
fie Afilti from this Tawn ; where G»dy of hit- 
grtat flSmyt appeared mightily for ul. Tliey JtiUed- 
end titi Prifoners 1200 Fatt, and put all the Irife 
ta the Sward, They charged the Enepty withfttir .^ 

Mt^ Hvrfe, and faitu eammanded H^fe tf . ,/ 
C^W3tidkleton'9, the r^ af their Bad; ieittg near 
tktmi- but nai engaged. One. Thing wai ,very re- 
■ DU ■ tobrkabUf 


{4' 7^f Parliamentary HisTOny 

Ao.»iC«.l. m^kablt, that the Earl of Lanerk {hit Regtmefd 
^ ' *5" . bcins one ofthofi that charged) took Sir Robert Spotif- 
^.tenber. wood, his Su'cci^r, Prifoner, an/I, in his Pociet^ ' tht ' 
Seel the King taok from him, Jo that he is new foffejfei 
of it again^ Montrofc is fied tswards the Hillt 
with his Horfe, and turs in Purfuit of them. At 
mare Particulars mnu to our Hands IJhall advifiysu^. 
and fi reft 

Your LoTfHhip's 

Mod humble Servanta 
Berwick, Sept. 11, 

i«45- P. WHARTON. 

Wftol Hken by The Other Letters were from GcdcpJ Fairfax, 
<i.fa»i F«.f»..^ijj, ^^ Account of his taking Sriflot, and a long- 
Narrative of the Proceedings therein. This Let- 
ter was direfled to the Speaker of the Houfe, of 
Lprds ; but is almoft verbatim the lainc with ano- 
ther fcnt from Cromwell, at the lani<: Time, .to the 
Speaker of the Commons,' and is printed in RMft>- \ 
tvorthy along with the Articles ofRcadition (-*). ' 

A Member of the Houfe of Peers having now 
lain a long Time under Confinement, for. a 
Charge o? High Treafon from the Commons, the 
Lords, this Day, remonftrated to them, by Mef- 
jue, ^Tiiat they could not, in Juftice, detain him 
any longer from his Scat in Parliament^ (being 
committed yuly 13, 1644) and therefore flioulj 
icAore him to it on the 27th liiftant, unle&the'y 
da.reccine further Caule fnmi the Commons to tho 
, i i:o«rary.'; To which the Commons anTwer^d^ 
- . *,Tha;t in regard a Msmber of their Hpufe was ■ 
'out of Town, who bad all the Papers relating to 
'"i^pxi.Itiiufdpp's Affair, they, defired a Fortni^t's 
nion:.'.l'im,e than their LonUhip's had ^pointe4** 
Af^d to. ■ .,'■:- 

■•^tf^r. '$^t.23. The chief Bufinefs tbi? Dajr^ in tb» 
*" H(wlc.ofLords,wai reading of the followiiig. Xl- . 

,r..„ ^,Gt)tH^le 

t«ff Aom the Mrtji, which their Speaker acquaintej Ab.IiGm.I* _ 
them he had received from the Lord fVbarten aX . "^^' ^ 
Serwici, with divers Papert Indofed ; Stptcmbcfi 

For the Right Honourable the Lord Orey ot 
H^ari, Speaker of the HouTe of PisRa pra 
TtmptrtjM mjiminfttr. 

May it pleafe your Lordihlpi 
fStndyeU here intbftd tht Copy sf ear Letter, c/ 
^ ihe \aih «/" Scptcmber» ta the Cammitlee ofEflatet 
9^ScotIand, with their Anfwcr ef the lyh, bj tbt 
tvhicb ytur Lirdfiiip may perceive that there U yet na 
tertain tinu appointed for eur Meeting, 

We hoot received a Letter fram Sir Wilfrid 
Law&n, of tie 1 otb of this Infiant, by which vit 
- are infarmti^ that, ftnte the Rttreat »f the Scots 
R^ls from the CohJitus tf Cumberland, the Com- 
mittee there have thought ft to difmifs their Regimental ' 
J^orces, and apply fhem/ehiei only to the ereSing of 
their Proportions of the new Model, which they ton- 
teive it all they are aile to bear^ or ere enabled to 
charge upon that County ; unto which we have returned , 
the inclefed Anfwer, and dtjrre that the PUafurt of tfjt 
Haufes may be known therein as fpeedilj as may bet 
Having nothing life to. trouble your Lordfilp with at 
prefitUy I remain, . 

Your LenKhip's 

1*45* Moft bumble Servant, ., 

,.,,.. P. WHARTON.. 

P. "S; T wrote on Ssftif ftf Jy, if ffir Jaijies Ha'cket, 
iff the yiaory our Brethreh'f FWCer had 'that Day 
again/i Montrofe, near Selkirk. Mr. '&oe,,,wlv 
VMS upon the Pla(e,_ returned to lis Tejierday Mornings 
^to^rmi^ihtReiamii/thatfi^ry. . r. 

■ ■ ■. 'D*4- ■■ . ThA 


56 The FarKamentary HiSTtfRY 

Kb. »i Cn. I. The tetttr to the Committee of Eftates of Seft- 
. *^^' , land, referred to in the above, was as foUows j 


For the Right Honourable the Lord Marquis of 
Arcyle, the Earls of Crawford and LitiD* 
EAY, and the refl of the Commiffioners of the 
Eftates of Scotland. 

Right Honourable, 
Tf^E did expeit, atcerJtng to the Dlfiourfi we hoi , 
_ with your Lsrdjhipi at ou^ lafi Mteting, U have ' 
ftm the CammiJJiDn from jour Parliatnent, and a 
Quorum o/CernmtJ^re'i io have treated with us ; but 
the Time being nozu elapfed, and hearing nothing fi-wm 
' your LoT^ips concerning that Matter, we thongbt fit 
to difpateh this Exprefi untoyta, with our eameft Dt- 
Jires that your Lordjhipt would refohve us what we may 
rely on ; the rather, becaufe we under/land our Jielum 
hjbortly tupeSfed, We inireat your Lord^pj Aatv/a 
by this Bearer, and reft 

Your Honours truly and affeflionate. ■ 

Scnrick. Srpl. 10, 

' S4S* Friends and Servants, 


The Anfwir of the Cooimittee of the Eftatea of 

Scatland to the above : • ' - 

for the Right Honourable the CoMMlstioNEKl 
from die Honourable Houfes of Parlv^uSHt 
of Eng/and, at Btrwtei, 

Right Honourable, - ." 

n*HE Condition ef Affairt hath heen fiich, and \ 
•* we have heen fo much taken up in tM ParfuH 
efiht Ribeb thefe feveral Pays pafty that wt could 
not^ without the Loft of much Time, find any Lei- 
fttri to attend eiif Bufhufs with jtu. The Lord 


«f E N G L A N D. 57 

iiiiavf made wr EnJeawwifi pnAfntaftkatwt ^*'**^'''^ 

mr€cm^dentthil0iu»ftbii Day uM fiiih mate M» . '***' ^ 
fir all »ur D*Uy, omdyMir Patitmt. ti-rni-, 

1/ this GentUmoHy thi Btarer, bad attfitm and 
him an Eyt-Witntfi tf aUtht Gud vAith God hath 
imt far »f , tiw vHmU havt mad* jm a partiaiiat 
AccotiMt tf the faural Paffagttaf thit Daft VtSn-jt 
ffe are fi eamejlly and ntujjarilf empUyed attOt 
dv Pur/ait if the FiSerft and mating Difpatchei, 
liat vie eannet mail a perftS ^fypsintmemt ; but, 
G»d willing, after gaed Cturfe aid Order fitaU ba 
tahn vxtb the Difpauhet tut have in, Hand^ it Jbatt 
be 9ur Care te attend np»n ^w Honateri, and moE* 
fime Pragrefs in the Ckmmtffiiit vaheremtb yen art 

ff^e remit te yen f make what VJe »f iba t»- 
tdligemce frem the Bearer feemsftteft t$ yen, H^t . 
jhaujiia^ nttlui^mare tban tt,^nu turfehet 

ryKplm^, s«pt. 1 J, Your Hoooun 

Very aflUred Friends. , 

and Senrantt* 






A Lmtr from the Conunittcc of boUi Houfia 
at Bermdc. 

. To our worthjr Frienda, the Coumissioniks of 

ihe Coun^ of CwK^/nu^, at Ptmtb, 

Gentlemen,- ,...■• 
XKr£ mderfiand by Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, f&<« 
'^ jwa have ibaagUp U ^fmift ynr Re^mntd 
fartet. We art afOfini»n.yu,tmgbt da weS tt, 
(*ftW tbem'tiU m Pteafwf a/ tbt Hm^ wire . ^^ '■',■■ 
kitwf i ' wbidtf «w ^fWt wiU be mtbin a few ,.','': ,'.!.. 

:. : ^ - " ih*» 

1...,.: ^,Gt)t)gle 

$9 The Parfiammi^-'Hi sTon^ 

4»,*iCuA. Daytf beeaitfe vut Jhall dcquaint thetn with iljhm- 

, '°*5' />en(e ; and though it hath pUafed God to drive awaf 

gnfKmbu. '^' Storm fromyou atthfprtfint,yetyotiinoioMt hpw 

Jhon it fnay rttum, Wi leave (o jwar *mw Catifidera- 

tien t» do that iuhich is heft for tbt Good andSufity if 

ytar Cmtilry,andr^ 

Your very loving Friends, 


Sept.- 26. A very ertraordinary Letter, fent frbiB ■ 
Sir thomns'Fenrfax to the Commiffioners of both 
Kingdoms^ -nrss read to the Lordsj with oiu inclofed . 
in it fro^ the Prince, of Wales, 

FttrtheCOMMlTTXEof btJth ICingdoma at Dtrhj- 


My Lords and Gentlemen, - , , 

AUMfioB Z/^S. Hiihn^ the Prince of Wales havil^ fint 

mtThanmrai' ■** ff/g^ by his Thottpet, this inclofed Letter, whicH 

W^Mdofioi dath.exprtfs what he iefires from ioth Houfes of 

Parliawunl, I thought it my Duty, by yattr Lqr^finps 

JUtansi to acquaint them with it,, and not to. hinder 

thi hopeful Slojfom of your young Peate-Maier j 

(if I^tdy be fa bold here to term himfo) which may 

frbv'e a -Fhwtx in hii Title mafi gJortoifs aidfweft t9 

xs tbarftherefi of Us Antefiors, if, it pleafe the l^rd 

ti create Peace by him. I fhalV difti-e to KOate'your 

Lor4/hiptfsrtbrr PUafure in ihisy which Jhall bf ob~ 

fefvtdhj " ' . ■ ' - ■ . ■ . .^ 

Your Lordfliip humble Servant* 

The Prince's Ittltr^ >raj ^ ftUp'Si^SV " ^ 

JPoASbtTIFI©:** J18-.T-A*»«*Xii »-;• "^^ 
Om ta Ua Gm M?'-^ !k^, detp^ «:/en]».i^'^ -^^ip* ^^^^jlW?.^ 
••iiV«rMct.^;^jj^j^,j ^^j gamiJUj- pray fir to Almghtj Go2^ 


*/* E N G L A N D. s^ 

Siatt that he touild h pieafid ft refitrt tmtt !t d"A*.»iO«.» 
l>eipf>j Peace j Mid we JbeuU think it a great BteJ^/ig . '^*' . 
if Ged vp»n w, if we might be fa hoppf « ft, 
he an Injirumeni in the advancing 6f it : And there- 
fare we have refihed t» fend Hoa ^ tur Ctimdt 
unto the King, air Father, with fame fuch Over-', 
tures as we are hopeful may ttnduce thereunto ; tmd 
do hereby deftii yau ft find, ar pricure /rem l&c 
Lords and Commons ajfimbUd in Parliament at 
Wcftminftcr, a Safe-Condua for the LtrdUa^toOt 
Mid the Lord Colepcper, with twelve Servants, ft 
gt te our Royal Father, and ft return to us ; ami 
vie fhall then manifefi to the fferld our mo/1 eanufi 
Dejires to Hop this ijjiie of Bhtd, which mu/i tther- 
wtfe, in a littie Timty render this smbappj Land ftl 
foore tniferoble. 

Given a.t our Court at Extter this 15th Day of 

September 1645. . 


Hereupon it wa« ordered. That the Prince's Wbkk m m>. 
Letter and that of Sir ^Thotitas Fairfax he recom-^™*^"* 
mended to the Committee of both Kingdoou, ^1^^^^,^ 
and to he communicated to the Scets Commif- 
fioners ; and that the faid Committee talce the 
faid Letters into prefent Confidcration, and reCura 
their Scnfe to both Houfcs reTpe^veljr with aU 
convenient Speed ; and that the Concurrence of 
the Commons he deTircd. Thcfe Lttttri were IVot 
down to that Iloufe accordingly. 

Bepu 27. More Litters from the Mr/^ were read. 

For the Lord GREar of /^^/, Speaker of die 
Hoafe of Pbbrs pro Tempore, at IVeftsmtfttr,' 
Tbeli). HidmbflejPoftHafte. 

P. Whartos. 

May it pleafe yowLordOip,' tMntHmtte' 

JHape her^n fint your Lord/hip Copi/s cfjiirt «/SSft£l?^ 
** tbt iSth ii the Lords i6f ^QOt\3Jid. ^inm/conccTaiatdw - 
nttwhat we touidShatu done more tifim we have for^"^^^""'^^- 
»M^iig.; endjeif by tbar Aatviii-w/lhdM^^'^i^SZ 
- '- fiirt]^ 


6or The Parliammtary H 1 8 t o r r 

"** V.^*' ^' /'"'tf'*'' ^"goi""**" fi^ t^' Ceriointj of iht Time, 
. '^^' _j than v)i htn't divers Times had, which bithtrU bath __ 
nst fyaeeiied. This hath stcafionti us ti ga ta N«w- 
cafile and the Ctunliei adjacent, there la da the heft 
Service we may. And we have fent a Difpatch thit 
Bej W the Scots Lards, which IJhall net needto repeat, 
htcaufe it is here inclafed. Vpen thefe Viuertaiitties 
Weftand, andfl^U expeit the Commands af the Hauft 
Atutrning aur langer Stay ar Return, which is ml 
baiit atprefent la trouble yau with, end reft. 

Your Lordfiiip's bumble Semnt, 

Betwick, ScMi xti 

i«4j. P.WHARTON. 

The Lrttert to the Lords of Salland, rcTcrred to 
lo the foregoing : 

For the Right Honourable the Lord Marquis of 
Arcyle, the EaHs of Crawford and Lihd- 
SAT, and, the reft of the Committee of the 
Eftates of Scetland. 

Right Honourable,' 
Tf^S have, this Day, hy an Exprefs fi'am Lon- 
^^ don, received the goad News af the Lard- 
GmeraPs taking Briftol, the Particulars we tranfmit 
taHa , yaur Lardjhips here inclafed, having likewife a 
CenSrmatitn tbereafby ather Letters. 

■ fVt have tbaught ft, after fa lang Stay here upan 
ymr Lard/hips Deftres, ta difpatch this Bearer pttrpoft- 
fy unto jeu, _ that we may have afpeedy Meeting with 
tiufe appointed hy the Parliament c/* Scotland ta treat 
wtth us i otbervufe we intind-, fime Time 'jbie neat 
H^eet, ta take aur faunuit Southward, af which Wt 
have thsugbtfit tegivtyaurfyr^ipt^tke, gndre/t 

YourLoidfitips ' 
*S4fc . ■ Truly affcfliooate Friends,; - 
THO^. HATCHER.,. . H..VANE. . . 


r..„., ^,Gt)t)gle 


■ Right Honourable, * 

A FTE R fa mmj tanefl Ltttert md Dtfira U , 
«" yowr Ltrd/bipi^jtr aCtriaintj afTlmt of Mtetittgy ■ 
find ft mawf Ltttert aiui Pramijei fifn jm, frant 
Tim* U Timt, that it jkndd be within few Dayt, 
vie bad vstll hiptd that fome Daj thit fretk, whiet 
i% the fixth jinee tair coming hither, wepeuldbaw hod 
a Abetting j and the tatber, becaufe we gaw' yau 
f^ptiety ik »ur laji, of tur Rtfilidion te take e'ur 
Joumiti Southwards, if fucb Meeting were n»t 
Jpitdy ; but, bj year .Lartyhipt hfi, we find nt 
Prababilitj »f any thit IVetkt nar any Time offer 
affignid when, ^ thai it ii left ai ntueh at largt 
ai ever i This hath tctafiantd ui to repair ta New- 
caflle and the adjacent Cauntiei, there ta da what 
Servia we can in this Interim; and we havt Ugain, 
fent this Mejfenger to your Lardfiiips, with aur eameft 

■ Defire that' Joii would give us a Afeeting hert 
fnrucertain Day the next ft^eei, or fioHer, tf paf- 
fifU'i acfording ta which Appaintment we Jball nal 
fail, GadwilitngfOt the Day md Haw pppmnted, 
It attend fuch at are autherixed by the Parliameiit 

' «^ficot]and' If treat and ■tantlvde -with ns : Andy iif 

■ the mean Time, we ^fireyaur Lardfinpj la Jend ut a 
Copy of the CemmJjUny granted by the Parliamenl 

■ ^Scotland, npin nccafun of' am i'eing fini to them 
jrsm the Parliament if England j whnh we defira 
Ai rathei* ta fee, betauji we have fitewed yoa «(r 

.' Commijfiony and fir th^ yaur Lardjhip wanied 
Pnuer at ear Iqft Meeting, ctAirary to- your non £x- 
-peSatiam ; and that it then •rtmained doubtful ta, your 
Lerdjhipsy in whom the caiiclufitie Prater was lodged, 
wf^b it behoVeth us ta inaw before we enter upsh tha 
Treaty f As we /hall receive Satltfaifion fremyour 
Lerdjhips as ta the Time ^Meeting and the Piwef 
of the Camsniffkn^ we fhau ^ccorSngly difpife Jifvur~ 

' fetvesy Und'rlfi ■ ■ -■ -, ' 

' Bv^itkiSttca*, YwirLotdftip? ■ ' 

'•45' ' Tnily sffaSHotaiti Friettiu 

P. WWARTQN.' '■ ' 



' ' ■ ' Sept. 

, ^^GptH^le 

6s ^P^/iaaet0a/y Hut 6HY 

An. ai Ctr, L S^pt, 29. An Account came of a fignai ViSof^ 
. ' *^' . gained by General PuittXy over the King's Forces 
~Sa>tciiiiici. near CAg^w, which runs thus: 

K.mrittof Ge-* * Bout the i8th cX jbigufl laft the King, with 

^^ao'^^a'iti*' *^ about 400 HocTe aad Dragoons, advanced 

King"! ForcB ' into Tarkjb'tre. 

■cuCkOti. * The igth.ColonelJZo^rw^f Horfecameupto 

* General Ptintz. 

* TTie 21ft they j.oined ^trith the Sests and Cbe- 
« /5»r* Horfe j but a Day's Reft the Scots Hoffe 

. * would have. 

* The next Day all marched j but the King gpt 

* ^ that Means a Day's. Retreat before, whom 

* General Peinn:} according to hisOrd^ frqmtbe 

* Committee of both Kingdoms, through maijy 

* Difficu'ti^ purlued abov^ 3PO Miles, not rdjt- 
. * ing above a Day in any Plape ; the Knowledge 

* of the King's Advance fpr the Relief otChtfier 
. * Deing the only certain Intelligence he lecciv^of 

* Ins Motion, he marched Daytuid Nig^t 

* there before him, and took in a ilroqg Houf? ,w^ 
f a 0rawbridge, moated, (which flood inthe;W»y 

* <X his March and- oppc^ed him) in tels, ^an fut 

* Hour's Space. •, ' 

* After,a very hard March all Njghtj/pfi- ibe 

* ajth of this Inftant, in the Morning, hi^ Vi^-* 

* Couriers difcovcnd the finemy on-a Mpor,wiui- 

* in two Miles oiChe^y called Re^n-Meori 
,.* whereupon immediately he dmv'into Qr^er^v^ 

* adwmced upon him* tho* all his Korqes were not 

* then come up ; for he fuppofed to take the Etie- 
. * iny at upawares, it b^g probable tbey [could 

* Intelligence of, his bcit^ fo near, .thtv* it 
. * pipyed 9therwife I for bis LeCtf rsj , wiittea ^at 

* ^i^t to the CQinij^ai^r wthin the QtttrLtaea 

* oiCheftiTf giving Notice of his AdViW^^, were 

* intercepted ; a^d thtt J^m^y being jioliefled of 

* -tbc^ ,Ad)nant^e of Grisiind, and in-'OMer, coa- 
^ fronted our Vvi,. IplhjiPfl'- H>'i^ Bethel, in tha 

* midft of alj|me betwiTct two Moors, torV^i^ fflth 

« liAf an^cd Me» of i]«itb B^totoia, . vliiar« -vr» £1 • 
• vea 


if E NG L AN-e. •<} 

-• Ten a Tcry flilrp and gallant Chsrge by borti**-*'^*'* 
-• Parties; for rficr Piftolswercdirchargedat Half- ■ '^^' ^ 

* Pike's Diflance, they difputed the Matter with Tijnrtii 

* tbeir 'Swords a Quarter of an Iloui'jneitheryielJ- 
' ing Ground to the other, till at length the Ene- 
-* my wert-forced toretreat ; whom our Men pur- 

* Aiiag -were re-encountered by a f refh Rcfcrveat 
:* the.La»c's Month, 9nd were difconiAted there, as 

* aJfo again by another Refetve ; but the Enemy, 
' being- overpowered in the End, Wefe^fcA<ced to re- 
'* treat : diro' the Lane, uncapable of receiving any 
" fuctber Support, Here we bad fome Lofs, the 

* -SmSmypiirfuing'the'Lane's^nd; but were beaten 
.* bank, for there was 'Space for our Refervcs to 

* f^vance. Co], Bahell and Col. Greaves were 

* then fore wounded. 

■'After this, itbe Gonerat piroeiv^ng (hat the 
■•Enemy lay upon his Advantage, and6nly(kir. 
T<.inilh(fd him withiffMiie 'flying Psnties, while He 
' Ihdd •Cotre^ndfeoflc with his Ffiends in Gh^Jiir 
1* Suburbs, WhofciSignwus^hcDilchargc of two v 
-• Pieces cf OrdnanCt '^HiatiitheywouliajTue out 
!*. with HoHe.and ^Foot 'to. join *iih ijlisi j upon 
** ti\dc appearing the Enemy quittfti' their -Station, 
' wd die General, with a Party,' ad^ftnced to take 
f sthc mnft oonvenient Grounds, • giving Command 
.*:.« Col..^^w,?Q«aher-ft^tift81-GeHerttI of th'o 
^ijArmy, ano'-.Cdl. 'A'ei«t/)ij, (wbo performed the 
f .iDut^ of' GommiSary-Gcneii^f -^ HoTfe during 
.' tbe.afarB&jd Mireh, 'baing th«n 'employed to^e 
''i^uoituiiittiee of. both \Kingdonw) to-ordw '^ Ae 
f* reft, which rvSBSi^ortunely 4k>hei for they 
■f roined with the. Aiociliary FdrcBs of Horle and 
ff.^Fpot ini{he£^itiy'b Ground^ a«d *ere drawn 
*-'itttD m'ahy fm^ DivtJionB and Keferves, being 
'.nouch ovftviBitiiBer^ by the 'Enemy, who ac- 
' counted themfelves 5000 Horie^ and GeneraJ 
' pBthtfi Dot d>Mre'Z5oo Horfet belidts two fmall 
f Bodies of FDat,.wfao were diipof?^ in die two 
' outmoft Intervals of tJoHe. 
:- * . Upon the. very Inftant of tiris JunAl^ the £• 

* nem^ advanced, tritta -tfwu iriiole Body, aadtho 
- .. . ' ' * General 

r..„ ,Gt)tH^le " 

64 'fhe Parliamentary H i s t or r 

.A*, ii Or, I. * General* leaving Charge of the Referve to Co- - 
^ , ''*5- . < loncl Par/em, took Care of and led up the Van- 
JScmaim. D'vifio"'S; with which, after a round Volly of 
' Shot from the Foot, be jcnned Battle, charging 

* the Enemy in Front and Flank where his Horle 
' was deeply wounded in the Head ; but being coii< 

* tinually feconded with Reforves, as often a« thei'e 

* was Occafion, the reft being kept entire and 

* following at a due Pi^ancc, at length fo prevail- 

* ed that the General put the Enemy to a. total 

* Rout : And although the Purfuit was as hot da 

* could, be expected from fuch wearied Uorfe, thro* 

* narrow dirty Lanes, and over Ditches, the Enemy 

* rallied, on a great -Moor-fide a^Chtfier^ in twb 

* vaft Bodies a great Diftance afundcr. The firft, 

* not without ?ome Difpute, were again routed^ 

* and the other likewife, who retreated upon the 

* WanaUk Regiment with fuch Violence, as bore 

* them away confufedlv, intermixt with the fiyiifg 
f £nei|iy, up to the Out-works of the Subufbi, 
.* The Mufqueteers within were not le{ii liberal of 

* their Gun-fliot [ but the Divine Providence ap- 

* peared-much in the Diftribution of the impartial 
^ Bullets, few or none lighting upon our Men, tho# 

* many of the Enemy were fouijd tbsre expiring. ' 
* A Body of Horfe, all the while of thefc laft 

« Difpotes, ;45)carcd ftxed on the Top of a Hilf, 

* a little DiilUice on that Side GUifltr wherein' thb 
.* King WW very confidently reported to be; lot 
? confronting whereof a Party of Foot, winged with 
i <Sa. L,jdcM and Col. Bfthell'i Regiments, wert 
.* dfawri into k conveitient CJofe. at the Bottom, aH 
f a er^d Referve i bpt the Night by this Tim* 

* falling, the Bo4y on the Hill appeared not, anJl 
, * thofe in the Bottom returnt^d t6 their Comrades, 

y fatiated w^th the Slaught^, Prifoaers, and Booty 

* of the vanquiQted Enemy. 

' » \yhiie tiicfeiThings were thus agitated in th* 

* Field, the Rcmainderof Foot, left with Colonel 

* Lovjther in the Sub«rbtj,were Jiot idle; for thi 
' ' * Enepi/madea-ftrong Sally upon there out of the 

f City, and nKfKjBQrfttiilBnnoafltT^ulfcd. - ' 
. , ■ 5 • Tb« 



' * The Number of the Slain, ai\d of the Prifonew Aa. »i Cir. I. 

* aiid Horfe talcen, is not yet knovn, but ii gene- . '^'' ^ 
' rally comeAured to be 8bo flain^ bcfides 1500 Seucnbir. 

* Men and 2000 Horfe taken. There was brought 
•' in that Night the under-written Lift of the moft 

* coitfidcrable Men taken and killed in the Fight, < 

* the King, with about 5 or 600 wat feen going to 
« the Wafis* 

' Prifoners takeni Sir Utamas Glmhamy Sir 
' Thsmai Dtttrttf Sk Piiii^ Mu/gravf^ Sir l%»mai 

* D'Abridgeeaurtyi'it Thomas Gort^^'aThttnasW^ifl-' 

* an. Son to the Earl of Portland ; Jamti J^rr-* 

* tin, Quartcr-Mafter General ; Colonels CnmwtU 

* and Gifferd; Lieutenant-Colonels, fiAiMn^/Af/- 

* ton, ConfiabU^ and Wipnert ; Captains, ffyviil^ 

* CottertU, Morgan^ Mountain, L'Eflrange, Swiahte, 

* and Conftablt. It is reported that Sir Marwaduit 

* LangdaU is flain, as alfo the Earl of Lilthfieldy 

* Brother to the Duke of Laux^ and Sir Bryan 

* Siapykon,.mt King's Agent for io,oOo Men in 

* IreUind, 

'For this and many other vaA Advantages, lately 
gaiped over the King, whole Armies and Garrifopt 
wfare now almoft entirely broke and fubdued in all 
Quarters, the Houfes made the following Ordtrioc 
a Thankfgiving : 

Ordered by the Lords and Commons alTembled A Thwkti^iAtt 
in Parliaracm, ' That TJw/^ next flull be fetJJI^J^ 

* apart for a Day of Thankfgiving unto Almighty si " 

* God, for his great Mercies and Bleffings upon 

* the Parliaments Forces under Colonel-General 

* PaintZf agunft the King's Force! near Chefltr^ 

* on Wtdmifday laft, the 24th Inllant ; and Ukc- 

* wife for God's greatMercy upon the Parliament's - 

* Forces in taking of Brijiol, and the DovixtM ; the 

* Succefs in Pimhrokejhirt given to the Forces under 
' Major-General Laughernti and for God's great 

* Mercy in Scatland; in all Churches and Chapels, 

* of London and fytflminfttr, and within the Lines 

* of Communication ; and on Tburfday next fome 

* Fortiught in all 'other Pan* of the Kingdom. 

Vol. XIV. * E 'And 


72e ParliamentMry HisToRY 

* And Alderman Feirmaglan is appintod to 4cfat 
*' the Lord Mayor to give timcjy Notke hereof Co 

* the Miniftert of the Churches and Chapels in th© 

* Lines of Communication. 

* And it is farther srdertd. That the Members 

* of the Houle of Commsns do fend Copiea of thi» 

* Order to th« rcfpeaiye Committees of the 

* feveral Counties, . to the End that they may 

* be ft) difperfed) that the Counties may take 

* ti^ly Notice hereof, that the day may bo 
*■ kept with that OblervatiAn as is due to fo great 

* Bleffings.' 

Oifther I. The Houfe of Lords having admit- 
,ted the Lord SaviHe to Bail, and he thereupon fet at 
I^erty, the Commons, at a Conference, reprefent- 
bd this to the Lords as wronging their Juftice, for 
The Lord Si- thefe Reafons: * That the Lord SavilU having 
bJ^'iJ^'^ taxed Mr. HoiUt with keeping Corrcfjwndenco 
' "" with the Lord Digij^ and revealing their Secrets 
to the Enemy ; a Crime no lefs than High Trea- 
fon, if true : And grounding all thb upon a Litter } 
which, not proving, he was liable, as making 
liwirelf riiereby the Author of the Kcport, to be 
poniflicd as a falfe Accufer : That the Lord Sa- 
vitle's hftving ]»evaricated befoce the Committee^ 
and refufed to declare from whom he received that 
■Letter^ was a high Contempt of their Houfe ; and 
therefore it was againft all Law and Reafon, that 
«. Perfon committed for a Contempt of a Couit 
AoUld be bailed by diat Court whilft he contmu^ 
in that Contempt. Befides, the Commons Ktged 
that they had other Maners againft him ; as 
his holdii^ Correfpondence with the Enemy, and 
his fending them Notice what was doing in the 
Hotifes and in the Army, i^c. FOr - all whid^ 
the Commons deiired that the Lords would re- 
mand the Lord SavilU back to the Travr, there t» 
Temain clofe Prifoner as he was before, till he con- 
form to the fVd^ of both Houfes;' which was done 

A - A 


. ^ E NOvl^ AN D; 67 

A Remtn^anci from the Steis Ccniuiui3ion(» to**' »!• Cm. I. 
tlie Parliament vra» next read^ complaining <rf . .. ^.^^' . . 
Want of P«y for their Amy, and other Inconventi oftobw. 
ences they met with ; which cannot be better ex- 
prefled than in their own Words. 

Stpttmkr Z9» 164.5^. 

* T TPON tfici6thQfthisInftai>t, yiottrLord-»^j^jij,,ijjj^,^ 

* \J fhips did ^omniuiucate to us the Refilu' fh>m ihcsati 

* /iWof bothH<»ufi»;t<rwhkhyoudefircdafpeedyCominifl^iiitrt( 
» ^nfwer; and further acquainted us, Th^ ^^^T^^^-f 

* Paptrshy us la^lygivco in were Under Coniidcra-Wut^P'r* 

* tion of the Houfe ( and that we fliouM receive 
' tjieir Jxfw/r with iM Convchiency^ Upon the 

* 27th your LordCbips renewed the^atne Defiresj 

* We caanot give a pofitive Anfwir to ibe De' 

* fipes t^ both Houfes, concerning the Difpofiil of 

* the Army^ beoauie it is not in our Power ( but 

* we fliall comatdnicate their Deficea forthwith to 

* the Committee with theArmy, and prds tbemj 
' with all the KBrncftncIt we can, to which wri 
' expedt theywlll beready togtveailjnft Satbfac- 
< tion fo far as the Seafon of the Year may admit; 

* and, in the mean lime* wedefire a fpcedy Anfxvtf 

* to our Papir of the 4Sh of this Inftsnt, ana tfatf 
f other of the \ i th* ib fiu* as concerns Mtmey^ 
' Arms, and Ammunition j which is neceP, 

* faryfor the AcconplUMiient of our Defiles, at if 
' the Army had Riarched into Scaihrui; and thd 
' fpeedy providingthercof will be a great Eacour^e'' 
' ment to that .^^y^ and a Futtbccuice to theiii' 
' Undertaldngs". 

' It is well enoue^ known to the HbnourabW 

* Houfes how far thai Army hath ftnrmerly been 

* difappointed of Proviftoris, baring, for Inttano^« 

* received but one Month's Pay thefe fe»cn Months 
■ paft ; how nfuch their Proceedings have been (*■< 

* .tarded this Summer, and fome of their Undotalc- 

* ings frustrated, for Want of neceflaiy Acconunc 

* dation : And we de&e it may be confideied what 

* Hindrance it may be to the PublJclt Service, if, 

* for the future,eiFe£taal Courfc Oiall' oot be tal^cn 
*' for their Bnterilinment, and .«th«r MeccUaiies. ■ 

£ 2 *b 


68 the Parliamentary H i s t o r v 

ho. IT Cw. T. * It is agreed upon bv the Trtaty^ That 31,000^ 
. '^V . *ftiouldbc monthly allowed and paid towards the 
^^^^ * Maintenance of that Army, for real Pcrfonnancc 

* whereof many Declarattmt have been rtiade by 

* the Honourable Houfes of Parliament, before and 

* fince the Entry of that Army into this Kingdom j 

* and finding the Monies, arifing out of the AfTefT- 

* ments and Revenuti ofthe Nirtb/m -Counties, 

* were not fufficicnt for the Maintenance thereof, 

* they did, in Fthruarj laft, paft an Ordinanct of Par- 
' Hament, for afleffing 21,060/, monthly upon the 

* feveral Counties therein mentioned ; of all which, 
' there being now full leven Monthspaft, there is only 

* come in to the Committee at Gold/mltbs'Haliy 

* 1200/. which, together with, 19,000/. yet to be 

* brought in, they arc obliged to repay to the City 

* oi London for the Month's Pay by them advanced; 

* fo that there is no Probability that any confidera- 

* ble Proportion can, for a long Time, be brought 

* in to fupply the Ncceffitics of that Armyj cfpe- 

* ci ally there being two other Aflcflments, which 
< preceded the Alleffinents for the Scots Army, al- 

. * though the Treaty between the Kingdoms doth 

* precede them all, and ought to be obferved as 

* ibon as any particular Ordinanci; and thofe Af- 

* feflment*, for other Annies, are really executed, 
'* and Monies thereupon colleded by the Counties 
1 and brought in ; whereas the AflelTment for the 
' Scot! Army is almoft wholly negle^d, is not ex- 
*. ccuted by odiera, and cannot be executed by us^ 

* our very demanding the Queflion being clamoured 

* againft as intermeddling with their Eflates ; nei- 

* ther is it our Defire in the leaft Kind to inter- 

* meddle, provided that .it were remembered that 

* not a written Ordinance, but real Payments, can 

* fatisfy the Neceflities of the Soldiers. , 

* By the f3meOr</r»ftf»««f theaoth of i^rfirKary, 

* 1644, the Commiffioners of Excife appointed 

* by Ordinance of Parliament, or their refpeflive 

* Deputies and Sub-commilBoners, are ordained to 
■pay 3000/. monthly out of the whole Excife ari- 

* fing out of the fix Narthern Counties to that Army ; 
;. ■ * and 


g^ENGLAND. 6g 

■ and though the Excife is accounted, and doth *»• «» C«r. I. 
' really prove to all othera, to be one of the heft . '***' . 
' Sccilritiea within the Kingdom,- yet Ways are SonMbtr. 

* tiken to make it ine&£ti]al to that Army ; fo that 

* there hath not been tool, thereof received in all 

* for thefe five Months paft, tht Profits thereof be- 

* ingalmoft wholly anticipated and fbrellalled hero 

* in the Stuth, and applied to other Ufes ; and in 

* all Appearance fh all ftill continuoin that Condi- 

* don, unlefs the Honourable Houfes give further 

* Order herein to the Commiffioners of Excife, for 

* Payment of that 3000 /. to the Sati Army, ac« 

* cording to the Intent of the Ordinance. 

* Concerning the Coal of Newea/ile ; the Price 

* thereof hath been fo much diminiflied, and the 

* Trade thereby decreafed, that, this laft Month 

* the Profits thereof have-not amounted to above 

* 800/. whereas they were eftimatcd by yotir 

* Lordfliips, in a Paper of Nrvtmbtr 1 644, to 
' "joooi. per Jldenfem, for and towards the Pay- 

* ment of the 31,000/, monthly, due to the Scttt 

* Army. 

' There was alio 200 /■ per Diim, lately ap- 

* pointed to be paid to the Infantry of that Army, 
' whereof they never rcccivtd one Penny to this 

* Hour, as was certified to the Heufe of Commons 

* by their Commiffioners, in their Letter of the 
' 31a of Jugu/l. 

' Thefe Obftmftions and Failings in the Ways 
' appointed by the Houfes for the Entertainment 

* of that Army, with divers others, we have rcpre- 

* fented in our former Papers^ to which we have 

* never received any Anfwer^ nor fcen any eSviEtual 

* Courfe taJcen for Redrefs thereof : And if die 

* Houfes {hall be pleafed to i^^move thefe Obftfuc- 

* tions, fupply the Defeats, and take an efjc^ual 

* Courfe for their Entertainment, the Scats Army 

* wjU be very far from giving the Teaft Occafion to 

* the Parliament to make any Declaration more 

* -concerning them than otheV Armies within the 

* Kingdom, againft laying of Taxes, or levying 

* any Contribution upon any County or P^rc 01 

E 3 * the 

r..„ ^,Gt)Oglc 

•JO 0ie Parliamentary History 

/0.»Gv. I. * flie Kingdom, or giving any Caufeof Complainj 
■ ^'**^^' * ^° ^^^ Country. And jwe are pepfuaded it is the 
paobet,"' * earneft Defire of that V^rmy to evidence, accorir 

* ing to the 9th Article of the Treaty, That their 
f Entrance into, and Continuance in, England fliall 
f be made IJfe of to no other Ends thap arc cXt 
f prcfled in the Covenant and Treaty, 

' But if no cffei^ual Courfe fliall' be taken for 

* their Entertaiment, according tp the Treaty^ 
f and that it flial! not be though? lawful for ihem to 
^ provide for their neceflary Subfiftance in the Parts 

* where they fliall rcfide, we leave it to the Houfes 

f of Parlianjent to judge, whether it muft not in- ' 
f evitatly follow, that they fliall either ftarve os 
f difl^and -, which we are confident is as far fron^ 

* the Intentions of the Honourable Houfesy as it is 

* againft the Law of Nature, the Caulc wherein, 
f and the Covenant and Treaty whereby, th« Army 
f was engaged. 

. ' * Thefc Things, out of the Confcience of our 

f Duty, and Senfe of the Truft repofed in us, wc 
^, could not forbear to exprels for our Exoneration ; 
' nor do we' reprefent them to cxpoftulate fpr the 

* Time paft, but that a fpeedy and e{Fe£tuat Re- 

* medy (nay be taken by the Honourable Houfe» 
f for thq future^ whereby that Army may be ena-^ 

* bled and rendered mure a^ive in adtcanclng the 
f Public Service. 

, By Command of the CommlJJiotiers' f»r theParlia-^ 
went of Scotland, 

Ordered to be communicated to the Houfe of 
Commons ; and to put them in mini alfo of a 
' Mejfagt concerning the Prince's Letter to Sir 
Thomas Fairfax. _ 

- Oil. 9. Another Remonftrance^ from the Scatt 

£ommiffi,oners, was read in the Houfe of'Lords, as 
j ''''T~' O give ^ more pofitive Anfwer to the De- 
^li^rMm^'w * ■*■ '''■^^ ^^'^^^ Houfes, concerning the march- 
|wije|e Mewaik. * ing of the 5«/x Army to beficge IWrtwari, was 
' * not 


efENGLAND. 71 

* ncrf in our Power nor in the Bounds of our Com- A'-^-CMil, 

* milBon ; bat what was in our fower, for fatif- . ^*.' ^ 

* fying the Ddires of the Houfcs* that we have oAoW. 

* done with all DiUeencc i for we did forthwith 

* communicate the Defires of the Houfes to the 

* Comipittee of the Parliament of Scotland rcfiding 

* with the Army, and entrufle.d for their Part with 
' the Power of difpofing of the Army, and with 

* alt EameHricfs did prefs a fpecdy and fatisfa£tory 

* Ar^vMT \ which we do Ihortly expcS, becaufe* 

* by Lettm which we have received by this Poft« 

* we underltand. there is a Meeting of that Com- 

* mittec and of fome of the General Officers of that 

* Army upon theBorders with theCommitteeofSrrt* 
•■ land\ and we arc very hopeful the Refult of their 

* Ccmfultations fltall tend to the bettering the Con- 

* dition of that Army, the adrancing of the Public 

* Peace, and the fatisfying of the Dellres of both 

* Houfes of P«-liainent. 

* As it fliall be our earneft Defire and conftant , 

* Endeavour, that the Scots Army may be a£live 

* in the profccutingof the War, until the Peace of 

* both Kingdoms be fettled ; fo we cannot but re- 
' new our Oelires to the Honourable Houfes, to 

* take more to Heart the Neccilitica of that Army, 

* the Removal of the Obftru^ions, and Supply of 

* the Defefls of the Ways appointed for their 

* Maintenance ; and we earnellly entreat for a 

* fpecdy Anfwtr to the Particulars reprcfcnted by 

* us in our former Papers concerning the Amiy, 

* and for fettling of Religion, and procuring tpe 

* Common Peace of both Kingdoms; which were 

* ^e main Caufes and Ends that engaged us in tHis 
« War. 

* It may be equally confidered by the Honourable 

* Houfes, when now the Kingdom of Scotland, 

* out of their earjieft Dofire, upon the Grounds 

* contained in the Covenant and Treaty, io procure 

* the Peace of this Kingdom, have denied them- 
«• felves, and loft their own Peace, and arc obliged, 

* by C^venantj Tregty, and joint Declaration of 

E 4 * both 


^ Parliamefaary History 

' 1x>th Kingdoms, never to lay down Arms til] die 

* Peace of both be fettled, to what Straits the 
' Kingdom of Scatland h brought, if the Houfes of 

* Parliament, being eamefUy and frequently de-r 

* fired by that Kingdom, Ihall delay to join in 

* iceking a fafc and well-grounded PeMe, upon 

* Terms already agreed upon by the joint Confent 

* pf both Kingdoms, and in the mean Time Ihalt 

* not provide a fure Way of Entertainment for 

* the S(Us Army, and thereoy enable them, accord- 

* ing to the Treaty^ to profecute the War. 

• ^hen this is laid to Heart by the Wifdom and 

* Brotherly AfFeflion of the Houfes of Parliament, 

* we do not doubt but, in their JulHce and Equity, 

* th^ will judge of our Difficulties and Defires as 

* if they were their own, and will determine and 

* do as in the liice Cafe they would expert from the 

* the Kingdom of Seetland.^ 

Bi Cammand of the ComtiaffuitTt far the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 
ert^'9,.«4S. JOHN CHIESLEY. 

The Houfes feemed to take little Notice of tbefe 
Jtfemtrialsf by their giving no Anfwer to them all 
this Time J but, however, foon after they did 
anfwer them to fomePurpofe* 

OSt. 1 1 . A remarkable Letter from . the Earl of 
Lincoln is entered in the Lords Jounuli this Day, 
relating to his having omitted taking the Solemn 
league and Coveaatit j which, with the Refalutiens 
of the XxjriJs thereupon, nin thus : 

For the Right Honourable the Lord G s B y of 
fFarkty or any other who is Speaker prQ Tempore 
of the Houfe of Lords, to be communicated to 
their Lordfliips. 

My Lord, 

rjPON Refolws in the Htufe of Lards, the 
• ^ loth fl/'Auguft 1644, now fourteen- Months 
' "■■- "^ ■ " ' '"^" f that Hovfey 



Jiitiotuti^A"* 3^' "« Mtmher or Affiftant of that Hovfey 
tbcCormub tut 

»/ E N G L A N D. 73 

tat having taken the National Covenant, fi>aUjk t» *^ Jsl?"' ^ 
the Houfe after the jjth ef the fame Mmlh, hifore ^'' , 

the taiing thereof; fining myfelf debarred of the un- Octobur. 
dtubled Right of a Peer tajit in Parliament, the maft 
antient and grtateft Hamur, as I conceive, belonging 
tothe Peeragty Iherue, in thit Length ofTtnu, accord- 
. img to the beft of mj 'fudgmenty weighed with myfelf 
the Caufe ofmj Se^ejiratian ;. and being deprived of 
this my undoubted Privilege, withoul any Charge againft 
me perJonaUj made, nor attf fudgment upon me given, 
which Jhould render me unworthy and uncapable to en- 
joy my Privilege ; (in which Cafe and Proceeding I 
never doubted the Power qf either Houfe oiirr their 
Members,) I humbly offer to their Lordpifs, Whether, 
for a b^re Omiffion, or deferring upon a Scruple of 
Cenfeience, wherein I yet remain unfatiijied, to do that 
which is not impo/edkf any A& or Ortiinancc ofPar- 
Hament, with any Penalty, upon tht meanejl Subjeify 
that myfelf Jhmld be debarred of the highejt and moji 
undoubted Privilege of a Peer ? This, I hold it my 
Duly, to intimate to their Lordfliips for the prtfent, 
and for Pejieaty, that that Voce may be, at many 
others have been, taken into their fiirfher Honourable 
Confiderations, and myfelf freed from the Reflraint 
of enjoying my Privilege, which J have, with your 
J^rdjbips, if Ordinance of this Parliament, prote/led 
to maintain. My Lord, I do, in this, not look, merely 
upon mine own Inter eji, but upon the high and general 
Concfrnment [ qnd refi 

Your Lordfliip's 

moft humble Servant, 

oa.>o,.6+s. T. LINCOLNE. 

This Letter the Lords ordered to be taken into 
Confideration on the 13th Inftant; when a Mef- 
%e from the Houfe of Commons, Aug, 10, 1644, 
and a Vote of this Houfe upon it were read, con- 
cerning the Peers talcing the Covenants ; and, after 


74 ^ Parliamentary History 

AD.2i-Cir.l, Debate, it was refohed^ upon theQueftion, ' That 
. *^" . the raid Vote^ now read, fliould be repealed. There- 
OSaUa. upon, the Earl oi Lincoln was called in to take hil 
Place in that Houfe as a Peer. 

An Ordinanci was this Day agreed to for bor- 
rowing 40,000/- at the Rate of 8A per Cent. In- 
tereft, to be raifed by voluntary Subfcriptions or by 
Afleffinents, Wf . 

Ltttco frtim ihe 03. 1%. The Lord Raberts, from the Cdm- 
tord Digby, ihe j^ittcB of both Kingdoms, reported feveral Pafert, 
another Piptti, w^i'ch were read to the Lords as follow ; 

rrsd, iditlng ED 

"l^sirKeof 2)i<f Martii, O^ahrisli.. itfic. 

M«waik. , ' *) *3 

At the Committee of both Kingdoms at Derhy- 

Maufe, urdered, ' That a Letter from the Committee 

* of both Kingdtin^s reiiding at BerwieA, with the 

* inclofed from the Lord Digby to the Earls of 

* Leven and Calendar, and the Earl of Ltvini 

* Anfwer j as alfo a fofer fent from Nottinghamy 

* and the Extras of a Ripart of a Scout to Coloqel 
f DoyUy, be all read to bMh Houfes.' 

The Lord Dicby's Letter. 

^o the Right Honourable the Earl of Leven, , 
General, and the Earl of Calendar, Lieu- 
tenant- General, of the Scats Forces now in 


My Lord, 
TTAVING fapntrly written la your Ltr^ps^ 
•f^ iy his Maje^y's Command, upon a Sub/edi 
highly importing the Peace and Happinefs of all his 
Mayejiy's Dominions, I am again commanded to tell 
your Lordjhips, That, in Confidence of the good Ef- 
felts thereof, his Majifly is, through many Diffi- 
tulties, advanced hither to Newark, with a con- 
Jiderablt Body of Horfe j and doth earnefily defirt \hat 


e^ENGLAND. 75 

h* may r««w, with ExftStuHt tt» Anfver tt what An- «i Cw. L 
mas then prtpofed iy^ , . '^*' ^ 

My Lords. *'**'• 

Ifcwnit, oa. 4. 

^fi♦^ your Zxirdfliip's 

moft humble Servant, 


(The Earl of Lev en's Answer. 

For the Commander in Chief of the Forces 
now with his Majesty, 

My Lord, 
T Rfce'med here, upon the %th Infiant^ a Letter^nn 
- the herd Digby, hearing Date from Newark, the 
4ib of 0£lober, a Copy whereof ii here incUfeiy re' 
lating to one fermerly ftnt by him,- by hit Mi^ejl'fs ' 

Command^ uptn a Subjelf highly importing the Peace 
tind lieippinefi of all his Dominions ; la whieh Lettcc 
I can return m Anfwer, having never received it j ' 
hut bad it come ta my Hands, or any A4atim of that 
Nature, I Jhould, as I have done with this, addreffed 
them to the Parliaments of both Kingdoms, or their 
Pommijjioners, as only capable of receiving andanfwer- 
jngfuch PropofitiottS. I am. 

My Lords, 
Petwick, Oft. 9, 

**4s- Your Lordfliips humWe Servant, 


The Letter from the Committee at Brnviet 
to the Committee of both Kingdoms fitting at 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
^Trumpet came from Newark with this inchfei 
^* Letter, direlled to the General and Lieutenant- 
Qeneral of the Scots Arny. It was opened atl^cifAs- 
allerton by the General of the Artillery, who com- 
mandf in Chief there : He fialed it again, and fent 

I..., ,Gt)tH^lc 

yb The Parliamentary. Hi tTORY 

kfu ai Cir. I. th* Trumpet with a Strvant afjih mm hither f the 
"tS- General ; vuho hearing what tt was^ would not open it 

"^^^ ' till he fent far the Marquis 9/"Argyle, the Earls of 
Lauderdale and Lanerk. They immediately brougot 
it to the Comtiuffioners of the Parliament d/'England^ 
emd all ef us refohed to fend it to your Lardfiipt, to it 
by you ammunicated to both Houfet of Parliament, 
The General frotejis he never faw any other Letter, 
^vhich this feems to import, nor any from the Enemyj 
fxcept that which he tent to London from Ledburv j 
and hath retunud this Anfwer, which you will receive 
here IneUfed/rom, 

, My Lords, 

Your Lordfhips, 

Berwick, Oa. 9, 

■C45- Aflcflionate Friends and ScrrantSi 


Lauderdali, H. Vane, 

Lamerk, Ro. Gdodwyk, 

P. Wharton, Tho. Hatcher, 

Jn iNroRMATtON fent from Nottingham. 
f^Eorge Higgins of Eakin informetb from Mr, 
^^ HawdenofTuxfordy in the County of W«/(»i(f- 
bam, Minifter, and by his Order and DireSion, 

* That a Trumpet belonging to Col. Eyre ofNeui- 

* ari, pa£ing through Tuxford, on Sunday the ^th 

* of this Inllant October, did, in" the Prefence of the 

* f:ud Mr. Hazvden, fay and affirm, That he was 

* S'^'^S ^'*^ Letters from his Majefty and from 
« Sir Richard tVillisy Governor of Newark^ to Gc- 

* neral Leveuj with Hopes to bring him back with 

* his Army to Newark, for the King, with as 
< much Joy as ever he did come for the Parlia- 

* mcnt: And Mr. Hawden did fee two Letters in 

* the Hand of the Trumpeter. And two 5fiifJ Gen- 

* tiemcn being at Tuxford with Mr. Haviden the 

* fame Day, he did af&rm to them^ That the King 



»/ E N G L A N D. 

* and General Leven had been- long in Treaty, and '*"• « 
■ be did not doubt but it was effe^ed, and ttiat this 

* Letttr would bring him back.* 
Taktn at Nottingham »'« ibt Prt/tnct tfuit 

oacto6,i84s. FRA. TtlORNHAUGH. 


The Scout's Report that came from Oxfard, who 
iaith, * That on tVedmfday Night, very late, came 

* in a MetTenger from the Kingi who did report^ 

* That all the Forces of the Setts who were about 

* Henfurd, arc agreed to rome to the King ; and 

* that they are in as much Joy for that as for the 

* Coming of the new Governor.' 

All the aforefaid Paperi were ordered to be com- 
municated prefently to the Houfe of Commons by 
MelTaee ; and accordingly Sir Edward Ltteh and 
Mr. Pagt were fent with them. 

The fame Day the Lord Rshertiy reported a Con- 
fisrence with'the Coii»iions, wherein two Letters 
from the North were exhibited, and feveral Refi- 
lutinns of that Houfe thereupon, 

Thcfe L'etltn were addrefTed to their Speaker, 
millem Lmthall, Efq; And grfl, that from the 
Committeeof the Houfc of Commons then reflding 
at Yark. 


CT'O appeafe a dangeretu Afati/^, at tht 77m<> a Comphiat 
■* vjhen the King, with hit Farces, advanced into '"^ *' y**^ 
this County, and fint e«i Proclamations that all^^^^^^ 
Jrem faleen to Jtxty Jbould tome, unto him for guard- /uaq, 
ing of bis Perfon to this City ; and for the encour- 
aging our Hirfe, beth Oncers and private Men^ 
we pramifed them a Mirth's Pay, which tvot the 
lea/1 of their Demands. Wt have with much La- 
bcur, and by Engagement^ of our particular Credits^ 
advanced a Fortnight's Pay unto the Troopers j but 
it is impaffibU for us ta pcjy the reft unto them out of 
theft Partsy wbfch are fi impovertjhed -, and the 


yt the ParUammtary History 

An. II Car. I, whsU North-Riding is now not etily lakeaup if 
- . ^^' ■ garters, hut alfa excee£ngly ajfejfed in Mentyt ly 
Oftobei. '^ Scots i fi that we canmt raife fufficient /of 
the grmving Pay of the Foot. The Horfe do agaiit 
begin'tt mah high and peremptory Demands of their 
Forinishfi Pay in Arrear \ ojhicb, if not fpeedify 
paid, will occajion m high, if not an higher. Mu- 
tiny than the Jofrntr. We hear from London, that 
^e 16,000 1. is already taken up by the Horfe Officers^ 
and for Difcharge of other Debts and Engagements % 
fi that there is n» other ff^ay left fir ieeping Mir ^Hmfi 
together upon Service, than aprefeni Order tt be given 
by the Parliament for advancing that Sum, which ■wilt 
amount unto 3000I. or thereabouts , We earnejtiy in- 
treat you to acquaint the Houjt therewith, on whofe Fa' 
veur We rely, hoping a keedy Courfe will bedireSled 
- by them for making Supply hereof, etherwife tat 
earmet be ahlt long to do them Service in theft Parts, 
We remain^ 


York, Oa. 14. i64J' 

Your humble Servants) 

FrahcisPiere?oikt, James BellinghaW,, 
William Lister, Jo. Wastell. 

William Allansok, 

The other Letter was frdm the Commiffieners of 
Afleflment in the feveral Ridings oiTorkJhirtf 


/t hath often been repreferaed fiom this' County^ 

tnm the Con- '*^' '*' '"^^O^^ Burdens of Jrmies, Englifli 

aimanmaf At- ""'l Scots, baVe reduced great Numbers of Families 

ftiTiDtiit ia tLii tg the Extremities of Poverty ; for the Redrefi 

*'^'''* whereof lameH Requeft hath been made from the 

Ctmmiffimers, in Behalf of the Inhabitants of the 

Country ( viho, having lately received fomt Relaxo' 

lien of their Suffmngs, by the He/aoval of the ■ Scote- 

Army Southwalrds, and the reducing fundry 'of iht 

Enemy's GafrifonSi were fettling ihemfelvei to feme 

Iniujlry u fup^ort thmfehts, witboU -, whirtin they 


{/•ENGLAND. 79 

were mt a Utile encewaged by the Ordinance ef A«.iiCw.t. 
Parliament, appointing the Charge efthi Scots vfrwf • '^ S- 
to he indifferently Mported by a general jjiff- of,^, ' 
ment laid upvn the Kingdom, tuhereeflhey were only 
to bear a proportionable Share : But new, as foon as 
their Harve/i is reaped, and ProvUioni made by 
every Family for their proper Subjylanct for thi 
Year feUovnng, the Scots Army ii unexpeffedly re- 
turned into thefe Parts again : And albeit we, the 
CommiJJioners of the feveral Ridings, have made 
inatun unto them, that ive neither have Authority tt 
itnpefe any fuch Burden upon the Country, and, if «* 
' had fuch Power, yet that we Jinow the Country 
unable to bear them, without the univerfal Ruin of 
tie Inhabitants ; neverthelefs the Commanders <f 
the faid Army have, of themfelves, taken up Quar- 
ters in the North-Ridmg, and fpread their Cbargey 
and fend out their Warrants in other Parts of the. 
County, requiring from the People fuch vq^ Sums 
of Money and Proportion of Proviftons, as have not 
been heard of in other Farts of this Kingdom % 
which neverthelefs they force the People to bring in f> 
tSem. ■ 

Tbefe Impofitions, thus laid by them upon the 
Country, at we under/land by daily Complaints 
hreught to us from feveral Places, are, in moft Parts 
sf the Country, after the Rate of 144,468!. per 
Menrem, being Mflributed in the fame Meafure 
through the whole Country, and in fome other Parts 
net fi much; but in tu Place, that we have yet heard 
tf, left than after the Rate o/"45,oool. perMenfem; 
and all this taken under Pretence of Order from 
their Superior Officers, heftdes the infinite Oppref- - 
Jims and Extortions of the Soldiers, who take away 
the Suhjeiis Horfes, Goods, and Money, without any 
public Order, which we conceive may equal the Propor- 
tion of their certain Affefjinents^ 

Theji infupportable Burdens muft of Keceffity 

produce an univerfal Poverty and Deflation of the 

Country, and fo prepare the Dtfpofitions of the 

People to defperatt AJieiations and Refhlutions, it 

'. rife- 


8o the Parliamentary History" 

a.%jCu.\, rifi in Oppefitien ; tvhieh, haw dtflruitive it ttu^ 
^ '^*' , prave ia the prifent Union of tht tvn NaiienSy tu/ 
Oaobcr ''^^' '^ jioar Conjideratian. And tut may nat emit 
■ herewith to reprefent tinta you^ as a Matter candvcing 
ta tbtfanu End, that the JVays to raift Mamy iii 
this Caunty, for the Pay of our eum Army, ieing 
wheUy cbjirulted by thafe Levies af tht Scots, that 
*■ taie up the whole Sub/iance af the Country, it will be 
impajfiblt ia rejirain eur own SaldterSy tvha were 
mutmaus befart ; but that now their Diftempers will 
be much increajed, and being united to an apprejfed 
People, may give a mare fpeedy Vent to the Heart- 
burnings and Difcontents cantraffed by theft Suf- 
ferings, which vijibly tend to the utter Confufion of 
this Country. 

Sir, whatfoever our fuccteding Miferies may be^ 
yet we canceive we have new fully difehargtd aur 
Duties in making this Remanftrance af eur Suffer- 
ings -ta that Hanaurable Haufe, vjhich is the only 
Place, under Heaven, from whence we can hapefar 
ReUrf; and our Requeft is, in ardtr to the Preven- 
tion af thefe imminent Dangers^ that the Scots Arny 
may be immediately removed fram thefe Paris, and 
fame Caurfe taken far Reparation af the Gauntry's 
Sufferings by the ather Parts af the. Kingdom Sable 
ta the Burden af that Army ; which we humbly de- 
fire may be imtneHately prefented by you ta the Houfe 

Your moft aSeAionate 
V«rk, OSt, J, 

i<4f' humble Servants^ 

J. AisLABiE. Richard Darley. 

R. Robinson. Robert Bakwis. 

W. Allanson. Robbrt Legard. 

Ja». Challonsr. 'John Wastali.. 

John Millingtom. Tho'. Stockdale, 

Ro. Wymore. Tho'. Dickenson. 

Jo. Farrer. Tho'. St. Nicholas. 

Tho'. Challonek. Wm. Armitaoe, 

JoHtjCtAYTON. Jo, Bright. 

M\TT»- *"<*1CNT0H, Char. RlKlEY. 



bf fe N G L A ^ b:, 8i 

¥he Lord Rohtns farther reported, Ttiat ^x, Ai. ij C». r; 
^?, one of the Managers at the Conference; ftid, ^.;,*'*?' ^^ 
That, at the farfie Tiihe the foregoing Letiirs-mtt oft^h„, 
tead in the Houfe of Commons, they had alfo re^ 
ceived from their Lordfiiips two Papers, which haft 
been delivertd in by the SceU Commillioners, One 
dated the 29th of September lad, and the other th£ 
6th Inflaiiti upotl all which the^r had pafled thefcl 

li 'f hat this floute doih declare, TBlt as they Vowiiftfet 
ire bound by the Covenant and Tredtiis to dialntaln Himfc oCCrfi 
the Union and good Correfpbhdencc bct*cefl the ^^^^,^ 
two Kingdoms, fo it is their RefolHtion to eitiplo^ ' 
and continue Chetr utaioft Endeavoitrs td maintain 
the fame acCoildiAglyi 

i. ' That the Scoli Army's Aot etlg^glng againft 
ftc Enertiy, according to the Defircs of both HoiifesT' 
lioufes of ParliatneKt, arid their Continuance in th* 
Htgrthem Parts, coritrary to thofe Dcfires, is hot 
Cinlj iinfervlceable, but ^r^udiclal to thofc £ndd 
for which their Al£{lance, wa? delired^ and deftrvc- 
iive to thofe Parts of the Kirigdbili; 

3. • That (heir Idying of Taxes; aftj raifuig ©^ 
Money upori the Subjefts of thiS Kitigdon}, atul 
^undering their Houfel and Goods, is againfl th<tf 
Treaty, and agairtft the Liberty of the Subject, 
whicji both Kingdoms are bound tO' prcfervef 
tod doth difable the Kingdom frdtn pacing' thd 
htonthly AfleiTments for the Maintenance of that 
Aimy odd the Forces of the Norfhem Aflocia- 

4. * Th^t It he ddclafedj to the! Itiha&ifants of 
the Northern AlFociation, That they are not bound 
to pay atiy fuch Monies as are Of ihalt be taxed 
iipoii thenl, without the Power of Authority of 
both Houfes of Pdrtiamem, by the Sciis Officers; o^ 
iny other Pdrfon. 

5. * That whatfoevfir Cjodiis, Mdriles, HOrfes^ 
tjr ProvlfionS have been, 6r fhaJl be, talcen froin 
tay the Inhibitatits of the Herthern Aflbciation, Cr 
bf any other Parts of this Kijigdom, without Hih 

Vol. XIV; . F Powef 


82 . 7^ Parliamentary History 

An-aiCifcl. Power and Authority of both Houfea ofParL'a- 
t *^^ . ment, by any of the Scffls Army, 'fliall be repaid 
odrttr. ""^° than out of the Monies defigned for the 
Maintenance of that Army. 

6. ' That fuch Commiffions (hall be ifiiied 
under the Great Seal, into every County of this 
Kiogdom where they {ball be deftred, for the cer- 
tifying 'what Money, Billet, Horfes, Cattle, Goods, 
or ProviCons, have been levied or taken by any of 
the Scott Army ; with like Powers and Authonties 
as are contained in the Commiflions already iffiied, 
in that Behalf, into divers of the Northtrn Counties. 

7- * That whatfoevcr Money, Horfes, Goods* 
or Provifions have been, or (hall be, levied or taken 
by die Septs Army, upon ^e Inhabitants or Sub- 

{"c8ta of the Kingdom, fliall be accounted aa 
b much of the Pay of the Scett Army ; and that 
this Kingdom is difengaged from the Payment of 
fo much as the fame, upon Proof, Ibalf amount 

8. * That in cafe the Pr^Ciires of the 5«/j Army 
upon the Subjeds of this Kingdom be continued, 
uid unlels Satisfaction fhalt be given touching th^n 
Prefluies, it cannot be expected that this Kingdom 
iball make Payment of 3 1,000 /. ptr Month to the 
fitid Army. . 

. 9. ' That it be defircd that Satisfa£Uon diould 
be given to this Kingdom, ^at fuch Forces of the 
Scsts Nation as have Deen put into the leveral Gar- 
rifons of Newc'ajiie upon Tyne, the City of Carlijlt^ 
and Town of HartUpoolt, the Cables of Tinmauth^ 
Warktuorth, Thirletuall, and Staehon, without the 
Confeat of both Houfes of Parliament, may be 
forthwith removed ; to the end they may be dif- 
pofed of in fuch Manner as fliall be thought £t by 
both Houfes of the Parliament of England. 

10. * That riie Letters from the Committees of 
Ti>ri, of the third and fourth of this Iiif^ant OffahtTf 
with the Vttei thereupon, be communicated to the 
Lords at a Conference. 

1 1. * That the Vftit formerly paOed the Houfe, 
for removing the Obftru^ona 4hat happen in 


r..„ ^,Gt)tH^le 


bringing in the Aflcffinents for the Sats Army, and ^- »! *^'- '• 
for the providing of 30,000/. for that Army upon . ' _ ' . 
their coming to Newark, be communicated to the oaobcr. 
Lords at this Conference. 

12. ' That the Houfe do ilt in a Grand Cooi- 
mittec, every Tuifdaj and Ihtrjiejy immediately 
after Pr^rcrs, to take into Coniideration the Mat- 
ter of Pnpefitiens for a fafe and weJl-grounded 
Peace ; and that this Committee do begin lirft to At 
To-morrow after Prayers. 

1 3. ' That Wedfufdaj next, between the Houn 
of Ten and Twelve, be appointed for the reading 
of the OrdinaiKi, the third Time, concerning 
Church-Government ; and that the Members be 
enjoined all to attend. 

The Lord Ri^iertt added, That, at the faid Con- 
ference, Mr. Letig reported from the City, That 
they wtHild endeavour, and were in good Hopes to 
efici^ the providing of 30,000/. for the Stvtt 
Army, in cafe they fbould be before Nnoari \>y the 
firfl of Ntvemhir, otherwife not j and he further 
read thefe Fatei following, made by the Commons : 

1. ' That the Se»u Anfwer, touching the 
marching their Army to beliege Newark a not 

2. * That the Scats Commiffionera be delircd to 
give a pofitive and fpeedy Anfwer, touching their 
Army's marching to befi^e Newark. 

3. * That fome Gentlemen be fent into ths - 
City of Lendm to borrow 30,000/. towards pay- 
ing off the Setts Army ^ and that the Afleffmenti, 
d ue and payable out of the feveral Counties for that 
Army, Iball be the Security for Payment of tb« 
faid Money, together with Intercft for the For- 
bearance thereof. 

4. * That Thurfdaj next be affigned for the 
Committee at Geldfmith't-HaU, to report to thia 
Committee the Obftruflions concerning the not 
coming in of the AflciGncnts for the Payment of 
^ Sc9U Army. 

Fa J. * That 


84 ^ Parliamentary Hilt TO f.'v 

An. »i Car. I. 5. « That 200 Barrels of Powder, with Bulled 
'^*S- ^ proportionable, and a double Proportion of Match* 
oa'bcr iuuforttiwith provided and furniflied for the Scots ' 
Army, in cafe they Ihall be before Nrwark by the 
firft of Novtjnber.' 

At thi> Confercnte, elfo Mr> Lm£ declaretT, 
That upon the Report of the Committee, which 
the Houfe of Commons fent to Galdfmiihs-Hall to 
know the Obflru6lions of the coming in of the 
Aflcfiments for the Scots Army, that Houfc had 
alfo made thcfe further Rtfolutitns : 

i. • That the Committee at Goldftrnths-Hall 
do forthwith put in Execution all fbch Powers and 
Authorities as are given unto them, for ths effec- 
tual bringing in of the AflellmentB for Payment 
of the beois Army ; and that if any Committee, ' 
or Member thereof, or other Officer employed by 
them, do obllru£l the fpeedy bringing in of the 
faid Monies, that they do fend for them, and re 
quire an Account of them, according to tfie Power 
given them : And that if they fhall be informed 
of any Member of this Houfe, that is the Caufe 
of ei^er diveitiiig or obftru^ng the coming in 
of the faid Afleltments, that they do certify the 
Name and Names of fuch Member or Members to 
the Houfe, to be proceeded with as the Houfe fhall 
think tit. 

- 2. ' That whereas the Power pven to that 
Coir.mittee is of Force only as to the Aflell'ments, 
for the firft fojir Months, for the Scots Army, it 
is now ordered. That the fame Powers, in every 
Claufe and Article thereof, Qiall be of Force, and 
^Pli^ % tbe ctt^'e^tual and fpeedy bringing in of 
the iaft four Months Afleflments j and alfo for 
' thf bringing in the Arrears upon the Ordinance iot 
the Loan of 2oo,oco/. for the Scots Advance into 
tbi* Kingdom.' 

By the fame Report from the Committee at Gold- 
Jhilk's-Hali, it appeared that looo Brealls, Back, 
and Pots, 1000 Pair of Piftols with Holflers, 
7COO MufquetSf 7000 Bandileersj 300 Barrels 

' of 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

5/ENGLAND. 85 

ofPowdar, 10 Tons of Match, ami lo Tons of Aa.iiCir.i, 
Bullet were font by that Committee to the Scots . '^'' , 
Army, when they marched from Newari, Stuth- ofloter. 

At this Conference Mr. Long alfo read another 
Vete, viz. 

* That thefe Letters frqm the North, and tliefe 
Votes thereupon, be communicated to the Lords at 
a Conference ; and their Lordlhips to be delired, 
in cafe they Ihall zflent unto them, that a Commit- 
tee of both Houfes maybe appointed todigefttheny 
into Fonn, to be an Anfwer to the Papers from the 
Scats CtHnniiffioners,' 

Next Mr, Blackiflen, faid, \ That there were 
fome Letter, that came this Morning< which he 
was commanded to impart to their Lordfhips ^t 
this Conference, as follows : 

For our Honourable Friend William LENTHALt, 
Efq; Speaker of the Houfe of Commons in 
Parliament. ' 

Mr. Speaker, ' 

tyH Is is the third AMrefs ivhich we have made Asathn- 1 titer, 
■* to you, being eccniuned M further and nsvj Com- fr"™ ''" 'H'"."^ 

il ■ . y J n ■• I 17 I! jDlifliOMrxf Af- 

f taints jince our ia/t, cancermng the "ep'''ra(ift^ arut [^^j^^^^^YvA- 
now almoji ruined, Efiate of this County, by re^ijin afoiin, m ihe 
the Scots Army quartered upon us. ' Spwlui. 

if^e are mofi unwilling to be trouhlefome ur^o you^ 
where we can pofjihly avoid it i and therein we pray 
you to perufe this inclofed Copy of our Letter ta Ge- 
neral Levcn, ivhich not only will/atisjy you in the 
Particulars of our Grievances, but that we omit no 
lHwful Ways we can think on for our own Prefcrva- 
tion. The Copy of his Anfwer to us is alfo herewith 
fent you, of whom we muft needs give this honour- 
Tejiimony, That, if the infirior Officers of his 
Arrny had been as careful to maintain the good Cor-. 
rtfpandency between thefe Kingdoms as his Excellency 
bath been, we verily believe that we fliould not have 
had any Occafion of making thep Complaints ; hut 
we perfuade turfeives ' that his Commands are not 
F 3 ohferved 

L._. .,Gt)t)^le 

86 1%e Pariiamemary History 

ftn. II C»r. I. ohferved, becauje our Sufferings tncreafe daify Uiiti 

^ ' *S' . _ his Abfenct j fi that, tvithaut frtfent Eafe, we tamiot 

OSLottt '"Pi^ ony Thing but fudden Ruin, for they demean 

themfelvei not as if they came only for their Subfi/ience, 

but as ifpurpofely to deflroy us. 

We nothing doubt of the Parliament' t equal Care 
of us as of other Parts of this Kingdom ; and our 
Fidelity to the Caufe affures ui, that we hmii not 
merited to be defigned out far DeJlruSion \ nor that 
we only jheuid meum at this prejint, when all 
England, by Gotfs Mercies, hath futh Oecafion « 
ytejoice. Our Necejftties, therefore^ embolden us fa 
be thus importunate for our prefent Relief being 
net otherwife able to appeaft the Cries and Ttars^f 
fuch a Multitude of miferable People, who daily 
Jloci to us for Redrefs : And it being the greatcfi Part 
^of our Grief in that we are net able to help 
them, we humbly implor/ your prefent and fptedj 
Af/yiance, uiho. deftre, with eur uUmfi Endeavours^ . 
to approve eurfehei. 

Your humble Servants, 

Richard Darliy. Tho". Bourchiir. 

Ar. Ingram. John Savillz. 

Ro.Barwis. Darcy Wentwortm. 

Wn). Armitage. Tho>. Stockdale. 

Jo. Bright. Ja. Challoner. 

Farrer, Chr. Legard. 



'h&. Peirse. 

The Letter to General LsvEH, mentioned in th« 

May it pteafe your Excellency* 

AdJ thwf IrftiCT ? ^ '^' Cries and Lamentations of fo many diftref' 

to the Earl of ■* fid and mifetahle People, who fadly apprehend 

^''"s"^a'' th'tr fudden Ruin and Confufion^ by the Demeanor 

" of your Army now quartered upon them, were as ful~ 




If rtprefmttd tayour ExctUency as ibty art ft mrfiht 
wefimilintt mtd to mait this Addrt/s wits you ; fir 
OS we have teen cmfiitnl af your real Affett'ion, pffth 
t9 this great Caufe now in Hand^at alfi to our Natian\ 
fa where the sue or the other may unjuflly fuffer, thrf 
the Silence of- fuch ai, Being over-awed by the Power 
cfyeur inferior Officers, derre not make their Si^er- 
ings inoWH unto yo>(r Erteilency, we cannot, in dif- 
tkarge sf the Duty which we owe unto the Parlit- 
fnenl of England, which hath intruded us with the 
Care of this Caunty ; nor the National -Covenant, 
tvhid we f><rve made with Jlmighty God, whereiy we 
have /worn, with all Faithfulnefs, in endeavour the 
Difiavery of aUfuch as have ieen, ttrjhalj h^ Incen- 
diaries or ill In/iruments in dividing thefe Kingdams 
me from another ; unlefs we da in firne Meafure 
reprefent unto yaur Bxceileney the Difiontents ^eu^ 
People ; thcri, by the AmeKimtat thereof ^ this Catm- 
ty, committed to our Chcge, may be freferved from 
Jhdn, and air Nariooal Covenant maintained in- 
The Complaints of the People ate iiiefe : 
"that your Army doth not only take free ^arter^ 
tentrary to your Excellency's Order, as we are in- 
formed, hut lay upon the County what AffeffmerUl 
they pUafe ; infomuch that fame fmaR Plllagett 
which by the Affeffmenis of Parliament are to pay hut 
5I. 4s, the Month, are required by your Outers t» 
pay^is. 4d. a Day. 

That fame towns have whole Repmentt fnarter- 
ton them, and 7 1, ii Day bejtdes, exaSed far 

That whereas, hy the Ordinance of Parliament, the 
County of Yor^. is to pay but 7000 1. a Month far Af- 
fefpnent, if this whale County were afftjftd propertion- 
ahly, as fame one Weapontaie is hy your Officers, tt 
vouldamowit unto 144,468!. a Month. 

That the Officers of your Army take up free 

garters and Biilet-Maney to the Proportion ofwree 

Ttmes the Numher of your Army ; having fpread 

ibeotftlves from Whitby in the Eaft^ heyondv^t^- 



Tie ParUammtary History 

■ mon<] in the "Weft, gndfrem Teafe Northward ol^ 

f m^ to the Ciiy i>f York. 

That the. private S^l£(r h net aniatt with Jiulf 
honeji Fare as the Cauntr^man feeds him/elf, his mfl 
and Children, v'ithtil. 

That having fid thei. 
they make Mavock of the ; 

That they permit not the Sequefiraters ta ' do their 
Duty, nor the Jfeapontaie Courts or ifOfirts l^et to b« 
fept, whereby the Civil Power is overlhro^ii. 
■ That your Army, quartering where it can, givei 
this County no AJfiHance again/f the Enemy; and de-. 
privl^g it, hy 'Aniicipation, of the Means whereby 
fe maintain its' evJti Army in afftfling ofitfiif, 
^hereby (eaves it open to certain Ruin and Deflruc-^ 

They fait mvay the Country People's Harfes and 
their Cattle at their Pleasure, and impripn them for ' 
rtfufing to pay AJfeJJinem, - " ' ■ 

' They will not ' permit our Soldiers lo enjoy theirs 
garters allotted them by thffr Officers. 
■ ' And, tt t^ahe their' Anions' appear more juftifi-B 
fble, they enforce ih(m, by Threatetiings ittid otherwife, 
lo give under their Hands (mttvilb/ianSng their 
hardUfageJi a.CertifcaU uifto ^our Ex(eiUncy of their 
toad Behaviour^ 

' We affeSi 'not to infifl upon a particular Man, 
neither would we have dealt fi plainly with your 
Excellency f had we not Jo vehemently dejired the ma-, 
tiial Amity an^ Cop~efppidenty of both Nations might 
it continued I and (hat the Sore being opened and 
thoroughly feq^^hed-^ thi Wound (hereby might th^ 
better be cured. 

We pray yaur ExceSency, upon the Uk/ Qccajiens^ 
to be plain and free with us ; and that you will fe-, 
Ttoujly conjider and examine the Premifes ; that you 
will pleaje. to countenance our People in their ju/I 
'Campfainit, and to give them timely Redrefs, where- 
by they be nof compelled to forfaie their Habitations^, 
p fkrced to undue Courjes through Defpair :,'And 
\hefe Re^uefts wi moye \viih' great Confidence of -a''' 


./ENGLAND. 89 

twining, as ffoinMng frem thtfi wbt^ t^m tfO gttd An. »i Cv.f t 
Occafionif defiri to approve tbemfthtt ^ *°*i' 

The humble Servant* ****"• 

of your bxcelleqcy, 

Richard Darlev, Tho». Bdurchikr, 

Ar. Ingram. 2°"" S^^'^"- 

Ro. Barwis. Darcy Wentwortm, 

W. Armitace, ■ Tho». Stockdalb. 

'. Bright. Ja. Challonbr. 

o. Farrer. Chr. Legard. 


Chr. Peirsb. 

The Eaj-1 qf J^evek'p Anjwer, 

^ Gentiotnen, 

/Recehed a Letter nf yours, Jattd at York /j6« Hu Loriftip^ 
fourth tf/ Oflober, and in it an Acttunt ef tht*^''^' 
Cstmtry PiepWs Grievances againfi our Army, t 
have not been many Days from tbm, and am exceed- 
ing fnry to bear that fifinrt a Time hath bred fo 
great a Change in their Behaviinir, My Care both 
fver been, and fi>aU he, to preferve them in Order, 
fnd the Country from Qppre^n ; and at I baoe ever 
teen ready toheartht^uftCantpkantsofAeMeatuA^ 
and to give them SatisfaSien and Keparat(tn, Jo I 
Jhell make it my Rtquefi to you, that all CamplainU 
of thefe Kinds may be reaify at my Return unto the 
jfrmy, which for that very Caufe I fisall bafien^ 
and you jhall fee Redrefs of them to the full; whick 
is all far the prefent can be faid to you at this Difr 
fantf, ijr 

Your verf afleAioiute Friend, 

L E V p N. 

The Lords put off the Confideratlon of aU thefe 
inters and Refilufiims of the Commons for two 
pays, and ordered all their Members co be fuin- 
pioncd againft that Timej Accordiif^l^i 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^le 

90 JTie Parliemfntary History 

An. iiCu.I. Oa. 17, All the above-menrioned Particulai» 
'- -* „ * being entered into,'it was objeficd, That, by aa 
ng^j^. Order of both Houfes of the 24th of OUaber^ 1644, 
what Doubts or Obje^ons fliall arire in either 
Houle, upon Ccnfideration of any Thing pfo- 
poundcd concerning the Scots Armies in England 
and Irdmd, the fame fliall be coramitted to the 
Committee of both Houfes, appointed to treat 
mdi the Scott Commiffianers j that, after Debate 
with the Scstt CoaimilTtoners, and full Under- 
ftanding of their Meaning, the Refult thereof may 
be reported to both Houfes. Atid it was debated, 
Wbttber the Matters of thcfe Papert and Letters 
Ihould be communicated to the Scats Commif' ' 
fioners by the Members of both Houfes of the 
Committee of both Kingdoms, before any Deter- 
mination of this Houfe therein ? And this Queftion 
was defired to be put : But a Queftion was put firft. 
Whether thefe Words, According to the Order ef 
the z^h af Oftober, 1644, jhail h addtd U the 
^ue/Ufftt i and the Fetei being equal, notfaing was 
■concluded, and this Bufinds was ordered to be 
taken into farther Confideration the next Morn- 

Oa. 18. The Debate on this important Bufi- 
nefs was refumed by the Lords ; and it was firft 
carried. That the Words, According to the Order of 
tftbt i^h of 0<a<Aer iafi, fhotild not be ad- 
ded } then toe former Qucftion beii>g again put, 
about communicating thcfe Matters to the St»ts 
Alit!i»ft«foiiig^'™"'^'>efs, before any Determination was 
^dbiutjoni oi made in that Houie \ it pafled in the Negative. 
f*F Coinmoiu After which, every one of the aforefaid Rtfilutians 
2Jrit; " of the Commwis were fevci^Iy read, and put 

to the, Quellion, and all qf them, uoantmoufly, 
agreed to. 

CenmtPoinn'i ^^- 2°- tellers from General Pointz were 
viSoiy oe»i read, being an Account of another great Viilory 
y'k^' * gaio^ ''y 'I'o* againft the King's forces near 
■"- ' ' ■ Sherburne^ 


,8/-ENGLAND. 91 

Sherhurnty in Ttr/^rt. For this another Day of A»^ »" ^"- *■ 
Th»nliJgiving wu appointed. ■^Jl^lLij' 

" - . oaubcT. 

No News from Sir Thtmat Fairfux having come 
for a long Time, the Houfe began to be uneafy 
about that General ) when thia Da^ , OH. 23, they 
were relieved by a LttUr from him, whidi wu read 
in tbe Houfe of Lords as follows : 

For the Right noKourable the Lord Grey of 
ff^ari. Speaker of the Houfe of Peeks pra 

My Lord, 
C'lna the Anof camt furthtr Weft, / bevt tut ctna^^mUet 
*^ pvtn yeur Ltr^finfi an Aanmt ef tht Atatien^'^^^^ 
ihtrctf: Upon tbe Arw/t Advance frm Chaid.^T' 
the Enettef marched with aooo Htrfe, vatk Ith- 
tentien, as we received InielUgence, tt break thro' 
and join with the Fortei about Oxford. Thtj feil 
bita the ^uartert of out Dragaeners^ where tbef 
Uvk Jome fiw Prifemrs, and returned immediately. , 
Tit whoie Armj advanced that Day after the Enemy 
t9 Honyton, where our Horfe lay in the Fields all 
Night tt watch their Motions j but coming nearer 
tt their ^turterj next Dai, ell the Enemy's Herfe 
drew 9Ver the River Ex ; upon which River, 
within three or four Milts oj Exeter, / quartered 
both Horfe and Foot, the better to keep the Enemy 
from making Attempt to march Eaftward. ^th the 
Refidne of the Army 1 marched u Tiverton, whi~ 
ther Majtr-General Maflcy was fent with famt 
Regiments, but found the Governor refolved to hold 
tut. U was, after Confultatien, agreed on to flarm 
the Place, the Seaftn of the Tear not admitting of 
much time ta be fpent about it ; and Yeflerday, after 
Sermon, having called a Council efWar to order the 
Manner of the Storm, the Gunner with a great 
Shot brake the Chain, whp-eby the Drawbridge fell 
dawn, and the Soldiers immediately entered and got 
ever the Works with little Oppofition : the Enemy fied 
into the Church and Caftle for their Security, where 
2 thtK 


92 ^ Par^'amenfary History 

An. 11. Cu. t ^ eraved Quarter fw their Lhet. JVe tmi Sir 
^ ^ ^^^- . Gilbert Talbot, Cdnely the Gaventor of the Ptacf, / 
QQfjati. '""' <^i>'tt 200 Prifarunt mare, four Pieces of Ord- 
nance, and thirty Sarreli of Powder. The fforis 
were very regular andflrong. 

The Army advanced this Day towardi the Enemy 
Weftward ; and at there is further Occaf$n your^ 
X.n-dfi>if Jhall not fail ef an Atcmntfrom 

Your Lt)C(lfliip*s 
TlTeiUB,0£t, toi 

»**S* Humble Scnrant, 


Hereupon the Lords ordered. That a Letter b? 
written by their Speaker to SJr Thntas Fairfax, to 
give him Thanks, in the Name qf that Houfe, for 
his great Care and Pains in the Condu£t of the 
Army ; accordingly a Letter was drawn, readi and 
approved of, and ordered to be fern as follows : 

Vn wUduH;* Fo'' *^^^ ^'' H<>t- ^i** Thomas Fairtax, Knight^ 
LotdtKtvoUn General of thq Forces raifed by the Parltameot. 

Noble Sir, 
J Am commandtd by, the Lordt^ th» Peers in Par- 
' liameaty to return you Tbanis: fir the great Care, 
Courage and Conduit of your Army ; nor ii there any 
Thing mere acceptable than the good Service, where- 
with it hath pUafed God to fecund your remark-^ 
able Endeavours at Tiverton, the Continuance of 
which we Jhall iHteJ/antly dffire, and impure tat 
Aid of the Almgbty to put a Period to thefe uh^ 
fiappy ffort. 

Your very affe^onate Friend, 

GREY of l^ari. Speaker of the Houfe 
of Peers pro Tejt^ore^ 

0£l. 25. A Letter came from the Lord HHiar- 

ton, out of Scotland, intimating, That^ at laft> the 

EngUJh Commiffioners had met the Scots at St. 

i^ Andrews^ 

I..., ,Gt)t)gle. 

{^ENGLAND. ^j 

AndrtWh, and continued the Trtttty with them Fo^ Ka, ■■ Cw.I. 
fomte Time : That the latter were gone towards '^*5- ^ 
Glafgow', to hold a Parliament there, on the very oa*w~"^ 
Day MoHtreji had fumtnoned a pretended one to 
meet at the fame Place : That they had done no- 
diing concerning Gairifons but what he was bring- 
ing with him to lay before the Parliament. 

0£i. 28. A Thankfgiving was ordered by 
both Houfes, for laoxtViiloriet in ff'alii ; as the 
reducing of the Counties of Pembroke, Cairmar- 
tben, and Cardigan, to the Obedience of the Par- j^ 'f\,t,;k^t\^ 
liament, by which his Majefty IcA almoft all his ipponud forth* 
Intereft in thofe Parts. And to Ihew to what a P»'l'"«n''» 
diftreffcd Condition the Kind's Affeirs were then g^j^" 
reduced, we becc fubjoin a Series of Letters, which 
were taken in the late Fight at Sberhume. 
They were delivered to the Lords at a Conference, 
and this Day, Os^ 30, read in their Houfe. As 
fome of thcle Letters were copied into the L»rdi 
journals, from Ori^nals of the King's own Hand- 
Writing, and others are as authentic, they muft be. 
allowed Curiollties, fmce we meet with none of 
them in the CalieSiions of the Tioies except that 
to Prince Rupert. 

A Copy of the KiKO's Letter, under his owti Hand, 
to the Lord Marquis of Ormond. 

CaerdifFe, July 31, 1645. 

/T hath pleafid God, by many fuueffrut Aiis/er- ^„ ioutnph* 
tunes, to reduce my Affairs of late from a very pro- I*ttufi«mth« 
fpereus Condition to fo low and Ebb, as to be a perfe£i ^^'^^q^^' 
Trial of all Men's Integrity to mt; and you being a '^'^" 
Perfott ■whom I conftder as mojl intirefy and gene- 
roufy refolved to Jland and fall Viitb your King, I 
dc primipallly rely upon youjor your uttnoji Affiftance 
in my prefent Hazards. I have commanded Digby 
I* acquaint you at largt vjitb alt Partieulart ef my 


94i ^ Par ^amenfary Hist ojtY 

a.»iCv;I. CnuiiliM, what I bav§ to bepty in^ ta^ orftAr% 

''♦i' vjhtrim you'll find, that if my ExpeSatim tfRe- 

Q^Ji^_ Utf tut gfh^toA. be not tnfinu gasd Miafurty mid 

&fiMyy anfuMTti, I am liktfy to Se rtduted U great 


. J hope fame of thofi Exfr^t^ vihieb I fint you 
fince my f^isfartunt by the Battit of Nafel^, arr 
eometoyou; and I am therefore confident that you art 
M* a' good Forv/ardneft for the finding ever ta 
me a confiderahlt Supply of Men, Artillery, aitd Am- 
mmitian. AU that I have to add it. That the Ne-'- 
. .-. . ttjfuy of your JpudHy performing them is made .. 
muih more prefing by nevi Difafters \ fo that I a^ 
falutely command yati, what Hk^eard foever that 
Xingdtm may run by it, perfonaUy to kring me all 
t^t Fonei of tvhat Sort fiitver yott can draw from- 
theneei and leave the Government there during your 
4bfence in the fittiji Handr that ym Jbedl judge to 
SJiharge it ;for I may ml watU you here to com~ 
mand theft Foreei which will be brtughtfrom thence, 
arid fitch ai'fram hence Jball be joined to thorn : Bui- 
you mafi not underhand thii at a Permijfun to you to 
grant to the Iriihi »« cafe they will not ctherwifi 
have a Peace, any Thing more in Matter of Religien 
than what I have allowed you already ; except only im^ 
fome convenient Parijhes, whtre the much greater Num- 
ber are Papifls, I give you Power to permit them to 
have fome Places which they may ufe ai Chapels for their 
Devotions, if there be no ether Impediment for ob- 
taining a Peace \ but I will rather chufe tafuffer all 
Extremities, than ever to abandon my Reltgion, and 
particularly either to Englifli or hiSi Rebels; to 
, which EffeSI I htroi commanded Digby to write 
tff the Agettts that were employed hither, giving yeu 
Power to caufe to deliver, or fupprefs, the Letters at 
yau flMsll find beft- fir tny Service. 

To conclude : If the Irilh ^11 fi unworthily take 
Advantage of my weak Condetion, as to prefs me tt 
thai which J cannot grant with a fafe Confeieme, 
and without it to rejeil a Peace, / command you, if 


?f E N G L A N D, 9j 

J9U WW, tapnctirt afvrihtr Ctjatian ; tfnoty to ma/tt *•■ •i*^* '• 
/seA Drvi/tnu ai ytu ran onungA them ; and rathtr i_Jl**l_/ 
Uavt it to the Chanee tf War btivuten them and. thfi ■ Oflaba. 
Far as tuhttb yau canntt draw frwn tbenet U my Jlfif- 
ance, than ta give my Cenfint to anyfiuh Alianmnc* ef 
Pspery, as majl evident^ tring DtfiruSitH It that 
frofiffian, which, by the Gract af God, I fitelt ever 
maintain through all Extremities. / hiew, Omtoiid, ' 
that I impofe a very hard Tajk vpen yam : but if God 
profper mty you will be an happy a»dg^imt Stdyeff [ 
if othervjipyyou wiU perifit neUy and genermfify whi 
and for him who it 

Your afiUred Friend, 


A Copy of the KiNC'i i^^//r- toPiince Rupert, 

Nephew, Caerdiffe, July 31, 16+^. 

er'HfS is eceafonfd by a Ltxter pf yotiri that the Aimhttto 
•^ Dui* of ^Kiimond _fi>ewed me li/lemight i ^jia^ Princr Rnpert. 
frfi, I affure yoM, that I have been, and evtr will be, 
very careful to aivertifeyou of my RtplutioHs Jo fiim at 
thty were taken ; and if I enjoined you Silence i« that 
which VMS n* Setrety it was not my Fault, for I thought 
it one } and I am fure it ought to havt been fi. 

Now, as for your Opinion of my B^mefs, and 
your Counfel ihiriupon, if I had any other ^uarrtl 
htt the ZStftme ofnty Religion, Crown, and Friends^' 
you had full Reafon for your Advice ( fir toinftfi 
thaty fpeaiing eithir as a mire Soldier or Stat^~ 
man, I mujt fay that there is tio Probability but of 
my Ruin ; yet, as a Chri/lian, I mujl tell you that 
Gad will net fuffir Rebels and Traitors to prejper, 
nar his Caufe to be overthrown ; and whatfaeuer per- 
fanal Puni^ment it Jhall pliuf* him ta infia upon 
me, mufi not make me repine, nmti lefs give over 
■ {•] Thb Ltltir h dittd ^giijl t, fa Hiyftti'* Edllloaor At 
Kuf'tl^tHti m which ilCa rbc PifTHC ia the Rsman CiiHtBttt 
bMWMi Crn(ch«u it minticd : %iu. no Nome U thcnia Ukcn i,f tht 


^6 'tie ParUamenthty HisToftV 

At.. »i. C«. i. tbU parrel. [And (b) there h as llttU ^ejlhn thd 
^ '**i- a Compofitim with them, at thit Time, is nstbtng etfi' 
OoJbei. *"' " ^^^'"iffio" i] -which, by the Grace afGod, Iai4 
refilved againft^ whatjaever it coft me ; for J know mi 
Obligations to be, both in CQufeiencf and Honour^ nei-^ 
tber tt abandon God's Caufit i*ytire my Sucee_ffarSf nor 
forfake my Friends. 

Indeed I tannef fiait'er myfeif -with Expeilation of 
good Suuefs, more than ihis) ta end my Days witH 
Honour ahd a good Conftitnce ; which obliges- me to 
eontinae nty Endeavsttrsi, ai not defpairing but that 
God may yet, in due Time, avenge^ his ouiH Caufe ; 
though J muji avow to all my Friends, ihat he wh9 
willjiay with me at this Timi, mufl expeSl ahd refoht 
either to die far a good Caufe, or, which is worjie, ti 
Rve as miferable in maintaining it as the violent Ragi 
efiufidting Rebels can mate him. 

Having thus truly, and t belled imparUalLyi Jlatid 
my Cafe unto you, andplai^y told yon my pojitive Refo- 
tians, whichi by the Grace of God, I will not alter, 
they being neither lightly Or fiiddenly grounded, learne/i- 
ly deftre you no ways to hanker after Treaties ; ajfuring 
you, as low as I am, I will do no more than was ofer' 
tdin my Name at Uxbridge ; confejjing, that it iveri 
as great a Miracle that they fhould agree to fo mutb 
Reafon, as that I Jhsuid he, within a Month, in the 
fame Condition at I was immediately before the Battle 
j/'Nafeby. Therefore, for Gad's Sake, let us not 
fiatter ourfelves with thefe Conceits j and, believe me^ 
the very Imagination that you are deftrous of a Treaty 
[for that, at this Time, and a SubiniiCon is all one] 
will hut lofe me fo much the foaner. Wherefore, ai 
jSu love me, (whatfiever you have already done) ap- 
ply your Difcourfe hereafter according to my Refolulion 
mnd fudgmenti 

As for the Irifli ; / affitre you they Jhall not cheat 
Mu, hut it is pojjjible they may cozen themfihes j for hi 
ajfured, that wkat I have refufed to the Englilh^ 
/ will not grant to the Irifh Rebels j tiever irufting 


.{^ENGLAND. 97 

ftp that Kind sfFi^pU-, ef what Nation fievir,. mart *"■ *i-<;ir. t 
than I fee iy their AHiam ; and I am fiidingfotb . '^**- 
a Dijpatcb-lo Onnond, or, lam/ure, iviil pieafi yau ^"oeUml^ 
aadail hont/i M*" i a Copy whertaf^ by the next Op- 

partunity^ yeu Jhall have. 

LajHy, bn confident that I would not have put yoU nor 
myfelfto theTrouhle ef thii long I-ecicr, had I net fl-. 
great Bjlimation ef youy end a full Confidence of your 
Friendfiiip to, 


"fhe King's Letter to the Marquis of Ormond, 
concerning.the Marquis of Glankick ard, dated 
May 13, 1645. 

Right Trufty and Right Wdl-bcI6vod Goufiji 
iind-C«un»llor, wcgmt you-well. 

Tt^E leim fulfy fat'nfied 9f the goad Affiffion ta'A TWrt ip- 
'^^ our Service of our Right Trafty and Entirely- ^'"f,^^^^,,^, 
beloved Coiufmt Ulrick Marquis of Clanrickard, <wrfV;ckw[Vpti*f ' 
conceiving it to he much for our Service, the Addilitn "^"m'^liixin 
of a Perjon af his jibility to aur Council Board in Ire-*'*''^ 
t^A, are ^acioufly fleafed^ and do hereby require and 
authorize you, la admit him into our Privy Cguneil 
there j and that you adminifier to him the ufual Oaths 
af a MiJuJier af State in that our Kingdom-, and as 
for any ether Oath to be on this Oceafion adminijlered 
unio him, our Pleafure is, that you ebfirve the Form 
^prefed ia the l^th Article afour Graces andhjiruc- 
Sifins fent ever unto aur Deputy and Cauncil of that 
Kingdom; by the Agents, in the Year 1 628, without re- 
quiring the [aid Marquis to take any other Oath ; /Ai 
Statute, I £liz. ar any ithtr Statute, Orde'^ ar Infiruc- 
tian, to the contrary notwith/landing. And you are ti 
taufe him. to have and enjoy all Privileges, Prebi- 
minfnces, and other Benefits belanging to one of our 
Council there i and for yaur fa doing thisjhall be yaur 

Given ftt our Court at Dreitv^eh the 1 3tb Dajr 
ofMeyt 1645. 


98 72tf Partiamentary H 1 s -r o r Y 

An. 11 Car. I. A Draught of zLftt^rtothcMarquis of OnMONDr 

. ''*^' ^ . , for CommiiEons, i;fc, dal«J Afa)" 22, 1645. 

oaob... jtight Trufty and Right Entirely-beloved Cou- 

i\R and Counfellor, we greet you well. 

Another Mn- JT^Hereasy upon the Treaty cf Peace, yau did for 

wniini r""i"l '^ uty amongji other Things, and in our Name, 

Ou RomwTi;*'- "^'^ wi(i tho/e liiho treated with you in the Behalf 

thotiduiaihu 0/' the Confederuted Roman-Cotholicks, that they 

>"»l*«»*- p^euld tontinue the Poffeffioh af fueh of our Citiei^ 

TownSi Forts, and Cafiles^ which they new have 

under the,ir Obedience, untill there be fuch a Settle- 

^ ment as upon the /aid Treaty ii agreed to be done ; 

yet fa as they be camraanded, ruled, and governed itg 

Chief by fuch as we, nr our Chief Govemer ar Gf 

vernort of that our Kingdom of hdmd, for the Tinu 

heing,.JhaU appoint : 

And whereas you did promise for us, and in our 
Name, That we vfduld grant Commi^ns », and_ 
\ ." appoint Jiich Perfon and Perfons, as JbaU be agreed^ 
. en the Treaty, far the executing af fueh Commandi^ 
Hule, or Government, to continue untill all the Ar- 
" tides agreed on to be paffed in Parliament, fi)aU ht 
dccordingly paffed \ ahd that we would ijite Com- 
mons to fuch Perfans, as Jhall be agreed on the 
Treaty, for the puriijhing af fuch capitdi Offences 
at haVe happened Jince the l^h Day oj'' September, . 
J643; or jhould henceforward, during the Time 
tjorefaidi happen ; ajid far the ordering of fuck 
Things at Jhould Be fir the Peace and TranqusUitf 
tfthat Kingdom, ana the well-otdering of the Army^ 
And the' raijing and _ protliding of Meant fir the 
Support thereof : We being '■Very willing and def rout- ' 
iAit 01 Well thai, as whal/deveT elfe Jhall be under* 
taten by you ufon 'the Treaty, be punSiuaily ebferved^ 
.ha>e thought ft, by tiej'e our Letters, to authorize 
an I require you to caufe Letters Psient, under the 
G-eat Seal of that our Kingdom, to be paffed unto 
yju, whieh-may outsize and give Power to yoU tv 
fffuefuch Commiffions, under the Gttat Seal of that 
■ fur Kingdom, as you have upon the Tmtyfer us, 


«^ £ N G L A N Di 5(j 

HH^ in eur Name pramlfed t» our fatd Subj fill, §r AiLtiCu.U 
wbiehf uptn the faidTiezVf, yaufiall hireafter prt- , '**i' -^ 
miff unfa them ; and fiuh gtbtr Commijfisntt off QSb>Ut. 
ter the Cmdu/Mn af the Peace tn that our ^ King- 
dom, at jiou Jhaii think fit far the edvaming eftht 
. Naiivei "^ that aur Kingdom^ without Exeeptieny 
ta any PlAcei of Command^ Honour^ Profit, ai^ 
Trufi in eur jtrmifS there, according to their re/pee* 
five Mtriti and Ahiiities ; and that by jou m Dif^ 
ferena he made therein between them andaur athergaod 
Subfeiii, according to the Anjwer made by you on ouf 
Behalf ta the Englifti Propofition, 

Ih which rifpeitivt Conmlijjions yati art to cauji 
fiuh Grentt and Non-Obfervants to be infertedl, 
as may remtve all Impediments and Hinaerancet- 
wbatfiiruer, whith da or may djfablt any af eur /aid 
SubjeSfs to exercije the faid Placis ; and far your 
fo daing this JhHU be unto you, and other our Chief 
Gavrrtter and GoVemtrs fat- thoT^me being, and ta 
. aur ChanifUor or Keeper af the Great. Seal there far ■ . 
l£f ^r'ffw heir^\ and to aU atheri jvbam it may catf- 
- iemi fuffitient fVarrant, notwithJldndiHg any fur- 
ther Vfage, Rtjhaint, Order ar A£i af Parli^ 
ment to tit eantrary ; And fa Vie bid you heartily 
foTMielii . . . 

Given at our Court at Btitin^ tlas izd of Mtyi 

His MAjtsTv's Lfker, m b is own Hand, to tfic 
Martjuis of Ormqnc. 

- QmanAt 

jFind by yeun fi t>ighyj that y'oS ere /amewbat 
^ UdtiiM rut ta cMclitde the Peace, withouli at 
leaft; ihi Ctntvrrtnce tf the Council there ; vihith, 
if yfB tnilH proture, I ianfefs it •would be ft much 
the inrhtr i dnd therefore 1 have fad hereantball 
miathtf Letter ta yeu^ it it cor^aaaiicaied ta.themi 
tuhidt iaiet aft. thoft Rafit-i^ent ivhith I laidfar- 
merfy kpsn yau in a ptdilfc Letter ; ; but- the. Irifli 
Peace is affuch abfilute Neceffily, that ntCatttplt* 
mentt ar pdttitul4;r RefpeS whdtfoever itdijl kaeier 
it ) V/beriflfre,' I abfolutely tanrnumd yeuy mtbtui 
G 4 Reply 


|oo 77}e ParSamerttary History 

Aa.%tCn.l. Reply, to ixecute the Dirt^ion I fintjoii ihtllthtf 
'*4i- / February laji, g'l^'^i pu Leave U get the Afpreba- 
oacAo! tUn of the Counitl, ft as, and m otherwift, that if 
Jeeking it, you do net haxard the Peace, er fi much «s 
en jiffrtnt, hy ■their foeiijh refufiug t» etncur with jtu \ 
. fmmifmg you, upm the I ford tfa King, that if Gid 
frafpers me, youfluiU bt fn far frtm receiving arry Pr*- 
yudice hy doing thitfi necrjjary a iVtrky though eUne^ 
. that I will it as one tf the (biefeft of your 
greatej} Services to me ; and autrdingly you fiall bt 
thought tifott iy 

Yotxt afliired Friend, 

Another iMeer, dated Oiloher lo, 1645, Irona 
Newark (c). 

' was more meloneholy than, upon fetSnd tbeughtt^ 
I VJOtild have turitteH ; hut the Trtith is, the Lofs of my 
Lard of Litchfield, and lame other gatiant Men, tod 
in the Nick of that the Rtbels printing Books ^ my 
Lord Montroie'i tclal Ovatbrnu, had put me imt*a 
Fit of deeper Melancholy and Defpair than I iavt 
ft^ before btfnfubjeO to. 

Since that, I have received Expreffit frtm my 
Lord Montrofe, vJitriin he relates the truth of hft 
late Misfortune en the I7,th of September, «f Phili'i^- 
haugh, near Selkirk, whertia he Ufi, in ally but 
200 Men ; and bids us be ajjiired, that ytt, ere 
iVinter, he will be in England wth a gallaiU Jrviy, 
Ife do fsnee receive daily Confrmatiens, from nil 
Parts in the North, that ht hath ranted David 
Lefley ; bis ether Fercesy then abfent, being e^ge 
up to him ; for at Philiphaugh he was only a fmB 
Party, invited to the Borderi by Roxbrongh oiid 
ethers, who ietrayed him. TVe fi>all m fooner jy- 
teivt M Eitfrffi of his good Cmdiiietty but we Jb^U 

{t) TIkk !■ IM Nunc m ihh tutir \ %n, tram Laid Cli rentn^i 
' Aecount of the tCioc'i AAiri KtKuTi«iet it Keim to km I>ko 
mote bjr JUi|d'£^^ eg Loll) ;iirmja,nSt.Ctmou't. 


?r S N G L A N D. . lot 

mJeavcur ta get him : In tit nuan Timt hirt tve rtji *"■ » ' C>f. I. 
«*»«/ Newark, {tUi wtlikluJI Place t» ht btfiegeJ, and . '***" . 
tatjirangeft if it it, and from ivhtnee the King (onnst qoJmi, 
it hindtrtdfram marching auMy with bis Harfi mt any 
Tinu) mbilher we marched from Chirlce without any 
Intermfttioa ; Pointz bavingy it f cents ^ htem toa much 
hrahn tafiUow m, and tpinianated,Jince the Sitge of 
Qiefter. If hi gives us Leifure till wi learn the Cer- 
tainty s/'Montrofc, be will much oblige us; if net, 
I bap*^ luitb that Additlm, which we may receive fram 
this Garrifen, nie may be. able ta fight with him for aur ' 


IVi art ill bturfy E*pelttitim afan Anfwerfram the 
Scots yfrmy ta thaje Overtures made u> ta them, where~ 
af I atbitrtifed yau farmerlj, and we have Csufe t) 
hape well af that Negotiatian. 

It were impertinent ta trauble you from hence with 
the Weftern News, which certainly will came much 
freflier la yau from the Original. 

/TGoring hath given Mafley fuch a Defeat at !i 
beltrved^ and thai Fairfax hath drawn back his Army 
again/I bim, there will then be a fair Blew far the 
felting US as high again as ever. I hope that aur Mif- 
fortunet will nat maie yau faint there in fiUciting ail 
paffUile Supplies ef Monies, Arms, and Ammstnitien ; 
far whenever fudden' Damps moyfei%e us upon unex- 
piOtd Difaflers, I hope, upon the Reeolleitian, wejball 
nastf ofusdeubt but Gsd will, In the End, magnify his 
Juflice in the Profperily of his Majefiy's Caufe. 
Whenever happens, Ut her Majejiy be affured, that /, 
in the Diftbarge of my Duty, Jhallflill make good that 
Canfdenee which Jhe hath teen pleafed ta have ofmtt 
and that Part which becomes the Title af 

Your perfect Fiiend, 

The Lards foumals aOd, That there were dl- , 
vers other Letters communicated at the Confctence, 
but the iix ToregDiiig were the principal ; and that 
the fame Day, 0£i. 30, their Speaker acquainted 
die Houfe with a Letter from the Scots Coinmil- 
G 3 lioticrs 


ji)i 7J^ ParJiameniary Hmtorv 

Ab. iiCic.i. fioners with a Paper inziokA, whi<Jh vmt readi 
.^'y ^ as follows: 

For the Right Honourable the Speaker of tbq 
^ ■ Houfc of Peers. 

My LorJ, 
7//"£ i(K;f rec(ived Intelligence from hii Excel- 

trifliMintcD- iQOp Horfe^ under the Command of Sir Marinzduke 
ierninstheStmreLaagdale ««</ the ter^ "Digby, is marched from. 
J;^^;^'"^';;'' Slcipton through Lancaftire, into Cumberland; 

■ - upan Notice whereof he hafh fi^t the . mo/l of hit 

Cavalry to purfue them : And we are alfe advertifed^ . 
that /even Shi^i are arrived upon the Vti'ajl of Cum-- ' 
bertand from Ireland. ' Hit Excellpuy doth further 
dc^uaint vh That he hath given a firiH Order to 
ali the Officeri end Soldiers under his Command not 
to exaSl any MonieSy or to lay any AJfeJjinents upon 
the Country % hut to content ihemfelva with free 
Quarters, not exceeding the Proportion former^ a- 
greedupon hy the Commilttf of both Kingdoms ; and, 
that it m'igkt appear ifow (lefrous he was thiijhould be 
carefully obfervfd, %e koth tent hfj S^uarttr-Majler- 
General to the Ctmmtt'ee of Yprt, tarttejilj deftrihg^ 
ihem to appoint 'fuch'as they Jhoitld thini ft, 'to' join 
vtilh others nominated by his Excilkncy, to make a fair . 
Survey of all the garters of the Scots Army, thai 
tvhatfiever ^otdd be fund amifs might be redrejfed at 
their own Sight, . ' ' 

' In the man Time he Is advertifid of a Pcclara- 
tiorj to be pt^bli^ed by the GomaiiJ/ioners of the County 
^York, wherein it if declared to the People, thai 
there is a Courfefetihd for the Pay of the SCots Army, 
up'on w/nch it is io. depend; and all QonfiabUs and 
ether Perfons whatjoever art prohibited to 'lew an; 
Money vr-Provifions for thtTJfe of that Arm,y^^ ■ ^ 

It ii well known to the honourable 'Houps of 
parliament, ■ that notwith/landfng t^ty have, by Dr3i- ■ 
fiance of Parliament, fettled <f- Courfe for the Pa^ 
of t/iat Army, , how inetfeSiiial ■ thefe Means have 
proved, J and that the Scot? Arn^ have only received ' 
Sm MontVs Pay, advanced by the City of Lundon; 


»/ EN G LA N D. loj 

■far theft tight Menths pafl : And wt caimet underfland A«. aiCw.I. 
- tvbat thai Jmy is U depend on, /met tht Cturfe ftttltd . '**t- ' 
by OnJiaance ff Parliament affordt them no St^Ji/i- oaJb«i. 
Offfff (77k/, in /fo BjMfl Time, free garter net ai/nth- 
fd^tbem, Ktr any »ther Means vjhereSj they mayfubjyi ; 
andunlefs they take free garter, or be atbtrwife fr»~ 
videdfsr, we atnnit fee haw it can he awijed hut that 
ihty Pali either ^arpe er difiand, 

fVe have herewith fent a C:py aftbat Dfdaratioa, 
and da tanuftly intreat the H'tfet af Parliament tafm- 
fider ta what Straits and Extremities that Armfit 
driven^ what Difcour^gemmts they meet with in the 
PabUe Service j and that they w^uid he pleafed ta take 
fame ffeedf Ceurfet whereby that Army may be enter- 
tain^ . and the Incaitveniences whitb may tn^e 
Upon fsuh a Declaration fpeedily prevented. All 

' tahitb we afferfar na other, Bnd^ than that a gaod JJn- 
derjiandi^ may be kept between the Kingdoms, and that 

■ ^rmy envied ta profeeute the Service againft the cam- 
/nan Unett^. H^t remain^ 

Your reiy aflb^UohaU Frieri<Is 

and Servant^, 

oa. »i, i«4s- LOUDON. 


- the peflarKtion tAntiamd in the faregaing Letter 
was as follows : 

By the Standing Committees af the three Rid-: ' 

ittgt of the Caunty of '^0[)ti0fnbUd together. . - ., • 

* VJ plaints of the Inhabitants of this Couiiiy, ii„ commjSnr 
I f touching the intolerable Burthens impofed upon fno^Air.irment 

♦. them by the Commanders in the Scots Army, it q^^,)*" '**°" 
•as declared, by the fpecial Ordinance of Pariia- 

* ment. That there is a Courte fettled for t^e Pay 

* of tlK r^d Army, i^pon which it i9" W dupend, 

•■ "ind 


io4 7)^ ParUammtary H i s T b r y 

An. a ■ Ctr. t. * and whereof this County is to pay no more tfa«n 
' "*f' ..' * the certain Proportion limited by the faid Or<C- 
Nuieinbcr. * """f^i and that to be levied by certain Perfons, 

* nominated and authorized as Committees for that 

* Purpofe } and that this County Ought not to be 

■ charged with the Entertainment of the Seats 
' Artny, further or otherwife tnan by the faW Or~ 

* finance is diieited ; and therefore if any Coo- 

* ftables, or other Perfons whaifoever, (hall aJlels 

* or levy any Money or Providorts, or fliall exe- 

* cute any Warrant for fuch l-evy, by any Autbo- 

* rity whatfoever, other than from fuch Coinmtt- 

* tees, or other Perfons in that Behalf intrufted bv 

■ the High Court of Parliament, the Perfons fo 

* tranfgretTmg and invading theLiberty of the Sub- 
' je£^s of England muft expe^ to give Accounted 
f their Doings, and mnii anfwer the fame unto the 

* Parliametit ; which the faid Committee have 

* thought fit to publifh) to the End that all Parties 
4 concerned may take t(oe Notice thereof.' 

Grvn at York the 23 «/0<Sober, 1 645. 

Nfvejn}*r, The ^firft Occurrence of this Month 
worth our Notice, is a Letter to the Parliament, 
from Prince Rv^en, whom the King bad dripped 
0/ all his Commiflion; alraut fix W eeks before on 
, afconnt of his fyrrcjidcring oif Briflal to General 
Fairfjx {a). 

' To ^e ^ight Hon, the Lokds and CoMUpNS 
allembled in the-Parliainent at ^^^jTfflfn^CT-. 

My Lords and Gentlen^en, 
frirw Jtopit'i TTAVIljG dettrmhud with mj Snlhtr Prhuf 
i^r" fo. "^ Maurice, my i-ard {iawley, ^ur*/ Gcrrard, 
l'"t'^'^if!h*?''' Richard Willis, and many Officeri anti GentU-. 
y^i.^\ men of polity, tt> leave tkit Kingdtm^ l^g il- 

tagether dijengagtd from that Sennet we havt bien 
in i it 1>ath given mt tl^f OuaRon to defirt this Fa.- 

U) Tb« K*"*'" t«"r to PriDW S»/*rf on Mr Ocraiion it giTCQ 
ujbT Lort ClaradtBi (V..I. IV. Im. £4Jk p. 69+.) bui ii M? 
prif).fji)i ;V>t Monmli't f^w^. 


of E K G L A 1* D. ' loj 

«aw frtm yov^ thai pu wtuld grant a Paft far mt, *»• »» C«. I. 
tnj Brttbtr Maurice, and thtfe Noblnun and GtntU- . ''*^' t 
Tiun. thai camt along with mt^ tegfthtr with tbtir Ser- urmnWn 
vaats, Horfetf and all Ntceffartii^ ta ge htyand tbt 
Stai, «r to ritht ta their Htufeiy as fiall be map f»r 
their LMivemtncy (b) : And I engage tiif HmauTy far- 
myfe^and them, that nt AS af H^ilitj Jball he dane 
bf MI ; and that there is no elier DeRgn in aur gaing 
than tt ga whither aur particular Occafians and De~ 
fires p>aU lead us. I have therefore addrejfed unta yaU 
tint Gentiemaa, Litutenant-Caunel Ofborne, tuha cast 
affiert yav that mj Intentitns are na ether than what 
f have here frefeffed; and, by him, I JbaU «*- 
ftS the Rgturrt of my Difires, wherein ym will 

Your Friend and Semnt, 

WhetWa, Oft, aj, 

'64S- RUPERT. 

This Requeft of the Prince's being taken into 
Confidcration the fame Day, both l«)ufes agreed 
to grant a Pafs as delired, u[>on the Conditions 
exprefled in the Letter. But at the fame Time a 
Committee of Lords and Commons were appoint- 
ed to confider of the Manner of this Pafs, and re- 
port the fame to the Houfes. 

A day or two after the Committee brought la 
a Fonn of a Pais, which was nead and approved 
on, along with the Inftru'£tiona for thofe that fbould 
take the Engagement required ; which was. Never' 
more to bear Arms, or a£t Ay Thins *■'■ 
g^nft both Houfes of the Parliament of Englaadf 
or againfl the Eltates of the Parliament of Scatland, 
or againft any of theif Forces in any of the King's 


[h] Mr. W^'Kir wchci, ' ThilibcNDmbn of tbrfe venjtxmt 
.4CD, thcmeiDcli wbcteof w» aCiptiin, who hid laid doWo tfaeii 
Commifliont, ie\'r.tA the Kinj, »nil brtroit thrm to Wtn^n-Hnfi, 

fca Mco Mlitt itca A'nt'Titj •Vw'-'J ^^°* oponihdi Gmid' 
Kmriab, p. it jt 


i<>6 7?r Parliamentary History 

**"Cir-'- ■ NHi. 6. The following Letter from Majoi*- 
, * *^' . General Puirti was read, direi^ed to tlw Lord 
X-t":ieia. -Grey X^ IVarke^ Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

My Lord, ...... 

TAm to render yeurLirfiJktp this brief Acatmt tf 

^;i?l7b? "'*'" " P^^f'^ ^"^ '" ^"f'"' "' '" '^'^'* Starm- 
S-MnmgShtl- >>tg Bf S\\t\icrA'\io»(t on Saturday. Having Jen$ at 
biKt Houfe. jirci^ Party af Horfi and Dragoans to attend ike- 
King' a Motions, in cafe he fteis to break aw^ fhap 
Newark, / aduenced. towards Shelford,.w^e. CoU- 
nel Roster joined with ipe, I prefentfy elapt down 
kefve it, and took divers ofthiir Mm PrifonerSy who 
vurf got into the Church. This Day, being prepared 
for a Storm, I fummoned the Houfe, tvbtrcio the young 
Gi'oernor (6) returned a very peremptory Anfwer ; 
vi^ernepon imfell on with much Refehction on all Sides^ 
emd were entertained for half an flouy vjiik like Cou- 
rage; but at length they were forced to leave that hot 
Service. They were in all near 200, moft of tht 
^eeti'i Regiment being there i ai^tit 40 of them ejcap'%. 
edwiththeir Lives,andiVf brottgH Pripnirs into this 
Town^ the reji put to'the Swtrd. The G over nor, being 
' dangeroufly Jhot and wounded, was flript for dead j , 
iutfotne Officers took Pity an the yout^ Qenutman and 
. got him off \ peradventure this may recover him. T^e 
London Brigade behaved ihemfehes very faithfully 
in this Service ; the reji wanted no Courage , t» 

Our next Dejign is agatnfi Wiverton -Houfe, and. 
..I hope the ftrfi News will be that it is reduced ; houi- 
■ ever I fliall ufe my faithful Endeappurf ih(reini 05^ 
in all other RefpeSs continue^ 

My I>ord» 

and faithful Servant till Death, 
BiD|b*iii| Nor. X, ' 



(«] A Sen of iVt C"I «f CbtfiffiU, Oman of Stilfiri. 


5/ E N G L A N D. 107 

P. S. The King it ft'tU at Newark. / havt «*"■ »« ^'- 1. 
firwg Party that wails his Metian. • , ' *^' . 

StTy I haU it mctjjary that Shelford-Houfc he am- M^f^BiMr^ 
timed a Garrifin 'till Newark be reduted ; 'till which 
Tinu I dtfire your Qrieriftr Lieuttnant-Caknil Carle- ' 
ton, who behaved hinjfelf faithfully in the Public Ser- 
*»«, te be the Gniern^ thereof. 

The Speaker of the ^oul'e of Lords was ordered 
to write a Letter to General Ptintx, to give him 
Thanks fron^ that Hopfs for l)is good ^rvice and 

Nfv. 1 1 . The Lord Wharton and the reft of the 
EngUfi) CommilEoners being returped out of Stat~ 
land, this Day hi^ Lordfhip deljvere^ In tq the 
Houfe an Account of thejr Negotiation, which 
was comprifed in the following Letters and 
MemeriaU : ^ 

For the Right Hon. the Commissioners of the 
' Hon. Houfes of the. Parliament pf Engltnidt for 
. the prcfent at Berwick. 

My Lords and Gentlenten, 
^rr£ are all as dtfifaus to met V'th your Lord- Lorf WhutM*i 
T Jkips as you can be, and as forty for the not doing Namtjuoftht 
rfii; but it was not in our Power Jhoner to ^-ww « "'^H™ J!^ 
Meeting, as we have,, front Time to Time, reprejent' jiifl, jmi Scon ' 
id unto you, before God gave our Forces that happy Commiffinrer*. 
yia,r, tg„nj th, H^H' 't Philiphaogh, ^nSL'S',™?* 
that Ttrne lue have befn ^eceffiiated to be with the 
^rmy, both for raifing the Country and prafecuting 
the fCt£iory ; and although thf Stay ofthofe, that are 
ty the Parliament appointed to treat yjith your Lord- 
finps, hi very necejfary at this Time, yet we have 
appointed them to ire with you at Berwick, as you 
dtfire, on Monday the (it^ of this Month, at Two 
t'Cltci, which was the foonefl that we cotfld pofjiily 
imagine they were able to be there, fo many of them 
^eing fa far dijtant ; in the mean Time we have 


loS l%e Parh'amefttary Hi s t ox r 

4m, zi Cv, ifijii yati a Cafj rf the Ctrnmiffkn viHch tht ParUa~ 
. *^^^ . wuM pan theft tool are apfeintid ta treat with jeu j 
At antbifioe Pnutr It in the Cenwdttte af Effates, 
vJis have the Power to give Iti/ifuSititt, Wt art 
tmfidetittht ^tuntm efboth Ctmrntttti mil be near 
Bennck. at that Ttmt. We refi. 

Your very afieftionate Friends 

^M- and Servants* 

Crawford and DAtHousE. 
Lindsay. Coupar. 

Lauderdale. Patrick HepAOrW. 

Balcarras. Arch. Sidesarp. 


TSr ParSameta ef Scotland's Commission, 
tnentiuud in the fttt^ting Letter. 

• A T ^'rt*' *e 7th Dot of AaguJI, the YcaC 

• t\ of God 1645* ^^ £fHtes of Parliament, 

• iKnr convened in 3ie fourth Seffion ^ this firft 

• Triennial Parliament, by virtue of the laft Aftof 

• the Uft Parliament, bolden by his Majefty and 

• the rtireeEftatcs, Amuzb^i, confidering that the 
' Honouratle Houfes of the Patiiament of Eng- 

• landiavty by their leam of the Day- 
'of , declared that they have made choice 

• of fonie C<«»miffioncrs, and authorifcd them 

• with Power to repair into this Kingdom, Mid to 

• treat on fuch Things a* arc intrufted to them, 

• and concerning the Good and Intereft erf both 

• Kingdtvns ; and firvding it expedient, for this Ef- 

• feft, thaifome Perfcnsof each Eftatebc emjfcy- 

• cd to join with thofc our ConurtiiEoners, for- 
' meriy nominated by the Eftates of this King- 
« dom, for treating anent the Articles of Pcact 

• with the Kingdom of England, do therefore no- 

• ininate, make Choice of, add and conjoin to thd» 
A ' forefaid 


5^ E N G L A N D. 109 

*'~foniaid former Conuniffionen for the Trtatft Ac 4«. »t Ok. K 
*■ Perfons underwritten, wa. Jilm Earl of Cr^m*- . '**^ ^ 
« firj, William Earl of Marfiall^ mUiau £arl of , 

* L^Jurij Sir 7*Am HtntihtH of Ormiflmt Juffice 
< ClerL, Sir /^irni Cachrm-y Mr. &>f7t Jj«/' 

* <£-M(, and Mr. j/ltxander fftddtrhMrn^ ConuniT- 

* fioncTj for the Town of DunJu ; Jofo Kemudf, 

* Conuniffioner for tbeTownof^Vi md ff^lUam 

* GitaJan, CommiJIioiier for the Town ^iKiricxi^ 

* irigbty or any five of x\Km% there being oqc of 
■ e!K:h £{latc to meet with the CommiiSoocra fiv 

* ff^Jiifuf at ) or any other Place 

* ^e Cominictec c^ Eftues fhalt think, fitting ; and 

* to hev than, receive any Propofitions that Jhall 

* be given in to them, and to give in Propofitioiis 

* to them, anid to treat and debate di^rcupos, 

* according to the Inftru^ons dven them by the 

* Parliament or Committee of states. 

ALEX'. GIBSON, CV. Sfgifi. 

Tit Scots CrmmiJ^twt Ai^MCy fir hit tmufig 
ta Berwick, 

Btrwuit Oa. 6» 1645. 

* '1T7 E are CQimnAndod by the Committee of 

* W Eftates to (hew vfxta your Lordlhips, 

* and thefe Noble Genclem^n^ tlut the Conditioa 
** of Affairs in our Kit^gdom has been fuch, tiiat 

* wc could not, accwding to the Intention of tbe 

* Parliament and the Committee, meet with you 
*' before this Time, being diverted by our necel^ry 

* Attendance upon the Armies ; and that we are 

* now ready to receive, from you, fuch Pripoji- 

* tiw as YQU have in Charge to offer in Behalf of 

* the Parliament of Englanlunto the Parliament of 

* Stotkwd or their Committee. We arc further 

* commanded to acquaint your Lordfhips and 

* tjiefe Noble Gentlemen, ThtxThurfdaj, the 14 h 

* In&ant, is appointed f^r a Mtecing, at St. An- 

* drtwi^ of a Quorum of both Committees, reft- 

"H : * dent 


the Parliamentary riisToKV 

' dent in ^fd/Zunt/andin the Armyjtocoriliderupoil 
^ and return Anfwtrt to thofe PnpoSiitmi-, thrf 
' Condition of the Country, and the Employment 
' of tnarty Members of the Committee' in the Anny^ 
' making it very inconvenient for us to meet «t 
' any Place further South, or foonw ; and therefore , 

* we do offer imto your Conlideration, whether iC 
' may better confilt with your Afi^urs to go to St. 

* Andrtvji, where we may more conveniently treatr 

* or to ftay at BttwUk nil we (hall return you an 

* Anfioer from the Committee.' 

Signed at tht Cefnmani of tht Cmomffmirt ofthi 
Parliaaera af&Qo^aaa. 


To the ftight Hon. the Mal^uis of A it c Y i s^ 
- the Earl'of LAuoERDALfc, (ft. 

Right Honourable, 
JJ/'E were fiat from the Parliament a/EnglauJ 
"^ to treat with the Parliament ef Scotland, or' 

any who jhall derive Authority fi-im them, upeti 
fuch Matters as conierHed the Good of both King- 
doms. ■ We arrived at Berwick the itth of Augitft, 
and there flaid, accordihg to the Defires of a hettct 
feni unto us from the Parliament c/'Scotland, ^ut 
have ufed all Means to have a Meeting; and, front 
Time to Time, have had federal Primifes and 
Engagements that it Jbould it fpeedj. Afier above 
'thirty Days ExpeHatiens, vie writ unto year Lord* 
Jhips and others, by ours of the i8'A of September, • 
that ive did intend to take tier Journey Southwards, 
if we bad not a Jptedy Meeting ivilh thofe apfotMei 
to treat with us ; to which having no Anfwer of^ 
any particular Time, we accordingly went to New- 
cafVIe and the Counties adjacent, and difpatcbed art 
Exprefs to you, before iur going bencty that the 
Time might be afiertained, and we JhotM not fait 
to return and meet at the Day and Hour that jhou^ 
he ajftgned; which, by Letters from the Committ^ 
of Efiatest of tht Ipb of September, ftai appiSnt- 


«/ E N G L A N t>. lit 

ii t» bt hert eh Monday tht ftth Injant, ct Tw, An. tt Cn^ L 
#/■ the Cieti in tht Jtftermm : Mcirdtngly Hut ri- . '^*^' . 
tunud bithtTt ftmt of »i tfiectf 8o Milti ; bvt yet, Niiwitm 
emtrarj t» but ExpeSatien., Jiujid n» Committee U, 
treat wiihall ; md, in/leei thereef, a Paper -wai 
tendered mt» us by jevr LordfiMpSy we^ bctb new and 
xpen former MeeUngi, aatmwiedgtd fiur/ehtt to be 
no Commktee. 

To tie Paper itfitf, wbith Imported, That you 
nuld tilt meet vjiih us Itfore this Time ; end that 
you were readf ta receive frem us fuch PropoCitioni 
at we hwe in Charge to offer iti Behalf of the Par' 
hement if Et^lirid to the Parliament ^Scotland, 
or this Committee, we are to let your Lerd/hipt 
kntiVy that we cannot held this ta hi fueh a Meet' was promifed, in regard you are not a Com- 
mittee. And whereat it fitrther importi an Offer 
Unto our CottfideraltBn, Whether we would g^ to 
St: Andrews, where 'we might more cenoeniently 
treaty of Jloy at Berwick, f/i? you Jbould return ut 
Anfwtr from the Committee j we think ^ to Jignify 
thus much to' your Lordjbifs; that there tan he no 
Return of" any Anfwer from the Committee i be- 
eauft, ufen the Ground aforefoid, we carmiA deliver 
in any Papera or Propofiticms to your Lord/hiptf 
and toerefore nothing is left to our Choice but to 'go 
to St. Andrews /* the Meeting .of thtltfthof tSit 

My Lordly thus the Bujmeft, as we conceive, nmu 
fianisy and hereby We are netefffated to a, longer un~ 
expeiied Delay, without having made any Entrance 
at all into the Affairs we have in Command ; yet that 
it may appear nothing /ball be wanting, en our Partt, 
to continue and prefirve a good Correfpondence be~ 
twixt the Kingdoms, and promote the Good and Ser- 
vice of them both, we are refolved to go ta St. An- 
drews ; and. Gad willing, fhdll 'not fail to be at the 
faid Meeting, if we may receive an AJJttrance frotft 
yotir Lordfinps that we ftntU have a fpeedy Dif- 
patcb end Conclufum of the Treaty with a fall 


Ila Tie Parh'aSfentar^ Hr»T<iRy 

«. II cw. I., .gjjsfas, sf the GmmiSunerit aiA» Jhall hgvf isn^U 
■^ *^; _^ Pev<rt9 treat epdcondude with ui^ 
HtrnMcr. Youftordfliips 

'*4s- Affe^iooasR Friends, 

and Servaiits, 

For the Right Hon. the Lord Whartos, and the 
. reft jof wc Coauniffionej^ of the Parliaiwiit of 

Sjg^t Honourable, 

AS feen as the Parlianient ef Sco(\vid heard af 
^* the S4[e!utien ef; the Hensurabk JHnufes ti 
find Cemntt^iufs to Scodand, they authorized a 
Cevmiiitte ie treat Xt/i/h them ; arid defined they 
m^t Jle^ otBeryfkk.tilla Plate ef Ji^ftitig iw?x 
^fPtintgdy itt regard tht SUinefi wai Jo- vi'ohnt at 
eyii^tiAaH/' Edinburgh. After the Parliament wat ad- 
jmrned, the Cemmitta v/ E/ltttes, hearitfg that you 
viert ceme auiay from London, did find flw of their 
Nuttther Ie have "waited en yeu to- St. An- 
drews, lubieh was. the Place they then appointed 
for the TnM.y ; hut it pltafed Gad fi to difpcfe ef 
aur Affairs m Scotland) that that Place ivas nat 
then cenvemeit tt meet at. We endeavoured afier- 
wardi tt have a Meeting here, and canu. Either eur- 
fehet far that Purpofe ; but we CBuld_ heither get 
aur Cetnmi^ien {eur Cleri being then in the Rebels 
Power, who had the. Trtjfl efall our Pafers) neither 
teuld we po^ly get a ^trum, as yeurfelves 
were Witness : fre did indeed often pr.mlfe to 
meet atjfon at we could, but could never fi): upon a 
J^ay, becaufe efiur nettjfory Attendanet en the Arrrrfy 
'till after your Reteipt ef the Letter from Perth, 
.the iyih Day ^ September ; when the Cotamit- 
lit ep^inted toil flace, and cenun^nded all that 


gT E:N GLAND.-. uj. 

nuxr-^ ibis CtmmiffiaH to wait en yau the 6tb tf A^w^Cv.'^. 

tbir Menth ; wbenupatt, altbeugh it was ituenvtnimt , . '^i' . 

■tbat v/t Jbouid come Ja far from tht Armyt fome ef m , 

tame abtve e/u hiindrtd, all ef us above fitty^ 

ACles, to keep this Meeting ; but v/bm we fiund 

Burfehes, centrary to oar. Exptiiationt, not like to be 

a full ^aruiriy by ffarranl ef the Cemmttee of 

J^fOeSy .we gave in attrr Piper if the btb, and lefi a 

ia your CeHfd/ration, wkelber you would give in your 

Propofidoiu,. which we conceived we had Autheryty 

enough tobavirecavedy end carried to thofi who hoot 

undeubtediy Power to euthorivu us to give what f^n- 

fwer tbeyflKuldtlnnk mod condudbleti the Good efittb 

Kingdamsi or whttbir yeu wouldgo to St. Anarewi 

yourfihts. . Tins we thought fit to offer to yeur Lord- 

Jhips in AvivtT to your Letter of the jih Iti/iant, by 

which, we art confident, it will appear there hath been 

mo Time lefi, ear Occafion omitted^ by the Kingdom ef 

Scotland, /er entering upon.tbofe Affairs you art in- 

trufied ; and that now, by your ge/ng to St, Aih 

dnwSy alf tbefi Impedimenti.wiU be removed, which 

Bindered a Meeting fo much defired by yaur Lartf^ptt. 


..} My Lords and Gentlemea, . 

Your affectionate Friends 
Berwick, .0£l. 8, 

■ " *4S* ' and Servants j ^ 



St. Andrews, Off: ii^ 164.5* 
» TiyHereas the Lords and Commons, aflem- 
** ** bled in- the Parliament of England, have 

* authorized us to make our Addreffes to the Par- 
*' liHmcnt'oT Scotland, or the C«mmittee of Ellates 

* of Scdtl/ind^ or any deputed by tttem-to tf«it with 

* us upoEi: fuch Matters as may tend to the-Good 

* and Peace of both Kingdoms, in Purfuance, of' 
*' their Commands, we arc to let your Lordfhips 
.*■ know, tbcif good. AeCPPtance of th«:firffUierlf 

. Vol.. XIV. H" ^ 


Ithe TarUamntaij History 

' Affiftance, which they fo dmeoully received from 
' the Ktrtgdom of Scotland, and do, in theif Name, 

* return Thanks for ^e fame. And we are fur- 

* ther to exprefs their earneft Defires, that a good 
, * and mutual Correfpondoncy betwixt the two 

* Kingdoms, united in ^is great Caufe by StUmm 

* Liague and Covenant, may be, by all Endeavours, 

* continued and inviolably preferved ; and, for that 

* Purpofe, we are commanded to endeavour the beft 

* Satisfi^on we can, in all Thing* that may foem 

* to give any Occafion of Difference, and to dcfire 

* the like from your Lordflups. And we arc fiir- 

* ther to acquaint your Lordflups with the great 
' Straits the iCingdmn of England is in for Want 

* of Money ; and that if there hath been any Ful- 

* ing I^yments, which fliould have been made 

* from the Parliament oi England, in purfuanccof 
« the Trtaty, it hath not proceeded from any Want 

* of AffeAion or real Intention tom^ce good thdr 

* Engagements. 

; • W- ROWE, 5/f^. Gmm". 

St. AndrewtfOa. 14, 1645. 

* TX? E the Commifltoners ai the Parliament 

* ' ' of Englaijd have in Charge from botih 

* Houfes, to demand of your LordQiips, and the 

* reft of this Honourable Committee, That, in 

* purfuance of the Large Treaty of both Kingdinns, 

* the Works about CarliJIe be flighted, and the 

* Place difmantled ; and that the Scots Garrifon, 

* put in there without the Confent of the Parlia> 
•■ ment of England, be forthwith removed. 

W«- ROWE, Set" Cmmrt. ' 

St. Andrews, 03. 14, 1645. 

* VIT E the Commiflloners of the Parliament 

* ' '^ of England have in Charge to demand 

* t»f this Honourable Committee, That the Jeveral 
« Garrifons of Wakewnrih Caftle, Tinmtutb Caftlc, 

* Newcaflk upon Ty^y HsuiUfHlty SteeJtttn Caftle', 

r..„ .,Gt)0'-^lc 

. e^ ENG t ANt). i,j 

* and ^tbirlrutali Caftle, being placed ttiere without Aa. it bu. t ) 

■ .the Confcat of both Houfes of the Parlianrtcnt of . '*^y . 

* JEnglandt or their CoMmittce, niay fpeedily be M,^^^y 
' iciAoved. 

W- ROWEi &^- Cmm- 

St. Andrhos^ Oii. 14., 1645. 

* XKT-^ th* Commiffionera of t\A Parliament 
^ '" of Eiiglakd have in Command from boti 

* Houfes, to let your Lordftips know, T^t the 

* Protedlions already given to the Perfohs, Goods, 

* or Eflatea <^ any Delinquents,- without the Can-' 

* fent of the Parliament of Englamt^ or their Coia- 

* mifHoners, arc to be limited to their juft Inten- 

* tions J which Is only from rcftraining the Soldiers 

* from all A^ of Violence againft ths Perfons 

* fo protedled, and not extend to the Prejudice 

* of any Or^aanc* of Parliament, or Ordtr of 

■ bo^ or cither of the Houfes of Parliament } 

* and that no Prote^ions are to be granted, or 

* CzpituJattons made, without the Confent of the 

* Parliament of England, or their Committees ; 

* And if any Pi»te6tiona have or {hail be gtanud 
^ or nude o&erwiie^ that they &all be held void 

* and null. 

V-* ROWE^ Sec'- Cntmi- 

St. Jhdrewii OSt. 14, 16453 ' 
E die Cdmihiffioners friHa the Parlia^ 
meht of BngUmi afe tci kcquaint chid 
' Honourable Committee, 'fbat Cotniniffions ar« 

* granted under the Great Seal df£iii;i^M//j for th« 

* taking upon Oath, and adjufting; the Accounts ot 

* tark^irt, of the City arid County of the City ot 

* Tark^ Northiimhtrlarid^ the Borough of BmuicH <" 

* upon Twtrdf CUmiiirldttdj TVeJimarknd, the: 

* Gounfy of' ifiirhdmi and CoCinty of l^nocalU 

* upon Tyrity between the £^0/^ Armiy and the laid 
*feveral Counties,' arifing either by AffeiTment,' 

* Free Q^iarter, Billeting, ot any other Way j 

Ha 'and 



ii6 7^ Parliamentiay ITrsTtfRY 

An.iiCthr. « and wc are hereupon required to offer to A)> 
. *^^ , * HonourableCommittee, that they may fend CooT- 
Naitni^r. * miffionere' of their own, if they pleafe, to be pre^ 

* fent at the adtufting of the fdd Accounts in ^te- 

* leveial Counties anaPbces above-mentioned. 

W»- ROWE, Sec- Cenwiru 

' 3h Aitdrtmt OSi tbi. 1645. > 

' fTT ^ *''* Commiffioncrs of the Parliament of 

* lV Scatlmd, are wananted by the Conitnittee ■ 

* of Eftatei, to defire , your ' Lordftiips and thoJe 
' Gentlemen,, to make known unto us, Wheth^ 
*' you have any more at this Time to propound unto. 
*- them from the Parliament of England, beCaufe. 
^ the urgent Occasions of this Kingdom do ACcef- 
*, farily require the Committee's Rcmtival f^oto 

* this Place to GlaJ^otu To-morrow. 

St. Andrtwfy Oa. 16, 1645. ' 

^ E the Commiffibmers of the Parliament of 
England did, on Tutfdof. the 1 4th of thb 

* Inftaht, deliver mfive Papers to yov Lordflupt^' 
, * ^reeable to the Treaties made betwixt the two- 

' lungdoms, and did this Day, upon 'Notice from. 

* yoor Lordfhips, expeft an Anhuir in Writing 
' thereunto : but have received a Paper of the 
*• fixteentfa, in vhich you defire to know, ffAetbep 

* we have any mere at thih Time la pre^nmdfrom tht 
*■ JParUament of England j which we i^nceivc a 

* Couife unulual in Treaties, notwitbftanding wo 
' have given your Lordfhips another Paper, unto- 

* which and the former we deiire your Lordfliip* 

* fpcedy Jnjwtr. 

W-. ROWE, $iC' Cmmr'-. 




9f -ENGL AND. 117 

Si. liiidrtvlti Oa. ibf 164.5. >64i- ' 

r £ the Commiffionen o( the Puliament ^r~yj~^ 
of England have farther in Commani] 

* of both HouleS( to defire {your Lordlhips fpecia] 

* Care, That, for the better FrcvemlonW all Oc- 
' * cafions of Complaints and Mifunderftanding* that 

* may arife betwixt the two Nations, all the Ar- 
' ticies of the fcvera! Trtafm between the two 

* Kingdoms may be duly kept and inviolably ob- 
' ferved ; and, in Purfuance diercof, that the other 

* GarrifoDs in Cumherlandj not mentioned in our 
' * former Pap^t, may be fpeedily removed j and 

* that your Lordibips will take an eficdual Courfe,' , 

* that .all Afleflincnts and levying of Monies* 
"* cither by Officers or Soldiers, or any other Per- 

* fons by their Authority and Copunafid, m^ be 
"* hereafter foreborne ; and that all OpprelSons, 
'* AVrongs, and Inj uries heretofore offered, contrary 

* to the Articles of the Treaty, may be 4uly cx- 

* amlned, and.fuch Remedy applied as to Juftio; 

* ihall appertain ; and that for the future your 

* Lordlhips will make IJich Declaration, and take 
■ * • fuch Order, that, RcconlinE to the Trtaty, no fuch 

' Iiyuries may be committca or done. 

W"- ROWE, SrC- Ciimrft. 

St. Andrewi, Off. 16,1645; 

* W ^ *^ Commiffioncrs of the Parliament 

* "' of Scatiand, authorized to treat with.. thp 

* Commiffioners of the Parliament of Englipul, 

* upon fuch Matters as may tend to the Good, and 

* Peace of both Kingdoms, are warranted, by th,e 

* Committee of Eftates, to return unto your Lord* 

* Clips and thefe Gentlemen this following jf«/H«f 

* to yoMifirft Faper of the I4,th Inftant, delivered 
' unto us : 

' That the Committee of Eftates of the King- 
.' dom oi Scotland a.rz exceeding fenfible of the good 

* Acceptance the Honourable Houfes of the Parliar 

* meal of England have expreffed, by your Lotd- 

H 3 " ■ _ ■ 11»V' 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^lc 

119 ^ Pariiamf^ery Histo»v 

&ipG, of the timely Affiftance they received tton\ 
this Kingdoin ; sinil that a]! Means will be urcd, 
oi) their Tarts, that a good and mutual Cone- 
fpondcricy between the two Kingdoms, united ii^ 
th|s great Caufe by Solemn League andCivenanty . 
qiay 5e continued and inviolably preferved j and 
that they {h^l moft readily contribute their bef| 
Endeavours ' for the Removal of any Teeming 
pifference. that may occafion any Miftakes be- 
tween the Kingdoms. 

* We afc further commanded to (hew you^ - 
Loi^fliips, That they are exceeding fenfiblc of 
the Straits the Kingdom of Ehgland is in for 
Want of Money, and believe their Failings of 
Payments 'and other Particulars, due by the 
Treaty of this Kingdom, hath not proceeded from 
any Want of A&e^Ion or real Intention to make 
good their Engagements ; albeit the Beats Army 
now in EmglaniV-xiSx been, and now is, reduced 
to exceeding Extremities, and difabled to do 
iuch Service as migl^t otherwife haye been cx- 


St.Jndrtitfi,Oa. 14. 1645. 

* TXT E the Commiffioners of the Parliament 

* . *▼ bf Scotland are warranted, by the Com- 
f mittce of Eflates, to return this following Anfwer 
f to your LordfliJps ficond Paper of the 1 4th lo- 

* fiant delivered unto us; ' ' 
* That they are moft' deOrous all the Articles 

* of the Large Treaty be faithfully obferved ; and 

* do offer unto yourLordftipsCoiifideraiion, if the 

* fame ^eafon which moved the Parliament of 

* England to allow a Forbearance in (he Execution 

* of that Article concerning SerwiVi, and to give 

* it in Truft to their Brethren of Scotland, mT^y not 

* be of as great For^e for continuing oiCarllJU 

* in the fame Condition it is now in -, and the ra- 
f ther, confidering that it is 'knowTi to all who are 
"* i^n the Triat'jy concerning our March intd 

"' ■ ■ '■England^ 



* Sn^tuid, that the only Reafon why it was nqt ^- * 

* put into the iatne Condition with Berwick was 

* becauTe it was not then in the Power of the Par- 

* liamcnt of Ei^land; who, they are conRdenti . 

* upon ConftdcratipQ of the necefTary Ufe oi it for 

* the Safety of the Kingdom oi Scotland^ would , 

* have been as willing to have condefcended unto 

* it as that of Btrwick : And now that Place - 

* being brought under their Obedience, it feeins 

* much more reafbnable that the Garrifon be con- . 

* tinued in it, without flighting the Works, or dif- 

* mantling the Place, till it Qiall pleafe God tliat 

* the AlFairs of both Kingdoms be in a better Po- 

* fturc ; in regard that the Kingdom of Scetland . 

* bath been invaded from that Place, and by the . 

* ill-alFe3ed Perfons about it on both Sides of the 

* Border, who do ftill cxpe£l the Landing of Iri^ 

* Forces near unto it and the Coming of the Forces , 

* that are with his Majefty to join with them . 

* for infefting of this Kingdom, according to the 

* Intelligence both your Lordlhips and we have . 

* received : And that the Committee of Eftates arc . 

* the more encouraged to believe that thefe Reafons 

* will weigh much with the Honourable Houfes of . 

* Parliament and your Lordihips, in that the King- 

* dom of Scoiland have given fo many real Proofs 

* of their Affe<aion and Faithfulnefs to their B re- , 

* thren of E^ngland, and are moft willing, as they , 

* have ever profelTed, that thefe Difficulties being . 
■ taken away, and the Troubles ended, the Gar-^ 

* rifons (hall be removed, the Works flighted, and . 

* the Place dlfinalitled according to your Lordfhips 

* Dcfire. 


St. Andrews, Oil. 1 6, 1^41. 

* XXT* E the CemmiiBaners of the Parliament 

* of StBtland are warranted by the Com- 

* oiittee of Eftates, to return unto your Lordfbipst 

* and thofe Gentlemen this Anfoitr to your tUri, 

* Pabtr of the Inftant : 

H 4 • That 


The Parliataentary History 

'^ '"* That when, upon the Invitation of the Par* 
. * ttament of England^ a Triaty was made, and an 
'* Army ratfed in this Kingdom for the Affiftance 

* of thwr Brethren, ia Purfuance of the Ends ex- 
* * preJIed in the Solemn Laague and Covenant and 
""* the Treaty, no Town or Caftle in the North of 
"* "England was in the Power of the Parliament^ 

* exc^t Berwiei ; and fo then none could be 
'^' tommandcd either for Retreat or Magazine^ 
~* toihe Sfol; Army ; but if thefe mentioned bad 
''f been then in their Power, they would undoubt- 
■* cdly hare been afkcd and granted upon the fame 

* .Ground and Reafons that Bervikk was in Eng- 

* landy and Carrici/irgm snA Coleraine to the Army 

* of Ireland; and the Neceffity of thefe Places 

* did appear upon the Advance of Ac Scets Army ; 

* who, for thefe Ends, were forced to fortify and 
< garrifon Blytbt-Nooke and Sunderland; which 

* was not oppofed then by either the Parliament 

* of England or the Committee : Afterwards, 

* by the BlelBngs of God upon the S^ots Anny 
■ 1>rought into England by the Earl of Ltven^ the 

* Army under the Earl of Nevxafile being driven 

* out of the Northern Counties into the City of 

* Tark ; the Town of HartUpeole and the Caftle 

* of Steckm were taken by die Earl of Callendar, 

* and ^rtifoncd for thefe fame Ends: Then after 

* the Overthrow given, by the joint Endeavours of 

* the Armies of both Kingdoms, to Prince Rupert 
■*and the Earl of Nevicaftle at Long-Marjlun, the 
' * Salt Army was, by the CommiSoners of the 

* Parliament of England (who, by their Ir^Jlruc- 

* tiam of the firft of November, 16+3, commu- 
' nicated to the Convention of Eftates at the Time 

* of the Treaty, have Power to advife, debate 

* and conclude with the joint Advice of their Bre- 

* thren of Scetland, to put in Execution all Mat- 

* tcrs and Things concerning the Well-ordering, 
''Sire^on, Difpofal, and Accommodation of the 

* Forces brought for Afliftanceef the Kingdom of 
1^' England) prelled to march back and befii^gc 

■ * NewiaftU ; 


oj E N'G L AND. i» 

' Ntwtafth ; which, after a long Debate, by an ^^V,*^* ' 
'Order of the Committee of both KingdMiure- . '^^ . 
' fidixig with them, they did} and, having endu- - KijTwhg. 

* red much Hardfliip and Lois of fo many Men, - 
t it pleafed God to make them Inftruments for r»- 
■ ducing it by Aflault, to the 01>ediencc of the 

* Paiiiaoietit of England ; and^ within a few Dan, - 

* cheCaftleof Ttnnuutb was alfo rendered: Not- 

* long after they were tsdcen, a Commiffion was ' 

* drawn up by the Committoe of Efiaies refident 

* with the ^ati Armj, appointing Sir "Jamtt Ltai^- 

* dtH Governor ; which, with fome Marginal 
' Notes upon it, made by the Commiffioners of 

* the Parliament of Englandt was fent up to Lend«K^ . 

* and the Conlideration of that Bulincfs ic- 

* ferred to the Committee of both Houfes'and to 
' the Committee of both Kingdoms ; where, after 

* many Debates with the Commiffioners of this 
'.Kingdom at Landan, a Commiffion was refolvol 

* on to him as Governor for a Twelvemonth ( 

* which afterwards, upon fome Difference concern- 

* ing the Form of it, was laid aiide, as we are in- 

* fonned, but nothing then propofed for rcmoviiuj 

* the G^rifon of NevxafiU ; for it was, and is, io 

* well icnown, that it is the iittefl Place for fending 

* Kecruits to the Scats Army, for a Magazine, and 

* for a Retreat in cafe of Neceffity ; it being fo 
' confiderable a Pafs into Scatbind, that, without it, 

* that Army cannot be in Safety ; and therefore 

* the Committee of Eftates is confident, when the. 

* Grounds and Proceedings of the Scats Army in 
' garrifoning all thefe Places fhall be confidered, 

* and their Situation in regard of the Provifion 

* and Accommodation of that Army, and the 

* Defence of the Kingdom of Scatktttd againft the' 
' Attempts of the ilUaffieded Perfons, who are 

* too many in thefe Placet on both Sides of the - 
' Border, the Removal of thefe Garrifons, until 
' both Kingdoms be in a better Pofture, or our 
' Troubles ended by -a h^py Peact, will neither 

' bn preffed by the Parliament of Engiand,. nor h^ 
* this 


13* 7be ParSamttiary HisTofty 

M>>iO«.li * this Honourable Committee; which might be' 

. '**S- ^ * interpreted, though we are confident itisnot- 

Kotembet. ' ' intended, as a Diffidence of their Brethren of 

* rSatlandi who, by their £ndeavours and Sufici- 

* ii^, only for their Engagement with the King- 

* dom of England^ .h^ve given fo large and unde- 

* Jiiable Teftimonies of their Brotheily Love and 

* Faithfulnefs ; and who are willing to hazard all 

* that is dear unto them in this Caufe with the 

* iame Afief^on and Zeal. 


St. Andrewt, OSt. i6, 1645, 
« TT7 E the Commiffioncrs of the Parliament 

* " of Scotland are warranted, by the Com- 

* mittee of Eftates, to return this Anfuier to your 

* fourth Paper of the 14th Inftant, delivered 

* unto us : 

* That they agree that alt Proteftions, given 'by 

* the Officers of the Scots Army, are to be under- 
*"ftMd only for reftraining of the Soldiers from 
' A£ts of Violence againft the Pcrfon fo protefted j 

* and that no Prof eQions are to be granted, or Ca- 

* pitulations made, to the Prejudice of any Or^'- 

* nance of Parliament ; and if any Proteftion hath 

* been granted heretofore without this Caution, 

* they defire your Lordfhips to condefcend upon 

* the Particulars, that they, with you, may make 
« an exad Search and Trial if they have not, or may 

* not bear a juft Exception. 


St.AndrewSiOlf, 16, 1645. 

* \?V ^ ^ Commiffiioners of the Parliament 

* '"^ of Scotland are warranted, by the Com-- 

* mittce of Ellvtes, to return this Anfwer to the 

* fi/A Paper of the 14th Inftant, delivered 

* unto us : 

* That they were fodefirous the Accounts be 
^ fitted iuid adjufttdj ^t, to Chat £ffcd> the Cmn- 

* mittee 


«/ E N G t A N D. 123 

' mittee and General Officers with the Stels Aim^ Aa. si Ctr. U 
.* in MnglaaJf fent the Earl of Lothian and Sit Adam '^'' . 
.• Hepburn of HumbUt to tlic Committee at Tort, to T'mrn l-fT i" 
.• know whether the Accounts were taken in from 
.• thefeveral Quarters ; who returned them Anfvrcf 

* Th^ had CommilEons and Orders for it from 
< the Parliament of England, but that, hy k'eafoti 

* of the Sicknefs in many Places, and other Hindet- 

* ances, nothing ^vas done. 

* And w? are farther warranted to flicw yoB, 

* That, upon this PropoGtion, this Committes i3i 

* Eftatcs will appoint Tome to join with any in 

* Commiffion from the Parliament of England for 

* that Purpofe, that thefe Accounts may be fo or^ 
,* dered and allowed, as formerly was done when 

* our Army was in England^ in the Year 1640: 

* And we are to deflre your LordQiips to conde- 

* fcend upon the Time and Place to be appointed 

* for the Meeting of thcfc CommifSoners concern- 

* ing that Bufinefs, that the Committee of £{iatec 
.' may appoint their Commiflioners to attend ac- 

* cordingiy. 


- St. Andrews, 0£i. r^, 1645,' 

.* XX7 E the Commiffioners of the Parliament 

* ■ ■ of Scotland are warraii^d to return this 

* Jnftutr to your Paper of the i6th Inftant : 

* That the Committee of Eftates arc moft de- 

* lirous. That all the Articles of the feveral Trta- 

* tut betwixt the Kingdoms be inviolably and 

* punctually obferved. 

' That when they know what thqfe other Gar- 

* rifons in Cumberland arc, they liall return fuch 

* an Anfwer as,' in Reafon, can be expefled. 

' They do acknowledge no Afjeflinents ought 

* to he laid, or Monies levied, either by OiEcera 
' or Soldiers, or any Perfons by their Authority i 

* and, that Neceflity may compel ;he Army for 

* their Mainten^ce, for Want of due and timeous 

* Paymcm, to any fucb Courfc, they do delirt 

* that 

^,Gt)ogle . 

7& Psit^ameitiary History 

that, according to the Trealj, their Monies 11127 
' be duly paid to them; and if a»y Opprcffions, 

* Wrongs, or Injuries havelieen heretofore- oiFered, 

* they are moft wilting, according to the 'TreMjft 
' they be duly eomitied, and fuch Remedies ap- 

* plied as to Juftice £hall appert^n.' 


St. JndreiaSy Oil. 17, 16+5. 

* TJ/ E the CommiDioners of the Parliament 

* of England have confidered of your 

* Lordlhips Jhfivfrs to our feveral Papers ; and a; 

* to that given in Anfv/tr to omx firfi^ we make no 

* Doubt but xktix. your Xordmips Expreffions, 

* concerning your Endeavours to procure a good 

* wd ' mutual "Correlpondency be^ixt the King- 
*'domE, wiirbe very acceptabk unto the Houfes 

"*«f Parliament ai EngloRd^ as that which they 

* do tnuch dcTire ; and. we do alTure your Lord- 
'^ 'Clips, that wherein it {ball appear to the Houfes 

* that there hath been any Failure of Payinents,'or 
' of other Particulars due by the Tr/n/jr, thw will 

* be careful to make good the fame, accotduig to 

* their utmoft Power. 

* Arid as to your Lordlhips v^i/iivr to ovafecand 

* and third Papers, concerning Carli^j NewcaflU^ 
■•"and the other Garrifons, we are of Opinion^ 
' That the Rcafons therein exprefled, /or con- 
■• tinuing your Garrifons in thofe Places, are na 

* ways anfwerablc to the Treaties, nor will be fa- 
' tisUiSnry to the Parliament of England ; and do 

* therefore defirc that your Lordlhips will ferioulty 

* confider to return fuch an Anfiuer as may give 

* Satisfaction to the juft Demands of the Parli^ 

* meet ; or that we may know whether thofe 
. • Papers we have received do contain, as to tho(^ 

"Garrifons, that Anfwtr which you will infiA 

* upon, and would have us reprefent unto the Par- 
' liament. 

' As ftw your Lordlhips Anfwermta oiat fiurtb 

* PatfTf we doobferve that you do sete:, That 

« Prc- 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)'^'le 

^ E N-OL AND. 125 

* Protedions are to be underftootf only for reftrain- Aa:M>c«t.It. 

* ing AH* of Violence agsunft the Perfons protcft- . '**S' .. 
*■' ed, and that no Prote<%ons ai« to be granted, 
*- nor Capitulations made, to the Prejudice of any 

* OrMnoTue of Parliament ; whereat our Demands 
'* are. That no Prote&ions be granted, which may ' 
■* extcnd'tO'Che^e)udicc, not only of any OrJi-' 
■'■•wW/of Parliament, but of any Or^ of either' 
*' Houfc i and that no Prote^ona or Capitulations ' 
*' be madewitbout the Confent- of' ^e Parliament' 

* of EnglatiJt or their Conmuitccs- : In thefe Dif-' 
' fetences we defire further Satisfftdioii'; as aUb to' 
*■ know «4iat ia meant by the Words in the Clofe' 
'^ of your Paptr, vi& Jfthif bev9 luti «r Kuy Mf, 
' bear aju/t Exceptiin. 

• As to your Lordfliips jf^ftcvr Uirto om fifth 

* Pi^ ; we do ^'ee that fpeci^ and convenient 

* Times be condeJcended upon for your Commif- 
*- fioden to be pielent at the adjufting of the Ac- 

* counts in ^e levcral Counties, and defire to re- 

* ceive from your Lordfliips -the Names of fuch a» 

* you fhall think fit to employ in that Service, and 

* accordingly we fhall give Notice diereof Uitto thr 

* EngUfi Commiffioners.' 

* \fij £ the Commiffioners of the Parliament 

* ''' of Scathnd have confldered of you(' 

* -Paper of the^c^tb Iniiant) and-are warranted to' 

* defire to know from your Lordfhips, WhedKi- 

* you have Power from the Parliament of Engkmd 

* h) fettle Ibofe Garrifons and Governors, which, 

* upon Debate, {hall be found, by good Rcafon^ 

* to be for the Saiiety and Accommodation of the 

* Scats Army fo long as they are employed iii 
( Ertglmd for thia Cauiit and the Good of botk 

^ Kingdoms.' 



i-z6 The ParUsratnUiry Hi s x qr Y 


'Si. Andrews, 03, 17, 164.5^ 

* Til/ E the CoBMniffioncra of the Parliament of 
' "V Englaady in return of your L>ordfliip's laft 

' Paper of the 17th Inftant, do make this Anjwtr,- 
' That we are commanded by the PaHizment rf 

■ England to demaiul ,tbe withdrawing o£ the Saia 
^- Garrifons, according, to the Pj^j dctivered in 

' for. that ?iir[H)fe, wherein the Parliament demand'' 
' cth nothing but conform to R^t and Juftice g 

* and when your Lordfhip fliall give a> a fattsfac"' 
*, tory Anfwtr unto thofc Demands, we are moft 

■ confident, and fhall undertake, that thefe Towns' 

* and Places fliall.have fuch Garrifons and GovcT' 

* nors, and Ihall he fo difpofed* u fliall be for ther 

* Safety.and Accodunodatian of the Sms Army, fa 

* long aa they ar£ enaployed in EngUmd for diis 
*, Caufe> and the Good of both Kingd<Mas,' 

W"- ROWE, Sec- Crnmr" 

St. Attdrevjtj 0-3. 17, 16^^^ . 

*.VTT E.the Ctunmiffioners of the Parliament of 

* y/y Scotland are warranted, by the Committetf 

* of Eftates, to return this Anfiuir' to your fir/f 

* -Paftr of the i7thlnftant: 

* That as they fliall be ready, upon all Occa- 

* fions, JD make good thofe KxpreiEons, whicb 

* your I.ordihips are confident wlti be fo Accept' 

* able to the Parliament d Engiaadi fo they do 

* not doubt but;theParliament, acoordii^ to your* - 

* AAiirance, will make good all that is due by dienr 

* to this £ingdom> 

* As to that Article concerrang PioteAions ; th# 

* Committee doth ^ree, That no Proteflions be 

* hereafter granted, that may extend to the Preju- 

* dice of any Ordi'r o( either Houfe of Parllunent f 

* and that no Caplcuiations be made bat according- 
« to the Treaty. The Meaning of thefe Words in' 

* the Clofe of our Paper is, That the Particular* 

* of the ProteiSions already given beingtondefcend j 

* ed on, the Committee may, with yoij> make aif 



e/ ENGLAND. 127 

' cxafl Trial, if they may not bear ajuft anirea- Ap.«i;Ctr.I, 

* ibnablc Exception from this Rule now agreed . *^j' ^ 

* upon. 
' As to the laft we defire to know^ if theft 

* Words, For yiur Commiffioneri to it frtftnt at the 

* adjufiing of the Acetantt, your Lord Olipa do not 

* mean. That the fame Power fhall be granted to 

* our CommilGoners, and ^e fame Courfe taken ia 
« the fitting of thefc Accounts, as in the Year 1640; 

* and then you {hall receive the Names of thofe the 

* Committee does employ. 
* We are further warranted to fliew yourLord<- 

' thips the carneft Delire the Committee hath to 

* &tify your LordQiips in all your Demands, fo hr 

* as can either agree with Reafon, or the Safety of 

* the Scats Army now in England, employed for the 

* Ends expreSed (in the Cevmant and Treaty ; and 

* for thatEffeftwe prefented' the Pa^CT-of th« 17th 

* Inftant, that we might know if your Lordlhips 

* are fully inflni^ed for fettling fuch Garrlfon's to 

* the Sats Army, as, in Reafon, cannot be denied' 

* to be nece0ary for thsir Subfiftance and Safety in 

* England, for the Good of both Kingdoms ; but 

* finding your Lordlhips Anfwtr no ways fatisfac- 

* tory, we offer it to your Lordlhips Confideratioir, 

* If it be fit to remit that Demand, with our At^ 

* Jwer^ to the Parliament of fn^i^i^ and our Com- 

* miffioners at Ltndon ; and We are confident the 
« Honourable Houfes, both for the Weight of oul- 

* Reafons, and their Brotherly Senfe of our ready 

* and timeous AffilUnce, will not fuffer the Scoti 
' Anny to want any Accommodation for their 

* Safe^ and Scclirity, which can julHy be demand- 

* ed ; left the Enemies of both Kingdoms take this 

* Opportunity to weaken the Confidence betwixt 

* the Kingdoms, by their adledging this Demand> 
■ at fuch a Time, for an Argument of Jealouly i 

* or if your Lordlhips will prc^fe any other Way, 

* for a more fpeedy and more effeflal Conctufion 
' therein, we fliall mxA heartily concur.' 




1JS» Parliamentary H 1 9 t oit y~ 

St.Anirewt^Oet. i8, 1645., 
'' ■ ' \X/ ^ ^^ Commiflioners of the Parliament: 
¥ ' of England^, in An/iotr^ to your Paper- 

* of the 17th Inftant, think fit to let your Lord- 
•■ fliips know, that to that Part concerning the Obj. 

* fervadon of the Treati^i, we refer ourfelves to our 

* former Papers, and expe£l the like to b« perforoi' 
.* ed on the Behalf the Kingdom of SatianJ, tlis 
*- Obligation bdng mutual. 

* As to that Article cpncerning Protections ; w« 

* reft fadsficd with your jfnfwer as to the iiiturc, 
*^ and we ate confident thsrecvmPt be found, upon 
*■ Examination, any juft and reafoMble Exception* . 
^ from the Rule now agreed upon. > 

* For the Mattcc of Accounts ; the. Gommif- 

* lions are already: granted under the Great Seal of 

* England ; but wc cannot fay whether they be 

* agreeable or no tp thofe Commiffions of 1640^ 

* bocaufe wc have not, fcen. them." Concerning 

■ the Garrijbm i we are cQnildent that what 

* we have demanded on Bettelf of the P^r--- 

* liament, in our- former Papers, ate agreeable tb 
' the TreatietyUid bo way.s prejudicial tp the Safety 
' of the Stats Anny now in Englfi^',, wherein we 

* cannot im;^;ine iiL what Tc^l we could have 
*- offered better Satisfa£l)on to your Lofdftiips than 
*■ by that Eog^ement which we imade in our lift 

* Paper of the 17th Inftant; neither can we cQn* 

* ctive that the making of thofe Demands,. by five 

* Parliament at this Time, can be made life of f 

* weaken the Confidence betwixt t^e, tv(o Nations, 

* by making it an Argument of Jealpufyj but, on 

* the other Part, wc are fujly per(uad«d that the 

* fpeedy condefcending upon their Duties would be 

* the mbft cfTedual Way to continue a perfci3and 

* true Underftanding betwixt the tW9 Kingdoms 1 

* but if we can't herein prevail with yo>ir LordOiips^ 
*- there will remata nothing more for us but to re- 
' prefent your Papers unto both Houres* which we 

■ fhall do with all FaithfUlnefs.' 

a, Aftsc 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

*/■ E N G L A N D. I29 

After this Report, the Speaker was ordered to' An. «iC«r;U 
give the Lord Wharton Thanlts from the Houfe, '^*^- . 
for his Pains in this Bufineis ; which was done Nonnlw. 

Nffv. I2i A Letter from the Smti Commiilioncrs, 
direded to the Speaker of the Hoafe of Lords, was 
read in that Houfe j which, with another froni 
both Houfes to the Parliament of ScullanJ, 
as a Sequel to Lord H'%irt»n'i Account, is all 
that t> material for the Space of fome Dajsj 
And firft, 

A tetter froth ttle Seals Comraiffionenj 
My Lord, 

TTr£ are dejh-ed, by his ExcelUncy the Earl of ^ ^^ ^ 
' l.zvKa, to acquaint both Hmfes that the Scots the SnttCam- 

Army is fpeedity to match tnoards Newafkj and?'^^'*"^^ 
further to frefent their extreme Wants and preffing'^^^^^^ 
Nec^tieSy by reafin tbey have tuither Money for 
their Mntei^alHmeni, nor Cltatbi -to. defend totm 
from the Injury of the Weather, attdfo art exceed'- 
SKgly difabled from performing, that Service which 
may be expelled: It is therefore now our lOqueJl to 
the Honourable Houfes, That an .Ordinance ina) be 
paffed fof the .Rtptyment of ihofe who will lend any 
Money for the advancing a Month's Pay ta_ the Scots 
j/n>pf ; thai tbey would give Order fir Jpeedy pro- 
viding them with Oloaths, and, for their prefent 
Siib0anee, appoint the Country to afford them free 

, We have divers Times rtprefented to the Houfes^ 
that the Ctmmittef at Goldimiths-Hall are charged, 
by Order of the Houfe of Commons, to pay the Scots 
Arnrfy out of the Qompofiiions with DelinqutntSf 
31,0001. whereof only 14,000!. is as yet paid: 
And we do again earnefily entreat, that Monies may 
not be drawn from the Committee at Goldfmiths- 
Hall/or other UfeS, -whereby they are £fabled ti 
advance any eonjiderable Supply fir that Army, or 
at* Manner to fattsfy the Exteliation of the 

. Vol. XIV. I H^ufet, 


^30 7^ ParUarhentary His^fORtf 

An. »i Cir.I. ffmfisy in prmA^tttg for their MaintenetUt. Thtt 
. iP4S\ being a mean OhJTruilien, and exutditigly prejudicial 

* " ^ ta that Armyi vie douht HU hut the H»ufoi will raneve 

it, and fettle fuch a Cowfe fer their future Entertain- 
menty as that Army mivf be enabled fer the Public Ser- 
vice, the JKvaneemmi tohtreef is their larntfl Dtjirt, 
and alfo ofy 

Your Lordflup's 
Very afEe^onate Friends aiid Sirvtnts, 
Woc«»«^H«ft, LOUDON. 

Nov.i...«4S. BALM£RIN0. 

P. S. My Lord, we eamt/lly dejireym is fia tbt 
Hmfe in Mind to return an Anfwer to ntr fofmr 

This Lmtr was ordered to be coffltnunicated ttt 
the Hoiife of Gtnnmons. 

Nm>. 14. A Draught of a Letter^ to be f«nt 
fi-omboth Hou&s of Parliament, to the Parliatnenc * 
of Stottand, was tead ; 

My Lords, 

et*HE Cemniffwmrs lately fent into Scodahd 

AMtber ftom •* have made their Report mto btih HnAt, 

^^l^xt ^*<'""'''. '""»»? »'*^ l^g'i t^ -Satw ttttivedtSt 

tbuDfS«itlu>d,Anrwers delivered bj the Commimoners oftbaiKhig- 

^tbtiVMSK^ dom, appointed to meet with Went, aiuerning the 

^' Garrifins placed by the Scots Army in the Tewiit 

eind Cajles of Carlifie, Newcaftle, Tinmoath, 

Hartlcpoolc, Stockton, Warkworth, snd Thirii- 

wall, or elfeiuhere vnthin the King JtM tf&i^aait 

Vflthaut the Confent ttf both Hnifts of PirUamnti ■ 

er their Committeei ; {the Capies Ivhemfr and ^ 

ettr Demands, we herewith fend yen) limh wAi'nl 

Anfwcrs the Lords and Commons offeltAhd in the 

Parliament of England are net fatisfied ; the Oarri- 

fons, according to their undatd>ted Right, not bting 

re/mved: Wt art tberefart anamaiided by them <• 



y ¥ U I, A KB. .jr 

dfVianvt at^ ^tr^ngh, in tlufr Hfimttf 4a dtmandy A"- *> Cw. ft 
if the f^arlfmiP* y ScodsuiH, the Remavalefthe . ^^» ^ 
Scots ,fir«^ w/ eftM* Citifi, Towas^ Cajilit, ^nd - ^S^HIZ 
Placei ; and h ilt $nd tBai tin Kingdom of Scot- """"^ • 
Ignd rxajf «Bt be r^rtdnfd in T""** tkfj dtfae t^at 
thii may he dent htprt iht firfi i^JSi^rch «#*? .- jfnd 
ia* art e^fyr^ftr ammmd$^-, in tbtir Nairur, t» 
^vre yaut fiat thtret^sn aS /^aamiedetim /beU be 
made far the .Sinurity iff /bf Spot* -^njiyr, <^ctrding . 
hthiOfftn p^i^ngftgements ef ibeir Cimtnifiowrt 
in-that ^ebdf; it ieiagtkt mrwftDeJu-f _«n4 IrOft^ 
tiaa efboth Htufei tai^e oH fVqyt pnd Mnnu for fht 
Cmiimam' of aright UadfK^nfing and a gatd Cier- 
rifptadffut hitmen the two King^lt^, and, ifptffibU^ 
a ntarer Uni^n tmd OinjimSipn. IK^ f^ordt^ w/ wuft 
kM Happineji ta year PrKetdingSf and rtftt 


Very afiedHonate Friends 

Am} huffliUe Servants, 

GREY of fParh^ 

S|Makcr olAc Houfe of Pmq 

pra Temptrt, 


jSpealECr of the Cemmotu HoidiE 

in Parliament. 

Nov. 15. J^^si>jp«s , S^ts Paf^ read, and 
ordered to be feht to the Hoiife of Commons} 
which was as follows : 

Nov. 14, 1645. 
.' 'T'HE J-^rd Sinekkf Lord Ltvingflmt »M aPj|w tnm 

* ,A the Loj^d A^/;affvrp> bei(ij called to ^i^- '"' *^*^™" 

« pear before the Padiaffwajt vt ScHlasd, to ap^wr ^j^^^,"^*^ 

* to fooie InTormations 3gaJ;ift jthi^ fxtasKtmit^j-EMPttnet 

* their Mdiflg Correfpojo^cncy ynih the ^penyr ''"' KioftoB. 
' during the Tinie pf their being feere iij Ejigkn^t 

* wc do carncfily defire tl)at,.Lf tb,^.t)e ^ny th>n^ 

' I 2 ' amon^ 



' afnongft the Letttri and Papers of the Enemyy 

* latdy intercepted, and brought to the Houfcs of 
' Parliament, or any other Information which may 

* give a further Light into this fiufinefs, that it 

* may be communiclted unto us, to be fcnt to thv 

* Paidiament of Sc«ttand^ 

• The preffing Wants and Ncceffities of the 

* Setts Army do inforce us, again, to importune 

* the Honourable Houfes, to give Order for Money 

* and Cloatbs to be fent to them to cover thetr 

* Nakednefs, and defend them from the Coldne& 

* of the Seafon, now daily tncrcaling ; and withal 
' we intreat for a fpeedy jfnfojtr to our former, 

* Papert^ that we may be able to give an Account 

■ of our Proceedings tothe Patliamentof^mZm^. 

By Ctmmtmd ef the Cmmiffientri tf tit Par^ 
liament «/'Scotlaiid. 


We fliall conclude the Afiain of this Month, 
with the Copies of fcveral other Enters, which 
are ciqireffive enough how the Proceedings of Par- 
liament went on at this Timet 

Nev. 19. The Lords ordered a Letter from Sit 
Thomat Fairfax, of the 14th Inftant, to be reported 
to both Houfes ; which was read as follows : 

For the Right Honourable the Committee of 
both Kingdoms at Derby-Htttfe. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
ALcunftom J Have in a Letter ta Mr. Speahertf the Hmf* 
o»^*ta./ ^ Cm frm,m,f,lf, a,ij„ah^ P.p« 

Diftritniioa of therein tncufed, reprefented tubal Diftrtbutim and 
Vt Foicct. Difpofure if the Army and Forces, now in theft 

Parts, we conceived to be moft anfwerable to the Af- 
fairs of the Weft and of the Midland Parts. I 
■have here fent your Lardjhips the Copies af heth, 

■ md defjre the Heufes and your Lardjhips llmtly Rt!- 
filutien fhereupen : In the mean ' Time, as thereby 



jT E N G L A N D. 133 

yiar Lerdjhips tmij perceht, I tanHvt Jmd vjial Part *"■ " Cw. I. 

tf the Ftrut canat prefijrt he well J^artd hettce t» tbe , ^^'' , . 

Midland /'nr/i, witfnut ftmt PrgutSee it the jfffairt Nawakcrt 

htrt ; and I hope tbe Midland Partf art nit infiub 

prtfeta Danger or Neeejfity, Ma what mof ie athtrwifty 

ftr tbe Time, prmided agaiaft j hid ifytur Lardfiyipt 

da find there it aprefiitt Necejiiy affimt farces frtm 

bmce, be pleafed te fyniff what Prtptrtian af Harji er 

FmI, er bothjyov^dnecejerj tc beflmt, ifndwbither\ 

ami yaur Ctmmands tbtrtin fiim it ^aft rea£fy 

tbtjldbj^ . \ 

Your Lordfliips humble Scrvuit, 


Um, 21. A Letter from Sir WMam Bttrttm^ 
was read as follows : 

To the Right Hon. the Lokds and othpis of the 
CoMMiTTZX of both Kiogdomi, 

My liords and Gentlemen, 
Cf'HE Ltrdhatb hem pleafid this Day ta r^9re*M^mh«m 
J- unta us thefirang CaflU ,/ Beefton, vAich^^^^^^^ 
VKjlaft about thit Ttme ttua Years, and hefitgid by j^akun Bftfaa 
us aheut this Time Tvuhematttb ; fiiet whiib Time^"^' 
they have bad na snare Liberty than what was ob~ 
ttuntdfirjl, hy Priiue Rupert and Prince Maurice's 
jtrmyy in March bsfi, which raijed us from that Siege i 
which being, after their Return, made ^ad, we art 
agtnn difturhed the fecond Time by tbe Kirk's Armyi 
wha cam* within ten Miles sf Nantwich, as he 
marched tawardt Leiceiler. 

iVe found in tbe Cajlie ahtut 8o Stand of Arms, 
fame little jfrnmunitien, hut lefs Provtjion, Tbe Go- 
venwr, Capt. Valet, with about 50 of bit Saldiert, 
Wat permitted ta march away on Feat, with tbeir- 
Jtrttts, to Flinty and fo t» Denbigh er Beaumaris i 
ibere remaining about 40, yAo laid dewn their Arms 
and fubmitttd themfehis, defiring Liberty te live at 
heme. Tit Prize therein ftH^ was ef wry [mall 
I 3 Vabu^. 


1^4 ^ PdfUmefitai^ H i s t 6 r v 

An. II Cu. I. yahitybuttfuch as as it ivaSy it h with Equality Uhf 
. * _ ' 1 dijiribtitid among the SfWtrSy viha have ptrfirmid a 
NoTcnttcr Vtryiedisus Siege. Agrgat Part of that tuUcbthe^ bad 
exa£ftd from Sie CoHntrj/y aiai thawed upontheAer 
^raiian and .Furnijhiii£ of the Cefile, It is repviti 
ti he one iff thefirmgeft Places in theft Parts oftkt 
SfFigdom. ff^ found their Horfes ia a weak andtan- 
guyhing Cendiiiany the Gtvertar's own Horfe biit^ 
Jcarce ahlf to go tui of ihi Stahle. ffe viirt very exa£I 
i^ perjorming and mating good the Conditians agreed 
upon t wbichy we hope, may produce a good EjfeU upon 
Chafter, lifferf it mw J6 firaHmd 06 the WelQi Side^ 
as no Manner of Provifiin eon ie brought unto them. 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

Your moft humble S^rvatiti 


Nov. 22. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lords 
acqu^ntcd them with it leCbna ' Letter he had re- 
ceived from FriACe Ruftrty -Mkk' Mb read aS- 
fdllows : 

Fat th« VMxt Hoii.'. tbeLonOs and CoMMotii 
. 9S^aik\U\xiV^i:AamiiM.dilVrflmv^. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
FibMRapen't M/'Jffir/flj / made my ftrner Jddtefs ^»j»\ 
Srp«U^ - h Lieutenant-CoUnel Oflwne, wlf had ik, 
£« « ViL, JiruiHons to deliver what were my further Drfttit 

and ffnceiving that, perhaps the J^ufier ^ tit 
" _ / _ lat b* fi acceptaiie, I kavt 

BOW made this immediate AppUcatitn tt yok j and 

bgve fent theft my Deftresy frtm which I (OHceivi 
ffjfelf in Honaur obliged, tut to recede, being De~ 
mends fuitable ie a Per fin if my ^uaiity, md- 
which would net. ie. denied to the nuanejl Geseral 
in ether Nations : And for the Particular ef our. 
ctming to London, (mine own and their Cmvni- 
htces neceffarily inducing. us .ibereunta) I Jhall .-en- 
(flge my Honour for myfilf and fuch as Jhall ac- 

L._. ^,Gt)tH^lc 

?r E N G L A N D. tjf 

ttmpenji me, that we jhaU da tutting prejluiiciid to JLo.aiCw.1 

At P^amtnt : S; h Expeaatiut ^ pur As/wtr, ***i- 

InJ, V— g— ' 

Your Friend and :8ervwt, Now-b-. 

■ft«- " RUPERT. 

Tbt Defa-tt »f bis Highnefs Prince Rupert, Princt 
Mavrice> Ltr^ Uawlcy, Ltrd Oerrard, Sir 
Sichird Willia, an^fucb ttkef Gentlemt^ sni 
Ctjnmandtrt as are now with them. 

J. • TT^O ,haye an ample and free Pais for themj 

* /elves an^ their Retinues, with ^eir 

* Horf^s ^d all other neceflary Accominodationsj 
' to go beyond (he Seas, or elle to ftay in fucp 

* :Parts of the ^ipgdo|n as thw (hall think fit, they 
' ways active againft the J^^rliament, ty 

* .bearing of An?s or othcrwife. 

^I. ' That (here be a convenient Caifdon eivei^ 
i' ^ndCovife.taJc^n, that neither thtyi nor any <^ 

* their Retinues, be t^ueftioned by the Parliamcijt 

* ;for;»iy hSt or Thiij^ done by them from beforp 
' ,;bc 'Be^innine of this War ; and that they ma^ 

* ^e r.eltored to.theifame Condition they were iji 

* .Ijefofe it began, and ^"y l^V^ all Sequcftrations 
*,^cnoffj snd that (they may live ,q^iet!y^t (heir 

* ^PHCesyitho^ Woleft^tion, if?ny of them Ih^l 

* .maie tbat -Eki^pn. 

,111. ' Th^t ,n^ Oath Ije tcivlered or ifopqft^ 
.* jlpon any pf <tbem,,or further Engagement"} anji 

* ithat Ljljcrty may be grated .to (udh as.ihall de^ 
'*, to ^\s iti L^niqn, to fettle ttieir BuHnefq 
f* /or tHeir Cc^nv^ fences abroad. 

JV. • jriiat a Lift be taken,.by -ari 
*.Mipf¥d by the ^Parliament, of all fucti.Pcrlog? 
■*^s as Ihall be jntended to be included in thefe 

* p.mqjxdsi and that.^it may be done at Banbury. 

* To thefr Demands they do defire there tnay 
' be ^ An fiver, returned j ^and if (t be poffible, or 

* convenient, tlwt it may be by the ajth of this 

'^ ^ RUPERT. 

H . Th^ 


I36 The Parliamentary Historv 

in. «i cu. I, The Senfe of the Lords upon thcfc was, That 

'^^' they think it not fit to recede from what was for-: 

faiembei. ™crly agreed upon by both Houfes of Parliament, 

and lent by thcirMeflengcr, Mr. Edtvard Piciering : 

And that^ if this be not excepted of, this Houfe. 

doth think fit to recall the faid Mr. Piehringy with^ 

in fourteen Days- 

Nov, 24. A Paper horn th« Se^s Commiffioners 
was reported to bodi Houfes. 

My LerJt Nov. 22, 1645. 

Tp HE Lord -Ch^cellor of S«/&Wbcinj, upon 
*■ Taefdaj/ next, to begin his Journey toward* 
Sc»ian4y we do earneQly entreat that the Ho- 
nourable Houfes would be pleafed to return an 
jfpjiver to our former Defires concerning the 
fettling of Religion^ the fending the Propyktons 
of Peacf to his Majelly, and the Entertainment 
of the ScoU Army ; and particularly that they 
would be p]eafe4 to give Order for Cloaths and 
other Necellarie^ for tbeir SubfilUnce, and to 
pafs an Ordinawe of Parliament for the Security 
of fuch Perfpns as (hall advance the Month's Pay, 
formerly promifed by the Houfes, to that Army 
now upon their March towards Nt%uark : that 
the Lord- Chancel I or may be cnabled,.in his Way, 
to give fome Account to the Army of our En- 
deavours here for th^ fupplying their Neceffities, 
and of our whole Proceedings to the Parliamei^t 
QiSc^iLind; and if the Honourable Houfes have 
an? thing further to communicate to the 
Parliunent ofScottoKd^ that they woujd be pleafed 
to make the fame known, it being our earncft 
Defire to ufe all good Means for promoting this 
great Work where in both Kingdoms are engaged, 
and for putting a fpeedy and happy Iffue to the 
Troubles and Diftraftions of thefe Kingdom^,' 

By Command ef the Can, 
■ 'wi/o/" Scotland. 

ni£antrs fir the Parl!q_- 




jd/ E N G L A N D. 137 

Nev. 28. This Day was read, in the Houfe of An. n Cu. t< 
Lords, a Letter, from ffaltir Strickland^ ^fq; the ^♦s* 
Parliament's Agent at the Hague, which gives fome n„,^i^. 
Account of what waa then doing on the other Side 
of the Water. 

For the Right Honourable the CoMMiTTiEof 
hoth Kingdom^ at Dtrhy-Hauje, 

Right Honourdile, , 

CrHE Letters of both Htufts and their Csmmit- ALetttrfram 
-* tees i delivered to the States -Gene r^, and /o Mr. St rickiand, 
the States of Holland. They wiH find Copies to the ^ J,' ''^^T^ 
Admiralty, tfnd reetmmend tht Expedition ef that Af- Higab* 
fair. I hope it will go well with them in Hijll and 
YoA. Dc Witt is at tht Hague. 

My Lords, the States are informtd, by their- Am- 
hajjador, that the Parliament Juffers the Spaniard t» 
take up' Men at London to fervi againfl them in 
Flanders. Many of the well-affelfed here arefcanda^ 
iized at it, as if the Parliament inclined much to fa- 
vour the Interefls ^Spain. 

They fpeak about 'the Parliaments maintaining Tradt \ 
with Dunkirk thnr Enemy, ytt forbid them the Tradt 
afthe Havens in the Kinfs Hands. 

It is Hit there will be ill Blood betwixt the King 
•^Portugal nff^fiii/i State; /or /;&^Portuga]s in Bra- 
zil, in the Weft-Indies, have taken afirong Fart, 
<aUtd St. Auftin's f'ort, from the States, aid, fome 
foy, two Ships laden with Arms, fent from hence. The 
Portugal Amba£ador here will net fend to hsTUi any 
thing of it, nor avnv it as the Kin^t ASt ; in the 
mean Time the \\*eft:-Indiii Company are pre- 
paring Ships and • * * far their Relief, and have 
50,0001. to do it wilhall. Tour Honours will fee 
(ht Story more fully by tht inclefed Letter, printed 

My Lords, there is a conftant Report, believed by 
many, that a Fleet of twenty-eight great Ships Jbail 
lit upon our Seas for the King of France. This is 
af great Concernment ; and though I will net write 
St for a Certainty, nothing yet being alJed in tt by 

I..., ^,Gt)ogle 

^ I J 8 7^ Pifrltamntary H i.s T o R v 

Aa. If Ar. I. thi.Sta^j vt J bwt ht«ri it fffttn of ^ Mpi of 
■ . ' .i . M .. / ^^^i i jto ^V / i^rft n^ ^Ut ahtrune your Hor 
Dttoni ^. w*w sf it, fff fl Thing whifh ifjeskfts^ k¥t ifthf- 
Ships he to be rnatb er bought herty ai fovK rtffirt thtj 
art, itvjt/I give Jealoufyto othert as weUasto us. F 
/hfiUfi^-yPV 4S*v X I fiialt b(n» furthtr Qmfyv 

I bear, from good Hands, that mt only France ani 

Sweden^ but tnoft of the Princ^ ,tf Qfijffififiy de^fre 

tbtmfflvfs ftvturfibi* t* thf bftveft if th* ^^lifi 

,' FfimHy; ^Jamo thiniik' ^V.^^s.^,ifd thoEmifferv 

■Thf Printfj^Owi^ tam bom* Iqfi K'^ ^o «" 

t5« Morningffar it w^tfiJitrJ'&lstgktWfPt ht n^^tm 
nit» tbf ib^- 
fmtivf^^rmed t^vft &> jQljji.H«94«fcj:\, «!l* f^w • 

fmot ^ mU IP -ww iScptl^d f'tn^ kmff •> m4 ' W 

tbt Kv^ 3iifU3*tdiIj awh a Re^oc v4tb tbt Parlia.^ 
' ment tf Englaad er ScofjAni, ,but not Hfiifh ks$b ; 
fiis is Bfifyt vat f^imH' IJm» 

««*.#»^. {S WAI.TCR STjadO^AWlP.. 

This Letter was ordered to be commiuiicated fot 
the Hpufe of Coipinaos> and their Concurrence 
dcfifcd) tlut it recomiqcQded to tbe Adtni- 
r^lty tp^ave a tljp Sea Affaifs. 

ReWutioM rf Deeemhtr. On the firft of this Month the Houfc 

S'reg^JS'w^w- of Common? deba(^ x^te Prop^iorts of be 

inotioni ind fajt tp ^thc King, and, i»(^ «/«, came to the fol- 

9:^"','Jn^.hvnae remarkable Mdutiont : 

Z^tfY^. * That bis Majefty be defirpd, in theft fropqfi^ 

tiegs, togtant the Tjtle and Dignity of ^ Baron of 

Mngland'xo Sir Thomas Fairfax^ and the Heirs 

2 Male 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

^y E N G L A N 0. 139 

UHe oiiuB Body J wd that an Eftate in Land of A^ ••<=*■ '■ 
joooL ptr Anmm be fittled on him and his Hciri . "*^' ^ ^^ 
^r ever, in Fee Simple, in Acbiowlcdgment of his dwckUt. 
many great and fartbful ^cfvkes to Ax. Kingdoip ; 
Thst his Father, F«rdinan4* Lord Fai^Boc [of 
Jutl and "^ hemadeaSAEonafldanSlU'l (;f^V;Za)^.' 
And, f«r th* fame Rcafona* 

' That :£ff^/ Eail of M/tK, J^trwun Eatl of 
NerthMtbtriaftd, Rohert £ari of fP'anaei (o), anci 
i'Mi^ £ari of Ptmirtie and v^/^tfj-niurfi, be made 
Dukes { and Aax. JVtUiam Kavl ^ Sal^uiy, and 
Edward Earl of MunchtJIer, be made MarquiflcB. 

' That WiUiam Z,eKl ' ^'^ifcoont &9> and &/;, 
7«&« Lord RabarU^ Frmmt Lord PTtUanghby of Pizr- 
Wt, and ^^/^ Lord WhtrUk^ be made Earfs.' 
'. That nmiiHtiUtt Efqibe made a Vifcount 
oi Engl(md, 1 

' That Sir Henry Vane, finiar, be made a Baron. 

* TiatOUvtr G-^mueiltitfli Lieutenant-Gene- 
lal, aid Sir ifilliam ff^eller, be made Barons of 
Etigkmdt and have each 2500A /<r dArawB, fettled 
on tbem and their r^pe^vt Hein for ever, in Fee 
Single. . . 

. * ThKt S^ Jfihur OfeUig and Su Philip Sta- 
^SM )xi,iK each aooo/. ftr Armtw. 

* That Sk. WiUiatit BrtrOea hwc 15007. fir 
dmmm. And, 

* ThfU -Mi^r-Oen«nil Sk^mhxvt iodo L pw 
dtmuap, fetded on tham and their xefpe£tiv« Hora 
far ev«r. In Pee Sivftlo. 

^ That the PtfJens OAw named to be created 
PuJKs^ Mi)i^i^s, Boris, -V^oounts, or BatonSf 
O^ a^rki£c laid refpediye Tides (U^Dienide^, 
in the Jane PriMuty and Prciccdencjr, accordiog. t* 
tiiofe t«(p4£tiK Titles of Dig^^ «r od:ier;^i>fe. 
eedencies i^y aow hold. ,'..-' 

; , * That' 

en»d«liilii, uuj apoii(lieHe:rioniliCTindchIJd{«it]) a ClinTe cf 
EKccFli™. Tbal it n»r Dot dcfctnd nn^ Oie L(^ Hii£, iiii now ddelt 
Sod.* Th^i, weprerDinei «>i owing to ibc l«id S/cii'i bating 
keen in Amu i£iina tJ)* Pir^uient. 

r..„ ,:^,Gt)t)^le 

140 the FarUamentary History 

An. «i c». I. « That the Lands and Eflates this D^ conferred, 
^ '^^i' , except the Eftate conferred upon Sir Themas Fair- 
DomW. />*> '^^ ""' '""'* *" ^'^^ Perfons they are confer- 
red upon, until the Public Debts and Engagements 
' of the Kingdom be firft fatisfied. 
> • That this Houfe doih declarci That it fliall be 
in acceptable Service for any Perfon to inform thist 
Houfe of any of their Members that, by himfelf, 
or others, direiaiy or indireftly, hath t^en or re-; 
ceived any Money or other Thing, of any Perfons, 
for any Matter depending in this Houfe, or any 
Committee thereof, fince the Beginning of this 

Mr. IVhitlecke (a) adds to the foregoing Refelu- 
liant. That . the Lord Hnoard was to be made an 
Earl, alfo Sir Philip Stapybon, and Sir Arthur Ha- 
felrig. Barons : But the Jeumah make no Men- 
tion of tbefe three \a& intended Promotions. 

' Decemher 1. This Day the Earl of M^uhefter 
icquatntcd the Lords, That he had received a 
Letter from the Earl of Ltven, with N'otice that he 
was come up with the Scots Army to Newark i and 
defired to know who {hould command there in 
Chief. Upon this the Houfe thought fit to ap- 
point General Livm to command all the Forces, 
both Engtip> and Sfoti, that fliould be employed be- 
fore Netuari, during their Continuance at that 
Place : But, at a Conference with the other Houfe 
about ^is Appointment, the Commons were not 
filling to truft the Command to one tingle Perfon, 
A JoiBt-Com- and defmsd that a Joint-Committee of EHgliJh and 
taibtt oitH- Scots Ihould refide with the Army before Nevjark 
cL*^!^ and aa in that Office ( which was agreed to by the 
n,ihn' n «- Lor^, with this Provifo, That the En^fii Com- 
Mri tbt PiHh- jaivtst fliduld cenfift c^ a Number of Lords and 
JJJ'U.ij^ * Commons, to ad under fuch Inflxuaions as fliould 
>i|nni^ be agreed on by both Houfet. 

TTie Siege of this important Town, which hfui 

Jong been a great Grievance to the Parliwnent, 


(*> J- — ■■-'• - ■*" 


of E NGL AN D.. ,41 

being now begun i this Xivf., DianAtr ^, the foU Aa.iiCv.L 
lowing Intelligence came Jrom thence, ani was , **4i- , 
communicated to the Lords, alone with a Ltttir r^J^^_ 
fn>in the SttU Commlffionen in Ltn^, Tlie 
Letter was as fallowi : 

For the Rt. Hon. the Lord G REV of rTari^ 
Speaker of the Houfe of PltRS pra Ttmpari, ' 

. My Lord, 

T£^E received Tefientigbtf in a hetttTfrtm hit Ex- lattSD^mBthim 
'^ eellenty the Earl sfLeven, the Particulart ^theat* 
the taking 9/ Muflom-Bridge, uihiA wt fend you 
. here inekfid. The Offctrt and &»l£trt tf nr Armj 
are reduced ta greater ^anti and Extremitiet than 
we are willing ta exprifn andunlefs they he' very 
JptedifyfiippUedwith idenrfy Ciioths, and ether Necef- 
Jaries, they are ne ways ail* it pnfeeute the Service : 
We da therefere earnefify entreaty that ytu would he 
pleafedta put the Haujei in mind H give Order fir their 
Supply with all peffible Expeditien. The General hath 
written divert Timet to the Cemmiiteet at Derby, 
Nottingham, end Lincoln, to contribute their Affi/i- 
ance infumijhing them with Prmifient, but huth re- 
ceiiied no Anfv/er ; which nm»th ut again to dtfire^ 
that the Houfet would be pita fed to appoint fame ta re- 
pair thithery uihe may take Care to fwnijh them with 
Pravijient j which Jball oblige us to remain^ 

Your LordQiip's very affedionate Frienids, 

WOTceflM-Haaiict And humble Servants, 

Dec 5, 1645^ 


The Letter referred to in the foregoing was as 
£}ltows : - 

■ TTPO N the z6th ofthit Infiant November, having 
^ eojnf to thit Plate, within a Mile of the Tm/Hy 
Imufedto draw a Line clofe to Mulkbiin-Bridge, 



142 the Par^an/entaryHit'tv^Y 

in. •! Ctf' !• it^tupen I pUuM^u^Mtttfrtf andfiu^ W Miott 
'^' U arafi ihe Jotwr, aadjisrm tht Sante mf«H tbt oiur 

o^^SoT^^'^^ *•** '^ Ema^iyapprdie^dvtg tht Dt^n^faiiu4 
HKt YtR^da-f Maniiag h^r» tht Br^Jt gf fjf* OiBN 
end attimpted tht cutting tff thi Bri4gtt pram %iM^ 
thiy vitrt btat off by fur Mufqutteers with little Lefii 
t^trtoards thty Jlif Firt t§ iht Draw-Dri^t, Jnf 
eur fitras fai&ig m £J i*(H ih^ iocij jpyi fx~ 
tinguijhid the Firi^ which made them ferfake thnr 
fVorki i fi> that we art now Mafiert Mb ^ pridgg 
and Hcence. 

But v*Hft ttis bloody Scene jias-carry5ng on 
in the Depth of Winter, the Houfc of Commons, 
it feems, were not unmuulful of Peacr \ for the 
fame Day thcv fcnt up a MefTage to the Lords, 
Importing, * That they had confidcred the great 
Preflures and Mlferies 6ie 'Kine;dom laid under^ 
hy this unnaturai War ; and oat of their DeTires , 
to have a fafe and well-grounded Feaa ohtaihedy 
they had orcpared Tome i*n|^^/»u to be prefent- 
ed to Jiis Majefty, in which were fome Altera- 
tions dil&rent 'from thde prefeoted formerly to 
him; and to which they defired their Lerdmips 

Dec. t. WWIft theie Praptfiians were under 
Confideration of the Lords, As Speaker acquaint- 
ed that Houfe with a .Lmtr^ delivered him hy a 
Trumpet the Night before ; it was ^.Letter from 
the King, inclofed in one ^m Sir ^l^mtas'Glem- 
ham^ Gaveioor ,of Oxfird; which w^a Xead as 
follonire (a). 


•(■} Sfr «i«M> CAmIm luJ1>ew«n«((Mr«fCii*£)b,wUtli 
Ourilba 1m beM fWthelUiit during ■ Siege of et««nUi«tbi,tet, 
Vpn bireaMag It to G«acnl I^Jltfi '»' Ukrtr.tomufh Is 
vbERTcr Ifae lUog ma { >cc<ndliit1)>, ia Stpumia ati Year, hcwu 
■•de Garcnar of Ot^ri, ia tlie Room of Col. l*jp, a^U kaia 
IiBprilaocdkf tbetha King, itolMiict Ji*y>rfiSDrmd(r«f Ar^. 
«(■•■ P p ft a i— d tinta H#«ffi'f FaTgW* and Aanl«*.BN 
to bi AAlmkm to aayor bii CNUWBdi. 

t3artti»,7l/&.VT,^. 695. WikUei,^. l'j$i 



5/ E N G L A N D. Hj 

An. sr Cu. L 

ferffie9rEJ«ekiio# tte Haaft otfwtnapf* »Hs- \ 


TTIS Majify heingibtflffinfiiU tflhi Ct^tifiua-"^^^ ^ 
■*^ U'an sf ibis bloody and tamatural WAr, ««- jhrfR^uatat 
Mt think himfilf Jifihargtd »f tbt Dutj hi man tttetPtKc 
•Oed^ ar iht Afftaiut and "kigard ht Im t» iht 
Prtfirvatien ef oit PtepU, tuithua tie tenfiant Apfii- 
taliim of hit tdrnefi Endtavtars iefiadjemt £scptS*m 
fir ihejpeedy tndmgafthtje unhappy Dijraiiitns (a)^ 
fif that may be] diHb therefsri dtfiriy That a Safe- 
CtitAtii mtf h fitihivith Jmt ftr the Duke af R ich- 
mond, the Earl ff/"Southanipton, John Albburnham, 
^rtrf Jeffrey Palmfer, Ef^rs. and thrir Attendants^ laith 
e»ath/ft Brrfes, and ether Aieemm»datina fer their 
ymrnej « Weftminfter, ittring their Sit^ there, and 
return when they^ Jball think fit : Whm hie Majefty 
intends to fend ta the Lords and Commans ajfen^led 
m the PkAi^meni af England at Wrfhaiafter, md 
ihtCtmm^merstftheParliameMt tf Scotland, fitr-- 
nifiied vuth .fiub Prtf^ms as ha Mtjf/ly is c»i^- 
dmt win he the Ftmdatien af a happy and well- 
msadtdVtasx. . , „ 

Girai at the Court ftt Oxford Uw jQi of Dectn- 
her, 1645. 

The torfs toolt msM^giMn tflt'Eiflg aa- 
mediately intoC&nfldetUtlftft-, ^idlf^te'tiiwedlo 
fend it to thfe CoiliifitmSVldJthfe 9cftft tifrtjrt'it, wte,' 
« That this Hbufe dHnot Aihle it-fit fl*rc (houW 
-• be a Sale-Condua grairfdd'i6 JfKdfe 'fbUr PfeHons 
* upon this Uiir: IWt the Cjfh^Hdil (feiHS ptit 
■WhctKer to Have this SSHfe d&iartd WfofS ft te' 
&ht'5bwn?'itwasftftilV(*diilfl*l'fcg4tirt. Thtft-: 
libon the LeiUr ynA ftfll to the ffiufc of Ooth- 
inons,wih a beTue pHly that th^y wtniM ctittWtt- 
nicateit to flie Sw^i CohimlffiaittrS. 

tJic Q, The Triimp« vtHkh brbtigtt «WS JWt- 
Sping Pw:ltet from &t King, was' fent b«lc t«b 

144 ^ ParliamtTttary History 

Am. «i Our. I. the fbllowui^ Letter, figned by the Spealcera of 
' . '^*i- . bothHoufcs: 

For Sir Thomas Glemham, Governor oi 

TT^E hoot reaived jBur Letter »fthe $lh Infimt,- 
with his Majejiy's itulafidy and have feni back 
your Trumpti by Command of both Hnufei, who witlt 
with all convement Spied, return an Anfwer to hit 
Majijlj, and ref. 

Your loving Friends, Wf. 

tiec, 10. The Houfes haiflong been upon fend- 
ing an Jnfivtr to the Papers they had received from 
Scotland, which being, at laft, agreed upon^ vis 
read in the Houfe of Lords this Day, 

* HTHE Loi^s and Commons afiembted in 
faiS7n!p2r ' * . the Parliament of England at iVeJiminfier^ 
hw^ prarcnted * having received feveral Papers from the Com- 
^^^^Mf*^ * miffioncrs of the Parliament of Scotland, panicn^ 

"** • larlyone <rfthc 29th ofSf^(«niff",and another of 

* the 9th of O&iber, to the Matters therein con- 

* tained they return this Anfwtr : 

' Concerning the Payment of the Scots Army^ 

* fo much infifted on in your Lordfbips Papers, the 

* feveral Declarations, and the divers Courfes ancf 

* Ways which, in the faid Papers, are exprelled, 

* and acknowledged by your Lordfhips to have been 

* made and taken by us for the Payment of that 

* Army, fufficiently witnels our conftant Care 

* and manifold Endcavoun for the Supply thereof; 

* and if all thofc Ways have, notwithftandine, 
■ proved fo little effc^ual as your Lordihips at-- 

* ledge, yet can it not in any iiort be imputed to 

* the Houfes of Parliament; who iio'fooner have 

* had any Wants of that Array, or any Obftruc- 

* tions in the Ways talcen for the Entertainment 
' thereof, reprefented unto them, but they have 

* forthwith 


«^ fi N G L A N i). Hj 

* forthwith applied themftlres to Aipply the one Ai. n Cu. I. 

* and remove the otber, to the litmoft of what lay . '**!' ^ 

* in their Power. Before thfe Scot's Anity wa» en- ' 

* tered into this Kingdom, we appointed a Com" 

* mittee to fit purpofdy at GeU/mltht-HaS, to pt^ 

* vide Monies a«d Neccflaries for the Support 

* thereof I this Committee hath fat eveh fince 

* conftantly to that End, and to put forward the 

* Execution of our Ordimmett therein, whereat^ 

* twice a Week, fomc of the Commiffioners of 

* Sfs^itofff/themfelves were prrfent, to be Witneljes 

* and Promoters of their Diligence ; the fame 

* Committee had their Agents in every Coiihty : 

* To quicken the ExecuUon of our Orders below 

* In the Country, we allowed Salaries and Rewards 

* to the Diligent, we gave Power -to punilh the 

* Negligent, and all that {hould ih any Sort divert 

* or obftruA the ctmiing in of thofe AfTeflmehts : 

* When the Courfe firft defigned for the Pay-:. 

* * ment of the Scats Army, out of the Eftates of 

* Papifts and other Delinquents, anfwered not E^- 
' * pedation, we provided for it aa for other Armies^ 

' by Way of Tax and AlTefliiient upon feVeral 
' Counties ; and when .h-fe of the Nerlbtm Parti 

* proved infufficient for fo great a Charge, we 

* added others- thereunto, and thofe of the moft 
' * entire and quiet Parts of the Kingdom ; whtfe 
' * firft was laid an Afleffment of loo,ooo/. in Grots, 
' ■ and, after, a monthly A^edment oF 2t,ooo A 

* ^w Month. There was never any Expedient 

■ • ofiered unto us for the Removal of any Obftrup- 

■ * tion in the railing of thofe Affeffmcnts, whi^ 
' * we did not readily alTent unto j there was nevpr 

* any Thing defired of us by our Brethren of 
' * Scetlaitd, which was in our Power to gfiht', whicb 
' * we have not willingly agreed unto Tor the thofre 

• * fpeedy and effectual Execurion of oUr OrJei-t for 

* the Pay and Support of that Arh^ ; there vrai 

* no CoUrfe taken for any other Arniyj but we" 
' haW: takiEii the like alfo for the Scots ; fo that we 

* may truly affirm; TUit it hath not refted on hs, 

* that the Artby hatb ttat been as well paid and pro- 
~ Vol.- XlVi K vidc<J 


'Jie^oj^ia/tiettiofy Hi STORY 

' vided fori as any other- whatfoevei; ^ but if tile 

* Aftjvenefs .aa.d great SucceiTes of fome otbcr 

* Arnii^ have^iven us' more Credit-in procuring 

* Money to be advanced For them, or mpFe qijiok- 

* ned the Spirits of the People to pay in thcU At- 
, *, fe/Tniepts tg them, ' furely that ought not to i>e 
" * turned into" Matter of Complaint ag^nft usj, ha- 
, * vii& found the fame by Experieiice,'firoBi Time 

* to Time, in the Payment of the Armies of our 

* own Nation t pofllbly alfo the Pay pf other 
'. ■ Armies may. appear more conilaaii and their 
'. * Wants lefs, than it is well known to ue thatWh 

* pne anS the other have been-: {</ cither have wir 
' * Endeavour's been altogether fo ineffeflual for the 

* Supply of theS«(f Army,butthat from the'fixth 

■ • of 0£leter, 1643, to the fir'fl 6f Navenher, ^^4^, 
, * there hath been a&ually paid to them, m Mioii^> 
. "* and Provifioh? for which Money hiitb been iQued 

■ 'f."5Ut of Goldfmtlhi-'Hall, the Sum of 13.0,629/. 
-, • Sterliag, befides ^qooo/.. in Money and Lad 
\ ' paid unto them at rsri j and what they ha.wi ce- 

* ceived, liponihe AfleiTments'ofthe/i'DrfieniP^rts, 

* appointed ,to be paid into the Lord Mavqt of 

* fSri, and iipontbe.^FjfthHnd Tventietli ?art, 
' and from the Coaland Excife of JVfKJiT^i, asd 

* .6f the l^crlhtrn Paiis, or otherwife, by any Af- 

* fignments of both Houfes of Parliament i asd 

* lilceiX'ife befides another Aflignment ofioooLper 
' Month, alTeffcd upon the County of Ifori, in 

. * Monies aiid Pirovifions, for fewr Months duriig 

* the Siege of Tark and after, amounting to 88,00®/. 

* and alfo befides ro,ooo/. rapre to cloath the 
,. ' Soldiers of that Army upon their Return to.New- 
,,' cqftle^-ovti aAd above ail that themfelres had le- 

* vied in the feyeral Counties where they have 

* been, and their free Quarter and difordcriy Plua- 

* derings ; which fif they have been fo exceffive 

* as the Cry tljereof from feveral Parts reprefeiUeth 
» them to our Ears} it is not "much-to be wondered 

* ?J' 'f *he Water run more fpaiingly from the 

* Cifterns and Conduit, when it is fo much ex- 

* h«uftcd at. the Spring Head, from whepce tie 

' Afieflmests 


, , j^ EKOi AND. i0 

i Aflcfljnenw % the Entertainment of that Army, V- »' Cn- L 
f iod othpr^, mxild have ;^ir<;)i. ' . '°*^ , 

, • Coifccrhing the Exf ife of the Nvrthem Parts, bitemMri 
f pnd the Ways th^t ,are alledgel to be taken to di- 
J vqrt it from the Sett/ Army, by Forcftalling it here 
' in.tbe&M/i^,^dapplyingitheretootherUres; oo 
? fuch Prafficas haye bceq njajle known to us j' and 
*.,vb<enlb^£rt^ey fhall bedifcovered, wc fliall l>e 
5 ffady to apply fitting Remedies thereunto. ' 
.^ And for the Co5 of A'Wy.rtf'?/? j . poAiUy the 

* Prpfits thence arifing might fell very ihort of the 

* E^imate made thereof, in feme one Month ) 
i bt^ in other. ..Month s> it hath come in iti greater 
5.ti>iniip«s; and we£nd that, for thefe Twelve- 
f pi,oat)M \»St. pad, there h^ath adually come in, an4 
5.b9en a^z^ ,to the Ufe of that Army, upon thp 
^.t^jwJs^rfJVnjIf^/f and^KiiaSrr/aflli/, ab6vcjj,000/, 
^.$Cerlipg, ^hereof 4500/. were of the CuAom^ 
f belonging, to t/ic Navy : And if, upon taking of 
i J>[fWMfiU hj the Sc9ts ^raiy« the pourfe for thp 

* m^aging- of I^e Coals, fettled by both Houfey 
,* ftf the Padi^unent oi ^nglandy in the Committer 
-f- 9f Ofildfraiihf'HaU, haJ not beeh interrupted, 
^ fhe ComfD4nec might have "been better able tp 

* have £iy^. tan Account of any Decay of Trad^ 

* herein, apd how jt b^th happened that many 
,*, Monttts it hath Jallen below the firft Eftima^ 

* thereof. 

* Having, made Anfwtr to the moft material 
1* fointe in your;Lordlhips Papert^ concerning thp 
.• jP^y of thie 5«/j Army; as you have very fre- 
-,* qwntlyand very freely declared unto us the Wanp 
■ UVl Neceflities thereof, through Default of Pay; 

* fo.&allwe aUb, with the lifce Freedom and Biro- 
.* tberiy Afici^io;!, reprefcnt to our Brethren <)f 
.* Scotland fome Particulars concerhing the Procee4- 

* ings of that Anny; It Is well known unto your 

* JL^rdfliipSj that We haVe, Upon divers Occafions» 
'* fignificd our Advices. and D i red! ions bo v/ (hat 
.* Army might employ itfelf mod effeAiially' f^r 
-• the Advancement of the public Service of th,ia 
' Kingdom, by engaging againft . the Common 

K a * Enemie», 


ii6 the ParJiatttentary Histort 

Aa. II Car. I. * Enemies, and the Places held and pofTefled' by 
. ''^S' . ' them ; wherein, by what Occafion we know 
Notcmba. * ^°^t ^'^ ^'^"^ found ourfelves fcveral Times 

* difappointed of our Hopes and Expc^ations ; by 

* which Meant not only the Common Caufe bath 

* bein retarded, but alfo the Ends fhiftrated hi 

* which the ASiftartce of fo great an Army wad 

* dcfired by us, which was, that a fpecdy Conclu- 
. * fion might be put to thefe unhappy Wars. "Wt 

* Iball not need to go further back for an Inftance 
' than to that whereof die Scnfc is frefliefl in our 

* Minds, and which, in that Conjundure of Time, 

* and of our Affairs, proved very prejudicid to*die 

* Service of this Kingdom ; whicii was the conti- 

* tinuing of that Army in the North, where n4 

* Enemy was, and not marching to beliege Nno- 

* ark, at fuch Time as it was thereunto de&red 

* by both Houfes of Parliament ; although they not 

* only exprelled their Defires therein, but alfo thclir 

* Care in the Provifion of Money and Ammuni- 

* tion to enable and encourage them to undertake 
. * that Work ; but having received no Satisfiu^on 

* at all in that Particular, 'till that now, by your 

* LordQiips Lttter of the 12th of November, the 

* Refolution of the General, the Earl of Leveny 

* concerning the Marching of that Army towards 
' Neuiarky was fignified unto us : By Means of 

* this Belay, not only the Neribtrn Parts have 
.* lain all this white under a moft uhfupportable 

* Burden, but alfo the faireft Opportunity thai 
\* hath yet offered itfelf unto us, hnce the Be^n- 

* ning of this War, of putting an End to our 
*■ Miseries, together with the Seafon of the Year, 

* for the fpcedy reducing of that Place, which 
'was the principal Ground of our Refolution in 

* that Particular, is already flipt out of our [fands; 

* and the Advance of the 30,000/. which we had 

* good Hope, and fome Airurancc of, from the 

* City, for the tJk of that Army, in cafe it came 

* to Ntwark before the firft of Navember^ and ndt .. 

* otherwife, is rendered more difficult and doubt- 
^ ful unto MS, 

^ENGLAND. 14^ 

* It was ftr from our Intentions, that the S«(* Aii.*iC.r.i. 

■ Annv Aould neither be provided for by us, nor . *^J' . 

* yet fulFered to provide for their own Subfiftance j p^flni^. 

* nor dotli the contrary appear by any AiiHons qi 

* Oniiffioaa on our Part, nor yet by any Sufferings 

* of that Army; but that, according to our Power, 
*■ we have made Provifion for them, and that they 

* alfohave fupplied thcmfelves. 

* We fhaJl remember, according to your Lord- 

* ihips ExprelGons in your Paper, That not writ- 
' ttn Ordinances but real Payments muji fiiU0 tht 

* Neuffities tftht Soidiiri ; and we hope it Ihall be 

* as well remembered alfo, how far better thaQ Pa- 

* per our Ordinaiuei have proved to that Army, 
f which hath not been more ready to engage ittclf 

* really in the Service of this Kingdom, than we 

* have been forward to pay it, and really I;o fatisfy 

* the Ncceffities of the Soldiers j and therefore de- 
*- lire that fucb Expreffions may be foreborne, 

* which may feem to denote either from the Hp- 

* nour of ttie Proceedings qr of the Ordiru^iuj of 

* Parliament. 

, * When the Treaty was concluded between the 

* two Kingdoms, it was fuppofed that fuch migjit 

* be the Wants or Neceffities of this Kingdom, as 

* that they jnight not be able to make due and con-' 
*. ftant Payments of the Scefs Army ; yet was it 

* not fuppofed, that* in DeJiault thereof, diey might 

* forbear to engage their Army, much leCs l^y 

* Taxes upon the Peo|de oi £ngiand to pay tlvw- 

* felves, this Kingdom being to giv^ tbe^ public 

* Faith foi-thc payment of their Arrears, with Ib- 

■ tereft y zs, on the other Side, the Kingdom of 
*i' SeitUiid gaxe their Public Faith, That neither 
*' their Entrance into, nor Continuance in the King- 
*: dom of Eitgfgnti, fltould be made ufe of to arty 

* other Ends- than fuch as-aif contained in the C»- 

* veaant and Articles of tho Treaty, That it js> 

* QoatrUy ta the Liberties of the Subjefts of ^»f- 
*'latid, tnat My Tajtes or Levies of Money, fhould 

* he made, r^ifed, or levied iipon thpm, without' 
4. theCoDlcfttpf botb ^ouff S of P^liainqnti . we 

K 3 * need 

r..„ ,Gt)t)gle 

' need not declare to your LorJfbips : And we are 

* foriy that the Cries of the People which contiAu- 

* ally found in our Ears, efpecialiy of the Norlhgnt 

* Parts, brought to us under the Hands of fuch 3^ 

* we have entruftcd there', Ibpuld enforce us to tk- 

* prefent unto our Brethren of Satlaad the greaC 

* Complaints,' which, long fince, and at this pre- 
f fentj arp made of the laying of Taxes of Mon^^ 

* and othef Things, by feme of the iSMfi Arn^ | 

* and that alfo in very vafV and excedSve Froi»6r- 
f tions, befides free Quarteri^, and difotdefJr 
< }>lunderinga of Horfbt, and otner Goods ; wbictf 
■ Courfes being tdcen and continued, it caatiot btf 
f expected that we ftculd continue the Mon^/ 
f Pay of that Anny ; Which, thdu^ we have nof 
^ taken Occafion to Hop and furcs^ upon TuCeif 

* and Levies, of Money, and ottMr Proceedings of 

* diat Army, yet We expert, as dut which of Right 

* is due. thtft, out bf it, Deduction and Satit^- 

* tion ffifill be giveH («■ ^ Premffes. ' 
* Ahd aS' we are '-^liged to Aakc good thtf 

* montpjy Pay of that Army, according to thrf 

* ^rieah, fo long M Prt fhaW find itneCe&ry to 
f ufe the Alliftance theraof within (bis KingdoAi.' 
' And no loifgef y ib'ifi that Army likewife DOiin<r 

* CO demean th<Hnfelv«s confe^mabie t* the Te^^ 
5 nouv of the .TtakT)' ; xhdj atconfiltgtlimuntO'itar 
f'give Satifi&^'4>rt' iinto ^i« KiAgdoAi that fuch' 
VForees of«be Seonlfiafion, as hatwbMnifutinto' 
f *lH>-fcVeral'Garrifoft« of hietbeofiii tipm'Pftte., thtf 

* iCity of CafUJtt^ Snd other Placra-ln the, Ji/ertA, 
^ Without the Confrnfof both Hsafeft trf the Par-' 
f liafflent of' England; ftialt be removed (- 1« the In- 
"tent that the fame may be difpoftd ;pf5 i(»" fkiirtf 
•-.Manneras (hailbe (hougbt ftHlffe'by the Aid* 
' Houfes of ParlianrWnt, the Perfciwiince whtfttoP 
f • we ba\c demahded from ■thcKin^btiiit^Sctiiiiad'- 
*'byoiirirfr^rt;tothMPariiaiAerrt..A L^;:, '• 

';*■ Thefe Things we- held- oJrielv** IMnrtSi W «-* 

fi-jjwfeni: t6^urSi*rtlr*il'frf'-«r*i*W^ «^ 'wieKW 

f Diftfliftrgeiof tbe'Truftrepofttiiiu*-,fofil>c P)fe-' 

I-ftrvition of- Ih«; 'iBtt^eft- arid Lifcettieia-'^ fhSa' 

■ - ' i, ■ ■ ' Kingdom* 

r..„ .,Gt)tH^lc 

ff. E N G L A ?J B. 

* KingJom, ^s ^o the better to iQaJHC^in the U- ,Aiy \ 

* nipn.and good Correfpondency between the f^o , 

* King^doms j whifh being the fiir^ft Fgundation 

* of Security aifd Profperity to both Kingdoms, it -. 
' always hach, and always {hall be the hrm Retiji- 

* lution of both Houfeg of the P^ilianjent oF Eng~ , 

* iofdy to inaintain and preferv;. th^ (d-mst accora- . 
' ing to the Cavt^ant and Tttqiy; the fogiipo^ . 

* Rules and Marjcs which both Kingdoms have frt , 
■ up t9 thetpfelves to fteer their Co'urfe by in ij)* . 

* ^urfuing of their joint Intcrefts, and for the af- 

* taming of the good ^hds therein exprelTed a;id . 

* contained, &cm which w.edeCre thattheremaybe 

* ho Swerving on either Side -, hoping and expeft- 

* ing the like Redrcfs and SatUf^^ioB fjcxfi ofc 

* Brettiren of Scailani^ upon , ajiy Jjij^i^i^incnt ■ 

* thereof, a^ we fliould be ref dy to gi^ve vi)'o ^^^k 

* if any fucb Thing fliould happen ou, our Part. ' . . 

* Concerning Rdigion and the fettling ^£ Church . 

* Government ; as there is nothing whererri we 

* have more defired to app^vp qur Q^fti«tf^ 

* W .Qod, «wl MIT Actions to the Wpt^d, fij t^iyir • 

* IteHts.giYC 1^ a very clear TciHiflojjy pf lie 

* ^tl^ ai\ldilig(pt Difchsrge of our Outy therc'^ 

' in, accQtdio^ tp the Trvft re^fcd In us, ?o4.tij? j 

* Ceven<^ taken by us ; and we conceive our. Aq- 

* (ions witiefs np lefs to alt ^hat wilt righily w^igh 

* ^d copfidcr .wtut we have alre^idy i^oae therein.* 

* and witli wl^at ipjligence and Z(;al wq have^A)«ci 

* ^ime to. tipie,. proceeded in that Woijt of vpdt 

* feeing refolded to coriunue u\ fo doing, tjll ,^p . 

* hays fw^y.fu^piipd yhat fliall y^t appear W b^ . 

* V3[Jting,tlwrcJii.: It be^ng alw^jtsto be re^iflr 

* ^rcd. tnat. the prcferwiflg the Liberty a^id ff^;'. • 

* don) of our psb^ites and Itefolutions in Pauifti. ' 
' (nent, it is nat tobe imeipiecedort&rmcdl;^^^ > 

* g^ence or Delay in us. . ■ ,,,, . 

* As to x\viProp!sJkiQni.ctiP.(afe to be feijit tq hifi, > 

* Majefty, in Purfiiance of oyr. ^^/u/j^n/'of th^ • 

* 6th-of ^«j«/?>coniniunicated to your LO|rdfhipsi 

' we have prp:ef ded therein as the Exigence ofour. ^ 


i^t ^e FarUameniafy HiS70RV 

^. ai Cit. I. « Affairs would permit } and the Prepefitieta being 
. ''*^' ^ , * at this prcfcnt continually in Agitation uid Dti 
pitfg^, * bate in Parliuneht, we are rdblvcd to apply oWt 
'"■ • felves both fpeedily and efFc£liialIy to the perfcft-; 

f ing of them, accordirig to the prefent State of Af- . 

f &rs i v\d wf doubt not but our Actions Iball 

* teftify to our Bretbrph of Scotland, apd aU the . 

* World, that there is no earthly Thing tnore in our 

* Thoughts and Defires, than the fettling of a fafe 

* and well-grounded Peace in the three Kingdoms, 

* for which we have done and ft^ered at much at . 

* any Kingdom In the World. 

JO. BROWN, Ci^r. Par, . 

The fame Day the following Draught of m Jar . 
Jivir to the King's laft Me£age was read and agreed 
tcby'the Ldrds ; the Earl of Liruebi, though Iwi . 
had taken die Cevenant fince he was laft admittcil 
into the Hbufe, 6iily dilTenting. 

i^ it pltafe your Majtftj^ 
il5jt?£'^,*' * T^E Lords and Cbmmons affemblcd in the ! 
fitn^cut MeT- ' *• Parliament 6f England at ff^e^minfiery have , 
W Iron the f receivM yDuf LeHtr of the iftb of this Inflant 
}^* * I>*fCTii*r,by'a Trumpet f[om 5iT Thtmai Glem- 

* ba/ni and having, togetlVer ffriththcCofaidiiflion- 

* irs of the Parlianlent of Scotland, taken the fame 

* intothcirferiousConfiileratiohSi'hayecomimande'd ^ 

* us tQ return this their humble vj^r/wer. ' ' ■. 

* They ' have, in atl tbelr ^AAitins,' nianifefle(( 
' to your Majefty ' and the World," thtir Tiitccrt 

* Defires that a fafe arid well-groinded Peace 

* ftiightbe fettled in your three Kingdoms ;' anJ 

* for the obtaining fo great a' Bleffing, flisll 'eVe^ 

* pray-unidGodjandufetheif utmoIlEndeavours J , 

* dnd'lhonldhavetotinted it a great Happinefs, if 

* ypur Majcfty's At^ions had been anfwerable to 

* die Expreffibns you have fo often made concern-i 

* irig yoiir Defire of peace. ' ■ - ■ 

* As to you Majefty*s Defire of a Safe-Con-i 
» ^a for the coming hither of the' Duke of Rici~ 

'•'■" - ■ * mtndf 


V ENGLAND. 1^3^ 

* tiumd, the Earl oi Seuihampttn, 7«£«4'^i«r'n&«)i,Aa.iiar.r. 

* and Jeffry Pahntr-, Efqrsj with PrtftJUimx from ^ ''*^' _ ^ 
"* you ; the Pcrfons formerly employed from your 

* Majefty, on the lllcc Occafion, having agitated 

* other Thing to the Difadvantage of the PuUa- 

* ment, they cannot admit thereof. 
* And finding that former Treaties have been 

f made Ufe of hy your Majefly for other Ends, 
^ under Pretence of Peace, the Lords and Com- 

* mona, and the Commiffioncra for the Kingdom 
. .' of Seatland, fithence the Breach of the Treafy at 

.* Vxbridgey have refolved and ^recd to fend Pre- 

* pejhlent and Bitlt unto your N^efly, for the ob- 
' taining of a fafe and well-grounded Pm» ; and to 
^ delire your Aithier unto them* without any 

* Trfn/y to be had thereupon ; and tbii they intend 

* to do with all convenient Speed.' 

Ji^.l^. The foregoing Draught being ordered Whid b 
to be cwnmunicated to the Seats Commiffioners for J^^J^^^ 
their Approbation, b^ore it wa$ fent away, they can 
returned the following Anfwtr and Sxcepthm to ' 
it: ' 

Die. 12, 1645. 

My Lerdi and Gentlemen^ 
■^ rTAving received from ypur Lordihips h|3 

* n MwBy's, Letter of the sth of this Inftant, , 

* to. ^e Houft oiF peers, and at the fame Time a 

* braught of the Jujii/er o^ hoA Houfcs to that 

* Letter, we find in that Anfvjer fomc Particular*, 
f wherein we are named as Confentcrs, to which , 
f we cannot agree j neither would it, we are con- , 

* fidcntthayc been expe^ed from ys, if pur, former 
' P^eri had been confijeredi or we.confulted 
' therein," a^ formerly upon the like Occalions ; 

* concerning which we are ready to give your 

* Lordfhips Satisfadlion by Conference.' 

By Command tf the Commiffimers for ibe Perlia- • 
' mmt ef Scotland. 



154. Tie pMrS^tam/aryrHt^TtHi^r 

'iS^j. ' ' l,KCtrTX0rt3 /» ibifir^fii^ DraKghle/imAsMrEti 
V— ,r— ' rt the King's MeS^ga. 

XTtrHereas, according to the Or^ of bath 
"• Houfes of Parliament, a Draught of tbeij: . 
Anfiver to his Majefty's late Lttter is, liy thip 
Honaurahle Committee, coimniuucAtad to. vs 
the CommiffioBcn of ttre parliaineHt. of SfotifmU 
we have taken both the Letter attd the Draiig^ 
of thfr Anfvjtr into oiu: fetiou^ Confiderattoia ; 
and, with the Honourable Houfes^ do. In. ^;p 
Name of the Parliament of Scttlandt from ow 
Hearts pray and defire, according to- our former 
Wilhe$ and Endeavours, th^t ^fafe wi. w&Ur 
grounded P«« may be fettled in his Majefty'j 
DominioBS ; which we are apt Co cgiKclvc diav , 
now, by the Btei&ng of God, be braugljt t9 VW* ■ 
when both his Majefty hath made the Motion on 
one Hand, and the HooourahJo Hot»fes. qf paf- 
liamcnc have relblved and agj-ocd tofexul inpiB- 
lions and BllU to his M^cfty* on the Qtb^t^ foj: 
the fame [Duch-defkrcd End. 

* Only, according to our Intereft and AffeAion* 
and in Relation to fo great a Happinefs, we do 
exprefs our Senfe concerning fom^ Particidfr^ \fx. 
the Anfvier : 

* FirJ, If that it mayfeem good to Ow Will©* , 
bf the,. Honourable Houfes, inftead ,^f jhefe 
Words', And Jhould bave' acaanted it a grdaf'Mapj 
pinifs !fjourM(yift/stAHhns bad been anjivtrahlfy ^ 
that the Expreffion might run thus, Andjballqe- 
eount ii'a great Happintft that your Maj^y's Ac- 
tions b* emf-iuerahU. ^ , ^ 

* Ntxt^ Concerning that Part of 'iii'A^p^ 
which fcemeth to bar ^1 further Tuaty^ we «- j 
ifcr ourfelves to our Tafer of the 14th of Auguft'y ^ 
wherein we declared ourfcjvea mofl: wjUing, tnaf ^ 
not only the three main PropoJkioTu debate'd at 
Vxbridge^ but alfo all or any of the other Frop^ 
titns oi Peace, already agreed upon \xy thcjaint 
Coitfent of' both -Kingopms, whichj upon mu- 
, , . . • tual 


V E N G L Jl N D. jgg 

:*■ tual DsbaK, flioutd be adjudged naxSuy, flwulil *>• >i Cm.u 
•■ be fent, with a Defire of a pofitive Anfutr with- . t**** , « 

* out any Tr^a/y ; but, witha], did fiiew, that if t^-\^^ 

* vtjixvi Prapojttiaiii of /'^^fi;, or any material Ad- 

*, or Alientittns of, the former /"r^^i^t^ 

* ums wne to be fent, in .that Cafe we were nccaf- 
^ fttated to.&nd tbem to the Kingdom of Seil/and, 

* to be there confidered aod a[^>rov«(i { as is more 
-f fillet confined in that our Pafrr, which we de- 

* fire may be txlten into Confideration at thif 
■*■ Tinie ^ and this is all that is in our Power, or. can 

* be expeded from us, in Matters ,of fo g.r^at Im- 

* portahce as cannot be determined without the 
■' KUticularKnowledgeandexprefsConfents ofthe 
*f. Parhamearts Af boSi Klagdoms> united by fo 
■* neaxy- SdnAt of Covenant of doing and fuflaining; 

* in this comnion.Caidc. 

To the Point of denying the Safe-Condu<a ; the . 
*■ HoiileS haviitg dedafefl th«ir Opinion,- w« dd ' 
■*-^ie«^- And .eartieftly do defire that, without 
*. 'Q^y, the PrapoJkiakSf already aereed upon, 

* may he fiinf to hia Majefty, for a poStive Atifii)er% 
*. but ifany of tfaem be alto'ed, or any other mate- 

* hal Diffdjencebeinteaded, which may lay aNe- 

* ceiityvpon OS of folding Cbemto the Pailiament 
f of SatianJ, fo be there cpnfidered and returned 

* hither with their Set^ ; and fo the Winter, the 
.' fitteft Seafon for a Treaty, fpcnt in Debates upon 

. • new PropofitittUy the pr^nt Opportunity loft, ' 

* OctaficHi pv^a to .our Enemies to . ufa the 

* more Art and Induftry for bringing in fo- 

* reign Foroea, when they appr^end, by -our Oe-> i 
' lays, tbar Motion of piats not to be entertarn-. 

*. e4, (iieiidfis many otb^ Incopveniences weJL 
'. knowntdthe HonoLtribl^Houfes, and fdf by alL 
Mbe three -Kiagdemt, ,wbJ{:h,-Kx:ompaity ppr jire-. 
'-ientDSftrat^tttiid) the..C<^H^_^L5^iajice 9r ^.Inpr^afc-, 

* lOf'/tha vooilbon Miferies, through not fettling of. 
,*. ja.UlpfDp Btttcij, catUiot be .imputed to us.;, who 
5 '4avfftnac clea&d.coiift4nt!y"to exprefs the fending- 

* the:iV^^fV')«'agKed Mppn by both Kingdoms,, 
f ever'fiiwefchezoSi-Qf 7(«^ laftj have uftd our. 


7& PerUammtmy H i s T o R v 

' beft Endeavours, upon all Occafioiu, with the- 

* Honourable Houfcs, from Time to Time ; and 

* have left no good Ways or Means,in our Power, 
*■ uneflay'd, which might deliver dicfe Kingdoms 
' out of their Trouble and Sufierings, and fettle 
*■ them in a hlefled Ptact : It is therefore our eamcft 

* Dcfire, That the prefent Oppflitunity of Pacili- 

* cation be improved, unto which wc aic ready to 

* join our utmaft Endeavours, waiting fioc the 

* SucceTs from the fileffing of God. 

By Command tftht Cmamffieiuri-faf the Parlia- 
punt of Scotland. 


Det. i6. The following InftniAioni for die 
Committee, who were to refide in the Sots Aimy 
before Nnuark, were read and^ agreed to. 

Instructions far John. Earl a/ Ruthnd^ 
Theophilus Earl af Lincoln, Frvicii Lard Wil- 
loughby af Parham, Edward Lard Mont^;iie( 
Mimbers af the Haifi af Ptert ; William Piere- 
point, Ejquire, Sir William Armyn, Barantt, 
Sir Arthur Hefclrig, Bart. Sir Edward Afcough, 
S(>ChriftophcrWray,S/r Anthony Irby,JtiB|fiM», 
Thomai Hatcher W William Eilys, Efyuirti^ 
Mmbert aftha Haufe af Cmmant. 

5!fS.«~n^ ' "IX/HEREAS by fcvcral Trw/wr, agreed be- . 
«f both^^ra ' twccn the two Kingdoms, diver* Things 

•rpoiiiicdto r«- • are to be perfonned and done, by the joint Ad- 
A^w'w^' *" vice of both Kingdoms, or their Committees 
Niwuk. ' thereunto authorized, which cannot be fo vrell 

* tninfai^dbut bythofe upon the Place: You, or 

* any three of y^u, whereof one Peer, and 

* two Members of ihe Houfe of CcHnmons, always 
' to be prefent, have hereby full Power and Auriio- 

* rity given you, to go to the ScaU Army now ki 
*'Engkittd; and to advife, debate, and amdude, 

* with our Brethren of Seetland,' or fuch U fluUIbe 

* authorized by them, thereunto J and, byjorntAd-- 

* vice with them, to put in Execution . all fueh 

' Matters 


■ e? EN GLAND. 157 

* Matten iad Things, concerning the' well Or- iU> at dat L 
. * iering, Dire^ng, and Difpofcl of the Foicei . '***• , 

* brou^t in uid employed by them for our Affift> n»e«S». 
.* vice, as Ihall be found requifite, tnd needful^ 

* from Time to Time, for the Profecution of this 

* Ciule, and the Ends exprefted in the Cevaiatit : 

* And have herdtf foil Power and Autboritjr to 

* order, difpofey and direA the faid Army, accont 

* ing to the Articles of the Trtety. 

* You fliall do your utmoft Endeavour, that the 

* Enemy be vigoroufly profecuted, and all Adnuit* 

* ages taken for the fpeedy ending of diis War. . 

* You {hall take fpecial Care for the reducing 

* t^ Ninuari, and chat the Forces do quarter as 

* near thereunto as may be. 

* You are to do your atmoft Endeavours, for the 

* Continuaoce of a good Correfpondence betweek 

* the two Kingdcnns, and their Forces. 

* You are to acquunt them with the great 

* Stre^jhts we are in, for Want of Money ; and, 

* diat whacfoever failing of Payments (according 

* to the Treaty) have been from hence, hare not 

* proceeded from any Want of Affe£tion or Inten- 

* tion to make good our Engagements. 

* You are to acquaint them, That a monthly 

* Afieflment is made for Maintenance of ^eir 
' Army ; and that Care is taken for the fpeedy 

* Payment thereof. 

< You are to take Care, that, from Time to 

* Tune, exa^ Mufters be NJcm, by fuch as you 

* ihall appoint, of all the Forces, both Horfe and 

* Foot, and Ttaui of Artillery, now under the 

* Command of the General the Earl o£ LtvtMi 

* which you Ihall, from Time to Time, certify to 

* both Houfes of Parliament. 

* That there be no Want of Provifions, anl 

* other KcceSaries, for the Armies, you arc hereby 

* authorized to fend Warrants, under the Hands 

* of you, or any three of you, as aforetiud, 

* unto the Counties of Tori, Lincalit, Ntltinghamt 

* Derbyy Liiietftery Rutland, Narthampttn, Catn- 

* h-idgtf and the Ifle of Efy, or any other Counties 

J * adjacent, 

r..„ .,Gt)t)gle. 

adjacent, as you ftall think fitjfortheAiitiifl^|t 

Pixwifions, and othu Ncwfl^nes^ far fh« Aniky\ 

Afid you Bre to call bo your AffiflanoB, and' to 

,* niame and anthoctfe, fuch Gcntleinui and others', 

* 4(1 the afoiefaiil Couode^, at you QuJI'thii^ (if, 
f to bcSui^Committees, for the better pualnj thi^ 
f . JnftniMttH in due Exccutbil: And the'£dc{CoiTi'- 
■/nitteea iatbelaid feveCal Counticiafeheiebyrc^ 

* quired to be, irom Time to Time, iiditig and 
■•afiftlni to yi«i herein. - ^'^ - 

* You are to eadKavourj diat dl Pfovifions, or 

* atlKF ''NeceCiries, provided by yonr Coie, be fit 
-■-loidfiDed, that Ac^u«t may be made of whit is 
^ taken i/and thattiie &id nuiiifionf n^ be di^ 

* counted, upon the Ray i^f die^faid ArwO^, at alfb 
■* vriiBtfoorer Prortfions liave or flolkfae taken', bv 
if tiie &rti 'Farces, cichar by Tickat or sillUKfi 

* Your are to take Care, tJuX tiicre be m IHin'- 
** deriikg, ftobbingr :or5i)oiitiig of the Countries 

* where dM fald Annies Stall be : And tint equA 
-* [fuftice be dontt between tfari Anuy nut th& 
.1* .People. - 

* Voti:an:totake Care, that Jio fVoteOiaii bbr 

* granted to any Dditu^uent, ooatEaty ttotbe Ot- 
■' Si'jUBtr*/ of Parliament. 

* Y«u are further .to.takelCare,lhstitho icrettl 

* Or<^/ntf>ic»beputin^ue.Elxecutivn.agaifi&.i'tnift» 
' and Delinquents, notwithftanding any Protionidtt 

"*■ whatlbeverJ ' , ' 

' You are to acquaint Wth Houfe of your Vni* 
■^ ceedings, from Time to Time; mA to oUerve 
-* thcleiS/?rw^9sij and iuch farther IXrefUons and 
.-* IndYu£lions as ycu fliaU hEScaltcr jcosive GtoOt 
■*■ bocb Moufes of Psrliaaiaiit/ 

'Farther lusr^vcTiotH for ^thn Eari if fiKit' 

* 'y ^^' °^ ^^y three or more of -yoji, wber*-' 
,• ■■ of there is oo J>e enc Peer &na -two Aienl- 

* bcTs of the Houle ,of Commons always prefentf 


V .- ,,»/■ E IN -G i, A ,N a tfy 

. * .2iaf a .boxbjr SiH i'owcr and Authori^ to otAer, *»>■%% OMV 

• ~^\dtre(a.all the ^ilsfi forces that are, o( Oiill . '*«• . 

*.b^^Mnp(>rithe>reducingof A&ttwri.wthat "JjJIUSJr 
*.4nf;,(9r.liereidtEr-itull be,-eau>laycd to joia witb> 
*,w;iiaalS&iiiptOithcJc<;f.Ann7. Awldiejr arci 
' .fi!Offi. Titpfi tp Tim?,." g'« OMienoeto fuch 

* jQ^i%wd',Ci»iuawMls » tb^.llull upsCH* &Qia 

• .£t<c.^7. The King having jvt-RceivoL 410^- 
*.,^pA- to He U& Jfegigty thougbc to -Ucoai it 
.* mtb^amotlwr,;. wl^icE.was'ddtveredtotlicXoiids, 

JEoi t)(C &«<#AJLZS. of ^c ,Houfe \(f Fk^ai 
pre Temfre. 

-CtTAKLEi :R. 
yy/ S M^efiy cmntt but extrtmtly wtnJtr that Aootlitr Md** 

,l)[w i^uitJV''/^ GailiniiiUfa ff'tbit tmuaarsl Jftir i 
jjflw [Mo^.gr^ ■«'f4' fi «ft rtpttted Pritf^atii»s^ 

^phat iht feifmg •^ <ii/S j/»>u bath bem ntfy 
^fir 44' fu^ffitrj DepKt tf Gad's tput Religim^ 
'Ml Jk^^'i JUmur^ Saf^ 4huI Profprrity, tht 
^Smtf^ iptmfin, md .Seearitf of bis PtofUy you 
,<Jbt)d4-A^ a S^-Cuids4ii ta tkt Ptrfons meritniud 

m-bh.Mmfii'^ MelSg? ^ tht ^tb of ibis iTtfloM 

. gO&Of/KS ^r a ffift ^tsd well-gntmdtd Peace: -A 
Thing fofarfrtm having httn at any Timedtnitd 

'^iy' Hs id^tfiyt vfbfttfiwtr ytu havr ^iffired the 

,Jmfi^ tiat be btiinu it hath been ftldtmj if tver^ 
■ , re^ed-iti^f^fi tht vwfl avmud and proff/Jed Em~ 

. min, muth Ufi by Suhjiils t» their Kiifg. But bit 
Majefiy is reftlvtd that na DifcBuragemtnts vdiatp-^ 
■evtr Jball makt him fail tn hit P'^ty of doing bis 
Mtmft put an End la thtfe Qalam- 

. tits^ whichy ff nat in Ttme privenied, ■ mu/l prove 
tit Ruin ef . ibis unha^ Nation ; tmd tbtrefart ■ 


•Xv.tiCM.f.' 'isth m&c again defire, Thai a Sife-Cendua m^'6e 
^ ''*'! . - . ; f^hivith fait fir thoft Ptrfons' tKprtjftd m h!r 
TtJMUnltni 'foffir Meffage '. jind doth thirtfert cai^itrt-yeu,- 
as you wiB enjvier to Almighty Gad in that Hayv/BtH 
• hejbalimaie Inquifitien for all the BtaaM thqltnth and 
*'mayjii be f^ilt In thii unnaiuril War, as yaii ien^ 
'■the PreffTijation and 'Eftabliflmmt of the irvt ReH^ioth 
by all the Bends efDuty and AlUgtana U ytitr King^ 
or Cempajfiiin to yeur bleeding and unhappy Cemttry, 
' end ef Charity to yBttrfehies, that you~ &fpoft\yaur 
' Hearts id a true Senfe,' and employ all your FaiAbuf 
in a'more ferieus Endeaviur, together with his' Aia- 
jeftyt to put af^eedf End to theft viafling Divifiens j 
and then _ht /hall tf at doubt but thatGod will yet again 
give the Bleffing of Peace ti 'this ^fira&Ki King- 

Given at our Court at OA/on/ 1^6 15th o£ Da:em-' 
her, 16+5. 

WblclttiHkra* Tfl** Lords ordered^ Aa'Afe^igt to })( commuifi- 
'lotb.c^DiWeri- cated to the Houft of ^ Commons, and 'to the 
JHOTfcL'** S«/j Commiflioners, that an J^fiver -might be 
" ■ fpcedily made to this and the laft JUe/Jage from 

the King; At the fame. Time they received a- 
Mejfage from the Comtnomj that they ■did ad- 
here to the Letter^ former)y. pailed hoth Houf«i3, 
in Aiifwcr to the King's ; and defired that the 
Members of both Houfes, who were of thc'Geiii- 
mittec for the two Kingdoms, ffaouM confer 'yridt 
the Scots Commtfltoners, and ofler them the Rtii- 
fons for adhering to this Anjioer, and leirri fntn 
them any Reafons they ftonld ul^e to the con- 
trary. - • ■".■■■ ■ ' ■ ' . 

Soon after the Commons fi^nt up another Jl^- 
, fige, intimating, That upon reading the King'c 
l^JA Letter^ this Day, they ' perceived itt6 be fo 
much in Subftance witli the former, that to re- 
tard the fending of that jYii/itf^whirfi the Houfes 
have agreed to, will' be much to the Dt&dvan- 
! ta|e of the Parliament : That the Commons had 

reiolved to take the Propofitions for /"iwrtih- 
to Confidecation, dt Dit in Diem ; wd therefore 


9j E N GLAND. - tf^ 

difcfe^ (be.^qij4( « wwliw; thofe whip^i iwm V*»^ cw-t 
already brought vj), ftpd ibey would difpatch the . '^i' ^ 
r^ft as foQO Hf pftftble. AJl which the Lords Di^tftT' 

jD«. 2JI,. TUc Earl of A'l)rt^f|#ffiAr^'(W reported 
div«¥ Paftn froif the -Cpomitt^Wjioth ICing-i < 

dofns, .being the , I^dult of thf ir JJebates and 
Coqfeiqpces with (he Sceti ComniilEpncrs {:oac!emi 
ing the -liB/Wr to .th»i King> IrnVw, AU theftt 
we Oii>lt gtv* in thi: Oi;dqr tbegr JUnd Jn the Lfrdt 

RsAaoNfl fntftntf4 h ^ HtV^trs of hath Hfw/it 
t0 ibi Scots .Qu^i^Htrtg wiy thtre flnultibt 
m Tr^fCy ^ui e^y t^xQ^fijUoiis u h fint '« 
ih. K^- 

X(«flni6«-.17» 16*5., 

' "^HKT yftM^VftSt giTOce«4fr»iM (pay beflTkeEirirf 

* £ coatiiu* tlw Unipn beiliresD the tiro *'""''"'"'>«-, 

* kingdoms. ■':"-....•:., , , ConfcSl« 
* That the twft way *9 MPHej M +e h^fc ajl p^f-- with the Scot* 

* fed without TVofl(n ior thW ^i^ thp /'rfl^i;^> C™«J^^««n. 

* both, thsK would nqt.he ^y , Adif^tage gj.vqtto ftnt to the fot^ 
' divide, by ^rwifj^leg .oae fosgtlpra rqq^re th5">^^^i^ 

* another, as wouW.he «he Cafe by i* tr^^yVihexa fj^ pa,Bi. 

* the J'rt»^WiH,.a»jfci«faIly:t9.lw trowed Hppn, 

* as we Jotutd Hpe« EjeparK!pqe,of„feg^ier fTrfa^w, 

* andiikewifc J»y)lhe./Mtf//ri shfitAHf^ tflen in^r-. 

* c^ted rince tileSrwiJi <>f l/j»^(Wf'» ty whidi it 

* appears, that .(tthflif Thip|^ipHgudiciai to t(io 

* Parliaibsiit, -mare ,dn^ )ptM4ffl| W^cr Qotoiuc 

* xjia^rtafyiiaPtatt. ■,■;.' 

Stht Scot* OBfmigit»*f.t tItWT AflswpR, . 

* '" by *b«, - Mfprfwr* /Of ^ flonoHrshlp 
< Jfoufes, why there ihould be no 7r#0/y about 

Vol. XIV. 1. * any 


1 62 7^ Parliamentary HiSTokY 

.. jiOi.I. f any Propofttions-to be fent tiwo the' King's ftJa- 

'^i'- , * jeftv, and do return this jfnfwer : 
Deteiict ' ^''^* w^ cto nor prefa a 'treaty upon the i*rs- 

' pafitions debated at Vxbridge, or upon any other 

* Propofiiims formerly agreed upon by. the Par- 

* lianients of both Kingdoms ; but we are moft 
' willing, aijdeameitlydefire, that thofe Pr9poJi~ 
*' tions may be fpcedily feoffor a pofitive An- 

* fwer^ without any Treaty ; only, if the Ho- 

* nourable Houfc^ mall make any material Altera- 

* tions of, or Additions unto^ the former i'ro- , 

* Pofttians, they will, in their Wifdom, confider 

* of us as of their .owji Commillioners in the like 

* Exigence ; that fmce thefe are not in our Power, 

* \Pe cannot chufe but fend them unto the Parlia- 

* ment of ScBth/tdf as we have exprelfed in our 
' former Papers, ; lb that, as we conceLre, there 
' needeth no 0ebate whether it be expedient 

* (fcr picferving the happy Uiuon of the two 

* Kingdoms, Vhich fhall ev«r be among the 

■ * chiefeft of our Defires ; and upon the £xpe- 
' ' * ricmfe (rf' die bad" Succefs of former Triathst 

. ...'... * which hath been the GauTc of many Mite- 

.' ries to all the three Kingdoms) that there be. a 

■' ".' ' * Treaty at diis Tiiftc j but (f it be not necefikry 

, . ^ * to fend Hi^ Pfopa/kiom oi Peact^ already agreed 

■ . ■. ■■'■ upon,'forsfprtfent .</«^ff-,-without any Treaty: 

^ THis;^ we ctindtiVe to bft'^moft conduciblc, 

* both^ty reafbii' of 'the prefent'-Seafonv which 

* isnottfy hc^ieglefted, ahd-becaafc-of his Ma- 
*-jefty's DefiTCS, importunately^ renewed in his fe- 
''cond Letter ^ •t)ie isth Inftant : Thar w|jl ir 
^--fboner api^r 'what -may fee" eHpefiediby btuh 

* Kingdoms, which will b« »'6nuiin4"Of ^joint 

* Refolution of fettling of a firm Peace, or a vigo- 

* rons Prcifecutian oi the l$^ar .-.Whereas CoqAiI- 

* tation about, new- /*r9^e^wJH, which cannot be 

* direfted to his Majefty before they be firft fent 

* into'5f0riTn</,. will certainly preve the Lois of the* 

* prefent Oppbi^ut^ity, and Eiayh^ an Inlet t6 fucU 

•■ -■■ '■■•- *Ei*il3 


./ENGLAND. 163 

' Er^s as our. Enemies, in their Crat't and Malice Ad.iiCw.l 
* arcprojeiling againft us. . '°*^' 

By Conimiid if tb* Commifiotttrs for tht Parlia- jt^et^bet. 
fn«»r 0/ Scotland, 


[Though tb^ Iroroduithn and-Cotulufmi of the follno- 
ing Paper maki it, atfrft Fiiw,ftetn to be a Du- 
plicate of the foregoing ; yet the Dijpute between 
the Pafiiniiunt aad the Scota Cemmjffgners ehout 
the Vartmion ofjome Expreffieks, render it neetffarj 
topriitl bothi, aswiil appedt intht Se^iu/.] 

December 19, 1645. 

* "SJ^ E Have confidered the Reafons prefented by 

* "' the Members of the Honourable Houfes, 
' why there (h^iild be no Treaty about any Propo- 

* Jitims to be fent to the King's Majeft^, and do 

* return this !;ifo/Wr .- 

• That we dd' not prcfs a Treqty upon the Pro- 

* pof lions debited at Uxbridge, or upon any other 

* Propofttiom formerly agreed upon by, the Parlia^ 
' mentfi of both Kingdoms ; but are willing.that 

* it be exprcfled \n the Anfwer to the King's Leftet', 

* That thofe P'ripopions arc to be fent to -his Ma- 

* jcfty from both Kingdoms for a pofitive Anftvef, 
' without any Treaty ; But if the Honourable 
^ Houies {bould m^ce any Alteration of^ or Addi- 

* tion to,' ibe-foroier Propojitions, we have nG 

* Power to 'declare that there (hall be no Treaty 
*■ upon theni, or to confent that fo much be expre^ 

* fed in the .^fj/ovr to his Majefty. 

* We fhalf not need to make any other Reply to 
' the Reafons dcllvared to us ; only we conceive^ 

* that the fending' of die Propojitions, already agreed 

* n'pon by the Parliaments of both Kingdoms, fot 

* a pofitive .^fwer, will be a Means of preferving 

* the happy Union of the two Kingdoms, and of 

* obt^ning a more fpeedy jfnfwer, than if new 
•* Prepofihom ffiould be fent ; and therefoie we de- 
•.lire that the, former Propofttiom may be refolved 

* upon to b« fent with convenient Speed, both by 
-■ • ■ ' L 2 * reafoa 


164 The Pat-JiahKniofy HiSTdxr 

iiii.«iCi».t. • Reafonofthe-prefcnt Serfonj "ti-hMiiShOt tobt 
V— '^j' , * neglefled, and becaufe of his Majtfty's Ddwes, 
D««^b*r * '^ importunatcfy reirewtd in his focBWd Ltltfr rf 

* the 15th of this Ihftant. *rhus k will foon ap- 
•pear what ftily be bxpe£led by both KingdoniSt 

* which may be a Ground of their joint Refolutioa 

* for feeing a £hn Ptatt, dt a vieetotA Pcofecuj- 

* tion of the ff^ar: Whereas Confultations about 

* new Prtpefilianr, which cannot be ^ireded to 

* his Maj^ before they be firft feat )!aia:Siotiand^ 

* will prove cemialy the Xiofa of the ptvfetit Op- 

* portunity^ ond.inay be an Ii^et to fuch Evils 2» 

* oui Enemies, in their Craft and Bilalke, aie pro- 

* jefling againft us- 

' By GnmtmdofAe CoMmffiiUan pr At PnrUa'- 
mext (/'ScoUaiod. ' 


Tit Reply of Ot Engliflt Cmm0mtTs m tbt 
AssviRS fkm$. in if sh^t e/'Scotland. 

Decemher 19, 164J. 

* I N Parfuance of as Order of both Houlcs of 

* ' Parliament of the t6tb Inftant, a Copy o£ 
.* ^ich. was delivered to your Lord&ips, wc-dld- 

* communicate their Refblution to adhere to theii 

* Anfviir Va ,theKin£'s Letter i -Andbyoai: Paper 
* '^'tbe I7th Inftattt, have ac^u^nied jrour Lord- 
.' ^ftiips %vith tome Reafo^swhy there, ,uiou]<l. be ,n» 
.' Treaty uponany frbp^fitiems, whict^ by the joint 
■,^dvice of both. Kingdoms, ^uillDe lent to his 

* Majeftyt which Reafbns we thoiu^t fit-to tehdee 
' to yotir Ix>rdlhips as Heacjs to^onfer fgof^ and 

* as the mof^ material ThiBg in Diffet;^nce between 

* the Houfes' and your Lordships, . ifdiereby the 

* lending of that Letter, which' botli Houfes bad 
, ;* refolved to be Tent to the King, hath betnbitber;- 

'.* to retarded: And having (een ypiu LoriMiips. 

* Papfr Ycftcrday, and heard the Debate- therB- 
.* uponhad, in Di&hai^cof thc-Comm^lndsofbodt 

* Houfes, we do further offer unto your I^dfliips 

* u follow : 


»/ E N G LAN D. 1^5 

* We do obfervc that what is givtnin .i/v/w^An. siCu. T. 
' in your Pafer, why there fllould be no Treaty '** !• 

* upon any Projiajjthni, dot^ fcew that the Prapafi- hl^*^ 
' tionsy which were fent to be treated upon at Ux- 

* hridgty Ihouid, for the Reafons therein contained. 

* be n^ow again fent without any material Alterl- 

* tion or Addition ; whereas the Bufinefs in De^ 
' bate, of the Later \vhereto your Concurience 

* was defired, is only on the Manner how any 

* PropofitioBs, either thofe formerly fent to Ux- 

* bridgf, or any other that are firft to be agrcctj 
' upon by both Kingdoms, are to be fent unto his 

* Majefty and infifted upon, without any tre^iy^ 

* for obtaining a fafc arid wjell-groundedPM«. T(j 

* this we find no Anjvitr given in that Pafer ; but 

* yoiff IiQrdQiip dgi alledge, "ThmyQ^ Cfiif net fend atg 

* »«*r PropofiopnSj ntr ^fe prnfsrlj fiat, with am 

* ntateri^l Jlleratunf a/- jfaditions j in neither of 

* which the Houfes Jiave prefled your Lordihips : 

* And having already made it appear to your Lord^ 

* j}npst diM the fending Pnpsfiions, without 

* Trtgty^ wiil be g. better Means to continue (he 

* Union and and gqod Underftanding between bptK 
' '^wigdpins, and of preventing Inconveniences^ 
' 3» by pur faid faper appears ; and confidering 

* alfp, that yant Lordfhips have thought tit that the 

* Proportions formerly fent to UxhridgCy Ihould now , 

* again he fent for a pofitive Anfiuer to be given 

* WtP theip, without ^ay Treaty ; wc conceive 

* that, if ^y further Propojaioni fliallbe thought fit 

* to b.e fent, or ^ny material Alterations or Addi- 
. * .tii^ made in th^fe, when they {hall »Ub be 

* agreed on by both Kingdoms, tVy Piould, for 

* tpe fame J^cafqn, be fpnt for a politive Anjwer^ 

* jvitbqut Triaty. 

* ^pd in regard yofir Lordfhips cannot but 

* dearly 4ppcehend, by t^e Del^ate thereupon had^ 

* .the gW3t Jncoflveniences that would follow, if 
. * the lioufes ftould now depart from that Refolii- 

* MQn, whjch they h^vc fo long fince taken ; arid 
-* which, by the intercepted Letten communicated 
*• to your LorHiips^ they fee jreater Caufe to aJ- 

t 3 Micie 

r..„., ^,GtK)^le 

i66 . The Parliamentary History 

n.iiCu.l. \ here to, and which cannot but 'be interpreted as a 

. '^*5' . * VVillingnefs to enter again into Trtaty with his 

p '. \ Majelly, which hath been found to be fo deftruc- 

' tive ; your Lordfhips might be fatisfied that th« 

* Houfes have Reafon to believe that you woi>ld 

* concur in this of fo great Confequence to the 
f Good of both Kingdoms ; and the jather, for 
'" your Lorilfliips frequent Defirc of the fpeedy 

* fending Propojhiens, which your Lord (hips know 
' have boen fo long in Debate in both Houfes of 

* Parliament. 

' And whereae your Lordlhipi did the la{{ Nighty 

* defire to give another Paper, of the fame Senfe 

* with the former, we have this Morning received 

* a Paper from your Lordfbtps, wherein you da 

* exprefs. That yo» , have no Pewer to declare that 
' there fitall be no Treaty upon any ether Propofttioas 

* than ihofi formerly fent to Uxbri^gc, nor upon them 

* with any Alteration or Addition ; or to confent that 

* fo much be txprejfed In the Anfwer to his Mi^efty. 

.' To this, which we never knew tefore this 

* Morning, we can give no further Anfiver till wc 
. ' have acquainted the Houfes therewith ; but con- 

* fidering the great Inconveniency your Lordfhips 

* do alledge will enfue, by Delay or fending Pro- 
' pofitietts and a prefent Anfwer to his Majefty ; 

* and for that the Inconveniences are made lb 

* manifeft to your Lordihips, of fending in aay 

* other Way than we have formerly expreffed ; 

* and for that the Reafons to fend any PropaJHiens^ 

* wichout^a Tr/o/j', arc the fame for any other Pro- 

* pofiiiens as for thofe fent to Uxiridge ; and for 
' that your Lordllhips were, above hve Months 

* Tince, made acquainted with the Refelutiont of 
f both Houfes to fend Propofttioni without a Treaty ^ 

* and alfo for that your Lordfhips did, upon th« 

* firft Refotutitn of the Houfes to fend this L«- ■ 

* ter, defire to confer with us concerning the 
, ' fame, and did not declare any Want of Power : 

^ we therefore defire your Lordfhips to take into 
» your further COflitdefation, howf this Letter^ of 


v «f E N G L A N D. 167 

*.[o gMUt ImporundCf refolved u^n by both ^.•iCu.l. 

* Houfes, may fpcedily, with your Confent, go to '^^ ^ 
' his Majefiy. 

* An4 as to the Alteration which your Lordlbips 

* delire, viz. to have thcfc Words, Andfixutldhavi 

* acnuntedft a gnat Hepfintfs if your Majeftfi 
*: A&Um had bttB aidwerabUyioiua thus, And ^11 
' account it a great Hafpintp thit your Majefty'i Ac- 

* lioHJ he anfwerable, we dcfire it may continue 
' aa the Houfes have refohied, to the End it may 
' look as weJI to the Tijne paiTed as that to come.' 

'7^ Rejoinder ef the Scots Cemmiffionert to the 
KiPLY /rem the/e d/" England. 

Dee. 20, 1645. 

* T T ** O N the Tenth of this Inftant your 

* v./ Lordlhips did commuaicate unto us the 

* King's Letter of the Fifth, together with the 

* Anfuitr of both Houfes, wherein we found our- 

* felves included, as confenting to that which had 

* not been fomuch as offered to ourConfideration; 

* whereas, on all former Occafions, upon Matters 

* of the like Nature, it hath been the conftant 

* Prance of the Houfes to crave our Advice, and* 

* on mutual Conference and Debate, to agree in 

* one joint Refolution ; and your Lordlhips know 

* the Matters contained in the Anfiver to be of 

* great Importance themfelves, and of near Con- 
.* cernment to the Kingdom of 5m(/a»J; yet at this 

* Time, upon what Confide rations wc kjiow not, 
■^ the Honourable Houfes have rcfblved upon an 

* AHJwer without acquainting us, and have voted 
^ us Confenters to thofe Things wherein we have 

,* n9 Power to agree \ and atter we had, in our 
.* Paper of the 12th of this Inftant, declared our 
.1 .Diflent in fome Particulars, have refolved toad- 

* here to their Anfvjer^ which aiEnns us to have 
*^iven our Confenl to thofe Particulars} and 
* -jBherefore that the fending an Anfiuer to the King.'s 

jV-ifWer iaiciarded, doth appear to proceed from 

*!.th« lirft Step' anJ Entrance into the Bufinefs, 

L 4 * when 

^,Gt)tH^le ■ 

f^ 5<Sf Parttamnlary rtlstOBV 

wheii jbat J^fww was revival Upon wiftiaut »J 
Advke ; smd not from us, as youf LonMhip$ 
Pa^er leems' to infinuate, who prefehtod wi( 
Thoughrt (h«eupdn to your Lordfeip* up«n the 
I4th ^thJs Inftant} to which *fehatf no R«urri 
till the i^th, whert your IxHUftitps tertdertd trf 
u6 fome Reafmi, whereurito wt tn^zAnfiver op- 
en the iSth ; and hiving received yohr Lordflttpd 
Reply of (he i^th, Yefterdey irt «h« Aftefftoon, 
we do (his Mottling return oar Anfwff. 
» We defire it may b« feridufly confidcred Iiot# 
prejudicial it would prove to the Intereft of the 
Kingdom of Scstlantt, Thlt th* Houfts of Par- 
liament ftiould refolve upon Matters of this Na- 
ture and Consequence, without acquainting the 
Parliainent 6f ScelUnd, or their Commiffioners ; 
and when fdch Refoluirohs axt tAta^ t6 make 
it an Argument for the King'dotn of Statlmi td 
gire their Confent, htcauft the Houfis itrt mge^eJ^ 
and cannet witbeut Jncortveniency depart frirm their 
Refolutiom ; as was Yeficrday dehatcd at the 
Conference, and is again Jntimattfd unto us in 
your Lordfliips Paper, 

' Ours of the i8th did contain net only an /f»- 
fvjtr toyour Lordfbips Reafmi why there fliould 
be no Treaty upon any PrepofitioHs to be Tent to 
the King, butalfoto propound to your Lordlhip's 
what we conceiyc to be the State of the Quef- 
tion, Whether it were not nccef&ry to fend the 
Prepajiiuns of Peacty agreed upon by riie Parlia- 
ments of both Kingdoms, for a pofirive Ai^mery 
without any treaty ; and as we have conliantlir 
preffed this ever fince the ioth of June \i&, fd, 
upon this Occalton, we thought very feafonabre 
for us to mdve, That it might be -exprdT^, ih 
the Anfiver to the King's Lmtrs, to be the Refo- 
lutions of both Kingdoms to fend thefe Pr«poJi^ 
thru for a poiitive Anjhxr, without any Treaty, 
• As to the State of the Queftioh, as it *rsU 
propounded by your Lordfllips, we gave thit 
which we conceived to be. a /eftl Anfwtr % wfiicH 


•/•ENGLAND. ifl^ 

* *aBt That ivr MfMt Pwoer u find aiiy Propafi- Aa. m Ou. A 

* vKiti^ Hutterialiy diff'trira frinf thdt agreed upait *** ^' 

* "bettmn the Kir^donts, tuithaml at^amting the Par' - jv 

* Rtrmefa of ScotlHn^ Md Yettiving ibar Direifism 

* Ae^eik ; and, in K^iom^ it cahaot be cxpe£teil 

* it fhtwM Iw IH ^ Power of aiiy CbininilEiMters 

* ofPartiament, (as tb« Koufcs of Partiamciit tna^ 
■ judge, whedter they wouM be willing tognnt 

* Power to their own Cotnmiffionflra, is tlic like 
' Ex^cnce) to deterrnine abfelutely that there 

* ihouM be no Treaty upon any Prefrffitiansto be 

* fent to the King ; and to limit thole that intnift- 

* ed them in lyings of f« great Contequencc, con- 

* eerning the Manner, before tbey were acquainted 

* and had agreed updn the Matter of the Prtpcfi- 
' liens, which, in its o^n Nature, ought to pre- 

* ttde : And filrther, we Jrcdy and clearly told 
< your Lordfliips at the Ctmference, Jiat uw had 
' na Power ta declare that there flxiidd he no Treaty, 

* a^s* any Propositions ntaleriaify different from lf)ofe 

* agreed upon betzvetn the Kingtiems, or to anfnrt that 

* there Jhauld be any fuch Exfreffian in the Anfwcr 

* to the King's Letter ; apd therefore we utxkr- 
' ftand not upon whatGround yourLordfbips could 
*' fay, in your Paper of the igth. That yon never 
** knno hfore thai Meting, unlds it be meant that 
■* il was not, in Ttrminis, exprefied in Writing ; and 
' your I^rdlhips may remember this was the Rea- 

* (on why we defired to amend fome Exprcffions in 

* Our Pafer^ which your Lord&ipB conceived m 

* be more clearly delivered at our Conference: 

* And when your Lordlhips had, upon the iSth art 

* Night, returned to uc the Origimtl Pir/vr deti- 

* vered in by us that Afternoon, we did ion cx- 
' peft that your Lordfliips, in yours aS the 19th, 

* would have made Anfwer to that Pttper^ tat 

* Only to oar other Paftr^ wherein we ocpreued 

* ourMves more fully to your Lordflups S^s^- 

* tion : And if your Lordihips will be pleafed to 
' \xxft again upon our Papers, there will be jie- 

* thitig f(>uad ^tlleffl which may.giveai^ Ground 


1%e . Tartiamen^ryj H 1 5 T o, r v 
■ to apprehend that your Lc^d^hips have' ma^tt 

* appear'to us, that ^he fejldiHg Prepo/hunj, with- 

* out a Treaty, will be a better Means to contiiuie 
' the Union and good Unc)ei:{tan<liiig between t^e 

* Kingdonis, and prev^titig Inconveniences j but, 

* on the other Part, that, wte have no Warrant or 
' Direction from the ParlianSent of Scatiand. 

* The DiiFerence, to u«, fee^ia to be very gceat 

* betwixt the confenting jlq fend fropofitiens, al- 

* ready agreed upon , for a pofitive Anfvjtr, without 

* any Treaty, and the contenting to fend Prafafi- 
' thnsy that arc to be agreed upon, without any 

* Treaty, for the Beafons formerly exprelTed ; for 

* that FrapifiiUns may mugh differ in their Nature, 

* and for that the main and moit material Prepe/i- 

* tionSy of thcfe formerly agreed upon, have bees 

* dready fully debated and treated upon at Ux' 

* bridge, to which we conceive little or nothing 
' could be added in Debate upon a new Treaty, 

* And whereas your Lordfliips fay. That upon 

* thtfaji Refehtim of the Hoafet ia fend their An- 

* fwer, we dejireda Conference abeut the famt, andJid 

* net declare any Want ^ Power, your LordOiips 

* may be plealed to confider, we delivered in two 

* Papers i in the one we made Anfwcr to the 

* Matter contained in the jinfwer of the Houfes to 

* the King's Letter ; in the other we did take £x- . 

* ceptieni to the Manner :, That with the King's 
' Letter, at the fame Time, there was delivered 

* unto us an jinfwer of both Houfes, wherein 

* we were named as Confenters to fonie Par- 

* ticulars to which we could not agree ; and 

* upon this we delired to confer with your Lord- 
' fhips, that we might the more fully exprefs our 

* Scnfe thereof by Conference, than we were wil- 
' ling to do in Writing ; and in the fame Paper 
' we told your Lordfhips, That it ceuid nat have 
' been expeiied from'us that we Jheuld have agreed 

* to thtfe Particulars, if we had beat cmfuhed 

* therein as formerly upon the like Occafiens : And 

* when we were defnous to have fully expr.^lled 
' * ourfeives at that Conference, it wav anfwered 

• b, 

r..„., ^,Gt)t)^lc 

g^ E N G L A N D. 171 

* by your LoFdfhips, That jeu bad m Powtr from An.«»Cir. I. 

* tht Ho^fa^ to confer with ui ; io that we hao not . ■ '**^' . 
' the Oppbrtunity, at that Time, to declare our Duembv. 

' Want of Power. 
■ Thcfe Reafons arvd Grounds, wc truft* ftall 

* give Satjsl^ion concerning our Proceedtnga hi- 
' thcrto in this Bufinefs j and in Arifwer M ytflif 
' Lordfhips Defir^, That we would tate' iitta eitr 

* Conjideralion how an Anfwcr may be fpeedify fent 

* unte his Majtjlf, we make this Overture, That 
' the Honourable Houfes wouM be pleafed to grant 

* Power to your Lordfliips, upon Conference with 
' us, to agree upon a Draught of an Anfwer to be 
' offered to their Con fi deration, that it may not 

* be further retarded. 

By Comntand of the Cmmiffimtrs fir the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


The Answer of the Englifh Comml^ners to tbt 
firtgoing Paper given in Ajr/Ao^yScotland. 

Dee. 20, 1645^ 

' I N Anfwer to your Lordlhips Paper this Day 

' * delivered, we do obferve, 7 hat as to our Re^ 

* fons why there Ihould be no Treaty upon any 
' PropoJhiDnt to be fcnt to his Majefty, by Advice 
' and Confent of both Kingdoms, and to the De- 

* fires of both Houfes that it may be fo exprdTed 
' in their Letter to be fent to the King, your Lord- 

* fliips acknowledge. Thai you have purpefely avoid' 

* ed that Debate, being a Matter wherein you have 

* no Direllions or Warrant from the Parliament of 

* Scotland j unto which, therefore, we fhall not 
*. further xeply. 

* But finding, upon the Pcnifal of the faid 
' Paper, ftveral Mifapprehenfions of the Procced- 

* ingsof thcHoiifes,andofwhat wcoffered to your 

* Lordfhips in our laft Paper^ we are neceffitated to ' 
' mak^ this funher Reply for the clearing thefoof. 


r..„., ^,Gt)t)^,le 

rjz The ■PaHiatneJitary History 

>i><^<r. ' YouF Lonifiups cgRceive yourlelvas included 
'***' ^ * W'tbc M/faluthns of both Hsufcs, and vtttd aa 

* Copfenters tp thofc Things not offered to yout 

* Conftderation j whereas the f^etes of the Uoufes 

* Wtrebut iaonier to yourLordfiiips Concurrence, 

* whidLwas the ufual PraiSice of both Houies to 
*■ tile Kingi and ofeach.Hpureto th^ other, with* 

* eutasyfuch Interpretation. 
' And whereas your Lordfliips dcfiie lis feriou^jr 

* to cqnfider bev prijudicial it wwld prav^ to th» 

* Inttreft tftht KiagdataefScotitud, that the Heafn 

* vf Parlitttmni Jbeuld ufaht upm Matttrt af this 
' N^tur* md Csi^fuentt, Kithaui tuquauifittg tht 

* Parliamtni tf Scotland or their Qimmil^Hers^ 

* We defire it might be rightly undecfUud by your 
' Lordfliips, thati aJtbough the Houfes have fcHne 

* Times conferred with your Lordlhips before 
•their Rffalutiev, yet they always had, and have, 

* the Liberty, in Bufmefs of this Nature, to make 

* their lUfiLtitm within thetxirelves, in order t» 

* your Lordfliips Concurrence, before the fame 

* was imparted to your LordOiips ; and llnce your 

* i/>rdfhipc conceive this fo much to concern the 
-* Kingdom of Sctt^nidt the Hoi;re5 have thf ivirc 
•* Bealon, ^ th«r Pjw^ice, to ailert this their un>- 

* qucftionaMe Right. 

* And as to your Lordfhips Allegation, That 

* Ae Refblutions being taken alrtadj by ta ere urged 

* et an jirgumeni fir the Kingdam gf Scotland ta 

* give their Conftntf becaufe the Haufis are engagei, 

* aBdtantittf witbeut iHOenwiience, depart f ram they" 

* ReJiUaiens ; the Reafons in our Paper and D^ 

* bate, were prellied rather front the Nature and 

* ^oo^Oy of the Thing refehfd, tlian from the 

* Refelutians themfelves. 

* And we do fl9t conceive why your Lordfhips 

* do ftate the Q^eftion upon the Matter <^ Prtpofi- 

* Am/, wb«eof there is no Mention in the Litter'y 
■ * aofl not on the Mpnner of lending them, which 

* TUtngJQ Pcbatej por why your Lordr 

* fhips do alledge feveral Keafons of fo great Dtf- 
•^ defence betwixt fending the former Propofilism- 

* for 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

V ;^ E I N G L A N D. : 373 

> &lra pofitiw* Jf/fD^ tridMHt Tfntft»niTiOt'*it.tiCtt.1. 
■ aAf D^lezQ vimn u no Pr«p^imj «re ^efired to ,,. ***i' 

* bc;-feat< ^«ni bolb Kine^oms, 'but iuch knlf aj, s^eiber. 

* by tbejIoimAdvicesfidCoBfeiicofbodiKiiaHkHiA 

* ftall be agreed ufon : And Wharots yburLsrtN 
' fhips (ioexprdi,72«/,t;^f4''(7H!^«iMe4£wz8tft 

* ^tfonU, )vs rf/i/ JttUrt yew tnt -Hamng Pvtver ta 

* attjmttt bmJe it etpr^U 'inihe Letter, ibat -tisri 

* JlKtUbtmf Treaty, «r inj PropoTitions material^ 

* ^ftruttfnn thJt ngrAd vfdH ij both King^atu^ 

* jttim. kad no RmAn bo t<fce Ntitioe thtrectf tiH 
' it was -ocprcfed in mat i'aper the nnt .Mam*> 

* ing, yoorfetves nUficrutg in Opinion at thzt Con- 
' feronoc oonccriring your P«wa- ; and although, 
' at ybur Dcfire, we did gire in lliat original Paper 
*■ motioned by your Lopdlhipft, you mty i^cafe tt> 
' rcotettbcr we toolc a Copy tfoeredT, snd s^ertl 

* to ^ve an A^otr thereto j and did xcqtraiiTt 

* yoiir -LoRlfhips frith.oiirllefolutitins tonuettht 

* neitMitfoing Ibr that Futpofe, w^eh «c did 
.* «ctx>rdiagly, xaA had iprqnired tfae g^eaeft iPaft 

* tlicreof, before *e t«ceti4d ybar £)oond -Paftr. 

* And, the nCKt Morhihg, the fame we <hougin 

* fit to give as VMT jfrnfigrr «« b6«4i Paperi. 

* And yoKT Lordihipsseit haTingenOppartani>- 

* t^ deckue .youf Want «f tPiKwcr, «t thstTjink 
** mdlitioikd bi.-yotir.'/^«^r,'*o oonburwiti^diA 

* Expreffion in the LAttt^./srAndiiigof JV^A^ 
.' iiMi WitUoiit ■diiyTDeaty, your Lordlhips know 

* you might then have declared the feme in Wri- 
"* siQg{ yft -hnvrng atws^s 'ceeeived and:re^orM3 

* your Paptrttq theHo^liwt'aiidthe'Houres have 

* before defircd your Concurrence therein; and ' 

* tfat:%^itfrb>n of both Houfos, to have no Treaty^ 

* were eoiiniiiMicaitod>to^l[fi:lidriSlu^>^bout d^ 

* M(kil)iȣnte. . 

* -And twheaeaa ytnh' JLcnMhipt, 4n ^dte'Gaiidu- 

* £on-^yodi.Pa^n-,>dQ<d<&e, .3^#m^»hMhiU 

* .gmw -PawtTf tpon-Gat^HUmet-iuithyaiir Lvnl~ 
-* Jh^%, .ta apxt 1^1 ai.DtKaght<tfn)nAa&K^ to 


The ParHtmetttta^ HiirdRY 

'_ tBtr rttardtdy TOur LonUliipft having- didwed 
' yoiir Want ofPoweftoconfcnt to the Eldim of 

* theHoufts in the Thing in Queftion^i wrcanncrt 

* conceive how the fame can expedite ckeifending 

* of an Anjwtr to his Majefly's Ltiter-, which. is (o 

* eamcftljr defired by both Houfes. 

* And that your Lordfhips may be fiiUy ^isfied, 

* that nothing iJ now-done or defired by the'Houfes, 

* but what, in Cafes of like Sxigence, yourLord- 

* ibipsbave formerly confented unto ; Welfaallfkut 

* your LonHhi^ in Mind, that both Eioulet, with- 

* out appointing any preparatory Debates between 

* them and yttur Lordfliips,- did r«/«/iirtD Jimic the 

* Continuance of iJi6 Militia to a c«tBin Time ; 

* though, by both Kingdonui, it waiddfircd to be 

* feftindefinitei and was fo ^refented to his Ma- 

* jefty; and herein, tho'your Lordfhipscfi^ declare 

* that your InftniiSions did not warrant you togive 
'Confentto fo material >aij Alteration, 'without 

* firft acquainting the Parliament of Siatlimli, yet, 

* that the Treaty might not thereby- be retarded, 

* your Lordfhips did join with the fai'/t^ Commif- 
.'■ fioners to content to a Time limited for the Mi- 

* litia; your Lordihipe only put in a. Paper fox 
' ydur own Exoneradon, £xprei£ng thcnrin the 
f -Confidence you had that the Parliament of Scet- 

* bmti'wouM content thereunto, when they fluuld 

* be Acquainted- therewith.' 


T^ Reply e/lfu Scots CemmiJ^nert ta ^fertgKng 
fua(vxT fr»mlb»fi ^England. 

; pe£.22, 1645. 

* ACCORDING to that wbidt is expref- 

* M~\ fed in the Clole of our laftJ'a^o^ :/>««?»- 

* ier 20, WQ wiih there had- been a. mutual Con- 

* feerence between your Lordflii^ and us for agre»- 

* iag upon fuch a Draught of an Anfiuer to his 

* Majefty Letttr, in all the Parts thereof, as. might 
^ hare given Satia&£Hon to the Padiaindnn of both 

'*■'. Kingdoms, and not have any way retarded fo 
* great 


: .»/• E.NG LA N-,D. r 

' greatinduiventa'Bufine&t but having received ' 
' your Lord&ps: Repij:i to that ,Ptipfr^vm have 

* agamreprefenced ovScnfcQf ^ewWeMattery Dwcnber. 

* and thereby etxleavour' to cure, or pievept, all 

* Mifkpprehenfion oh dther Part. 

» Your Lordfliips do dbfervc;. That ue- have ac- 
' kmmiledged that wt DintSiax tr^H^arrant, 

* yrrni the PariiamtKt ^ Scotland, fr egri* to th» 

* fending efanjiuwVtQ^fAioai ta the King witheut 

* a Treaty j but your LordOiips take no Notice 

* of what, withal, we did annex for your Lord- 

* ihips full Satisfaction, thai, in reajany it atdd 

* net bt exfeiitd fmn U, m", ai w* canctive, frtm 
' Cemmiffianers of any Parliament, la predetirmne 

* andlimil thafi that tn^ them, fi far as that ihert 

* >&?// he na Treaty uptn fiuh Prt^fitions as ara 

* altagether unknown unta /d/m,which is more fully 

* exprefled in our former Paper \ and we believo 

* your Lordlhips wUl acquiefce in thfs, a£ ground- 

* ed upon Reafon and the Rule of common 
' Equity, wherein botK Parliaments are equally 

* concerned. ' f 

' Whereas your Lordlbips do anfwer. That the J 
f Woteaefthe Heufes, including aur Canfent ta that 

* vAieh we knew net what it was, and had nff 

* Power t* agree untt^ was but in order ta aur_ Can— 

* awrente ;we defire your Lordlhips fiift to remcm-' 

* ber, that it was not fo from the Beginning i and 

* we know no Reafon why now more than for- 

* mcrly. Your Lordfliips know the CommilEonera 
' of the Honourable . Houfea, when they were in 
K Scatiand, and the CommiiEoners from theParlia- 
' me&t of Scatland here, in this Kingdpm, in the 
' Matter of the Covenant, of the Treaties between 

* the Kingdoms, the. PrBpafitlons,, qf Peace, and 
< all the Interchange, of- Mejfages anc) AnfwersXa 

* -the King before the Treaty at Uxhrii^e, did firft 

* mutually debate Matters ; and then, with com-* 

* num Confcnt, refolve what was fitteA, withoub 

* any Argument ftom. Pre-:e;ig9g¥nKnt qo eitbes 
*iSjde.i which we a{>pfehend iViU to. -be the beft 
'-laadmoU ef&^ual Way-of prefsrviog the Union 

.1 ' ' . ' of. 


17* ^ IParliaaaitajiy. Ml ST 9 It Y 

n/ii Car. 1. * of^ &n<l ktef^d zood Coarefpoadencr bobmBir 

'. '^s- * the KingdQins. ^ ywxt ws deiire your Lordfli^ 

~ "" " ' ' ' to'confidw, th«*, "ftw W8 taxd pni6Aad omt Ddf- 

'^ * knti^iK Hffab»-<if PmVuaamt rtfihtd toB^iere 

' unto their AnpMf \ «hicfa tloch moke it evident 

*■ that' c6e '^^Jtf <:»uld flot 'be ita order to our Aflent : 

*• And whe^as-y^uf Lordfiiipl argue from the tffuaJ 

* ProdW of the Houfes to the King, and of each 

* Houfe to -the other, wedo notiaqttireiiUQ ttie 

* Laws and Ciiftaaos <rf' Ais iKi«gdom ; nor do we 

* know, wtiether ch«t 'HeiiaiHBbut Houles do ufe 

* any fuchAi^mentonata another, " That tliey 
** are engaged before in th«iriA#^i'MMW, and miift 
** adhen tintb it i" but this wC'kno^v, TfatuKing- 

* doms have their own ConftiCutions and Ptadticss, 

* whkh ought not CO be extended bejrond their own 

* Limits'; and that Tfeatiraand Capitulotioosbe- 
' * tweeii ^ Kingdotns, wiuch ave not liihardjnate 

* one ta andther, muA proceed from fudi gBOcral 
*' Laws andCuftoms as mayftand with the Liberty 

* of both- : We vn very far fe^m denying aajr juft 
> * and unqaeftionable Right of the Honourable 

* HouTes df Piitli anient ; wcJcnow the OUigation 
' whitih tiath both Kingdoms iji diis Kind j but 

* we may be beMto fay, Thar as the Honounble 

* Houfes ($f ^titament would-not be ndlliagthat 

* they, or their Cofninifiotien, Should be included, 

* in any V^U of the Parliament cf Saitknd, in Mat- 

* ters not before agreed upon, cfpecially after their 

* 'Difient } lo will they never conceive it to l>e 

* their unqu^ionabJe Right to include the Com' 

* mifHoners of the Parliament of Salknd'mA'btit 

* Vste, end to adhere unto k, ^er tfa«y ind dc- 

* dared dMirDHTent. 

* *- We acknowledge your Loidfli^ did frame 

* the St9te df iheQuemoR, concerning the Man-^ 

* ner of l^tng PTcp$fitun> to his Majefly, and 

* not cenceming the Br^»Jiti«nt to be. feat ^ yet 
< we hepe your Lord&ips wil^. acknowledge, in 

* like Manner, (hat we were not bcret^ fovfir ii^ 

* mited, (Mit chaft We hod Libcr^ lift ug to'ftate 

* our necef&ry Qu^oq vlfo -to be « J»latccr>of 
■ 2 • Debate^ 


■ 5^ E N G L AN D. 177 

» Debate, firce the Manner of fending did much *^,'^'^* '* 

* depend upon the Matter of the PropofitUns to bff . i'^^.'_j< 
*- fent ; and if the AnfvJtr was drawn and vottd, in DeccQlia'. . 

* order to our Confenr, there was Place left unto us 

* to offer what wc conceived fit to be inferted in 

* the AnfwtT'j and, upon the Reafons in our fbr- 

* mer Paper, manifeding the wide DilFerence be- 

* twixt the Prepejitions agreed upon, and other now 

* Pr^pafaims, the Rtfilutions about Treaty or no 

* Treaty do fo much depend, that it faems to us to 

* be prepofterous to qondefcend upon the Manner, 
' till the Matter be firft agreed upoii, 

- * Your- LordflitpG fay, Thai jsu had n» Reajiit 
*U take Notice thai, upm the Conference the i%th 

* Inftanlf wt did declare lur not having Power ti 

* emfeitt U have it e»prefftd in the Anfwcr, that 

* tfMrtfieuU be m Treaty an any Propolitions ma- 

* ttriaUy different fhm tkap agreed upon by huh 

* Kingdoms ; ettrfiwet during in Opinitn, at ihat 
'. Cvnftreneey coiuerning our Power : But your Lord- 
*.fliip3do well remember that no Word pailcd 

* from any <^ us, that did fo much as imply that 

* we had Power to fend any new Prtpojitiont to the 

* King without a Treaty ; but that which directly 
f tended to the contrary ; a^d that immediately 

* after we had conferred together, vn did unani- 

* mouJly declare our Minds to "_your Lordfliips, 
^ without the leaft Shadow of DiSerenee ; fo that 
*■ your LordfliipE might, that Nighty have reftcd 

* fatisfied, that wc had no Power to confont to 
< have it exprefs in the Anfwer to the King's Let- 
^ tar. That there fhould t>e no Treaty on any n«w 

* Propofitiom. 

* As to what your Lordfhips (ay, Tou did agree 

* to give an Anfwer to ear firjl Paper of the i8(A, 

* and did acquaint us with your Refolutmns to meet 

* tie mxt Morning for that Purpofe : Your 

* Lordfhips, after that you had delivered us that 

* Anjivert were pleafed, upon our Defire to expref^ 

* our Mind more fully in another Paper, to return 

* to us the original Paper firft offered, as if h had 

* never been given in by us, or to have been taken 

Vol. XIV. M ' iijto 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^le 

17ft T^fif Parliamentary Hi's-foRY 

La. 11 C«i. t • into Condileration in jour Lordfl»ps Anfuar ;' 

' ' ^^' , * and therefore wc had Reafon, to expe^ no Anfioer 

"^^iati. ' fliouM have been returned to that Papir^ bit ttf 

' • * the otheri which, with all Diligence, we delivcr- 

■ cd the next Morning. 

' And whereas your Lordlhips fayi That if we bai 

* nst Opportunity ta declare, at the Cinferenee-, «»-' 

* ceming our Want of Pmier, vie might have diclar-' 

* ed the fame in Anting ; the Houfes having hefsre 

* deftred our Concurrence in the Anfwer to the Kin^r 

* Letter, and the RefoluliOns efboth Hottfes tt^hiive 

* na Treaty, hting eommumcated to ut ehaut! fiat 

* Monthifintt; and further fay, That vie having de- 

* dared our Want of Fewer ta iimfent to the Dtfiret 

* of the Hotifts in the Thing in .^f/tian, your Ltrd" 

* P>ipi cannot cenceive havi a Canferenie with us, i& 
' agree upon a Draught of av Anfwer to offer to tht 

* Conjidefatien »f the Houfes^ tan txpediti the fend'* 

* ing of an AnTwor to bis Majefiy's Letter : We de-* 

* fire It may be remembered, that as tbc RefohUiait 

* of the Houfes to have no Treaty .was comrnuni-' 

* cated to us five Months fith«nce,r fo did we re- 

* turnthefamej^«/«f«- unto your Lordlhipa at that 

* Time which we do now ; which was alfo reaU^ 
_ * contained in our two P^eri delivered in upon 

' the 18th- and 19th Inftant, when we defired si 
' Conference of your Lordfbips, for which you did 

* declare you had no Power ; and for which, if 

* your Lordfbips had yet Power, we conceire,' 

* upon former Experience of bvercominb; greater 

* Difficulties, fuch ah Anjiver t^o his Majeftjr'fl 

* Z^//«r might be ^eed upends might btisfy both 

* Parliaments, and fo the fending of an Anfaier 

* might have bicte expi^liced ; unleA your I^rd- 
' Oiips think that the .//n/w^r drawn by the Houfes,' 

* without our Knowledge or Confent, can fufferno 

* Alteration j which we believe ta not your Lord- 

* Ihips Opinion, fince h was refolved upon by tfie . 

* Houfra, a$ your Lordibips' fay, with a Reference 

* to our Confent. 

1 * Whereas your pordftiips fiy, Tbatsx mof bt 

,• fully Jatisfifdi that nvthing is nnv 4ont or iefirei 

< by 

\..._. ^,Gt)tH^lc 

-0/ E N G L A N D. 179 

^if^ Hottfts^ but whatt in Cafes tf the Hit Exi- *>. •• C«/l. 
' itncti W/ have formerly canfmte^ unto ; "and do put , '**^' 
*. us in Mind, that the Hetifes of ParUament^ with- | 

* tut appeiifting any preparatory Debates between 

* them and us, did refolve to Umt the Ctnlinuanee ' 

* eft he Miiitiay contrary tc that vjhich was agreed 

* upon by batb^ Kingdoms; your Lordfliips may be-' 

* pleafed t(x remember, that, (befidcs that the 

* ComuuQiqners of Scotland were then at XJxbridge^ 

* and pot at London or Wejimlnjier) in the mutual 

* Debates of the Commiffioners of both fCing- 

* dams, it was conceived to be reafonable, that the 
*. Confenting to a Limitation of Time, fo earncftly 

* prcHcd by the iCing, ifitcouldbe obtained, would 

* be a Manifeflation oftheir Derire3ofi*f(7»; and' 

* thereafter the Committees of both Houfes, having 

* met apart, thought fit to write to the Houfes 

* Sot their Refolution, but firll of all to acquaint' 

* the Coofmlfnoners of Scotland therewith, which 

* was done accordingly ■ This we take for a pre- 
*- paratory Dehate. And whereas your LordOiips 

* fay, That the Co/nmi^onen of Scotland did -join 

* tvith the Committee ofhoth Houfes, although tkty hiiJ 

* ita JVarrantfrom wn'r Inftruilions fi todo-, only - 

* putting, in a Paper for their ExoruraMn, exprejftng 

* their Cvtfidence that the, Parliament of Scotland 

* wauid tenfeM thereitnti i etid that therefore we may 

* do the hie at this Time, in the like Exigence; 
' we defire your LordlhlpSj for your Satisfaftion, 
*' to confider that the ■ one Oale is much different 
' from the other i for although the Commiffioners 

* of Scotland had no pacticular Inftru£tions for limit- 

* ing the Time of the Militia, yet they had good 

* Grounds toimake them confident that the Parh'a- 

* ment of Scotland would be -of the fame Mind, 

* as i» intimated in their Ptff^r. mentioned by your 

* LordihipB : But concerning the Matter n6w in 

* Debate, we have acquainccii the Eftates oi Scot- 
' ^«^. with the Votes of both Houfes of the i ithof 

* -^ugi^t apd with our AnfvHr of the 14th ;" and 

* at 4ivers Timci, witli fuch Eameftnets as be- 

■\ . ., . y[ % fccmed 


. T^e Parliamentary History 

' feemed us, defired their fpeedy Refolutions and' 

* particular DireiSions, but they have not judged 
' it convenient to grant us any further Power ; ex- 

* pefting, no doubt, that the Houfcs of Parliament 
*■ would either refolve to fend to the King the Pre- ' 
*■ pejkims formerly agreed upon ; or, if they did 
' intend any material Alterations of, or Additions 
*_unto, the formei Prepo/itiens, they would have 

* acquainted them therewith before this Time ; it 

* being now about five Months fithence the Houfes 

* of Parliament did refolve to fend Propo/itttta 

* of Peace to his Majefty ; and if thcfe Altcratiani 

* or Additions had been fent in Time to the King- 

* dom of Setlland, we might, by this Time, have 

* beenfurnilhedwiththeir Inftrufiionsjand known 

* their Will, both concerning the Matter of thofc 

* Propojalonty and the Manner of fending them, 
■ that we might have given pcrfefl SatisfaAioh to 

* the Honourable Houfes for expediting that which 

* is fb much defired by us all : 

* W? do therefore renew our Defirc, concerning 

* our Overture in the End of our laft Paper, That 
' the Honourable Houfes may grant Power to your 

* Lordfhip, upon mutual Conference, to agree 

* upon a Draught of an Anfiuer to his Maj^y's 
< LetttTy to be offered to their Conftderation, 

* whereby this tedious Debate may be put to an 

* End ; and becaufe the Alterations and Additions^ 

* fo often mentioned, ^fter five Months, are not 

* yet refolved upon, and a long Time muft be' 

* ipent before they be agreed upon by both King. 

* domsj we move again. That the'Prs^o^iW.aU 

* ready prepared by Confent of both Kingdoms, 

* may be fent for his Majefty's pofitive Anfwir j 

* becaufe more may be loft, by lofing the prefcnt 

* Seafon and Opportunity, than can be gained by 

* new Propojhions. If his Majefty's Intentions, 

* when he is now brought lower than at any Timo 

* before, be really for Peace, and anfwerable ta 

* his Profefljon, the not hearkening to his Defires 
f may force him to fuch defperate Courfts, and t<v 

* jBake fuch unnatural Offers to foreign Princes 

* and 


ef EN G L A N D. :8i 

* and States, as may be the Beginning of a new An. %i c». L 

* Kiful of War, and the Caufe of the Continuance . '^*' , 

* and Increafe of the Tad Condition of theft three jjec«mb«i 

* Kingdoms ; and if the King's importunate Soli- 

* citations, by his Letter for Accommodationt 

* and the Prince's ofTcring his Mediation, to men- 

* tion no more, be but Pretences ; yet they are fo 

* plaufible in the Eyes of the World, (uniefs they 

* be difcovered by trying the Truth, in fending of 

* Propofitions, and taking fome fpeedy Courfc for 

* Peatt) that they may be a Caufe of multiplying 

* En^nies agaJnft us, and of much Mifery to thcfc 

* Kingdoms. Whatsoever be the Event, which ia 

* in the Hand of God, it is our Duty, and will be 
' * our Comfort, that we embrace all Occafions of 

* Pacification',' 

By Cejiunand of ike CtmmiJJuners f«r tbt Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


This long Report being over, the Lords ordered 

* that the ftveral Papers, therein contained, IhoiUd 

* be taken into Confideration the next Morninig. 

Dtt, 23. A Meflage was brought up from the 
Houfe of Commoms, by Sir Robert HarUy and 
otheri, to communicate to their Lordfhips divers 
LettirSy importing the good Succefs of fome of the 
Parliament's Forces in the taking of the City of 
Htrtffrdi which were read as follow: 

For the Right Honourable the C o M M i t t 1 E of 
Lords and Commons for the Safety of both 

May it pleaft your Lordfhips, 
jlCtordingjinto yiit& Cemmandi^ I dfew forth M/^ tenet' cm m- 
-'^ goq Foot and my Troop if Hdrfe, and B^flningiheirkiiirf 
Jdvktfrom the Governor 0/ Gloucefler, / martA^^^"*"*'^ 
iwiro him ; hut finding the W'ay which was intended 
altegelher fruflrated, and the GaiiernDr of Gloucef- 
CT net very wtll^ I went with Sir John Bridges 
M 3 Bfrtr 

, r..„ ^,Gt)Oglc 


182 Tb6 Parliamentary History. 

Ao. 1 1 c«r. I ■ mar to Hereford ; and fnl thithtr fer the Hva Gen- 
iT '^*^' tlemen whom Sir John had before trtated withal 
' about the Bufmefs^ af -whom I falisfied Viyfelf af • 
the Enemy's Security and the NegHgence ofthttr 
Guards : Tbit caufed me to think of feme other 
IVaj, and, among/} others, this uiat moft pre- 
valent with Bjf, vihich, by God's Blejfmg, took EffeS, 
The Way was this j to march in one Day and Niglrt 
.from Glouccftcr to Hereford; which done, I had 
provided fix Men, in Form of Labourer s^ anient . 
with them to he a Con/latle, with a Warrant to 
iring theft Men to work in the Town ; to them 1 
. Zavt a good Sum of Money in Hand, a>td promtfed 
them a large Reward. Tbefe Men I intended ta 
lodge, in the Dart of the Night, near the Gate, 
with I JO Firelocks fa near them as the Ground wouid 
admit out of Sight. I intended to draw a Body ta 
fetend them 0td enter with them^ andfi toftirprixe 
the Town upon the letting down the Bridge in tbt 
Morning. Then J went back ta Gloucdter ta in- 
form Colonel Morgan of this, dtfiring him ia join with 
me to put it to Trial i which he candefctnded unto, and 
we marched ta that PUrpoJe all Monday Night hut 
feUJbort; therefore, to delude the Enemy, retreated 
ieck again within nine Miles yGlouceftcr. 

.The next Day at Night wt reiurried again, and 
with cartful Spies and ScautSj kept back Intelligence 
fram them, fo that they ntver difcovered us; 'but I laid 
my Countrymen and Firelocks within three garters 
of a MuJkH Shot, at a Flact which I ^ad inqidrtd 
out for tbt Purpafe ; which Party I kft ta be, manaff' 
ed by my Lieutenant-Colonel, who behetved him' 
felf very gallantly j and tbt main Body of Feet I ltd 
myfelf Col. Morgan btlng with tbt Body of • Hot ft 
tvhich he undertook j and this Mortungt upan tbt 
Ittting down of the Bridge, the Countrpnen tuexf 
with their Piik-Jxes and Spades to the Bridge ; tht 
Guards beginning ta examine them, they kiiUd three 
vf the Guardsy and kept thi rift in play until the 
Firelocks came up to them, who made it goad taitil 
tbt Body (omt up i and it ple<^ed God the Dajigtt 


oj EN GL AND. 183 

Je teaiy that tot entertd the Tntm with fitiaU Lofs j An. 1 1 Cm. h 
- in which we took eleven Pieces of OririaKCiy much . ''^^' ^ 

Arm%, andfiveralPrifiners of DiJii>i£iion ; hut there ptce^ber. 
' ere- many ethers in Town, which I believe one Day ' 
tmre'wiU difiover. 

The Mercy is wonderful; I defire the Lord may 
have the Hontnf of it, for it is his own Wori. 1 
am deeply engaged by Monies laid out in thii Bafmefsy 
end by Pramife with Colontl Morgan ; therefore I 

■ humify defire your Honours to give Order for the Pey- 
meni of the fame. As for myftlf I Jhail endeavour to 

fettle this Place, and wail your further Orders for the 
Suhftftance of my Regiment , which is in great Necef- 

fity, or what other Commands youjball be pleafeii to ftg- 
tiify ffHo your Honours 

Moft faithful Servant, 
Hetdwd, Dec. it, * 


/ have herewith fent tny Servant to watt upon 
your Honours^ by whom I intreal to receive your 

For the Right Honourable the Committee of 
Lords and Commons for the S^cty of both 

May it pleafc your Lordftiips, 
jtCcording to your Commands I marched with a 
•M Partyy at in a fitrmtr Letter, figmftd ^ Co- 
lonelMorpiDandmjJelfi we made bold to inform you: 
Since which Time it hath pleafed God to Jbevi 
bis Power in our Weakntfs., hy giving us this City, 
into which we forced our Entry this Morning, as kf 
, the het\er_^ned hy Colonel Morgan and myj'elf mere 

■ particular^ appeart. The Refolution of the Soldiers 
tarried them, on beymd Imagtaation, I Jball endew 
vour to fet Things in Order here, acmfding to that 
Command your Lar4/hips have been pkafed to give 
mt. The Place isvtry evil afftHed; / havt hero 

M 4 ffO 


184 'the ParHametitary Hist otLY 

II C»r, I. gco Pii,f^ i,at thty wlU be ton fmall a Numher. 
^^' • , intend ta add to them, if your Honouri pUafe, -anti 
'}em Up 1200, which will be few enaugh fir 
ofe£1id Place. When I marchid hither, I Irft 
two Campaniei at Bath, which heitlg it is t§ beJUghied, 
I Jhall humbly deftre anOrdcT far the drawing aftheji 
two Campamei to this Plate, which would be a gaad 
Addition. I Jhauld have waited upon your Honeufstivf- 
felf, but I dare not be abftnt, though my Eieiremitlei it 

this ill- 

great for Necejfaries for my poor Soldiers. I Jbdil 
mhly intreat yau ta'jignify yaur further Conimandr 
that or any other Thing, which Jball ht tarefidbf 

Your Honours real Servant, 

HcnfoRl.DM. 18, 

^645- JOHN BIRCH. 

for the Right Honourable the Committee of 
both Kingdomst 

Hafte, Hafte, Poft Hafte. 
May it pleafe your Lordflilps, 
TX^^ gave you ait Account in oUr laft, that We 
^'^ found the City af Hereford, by our IiaeUi~ 
gence, to be fo flrang bath in itfelf and the Refilu- 
tiotf ef its Defenders, that much Hazard would be 
in the gaining ^f it. Istotwithjianding, having a 
Party of about 2CX!0 Herfe and Foot ietwsxt tit, viz. 
ft/'Gloucefter Forcis io$o, and of Bath Forces a^o^ 
we rtfohed to make a Tried of fauing upon the Place} 
Unto which Endeavour the Lord was pUafed fa to add 
his Blijing, that Ttflirday Miming., about Break 
of Day, we forced ohr Entrance ; Gid putting fiub. a 
a Spirit inii the Soldiers at wm beyand ExpreJjSon. 
Our Engagements to them were very larger the Dl- 
fign being very defperate j end mljo to fame ether 
Gentlemen^ who- were very hdffui end btbaved tbem- 
fehes Very gallantly in the falUng on ; which En- 
gagements that we may be abu to Sfiharge, we hum- 
• ify defire yaur Lordjhipf to give Order far that Sum 


»/ E N G L A N D. 185 

which jiu were pUafed to premife fir that Serviet. *Aa.ti Cu.It 
After we hadjnarched me Night in the Simu up ttt tbt . '**^' ^ 
AKd-LegytUmeft twenty ASltsinandmiythat the Entmf jt^t^^^ 
mgbt nat bejeaUut of us we marched tbt fame March 
vbtn Mbnday Night, tbeugb with fitch Hardfiiip that 
three ef sur Mta died in the Snow ; and we retreated^ 
vptn Tuefday, alma/i te Gloucester. They then be- 
lieving we had bee/i (leer gone, were mare fievrty and 
we fell vn unexpelied. Our Laft was not canfiJerable, 
Cod be bleffed, wbofe Goem^s tuat here plainfy 
feen. Te btm be the Ghry. The Enemy fought it out 
in the Streets, where divers were fi»ny and the re/i 
taken Prifmers, We art not edile, at prefent, to par- 
titularixe them, only ihoft, wbofe Names we can at this 
Infiant bt informed of, we have here inferted. The 
Tntmfmen havefuffered by the Soldiers, by reafin we 
entered it by Force, and that tbt Enemy Jbet out at the 
ff^ndews and in the Streets ; at Which the Soldiers were 
fo tnragedy that we could not prevent them from plwi~ 
daring, which we endeavoured much to have dene, tFe 
fitaU bt always ready to approve ourfehes 

Your Honours 

Moll faidtful Servants, 
Here&rj, Dect 19, 

i64s- THO. MORGAN. 


P.S. The folUvAng is a Li/I 0/ the. PRisosLKi 

Lord Brudenelt, the Bijhop ef Hereford; Sir 
Thomas Lunsfoi;d, £(V Walm Blunt, Sir Henry 
Spiller, Sir Henry Bcdingfidcl^ Sir Marmadake 
Lloyd, £ir. George Vaughan, Sir GUes Mom- 
, peflon, Sir George Stepney, Sir Francis Howard, 
Sir Francis Lloyd, 5(> Richard Baflett, Sir Philip 
Jones, Sir Edward Morgan, Sir Nicholas Thmtjc- 
morton; fudge Jtnkinsi Liettte»ant-GoUH»ls Piicc^ 
Lewis, Jeffreys and Jones j ConmuJJary Lanwitb; 


jm. ti Cir-L ^jtf^r Price ^ CiT^d/flf fiajlard. Hill, .17%/ Corn- 

^ ■■t45' ^ wall is } Lieutimnts Gibbs aw/D'Oylcyj Cornets 

ITii iiijii » •^''"tt <Mi^ Swainton t ^ccrrfiiry Barnes j jT^. Sca- 

burne, A/r. Windfor, Mr. Aa&.ttiati, Mr. Tur- 

bevillc, Mr. Bttimonty Mr.'PawtH, Jifr. Harring- 

/ .toR; tuie SurftWf Him Pri(/ltj and -ma^. others of 


.^i Robert Harlfj fartl^er informed tbe.IrfinJs, 
That the Commons defired their Gon^ur^encc \n 
Hipointing a Thftnfcfgiving to Almighty pod, the- 
, DextSabbath-:Day, inZonVfl/t and within the Line 
of Communication, for tl^c talcing of Hfr(f»rd\ 
and alfo tbat Colonel ii/rf^ fQigbt be Governor of 

• tbat City : Ta ho^b thde the Loxds agrced^cord- 


Dtc. 25. Being Cbrijlmas-Day, both Houfes fat 
as ufual, to do Bufuiels, but nothing material hap- 
pened in cither. Mr. H^hitloch . <^kn(.3 That, 
notwithftanding the Or£minci made and publifhed 
for aboliibing this Feftival, yet generally, in Lm- 
dm, the Shops were ihut up and th^Dayobfcrved, 

Dsc. a6. The HouTe of Commons fent up an 
AvfvJtr to the King's Letlert ; which -'tiie Lords 
read, approved of, and ordered to be communicat- 
ed to the Scftt Comtniffioncrs ; which they, alter 
fome Deliberation, having confented to, it was 
ordered to he. fenr away that Afternoon, by 
S\t Peter Ki&grew. 

. M^yi^ pl^l* yo"'' Majaliy,. 
Th«Pirfiinipit>rtrfJ/^.£' Xjffdt and Coramont apmbled in the Pariia- 
K^ii^^ ■* wnrf-ef EPglsod, at Weflminfter, bme received 
of December ftWyitr LctBrs of the ^th and i^ih of this Injfant Der 
■nd 151I1 fw ^ cember \..and hmiing, Ugether with the CemmiJJieturs 

• eftbePorliamett o/'Scotland, taien the fame inta their 
ftriaui Qtnfidtratien^da.biPt^ly return thii hnivicT. 

Theyiaot, in all their AHiom^ manifefted ta your 

. Meg*fy eaid tht fVorldt ^'"' fitcere and eamejl 

• Defires 


0/ E N G L A N D. 187 

Dtjires that a fafe and iveU'gratixded yc2£x might h'^n.t\C»t,U . 

^ftttlei in your' three Kingdoms j tmdfar ' the ehtainiag ■ 'H s- 
fo great a,JhaU ever fray U Gtd and i^e their n^J^^ 
utmofl ^ndeaveurt : And befetch year Majtfty tt be- 
lieve, that their not/ending a tmre'fpetdy fuxiwcrhath 
tut procteded fram any Intention to retard the Meant 
of putting an End ta thife prefent Calamitiei by a hap~ 

' py Peace ; hut hatb'hetn vccafimudbyAe CtnfideriOiani 
and Dehaiis neajfary in a Bujinefs afji grtat Impart- 
antt, wherein hath Kingdims art fa tniuh etnanud. 

'At ia yaur Majeftft Defire of a Safe-Cmduaftr 
the coming hither of the DuieafRxhiaoait thi Marl 
«/* Southampton, John ^fliburnham, and JeSrey 
Pslmcr, Ef^i. -with Propofittons ta betha Faundatiua 

■-'of an bappyandniell'graunded Peace; thty finding that 
farmer Treaties have been made JJfe of far athar Endi^ - 
under Pretence of Peace, iiW Mv* proved dilatary 

■ and unfueeffiful, carnisi give Way ta a Safe-Gandu^ 
accarding to yeur M^eflft Dijirt : But both Haujit af . 
the Parliament of England having now under their 
Canfderatitn Prdpofitions and Bills for the fettling of 
afafe and weli-grawtdtd Peace, which art fteedilyto 
ht communicated ta the Commi^neri efthe Kingdom af 
Scotland, do rifvive, after mutual Agreement af 
' bath Kingdomtj ta prefent them with all Spud ta yaur 

GREY of rrarie. 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
Wrfmlafter, D«. *6, M-g fempare. 
"645. ^ ^ 

Speaker of the Houfe ef Com- 

But; before this Anfwer was received by the 
King, txyd^ex Miffiigt c&me from his Majeftjr 
' ufbet^d- in' to the Houfe of Lords, in the -ufual 
Maimer ; and wasi-n tbefeM'ords: 



i88 3^ ParUamentary His roRV 

AihitCu. L 

1645. For the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers prtr 

*~"""'^~' Tempore, to be communicated to the two Houfe» 

"°*°*'*" of Parliament at mjiminfter^ and the Commif- 

fioners of the Parliament of Seetland. 

AaMtwrMeAce •KjOtioitbftmSng the Jirange and unexptSed Di~ 
t^^^iX^^ V (M ean be precedented by no form^ 
Adi btfore bu Times) it his Majeftfi two ftrmer Meflages, bis 
»*^*Vj|^[* Majelij will lay afide all Expofiuleliew^ at rather 
Aafwl'**™* /"^"g '* '*/* Time than to centribule any Remedy •/» 
the Evils whicbjftr the prefeid, do affii^ this dijlraa'- ■ 
td Kingdom : Therefore, without further Preamble^ bi$ 
Majejiy thinks it moft necejary to fend thefe fropofl- 
tions this Way^ which he intended to do by the Per- 
fins mentioned in bisformir Mella|es ; though he vitU 
Jmotus the great Difadvantage vuhicb Overtures tftbii 
Kind have, by the Want of being accompanied by well" 
infirxSid Mejfengtrs. 

His Majefty conceiving that the former Treaties 
hcve hitherto proved i/uffeSiual, thieflyfor Want of 
Power in thefe Perfons that treated, as liiewife becaufi 
ihafe from whom their Power was derived (notptJJ^fy 
having the particular ■ Informations of every feveral 
Debate) could not give fo clear a Judgment as wasre~ 
quifitt to fa important a Bujinefs : If therefore his Afa~ 
je/ty may have the Engagement of the two Houfei at 
Weftminfter, the Commipiners of the Parliament af 
Scotland, the Mayor, Aldtrmen, Commin Council., and 
Militia of London j of the Chief Commanders in Sir 
Thomas Fairfax'^ Army, as alfo ofthofe in the Scots 
Army, for his Megeftfs free and fafe Coming ta, 
and Abode in, London or Weftminfter, (with fucb 
of his Servants now attending him, and their Fol- 
lowers, not exceeding in all the Number of 3O0) 
for the Space of 40 Days ; and, afier the fold 
Time, for hit free and fafe Repair to any of hit 
Garrijons of Oxford, Worccfler, or Newark, 
. {which his Majejlyjbali nominal f at any Time before 


{/•ENGLAND; 189 

Ht gtim fram hoadon tr Wt&nunZtt) htj Majffy Ab-hCu-Ii 
fropouMdi te have a Petfonal Treaty with lie tVM '^^' . 
Houfts of Parliament at Wcftminfter, eru{ tht Com- 
mffnurs of the Parliament of Scodand, upea all 
Matters which may candute ta the rijitring of Peace 
and Happineft ta thtfe miferahU diftraited Kingdoms ; 
Old ta begin with the three Heads which were treated 
m at Uxbridgc. And far the hetter clearing of his 
Majefly's eameft andfincere Intentions af putting an 
End ta thefe unnatural DiJlra£fions, (knnuing that 
Paint af Security may prsve the greattd Obflacle to this 
moft buffed Work) his Majefiy iherefare declares. That 
he is willing to commit the great "Jrttft af the Militia 
nf this Kingdsmyfor fucb Time and wiibfuch Powers 
ai are exprejfed in the Paper delivered by his Majefly's 
Cttmnijianers at Uxbridgc, the 6/i a/1 February lofty 
to thefi Perfons faUawing, viz. the lord Privy-Sealy 
Puke af Richmond, Marquis af Hertford, Marquis 
of Dorcheftcr, Earl af Doriet, Lard-Chamhtrlainy 
Earl af Northumberland, ^ur/e/EITcx, Earl af 
Southampton, £(?r/o/"Pembroke,£i)r/ff/'Sali(buiy, 
Earl af Manchefter, Earl af Warwick, Earl of 
Denbigh, Earl af Chichefter, Lord Say, Lard 
SeTmour,XDr^Lucas, ^sri/ Lexington, Mr, Den- 
ail Holies, Mr. Pierpoint, Mr. Henrv Bellalis, 
Mr. Richard Spencer, Sir Thomas Fairfax, Mr. 
John Alhbumbvn» Sir Gcrvafe Clifton, Sir Henry 
Vane, iun. Mr. Robert Wallop, Mr. Thomas 
Chichcley, Mr. Oliver Cromwell, anlMr. Philip 
Skippon ; fuppafing that thefe are Perfins againji 
wha^ there can b( no jujl Exception. But if this 
doth Stat fatisff, then his Majtjiy offers to name tht one 
Halft ^nd leave the Ele£lion of the other to the two 
Hatifif of Parliament at Weftminfter, with the 
fvweri ^n^ Lipitatians befare-meniioned. 

Thus ins Majejiy calls God and the IFerld to ht ■ 
Witnefs of his fmcere Intentions and real Endravours 
fpr the compofmg and fettling af theft miferable Dijlrac- 
tians ; which he doubts net butt by the Blejfmg 
of Gtdt will Joen he put to an happy Conclufiany if 
that hit Maje/ly't Offer he accepted ; otherwifty he 


1 0O ■ 5V ParhmejOary- H-i s t o\r y 

' *B.iiCjr,I. leaves all thi World ta judge n-hBof^theCaniimurs 

, f *^' , ,af ihii unnatural JVar, ^nd therefore he once mart 

December. conjures yau, bj all the Bands of Duly you owe 19^ 

God and your King, lo fo great a CompaJJion on the 

ileeditigand miferable Eftate of your Ceantry, that you 

jfin your moji ferious and hearty Endfovaurs with his- 

: Maje/fy, to put an hflppy andj^eedy End to ihefe fre- 

Jtnt Miferies. 

Given at the Court at Oxfardj the 26th of- 

Dec. 30. Sir Peter Killegrna, the Meffengcr Cent 
with the Parliament's Letter to the King, returned 
w>th this Anjiv/r. 

For the Speaker of the Houfe of Pe^ks pr»' 
Tempore, to be communicated to the two Houfee 
of Parliament ^tWeftminfter, and the Commif-^ 
&>ncrs of the Parliament of Scotland. 


AH^&nfnm jI-^fiOUGH the Meflkge, feitl by Sir Peter 

dMKkit, iCT Killegrew, may jujlly rehire an expojiulatory 

ttmha i^tkioc- AnfvfCT, yet his Afajejiy lays that ojide, as nat fi pre- 

JI^'Ttb" per for his prtfent Endeavours; leaving all the 

World to judge, whether his Propofition yiir a Pcr- 

fonal Treaty, or the fat Denied of a Safe-CondiOt. 

' for Perfons to begin a Treaty, be greater Signt af a 

reel Intention to Peace j and Jhali' naw- anly in^ 

upon hisformer MefTage of the i6th af this Decern- 

beri That, upon his Repair to Weftminfter, i* 

doubts net but fa lo jain his Endeavours with his ttao' 

Heufes of Parliament, as to give jufl Satisfaifiort 

not anly concerning the Bujinefi o/"Irdand, but alfa. 

for the fettling of a Way for the Payment af. 

the Public Debts, as well to the Scots and the City 

tf London, as ethers. And as already he hatly 

fiewn a fair Way far the fettling of the Milithii' 

fi ^ A^" carefully endeavour, in aU other Particu~- 

iars, that none JhiU have Caufe- to camplaix far 

want of Security, whereby jufl ffetiliufiu may ar^ 

ta hinder the Cantinuanct af the deftred Peace. And 




€irtainfy this Proportion rf a P^ffetul Treaty cauld An. i 
mtwr hmt eitttred inta bit M^fi^i Thoi^Uy 
had nat- refihtd U make apparuit to alt thf Wtrid, 
.That the Public Gatd att4 Peace of this Kingdom is; 
far deartr it him tkm the SafpeO- tf anj partitular 
Itderejl: Whtrtfvrt nmt . cM. tpptfe tbii MelkiK, 
vith»»a:mmife/l Deman^taiony That hi fartiailar^ 
fy enviet hit Maj^Jbt^d be the thief Jidhar infi 
bhfd a Werk, hefidei the dtckriAg hmfi^ iht Jirwlf 
Oppefercf the happy Viam of tbefe Naiuiu. 

Teeenclmle: ff'hefeever will n^ he dftamed-ihat- , 

Ini fMr and fpeciitii Prittftationt jhnld he hroagbt. 
tt a tnu and puhlie Tefiy .and tMe wht bkat art^ 
&enfe aad da truly cemmiferate the Afifiriu tf their- 
hlet£ng Ceuntrvt let thetti J^edify artd rbeatfufy tm^ 
brace his Majeftfs Propofition ftr Us Peifonal Trea- 
ty, «/ WefimiAfler ; vabithy by'tkr BUJ^.tfG'od, . 
will unJmbtedlyi, te thefe unit dtJIraStJ Kitigdtm, r**' 
/ere the' Hapfiiieft tf a bng-wtfitd-fsr and lafitt^ 

GiKcn at the Court at Oxferd, the agth Day of ■ 
Deumi/r, tb^S. ■ ' . • ■■ 

. ThenextDay, the'Houfe of' Commons fbit*. 
IkfeOage to the Lords, impoTtiKg, That iqMiireftd-: 
ing of the King's Loter'j of ihe 26tb and 29di of 
Decenibery dtey do find a greater Neceffity to.coff* 
dnue in ^eir fbnncr Rejiluiim^ ' That the Jl^i^ia Rdblatlon cf 
of thU Klnfedcnn (hall be putindie Power of botli>*^'" 
Houfes. of ^riiamcnt, and noCbtherwife, aorOrding 
to the PrtpoJhitH concerning the Militia already 
(entfrom dleir Houfe to the Lord* ; and that the . 

Lords Concurrence be defirtJ, both in thefaid Pripl 
pofitian aAd in the Vote •, diid that the Lords' be de^ 
fired, if they fhaU agreti intht? laid Prepefitim wS 
in tbis^ar^i'that they wiltcbncur with this Houfe, 
■ That the faid Prefafkim eoncerning the MiBtU - ■ . ■ 
and this Vote may, by the Members of both Hoafes 
that arc of the Commrttee of both Kingdo^^^ 
communicated to the ■5«» Commiflioners,''. jfnd. 
their Gortcurrencc defired to"botb/ 
To all which the Lords agreed. 

a The 


192 l^.ParUenmtajy History 

D. It CiT. I. The King's AftairB now growing defperate, «n 

'**i' all Sides, many Gentlemen of Eftates, who had 

(erred his Maidly in his Armies, Ibu^t to make 

the bell of a bad Bargain, and fare fomc Part, by 

compounding for the whole. A Committee for 

fuch Ulcs was fettled, by Parliament, at GtUfndtlft- 

^^^ HaUi and Time was aBowed to the as* of this 

^R^ti&'fti Month, for thofe who thoueht prtq>er to come in 

(fadr fequdtfnd to compound. Soldiers of Fortune, «s they were 

*"*^ called, or thofe who had no Eftates, were fufiercd 

to tranfport themfelves to any foreign Country, 

nerer more to return to ^eir own, without Leave 

from the Patiiiment :- But, if they returned again, 

and XaA up A.rms againft the Parhament, dien they 

were neither to hare a Pardon nor Quarter. 

K "Jtauuiry.. Bodi Houjes haring b«en long em- 
ployed, in fettling Church'Goremment, according 
to the Preibyterian Model, on the third of this 
Month the Commons fent up a Meflage by Sir 
Att.tfffoaiM^^'^'rt .Harky, to defire the Lords Concurrence, 
fcrOid'iABifl** Tiiat, to the End they all might have God's Af- 
■1^^^ Set. fiflance^in the finifliing and fettling this great Work 
Gburcb-OoTCTn'Of ^Churdi'-Gorernment, a Day might be appoiht- 
■Koi. ed and . fet z^n fox a I^y of Humuiarion for bctfli 

HDuIi^''of rarliamem and the Aflembly of Dt- 
vinesi'tofeek God for his Dire&ion thernn; the 
V - Time and Viice they left to their Lordfliips.-^ 

The Lords ^eed to' this, and appointed WeAtufdof 
the 15^1 Infl^t at 5r. MarnuU in tht Fuldt. 

. j'flK. 3. The Form of a i^ff^, drawn Up by the 
Committee of both Kingdoms, to be icnt to the 
King as an Anfwtr to his two lall, was this Day 
read to Uie Lords, and ordered to be communicated 
firft to the Setts Commiffioners, and then fent away 

to tb* KiB|'. • XXr E, your humble and loyal Subjefls of 

"■h*S«ih'** *"**** Kingdoms, have received you Let- 

»f December. ' ^""1 of the 26th and 29th of Dnemier laft, unto 

. r. * which 


■ff E N G LAN D. 193 

■* WMdi we humWf return this ^a/lu*ri That theft *=•*' ««• I- 

* hath been no Delay on bur Parts but what hath . . '^^^' . 

< b«n neccflary in a Bufinefs of fo great Conftf- j.nuMt. 

* quencF, as" is cxprefled m our former Ltttfr&t 

* your Maj eft y. 

* Concerning the Perfinal Treatj deiired by youc 

* Majelly t there having been 16 much innocent 

* Blood of your go6d Subjefts {bed in this War bj^ 

* your Majefty's Commands and CooimiHions, 
*< IriJ/h Rebeb brought over into both ICingdoma, 

* aftd EndAaVoilrs to bring over more into both of 
» them, as alfo Forces from foreign Parts ; your 

* Mftjefly being in Arms in thefe Parts, and the 
'• iVince at the Head of an. Army in the ff^ej j dlu 

* vers TowxB made Garrifona.and kept'in Holtilii- 

* ty againft the Parliament of England ; there he~ 
' * ing alfo Forces in Stttiandigslai that Parliament 

* and' Kingdoiti by. your Majef^.V Commilfion^ 
. * the War in /«iHirf- fomented and prolonged .by 

< your Majelly, whereby the thred Kingdoms are 
> Wsnghtnear to.ntcer Rien^ndiilcftriifiioni we 
'^ conceive that, until Satisfa^ion and Security, bb 

* 6rit: giv^Q to'bbthyohr Kingdo&is,yburMajeAy*9 

* coming hither cannot be convenient, nor by us 

* aflentcd to: neither ban we apprehend it s 

* Means conducing to Pfocr,. diat.your Majefl^ 

* fhould come to yourPadiamcnxfo a.feiuDay^ 

* with any Thoughts of leaving it, efpecially with 

* Intentions of returning to Hoftility againft it. 

* And we do obferve, that y»»ut Maiefti delirA ^ ■ 
, ' a Safe-Condu£t, not onlyfrom you^Parliamenff _.- 

^ but from the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, CommoTi 

* Councilt and Militia'of tteCity of Londtn, the 

* Chief Commanders of Sir Tbetrlat FtArfax\ Ai*- 

* my, and thofe of' the Sceti '■ Army j which ts 

* againft the Privileges and Honour of your ParH^ 

* ment, thofe being joined with £hem who are fi;|bk 

* je£l and fuborditiate to their AutdKoity!, 

* As to that which your M^fty^ agidnft the 
■ Freedom of Parliament, enforces in both your 

* Letters, with many earned Expreffions, u if in 
Vol. XIV. N • no 


194- ^ ParMatJunfmy HistORf 

M^^^u.I- * no other W« (han.rfiftt {^pounde^ by fotll 

. '^' . * MaUftr, the Peace of your Kingdoms ceuM btf 

hmwn, * cfta^oliQied, your Majcfly may plcalc to tvateniH 

* ber, that, ia-oiix laft Letter, ivc did dec[»rc thit 
f Prapofstiens from both Kingdonw were Tpeedily 
■ to ^ fent uinto ysM- Majeft}' ; tyhieh btiiig ^nt- 
^ cd uato by your Maje{iy, wHl bcthepo)^ M«lM 

* n^ciehy yea can give Sari^^ton ^vA SffCvitf 

* to your Kingdoms, idvifi aflure a fiim Union b»^ 

* twcen the tnw Kingdoms (u mech defired l^ 

* each for other as fortbemfelvoa} fettle .^eUgioatf 
<* ind Decufe the Peace of the Kingdom fjiStttlrnidg 

* M^iereof deitfacr is fo atuch as mentiaiuid in ypuf 
' MawfW's Letter, And. in procewLing acoot^ing 
' to thdc Jbft and nccefiaiy Grouada, to the |mK 

* ting an £^ad to the bleeding Calamities of Aefe 
f Nations, your Ma^efiy may have the Glory ttf 
.* be a principal InllrumcRt in fi> h^ppy a Work ; 

* and we, hovmerar raifiaterprettd, ihall apprOvoF 

* our&lve* to God and the World to be real and 

* fincere In fcekirig' a htt and' wdl-grounde< 

* Peace.' 

yan. j'. The fengoing Letter hdvii^ been eotix 

teqnicated to the acpti ' CommiSoners fat thei^ 

' 'Confent ta it, tb^, this Day, returned a Paper tt» 

4helx>rds, whidrcpatained thsir Thoughts enthd 

iu^LmerfvAadS3ii»sieaAiu bat Verba. 

Dee^ 5, 1645. 
tfeswtifcom-:* A Ccording to anft-'itrpfboth Houfia your. 
i^Zlt * ^ LoHWaipi did, tipon Salw^^ afNiglft, 

* comnuintcatc unto us their Ja/wer to the Ki^s 

* Lflter,ia Ke£erence to our Concurrence [ and^ 
-' upon Pernfal dwreof, we have thought iit to de— 

* fire it may be cOoiidered, whether to full and ese— 
-* prefs charging of his Majefty, as is ctmtbined m 

* tbefi;i:enclp3r^aph,dochdonduceto theifKen^* 

* ed PacificatioB j Wid whether it may not, contrary , 
*' to the In^fttibils of both KingikiinGj probably 
^ a fui^r Ehd^aatodcdin'^ « 

-.* PerfowiTrtaf^- :, 


^ E N O L A K D. m 

■ * &(Kiie EipreflSonst as vri toncelfre, may, upon An. u Cw.L 

* afeoood'CoiJKteratkm, be aUde more diftirift . '^5- 
« JiBd dttttV kherein we fhdt kc Vtfy ready to con- juMtt. 
' cut wkb yoar Lordihipa : But one Thin^ Ask 

■ is inrf material to us, which vte defire to have - 

* alterM in the fourth Paragraph, jetir M^tfly mOy 
*pl^fi t» ntamAte ihat, in out iafi Letter we Hd . 

* .A/w"« thai Phipolitioni far huh Kingdamt wert 

* jfu£hf tt It fitrt U put Mdjtftj, wbUh btiAg 

* t^liaii H hj jettr J^eftj^ will he the mfy Meant 
'* Mtrthf jiu (s» give SatisfiifHon and Securily 

* w^o year JSngdiim ; Becaufe thefe tVords, as they 

* now ftand^^olmply notonty^at thcParltaments 
' df the two Khigjonis will receive no Fropufitimt 

* itom bis' Majelly to be the Foundation of a fafe ' 

* and iveU-grounded Pedu \ bat alfo, that there 
« can be no Saliefwaion or Sacarity, unlds his Ma- 

* isfly ^imt WHO every Patticutar, of the (hi'alltft 

* ImpoiltMitay contained in thfc F^tfofiUmt to be 

* Ci^t fronft both Kingdoms ; an^ do ^iirthtr .imply 

* thar tbia« &all be no "ttealy upoh thofe Propop- 
' iimii whicb Things we have n<J Power to de- 

* «Iate,a« is urellknown to tht^HotkfurableHoufes.' 

Pye*mmiin4»ftheCommijpaiitrsfir the Pariia- 
jKetit, ef Scotland. . ' . 


Thefamc p^ the SyeuMr aftheHoiife ofXcrdr 
bfqtiftiiivM tl\B^ \yitb a tetter be had receivad 
Uota t^'Eari of JSufjSim^aDd the Lord ffiiioi^hiy, 
^1^9 of tbf C<^t»iffidners appointed la refel^ with 
tlw Army before ^Newari, dated- at NeMiagham, 
^aifiu^ 2, i4t5i which wa»i«ad asfoUows : - 

My Ldrf, 

rj¥>£ next' Pftgh ^ter we' ta^e ts Grantham Ltttw«,-ac.ft«« 
tht^CarrHget ■aiih ihe Cleaihi arid Montf cami ^,^^^^1^%^ 
tout, fukh a Cmvey ef jpo Scots Borfe and Dra- Attbi 'bOan 
geoHsi We heroe received what was appointed fof N'*Mk< 
mt \ awt the fame Night gave Orders fsr the ChatJis . 
(>Wl5,oodl. in AUwf-te ^ te'^GVsa.^%XD.the m)A 


7& ParUHmentary HtstORY 

■ Day > mdftai to the Ctmimttte thtre tt provide Wag' 

, gout it cprryifum to ihe^coXs ^uarlerii-having virdk 

.at the fanuTimiio Lieut fnant-GeruralGivid Lcflef. 

jiueriiingiy the Mtney and Cbatht were received, as fy 

■ an Acquiitanu returned to GoldfmithVHall wi^ 

We have ufed our hefl Bndeavoure towards the rfi- 
ducing of Newark and Belvoir, and fiad very ready 

■ Cemp/iancej by the Anfwcr tve have received to oii" 
-Letters, from thefevtrai CemmiHeet. and dsi^t douit 
but their Aiiiom wiU be fuitahle. Toe Counties a^ai- 

■ cent are veryfirward in this Service, sHd toe Officers 
and Solders vigilant and full of Courage. 

We deftred to nuet Lieutenant-General David Les- 
ley at Kottingbam, and we naming the Place left the 
Time to him i hut afiervMrds receiving a Pet]tioir» 
herewith fenty from the County ^Nottingham, we 
wrote to him en Tucfday In the Afiemaen ta meet us mt 
Thurfday ; and received from him a Letter, as yott 
will perceive, without Date j which not coming tiS 
Seven at Night on Thurfd.ay, we imagined he meant 
Thurfday in the next Week, till we htard, aiout Jl£d*- 
flight, from the Governtr of Nottingbam^ that he baS 
Jlaid there moft^that Day for us. 

Lieuleuant-Generalt>a.vid Ldley met us Te/lemight 
at this Town, and his Letter expreffing no Commttte 
ofihat Kingdom to he wjtb their Army, we defired ta 
know whist Authority he had to join with us ; whicb^ . 
with the Refults jf eur Conference, is herewith 
fent onto ytu^ The Country alledglrig the Num-^ 
her of the Scots Solditft to be under the Lijl given . 
lb m, we defired to taie Mitjiers of that Armf 
atear^mg to our Inftru£tiorts ; and Jhewed Lieu- 
tenant-General- Lefley the OrdinanM fof- our dij^ 
burjing 6000I. to them after Mufter taken hy us ^ 
he returned this Arifiver, He could not cof^int td it 
till he. had uceJved Authority .from his Superiors* 
We defired to know whom he meant: He faid. 
From the Committee of both Kingdoms at Ltn— 
_ don, OS any other that <xiuld give him, Leave ; an^ 
for' which be agreed ts-.wr.ite to the, Comnajifinert 

:..■:■' .■'-.'■ 'o--- • "f- 


o/" E N G L A N D. 197 

■•^Scotland ««« «t( London. Being fir the prefint ^^t- *^ C»- ^ 
Sibarred from taking Muflers, vjt prtcttded lo da , '**^' 
this dijiregtd Country the befl Service toe could, and ,^ ; "^ 
thertfare made him an Offer if ro.oool. Monthly, 
which wtprejfcdhim te accept ; and, amongji other Ar- 
gument!, For that by the Treaty there fliould be 
21,000 Men for 30,000/. Monthly; and 10,000/. 
a Month was more than proportionable for their 
Forces, if there were only betwixt 6 and 7000. " 
He tald uSy The Number of Horfe encreafea the 
Charge. We anfioeredt By the Treaty there were 
to be 18,000 Foot, 2000 Horfe, and tooo Dra- 

Out; Papers yo/W in the Order we received them ; 
tmd, upen Bur lajf, the Lieutenant-General defred te 
hmo if we intended to take off' the R^flriijion in mr 
Letter, which was in thefe ff^erdi. Till wc meet* 
tr whether we did leave him tt provide for himfelf. 
After Confultatien with the Comn/ittee o/'Nottinglum, 
they agreed with him fir 2,500!. fir this County for 
a Week, vAich endsm WcdnCfday next. We befeetb 
your Lordjhips to take fpeedily into your Gonfideralion 
bnu thefe greet Incomienienees may be remedied; and 
the Rjiin of thefe Parts, and of this wafled Country, 
nay be prevented. 

Your LonUhips moil humble Servants, 

Next follow, in the Lords Journals, the Papers 
mentioned in the foregoing irt/rr. And firft that - 
from the Committee of Parliament, l^nt to Lieu- 
tenant-General David Lejley, which was addrefled' 
to the Scets Commiffioners, whom they fuppofed to 
be then refident wi^ the Army before Newark. 

My Lprds and Gentlemen, 
CrHE CtnrOoys art come this Night hither. We 
■* have conferred with Lieutenant-General Urrey j 
cmd becaufe we dejire the /^oney and Gloalhs may 
ttme with all Spetd t9 yau, and Ufl t}ie breaking of 
N 3 tht 

L._. ^,Gt)t)gle 

^igj The Parliammtary History" 

A«.«iC».r. tht FrsJfioKld Mie tht m^f vm ill ftr Carriaftf;^ 
, '^*' . VHt bavt made Vfi ^thefamt ivUehsam from Lon- 

t Junarr. *'°" '" '^*'"' (o NgtUBgh^m ; ' W by rettfn ^ iht^ 
Orders given to their Comays tifDragoant far their 
J^idy Return to Iiondon, lue canmt feiui them toyoifr^ 
Quarters i we have therefore fent to the Cemmttee at. 
Nottingham to previd' twtlyt Carriages to iieiteady c^ 
NottinghamtnMonday Morning, to meet the Money 
and Provijions there^ and ta bring them tp fou.' ff^ 
dejire ygu to appoint your Commiffary l» meet them, of 
Nottinghanis to give Mr. Squiie, who is fent dovn% 
by the Committee at Goldliniih's-Hall, j^aur Jeftiittaiut 
and Difibarge on theKiwpiofthefeParticulari^whicb 
art awarding H this Note intkfed ; mi, ifympUafe^ 
Vie will meet you at Notringlutn, which we fuppofe uii 
mefl cenvenienfy to adi>ifijir the carrying on this Ser- 
vice inirsc/ied with us by both Kir^gdoiw ; the Time wt 
leave with you, at may heft fait your nun- Occajionu 

your Lordi^ips 
Cnntfiiffl.Dcc a<, ' 

\^y ■ Affe£bion«e Friend, 

aod humble Servants, 



Iiieutenant-GlBneral Lesley's Jsifwer* 
Right Honourable, 

7^171^ received yutri ef^ }^ of tUi Infant., eini, 
- . Jhali, according to your' Dejire, ftrfhwith di^patS 
tor Commiffiay ia attenJl nir Carriagttf at Nocting^ 
ham. lam Jin'ty there are eaneof 4he CMMutttt ef, 
the Parliament hereatprifent ta meet 'with your Lori-t 
• Jhips i-buft if it mtrf^teajeyaui I intend I'o laaitoayui 
at Nottingham f» Thiirfdiay rf/i* j te^ertby IJbaU 
be ready to contribute t^y btfi StuieoB^wri inadvifing 
Htbfit is. fitteft t» be done in tarrying on tlfe ^^nt Ser^ 
vice, i only 

Your l<ordflups moft humble Scmat* 


gf E N O L A N D. 199 

An. *t Cw.T. 
The CoMMiTT£s's Sjfly, . ^^i- 

SIR, Z*"""!- 

TZrE have ihii Baj r/aivtJ a Petition Ji-cm tit 
'' Ciunty of Nottingham, tscpr^ftng ihitr great 
avi heavy Sufftrtngs, and their Dejtre tf Jpetdy Re- 
fmdy to prevent their Rui». In Difiharge efthe TruJI 
reptfed in ut we Jball de our utmefl Endeayettrt for 
thaHf and ine^ not a mere rta4y Way than by ouw 
^tdy conferring with y^u ; lUf ihereftre dtf^i you f0 
meet ut en Thurfday Night t>'*tt at Nottingham. 
J^eje Mativtt Je engage you gad uf it lofi ho 7ime% 
em will, we know, excufe our appointing this Day bt~ 
fire we bear further from yon. 

We bear the laji Week's Affejfmenti on fhe Ceuntiet 
•^Nottingfiam and Derby, for your dr^, da end 
Te-merrew ; and we wfift iarnfft^ defire tbat'nofar- 
tbtr Jffi^mnis may be made for yeur Farces till iut 
have met, cenfldering the Miferies of thofe CsiMtiiit 
who are i^ttrlyexbaufted,a»d (hat Cioaths and i^^00O\. 
Sterling iu Aitriey are caae in to you from the Parlia- 
ment ; andyau will ajfuredly find our complying ta.tro- 
vide Neceffiiriei for yeu, thfit your Friends may aaot 
' ZtAft/iance, and the Ceuntiei no Caufe ta amplain. 

Your hutnbte Servants, 



Their Declakatiqn fenl to General Lesley, ' 
on Occafion of the Scots Comnriflioners not being 
come to Newark. . 

Nottingham, Jan. l, 1645. 
TT^Hereas we are appainted by both Heufes of Par- 
'^ liament to advife, debate, and conclude with 
mr Brethren of Scotland, or fuch as fhail be au'' 
tharisnd by them thereunto ; and, by joint Jdvice 
vnth them, ta put in Executien all fuch Matters 
and things eanttrhing. the wilt^orderingj direifing, 
N 4 " ■ ■ . and 


206 ^ ParUamentary Hi s t o r r 

*''^y^*'-^-imd Diffofalsf the Forces brei/ght in end employed h;^ 
\_ ■ ^^' them far their Ajfiftanu ; and having reuived a Let- 
Juiiaij, ' X&x from you, wherein tt is exprtjfed thai there is na 
Cgmmitta of the Parliament af Scotland naiv rejidin^ 
ftfith yaur Army^ we therefore dejhre to knmu what 
Authority is givtn unto you from the Parliament of 
Scotland tojoin with us, that acesrdingfy xae may ap- 
ply mtrftlvei in the Pmfecutian ofthofe Commands whick 
Vie have received, 

^igncd in the Name and bjr Warrant of the 
Committee of both Holies of the ParliamenC 
of England, 


Qeperal Lesley's PaoPOSAt-s for Maintenance 
of the StQts Army. 

My Lords and Gentlemen* 
^INCE that your hordjhips are appointed by the' 
*r Honourable Haufis of the Parliament of England^ 
to conclude withfuch asjhall be authorized by the Parm 
liament ^Scotland, ta order all Matters concemingthe 
reducing the Tow o/"Ne^¥ark, to the Obedience of the.' 
King and Pftiliament, I daily expe£I there Jhall tg. 
Commiffioneri Cent exprefifrom the Parliament of Scot- ■ 
land to attend yoser hardfi>ipi accordingly ; in the mean 
Time, as Commander of this yfrmy, I ajn mojl willing 
to concur with your Lordjhips in all Things that may be 
thought neceffary to the AdiJantage and Accompliflmtent 
of the Work in Handi provided fufficient Maintenance 
may be givtrt for Aian and t^orfe^ according to the 
following Schedule; 

The Fool being 3600 at ^i. per Diem,! ', 
farjeven Bays, ii J * 

The Officers of the Foot of eight Regiments, I 
at twt Paris Pay will amount weekly to i 

The Horjemen being f eikoned to ^000, at \ 
is. 6d. "per Diem, at Part ef their (zxoo 
Pay,isfortheffeei ^ 

Carried over — — 3010 


r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

NMtiD(lum, Jia. 


£• ' 

Brought over — — 3020 

7h Offictrs rf'thi Hirfi., at tws Partil 
Pay per Diem, u the Stm e/'afiol. and f iq6o 
for the Wtti to the Sum ef i 

The Offictrs with tht Staff and Train af\ 
JrtilUry\thewieifySumof ^ ■* J 3°° 

In all it the wetklj Sum of ' 5280 ' 

Your LordfliipB Servant, 


The Answer of the Committib of Pariiament. 

Nottingham, Jan. z, i<$45' 
T'E da offer fa prov'de for your Army for Horfiy 
Foat, Officer! of tht Staff, and Train of Jrtil- 
Ifyt thf Sum of 10,000 \. for tvjenly-eight Dayi, t» 
^ginjrom Wednefday lafi pafl -, a third Part to bt 
faid m Money, the other two third Parfs in Provijunjf 
according to the Rates under-mentioned, which JhaUht 
brought into your garters weeily. We can give ns 
Anfwer to the Number of Soldiers, until, with your 
Confent, Mufters of them fiall he taken by fiuh as uv 
^jl appoint ; tut when we have taken Mufters, we 
fitedlufe BUT beft Endeavours that Subjiftence beprniided 
for them according to their Numbers. 


Oats per Quarter, — 


1. s. 

Hay per Stone, — 


Peas and Bear:] per Striity 



Straw per Threavcy . — 


Beef per Pound, — 
Mutton, Lamb^ Veal, per Po 



Pork per Pound — - 


pread per Pound — 


Cheefe per Pound, ~ 


Butter perPound, — 

patffual pet Strike, — 





?«a ^ l^arliameTaary H 1 9 t o » v 

^ II CM. h jifah, — — 03* 

. 'y' . „ . M3i and Bter '^ Gallotfj — 004 

^f*"^: SignvJ in Ac Name and by Warrant of the 
(i^emmittee of toth HouJas of tbe Padument 


General Lbiley's Re^. 

My Lords and Gentlenent 

/XJnderfttmd yeur Lanf/bips we wi/Htfg taglvtenljr 
. I0,000l> for the Maintenance of our Army far 
tvjenly-eight Days, -which will aft (ftneunt to the Half 
if what may make u.s fidr^^ andit imfa^h frr meto 
tonddfamd unto i for the tiarftrntn mu/i be allettid i s. 
6d. per J)i£m, the Fact-SuldifTs ii. and ti>t Oncers tw» 
Parts of their full Jtfea/ty; liiherefore I fitail humkly 
dejire your Lordjhips la ht pleafedto ^vi Orders for 
fi^t^ient Maintenance whlU tee hear farther Jhm ihf 
Committee of both Kingdemi : In doing thereifym JhaS' 
fUrtber oblige me, and, tfiafi under my Cmanand^to un~ ■ 
dergo any thing that may hefi candace t» tbe GaffJ of the 
Public Strmce. 

Your LonUbips hunib^t ^ervaM^ 

.«^s.'^ ' DAVID LEa:EY. 

Jem. 7. The Copiinom fent up a Meflagc to 
aduatnt the Lords with the following Exapuna/ian. 
taken by a Committee of their Houfe, concerning 
fame Plots intended to have been executed upon 
the King's Coming t;o Lentftn ^ in which it was xe- 
jfilvcd to fccure the City, the Tower, and the 
Parliansent before they meddled' with any ^ivate 
BuTinefs. , 

A-Ex.mlMil<n **•••, Being examined failh, ' That 
*.k-neoiicecnin| ' hc heard Prince Rtipert,_ with many others, 
• Plot w ke ( fwear,,That if his UiwJe could but get into ^fn- 
KH^AwuMceme* i^nr* though but With 30oMeni befote they Itad 
wL-Dkon, » been 


»/ E N G L A N n laj 

f.^entbero thrw Hours )ie fliould l»ve }000, ciT.b 
? 3<JP0, ahd 3poo to that j and that he himfelf . ''*^' 

* would cut all the Throats of the Kound-Hcati iZ^T^ 
« Rogues that fit i« the ParlUment. J»**ff» 

That prince jZw^<rt fiud. His Uncle had many 
f Friends in Lstubn wtuch durft sot ihew thent- 
■ lelvcs ; but wbcd kis Uncle ci^aie they would, 

* and thtm he dH a9t doubt but to »a|ce gpod «ll 
f tltcir Lotfes ; and Prince Mturia confirmed aii4 
5 ^tieed to tktelb liipwches of his Brother. t>y ntaay 

* Osths. 

' And^tsthefiaamiuwt^mulymWegosA 

* to be moft true upen his Oath. 

* And this ExaisijuBt (artlier fajth. That all 

* tbe Refomiadoes boing atxiut to guard his M^ 

* jefty's Pcrfcui on New Year's £ve, at Nighty il 
f wag soiled that bia Majefty would'go to to Larf 
t <te the next Morituig, whether the Ltttin front 
^ the Parliament cafne or not upon this there was 

* a Bufll* ik Oxfmi w piovicie to go immediately ^ 

* vA th^t it woe the gcixni Voice, that theic • 

* Pjirty is fe gTctt here, as they have Ai&rancc 

* ^mtha(^ vHta cotae from LsmdoK^^y without . 

* Interruption, that^'if his MaicAy come, they 

* fiiall eafily dcftrpy tKe City \^ tM Parliament, 

* and take all to themfelves : And fbat upon the 

* Stop of his M^efty's Coming, tbe next Day it 
( Was ordered. That ^1 the Troopers IhouU ([uar- 
f terin and about OiFj!!>r^aj>b4i'Fre»-Qiiarter for 3 

* Fortnight, becaufe they {wpcfl .to come away 

* before that Time.* ' - 

* It h obfervaWc, TM the Proof of this Plot 
reited upon the Credit of one Jingle Witnefs with- 
out a Name i Aiid when it is ^fo femembercd that 

kBout this Tiaii: Prince Ruptrl wzs in Dffgrace 
«(ith the King, thete feems fyete Reafon to ap- " 
prchcad. That this Plot was oiiy a Contrivance' 
ef the Jndependant Party, i^hofc Views were in' 
conliftent with any Peace at all ; and were appre- 
benGve that the lUng^ Perfbual Treaty with the 
** ' ■ 4 * .parliament 


20+ TSf Parliafoerttary Hist our 

An. II cir. I. Parliament might create too good an UnderftaiKt' 
. . '^^' . ing between them. 

' AI! this Time the Parliament's laft Aiifwer to 

the King was ftaid frrim fending away, for Want 

TbeAnrwettD of the Scats Commiflioners Confent to it. The 

theKini'iMtf-Paflagc they objefted to, with their ReaTons for lb 

ber x6ih ind"'* '''^'"S* *« have already given: However, it was 

agth, •• fettled at laft agreed, that the Members of both Houfes, 

ijr the Patiia- ^)io were of the- Committee of both Kingdoms, 

sJw cw^'if- fliou'd liave Power to fettle this Matter with the 

Jwoen. ScBtSy and alter the Sentence objeSed to as they 

thought fit : But,- not before this Day, Jan, 13, 

was the Litter agreed to and Jigned by all Parties, 

in which the Paffage objeifled to was altered thus : 

Thet Propofitions from bath Ktngdims were fpeed'Uy 

ta be feat ta year Majiftj^ which' we conceive to be 

the enty JVay -far ebtaining an happy and tueli" 

grounded P^ce ; and your Majefty's jtffint untf 

thafe Propolitiona will be an effe^ual Mean! for 

giving SatisfaSimt and Security it yvur Kingdsmi : 

Inftead of^ That PropofitionS from both Kingdomi 

Wire fpeedily to he ftnt to your Maje/iy ; which being 

affmted unto by your Majefty^ will be the otlif Means 

whereby yau can give Satisfa^iott and Security to your 


It is obfervaUe here, that though Mr. Rvfinuorth 
gives us all the MeJJages from the King, with the 
:Aitfwers from both Houfes, yet he takes no Notice 
of the fever^ Altercations between the Parliament 
. ' and the Scots CommiHioners j the latter of whom' ■ 
feemed to hiave exprefled moil Regard to the King's 

' The Siege of Neuiari ftill continuing, the Lords 
received a Letter this Day from the CommilHoners 
lent down into th&fe Quarters, recommending an 
inclofed Petition to them, to their fcrious Conlidera- ~ 
aon : which, fince it fully and {)athetica]ly exprefles 
the Miferies of the Country in the Neighbourhood 
«i NewarLii too material to be omitted. 


' 4^ E M O L A N D. 205 


Tt thi itight Mm. the Committee tf Lords . "**• . . 
and CoMUONSi ]im»^f 

the Humble Petition rf" the JnhahitaMti of that 
Part' ef the County e/ Nottingham fying m the 
North Si'flt Trent, 

' TT HAT we did of late, by an humble PtH- * "^i^ ^"^ 

* X tisn, prefent unto your HotHMrs the Pay- ji^JJ'''fc^ 

* m«iits find SuAtrings of this County by Occalton fonh'tiieDAitb 

* of this prefent War t which, within three Years "f *« c»»*^' 
" laft, did amount to abdve a Million of Mone^, 

- * whereof we did xccount the Charge of this pre- 

* fern Scatt Army to be but 200,000 /. which iio#, 
y upon^xamination by your Honours Diredion, 

* -will appear to be 261,189/. 71. id. notwithibind- 
' ine divers whole Towns, and many other parti- 
^ ciJar Perfons, bWe not brought in their BIIU 
■* touching the fame. We did with the lefs Grief 

* undergo the grievous Prcllurcs of the Sceis Army, 

* in a comfortable Hope that your Hoiwurs Coming 

* into thefe Parts would afford us a fpeedy Relief; 
'* tieingiully -peifuadcd then as' we are mil, that 

* that Army was not invited, or drawn hither, initi 
'.any Intent to be our irreparable Ruin. 

* Notwithftanding our humble Kepreientation, 

* and your Honours Accefs to it, wp yet un- 

* derfland not any Bare \ but find this Part of the 
< County ftill diurged with an A^clTm^nt of 15007. 

" weekly, bcfides, for the moft Part, free- Quarter '' ■ ■ 

* to all Officers and lifted Soldiers^ and for all ■ ... ^ 

* other Men, Women, and Boys depending on, or ■ 

■ i fliadowing themfcives under, that Army; and ' ', 

* that wtuch is Worft of all is, the Tyranny and . . , 

f Evils, incident to free QMrter in the-bieft-govern- 

* ed Armies. K that 250^/. withthe Charge of 
f the free Quarter, fhall fttlt conttue, itcannot be 
■ lefs, in our Opinions, than '5060/. weekly* 
*->whk^ muft be borne fay two Parts- in three of 


46* ^&e Pa^i^Htefkary HtBTiikr 

4k«.*iC*k.t. « ifi Half af this County, by rcafon of untenanteJ 
k. '*** . * Qrauivis; vidPUcw vifitod wiA the Sklcntji, 
J -iTijj * This being our 64 wd iwajenubie Condiiibn, 

* ,bringing upoji Us prefent and apparent Deflruc- 

* fioa,ve(>aceiborehwniily«T««vLeavete>reCtiR: 
' ' * dw £utw to Totir Honikin Goodrtctfi arid gfeat 

* Wildoms ; IJefeeching your Hflitoyrs Con£deri- 

* tion and prefent Relief, without which, thefe Af- 

* fdBnents scai free Quarters ftill contfiiufng irpori 
*■ oi, it will inevitjiUy fallar# tbat, is i. third FaVt 
■ ofdiii Caaaty is ali'«a<ty defert^f uvi every Day' 
•■ ethers art conttatall^ naris^ ftttr P)act», and 

* coftTqring whatGdods they can >Way^ the fixall 
*■ RenuflMlerTtliat cannot^o lheltk«,inuflbitn'aB 

* tht Buiden ; or, finkiac tuidri' itj will bedriVeni 

* tnrrttStnt& dA their £ftatit3 tD 4m MerCy of thS 
*- Ansy^and be forced to be?. ban them g^ParttO'- 
< keep iheMifrlwi and Fafnila fiom periflung.' ' 

. Befiare the Patiiament'a laft ^tf^^mr oould get ttt 
die IkiBg'i Hatidst bi» Ma^efly hoid di^atehed aaow 
^KT X«Mrr tot thcm^ which wu read in the Htuilk 
of LorJs, tiaia D^ 3^<». i6, a* fbitaWs : 

. Fflxthc ScKAKiit of the Bouft of Pi^EKS ^r> 
7fvif)fr!(,.ap4)eccnnniuiucatad to tbe nm Houfe* 
of Parliament at IF^fimn/hr, Aid' the Goaunif^ 
fiuczl tf ihe f aiiiamc«c of £<wkK/. 


BUT* tbtt Ibffo «r* Ttwlit lukartiii futii^ iX 
„ Jfongt^ it uifff a r*My rnudf « h Htarvtlled 

^Tj". >!, * "^^ J*"^' **^ **•'' unprnraUtUJcng Drttm 
befon'faB nceiT- (wn qf lUt Mi^jt'i TrW^ett /mlvtitk hit gracing 
'"* «!;' f "t^- MelUge of tit -idii rf pegember V. ?««« 
SX'iMilfl. *«»£ th «.|( ««*;W? »/ '*. *»«t*" -Mwjiiy* Per- 
fonal Tieuy th» MtMs pvrftfut hr it. And it^ 
liter* almtji as pmt a Won^, n>at hi$ Ilt^f\ 
fituid bt ft letig. frtm tn^ring fftir tt, if ^t tit 
hmrly Mxj^Sattm ihirtrf had m0 nftmi Meafurt 


/ENGLANtt. iaf 

frn'ttfiid hU Impatiait. But UJibit Ai^f^iylUt*^*;^^^ 
4tHt Silmty fifou^ aiJUlim binjtlf ./ CanUffiuft in . '"«■ . 
tb^fubichjimiuketntemt thtGtU rfmilhitPtffJk, }mmir% 
9je thinks it high Time tt etiguirt afltr hisJtU Trim' 
ptttr : tor finn 9II Afetty wit prettnd any GttAufi, 
im^ difltt P«acc, and that sU Mtn intw Tfeatiw '<# 
^tbtiffi ami ti^ft U/ri^iait IFay ta prstipr it » mi 
tbert hang mi iittit ^i/ian that hit Mtgefiy't p^^ital 
^re^na in it is the Uitliffi ffay U hrimg it Ha hf^ 
IJptt, he Judges there mu/l he feme ^ranp Vmietf if 
JecidmtsvihithtamfeththismtfitedittisDtl^: fntft- 
ftrt his Me^*flf earnefiif d^es f hope a J^df 
Autunt »f hit ftmur Meflage, the Suift^i vAtrt' 
wfit Peace, and the Jiitans bit perfival Prejimtt «t 
Weftminfter j vahtru the Gwermunt rf the Chunk 
being fettkd cs- it M» in t^ Tunes s/tkt haffy aiti 
gUrieas Reigruaf ^etn ElizabeA aid Kirfg Jaam^ 
aad full lihtrty fir the Eefr tf their C»n»- 
Jitemxi who wUl tut temmawaHe in that Ser~ 
tite eJtabUflied by Lav^ and Uktwife fir the fir* 
wHd fuhlk Vfi if tie Pireaor; (pr^inted^ and^ 
, ifCmmmd^m tiu» ibufiitf Parliamemtnm 
jpraiJi/ed 19 Jim ParU ^ &e C%y London; ft 
Jiiek Of JMl df^* t» mfi Ae fimM; ondM Fercei 
hmg agreed U b* difiandgd^ his Majejhf wtU tim 
firiwitb {ai he hath ifi hit Meilige ef. the 291k 
»f Docca^i^ Uift airtadj tiered) jttu with iif > 

twt Hmfis »f ParliamtMt in fitHii^ fimt f^^ 
fir the Payment *f the PuUie Debts H kis Sc«« 
Subjtiit, the City tf London, and ethers. Arii hif 
M^eOy having preptfid a fair H^ay fir the fittJii^ 
^ the Militia, whieh, xmv, hy this Itag Dehy^ 
ftvm mt tt he theugbt /indent Seturity, its M^ 
jeflj (ta fitew hew really he will empioy ^mfilf tit 
hit Cmi^ te Wefimiafler fir mailing this a lafir- 
ing P«ftce, and taldag away all "JealtufHt, ivm 
■groemdUfs feever) wtU endtavtitrt apen Dthatt 
with his tv/o Heufis, f) to difpefi tf it, at Hktwifi. 
^the B^nefi of Ireland, at may give ta them uid 
koth Kingdoms juji Satisfaifion ; not dtubting ttlfi 
htst to give good Contentment to bis iv,o Houfes ^ 


, 2o8 7he Pi^Ua^enim-j H i s t o R y 

An. ,1 On. I. ParJiammi, in the CMee. ef thi Lari-AdmrMt ^i 

.. *'' f Offiurs of State, and others, if his Uvo Houfes^ 

Iwuxj, h *^'"~ ready Inclindtiani to PeacCj Jhall give him 

Encouragement thereunto: 
' 7hus his M^efiy having Idien Occafian, by his ju/i 

Impatience, fo to explain his Intentions that no Alati 
tan doiiit if a happy IJJiie to this fucceeding Treaty 5 
if now there jhall he fo much as a Delay to the fame, jfe 
ialls God and the World to witnefs who they are that 
not only hinder, but reje£t 'this Kingdom's future Hap- 
pinefs ! It being fo much the fir anger, that his Majefiy't 
Coming to Wcftminftcr (which was the firfi greatejl 
pretence far tating up Arms) Jhould bt fo much as 
delayed, much left net accepted or refufed. But bh 
'Majefiy hopes thai God will-no hnger ft^ffer the Malice 
'■^wicked Men to hinder the Peace of this toe-mueb 

Given at the Court xtOx/erdi ttre ijtlr of ya^ 
nuary, i64<i. 

^be Lords ordered that this i^iffagt ffiot^d be 
Mttimtinicatnt to the Houfe of Commons and tbe 
't9fM^ Contihiflionera, as foon as poffible.' - 
TbeCtToftoQ-- The fame Day the Lord Major, Aldermen- of 
dnpcmiimfor Landon, i^x. prrfehled a Petition to the Lmrds^ 
SSchStS-'^Po^'ng* That they defi red a fpeei^ Settlement 
CoTtnunnt. of Church-Governmctit might be ordained in the 
■City, -for. the fuppreiEng of all private Meetings 
■<ift- the Lord's Day,-which were multiplied to fudi 
a Height, that there were no le& than oleven in 
olteRjrift: That there were Inftances of Women- 
■Pi'eachers in thefc Meetings, and of new and 
itrange Doctrines and Blafphemies vented in them; 
Vhcrcby they faid, the godly Orthodox Miniftei^ 
were neglefled and contemned as if they were anti- 
«hriltian, and afted as under the Tyranny of a 
'Prelacical Government, 6ff. The Lords gave 
them fc-ong Affuranges of their firm Attachment 
W Prefbytery, according to their Covenant, and of 
their beft Endeavours to anfwcr the Deltres of the 



-,. . «r E KG JU A N Q; , sop 

; ^ag. -17. An OrtliniMft k/r cXit^'t^ ^d -etff :M>jbiCv^ 

Qjefcoi), flgK^ed io. . 3"l>e Earl* <)f.J^^,«atf "j^J^'^ 
Livrkft .ap(d *^ ,I^,^fiff-Ji, -only diiCwt^g.i ifc»*t *^"^ 

for t^c Speaker of, ?))c H.t>)*l«,of,Pifc¥R4^ 

;of P^rHamcnt jit _^ifi^^«r, 4Ad.tnc,jCoiB(RXf' 


TfiS Majtjy thmki mt -fit now iti uHjivrrihoff AaoAatJtca^ 
^*- Afptrfiom ■oihtch art TiivrntijK Ar^ttmtnts ftr ^"^ "^^^^^t 
iit Nan-admUlanee^ to Weftminfter/er ft ftt(<fn»\ in"*,^ a^* 
Treaty, h'eantfi k jvoi^^' injfiref a StyU -not Jiikable \9tilbitf^tmu, 
■U. hit End, it ^tirtg'Af ^cace 9/thtJi 'mifirmt Kh^' 
Mmt: Tn thvs tliuih he'tmtKi'hiit pTfivfhiifeieba 
havt fint iimthis fMiia, Tiai'ifthty-hittieerl/i^eH- 
ed <whift thty ^ad'^riti- JAfmfitvet i^ eteafieniii^ i^ 
■fieMng if-fi ' muAinniitTtt 'Bhod-, -hy •n/iibdr-diidr^ 
■thmfiH/aJfmtBtiP-Biify t^ fnmin'a ^rfti when,^ 
hadgranttifa much to hit Suhjeilt,andi>i-vhl^tf 
fht known Lawt of the Kinghm ts^dripu an ixorbitflnt 
rfwer it'themfthts ever^i^'F^no^^^jv^i'\ttJa;f 
tw msrt, tt dc sr thty l^vt _ ^ni) ihij iiraMii^M^ 
given ftnhafhlftiiharelier i^'his^nJtjij'i'AfHmt': 
fPTterefare hit Maje/fj mtifi ti»W nrmvmbtr fhkin,-that 
having, finu Hau^t before hit receiving of ih'ir Pz^^ 
'^th^iph,BfjB\\ary;^la?,^t{>er't^^^ei»l!^ ' 
af ^- ixiy-, ivheritn, ty divert Phrtieiildr'ii'-hi in- 
largeth himfelf to Jhew the Reality of huEn^O' 
vmn far Peace by hit dejired Pcrfonal Treaty,' -^ '.'\"'""''\ 
vMeh he fiill etncftvef to be the /iiel/efl Wp\ tj ^iain,' ',•'■'"'■' '"-'. 

to.thatliejjid End, hi t^iih &: y' m'm(' 


210 ^ Parliatnentofy "Hi S-TOHY 

An. % t Car. I. fdge, te call f iff an Anfwer is thdt, oHi indtid U eJ^ 

^ '**'■ ; . the farmer ; for certain^ no ratimal Man can ibiai 

IiauR. ^^'"' ^ft Paper can bt. any Anfwer tehis formtr D*~ 

mands, the Scape of it being, that becaufe thtrt is a War, 

therefore there Jhould be ne Treaty for Peace, A>td 

Ji it pejjible to ixpeH that the Propofitions mentioned 

flmddbe the Groundt of a lofting Peace, vahen the Per-- 

fans that fend them wilt not endure t* hear their own 

' Kingfpeai f But whettver the Succefs hath been efhis 

Ai^^j" I former Mdlages, ■ er how /mall foever his 

Hopes are efa better, conftdering the high Strain af 

tbofe who deal with his Maj^y^ jet he viill neither 

liiant fatherly Bowels te his S^ijeiis In general, nor 

will he forget that God hath appointed him for their 

King, with whom he treats : If^'herefore he new de- 

numds a ^edy Anrwn /« Ui lafi and ftrmef • 


i. -. ■ ; .. : Given, atflur Cquit-at Oxan^ this J7th ofju- 

noary, 1645. :. 

,1.'.!.: The Lords cwdered that this Letter ihould b^ 

.comiTuinicated as before. The Commons fent up a 
Meflage the falnie Day, to defira the Lords to agree, 
.th«t this Letter might be referred to the Committee 
of both Kingdoms, toconJiderofit and draw up/aH 
^i^ioer, with the Advice of th^ &cots. Commiffionere* 
.for the Vindication, of Uie iVli^mcjlts of both 

. 7d)i. 2S. A Meffiige was broudit froiq the Hou& 
of Commons \yjiAt,NitkoUf ana others, who pre- 
.fented to their LordQiips the following Letter k- 
JAting to the taking oiDartmmth : 

For the Honourable Wuxiam LBNTHAtt, £fi)i 
. Speaker of the Honourable t^oufi: of ComnuMU. 

J>ti.R>iUNA'i SIR, 

Letter naners- 

1?t^S^.jT limit. mf.f,il,,lf^n«M,a,^^T«- 

Bit n«aiuFab- ' den ; for tv^ have been up all Night, and Tqingr 

, **■» Wir nat yet in a fettkd Condition. In /^ former 



e/ E N G L AN a an 

Letten / acquainted ytu hnu th* Ar^ vxt tagged *■• *' °*' *■■ 

^rfore Dartmouth, « Plact efat greats ifn4l grtatrr, . *^' „ ,, 

Cenct?Hmtnt than Exeter. , It rtpiirtJ fimt few jMMiy. 

Days Time to bt tharoughly informed of tht State 

tftbe Toum, after which tt wai unanimoufty refolvitl 

tejierm thefamt \ far we find mere Loft of Ate* bf 

Uttgering Sitget than byfudden Stortni. Every Com- 

m^mder vkit allotted te his Pifi, and ibey as faithfidfy 

mid valiantly performed their Dutin } every Man 

gaining the Command »f every Fo»t or Plate U bit 

Lot, with all tht Ordnana, Arms^ and Ammunition. 

Tie Storm began alxrul One o'Cloci this Aforningt 
After the Enemy had difcharged their Cannon enee^ our 
Men 'got under the Shot, pojjijjid the Cannon, and 
' tmtud them againJI the Enemy ; for We had no Pieces 
■at at! of our own, the fVeathtr net adudtting airy 
to be brought, Afier the Line was dearedt and 
fime Wvrks taienj we beame Mafttri of the tvh«lt 
Tovnii and then of Tonftall -Church, Mount-Fl»- 
gon, Faradife Fort, and the Old C^le^ m which 
•Gafile arrfive great Iron Guns which commanded the 
.Ancwri In the Storm enr Mtn ftjfejfed thtmfeives of 
^buH'do Pieces of Onbiance. 

The tw» great Ports are not ytt taken, being a Miti 
from -the Twm^ but if they accept not jf Quarter while 
they nay have it, in tht Opiidm of the General^ Lieu- 
teWnt-General, and Commanders, we may reduce tbtm 
by Force in forty-eight Hours ; and batter them jn 
Pieces with tbar own Great Gum, vdiitb we haoe 
taken in the Tnim, enewbereaf is a Braft Denry 

■> Truly I never fno Men fall tn mere ebearfvSy tmd 
merrily. Mr. Dell and Mr. Peters preached ttitto 
them, and put much Life into them i and God was 
tuonderfuliy merciful to us, for we had hut ene JUasi 
fitin and but ffw wotmded, though the Forts played 
mofifitrafyon the-Soldiers. ,.: 

The Commanders and Forces that were engaged in 

the Storm were Qol. Hapritnond and his Regi/nent ; 

Col. hasnbert and his Reginunl i Col. FortcKue flW 

hii Pegiment ; Lieut. Col. Pride with Col. Harley** 

O 2 Reginunt j 


iat.*tCuX JtegUnenl; atnl a good P^ty tui .%f ihe Gtntrttfl 
^ • ''*^' . ; amlGM.\na>]A\>y's R^gimetdi, ami, lafiiy, 200 Sea'i 
Imiuij. men /md fim Ursgeiirurs ; anJ Ae»gh the Toaati tvat 
tnttrtd ihus hy Sum, yttvtry Utile Frtjaidictfi^ 
Mtnt to tte Ttumjmtn, 'At Satdstn img -far- 
tfftOlilioKid htjottd ExpeSatim. They gntwAi^a tif^ 
tUthey^*aimt-lktRiewardpmmftdat BiiSuAtafintf 
^t^froviff-fiytn Pitud^ttg, wbish ^City ^iTint im 
fe*llhe4*^an^'PUmdtrfiirtht'tr Unthatiifalm^s frf 
ihtgrtat-^aonut'iHuy f»Md from the jifmy. 

ihtr PrnttnaMTt'tbe iH9ufe\xulii-fiidtiii^ rntwi an 

itbaik^afid G§d vmiderfidlyta bUfsthe Amrfin 
^■SMeditimfi far We&; not eaiy ttjiatUr tit 
Enent/tKirJe,iut ta hinder ihe Rdief mtndtd frr 
Exenri 4md imtrrt^d, -nay fuiie hnit, tieyttif^ 
G*ntra^tno (a) ia Hi new Ltvim rtStvedViy- 
fiwutl), iwd i^ferctd Ae.EtuBtfintt Cmnwid) s luktt- 
ing a Forc^fafideitt ta b^iegt £xctcr. If the Jn^ 
had ftrmerfy^advanctd^ hioimgthat Cityibibrfi^td^a$ 
it vm n^'.dejiredi 1 thixk ti^Seraice vtaiSd nttimft 
been ef fa much Advantage w the taimg it ihit 
Siaf*^- tf^iiji yet iaW Commeuden that arefidth- 
fid, if fm'tt let them put their Def^ in Bmacmtin 
tobiM tiiirMva Otttvemtueeandyu^Jtuni Uod'Atm ft 
it, Ihepe you vmU hasm no Caufe ta rtptnt k; iiMtth 

y^ new ibi Enimy heatt a Parley in -the twe 
peat Ptpttffo^m rmy it trgiased mt xan htvnth^m 
en any Terms. The General fint the Camptif^itr'M 
^tmt^ Hm' two Meii rf ff^r in lb* Himr, <o*r 
yieidied immtdiatflyi tie arte vmi' Cttpt. Jobiiftltils 
&)ip ^•'UtiH'^.^SiAy efievBieiet ^■OrdHaue.i.dt 
Mber ^fi/iartem Pittesef Ordntotcty ■Mopging ta tit 
eeryernor ^.^itzAa^^. hi TQufttll-Church W 
iaak 120 Prifantrsj absM 400 mtrt n tit Tmm 

-' (-1 Tfcc Spate nt JTatti ) who W, tl^ Ym, beta iMoioMd 
^entfri of ill tbt Klioi*! Fgiitt In JB'X''>^> 'M ilfo ef the ffV?" 


af K N. G L A N D. sij 

Youc »oft humHe SoranV jmm^ 

'^j^y-^ ^ JO. RUSHVrORTH. 

A Oa]F of Thankrgiving, wu oidcsed. bjr botU 
i^oufe* for tlus t^ewu 

Jan. 2p A £««(r fnni Geaenl falrfax vtii 
grdmrntgd. to the Lords and' read, coaoiniajr fome 
father ParticulaFii relating to the ^tomudg ot 
. Dar/mMth, dated Jm. io. This Mr. Jijijiwortlt 
Im inliutsd ih: his CaliiStuut to wiiicb therdbrewe 
leier (0),; Bt4) «, he hu only ^erein p^intcd^a 
ttflftfeiUiafl^ itain fas. owii* we have given it ac 
large as entered at tha .^nalf Jeurtials j, and it ap- 
jfearr hj thofe of the iCfuvo^ru, that the MeJIenger. 
vrtw braugbt it had x Reward of 20 /. for his Pains. 
TliB Cftttr ftam the General was fent up by tlie 
An*ua M^ Pa4rt, one of his Cha[)lains^ 
who ac<{uainwd their LordQiipS with the feveral 
Providences of God to the Army ; as likewilK witK 

?ie prefeot Condition of the Eneanry and what 
rifoaers they had t2ken at Dartmetm-: And that 
there were Endeavonn^ to carry the> Pooce. beyond 
the Sea ; as alfo pf the A^ivity and Uni^ of (be . 
Army undbr ZirTfrontas Tairflut^ He lilcemfe pro^ 
feilted to the Houfe diveu Cotours of Hbiie taken 
g/t S^nj-Trae^, and others taken in Dartmouth : 
XPop^ AUer-S tone and a Mafs^Bo^ric, and!fe- 
ir«%li Papers and Letters taken in the Gbvemo^ 
■6tu(^f: That two of the PnTonen, c/ia tfle 
^ari of i^u^wl and Mi. Denbam, Son t9' the fate 
tUron Denbaax, who had been ferviceable to 
^c General in gaining of the Forts vvhich- hd'd 
out at Dartmouth, after the Town was' taken-, 
■•van ienc up, upoa' their Parole to- render them- 
fAvei Priibneta irUhin ten Days ; And further, 
ftuCf by Cooimand of the General and Council of 
Vfaii w WK conunanded to req,ue£l:,. that thf 
O 3 4ni;y 

1 (f) VtiVlpig*. 


*I4 ^f ParUamerUary History 

Aiu » 1 1^. J. Army mtj^t be forthwith recruited, and the Cloatb*. 

. ' *^' , that arc proVvled fpeeded to them, they having yet 

jnuutv received none of them. Hereupon, 

, . Both Houfea ordered a Lttier to be fcnt to Sill 

CtaeHirtcifa^^^""'' ^^'U""! '*• take Notice of his great Scr- 

sreit Acknow- viccs, and of fais Expfeflioiis and AfFefiions ; and 

{^"H^fiT"" ^° acquaint him what Eftccm the Houfes had of 

'^ " them; and what they had done in Conftderacion <^ 


The Commons referred it to the Committee of 

' the Army, to confidcr how i^e 5000/. per Atmi^ny 

Land of Inheritance, by fbnner Vate ordered to be. 

beftowed ujjon Sir Tbmat Fairfax General, may 

be fpeedily fettled upon him and his Hein forever, 

and he be put into the prefent Pofleffion of it ; and 

that the Committee do bring in anOrt^'iMW to this 

purpofe with all convenient Speed. 

It was alfo referred to the Committee of the Weft, 
to take Confideration of Mr. Pettrs, for his prelent 
Charge and Necellities, and for a certain future 
Sublinance, in fome convenient Proportion con-> 
fiderabic to his Services and ASeftions {a], 

Lititri from the Englijh CommiiEoners reading 
in the Scats Army before Newark -were read ; but 
^ they give no Account of the Progress of the Siege^ 

ana are only on the Provifions afTefTed by their 
Warrants, and brought in from all the neighbour- 
ing Counties, for the Support of the Scots Army. 

yon. 24. The Committee of both Kingdoms 
ficquainted the Lords, that one firom Onfird inform* 
ed them. That he heard there the Kingfliould tell 
the yunii that he would come to Lmdm, ifhe was " 
fure to be fljdt to Death ii foon as he came there. 
But no further Notice ia tal;en of this extraordinanr 
piece of Intelligence. 

ya». 36. Another Letter from the King was 

this Day'prefentcd to the Houfe, and read. It was 

a fmthei 

(a) Mr.tTii'tlaltirtti'iu.ThttMt.Prttuhii lOoL f"' Aaam 

fcttltdoohim and hit Han, out ef Hie E»rl of «V(^n-'. Eflite. 

Put it apptan, hjr the ynrBali,V> bivc beja too/, out of his Sna'ti 


of ENGL AN D. 215 

t further ^eply to die Kriiamentf and was at Aa.9»Cir.i.' 

, followsc t '^' . • 

Fertile Sps A KER of the Houre of Peirs ^» 
Tan^i, to be communicated to the two ^ouCes 
of Parliament ztWtftnanfttry ^a& to the Conunif^ 
fioners of the Parliament of Scotland, 

fr'HE prtcuring Peace to tbtfi JSngdtms ifThtlOtt'tM;^ 
* Treaty isfi muh dtfirtd by bis Majefy, that wfe' J'^^i* 
i«^ Jfpirfiem vihatfiitvtr, er any othtr DifcaKraie-]^ ^.,^^ 
maUtt flkdlmake him de0fram doing his Endeavour Jim. 13. 
Atrtin, until hi Jhalifet it altogether iri^ojJ3>lt : And 
Airtftrt he hath thought fitting fa far mty to make 1U~ 
ply to that Paper er Anfwer vihieh hi bath received'^ 
the i2tbef this In/lant January, as may taHeawof 
tbo/e OtjeSions which are made agaitift his Maytflfs 
Cmhtg to Weftminftcr, expelting Jlill an Aniwer la ■ 
hi MelTages of the 1 5/A andvj^h, which be hopes ij ■ 
tbii Time have begotten better Toeughts and Rejobttigiis 
in the Me^ert of both Houfes. And, 

Firft, Tberefire^ whereas in the [aid lafi Paper it' 
it objeSed as an Impediment to his Maje/l/i Perfonal 
Treaty, That much innocent Blood hath' been ^d in 
ibis W'ar by his Majefly't Commiffions, &c. t}»s he will 
not now di/pute, (it being apparent to all the Jf^rld by 
wham that Bland hath been/pill) but rather prejfeth 
that there Jhauld be no more ; and, to thai End only hi 
hath dtfiredtbis Perfonal Treaty, as judging it the 
snejl immediate Means to abeli/hji mairfhtrridConfu-' 
fions in all his Kingdoms, And it is no Argument U 
Jay, That there )>all be no fuch Perfonal Treaty , 
. iieauf* ihtre have been Wars, it being a ftrong 
Inducement to have Jucb a Treaty to ppt an End tt ' 
the War. : • 

Secondly, That there Jhould be no fuck PerTonal 
Treaty, becoufe fame of his Irifli SuhjeSft have re* 
faired to his AJfiJiance in it^feenu an Argument idto~ 
geiher as flrange at the vther ; ' as always urging 
ffwr there &ould bt ni Phyfsck bttmfc the Party if 


2.56. 72i? PofUmejitay His t oiR v 

Ar^ U-C^ U jM >. Ani: in thit Paaitflwit hxth Vttn efim't^r-i. 
. '^ ''- vtiunta thtm, That ihofi wham thty call Irifli,, mhtt- 

w«v iW«rd,/<iJ' tbf m»fi Pert, ta^ifb Ftettflont's. 
tlua- hM iwwt farwi&ly fern inta Ireland bf the twa 
Uimjiti in^ie0ii&*aied to fiiTf there atrfhn^r by tie 
NegleU eftboff thai fint them thitbcTy vha ^uld tl/ere 
have better provided far them. And fir any, foreign 
forces; it it tea apparent that thetf- Armiee bJce 
..foMrimdw^ihi/niiyU/kin kit JHajt^ bath had/eurr- 
UWMV ■ ' 

' " . . 5W fht- Prinae ir !» lie fAad of an- jfi-wf. in thr 
W-^,iMtihat thtft etrtdivtrtGiirtij»»f:JliU kept iit 
hit Ji^^'f Ohediehctt and that tbert ofetFerterJar 
SodtLandr O-aii^BeaDrntuh eanfr^df aithe^asytt- 
i^etv-iineY^taae^i, and therefwe it is d^id thais, Ma 
fifc^ a P^rfonal Treaty,, alfthefe iapedimMtt may Be. 
' r-^mvedii Aad' it it liot ha-e dudfi ta fat t^nrik- 
Mindi,' benii, kiigftm^, his. Maj^;^- did preji. a -^H^ 
iaf^ftg: ^ aii Farat. on both' Sides^ At Refi^^ 
Huhereef hath imi- the Caufe afiiiy OijeSion. Amk 
pthtroof- BiMeptim ii taien^ That thert is a Time Uenit- 
4i ifi: (j^*'Prop6filiony&r hit A£ejtfiy'i PcrTonal Treaw 
M, Ihtrntfion inftrringy. that- he Jbould again, return » 
JtMilky,;' hit Majefij prot^t^^ thai bt fnit At* 
TrtJiy- A iivoidfutttre- J^Hity, and ta-praeare a lafi~ 
ittg' Pfiace i and if ke sok meet v/iA Hie hKlinxttioar 
t»:Pi»Ctiirtki^ OS d^es;t» treat- with, ht wHl brififf 
Jiieh AfftOiaat and Rxfaltathns in himfilfat fhaU end all 
tbifi iOAipf^ andHoaefyDifireneei. 

At- fir theft Engagements. w^ekf^sMiae^ lath 
dtftreSfer hit Seaerisy \ nAefagOer- JhtiiL call to Mind, 
iar particuliir Oceafsejo. that te^arced- hfs JUaje^ to. 
ifoVp hit Citp of hoti^oa and Weftminfler, tuHt 
judge hif Demand very reafinahle and neeeffary. far 
kitSt^if/y, But bt tio^ way eonceiveih hatb tht Lord 
^taytr^ Allitrnien, Cvmmari-SoaiKil, and AiiHtia af 
tioadonj vitre litixr fubjeii or fithrdinate to. that 
Aiaharity whith-it alleged, "i htovAng neither Law 
mr FtvUvUl fir fi-'i an^ if the tw^. Ainties be, £» 
, . . , btlifves 


^ B M G I. A N D. iff 

UtiilM it: isnan tA«i am iff f»tiraHeUJ in l^ mij/ih- Ak..MCu.l4 
mr Tiibn in tiiit Kitigdam. Nor tan.bis Mof^.taif ^ '^♦*' . 
th^andbmi bis' Majtfift fteHag-tf a Pfrfmal Stctu- r^„f^ 
rifytM kf anf. Bna^ «/* PtiviUgt ; it being iHara 
likely to he infrmgcd h^ linderijig. bit M^efiy Jnm 
coming freely to his Puio Houfes. 

As fir tht ObjtHimu, Tbtit bit Majefy smiitid tf 
yiAMAM theftt^t^ ReiigiiH^ mdftairhig tht Pegu ef 
kis native ^v^^j hii Miijefy Jtelarit^ That bttaif 
fint: SutiPrtbarbtMir Salisfiiaimt be again eMprtf" 
^b thatit toasy and ever fiali be^lath bit Mtaning ani 
jflndeatiaiif iit this. "Treaty f. difired; and ii/tant fix 
Arm very dear ibiU tbtre is m Watffer afinat. Mndit^ 
«lf jGwJ Difihiaiarir at a^tif. tdit Kingdomy btH eitht 
by Trtaty «r CeU^^-, tht latter ef which his JUoftfi* 
bapes none nnU kav» Ike htpudtnce or Impiety ta wifii 
Jmr .- Jnd fm Aep^rr, if his Perfonal A^euen. m 
it: be lutthe m^ Sit^- Way^, iit any re^enable Man 
^pu^ti ashn^ fy that AAaitty rat asly all nnr.a:eSBy 
Delays vtiti be Temned\f. buie^^imihe gret^fi Digiadf 
tin madii ee^y: And iherefere he deth nna again ear^ 
neflly in/t/i upon that PrapoAtioDy exfefUng M Anu « 
Setter AfllWr tip§n mature C<Bifidevatien. And can 
itba itmiginedt^any Propofitionsi will be/ire^e^mi^ 
bangfirmfd before a Pecfoiul Xreatji, atfncb at an 
fronted and preptanded upen a fidl I>ebata en. beth 
Sides ? /fhenfsre: his. J^yiefty^ leba it. mefi eenttmed ' . 

BkihiGioA ff his Piapie, and if tm^ dtfirnrteer^- 
fiare Peaoe and Happirt^i to, ha three JSngAxtf 
difh agim it^antfy da^ra ate Anfwer At his Jmd 
pmaier Me^^os, p wbick be. balb- bittirta Ktmff* 

GUmuataur Cotlrt »t Onx, tHc %^ d J^ 
KUOKyi, i6^s* 

. Jam, vp. CuenripeiPs Command ia ^ Armja, m Qn Crom«reU'^ 
tieuleaant-Gcueial af the BocSt. under Sir fiemai CnmnuJ in its 
*»V>fr having bttn!polQasf4 6xm Timn tof^^*^ 


»i? 77>e ParUameftia'y "His^roitr 

AB.>tCtr.L Time, this Day an Ordinarue was anie for aiiit^ 

. "♦i" , fis Months more to his Commiffion, at the Expin- 

jMWim ''°'* °^ '■^^ prefcnt ; from which Time we da not- 

find that he ever gave himfelf the Trouble to apply 

for any farther Le^e ofhtsPowcr. 

la um p ie i iM- The Lards yeuTnalt informs us. That feveral 
*J^ J*'*'^" Papers relating to ,the ASsitg of trelatiiy had been 
,„a^,", yjjp. lately tranfmittcd to Parliament; from whence it 
liiHoDi in In- appeared to both Houfes, That the King, by the 
J?^i'*j*^°" Mean! of Lord Herbin,bad entered into « NeprtJa- 
* tion with the Rebels in that Kingdcnni for Winging 
over 10,000 of them to his Affiftance, in reducing 
the Parliament of England. This Nobleman was 
the eldeft Son and Heirapparent of the Marquis oC 
JVarctfter \ and though he is ftiled in the JmrnaU 
only LokI Hirhtru yet the King addrefTed bis Let- 
ters to him, in the Life-time of his Father, as Ear! of 
~Glamsrgan\ which Title he ufually bore, there now 
. Remaining in the Signet-Office a Bill under the 
Soyat Sign Manual at Oxfsrd, (if a Patent did hot 
pafs the Great Seal thereupon) for his being created 
Earl of Glamorgan, and Baron Beaufort of Ceidecat- 
CafiU, in the County of Manmauth. 

In order to account how the Houfes got infoPoft 
ieffion of Pipers of fuch Con&quence, it will bb 
neceflary to remember That, in Jutf this Year, the 
Town of SUgB yas taken by the Englip, and x 
Garrilbn placed there. In Odlatrr following the 
Jrifi) endeavoured to retalce it, hut were defeated in 
that Attempt, and drove back with great Execu- 
tion. ' Amongft the Slain was the A'Chbifhop a£ 
Tudniy the Rebels Prefident ofConnaugbt, and one 
of their fupremc Council of Kiiiennj^ who attended 
their Army at this Time to viCt his Diocefe, and~ 
to execute an Older for the Arrears of b^ Bilhop- 
rick. Amongft his Baggage were found i-Buli 
of the Pop^s, and ilevera^ Letters between him and 
his Agents from Reme, Paris, ife. with a Cop^ 
9f ccnativ.Aiticl«s of Agieonei^ betwfcn the- 


0/ E N G L A N D. jj, 

Earl of Glanurgan and fomc of the chief Rebeli An. n Car. I. 
touchiqg Clergy-Livings, together with die Earl's '^i' . 
Oath relating to it. jinuwj. 

Thcfe Papers were printed by Order of ParlJa-' ■ . 
ment, and demand our Notice ; as the Difcovery 
and Seizure of them gave Occaflon to many very 
remarkable Votfft Orders, and MtJJagts. They 
were publlftcd under this Title, The Eurl of Gla- 
morgan's Negstiatiom and ahurable Cotmnitment iii 
Ireland dtmanjirattd ; tfr, tbt Irifh Plot^ &c. 

When, the forementioned Negotiation came to be 
known, the Earl oS • Glamtrgan was committed to ' 

Prifon by the Lord Dighj, one of the principal Se- 
cretaries of State, then in IreUiKi, who wrote the 
following Account of it to Secretary Nitheks : 

My good Brother, 
y O U will rtceiva hy this DiJ^ch a partiadar Ac- Lorf' l^bj-i 
■* taunt, frtm my Lard- Lieutenant., sftht Statt of the l*"" *« Stn*. 
Treaty>«, and af thafe Canditians upon which Aej^S^ 
was hopeful fuddinly ta have included fuch a Peace at 
would have affardid his Majefly pewtrful and timelj 
didsfram this Kingdom, had not the unfortunate Mad-' 
nifs (for / can give it na athef Name) af nvf Lord a/ 
G]amotg!U\,- and the nice//ary Praceedings ihereupan, 
taji all Things back into a Po/iure at uncerlaiH and 
mart dangerous than ever. Tou viill receive fram my 
Lord-Lieutenant and the Cauncil here, a punilual Rj- 
latian af the Matter af Fait ; and it is referred to mt 
to convey unto you, and by you to his Mojefly, the Cir~ 
(um^a^ces and Reafeni of the whole Proceeding agaitt/I 
^s Lardfliip, 

About ten Daysjince, Matters aflhe Ttejity grotv~ 
ing near ta a Conclujian, and in Confidince thereof 
Preparations being madt by my Lord if GJamorgaji 
land the In(h, as they ajfured us, for the fpeidj 
fending' over of -y^QO Men far the Belief of CatSitrt 
which were to be made up lo,o6o before thi Begtn- 
ffng of March, it was thought neceffarj thafvjt ■ 
■' " fiml4 


220 Ithe Parihirhentaty His-ToitY 

1. »i Cm. I, Jhauld: confer with the find Earl ef Glamorgan and 
2f*^[ , fiiht af tbtYiiOiCimKiffimeri.; to the tnd ihal^ htfare 
jiim— m-f Lord-L'teutenOnt's final Conftntio tht Artlelti tfihf 
^^' Trcity, (A« Suflwfi of the Kin^t Sufipfy mtgbt be rM~ 
dkced'Jram'D'tfcaurft a a Certainly mddhtihd itf 
thi m»ft' advantageaut ffay fur hirSet^t : Ti whidk 
Mnd (wt littieJu/^eiiitrgjiiH what taat fimt difiiraa^ 
ed) thtfiifd Sort of Glamorgan, and fmt of ttt 
Kiffl ConamJJiintri then at Kilfeenity, vitrt eamtfthf 
invited hither^ Both lly tity Lerd-Laeutenantimd nrffi^. 
Upon Monday bft^ the Day hefiri the faid Earl of 
Glamorgan was eirpeffed in TowHy my Lerd'Eieti- 
tenani ricelvei out ofMu North, froman hoiee/taHd 
wiU-afe£tid Perfen, tfk Copy, which itfixtyau of^ 
X'ar/ ^/'Glamorgan's Articles andOut^f withthetvt* 
federate CathotictyjS'r'ed tb boot Bern fiwtdm' Alt 
titular Sijbop of Tuam's Faciei, iilieXin Oaober 
iajl at Sligo, Atfr^ the Thin^ appearedjo in^jHU, 
tSat we ihere. apt to think it a Forgery and PUt rf dSt 
Parliamentary ReBeH a^aii^tke KiMg\ "101 eor^der-r 
ing the Circunt^sncei, FbrniaUtitSy md PmtityiiStiet 
teereofj, we grevj to c^prebend fottsra^jat mre- oftSit 
Xfaiter; and'y fion a^tr, a fican^ and tkird Cipj ^ 

tBtJame coming to other Perfinfy eiit wttb haxatt M 
lie Effeii of this incited, it was then tbvug&t) Btg/i 
Tinnta taietSe Bu/meJsiniamoreferioiisCoi^tderviiafn 
Which being dene by ne/. Zan^Lieutmant and M "~ 
t^ed iy feme of the wiM "^ heft affiaei Pi 

Which being dona iy m/. lard-Lietitmant and i<*^^ 
t^ed iy feme of tba wijefi' cad befl affiaei PirfSo 
aerty vit fien ceruludid'y That if thejt TTnngr wtn . 

fnce-pi^i%ed, and'tiat thr) cdii/4 te believed to be- dour 
by. his Mi^piy^s Jutbarilyy they could have no kfsfkUd 
enE¥ea-tban to mate all Men, fo- beUevii^ conc&oSt 
all tot fomia^ Scandals cafi. upon bit Jl^sfefy, oflBt 
inciiii^ ihis. Iiilh Rebellioit, true : That br XOM at 
Pafiff thti^^gnei to introduce P^ery^tfUniyWim 
tbt- tjtajf unrnxi ^ perfidious: and, confefftnit^ 
thai, thve would' be a g)»tral Revolt fhm him if' 
e/H-gptd^ti^aitf viffh ^btrti thit Ofimnctitl^'tah 

"^- ■- ■ ■ -m 


morgan** Partt-sni ■k^ imp^ffiU -aJmefi . it w« T^^T * 
fir MiK/ Man-tthfi ittad^ m U ^nter iaa/ud ^ - ■'•^^ 
4grt»mtnt, witi»tt Pwtrtfptm bUfl^ajtfif, «W 
«£rv -to*^ ^fW JEm/- ^^prn»l JtOhtrilj vttchtd 
in ihe Artieits iimfiivei, u» jlid a^ andu^ ^JChat 
fr^ad^-^ ^rtaltji 'Eml *fth« IVirU, vihe kai ^it 
miur KnanttdgM if his Mmj^/lf thtm ly ntvsard ^^ 
fMnmuSj tamiditjitve this tt be tnu j and lit ac- 
0nEag tothm Btii^, Mniefi his M^tfij w^rtfuddttdf 
m>i-*tmMntfy^nMtaUi)h^ theft wht might ji^j fr" 
tadliiww'hiuhtfl, . T^m thirGnmiifl it loajalfi 
mubided.hy lu, that kfs-lhitn en ArMfi^ eftht Beti 
^ Glknarmm,K^0fi Svfpidtm nfHigh Trtafen, cfuld 
mtt ii -a Viiidieatitn of hii Ma/f^y tminttit or latd 

■ tmigb; and tbat this Part emiditat prsptriy, tar 
tffi^laaSy, it pttfermtd if any ttiw Ptrftn then m- 
f^^ hm in Ttgardefmj Plaet end-Trtifis ntarUs 

pr H>em*^ Part, thrM^^ Hands .' .'STiet latUtut- 
td-Ut JIAf^abtuHhtl^eftie Datusfhis Jt&~ 
}t/ift prHtiidtdCtmmffimi : That fin(t that Ttmt i 
iady if -iit M^^'AC^mmlndtwrtttaitii the IriAi 
£amtmalt/^tfft^c M tht-Jflid £,arrt TranfaOiant : 
ufe^ it^t in rtgtrd lard-Limttnam^^ 
uAaK ^bnmife his Mtji^yit Vi»dicati»n in thit 
jEnd mighl fr^er^-haVf Mong^d, was grntraiff 
■tldai^Htin Kmiarthify co^iemdand abtftd in iht.A^U 
ttr^im^tafe ibtr* weft awy fmk fiatt ^Aittherity ^vt» 
if hit M^ejiy H tht SwltfG\m»T^a. 

■ 9iii hang iw unanimiul yMfgrntnt -^ ulmt 
Wmp>tt ht.d»nu aad ij vnktm, tit -ttuy ^*f' 
■film Vha rmimning was u the Point 4f Timt'i 
in -vidS ne -wire ^fo afOpiaian, TTiat ^ it «wv 
■deftrrei tiiitit Bt^imfiy gtWnng psdiUei »htrwifif 
>buU ^egin to work its Mifihitf, hisMaJtfi/i Vi«di~ ■ 
atim'vMild kft much ef its Farett andbe iheught ra^ 
•fhr ttppUtdta tbi Jfitofiitfthtm tt^ lafi*tyjftif 

thing I 


22 7b^ ParJiamekit»^ HisTORr 

I Ctr. I. thing ; md rather ta thi pernieitus EfftSsi ibmi 
'*?• -, U tht detiflahU Caujt^itfelf: Natwithjiandtng, I tm^i 
MMT^ conftfs unts ytu, that the GenJideratioH of frttfirating 
the Supplies sf 3000 Men which were Jo sanjidtntly. 
affirmed ta be in Readiiuftftr iht Relief of Cbdixr, in 
cafe the Condition of that Place eould rut hear the De- 
Ifff which this might eccafion, wreught in us a very 
great Sufpen&an ofjudgmeatj whether the ProceeSngt 
"g'i'fft "9' £>''</ j/" Glamorgan Jhotdinot keforbomt 
till that fo necejjarj Supply were feM away. But the 
Cafe being mere_^rt£lly examintdy wefiuni, iirft, Tbat^ 
by the lard of Ghmorgin's Oath, the Forces were tm 
U be haxarded till his Mi^efty'i Pwfanmmce tfthefmd 
Marts- Cmditltni. And, idly, ^at the fatd Sunply 
was never intended hy my hard e/'GUmorgan and the 
Irith, till the jtrticles of Peace were conjknttdloi 
whiih the Lard- Lieutenant durfl in no wife da, itnth- 
wrf <* preceding Vindication of the King's Honour, fmtt 
this Tranfaftion of my Lord of Glamorgan's wot 
Jtnown unto him, end knnvnto be known antthimf hy 
thefe who wanted neither Art nor Ma&ce to maie Ufi 
efit. 'So that, the tiece^ary Forbearance to tmcmdo 
the Treaty fruftraUng as muei the Relief of Chdter 
as the fudden and vigorous •Proceediiigs agatu^ mj 
Lord of Glamoi^n couid da, our Rtfoteitions £d 
in the End, determine itpni that Cuerfe j aihen^ at 
the Jnftant, to rettaveMll OhjeBions, Jufirmation vat 
ireught us. That the Thing was already fublu 
thtoughtul the Town, and began to ii)ork fueh ddngtr^ 
ius Effort as, in 'truth, ■ I do mt beluvt that 
■my Lard-LitutenOHt, nOi^ atty if £&« King's fmihfsd 
• Servants, eeuld have been many Haters f^e in At 
Delay if this his Mcjefty's and their Vhdteatian: 
If'hieh has mw been fa jeafonmhly applied,' at that it 
hath wrought hete not only a gentral SetttfaSim 
in all moderate Men, but even fiich a- Comtrfimt 
in many tefs well-incliiud, shot iuhereasy b^trt, m 
Peace with the IruFb, even upon thofe mttavUdaUa 
Com^tions upon which my Lord- Lieutenant mmfi 
Utieids within few Dajs 'have, eonHud»d h, .wouU 


2/ E N G'L A ND. 223 

hardly bavt been puhUJhed in thii Place w'tthatlt *"'*g^"**' 
viry much Danger^ Men's Minds are fi Jeeured and • 

fettUd by this Pneiiding^ as that I biiieve the Peace fmuij. 
new would be embraced upon thofe, and periapt uptn 
harder 7ermt^ withaut much Mutiny er Repining. 

Thit being fi, our thief remaining Fe^ it, left 
what has heen dene agalnji my Lord of Glamorgan 
fhstddfafar ineenfe the Irifb, as to drive them tf 
fitdden Extremes ; Tilings here, en hit Majtftft 
Part being in fo ill a Candstien to enter again upon 
a If en: Unta this Danger the beft Preventitivtt we 
could think of art appHid; thit inclofed Letter, 
written ta my LardefMuikeny by my Lord-Lieu- 
iexemt ; ^t Perfont emphytd ta Kilkenny, to acquaint 
3hem with iM lU^ims md Nertmtiti ef ibis 
Proceeding I and, lajlly, the Articles ef Peace 
fent unto them, with my Lor^- Lieutenant's Affent j 
in the very Terms propofed and ficquieUed in by them- 
Jilvetin the iaft Refultt of, this long Treaty j which, 
in all Probability, will have oHe of thefe mo Effe£Uy 
either to mate then} conclude a Peace, not^ithfland- ' 
ifig this intervening'. Accidenl, whereby Chisfter may 
be fpeidlly relieved, and his Maje/fy further fup^ 
_pliedthit Spring; or mate it break fo foully on their 
.Side, at ta ^vide from them the moft cmfiierabU af 
then- Party. 

, Whatever the Event be, my Lord- Lieutenant and 
,1 /hall ctnfort ourfehes with this Satisfaiiiani that 
we have dene what belonged to Men ef Honour, 
faithful te their King and to their Religion, and at 
wifely as ours and our . heft Friends Vnderftanding 
could dire^ us ; leaving the reft U God Almighty, 
wham we befeeeh to direil his Maje/ly te that Ceurfe 
herein en his Port, which may be iterrejpandent ta 
ear faithful Endeavours -f and that hevHllilefs them 
with, as good Eff'eSts upon the Minds of' all hmeft 
.Men towards his Maj^y's Vindicatian in that King- 
flam, as ' I make »o DoUbt but what we have dene 
ynili have in this, when feconded and purfued by 
fhoff further Dlre^ions. from his Majefty, which / 
■ dm Jure his nun Wtfdom and princely Indignation 

., Google 

224 'The ' ParliammfMy tl-i s T (> n y 

M. %i qw. I. fa Jl^ his HmoWy Confiience, and Pf<ty, tkusjnfa^ 
. ' ^^' . •moujly traduai^ ivill diSiate unU tim, mtheut jCrntr 
Juwui- AdvUefrtm^ 



P..S. thelitvejou vHB bt es muchjlartledmlwas^ 
te find tbt Si^ei miHtiened in my Lord ^GJamor-- 
^an's Tranfa^hnt j but it feerra that was miftaken^ 
find that he newpretfnds tt/ame Kind ef yfuthoritf, un- 
der the Kin^s Pociit StU}, V!hi(h / certainly. keUffQi n 
hfas/Mlfemlinau the other. 

Soon after the JEarl of GJamar^im's Commitment, 
he wrote the following Letter to bis Lady pn ttun 
OccaGoii ; " 

My deorrit Heart, 

TbiEwiofGU. fHope ih^ewiH pr^ent any News iii%iih JiAB cerm 
iMl*a'itoUt ' wnta.ym if me, jince my Commitmetit to the Coflle 
•**! jgfI)ilUjO( ff whUhfJ q^jdre thee, I went ds chear-. 

/uitf andas.viBngly as they CBuld-wiJh, whafover Aey 
^ert-, iy.uibtlfe Meant it-was prscured', ^ijhei^ai farih were the Gates both of the Cofih 
and Town open unto me, until I tyire efear'/d,Miit)ey, 
^MTt tuillag.ti^neie me unferviceabU to.the iCihg^_jani 
Jtfy-mea^t luha have procured far me this S^rditU. 
tfiiJt I ee^^der -thee a IVomofi, as I thini I inew yen 
art^.lfear ^Ji you-Jhauld be appreherlfrve j but UflftM I 
rtfieS thai yffti are fihe'HouJe^iioTaoniy Mtiba 

fK were otice pleafid to ftq thefe Words unio «!e,'^lat . 
fliould 'Oeveri in Tendcmefs of you, ddiRfroM 
idoiag what in Honour I was obliged to do, tgrt^ 
.anient that in this yau will now JheW ysur ;Ma- 
■mBimily; end, by il, the gteaUflTeflimny tf J^c- 
tian. that ytu can poj^ly afford me : And am af» 
aafdeat that you invui me fa' well, that I rttid nfft 
t9 teU you haw clear I am, anJvotd of Fear, ■At. ot^ 
£ffe^ if a good Confci'enu; and tf^ 'I am giiUty Jf 
mtthitig that may tefiify ant iTbeughi ^^ Difeyahy » 


ef ENG LAND. 225 

'ihMajifify pr what may ftmn tht I^new ef the A*.«iC«.l. 
Family I ctmt of, or fit a Brand i^oa, mr fuhtre ^ ''*^' 
Ptftmty. Couragty Wf Heart ! viert I amengft j^„, 
the King's Enemies yni might fear j iut being bttly 
a Prifmer aiMngft hit Friends and faithful Suh- 
JtSs:, you need deuit nothing but that this Cltud 
' tmll be faeu di^ipated by the Sunjhine of the King my 
Mafier ; and did you but inaw how well and merry 
lam, you would be as little troubled as myfelf %uh« 
bave.natbiag that can ^iit me, but left your Ap- 
frehfnjuns might hurt you ; efpecialfy fmct all ait 
vjhile I could ■ get no Opfartumty of fending^ Hor yet 
by any certain probable Means, but by my Coufin 
Bruerton, Mr, Mannerlng's, our Coufin Conftable ' 
of^e Caflle, and my Lord-Lieutenanfs Leave ; And 
. I hope you and I fiall live to acknowledge our Obli- 
gation to ihe]p, there being nothing in this World that 
I dtfire- more, than you fiould at leafl hear from 
me: And believe it, Sweet-Heart, Were I before the 
' Parliament in London, I could jufiify both the King 
endvtjfelf in what I home done: And fo I pray ac- 
quaint my Father^ who, Unetu, is jo cautious that '' 
he would hardly accept a Letter from me \ but yet I 
prefume humbly to ask his Bleffingi, and as heartily I 
find mine to pretty Mall ; and I hope this Day ar To- ■ 
morrow will fit a Period to my Bufinefs, to'thf Shame 
of tbo/e who have been the Occajioners of it. But I 
mufi heeds fay, from- my Lord-LieuteHant and tht 
Privy-ComKtlhere, 1 have received as much fufHee^ 
Noblenefs, and Favour, as I could pojjibly expe^,' 
77ie Circun^arices oftbefi Proceedings are toe long to 
write uhto you ; but I am confident all will prove 
to my greater Honour i and my Right HonoureUe 
Acatfer, my Lord Digby, w\ll be at lafl Testified, 
and confirmed in the good Opinion which he is pleafid 
to fay he ever had of me hitherto, and as the greatejt 
' A0£iion be eVer had, to do what his Confdence 
inforeed him to; and indeed did wrap up the 
httter Pill of tht Impeachment of Sufpicitn of High 
Treafon in fi good Words, as that I fwallowed It 
with the greaXift Eafe in theJVorld; and it hath 
hitherto had no other Operation, than that it bath 
Vol. XIV. ■ P •■'■purged , 


Tie ParMamttitry HUTony 

fed MtJaatUfy ifir atIw4tfM Bt ihi_ 
tuaj tUJmaftiy fi have I netj^e keen vty waj at 

I Ctf.l. pkr^ Mdaaehv^ifir at I wA net at ihtfrtfilf 
'**S- tan tuaj tUJmaftiy fi have I netj^e keen vty waj ai 
mS S^ArttBtd : So i pray kl ntt «»/ of my frwiAi 

, that's there, htUeve sttf Thtng untU yt have the pet- 

feR RelatitH if it feim mjfttf. jM thii t^Mf»^ t 
tMtfif uaie unta jou^ ia whtn / rttnain a wtfl 
&ithjul -mi m»/l t^^nmte^ Avtieel Htifimiti met 

Rmetnher Ay Servtet If ay Brelitr^ mf Giefil 
6»wn, and the refi gfa^ geed FritH^i 

Many Expreffions in tbc fbregolng l^ttert fe^n to 
vs of K> great Confequencc ta dot to. be bridged 
Vtebnt Injury ; but, for Brevity's $^1ce, we Iiave 
CMitenKd (Hirtelvet with an AblvaA of the odier 
J*aperif as beii^ mere Matter (^ Form j and this 
^ rather, bccaufe they are all pcint^ at 1;|^^ v^ 
■^ CeSeOims «f the Tiqiea (a). 

* In the Beginning of the Eari of Qiemet^H'i • 

iTreatu he Jets forth the Authority gnyited hrai, Iw 

AUbiai (ffathtT-tiiB Klngi uador bis Signatura H°y^ tQ treat with 

» itaU^aSl. ^^'^ couMftate Ktrnian OatbolidM in i-fip< en 

>ft. fuch MattoH «s tjhe Lortt-Lieutfnan^ ^nnot at 

prcTem be baa in* a^ n9t fit for his Ma^^ ;^ prfr' 

lent to own ^b)icUy i wherefore be V9fi ^ a^ 

with all mA^T^ Secrecy : But whatever- h#. eQUgjCs 

fm, the Kiiffi ptomifes, oo the Word of a ICiifg 

and a Chriftian, to r^tiiy. DfCed ff()fo O^/w^ 

' The foilowiog JrtUkt were agreed^ 4*t&ifi ?5« 
1645, betWTcn the EaiJ of Gkmta^4(tn^ io l^^hatf 
^tus Majefty and his Succelliius, and the Vi^^nint 
^mnt^rrtt,X.<:itA Prefident of the Supreme Qoun' 
cil of the CoafedeFUe Cacbolid^i and the oth^r 

I. * T^ut ^he Reman Religioi^ Qiould be pib- 

* lickly fK^r^ifed in IreianA. 

1. * That the I^oaun Catho}ic» enj^ all the 

* 'Churches tbcy -have ppifefled ^t aQy Time luwe 

* OHeheri^j 164;. 

a- ' That 

M Bit/hnuU, Tii. U. ;. ;!* ; Rofiimrtb, V»l. VI. p.. tjS^ 


tf. E^IVGi,AKO. 


■ «f tfielpBOteflant Clcr|}i,. and not reolgfted for ^ *^\ f 
' the Exerci^ of tbejr J^t^ipfiSMn ov«r theif Ca- Jumij, 
tkoBck. Flockf . 

4. * iTjbat an A£l be p^fcd ia IrtlanJ to repeal 
aU Laws, and taA:e oiF all Jhcapoctties and Penal- 
ties, made againft Roman' Catholicks j lb that 
thev DoC Onljr enjoy the free Exercife of thur 
Religion, but be capable of all public Tiufts> 

5. » 'I*hat neither the Marquis «£ Ormmdy or 
any future Lord-Lteutenant, give tbcin any Dif- 
tivbance. ■ ' 

i. * The Ear) engages th« King's Royal Word 

to confirm all thefe Artic]c|. 
9. * The CominiffioRers iball engage the Pub- 
lic Faith of the Kingdoin to fend io,Qoo Men, 
uader thieEarl, to fuM his Majelly.' 
* Other Articles were alio figned, wbereio the 
£arl of GlvergtM covenanta, ' That the Roman 
Cubolick Clergy Oiall for ever hold all fuch 
Lands, Toneiaents, Tythe^ and Hereditaineau, 
by them rofpe^ivcly enjoyed witiiia Inland lince 
OUtbtr 23, 1641 ; and all other Lands and Emo- 
luments belonging to the Clergy in that King- 
(l«m,cMher tban liw^ ^ ju'e a^ativ enjojod jiy 
tiic ftoteftant. Clergy : ..AiuJ the Lords Afc*»K 
garrttaxiA ^ii^ffrj-jandthc reft of the Council, 
grant* on Behalf of the confederate Catholiclu, 
that twa Parts in th^e at thetc Emoluments 
grantedto the Clergy, be ^^iplicd fiir three Yean 
to the Ufc of the Anny ip his Majefty's Service, 
and only; one third Part referved for the Ufe of 
the Clerey^ The Lkf DUpcfition to be renewed 
by the V^tEv, from three Yfeurs to three Years, 
during the War/ 

About the Time dib of the before-ntentto^edi 
Battle of 5£^A, Jabn BeJUifl Riimcani, the Pope's 
Nuncio, »d Archbifbop of Femu, artive4- in the 
River of Kilmatt, in a Frigate of ^weijty^op* 
Guna, with twenty-lix UoLant of his Retiauci 
befides lUgular and Secular Priefts ; bringing, as 
was „£ud» oeiides Apoftolical Beoedi&ioi^} fo^u' 
Pa ' Arms, 


«28 The ParUamintary misttfRt 

Aa.'iiCir.l. Arms, Ammunition, and Spani/b Gol4. Irt ac^ 
, .'^^''' . knowlcdgment whereof, the Supreme Catholiclc 
jaaunTj Council made an Addreis to the Pope, yan.- 7, 
rendering him their humble Thanks for lending 
them fo illufbious a Kuncioj ivhom they receive 
with the highcft Jo^, efpecially informing them 
of his Holinefs's A9e£tionto them and their Caufe; 
hoping that, by the Support of his Benediction, 
Counfel and Afliftance, the -Catholick Religion 
may be reftored in Ireland^ ■ ' ■ 

The King, in order to vindicate Hm(yf fnnti 
fo high a Charge as feemed to arife againfl him 
from the foregoing- Papers, fcnt another Meffege 
to the Parliament, which waa read in the Houfe of 
Lords the 51ft of this Month; and in which were 
contained other Propofals for Peace, as foUows : 

•For the S p E A K E R of the Hoyfe of Peers .pn 
Tempore, to be communicated to the two Houfes 
of Parliament at Wejiminfter^ and the Commil^ 
iionersof the Parliament' of ^criZmu/.- ■ - " 

CHARLES' R. '.."'. 

ThtKJBt'f y y/^ Majejlj hamng)ncnvtd Infumuitintf JHm 

MdTite ID Vio-l ^^ the Lerd-Lieuienant and Cauncil in Ireland, 
d^tionofhim- yj^ /iif Earl sf Glamorsan A<ttA, vAih'eut hU or 

Idf I Willi 6r-l , . r.. „. -' n - ■ I- I ■ ■■ IT- 

AetPropotbof '*n'' ■0»r*S;«ii or Fntittf, enured inta a 1 teaty 
P»«« vaith fame CotmniJ}iontrs"vf the ^ Roman Cathoticl 

Party then, and alfa drdicn up and agreed unto cer- 
tain Articles with the faiJ. Catramffionerj, highly de- 
rogatery to his Majejiy s Honour and Royal Dignity^ 
end mofl injudicial unto th^ Prctejhmt Religion 
and Church there /ji Ireland,- Tf^htrtupen the faid 
Earl of Glamorgan is arrejied, upon Sufpicion 
if High Treafon, and imprijined by the fsld Lord^. 
Lieutenant and Council^ at the Inftance and by the 
Impeachment ef the Lord Digby, vJhi (by reafrn of 
hit Place and former Employment in theft Affairs) 
doth itfi inew heUi contrary that Proceeding tf the 
faid Earl bath been to his; Majefty's Intentions and 
VireSianSy <md vihtt great Prejudltt it might -bring 


«^ E N G L A N D. ia^ 

IB his J^iiir^y if thafi Pracu£n£t »f tht Earl ef An. mi Cu. r. 
Glaroorfan Jhudd ht atiy Ways ipidtrftatd U have . '^ S' 
hm doiu by the Dirt^em, Liiing, *r JfpnAatiut ef tJL,"'^ 
Hi Majefly : , - ^"^^' 

His Mi^tfty having, in his firmer Meflages f&r a 
Perfonal Treaty, affered tt give Cantentment tt bit 
true Hotifes in the Bufine/s ef IreUnd, halh nam 
thaught ftttingt the better ta Jhrw his /aid Haufts 
ef Parliament and the re/i af his Su^eils in all his 
Kingdoms, ta fend this Declaration to Ins fold 
Houfes, eentainsng the •wbali Trsith af the Bnfintfs j 
veinch is. 

That the J'or/ «/" Glamorgan having made Offer 
mnta him ta raife Fanes in tie Kingdom a/'Ireland, 
end to tenduS them into England far bis Majeftfs 
Service, had a CammiJJion to that Purfafe, and ta 
that Purfafe anly : 

7hm he had no Ca/nmiJJion at all ta treat of any 
^ng elfe, without the Privity and Directions of the 
Lord- Lieutenant ; much left fa capilulale ahy thing 
tomerrting Religion^ ar any Praperty belonging either to 
Church or Laity : 

That it dearly appears by the Lord- Lieutenant's 
Preeeedings with the /aid Earl, that be bad no Netiee 
at all af what the faid Earl had treated and pretended 
to have capitulated with the Iri(h> kr/iV, iy Accident^ 
it came ta his Knawledge. 

And bis M^efty doth pretefy That, until, fucb 
Tsme he had Advertifement that the Per/en of the /aid 
£«r/e/" Glamorgan was arrefted and refrained, as 
is above/aid, he never beard, nor had any Kind of No- 
tiie, that the faid Earl bad entered into any Kind af 
Treaty or Capitulation with thofe Iiilh Commijpmers ; 
muth lefs that be had eoncluded or figned thafi Articles 
ft deftru£live bath ta Church and State, and fo repug- 
nant ta his Me^efifs puhlick Prefe^ns, and knmm 

And for the further findicatian af bis Majefy's 
Hanour and Integrity herein, be doth declare. That 
^ is fa far fram conjidering any Thing contained in 


aj* The Pariiamentary H i s T o R T 

L».T<Cir.I. ibife Papers 9r Writimgs froTotd hy tkt /aid ^er 
. ''*^ ^ , aidtbofe Commipoturt v/Ub uihem ht trtaUd, « *• 
Tinuiy. 4''^ abfalufily afievaw him therein j and hetb givtM 
Commandment to tie Lcrd- Lieutenant end tie Cttinat 
there, ie prsceed agalnft the Jaid Earl, as out vAt^ 
iither tut of FalfeHifi^ Prefumptien, cr FqUj, hatbf* 
h^narded the Bumijhing of bit Majejlys Keputatim 
with his goad Subjeas, end fi impertinently framed 
thafe ArtieUt if his awn Heedt^ without the CtnfenI, 
Privity^ or Direilians of hii Aiajefly ar the Loret'^ 
Lieutenants, er eay ff bis Majejiy's Cauneil thtrie. 
But true it is that, for the v'eceffary Prefervatien cf 
bis MajeJ/s Protiftant Ssihftm in IrelaQd, whefi 
Cafe vjai daily re^efented unto him ts ie fo defperote^ 
bis Majejly had given Commiffun to the Lard-Lieu- 
tenant to treat and condudefuRi a Peace there, as might 
ie for the Safely of the Crown, the Prejervatioi eftbt 
Protejlant R^ligtatt, and no way dirogaUry to his anat 
ilonour and public Prafefjiant. ' 

But to the end that his Majejh's real Intentioni in 
this Bufintfs of Ireland mey be the raeri tleerfy itoder- 
Jioody Old la give mare ample SatisfaSien to hath 
Haufes ofParlianunt and the Commoners at tie Par^ ' 
liament af Scotland, effecially cencerning hts Majefi/t 
ttot being engaged in any Peace ar Agreement tliirt j 
be dtth difire, if the two Haufes fiaU refahe ta odmH 
tf bis Majefiy s Repair to London far a Perfoiul 
Treaty, as ives formerly prtpafed, tbat fptidy Nelicg 
tbertof be given to his Majefty, and a Pefs ar Sefi- 
Candu£i with a Blani fiat, for a Mtj^ger U be im- 
mtdiattly di/patthed inte Ireland, ta prevent airf Jtd- 
deht that may happen ta hinder his Aiajefiy's Refalutun 
ef leaving the Managing ^ the Bufsmfs of Ireland 
wholly la the two Houfes, and ta mate na Peace thert 
but with their Confint ; which, in m/1 it fiiaU pleaft 
Gadta blefs his Endeavours in the Treaty with Slu- 
tefs, bii Majejly deth htrtby engage himplfto do. 

And far ajurthtr BttpUmatian tfhis Moje/ly'i /»- 
tentimi in bis former Mellagcs, be doth aew declart^ 
That if this perfonel Stpair ie IxmdcB, at aforefaid. 


ft/ fi N G I, A N D. 231 

Jbill hi admitttdy and » Peace f&rfn fixU enfutt ^ An. it cw. I. 
will Ihtn Um tht l<fi^>uitm d^ihi Ptrfmt 19 be in~ , '**i- ^ 
trufttd vAth (it Militii, wM/j/ It hii (W9 houfn j ],aidii. 
Viiihfuch Pnoer and Limimitni at are txprejftd in 
fit Piper ddivertd ijt bii Afajffly'i Cei^iJ^ehtri at 
Uxbridge, iht ifb 0/ February, 1644, far tht Ttrfit ' 
ffftvttt fiarij ai hath been d^td^ I4 i'V'" MOSf- 
^iaUlf after tht Ct»eh^ti tf the Peace, tht lUJbandini 
«j^ all F^cet- tn both Sides, md the difmantling ^ tht 
iP^rtifimi eriffed fpue th^ frefent TrtuUet i fi ^'i 
ft the Expiratim of the Time heftrt~jnentiattedt the 
^nver tftbe Militia^j7 etttirefy miert qnd remain 

imd,fir their /iirthtr Securi^s hii Majifiy (thf 
^K»ix fiteteeding) will be ttittent tiat, pro luc vice^ 
fbe tw» fioujetjbali twniaate the Jdmiral, Oncers of 
State, and Jt^es, ta held their Placet during Life % 
tr, qtfaindid fe bene gelleririt, vahich Jhall be be/r 
Hied, It it aicountabU to tftne bift the King and the ttv 
Hiufei of ParUanunt.' 

As ^ Matter if RtUgitn \ hii Majifly detb 
jytthir declare that,' by ihf Liberty tffered in hi^ 
Mefigt eftht Jsihfrefent^ f<"-'ihe Eajeef ^heir CSa, 
feitneei viht will not (ihmuitlfate i^ the' Service alrea^ 
tfiablijhed by ASi of Parliament in tia/t l^ingdam, or 
intends that all ubtr Pntf/^^nte, bfbi^mxj^ Uter^ifvei 
peaceably in an4 tnom-ds tbf. CavU QmerHmentt JhaK 
have the fret Bxtra^ ^ tifir lUJigife^ aecBr£^ tt.^ 
their ttvn ffay. ! ' 

And, far the t'Aal remtving tfaU Fiirt aM "feOr. 
feufits, his Majefty fj, vailing tt agree, ThaSf i^m the, 
fSnulkSan if Peace,- there Jhall be a general A3 if 
ObUvtanandfret Parden fi^edby A£lt tf Parliament 
in hath Bs iCmgdomi r^aiveli). 

And, Uft it Jbotild be imaginid that, in the tnaking 
fh^e Ptopofmoas, hit A^^'s Kingdom afScodini 
fiid kii Subjeas there have been farg^ten or negleiled, 
bit Aiaje/ly deelarei. That what is here mentioned 
ttuehing the M*lm*i andthenmiungtf Officer f ofSfatt 
mtdjudgts, ^all Mitunft extend tt fiit Ki^gdem tf 


132 ^ Parliamentary Hist QRY 

U- *i Cir. L ^mf novj, his Majt/iy' having fa fuQy and cUarfy ' 

'^♦5- txpreffed his Inttntians and Defires of making a happy 

lutinT^ """^ «;«i!/-^r«(»i£frf Peace, i^u^ Perfin fltall diclin* 

jamj. thgt Jtappinefi by eppefing of fa apparetft a Way af 

attaining it, he will Jufficiently dmmftraie to all toe 

World hii Jntentian and Defign can be na ether than the 

total Subverjun and Change af the antient and happy 

Government ef this Kingdom, under which the Englilb 

' Nationhave fa leng flour ijhed. 

Given at the Court at Oxeny the 29th of j^o- 
nwrry, 1645. 

There is a Memarandum entered in the yournalSf . 
of fome Blots that were In the original Mtjfage of 
the King's, now read, and now particularly fpe^ 
cified : However, it was ordered by the Loras, as 
ufual, to be communicated both to the Commons 
and the Beats Commiffioncrs ; but with this Decla- 
ration, That, to prevent all Mifunderflanding, it 
. was to \iZ(iQizT>i^,ThatthefeBkitsv}ereiHthe^n^$ 
Letter, befere it came to tbetr Lardfiiipi. ' They tr- 
dired, alfo, That all the Lords fhould have Notice 
to attend the Houfe on the fecond of next Month, 
to confider of this lafi MeJJage. 

We cannot -avoid remarking upcm this Occasion, 
That Lord Clarendon^ though he mentions the 
State of Ireland in 1641, 2, and 3, yet he takes 
no farther Notice of the Affairs of that Kingdom 
till 1647 ; thus paffing over, in abfolute Silence, 
this (^harge againft the King, in relation to the 
Negotiations of the Earl of Glamargan ; although, 
in the fame Paragraph in which he tells us, ' That 
it cannot be expected, nor did he intend to men- 
tion all the memorable A^ons in Ireland (a), he 
vet gives us Reafon to hope we might have found, ini - 
^is Hiftory, all fuch Tranfai^ons of that Kingdom 
as had immediate Reference to, and Dependence on^ 
itlte DiSrences betwera the King and the two . 
HoufesofPariiamentoffxtf/wi^. AttheiamcTime 


{a) Hifiopr, V«(. 10. Sn Mt. p> 157. . 


{^ENGLAND. 233 . 

htf LonUbip declares himTelf in this ManneccOD- *"• ^I-P*'' '* 
ceioing the Charge in general of the King's favour- . '^^' . 
ing the Rebels in Irtiand, * I cxn aver truly, upon - jumtiyi 

* as good Grounds as ever any Man fpolce the . 

* Heart of another, that the JCing always looked 

* upon it as the mofl groundlefs* bloody, and 

* wiclced Rebellion that ever poflelTed the Spirits 

* of that People ; and was not more grieved at any 

* one Circumllance of the domeftic Diftrai^oni, 

* than as it hindered him from challiflng and ^ak- 

* in Vengeance upon the other, which from his 

* Soul he defired.' But, 

We find the following remarkable Cammijfun 
granted, in 1644, to the Nobleman wbofeNegoua- . 
tion now lies before us: (a) 

Charles, ly the Grace of Gad, King ef England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender afthe 
Faith, Sic. ta tur Right Trufty and Right WeU- 
belnied Coujin Edward Somerfet, aliat Plantage- 
net. Lard Herbct, Barm Beaufort af Caldecot, * 

Grifmond, Chepftow, Ragland, and Gower, 
Earl •/'Glamorgan, Son and Heir apparent of tur 
Entirely helovid Coufia Henry Earl and Marqtut 
«/"Worcefter, greeting, 

' fTAVING had ^>od and long Experience of Ani hii Com. 

Vti your Prowcfs, Prudence, and Fidelity, we"'*™"'*''" 

* do make choice, and bv thefe nominate and ap- ?^ hf iJit"' 

* point you, our Right Trufty and Right Well- , ' ' 
•■ bebved Coufin Edward Somerfet, i^e. to be out 

* Generaliflimo of three Armies, EngS/b, Irifl>, 

* and Feragn, and Admiral of a Fleet at Sea; , 

* with Power to recommend your Lieutenant- 
« General for our Approbation, leaving all other 

* Officers to your own Ele^on and Nomination, 
' and accordingly to receive their Commiflibns 

* from you ; wilting and commanding them, and 
'every of them, you to obey as their General, . 
t and you to receive immediate Orders -frofn our- 
*.felf only. And left,, through Diftance of Place, 

^ we 

(a) CUffai'j Pcmie of ZvsUni, Vol, I. p. 7 j. 


434 ^ ParSamerttery History 

we may be mirinformed, we will and comlBliid 
you to re[rfy unto us. If any of our Orders Ibould ' 
thwart or ninder any of your Defigns fbr ou^ 
Service. And there being great Sums of Money 
neceflary im the carrying on fo chargeable ati 
Employment, which we haVe not to fumifli you 
wichal, we do by thefe impowcr you to contraft 
with any of^tir loving Sublets of BngUmi^ Ire-, 
hndy and I^ominion of fraksj for Wardfliips, 
Cuftoms, Woods, or any our Rights and Prero* 
gativea ; we, by thefe, obliging ourfelvcs, dtir 
Heirs and Succeflbrs, to connrm and nlake good 
the fame accordingly. And for Perfons of Ge~. 
nerofity, for whom Titles of Honotir are mo^ 
defirable, we have entrufted you with fcveral 
Intents under our Great Seal of Saglaiuif from 
a Maiquia to a Baronet* which we give you ful^ 
Fbwer and Authority to date and dilpuft ofa 
Without knowing our further Plcafure } fo great 
is our Truft and Confi/Jence in you, as that 
whatfoever you do contF>£l for or promifot we 
»ill nuke good the fame accordingly, from the 
Date of this our Commiffion forwards j which, 
for their better SatbfaSion, we give you Iieave 
to gire them, or any of them, Copies thereof^ 
zttefted under your Hand and Seal of Anas- 
And (or your own Encouragement, and in To- 
^n of oar Gratitude, we give and allow you 
benceforward fuch Fees, Titles, Prebeminences, 
and Privileges as do and may belong unto your . 
PWe Alii Command , above-mentioned, with. 
A'omife- of our dear Daughter EUxabtth to your 
Son PlanfarentI in Marriage, with three hundre<^ 
thoufand Pounds in Dower or Portion, moft 
Part wherebf we atknowledge fpeht and difbui'- 
fed \yf your Father and you in our Service ^ 
with the Title of Duke of Stmerfet to you and 
joax Heifs Male for evei*. And from hencefor- 
ward to give the Garter to your Arms, and at 
Tour Pleiuurc to paton'the&/af^r9ndhliie R!h- 
DOn i and for your greater Honour, and in Tefti- 
* Ruay 


^ E K G L A K D. t^s 

' notff of our Re^vt we line with oof p9fi'M.tiO*.u 

* Hani sfixed our Oieat Seal of Siqlaml loito ""^ . 

* tbcfe our Commiffion and IfCCter*, tnakiog rtufm " jjm^, 

* Patents. 

JHttufi turfilfai Oxforf, ^Pfi ^ 9^ April, 
in the twinittth Tear of our Reign, and the t'sar 
tf eur Lard On* thtu/and Site httndrtd and 

How far all f:here DtclaivtiMt, Mejages, Letttrtf 
and CeffMn;^» agree with, or contrkdi£t, the in- 
tercepted LetttTi from the King to the Marqau of 
Ormandy as beforp given (o), we prtffume not to 
detennine : However, this Affair occafioned a Van 
of both Houfes, fot appointing the Lord LtJU, eldefi Vom of VA 
Son of the Earl o^ Ltic'efter, and a Member of the J^^'ji^^ 
Commons, to be Lord-Lieutenant-General of Irt- 
fand for one whole Year j that all Treaties with 
the K.ebel^ ip that Kingdom fliould be annul- 
led i that die Profecution of the War againft them 
gould be manag^ by Parliament ; and that no placed there but by their Confent. 

Thus mucn for the Bufinefs of Ireland——' 
Proceed we now with the other Tranfadions of 

The fame Day, yan. 31, the Lord Rehtrti re- 
ported the ESe3 of a Conference lately held wiih 
the Houfe uf Commons, * That they, having re- I.:(tni of Cg«. 
ceived fome Complaints out of the iftrth coDCertiing pi»i»' "jB""* 'k« 
^e Scots Army, had thought fit to acquaint their „^^{jq,|^^ 
LordQups with the fame. Accordingly, Ei^iwl. 

A Letter from the Committee in Cumherland : 
Another to Major Cholmley^ from the Governor 
of CarliJIe: A Third from the Committee at 
Tori: And a Fourth from the Committee refid- 
yig with the Army before Ntmari were read. 
And, firft, the iMttr from tbi Committee in Cum' 


^ tatlatVi>]iisiij.g]teie«> 


236- Tie TarUameiffary His to Ay 

U. aicu. i; TotheHm, William Lentiiall, E^; Sptaht' 
. '**^' . ef the Hm, Hnift of Ctmnfmu in Fariiamtnt,' 
jiZi^ London. 
S I R^ 

* REING well affured that the High Court of 

* ^ Parliament, in any Exigent of DiftrcTs, is as 

* well a fure Sanctuary for the rembtelV as other 

* Parts of this Kingdom, our humble Delire is* 

* That you will be pleafcd.inunediately to repre- 

* fentto the Hon. Houfe of Commons the prefent 

* Condition of this poor Cxhaufted County of Cufli- 

* herland, in thcfe Particulars : 

' That notwithftanding the extreme and excef- 

* live Charge of the late Leaguer at CarliJU^ ixt 

* beyond the Proportion of this County ; the free 

* Quarter ever fince taken by one Regiment of 

* Horfej large Quantities of Provifions, according 

* to the Commanders own Appointment, drawn 

* from all the Parts of the County, and, in Augt^ 
' and September laft, carried into CarSJIe, for the 

* Accommodation of the Seats Forces : (notwith- 

* Handing the many great Loffes and DetrimeiUt 
' fuftained by Occafion of the late Incurfion of th& 

* Enemy, and the conftant Charge of fome other 
' Garrifons, ncceflarily maintained in this County 
< by our Men, befides divers others in the Hands 
' of the S«/i Commanders) the Governor of Car- 
' lijh hath lately railed three Troops, which take 

* up free Quarter and exan from fome Parilfaei 
' weekly Provifions and Monies ; promifing them 

* Immunity from all Cefles, and prohibiting then 

* to pay any Cefles.' The Officers of the Garri- 

* fon at CarliJU now likewife force, from neigh-^ 

* houring Parilhes, their weekly Maintenance ; by 
*■ which we fenfibly difcern a Decay, and find thig 

* County, efpecially the liext adjacent Parts to, 

* CartiJIe, not only difabied to perform the Servk;^' 

* of the new Model, but we are confrijent thofe 
'. Parts will alfo, ere long, withojit fome Refrefli-' 
' ments, become, in other Rdpeits, ufclels ani 

* unferviceable to the Public, 

*. Now, 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

* V fi'N G LAN 15. '237 

■ '< Now, for that the Want of Pay and necefla- *»■ *<c*f. I» 
« iv Means of Subliftance is the ullial Pretext of v .-'^^- . 

* the Governor, and other Stets Commanders, for . t^^' 

* .tiipii aboVe-mentiotied Exa^ons and Seizures { 
'« for tic Removal of all Ground of Diftafte aiiil 

* Difiercnce, which thefe intolerable Oppreffioiu 

* may occalionally enforce betwixt them and us ; 
,' for the Advancement of the common' Qaiiie 

' which we much delirc } and that this poor County 
'* may be prcferved firom Ruin, and enabled to con- 

* tribute its weak. Proportion' of Service and Af- 

* fiftance to the Public, we humbly defire that the 

■ O^rrifon -at at CarlSfie may be from elfewhere 

* maint»ned and provided lor, and this wafling 

■ County -fpeedily difburdeoed thereof; which to 

■ thofe Worthies, who we doubt not but, with a 

* fympathizing Senfe, look on the Grievances ^f 

* each Part of the Body Politic, is moft bun:U>ly re- 

* commended by ^. „ 

^. , Tour Hmnr's, 

' In all due Obfervanct 

-POiTlth, No* iS, . ■ ' 

'•4S' • and Strviefy ajjiitidy 

-eW»-:BRISCOE. jo.barwis. 
-hen. tolson. miles haltosf. 

-' A £rtf/r ftom. the. &«// Governor of C>i>-J|^. 
JVr. mjr rigk egup<d Fritnd Majv. Choi/MLIv. 

,*,,\I^ HEREAS .it is fimiified unto us by my 
,*, y" Lieutenant at •**•, that ye are about, 
' * to exaa Cefs Money out of the Parifli of Bramp^ 

* /Off, .where one Company 'of mine lies, I bcHev; 
5^that thele jpoqr Men are notable both anfw^ 
} 'you in Ceffes, and gijre free Quarts to my Conv 
^ pany, which of tleceffiiy they muft have,~being, 
J* for, any thing t'know, all the Pay that may bp 
,*^ Ofgefledi wherf/ore I jauld wilb you would fo(- 
^*.hear to'citatft 'Ceii-"Money, of any Kind, where 

~ ' any 


Ji^ - fhe TarUamma^ Hi s t o K y 

**-*tCK,1. ♦ anCmnpaiiiw of H«ft or Foot are biUettdt 

. i, ^**^' , ■ • bul »?■ ht the aew Model, I am heartily wejl 

b^m.' * coueni that you Ie<y fucb Men and HoHcs a) a^ 

.* to be had in thu Parilb> 9-ai I fftall be ready ^ 

* gum mr hdl> AfEiKnfK O^ that Purpofc ;, bttf jf 

* mr CehrMaiKj be <U(a£ted, yv may well ex^e^ 

* it flijJIbe by the ftr»ng Hand : Yet I could wi^i 

* that), by thiai the Corrc^ndence that hath heep 

* hitbrcto, eatertaiocd ttetweefi you and me be not 

* now dillblvedi. So, tufcOin^ your Courtcfy 

* hwein, I rcnuin,. 

Tmr a^ed'Fiiitndj 

><4S' W*. EILHEADv 

ALftierttom the Committee at Teriy addieSeit 
Co the Sfteakei of the Houle of Comnwnsl 


* nEfides many former. Preffures upon this poor 
' ^ County, by the quartering of the Seott 

* Forces hen« we hold it your Duty to acquaint 

* you with one particular Accident, the Con- 

* fbquotces wbeceof we cannot but apprehcad with 

* more than ordinary Perplexity, if not dmeoufly 

* prevented by the Care and Wifilam of thp-Tar- 
*' nameiit :- There were the lalt Week certain^ Of- 

* (icen, to the Number of 37, pretending them' 

* fdves ts>^ undo- the Command of Lieutcnant- 

* General Ltfiey^ who, being quartered at Itcibiil^ 
' o Ared - ferenu Abu&s to ^ .Inhabitants thns,' 
< befides*the Exactions of great Sums of Money, 

* far beyond the Abilities of thefe poor Men, hav- 

* ing forirterly extremely fuiFerwl many <iiba 

* Wayk; The poorer Sort of tjie Inhabitants, in 

* the Senfd of thefe Burdens, without any Order, 
■* rofe together in the Night, feiaed upon the Per» 

* fons of thofe Officers, their Horfes and Arms j 
■ * and, perceiving them td be fome Engii^^ fbme 

■*■ Iri^'ini French^ not daring (o carry them to the 

* Satt Anny to the Lieutenant-General, brought 

* ^etn iQ^iinttfrtiit^tUausA tbeip tlieie, andtnen 

^ ' -. ' ^^acquainicd 


^ is. N,Gt AKb; 439 

* *C^w?antc<J «5 with the whol? ASioi*)! And.ftit **'"^^f* 
< that we were jeattrt^s of dicir Inftrnnation. that . "'' ^^ 

* the PcjfoBB appt^iended wcm not Qf the Setif Jtmi^. 

* Army, b« IraOitt /ome who, und«r' Colour of 

* that Frttencft abufcd the Cbuntry to ferve *heir 

* on^ £nd«,,wc thovght it Prudence to fecure th^ 

* Men for a Time ; and ipunediatdf addreSed ow 

* Lttien to the Lieutenant-General of the Seelt 
'* Anny, and gave Order for the Examination of 

* the Men in the mean Time j fince tbat we find* 

* br LtiUrs from the tdCUtenanC-Qeneral to thfe 

* Governor at P»ntefreS Caftle^ and other teittrt, 

* the Bufinefs bath t>«a refemed under other No- 

* tions than what was intendedt The Inhabitant) 

* of ttae Town of %lckbiU are in extreme Fear|» 

* being thrcatncd with Extremitjr of Revenge. 

* The Copies of the Inftrmatietu We received^ aa 

* the Grounds of what we did, ahd of olir Ltt~ 

■ tert thereu^n, aXiA, of thofe which have come 

■ to our Hand fince by Occafion thereof,;we hum- 

■ bly pre&M to yqut View and. Ju^f^»eM faeic 

* inclofed,. , -. ■ 

* What (fUttBt lad CetiiplaintG we ^e; had latel]^ 

* of tbe-Carri»{e 9f (mnaother fctfov of tfaajtAf" 

■ my in fome other Faffs pf thj.s Cowtfy, we hum' 
» bly offer by the Copy of a i^tr^ CQ^ie lat^ to 
( us by an undeHlanding Gentleman in this Coiul- 
A tVt W-e are Utewiie bold to acqi^alju yoiuthat 

* t^vre aie twp R^QfeiUt rapre of the Scat! Hsift 

* cpnie;'out of the NwA ioto this Coun^, one laio 

* AlUrtonflnre, the other into CUvtland, wfapre th^y 

* levy Monies in the Country at their I^leaOire. 

* Sir, we have much to do already to raife Ifonnr 
*- Rh- low owh Men, by rilafbn whereof, at tna^ 

* as tho Burdffl of evr own rednixd Officers, they 

* arfriif^ominual'MuUfMes, and ourfdvei znd'the 

* CbuRtry in tioiuinua) Danger : nor fliall we pof- 
*^ fftif-ibe- aWe lo {>ro«i4e any Pay for our Horfe, 

* molt whereof are now- ntorched towada JinvMrij 
< nor^ raife the ftovifions for any of the reft 

* whii;h we arb pntparing to fend i^iither : It is 

* duKfort atu-aaineft and humbte Suit, that fome 

■.■■■■...; '.fp«edy 


, a^o . STfo ParUamentaty History 

*^i&**^* '' * 'P'^y Courfe may be taken to remove thcfe m'-' 

*'• ," •'' * Wlctahltf Burdens from the Country, without 

Juuai^. * which we fliall not be able to raife any Money 

• for' our pwn Soldiers j arid the People of the 

• Coiirttry will he reduccd'lo fuch miferahle Straits, 
■* that \*e much fear Aat they will hardly be. re- 

• ftraincd from fome violent Refiftance, for the 

• eafihg of tbemfelves. 

' '* Ifwould be a great Grief any thing fliould 

■ * ftlt Out that. In the Mifcry of this County, QiouM 

• rehiiei' the Kingdom more' miferable thanit:is; 

• and 'it ilball be our utmoft Care to prevent it j 
'* in the mean Time, according to our Duty, we 
'* humbly prtfent the naked Condition of the Coiiij 
'* ty before you, to be nlade known to the Houle ; 

■ and remain, 

- , -. Tour affeHianaU Friendst • 

>HS' 1 and bumble StrvantSt 

W^.'CoPllVi ■ ■ -FrA; PlEREPOIKT. ' 

Ai^- Ingram. Eowd. Rhodes: 

'. 'Rbp*. Lecar'd. Wm. Lister. •■ ■• ' 

•JpHN- FaRRBR. Tho. St. NlCHOtA-S.' 

Geo. -Trotter. ^ RoB«. Barwis. • 
' Geo. Marwood. 

Lxftly was read a Letttr from the Committe* 
refiding wfth the Anny bdore Newark, which 
' was alfo ftddreffed to the Spe^er of the Hbiife if 

', S 1 R^ '"■''■ 

* ITfE have made icveralAddrelEu to theHoufe, 
■.• * * but as yet have not received any Apfwer: 
■ * The extnois great Conlequence of the Service 

* ^ainft Nntwri requires youi raofl extraordinary 
.* Care; and the Neceffity is fucb> .as it muft be 

* ipeedy, left it be too kte. .: 

• On Saturday laft the Muftcr of Horfe, Fqo*. 

* and Train of Artillery of the Scats Army were 

* taken all at one Time by fuch as we appointed, 
v« we ourfetves being prefent. The Horie were 

2 ' above 


8^ E N Q L A N D. , a^i 

*aboTe4<c^, the Foot near 3000, tbe Train flnBlll^''- ■• c*'- ^ 
' but the PudcuWs flull be tnuifinioed to you ^^^ . 
,' with all Speed. Aoiongft the H<»:f« wu a Re* . ' ■ 
^ giment of the Lord, B4t*r«'i, aewly come uj^ 

* anJ two TroopB of the late Cobft^ Drvirau^i 

' Regiment. We beu of three Regiments of . 

* Uorle* moie on this Side 3Vi, the L(»4 Kiritud' 
' JrvVjj' the Lord Dalb«i^% and Gol. Finuttu 

* Thcie ParU are not able to muntain the Nilnv 
^ ber of Hotic here almdy. 

( This ti),y LieHttnflH-Gencnd L^ met uB at 

* l^ottinghtmy and w« vc yot to expert the Com' 
. * mitt^of ^/m^to join with us to order diae 

* Anny. He d^aaaaa of us Provifioni for hiJ 

* Totc«3i We h^ve given him an Account of 

* what is done, which di^fe WarrtMs indofed wHl 

* dcmonftrate; and h^ing tendered to pejr Weekly, 

* in&lDaey, 833V. 6ft 8 ^ to vrtioBi hb wUl a^ 

* iioin^ be^ng tin .third Part of 2500 /. thcfither 

* twoPafflt.i? PsoYiilM«Wi:-*i*iel». bo fitJtht oa«- 
, * not tn^ his Fos»s fu^fiA » hut! ws cMutoC pc^- 

*■ 4% BK>>i>de moM. If yiyA pleiA to :Jt«- the 

* A&,^sf^% yrp hivr made' jo^ tbe Cpuf(ties> we 

* be&ecb'yoi^k-may'bff.fpcedilf ddne) ifyeUap- 

* BTpveof thwi, wtfdofiw (be Houfc to; appbint 
■ fome Peifdna ilniB«di«^y, £(t>ni tbemi^vflt, to 

* ice the Proviiions fpeedily fcnt. 

* Th* (^ODAty of Afirtte^fiM eW little longer 
. * (^ upolt yoit tiltt \k'ifJi>»f fubfifl in dieii own 

* H^viai the new Cri« nftift b(t at yout own 

* D,oo(9.; sod ^ Ruin of A« Couaty enda not 
. * thore { bm ^ir Skiffmii|at and dw Horfe lying 

' * uffon Dtr^rtt i£ not ppevenKd, render* the 
- « P't^tc Servicfc to tbe M/Me Kingdom agaitift 
. • NtiMri unfeafiUe. Wh^o*ver atay odwr Men 

* Aa^ddnk t» cebMirei #a^» the Place ktfow, 

* too Hf^ Provifiom in. ttieS Gonnttes to be ex- 

* baMfted» and they omaot be breugbt from other 

* Part9tob«tifleauaI. 

■ It i« our DutjT t» be thttl ptun wi^ you I aftd 

* we doubt not b«« toUv Iteowing.tfiiU much, will 
Vol. XiV. Q, •proridt 


442 '^ Parliamentary His tort 

La. II cu; 1.* provide all poffible Remedy; and not, for the- 
^^ " '**5' • {i^efent to be only compaffionately takcii, and> af*- ' 
iuMiit. ' * **'** ^ ^^^ other Bufmefs retard this which can- 
' not ftay. We prdTed the Lieutenant-Greneral ' 

* that 2506 /. weekly^ two Parts in Frovifions, 

* the third In Money, which wc offered to pAy, 
^ might be accepted tiH Wtinefitty the aSth of this 

* Inftant-j by Which Ximc your DirefUons might 
' be received, which we amired him our Lttttrt 

* fliould moft earncHly btfeftch of you. He would 

* have confemed to that Time, if he would have 

* nven ohr H^brfUnti for « Regiment of Horfe aiul 

* (omeTrboptrs of histrt go intoZ)ff'ij^y*: This 

* we had no Authority td do, and it would have 

* ftopped dicProvifiona ^ITed by ui on tfaatCotid- 

* ty for the S«fx Anriyi 

* When we came from LandtHt we WeK sflured 

* that- the Forces from Ae Eoftem AfibciatJon 

* Ibould be here before lisi A Monfh is paft^ but 

* ^ere ie not one Man cotnej nor on their March 

* tbKt we can bear of} and the Mtvtars ordered by 

* the Committee of both Kingdoms to «ome frpia 

* StatSngi would, by God's Bleffing, have- made. 

* the ftrong^ Caftte of BehUr yOurS before this 

* Day ; and thereby tceo Horn and Foot, now 

* there) might have been emplbyed i^nft Nnb' 

* ari. 

■f If die Counties be not able to tnaiAtaifi tfie SceU 

* Army lohg whtfre. it -is, and if you find it diM- > 

* Cult to, get Provlfions from other Places for their 

* Stay there, we knoW no other Wayitban, tho* 
' with extraordinary Charge, to finiOi this Senfi^e 

* fpeedilvi Money- cannot be more thriftily ct- 

* pended, nbr Forces better employed to cafe thrfe 

* Countiee in their Perfons and Piirfes^ Yoarb^ . 
- * iog told, when this Letttr is , read, That Mfin 

' - * and the Mortai'-Pieces are coming, will not do 
' ■* our Bufmefs; butfome from you mfift fee tBe 

* Men on their March, and the Mortar-Pi^s <]n 
' • thdr Way ; and certainly. Sir, the Time fpent 

* in feeing the Pcomilcs performed on the SetBb 
.-■ .' .. ■ ■ .. ■ .■ *.Side 


: if: ,fi 'N Qh AN D: > 843 

* Side TrMy^wA tke reUriii^ the iVoM Sid«,'A«--«"Cii, _r. 

* will i»dee;JNft«tfari yours,! andgtt the Fiayera •£ . '^' . 
' many Thou&n4a for you, v/m. laqguifh ,uivl«r'- ' W»i}.~' 

* die.Bi«den.of LMifery. , ,^ ■ . ... ' ' 

W«. iSlftREPOiNT. ED. ASCOUGH. ' - 

All't)t£fe'£(M#rj beiBe-reaflr-the-Lord 'ilfAr^^ 
repiorte^tlife Attorning ^'^iha^ibjr the CottiiBpRS 
thereupon : . . ■ V * 

' I. TSarin tha'5(^<f Annvf in- this 'Kingdom, 
(here ftitllWMbe aboiwrtwo i^boufand:H«-fc and 
<H)fr ThtMifviJ Dragoons, according, to tiicTreatj. 
■ * 4. TliatlrbtfTcfcrred 16.' i^ie, Members of both The Cumnan 
Houfcs^ that are of the Committee of both Ktag- 'f'"'^" •» "J"'* 
dcnoB, ttt ebaiintioicace thia K*ft to the Arfj Cgm^ 11!^!^^^ "' 
mffioifti^ vtfA to' take Camttwt the fame ^ 9b- sccu Aimy.j 
fcrvedatsardiiigfy.' ; ■ . j ;ri , ., ■ * 

fionfers> prtftjiiliel on OeotoBrof thflfoircgoiiig i£^ 
■j6/i(//rt/r<if'tlieCoiBiiion« .III 0-?.' ' /T » 

■' ■: -.; ;'"'.7_\y:;- !: -^ll -i'il ; r,i ■.-^.- -:.;.[, ' 

* 1T7H£N.r^«e<verc<-«K)994^ihg that a fpccdjr whl^ om*Gow 

< ..W:.iihd felid CoUtfc.-flapwW , have. bieep.,iaii;,^''^™°^J^ 
' d4wn fok- Manitenaooe of ,<»«;, Forces, wilch,Ju^„^, 

* wcrB'-whhtfo:mek htipoaiv^y< invited t)/, the , 
■•-Hotrfy ^i Pailiartent to' TOrn«)bcforo Ney^rii, 

* we hear xiothing fadsfilt^^pr^ ; ^#fg:,^xaa% , t^eif 

< MaiijtenaBce ; but ^r*' Wpriwd^^y ^^ unexpfo 
' ted RuftitittoBioX ths H^ufs-af C^iunoni for 3r 
*■• bridgii^ their Number I ivfhiob l*e conceived they 

* would j-ather hav«^defiied to be: increafcd, fv 
'■ the motie^/ efiadtual purfliiAg ,-of Uiot Work t^ey 

* weiB tirft and leDr called im^>,' ,,, . • . 
.' The En^a^omGntS a4d:,.ypdertakings of tb« 

* Kingdom 3S: SallmJ ^1 tl)is. Kidgdom, whep 

* the Pitrliamoit was in fucbi a'^C^oditioa, as« yv 

*■ think, norPiolpwityivrll^cvfll^^efhenifc^jcv ' 

- r..i,..,;,:^,Gt)t)gle 

244 Tbe'PapUifmitary HisroiRY 

V M Cin'l.« the Time j^ ScafoAof tbeEmn;^ AofiEof 
- *^' . * c« irito the KingAnn rf £fif Jmd; - and^ A«r Ac- 
>a>u7, * tions and AiffiBrahgf fichence," Which - we defire 

* inajr rather be remcmbcred-by thcHoa^Hoalesof 
■ Parllatnent, thahcomip6moratedby US; and their 

* ccftiftant Dcfires and EndeaVouri' tiB. this Day, 

* anldfttheirof^Titouhlts^.ttidbtllffbeASBrTiee 
*■ thcjr-ran tO'tt^. Kingdom accdttling to' the &- 
( Ittim Liagtu and Covthani of both Kingdoms : 

* Allthefi)^o^AirbJfiii3toafiptcba«dJ|i^Ji^|pufie» 
'< t»h« the Cantocf -ihii J^/tfi#««if ^Hfwfeef 

* C<tintnons. 

* We caniMV concefva' (frhetl the jKumher of 
^ otfr Foot which entnd'thii Ki^cina ila.fb mudi 

* dimiAlfh^t partlr by their Suffciian^tandpart^ 
-n - - « lytw thenece&ryRctuniihg^of folneo^thatnin-'. 

■* fo Sntkndi f^fe^xding tfaeffr who liMr no otbtt 

* Gontroverfy t^m as bttC o«r- AffiftaMe gwM 
^ totl^KingdcrftiyUul'Ciuuiot fce^P^t^andpn- 

* formed by Horfe, but hy Foot) UlHt it can el^MT 

* ftand wi^ Reafon or Equity, in fuch a Confii- 

* (titioHbFAffiiiity or'Wttfaaettto»Metuiag<^^ 
-* Tteatyi that theni' ftonld not be above 20dO 
' Horfe, and iboo DragoDmintke^feb Aitoy hi 

* this Kingdom ] the fptitifvtng of which Number 

* wasi a» Ae Wtt^s themfdves do import, that the 
' '}-. Numberftoidd Aotbeunderit} tHeKih^dm^ at 

■ . - '* mat- Time,' being uuwiUingtoen^get^nfclves 

' ^ forffgreater-Nambtrtlmsooo.Hiufe'aiid Orav 

-* goons ; and noc that riiA minlwr.fllcmld not be 

* above-it, vrtiicb wtt bdJeredKmitouUhmbcen 
'very *cri-ptaMe l and, If the prefatt-Kcceffijtiei 
** of this Kii^bm CM^d have beea:ferebui4mj 
"* would not have been rtfufed for the ftlture. 
- * When thatthe Bctit Army did enter this Kits^ 

* -dom, their Number was aiout 30OQ Horfe ami 
' 500 DragooHSj atid fo continued widiout any 

Exception to the ccMtraiy till A&nJtifliA: And 
^ when afterwards the Earl of Calexdar was invited 

'* 500 
< Exci 

'■4 whe; 

'* by both Houfes to Come up for their Affiftance, 
^ hts Forces made a further Addition of Horiei 
1 enter into 
* Kingd< 

' Aad as.- when the Scm Army did enter into ibis 
• Kingdoi 

V-Kiimbni,aBte*wsM'NMe^of great StreiigtliAa- n Or. l. 
.of Foot fttf opposing the Enen^, who then had ^ '^i' , 
• very gnat, InJ^try j (o afterwanla, when, bv ■ junuj, ' 

* the Bleffii^ of God upon the Forces of botn 

* iKittgdoBu, the Eaeniies Strength W2s much di" 

* imtnifhed, and tbcy begaa^ increale the Num- . 

* fbcrof thar.Ciivalryr, and turn themfelvca into a 

* Flying- Army, it was ncoeflaty for the Scots Ar- . 
*'mf, for .their Safety and Security, to increafe 

* the Number of their Horf^j odierwifc it had 

* been altogcdier itnpoffible &>r them either to pur- 

* fue the Enemy going away, or to prefervc them- 
' * ielves from bcmg Aarved, for Waif -ofr Viduals, 

* i^Min Uuar Approach. .",-.■ ^ 
* Whenthe TtouUea vf Scatltind wac wicre^-, 

* .ed diroiffih the lovafoa of ;the Iri^ while we. 
' :Were affiftitig thn Kinzdom, iomc iRegisaenlB t£, 

* our Foot wen calM maoe for £appie£ng there* 
*-. of; but all the Uorfe did oofi^nue in this King- 

* dom, with the Approbation of the Parliament, 
^ for oppt^i^cf the Faroes of. the Enemy, which 
' didconftft n^oft in i^otfe<; aad. did good Service 

* agaiifftdnm, in il)Hid<»)Qg <t4icir Recruiu, an^d 

* prevend^ dlcir:goiqg^ ^arthtvarJ upon feverat 

* Occalions. And we cannot underftand why it 

* futi^eA to EJiGcepticHi now, or ttiat the 

* Diminution thereof fhoula be preiTed, they hav- 1 

* ing lately lea^pcdTed fo grtat 'Fo(;i^andi>efs to en- 

* gageagiqnfttite JSoemyi an4 (Iqcp the I^elTeniog 

* of their Ku(qhar could not h«t ^render them coi^t 

* tcmptihle:io ttv; Fyes of tlteir Stiemies, a^ ex- 

* po& then) ito daily Affraatsandjlojurics, we dp 

* therefore ilc%e-thac a fpeedy Cp].irfe iqay ,be Oi- 

* ken for their, Msintemuicc i and that, without 

* Prejudice to the Trealyy they may be paid ' ac- 
■" coidin^ txi' their Muftera, (whi(h iluil sever be 

* denied) to cadt Troopef 1 1. 6^. and to each 

* Foot-Soldiei 6d. whereof twfo Parts in Pj'ovi&ons, 

* anda tfainl Part ia Money, and,Half-pay to the 

* Officers^ V^uch is the Icaft ean be demanded for 

* thw prdent Subfiftance i ukI if the Houfe of 

0,4 '. Commons 


246 7he Parliamentary Mi'sT^oR.f 

b. II Cir. T/t Commons (hair be flcafed to laGSt upon A« ■ 
,^'Rlfihtmlif^iymA 10 us Yctternighrt, tve fliall 
* cbmmunic^tc tTic fame to the Parleanient of SM^ 

hind, who, lio Joubt, will retut-n ftidi Anfiver as 

* "fhall be a|rc'eab!e to the T'wff/j' and,thelnttreft 

* and Good of both Kingdoms; aAd, in the mean 

* Time, we do expefl: that Care fedl -be, taken 

* "for their prefent Maintenance.' , 

' Sj Cofiumnd of theCemmiJJismrt fir -tbt Parity 
' imnt if Scotland, 


< The Lonf JJef^f &rther reported. That Sir 
fthn Evelyn, upon this, did oUerve, That the Foot 
ih the Scots Army were riiuch abated, and not the 
fiill Number' according- to, the Treaty -, whereupon 
the Hotife orCommetjs had oSeitd to their X^otd- 
Ihlps the following Reajanr why tbe Soft Horfc 
fliould be r^udcd to the Numlier of the Trtaly f 
w/aj, ' ' ■" ■ .■'.-- , ■■ ■■ • 

' * By the Treaty of the agth of I^ovttidvr, 1647, 
(Concerning the bringing in of the Sntt Army, it 
was agreed. That an Army Should be there levied 
forthwith,' confifting of i8,0O0 Foot, effcSive, 
and- 2000 Horfe ' and ■ tooo Dragoons, eftefliive; 
with afiritable Train of Artillery to miirch into 
'Bnglond.- '■■.,■ 

* By an Order of this Houfe,: bearing Date the 
22d Day of Jutiej- id^^' it was recommended by 
the Committee of both Kingdoms totheKingdoiil 
o^- Scotland, as the Defircs of both Houfes; that (iie 
Torces already raffed^ and in raifihg,> by the King- 
dom of Stotland, being, as it is reported, about 
10,'boo, be invited forthwith to come in for our 
Afliftarice. ' ' . * ' 

* After 'thi*,"th«( of ZV/mfci* : the 27th and 
•31ft Were orderedi befidfs which ftveral Or£nan- 
ces wbre made for the fV> thia' Sm(j Army 
in getiera!, by Aflcffraent on the .feviefaf Counues, 
dnd ImpoJition upon Coals at Nim^U, biit'ne^ 
ver any Dtftin£tk>n-niBde: of .the':firft. aod bx^mi 

; ' ^ ■ " Army; 



: tf ENGL AND. 247 

Army: Likewife 7000i^ upon the Coals St ^w- An. ti'Cw. I, 
caftli, and 3000/. .upon the Excife in all the , '^*i' , 
Nonbtrn Counties, except the Excife upon Flcfh 
and Salt ia thofe Coim^cs, asd of Hull. 

* The Rjfohe of the Ho(i& of CoDimons was 
not for the abrid^ng the Nuniber of (he Sfatf For- 
ces* but for reducing the Number of tfqrTf ^ tlt^t 
directed by the Yriaty : Ahd, aa they {hall ticYcr 
forget the Engagements and XJ^idertalungs of that 

. Kingdom for this ; fo they arc confident tl)at Na- 
tion will remember the n^ft and great Teftimony . 
of brotherly ^ficdioii, which was given tbem by 
this Parliament of England. 

* That the Kingdom of ScatlaifJ could pot fend , 
. »ny Forces into ^is Kingdom withoi)t oqr Con^ 

fent; and therefoFC what Nufnber foeyef was 
agreed on by both Kingdofns was biading, and 
ought not to be exceeded, 

* We do not kno^ what thp Number of Horfp ■ 
was, which firft c^me into this K'ttgdom j nop 
that, when the Earl of Calendar's HorJe capie into 
this Kingdom, the whole Force of the S'cett Horie 
then in England did exceed the Number of tjie firft 
treaty ; confidering that, in that Time^ i^iany cjf 
the firft Horfe were probahly diminifhed. 

* As no Force ought to have been brought [(itp 
this Kingdom without our Confent, fo no ^Itera- 
tion ought to have been made in theConditibn qf 
tfiofe Forces without our Approbation. 

* That as it might feerti reafonable tQ them to 
Increafe their Horfe, when the Service required it 1 
fo, upon the fame Reafon, that Service being fiow 
moft for Foot, they ought to be reduced tq tl^e 
Number of the Treaty. 

. * That, for the Security and Prefervation of 
their Army, we did feveral Times feqd great Pars 
ties of Etigii^ Horfe to that Army ; ^hhough the 
Body of the Sects Horfe did marth out of E^ngland ■ ' 
into Scotland without our Privity or Confent. 

' That thefe Rtafons were intended as an An- 

fiutr to that Part of the Scots CommiHoners Paptr 

^hich concerned the fupernumdrary llorfe in that 

<^4 Army, 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

a4^ ^ Parliammaty History 

n. 11 C«r. I. Army, to which they ddtred their LordflupS Con- 
' *^' ^ currcnce, as alfo to tha followirtg Order : 
tinuirr' ' ^^^^^ ^y ^^'^ ^"'^ Commons aflemblej 

^' in Parliament, Ijhat it be referred to the Member* 
of both Houfes, that are of the Committee of bpA 
Kingdoms, to Confer with the ZcbU Commi^nen 
concerning thjt Part xif their Paptr of the 6th <£ 
January ]aft» which concerns their fupcrnumcrary 
Hoife ; and to ofTer unto them the foregoing RtO' 
fins, why their Horte fliould be reduced to the 
rJumber of the Trtaly ; and fuch other Riafms 99 
ihey fliall think fit, for Maintenance of the Vott^ 
the Houl£ of Commons on the 5th of this la^iuit 
yanuary^ That in the Scot* yfrirrf in ihii Kingd""* 
there fiall net h ahave 2000 Horfi^ an4 f opo Dra^ 
goaiUy accorMng ts th^ Trea^.' 

The Lords, after Debate^ ordered this S^ftri 
concerning the Scots Army to be uken into Con^ 
fideration on the Monday Morning next, the firft 

But before this AfT^r came on, another Coo- 
ftrence was reported to the Lords, the 'EShQ. of 
which was, That the Houle of Commons haying 
taken into Confideiation divers of the King'* li- 
ters, efpecially his laft ; they thought, if fpmt^ 
thing was not prefentty done, the .Parliament might 
fufFer fome Prejudice, in regard of the l^ecieus 
Pretences in that Letter ; therefore the Commons 
Yiad colie<^cd fome Propafitiotu for Peace out of the 
Sulk of the whole, to be prefently, lent to the 
King } the reft to be difpacched as fooq as th<^ . 
conveniently might. 
To ^*idi tlie The Numbers and Titles of thcfe Prtpe&iai/t 
iMi* ■pf*- were then read, ai)d the Rejalutiens of tlje Com- 
mons upon them } but the further Conliderati(»i 
of them the Lords deferred to the next Day.-"— 
Then that Houfe proceeded Co confider of the 
i'c^i lately reported from the Conference with 
the Houfe of Commons, concerning the Seats 
4 Horie; 


deration flie King's Letter again, and came to dts "".^f^S* 

following Refituttms upon it : ^t^ kbSipi 

t. * iHiat the King's Letter hath given no Sa^ the Ntsadakc 

d/ E N G L A N 15. ' H9 

Hoife J and Ac <lyeftioa being piit, * That, in A^ »i C". |^^ ■ 

* rile Sciiti Array in this Kingdom, there &a& j '**^' ; . 
i not be above 2000 Horfe, and ipoo Dn^oon^ ftbnuf* 

• according to the Treaty ;' it was refolTcd ui die 
AffitOiative, the fi^owing Peers diflenting} tbv 
^arls of Jj^ebi, EJpXy S/iffiiif BoUnghroit^ fftir- 
vnckiinA. Mtmtbyreri ,tiie Lords tLterts^ Wd- 
ifug^r Seriefy, aruce^ and Dacrts. 

Next the foregoing Order brought up from die 
Commons was read : But it was refolded, upOQ 
tile Queftion, not to agree with iJiem in that Order. 

The fame Day the Commons Jook Into Coidi* , TMaikm ■!' 

■ ' *" r'B Lener again, and came ' "" " 

tmt upon it : 

King's Letter hath given i__ , 

tiofaaion touching the Lord Herhert't Authori^ to ^^'^ 
negotiate with the Rebels lajreland. ^^ 

%. * That a Copy of the Privy-Seal, and Ar- 
ticles taken in the Bifliop of Tuanfi Carriages, 
Ihall be fent to the King j with thp An/ver ts rilis 
lafl Letter. 

3. * That, To-morrow Morning, the firft Bu- 
fincfs peremptorily, the King's laft Letter flnU be 
takeji into farther Confideration : 'And that Mr. 
Speaker put'the Houjfe in miiid diereof.' Accord- 

Fei, 3. The Colnmons made the following Or- 
dert. »xA Rtfilutians thereupon : 

1, • That it be left to the Committee that Ihall 
l>e appointed - .to prepare an Jnfwer to th;s Letter^ 
to obferve the Contrarieties in this Letter to the 
King's former Profeffions and Proceedings, con- 
cerning /«/aw</j and to the Declaration he how 
holds forth, in this Litter, of leaving the War and 
Peace of Ireland to the Houfes of Parliament. 

2. * Tli^ the Committee, in the Anfwer to this 
Letter, £hall take Notice of the King's avowing 

' the graiiting a Commiffion for railing and bringing 
over of Rebels out of Inland, to light againfi the 
Parliament of England. 

3.* That 


259 ^%e Parlia/fffnfary.H-is-TQ&r 

^■, *',CiT.> ; 3. « That, in this Anfwer^ thpCftmmittte-flirfi, 

. ' *^' take Notice both of the Uncertainty of the Cliule 

'' Febnury. concerning ihe Militia^ and that it is conditional: 

■' A»d that,, the Hofif^s are fending ' 

a PrDpifitieny which does fully expcefs their own 


'_ 4.. * That, as to the CUiife of the General Of- 
ficers and Judges, the Anfiuer fhall take Notice, 
Th&t, in due Time, the Houfes will prefent fuch 
Things unto his MajeAy as {hall be convenient 
thereupon. , .' . , . 

5. ' That this Letter of tiie King's gives no Sa- 
.^ tisfaflion in point of Rcligioot ■' ^, " 

6. * That a Committee be appointed to prepare a 
Diclaratim^ iipon this Litter aod the other Letters 

' ' ■ of the King, for the undeceiving of the People.' 

Feb. 4. The Scets Commiffioners prefented ano- 
ther Complaint to the Lords, of the Hardfliips 
their Army fuiFered before Neu/ari ; . 

Far the Right Hon. the Speaker -ef thf Huifi i>( 
Peeks pro Teijipoie, . . 

My lordi, '■'• 
TIi« Sefttt Com- « f T is above two Months fince the Scats Army 
SSrfwi^ * ■'■ ^'•'» according to the Defires of both Houfes, 
Fv^ their ' come before Ntwark ; where, after the taking 
V^^fc***"* * of MuJJdmn-Brt^e^ they have, in the greatcft 
^"'■*" * Extremity of Weather, continued in very \a^ 

' Duty on the one Side, and al^q ^fted Colonel 
' Pejntz on the other i_ and yet no efFe6lual Courfe 

* is taken for their Enteruinmsat, but the Burden 
f thereof hath been left uporithcfe Parts of the 
' County which formerly have beep wafted and 
' cxhauued by the Enemy. This gTves Qccafion 

* of Complaint, from the People, of Wants and 
' Diforders in the Army ; and greater Incgnveni- 

* ences may enfue, if not fpeedily prevented. W« 

* were in good Hopes that, when the Commillion- 
,* ers of both Houfes did repair to that Army, a 

* fpt«dy Courfe would have been taken for their 

■ ' Maihtcn- 

- r..„ ^,Gt)t)^lc 

*r E N G L A N p. 2JI 

*. ftfaintenuice, efpeclally after the Muflcr; but **" V ^"* *■ 
*_ as yet there Jiajh been oScicd only an IncooiidC'- . "^' ' j 
' rable Ffoportidn, which is no ways fufficient ito l^inuj, 

* afiord them Subfifbnce ; and fbmt of the Pro- 

* viiions an appointed to be brought out of Laii- 

^ tajhiref and dther Places far diftanti .upon which , 

* the Army cannot depend for Relief. 

* The FotitSoldiers have not received eighteen- 

* penny-worth of ProviCons weekly fince tfaetr 

* joining bef(»% Nnuari ; and when the Quarter- 
■*. ilHafter-Gcneraj, who is now the fecond Time 

* fent hither on Purpofe to reprefent the NeceiE- 

* ties of the Anny, did come from thence, there 

* was not ted Pounds Worth of Pfoviilons in the 
^ Magazine for the whole Army. If any Ihould, 

; in the Wjfiter ScaTon, be put to hard Duty, and ^ 

f the Means of Subliftahce fliall be with-held 
*-fromthem, it is eafy to conjecture that nothing 
f can follow but their inevitable Ruin before the 
f Spring, , 

' We have, from Time to Time, conftantly 

* ftjicitedtbe H<(ufes of Parliament for their Main- 
i tenance ; . and we are afhamed that our many ear- 

* neft Deljres, in their Behalf, have not prevailed 
' with the Houfes for fuch an Anfvjer us might 

* have enabled us to have given a good Account 
.* of our Endeavours to thole that fent usj and, in 

* fome Meafure, give Satisiaftion to the crying 
' NecciBties of the Soldiers, who are refolved to 
' decline no Duty, nor Danger, that may advance 

* the Service they are now engaged in at the Defirfi 

' of the Houfe» : It is therefore again our earneft ' ■ , 

* RequelV to the Houfes of Parliament, That they 

* would ferioully lay to Heart the providing for 

* that Army, and that they would extend the fanje 

* Care to than as they do to their own Forces on 
■ ' the other Side of Newark^ and gt'ant unto them 

* the fame. Allowances in Money and Proviiions, 

* that both may be enabled to profecute the Public 

* Service ; which Things being performed, we do, 

* in their Names, undertake that as flriiJt Order 
« and Difcipline Ihall be obferveJ there as ever 

' hath 

r..„ ^,Gut)^lc 

_ The ParUamentary "H is tor y 
'hath bsui jn any Army within di^e Kingdoms ;, 
< ^il,cai:n«ftiy-iDtreatiDgyoufbra.rpeedy'^n/«wr> 
'_ we remain 

raw 'Ler4fi)ips 

and bumMe Strvms^ 


ifct flk tm. ^'^' 7' ^ ^^y °^ Thajikfgiving was appoinicd 
for the giving wp the ftrong City of Chefier to tlwi 
Forces of the Parliament. AH the Mimfters with- 
in l^e Lines of Communication, and ten Mile< 
round them, were ordered to have timely Notice 
of this } to the end they might ftir up the Pet^lc 
to a due Thankfulnefs both.for the SeafonableiKfi 
and the Greatnefs of the Mercy. 

A long ^emonftrancty by way of Petition^ from 
the City of Londaiiy was prefented to the 'LtMtlA 
and read ; the main Drift of which was to defire 
the Parliament, in their new PmpiiRtiaiu for Peace^ 
to take Care of their particular Interefts ; espe- 
cially that the Citj- jiftUtia, with thofe of the- 
neighbouring Counties, might be eftablifhed in 
their Hands. All which will appear more folly in 
the Sequel. ' 

<cl. per An. An Ordinance of Parliament was diis Day read 
M ro Q*ot- jn the Houfe of Lords, and agreed to, for fettling 
'*'**^- Eftatea, to the Value of 2500/. a Year, onOlher 
Cromvjell, Efq. Lieutenant- General of the Horle; 
as an Encouragement to him and others who (hall 
difcharge the like ^ithfol Services to the Public. 
Part of the Lands thus fettled were the Marquils of 
JVarceJItr's, Lord Herbert's^ and Sir Jchn Stmir- 
fit'sy his Sons, lituate in Hampjhire ; and the reft 
were made up out of the forfeited Eftatcs of other 
Koblemen, who had adhered to the King againft 
jthe P.irl lament. ' " 



«f E.N GL AN D, 2S3 

Fei' Q. The Stols Commiffioncrs again addref- .■*■■ **^- 1 
Ted the Lords, for 4n Jijftver to, thdr laft Rman' . |*^' 
y?r«MU/ of the imifmbleStatd of their Army before ■ r,hi««ijL- 
iftwarii, or whether they. Were to expeaaiiy 
Anhitr at all j-.that' othcrwifc the Meflenger fent 
IroiB the Anmy might' eoai» back, %nd they knew 
what Acoount to'returti to dtofe who fcnt thsHk 

^. Ilk The Ewlof APiitwot pwfeijUed aLift 
of Ships, belonging to the Navy of £f,ffAnrf, '^l^* 
defibned 'for the vmx Simmei'i EjcfwdkioM j ^'^ ^^ 
vhffih Cnfcf ir ftcw» the «e« Force the PatUa- 
mcm we^ then M^ers, or af Sea; *e fobjoia as 
fellod^s : ^ 

tunu, ■■ RicharABlythe.fea. 875 a6o 50 

UoicOra',- " ■ P«t« Andrews, 703 z$o 46 

Viftorft - 'w Befuamin Cruidley, 7^1 **^ 44 

Chjuto, -'-■■— RicfiarlSwtaJey, "79} '«6o jo 

teoftid,-^ r Htniy tOiUX ' S}i ^fO- \o 

Coiwertiiie,:: u TgAti ttauiii ■ fflp ite 40 

Xioi — 'Rob.MBulitot. r«n."6oo t?* 4S 

Garlaid. -^ J«hn Btw«n; : " ' 167 •?« 4° 

Bon«irent)irti^ Walter Miynfc^, SS? »?« J* ^ 

Entiwice, — ■ John CiO*ther, 5J9' »6» 40 

Antelope;.-: Edwird HaH, j" '^ J* 

iSwalfow, -^ Williaiii Sfafflerfter, 4J* ij© 36 

Expcdittoiur^ - - Sir GaM■2e^AlkeV#, 360 lOO j6 

Kjvidcnoe, ' fphiiStiynlbjr, 36; io« « 

lolm^ ^IZ-: i WiHiam S*anly, 3** no *8 

Cellowftafa-^ " ■''^^^ianl^CTftt S'^'S >'® ■* 

:Gtobe, — ' — Ridb, WaiauahBy, 3J3 ito «8 

Jiart-Rofe;^ -i^ Phlneas Pitt, 3*'' '«> *8 

Wannick, .; Jama POicaeit, Jo* 9» »«» 

Heaof . '■ Edward HHot, 266- to tj 

Cygnet,—. William Peak, 333- 70 18 

£iSpfon. -^ J&h" Pngrim,- 300 ft «a 

jynd, ——— Arnhoay Young, 200 00 17 

Gerri4dwtr — — ' 379^ 













2 j4 7!fe ParUdmeitta^ H i s t dk y 

In. «i Cu. t. &i^*iSi!ft. Cammambri; Tins.i^Gioii. 

. ■**«V, iwfi/ <««■ — — -^— 3796 

'■'_'»'■■ Star, — Robert Conflable, ■---'■ '■- 

F«bn.«T. G„yi,,,„„j^ — ^ John Coppin, 

Roebuck, — ' ■ — — 

Crcfcent.- ■ ■ J6*n Bdwvn, 

Dove, — — Wdliatu Hazud, ,- 84 . 2; .0 

Tenth Whelp, William Laurence^ 186 ,60 18 

Kenfifli Frigatt,— John Mildmay, 1*9- .^i( -— 

-lllipeit, . I II William Rowc, 1}^ 49 9 

.Wdcraie Pink,— John Green, _ ijj 40 io 

Xtfreafe, Rob. Moulton, jun. i}} 4c'r — 

.Trial, ■; — ^ Robert Browne, Joo 40 10 

RoyaJift, ' ■■ — Owen Co»e, ' 100 40 — 

Charles, . Robert Clerk, 50 20 6 

Gf^en. Frigate, John Fanner, f, , xo 6 

WeynionthFrigwe, JohnFierce, — ' 40 —- _ 

Lilly Frigate,— — John Lamberti 80 4; 8 

Swaa;Frigate,—% Robert Qarlce, — ^o . —• 

Nicoiieniu), -4-^ [Thomaa Foiy, " ~*Bo" 45 ■.!• . 

.,!; V-"" Total of Men— ^4546 . 

..'^ MtnitmlShipi, '. . ' Qmmandtri, ' 7»iU,i4tii,Gmt. 

Conflant Warwick^ John Gillbn, 309 96 2$ 

. I}ifcovery, Thpmai Plonkett, ^;'o ■ 100 18 

Tme liove, — — JeV. Coachman, a6o ' 78 it 

Prefident Frigate,- Peter Whitley, ,■ ^ 250 86 l6 ■ 

Harry, ■ \Aa ElUlbn, ' 300 ' ' gO' i'4 

, ^rk, >— - " Robert BramUe,' ~ ' soo 60 I'O 

Magdalene, — — ' John Hofier, ~ 200 ' 56 16 

-Cehancc, John Whitley, jSo 90 26 

. Thomas and Lncy, — '~ ^" 260 " Sd 20 

■ Moorcock, ^' "Robert Phnpot, V40 44 'o 

-- Samuel, Edward Seymor, aSo- 75" 24 

' Joffelin, ■ " — Jamei Moultoa, 196 jQ '" 

j^ucy, .-: Elia* Drew, 140 48 il 

Hopewell, — -^— BenjaminTrueman, 90 33 10 

Meffengcr, — ■■■ - Thomas Scale, '120 4O 10 

. Delight, — — . Thomas Wilts, ' -^j 74 — ", 

He^, " ■■ •— ParkhurS, "^ 300 70 ' 10 

ifllcffing. — — Wenold, "^ 220' «o f8 

~ Totalof Men— -'lajj • - 


Bf E-NG L A'N'D. ^ , -'ifs ; 

MtwtaramiuKu, Befidea hu ,Mwefty*a Sliips be-'Xa. Vpu. k, ^ 
Tore named. Order is given, by me Committee pf \'-~^'---*f - 
%ofds and ConiToons for the Admiralty and Civ^t 'f^i^am. 
Pertly that all other fcrviceablt Ships of the Navy 
£oyal }x graved, and fitted to ^ fprtti to Sa 
upon any fudden Exigent for the Defence >of the 
Kiilpddm : And that the Mafters, WardefUi and 
Affiftaats of Trhiiiy-Hnift fliallgivci Order for 
graving and fitting for Sea, thirtf other able Mer^ 
,ch^t Ships thatip^y be aUb ready ta be Icntifor^, 
upon arty emer^nt Occafion,^ for the Kiiigdom's 

. . Feb.. i-i^ Thfi-Padiament. having voted a Regi- 
aita^ of Horfe, called^ 5k IT'omat Fairfai^i Life- ch^ of a Ra- 
Guards f ulelcfs; on applying, tcf tUe.-Qenerid tuft, gimeatof Tm- 
to have his Ctxifent, they we^e ^diAianded, and a ^"'^^ 
Regiment of Firelocks ordeied to b* raifcd and 

(^ipedjin-their ft^ad.; Inhere' is^ an EAjmate en- 
tered in the Jmtmali of the -whole -Charge ^«- ^ 
Month, of maintaining fuchra Kcginwnt'i which 
•may give the Rcadeta Notioiv of t^ £xpence of 
A ^lol^ ^rmy at.$hat Time, and ferve as a Con- 

,^aft ta the State <i^ the Mari^ bfnforf gixou ' 

iA Xiis.T ef the dt^y i^ mstuhlf Pay. iif ^c6 Fire- 
locl^, with i^MTS ntMffitrf fir Jhe font, far ite ,- 
tht Gmerats Guard ; with \ the : Pm af the ■ Offi- 
terS) atcarding to the Etitertaimuii if the Foat- 
OffiitTi in the Army under Sir Tbomas Fairf»c. 

GSNEKAI. Of^'XC£119. 

per Dlfmi i j far Mtnftm, 

■^^-\ "; « .'^'•1^: V:. '■ •■ '■ ■ 

Major, *- — 9 i-o' , ' 12 12, o 
J Qi^mer-Mafter, ,r~:0,5** 700 

"Provoff-MarQial, — ' o 5 '-O '-700' 
'Surgcon» — ■ — o 4 o , , 5 la o , 

r 3 o 32 4 o 



«j{S ?2» PtrBamntar^ H >»T q X r 

^^^^"-^ Tbi«Coi6ja.i*«f Fire-sock* 

-^»— / ■ pefDim. 


^•'***'= A A rf. 

r. ,. d. 

Captafat, - -■ - . 15 

■ 11 Q o 

Lieutenant} - ' ' b 4 &' 

5,11 o 

la&ffiy - - - 030 

. 4 ♦ o 

Three Corporab ■ 
and two Dhims, ■ 5 tf' 
■ tt I J. eac*, i ' ' 

♦ ♦ « 


"oS^>""'l s 6 


6 Iff & 

I^» « 

Rate the Pay of 

four fuch Coni- 

paniesteachcoi^? jfi- ©■ O 

■74* • 

fiftin^ rf" 100 

,. ... 

Men* aoelv&te ■ 

3» 10 0' 

9id a 

GoKnaOfiorv I 3 « 

3» 4 « 

Sam Total — 33 i* a 

941 4 

to be idpited 1 

upon the Public/, 
laidl. acooi^-l 

fag»tbe&i-> » 3 " 

4 4 • 

jMffff, eoetbiid 

of the Major'! 

, P;^,rt!ichi» 

Of the Proyoft- „ , , 

Strl&l-sPay, J ° ' » 

DraC>uaiter-Ma- „ . « 

«,.« * 

» 6 » 

. CiarritdKir o 6 + 

8 17 8 



- {f E N O L A N D. 257 

' ftr Diem per Menfem Aa. » c«. U 

Sroaght inter 064 8 i? 4. , ''* i' - 

And half Pay of ""*" 

each of the Jive 

Captains, if^s. I I 17 6 ji lo O 

Lnd halt t^y of \ 
each of the Jive I 
Captains, at 7 1. L 
6 d. each ftr I 
IXem J 

3 10 6i 7 4 

■ Buttotakeoff Tome Part of the exccffive Charge 
bf kee[nng fo many Antiies on Foot, a ^ott h»d 
twen palled by both Houfes, for reducing the 
'fupemutnerary Hoifc in the Scats Army to the ' 
Humber i^reed sn by the firft Treaty} which vas 
1000 HorK and jooo Dragoons^ as already ob* 

'tht Parliament had tio Very material Bufineli 
liefore them for fome Days,' except we mention 
the new Prepa^iens for Peaa^ which were dill 
""Carrying on tn Die ad Diem, and many Confe- 
rences were held betwixt the two Hoiifes abour 
tliem, too tedious here to mention :' We ihall 
therefore poftpone this Af&ir till we come to th^ 
Refult of them all.^ 

A Difpute arofe alfo between the two Houfea 
ribout a new Ordinante for Martial Law ; which 
the Commons had fent up, and the Lords would 
"not pafs in the Manner and Form they had fent 
it : This Affair occ^ioned fcveral Conferences } 
die Lords arguing. That this new Law ftruck ^t 
feveral of their Privileges; and concluded with this 
encient Adage, Nalumus Leget jfngUa mulari. 
The Comnions were as refolute on their Side, fo 
that nothing was yet concluded on between them, 
-as to this Bufuiefs, 

The great Succefs of Sir Thomas Fmrfa3?s Ai^ 

mi in the fTeS of England, induced the Parlia- 

Voi. XIV. a, ment 


.258 ^ Parliatttentay History 

Ail. %i Cu. I. tnent to appoint a Conunittee of Members of tlitf 
i6+5- Houfc of Commons to go down into Dnanjhire 

'' 'ublanj. ^^^ Certnvall ; for whofc Di region the following ^ 
Jnflru£lions were agreed on by both Hoitfcs. The 
Names of thefe Commiffioners were Sir yahn 
SampfieU and S'lTjehn Nertbcittf fiarts. %' Sa- 
naal Reile, Sir Edmiard Fnvtll, and Sir Jphd 
Ttung, Knts. Franch Buller, Anthtnf NicbaBy 
Francis GeJelphtttf Rjcbard' Erifej, and Tbtmta 
Arundel, £fc[uires. 

tlw Conmooi to X opced, into the laid Countie* of Dtvoa 
(heir Conunlttte ' and CofHUiallf or either of them. 

* by have fuU Power and Aiichonty, within the 

■ faid Counties of Dtven and CanrwaU, to do and 
< execute all fuch Matters and Things, at anj 

* Committee within the Wtfitm A0bciation may 

* or can do and executet by virtue of any Antho- 

* rity granted them £ram bodi Houfes of Parila- 

* ment. 

* You, or any three ot more of vott, are hercf 

■ by enabled to call before you fuch of ths Inhai- 

* bitants of the faid Counties of Devon and Qem^ 

* luail as you fliall think fit ; and to take Infor- 

* mation from, and advife with them, and any of 

* them, concerning the better and more perfeS 

* fettling the laid Counties in their Obedience to 

* the Parliament ; and the more eafy and indiC- 

* ferent Raifmg of conAant Pay for the Soldiers of 

■ thofe Counties, and the cutting off all unnccef- 

* fary and fuperfluous Charges. 

* You are to vlfit, view, and examine the State 

* of the Garrifons within the faid Counties ; and 

* to confider what conflant Force is neceilary to . 

* be raifed and maintained for their Defence; what 

* the monthly Pay of the faid Force will amount 

* unto f how the fame may be raifed j and what 

* Garrifons will be fit to be continued. 

* That' there J* no Want of ProviCons and 

* other Ncccflarics for, the Army now in tbois , 

' i-arts. 


' tf E *J G LAND; S59 

* I^artsi yon arc hereby authorifed to fend Vfxr- *n« *t Cir. r. 

* rantst under the Hands of any three or more of , ''*i' , ' 

* you, into the faid Counties of Devon and Corn~ Fehnjur. 

* Vfo/l, for the furnifhing of Provifions and other 

* Necellartes for that Army, as need Ihatl ie- 
' quire, 

' Ydd a^e likeVife t» endexvour thu alt Prb- 

* vifioi^ and dther Necd&ries, provided by ^our 
'^ fd ordered, that Account may be made 

■ * What is taken ; to the end that fuch Provifiorii 

* hjay be difcounted u^ the Pay of the faid 

* Fotresi 

* Yoii aite.totake Care that the feveral Orji- 

* tufncei of Parliament be put in' diie Execution 

* agatnft Papiftl ahd Delinquents, nbtwithdand- 

* ingany Protcftioil whatfoeVer. 

* TTiat when the faid Gbuntics, or any Part of 
« them, Oiall be reduced to the Obedience of tiie 

* Parliament, you fhall take Care that the Ordi- 
*• nana for d\e Dirtiiety- 'be putin' Execution ih 

* all Parillies within the faid Counties oi Devm 

* and Csnnvall: ' And you fliall take further Care 
^ tfcat the Juftices of the Peace do fwear Confiablcs 
*and other Officers, being able and well-affeftcd 

* Perfons, in the room of thofe who have been 

* forinerly employied by the Eiieniy, and have pro- 

* moted their Service. 

- • Of all emergent and incident Things, as come 
«'rtOt' within the Compafs of thefe Inflrailionsy 
' and yet do or may concern the Welfare of the 
■ (saA Counties, or the State in general, you are to 

* ccrttfy both Houfcs, or the Committee of I^ords , 

* aiwi Comjnons for the JVeftern Aflbciation. Pro- 
< vided that no Power hfereby granted, or intend- 

■ ' ed, flull Extend to the lejlening or diminifliiiig 

* any Power formerly granted to Sir Thamai Fair- 
^ fax^ General.' 

Fth. 20. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lord* 

acquainted them. That the Seals Comraiffioners had 

ilelirered to him two Letters, from the Parliamenf 

R 2 of 



The ParUBtnentery History 

frem tbtScoM 
Pailiameot, prtT- 
t»l the Stttk- 

An. i> CiT. i>of thatKingdom^wlAaDefiretobecoinmunicaEed 
' ■■ '^*^ • *° ^^ Houfcj, which were read : 
Febnwy. Right HmtunAk, 

TH £ Eftatcs of Parlument of this Kingdom 
have confidered the Defires of the Honour- 
aMc Houfes, concerning the Garrifon^ placed by 
the Scoli Anny in the Towns and CaAIes of Car- 
lyU, NewcaJiUf Tinnuuth, Harilepael, Stuiten, 
U^arkwirth, and Tiirlwaly exprelTed in the La- 
ter of the 14th of Navemter laft ; and have fent 
InflriK^ions to their Coramiffionen to give fueh 
«n AnfwtT to the Honourable Houfes, as they are 
confident may ferve moft for promoting the Caufe 
wherein both Kingdoms are fo highly engaged, 
and carrying on the War to the bell Advantage. 

* They have fur^er given Dire£lion to £eir 
Commiffioners to make known to the Honourable 
Houfes* the eameft Defu'cs of this Kingdom for 
the fettling of Religion and Church-Government, 
(which aa it was the principal Ground of their 
Engagement in this Caufe, fo will the Ferfe£tiiig 
of it oe their chiefeft Joy, and Glory of both 
Kingdoms) and their Propenfion for carrying on 
the War with the united Affection and Forces of 
both Kingdoms, and that no good Means be left 
unefTayedfor attainingafirmandlaftinePMcr} JC 
being the conAant Resolution of this Kingdom, 
agaitm all Oppofition, to flrengthen and cheriih 
the Unity and brotherly Kindnefg between the 
Kingdoms } and, ftatt fettled with Truth, and 
thefe Things performed by the Honourable Houtes, 
(which by the Treaty tbey are obliged unto) to 
recall the Scots Army, with as great Alacri^ as 
they were ready to <end the fame into Bnglandtcx 
the Affiftance of their Brethren. 

* The Inconftancy of the Weather in this Sea- 
fon hath been an tmpediment to the Paflage be- 
twixt thia and Ireland^ fo as they have not yet had 
ai) Jnfiuer to their LttUr fent uiither concerning 
Belf<0 \ but they have commanded their Com* 

* mittee 


e^ E N G L A N D. 261 

* mittee to return Anrwer to the Honourable A» «i Cw. f. ' 

* Houfcs in that 'Particular, how foon they fliall ^^*i' ^ 

* receive Infonnation concerning the fame, I ^~7i^^a~^ 

Ttar afftStianatt Friend 
Fi*. 3, «4S. mtd humble Strvmtf 

Crawford tm/ Lindsay, 
PrtJidtiA af ParUamoA 

The other Letter was ftom the lame to the fame, 
and bore Date the fame D17. 

Sight HatuwabUt 
' A S the Parliament of this Kingdom doth ac- 

* /V knowledge the Zeal and Endeavours of the 

* Honourable floufes of Parliament, for the good 

* Progrefs already made towards Reformation of 
"■ Religion, and Uniformity of Church-Govern- 

* ment : So it is expc^ed, that (when they fhall 

* feriouilyconfiderthebrodierlyAliedion and great 

* Sufferings of this Kingdom, who, from a peacc- 

* able Condition which we formerly enjoyed, did 
' engage ourfelres in a dangerous and bloody War 

* with England againft their Enemies, when their 

* Af^rs were in the, hardeft and lowcfl Condition, 

* upon a mutual Leagu* and Cavmantj to fettleReli- 

* gion and Church-Government according to the 

* Word of God, the Prafticc of the belt Reformed 
< Churches,andasmightdrawthcneareftUn)formi- 

* tybctwixtthstwoKingdoms, which wasacknow-r 

* lodged to be the chief Ground of craving Aid and 
' AmAance from this Kingdom ) the Honourable 

* Houfcs will now, after fo mature Deliberation, 

* add their Authority and Civil Sanftion, without 

* further Delay, to what the pious and learned 

* AlTembly of Divines, upon mature and accurate 

* Debates, have advifed to be m<ril agreeable to 

* rfie Word of God j and perfect what remains to 

* be done in the Work, according to the Covenant ; 
( which I am commajided by the Parliament of 

R 3 ' this 

■ r..„ .,Gyt)^le 

afilE ITbe Varliamnttary His -ran r 

n SI Or. L < this Kingdom to demand, and do accordingly, iq 

' *^' . ' their Names, demand of the Honour^lc Houfes 

f(tin»rvl' * of Parliament oi England: The Pcrfonnance 

^ whereof will be molt acceptable to this Kirk and 

f Kingdom, as a fpecial Secmnpence of the La- 

f hours and Blood which hath been flwd in a^ft- 

* ing you (ro promote the Cairfe of God ; and will 

* be a Means to procure God's Bleffing upon the 
f' Proceedings andUndertakings of both Kingdoms. 
' And the Parliament of this Kingdom is perfuaded, 

* that the Piety and Wifdom of the Honourable 

* Houfes will never admit Toleration of any Sei^ 

* or Schifms, contrary to our folemn and facred 

* Cffvenanl. 

* The next Dcfire of the Parliament of this 
( Kingdom (and which of all Things next to Truth 
f is moft defirable) tS, That all lawful Means be 

* ufed for attaining a juft and well-grounded P«(i«.' 

* For which End I am commanded to defire, and do 
' accordingly, in the Name of the Parliament of 

* this Kingaom, defire, That the PrepsJU'Mi of 

* Peaci be difpatche^ to hi,s Majefty j and may be 

* fo puriued and mai)aged as may beft procure the 

* fettling of Truth and Peace, that there may be 

* an End of the great DiHra^tions and unnatural 

* War of all the three Kingdoms. 

* This Kingdom lieth under the Burthen of great 

* and yafl Expence in raifmg and entertaining Ar- 

* mies \ and h^th, with the Lofs of the Lives of 
1 many precious Men, fct their own Houfes on Fire 

* to quench the Flame of yours, and almoft -de- 

* flroyed their own Nation to preferve yours. And 

* feeing the fcafonable AlEftance ailbrded by this 

* Kingdom to you, and by thelate Succefleswhcre-r 
^ with God hath bleffed your Annies, you are in 

* a great Meafure freed of your Trouble ; and are 
\ in a far better Capacity to pay the Money due to 
\ our Armies in Englmd and Ireland, than you 
\ were at any Time fince the Beginning of tBefe 
f Wars ; I am likewife commanded by the ?ar- 

* Jiamentof this Kingdom to demand, andaccord- 
i ingly do^ in (hpii Name, demand of the Ho, 

■ ' ' ', noutablc 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

•/■ENGLAND. , 263 

nounble Houfes of Parliament, to make Pay- Aa. n Cu. 
ment, before thethirdof Jlfaynext, oftfaeSumi ''*i' 
of Money duly ow|ne by them to this Kingdom^ _V" ' 
and their Annies in England and Inland^ accord- 
ing to the Trtatiit betwixt the two Kingdoms ; 
the Account whereof will be given in by our 
CommiffionerSf that this Kingdom may be there- 
by relieved of (he great Burthens and PreJTures 
of our Debts contraOed in this Caufc, and be en- 
abled and encouraged for joint carrying on of the 
War, till the Church of God be fettled tn Purity 
and Peace. 

* And it is furdier craved from the Juflicc of the 
-Honourable Houfes of Parliament, That tbey 
will take into their ferious Coniideration the great 
Lofles fuflained by tliis Kingdom at Sea, thxo* 
the Non-Attendance of their Ships upon our 
Coafls, according to the T^t£ty, a|id make Re- 
paration thereof J and of the Lofles which Se§t- 
umd bath fuflained by the Irifii Ifivaiton, whicb 
die Kingdom of Bngiand is bound to fuppref^ by 
the iargt Trtaty. In all which the DeTires of the 
Parliament of this Kingdom are no other than, 
That Religion and Church-Qovernnient may be 
fettled according to ourCmmtJta: That the War 
ntay be carried on with brotherly and conftant 
Ane^on, by the joint Councils and Forces of 
IxXh Kingdoms : That a well-grounded and du- 
rable Peaamajht endeavoured betwixt the King 
and his Subjefts : That Payment may be made 
of the Sums due to this Kingdom and our Armies 
by Treaty ; and that (againlt the Malice of our 
open Enemies, and fecret Plots of fuch as, for their 
own Ends, are labouring to fow Sedition betwix; 
Brethren tied by fb many Relations) mutual A- 
mity and Union between the Kingdoms may be 
ftrengthencd and perpetuated to all Pofterity.' 
[Subfiribed as beftre,'^ 

Ftb. 34. A Vtit of the Houfe of Commons was 
hvught up to the (^r<js for their Concurrence, to, 

R + uk5 


, '*^^' of the Crown; and this without aAungthe King's 
^^■febrnuV. Confent about'it, although^ in the Reign of Kin^ 
Jamei, the Parliament had offered that Monarch 
the Slim of ipo,ooo/. for.jt by way of Purchafcj 
da mentio)ied at large in our Fifth Voluine. This 
Affair ftands thus entered in the Lords favmaU : 
' A MeDage was brought from the Houfe of 
The Court of Commons by Sir Henry FOu, juti. That, io tbis 
iffait iboUBitd Time of great Diftradlions, wherein the Lordsi 
ac^u P«i'^ and the Houfe of Commons, and the whole King^ 
■ ' dom have ventured their Liveis and Foctunev fo* 

% Recompence v> the whole Kingdotn they have 
a Right to take away a great Burden i tbtstfor^ 
have made a Vote, wherein thp Houie of Com-^ 
mons defire their Lordlhips Concurtcnce. 
The Vote was read as follows : 
* That the Court of Wards and Liveries, and 
•11 Wardfhips, Liveries, Primer- Seifihs and Ouftrft 
les MaincE, and all other Charges incidcntoi arifin^ 
for or by reafon of Wardfhip, Livery, Primw/- 
Soifins, and Quftre les Maines, be ftopi this I>a^ 
taken tyay : And that all Tenures by Homage^ 
and all Fines, Liccofes, Sdfures, and Patrons foe 
Alienation, and all other Charges incident there- 
unto, be likewife taken ^way : And that all Te-> 
^ures by Kijights Service, either of his Majrily. 
(ir others, or by Knights Service or Socage in Ca'- 
pile of his Majefiy, be turned into Free and Cobi-< 
^on Soo^,' 

' Refihed, upon the Q^ieftion, JVIf»i. Ctn. * Tha^- 
this Houfe agrees to this Vott as'it is now brought 
iip from the noufe of Commons.' 

It is very remarkable that this Vatt was pafled, 
\)y the Commons, agreed to by the L<ords, an<^ 
ordered to be printed and publifhed, all on one and 
("he fame "Day, 

Mr. Whitie'cie writes. That this Vote took its^ 
^ife from an Ordinance being debated in the Houft; 
ff Co«imonSj for liifcbargipg t^c ^ardftip. of 
." ' ■ ' ^ 


<f ENGLAND. s6s 

ibit Hein Male of Sir Chriftipher Wraj^ who died An. si cir. ^ 
in the Parliament's Service : And that thereupon . '^*i' 
^ Original o£ 'VVardfliips, the Milapplication of rcbruiiy, 
the lotention cf them, and the prefent Opprcffion 
fo the Families pf Noblemen and Gentlemen by 
^wm, was opened to the Houfe by Seldex^ Mdynard^ 
$t. Jebu, hiiniFlf^ and other Lawyers. 

It has been already mentioaed that an Order 
ym made for a public Thankfgiving for the Taking f^*!'"^^ 
oiCbtJitr: — But, before the Day appointed, there jm«bjIsirTiii^ 
came a Lttiir from Sir Tbemai fairfax, giving an inu Fm^Cie. 
Account of the great Succels he )^ad gained over 
the King's Forces commanded by the Lord Heptm, 
near Tirri^gfvr, in DevMjhirei whereupon the 
PaHiamcnt ordered that the fame Day fhouM be < , 

pblcrved as a Thankfgiving for both ; and that the 
Minillcrs fhould take particiilar Notice of each to 
their refpemve Auditories. 

This Letter was addrefled to the Speaker of the 
lloufe of Commons, and isprinted at large by Mr^ 
Iij4ft>wartb{t)i which we tiicrcfore pafs over with 
m Reference: 3ut, in JuAicc to that Gentleman's 
(JoIUiiitMSf it is to be oblerved that it is omitted in 
the jfoumais of b.o^h Houfes, 

Fti. a6. A X^tter from the Earl of Rutland 
was read with a Pafitr inclofcd. 

j^er the Lord Grby of Wark, Speaitr of the Houfe 
of Peers at Weftminfter, 

May it pleafe your Lerd^p^ 

I Send your Lordfliiphcre inclofed an Abbreviate 
- of the MuHeia'of the Scuts Army; the Rolls rSSJj'^',;^^ 

* themfelves are very long^ and therefore Copies conctmini ih* ' 

* of them are only fent to the Houfe of Commons ; Muiien of th^ 

* and I befeech you give me X>eave to put your ' ''' 
*i Lordlbip in mind of my former Letters concern- 

* ing thof^ Forces. The Committee of Notting.- 

(ij).Vel.VI. p.j;j. 


7!fe Parliamenfary H 1 8 T o « y 

* bom tell us of the real Eafe which comes to them 
*■ by the 833 /. weekly paid by us to that Army, 

* and that they could not have fubfifted without it; 

* and our Expericoce aJTuTcs us of the Tntdi 
*, thereof. 

' We have pwd four Weeks Payment, and two 

* more are due on Wcdnefday next j (b that th« 

* 6000/. advanced by the Treafurers of (jffJi^rfA'j- 

* Hall will be fuddcnly run out, and we Icnownot 

* how the Inhabitants <A the North Side Trtia 

* can poflibly rubfifl them. We cannot think of 
' any Way for fo many Horie on the North Side 

* Treaty neither doth the Service in thole Pajts re- 

* quire the four^ Part of them, or any m^re Foot 
' than there, are there; and if any of their Horfe 

* fbould come on this Side Tmf, our Forces muft 
■ fpeedily difband, and the Siege*iie raifed ; for all 

* we can do to get ProviHons for thde we bavs 
' will fcarcely fervej and we have full as many 

* Bnglifi Horfe on the South Sjde Trent as are 

* need&l for the Service ; and indeed too many if 

* the Tn"i/bire Committee do not pay theirs, who 
f write to us they are not able, the Satt Horfe a£- 

* feeing on fome Parts of that Coun^ after the Rate 

* of 90,000/. per Menfem ; and which fomc Yor^ 

* fiiri Gentlemen, now with us, fay is^ increafed 

* to 110,000/. per Menftmt But we hope the 

* Committees in TorkJUre will conftder that not 

* to be the Way for the Public or their own Good ; 
• ' but will, through all Difficulties, pay their Forces 

* while they arc employed before Netuark ; the re^ 

* ducing thereof fo much conducing to the Service 
*-of the whole Kingdom, eipecially of the Ner- 

* thern Parts, 

* We earnellly deltrc fpov? autbonfed from th« 

* Parliament of ScetUind may come fpeedilv, and 

* join with us, to order the Scats Army. We have 
i been told thefe eight Weeks that they are daily 

* expeifted, but we hear not of .any on' their Way 
^ towards us. 

T*tir Lard/hip'' s humhle Servant, 
|.i«Jn^Feb .,, . ■ RUTLAND. 


•/ENGLAND. 267 

4nAbbrn»aU tf the MmnfLS tain ^ tht Hfrfit *^ •/*^''* 
fool, and Train of ArtilUry of ibt Scots Amrf at . '^^' , 
Mulkam, the i«A af January, J645, refirrt4 tq ftbmiry. 
i» thefirigoing Xetter. 


The General, the Earl erf* Ltvtn't Regiment 518 

Lieut. Gen. David Lefiefi Regiment - 625 

Maj. Gen. MiddUtan's Regiment - 360 

Lord Bakarrai's Regiment - .... 360 

Sir Frederick Hamilttn't Regiment - 320 

Sir James R/imfay'i Regiment - 412 

Sir /oAh SrwiiV Regiment - - ^jj 

Cof. Van Si(/k'f Regiment - - 304 

The commanded Party t ^ r 104 

The LiferGuard r ▼ ^ t )oz 

Col. Leiden's Regiment ." " " ~ 3^0 

College of Juftice Troop - ~ - , 69 • 
Two Troqps under Liput, Col. Hamibon 1. 

andCapt..Z)i>9 - _ - - J '*>3 

Inalf, befidesDfficm,— 413^ 

f Q T. 

Ear^ MarJhaVi Regiment, -r - f- 37J 

Earl of TvMhardine't Regiment - r 482^ 

Lord St, Clair's Regiment - ' - - _ ^03 

Lord Levingjion's Regiment - _ _ 230 

Sir Thomas Guthrie's Regiment - - . 325 

Sir Jrthur Erjkint's Regiment - - ^7 

Sir David Hume's Regiment - - 534 

Col. Seal's Regiment - - -. 243 

In all, befides Officers, — 2836 

Officers and Men |>elonging to the Tr^n 29 

Vf^aggoners . . - - _ 21 

IiV all — SQ 



^^9 TJbe Parliammfay History 

An. li Or. t. Another Mtjag'e from the King wm this Dayi 
.' ' ^^' t Feh. 28, prefentcd to the Lords by thrit Spcjlwr, 
f«i>[uiY, which was read m tiicfe Words : 

For the Speaker- of th« Houip of pEE&i prv 
Thnpor£.' To be communicated to the two 
Houfes of Pvliamenc at Weftmmfitr., and the 
Comtiiil^nn^ of the Pariiamcnt of Sathmi. 


jM^tt MefTige TTlS Majefty ntedt la mak( m Exeufe, rta' hefint 
JXSto^ «fl m<»-# Meffagcs unto yau ; fir. hi very well 

ttMt. kntvii he aught ntt t» 'd> il, if be either Jiaod tc^n 

Pmliilios of fBmur or hit mm private Intereft ; 
the ene being already' calfei in ^uefiton hy his often 
fending j and the etHet a^redlj fr fudged' if a Ptace 
be concludes fratft that be hath already affkredy he 
having therein departed fro^f many ef his undaiihed 
Rights : Byt natbing being equally dear unte him as 
the Pr'efervatian rf-Hs Peapk, hit Majejty paffiih by 
many Siruplei, Neglt£l}. and Delayi^ and enee mare 
defires yati la give him a Jfeedy AnfWer te his laji 
Meffage ; far his Majejty itlievei if deth- wfry VJe^ 
became him, afier thievery lang Delay, at laji- la utter 
bis Impatience f finee that the Gatds and St^ of ^is 
Sul^its cry fa much far peace. 

Given at the Court at Oxfard^ the ^foh ^f ^f- 
bruary, 1645. 

The fame Day the Lord ffharlan reftarted a Pa- 
per front the Committee of both Kingdoms and a 
Letter^- whiehTverc read, TTie fbnner runstKus ; 

^ Die'Javisy Feb. 26, 1645. 
Jt the C/tmmUtte afbttb Kingdemt at perby-Houfe^ 

4n OrAr fo' ' /^ Rderedy, that it be reported to bdth HouTes, 
Brevniiln| Sir « vY Tbat^ Upon Receipt of an Order the twcnty- 
STntDB *i.To«t. ' ^^'^^^ Inftant, this Committee foi;thw\th gave Or- 
xiih the EoemT ^ der to Col. Fleettuaad and Col.^ fVii'ley to be fa, 
ioiSiai. < obfervant of the Motions of the Forces about 

• Oxford and thofe Parts, that the Defign of the 

* Army in the H^eji might n,ot be difturbcd or in- 

4 ^terr^edi 


, 5f EN QL AN D. 

* tcfrupted by tny Alarms into any of the Parts*' 

* Wtjiviard\ yet we thought it neccflary' that the ^ 
, * Forces vnfii C<d. fyhaUj fliould be kept toge- 

* ther as much as may b« on the "North of Oxford^ 

* to prevent the jwnme of the Forces of Oxftrd, 

■ and the rell of the Garrifona and their Parties 

* with Sir "yatah AJilej ; (which we have IntclU- 

* gence they do intend) who being the grcat^ 

* Number of Forces that the Enemy any where 

* have, may, if they be increafed with thie Addi- ' 

* tion -of tntie about Oxford, give the moft pro- 

* bab)e Beginning to a new Army ibr the King ; 

* for by lying there; they alfo are moft raady to 

* hinder the marching of the Oxford Troops, or 
'* thofe with Sir YiBirai Jftl^t towards Newark, to 
.* interrupt that $iege ; and may alfo bcft preferve 

* the Al£>ciation. 

* Ordirtdy that it be further reported to both 

* Houfes, That We Tiave alfo written to Col. /Vfrt- 

* wttdaoA. Col. Whaley to fend 200 Horfe into a 

* certain Place in Wlltjhirey near' Farringdan \ and 
*■ have deRred the Committee of JVtUi to provide 

* 200 Mulketeers to be made Dragoons, tor the 

■ more fecare lying of thofe Horfe ^ and that the 

* Houfes will take nie fame Courfe to enalile that 
' County to rai& fbme moj« Horfc for their owA 

* Defence.' 

Neitt was read a LtUtr of General Ltpe/tf an^ 
a Deelaratian, 

Fvr tht Right Hen. the CoMMiTTBfe af htth 
jflnf/is vAih tht Amrj heferi Newark. 

Rl^t Honourahle, 

* 1 Acknowledge, with all Thankfulnefs, your Oenml Ullcj'* 

* 1 Freedom m acquainting us with the bafe ^^^' rcktmc [# 

* Caliunnies and Informations invented and fpread S^^lj^^scrti 

* abroad againft our Army ; which I dare fay do Atmj, 

* proceed, for the mofl part, from the A^tivenefs, 

* Jtidufby, and Malice of our Enemies, on pur- 

* pofe to render us hateful to our. Friends, and to 

' divide 


6^6 iU Par^'amtafar^ fl i S t 6 R f 

Hi It Cw. I. « divide (which God avert) the Kingdoms' If pop 

I have ever been moil willifig t V redrefs tW 

* lead Ihjury and Wrong done by any under niy 

* Connbahd i ahd, at this prefept, h'ive the moft 

* of tKein which are complained of by the Inhabit 

* tants of Ticihillm Prifon, upon whomllhalldo' 

* Jullictf moft fevct'ely, fo foon as any of the 

* Crimes tUey afe charge'd with be proved i by which 

* your Lordfli^ riaj Cae how unjuftly we are 

* dealt with: In the befl regulated Armies that 
« ever Were there haiife been Diforders and ,Mit— 
' carriages ; neither Is it lit be eXpc£ted but there 
' have been, and slrej form in oursj conlideriiig 

* how n)uch wc have bdcn ricgl^iteit Itl Dtir Main- 
'f tenance, that fcMnetimes^ fbr tHe Space of feveti 

* or eight Months together; we have rei^elrtd nc' 
"'* Pay i and as it is iio fmaU Matter of Grief toi 

* me when any Mifcarri^ge fall^ outj fo no fboner 

* is ariy Diforder made known to' ihe 6utt put it 

* to TrIaLand Examination, which ii cleir in that 

* of Tieihilly fo much a^t|av^ed ; for I iio' Ibonef 

* heard of the Abufes faid to^ done thefC; biitl 

* caubd to imprifon the Pcr/bns complained ofii 

* I entreated the Commtfltoner? of tha Parliameiit 

* to fcnd.tb TtckhiH fome from thein, where I ap^ 

* pointed honeft and able Men from our Army to 
' meet with them, to h^r the Complaints and. re* 

* poi t to m^, that I might accordingly clear or 

* punifti the Perfons complained of. Tbofe a^ 
' pointed by me went to the Place, but there were 

* none there to meet with thcih ; and the Reafon 

* pretended was, beCaufe the Inhabitants durft not 

* complain as long as there was in the Place a Re- 
' gimcnt %o over-awe them, which I dare fay is a 

* Calumny! wherefore I h&ve removed that Rtf- 
' B:iment, and have renewed itiy Entreaty to thl; 
' Conimiflioners, that they will be pleafed to fend 
< fome from them to Tickhill; where I (hall mcA 

* them with the Perfons complained of, that, If 
' they be found guilty, they may be punilhed ac- 

' cording 


«/• E N G L A K B. l~t 

* Cdrding to the Nature of thrar Faults ; and, ff An, u Cw. h 

■ innocent, they may be cleared. 'f*^;_ ., 

* As to that of Major Blair ; it is a wild Ca- F«»ftiaiT. 

* lutnny, for fulcehis coming to Nauingham he 

* had no Order from me to return to Terkjhire % 

* neither did he return or quarter there fince, but 

■ is yet lying with hia Troops in Derbjfinre. And 

* for our Army, notwithftanding all the heinous 

* Crimes we are charged with, I dare fay never 

* Army lived more peaceably and quietly than vre 

* have doAe ; and that no Army in the Kingdoct 

* is more willing to accept of a Competency for 

* Subliftancc, and to offer themfelres, when com- 

* manded, with all Chearfulnefs for the Advanti^e 
« of the Public Service.- -I am confident that God, 

* who Icnows the Sincerity of our Hearts to this 
' Kingdom, and the Caufe we fight for, will, in 

* his own Time, prove the Truth of this. 

* I have fent you here inclofed a Copy of a De- 

* elaraiiim, which I have caufcd to be publilhcd 

* this kft Sabbath in all the Parifh-Churches where 

* our Forces lie ; a Copy whereof I have alfo fent 
' to the CommiHioners of the Honourable Houfes 

* of Parliament, and to the Committee of Ttrk- 
^ Jhirtj which I entreat you to prefent with this 

* Letter to the Committee of both Kingdoms, and 

* to the Parliament { as alfo to give Affurance 

* to all Friends, that whatfoever Reports may be 

* fpread of our Army^ they may, notwithftanding, 

* reii confident that there (hall be no Diforders or 
' Mtfcarriage in it which fliall not be feverely . 

* puniOied ; that I will expe^ fo much Charity 

* and Juftice from them, Uiat they will believe 

* nothing to our Prdudice upon bare and nalced 

* Informations and Reports ; and that ^cy wiH 
.* fufpend their Judgments till due Trial and Exa- 

* ruination be made : This done I doubt not but 

* we Ihall receive good TefHmonies from our 

* Friends, and malce our Enemies and Accufers 

* aflwmed of tbeir Lies and Calumnies where- 

* with they have charged us, who have been, and ° 

* ever 


t274 ^ PofliamMmij MistORY 

,An> II Cv, 1. 1 liVer fkall be, zealous in abhorring and putufliine 
^ ^ ''*^' . * fuch Villainies } and fliall ertr remain 

*'*T, '**•**' ^"*^ Ltrdfiiips faithful SerVant^ 

'tht DECtARAtioN, mentioned in tbi feregeingt 
unit as feiUuis : 
Ha Deehfuioo * IT/HEREAS both Hoiifes of Parliament have 
promifing to re- » Mr lately givcn Order for providing 15,000/i 
d«niiillPerfo[u t per Men/em, for the. Maintenance of the Forces 
^^^^ ' * beferc Newark under my Command^ it is ex* 

* pefled the Honourable Commiffioners of Parlia* 

* ment will take fpecial Care for due Performance 
' thereof ; whereby the Ahny may, in fome M^a-' 

■ furc, fubftll and be enabled to profecute the l^er- 
' vice wherein th^ are now engaged : 

■ And whereas divci^ Cotlifdaints have beeli madti 

* el&where againft fome in this Army, without 

* making any Addrefs to ua here upon die Place, 

* who have; ever been, and fliall be, moft ready ana 

■ willing to redrefs all juft Grievances } we have 

* thought fit to make known to all the Inhabi- 

* tants in thefe Parts, that we have iflued our Edift 

* and Proclamation, commanding all our Offictra 

* and Soldiers not to prefume, upon Pain of Death, 
'to offer the leaft Wrong or Violence whatfoeveif 

* to any in their Perfons or Goods ; and we do 

* hereby invite all fuch as have, or fhall recnve 

* any Wrong or Injury from any within this Army 

* to make their Repak freely to our Quarters, to 
' exhibit their Complaint againft any Officer or 

* Staler whatfoever; and we do faithfully promtfe 

* that fevere Punifliment fliall be inflijSed upon all 

* fuch as fliall be found guilty upon Trial : As, on 
' the other Part, we expert that none will be fv- 

* forgetful of their Duty, or injurious to this Army, 

* as to make Complaints elfewhere, when Juftlce 

* hath not been denied them upon the Plac^.' 



■ ■' D,o,i,7.<iT,Google 

e^ E N G L A N D. 273 

March. As the laft Month ended with Se<as Af- Am. *\ <Ui. I. 
fairs, Co this Month begins with the fame j for, on ^^*^' ^ 
thb Tecond, the Speaker acquwited the Lords tBat 1,1,^^1,. 
a Letter was delivered him from the Lord ff^arrt- ' ' 

^en, one of the Stets Commiffioners, which came 
from the Parliament of Satlaadf and was read H' 
ibllows : 

Far the Right Hon. the Lords and C o m m o k 9 
. ' affemhUd in the Parliament of England, at Weft- 

5/. AndrewSy Feb. 10, 1644. 
Right Homurabley 
' 15 E I N G appointed by the Parliament of this The Smti com^ 

* mJ Kingdom, now adjourned, to keep Corref-pliin of fomc 

* pondence with the Honourable Houfes of Par- ^'^*''"''^JP«* 

* liament of £«^/a»^; and being intruded with the |t,tiDn, ' ' 

* Purfuance of their Dsfires for the Furtherance of ■ 

* the Common Caufe, and the public and mutual^ 
.* Good of both Kingdoms ; we do, in the Name 

* of the Paiiiament, and by their Authority, cer- 

* tify. That this Kingdom, notwithHanding all 

* their Suf{erings and Difcouragements, are not 

* moved or ibaken from their former Refolutions 
■• and Vows, but willlive and die with theirBre^ 
'* thren of England, in the Profecution of the Ends 
' txpttikd in thtSoienm League and Covenant: Be- 
.' ing confident of the iike Inclination and Refolu- 

* tion of the Parliament and Kingdom of England- 

* againft all fuch groundlefs Sufpicions and nced- 

* lels Jealoufies to the contrary, as bad Inflruments 

* from the Beginning to this Day have been, fronl 

* their Envy of our common Happinefs, and for ' 

* their own privitte Ends, inventing, andfuggefting 
' that all the common Troubles which both King- 

* doms have endured, may end in a public Tra- 

* gedy, to the Scandal and Grief of the Reformed 

* Churches, the hardening and ftrengtheoing of our 
** common Enemies, the making of ourfelves thd 

f Inftruments.ofourownmutual Ruin and Deftruc- 
' tion i and, which is moft of all, the Diflionouf 

* of the great Niiraeof our God, Yjith whom-w* 
- ..y.QU XIV. ' S * have 


«74 Tftf FMi&mntety His TORT 

a. II Cu. I, * bave entered into Covenant for tlie Propagation of 
'^*'" _ ^ * tije Gofpel, and flie Advancement <^ the King- 
Uwb. * *^*'™ **f *•" ^°"* 

* For the prcfcnt, according to the Truft com- 

* mitted unto us, we make our Addrefs to both 

* Houfes in the P;Lrticul3rs fdlowing, aiid do not 

* doubt but we fhall receive fuch Satisfaction U 
■ may be a real Teftimony of their Jufiicc and bro- 
' thcrlj Kindnefii, Upon Fnformation from our 

* Commii£oners there, the Parliament, before 

* their adjourning, did underltand what was writ- 

* ten by one calling himfelF Robert ff^ri^ht, and in- 

* formed by another whofe Name was ktpt in th« 
' Dark, and confirmed by a Letttr of Mr, 'Jermift 

* to the Lord Digby, againd this Kingdom, their 

* Army in England, and their Commiffioners there. 

* The Accufatlons are of fo high a Nature, and 

* fo fophiltioaliy infinuated, that the Parliament 

* (who during their lilting were, upon ail Occa- 

* fions, endeavouring the beft Ways of theprdWv* 

* ing ,thc. happy Conjun£lion of the two King- 

* doms] were much afie^ed therewith, asa Mat- 

* tcr wherein they were much concerned, both for 

* their own Vindication and the Satisfa^on of 

* their Brethren. If there fiialt be any Matter or 
' Ground of fuch Accufatitni found againft anjr 
' Perfon of this Kingdom, oi: our Army, or any 

* of ouA^romiffioners, we aie oolelt willingthat 
"* il be examined and ^uniihed to the fall, than wq 

* defire and cxpc^ that the like be doneagainft any 

* in England that tran^rels in that Kind j which 
■"* is conform to 6ur Cevenant^ whernri we alj 

* fv^ear, Pyiih eU Frntyidtufs to indtavour tht Dif- 

* ttvery of all fuch at have bten, arjhall bty hun- 

* didrieif Maglignanti, tr evil InftrumtnU, bj bin- 

* dtring the Rifermatiox af Religion^ dividmg t^ 

* Kittgfreni his Piapltf «r any ef the Kagdamtfrt^ 

* the ether, that they may bt brought ta PtiUic Triat, 

* and recena ean£gn Purafimunt at tht Degrtt sf 
*. their Offiaues fiall require tr deferve. But let ni 

* defue and^expcd, from our Brethren, all Chari^* 

* Tcndemcfii} and Refpe^, to this Kingdom, outf 


' r..„ ;Gt)t)gle 

1/ fi N C( L A M tt «?j 

^ Alifty, and Commiffionert ; of wh*>fe tdMtfaU *«'. »i C«r. h 

* neft they have had fo large attd manHbld Expfc- . *-*L...ij 

* rieaoe* and Jil their fereral Letters to this King- djncb. 

* dom did give thcni Co amj^e TeftimotTies, that 

* iw Afpemon or Sufpictttiis lie upori them by cofi- 

* ctathig the l^artids of ahy Perfoiifs who «n be 

* tfifcotefedi And thtreforej tetortiing to the Truft 

* Committed unto Us, wc do deftre, in the Name 
,• of the Parlikment and Kingdom 6f Scsl/andi fif 
' ^t Ribtirt h'right be not yee fovtUd out wht» He 

* is, and thai hidSen Knighc, rftef fo long a Time, 

* benot yrt unfecrctedj and rtiade knoWn by Name J 

* ai\ M«an8 iftalybC be wfod for difcwering the onti 

* whofe Letters have been fo frei^uently produceti 

* before the GoMrtnttce of both Kingdoms ; and 

* rtf^lihgtheOHier to OUT Commiflioners, which 
' is inthe Potoftr of fonw of the Members of thS 

* HotAe 6f GoiimKMis to do j that both Kingdoms 

* may be fatisfied when the Truth is brought tc* 

* Li^, and all fuch JealouficS arid Mifunderftand-f 
' ingii prevented for the future; 

* Wedoalfo'rcprefeltt to the ttonourahle Houfe* 
. ■ rf Parliament, that this Kirfc and Kingdom '\i 

* mofe fcHnda!!4Al and grieved in the Matter of* 

* RH^loit, which ihMnediately conceftieth Goit 

* and h)s 'Honour, than in any 'Thing ofi {Tanlt 

* touching themfelves and their o*n Name. 

■ * A Direiiarj for the Worihip of God is agreect 

* Upon in the Aitembly, ihitd authorized by botft 

* Kingdoms, and praSiwl cafefully by this Cmjfch j. 

* bij( the Siryice-B6ok ffiJl retained in (bnjc Placei 
"• of BtigUnd under the Parliameirt'i Powerj an<f 

* the DireSory very much flightedi and by fom# 

* avQwedly written againfti Inftead of the intend-' 

* ed Unity in ReUgion, blafphimous Errors, He- , 
' refies, Sefb.atii Schifma are increafed arid mul-». 

» tiplied through the Want of Church-Govern-* 

* ment. The National Atiembly of thh Kirit^ iri 

* th«r AnftueY to the Dtclwatim of the Parlja-t 

* ment of England, of the Date Jufy, 1642, proj 
^ fcfs. That thentfslnJti, and aH the WiU-affeaei 

* mdatt thi Kiagdtm, are- exctedinsfy grieved ar.J 

, S a- 'mad* 

I..., ^,Gt)t)'^le 

2/6 7h FatlitmeHtaiy History 

"■ iV *^' '** ""'^ f'Atvy, beeaufi the RtftrmMien. of R^glM 

*^'' . - ' bad moved je flvwlyx and fuffrrtd fa grtat Inttmtp* 

MiKh. ' *""' And the Lords and Commons in Pailia- 

* ment aflembled, in their Repfy, did profefs. Thai 
' ihe miferabU Eftait »f the Churtb and Kingdom was 

• * ttrt abU to endure ai^ Uttgfr Delay. Like asy- in 

* their Dttlaratim fent to the General AlTemUj, 

* they profefs, That they da net deubt but to fatU 

* Jiuh a Rffarmatien of ihe Chureh, as Jhould be moft 

* agreeable to Ged't frird. And, in the aforcTald 

* Hepfy, they declare, Thit their Purpoji is to ton-' 
' full with godly and leamtd Divinei, that they tnay 

* fettle fuch a Govefimient as inay be moft agre(able to 

* Gird's me^ holy ^ord. 

' Some Commiffioners from this Kirk have at- 
■ tended the Aflembly of Divines there, for the 

* Sp^ of two Years and a haif ; and, long ago, 
' the Aflembly have offered their Advice to both 

* Houfcsv yet can We hear nothing of the fettling 

* of any Government ) but, upon the contrary, of 

* a real Growth of all Se£ts and Errors, and ij£ 

* great Endeavours for Toleration thereof, which 

* jnaketh us and this Church and Kingdom, w1h» 
' * cannot underftand vihtre the Difficulty and Ob- 

* llru^ion lieth, to wonder at fo long a Delay ; 

* wherein we are very much interefted, not only 

* in relation to the Glory of God, our mutual 

* League and Covenant, and the Peace and Hap- 
' pinejs of that Church and Kingdom ; but »l(m 

* in regard of the Unity of Religion amongft our-' 

* fclves, and of the Peace of this Kingdcnn, which 
. * cannot be long prefervcd from fo dangerous Con- 

* tagion ; which would be more grievous and in- 

* tolerable unto us, than all our Troubles and Suf- 
•- ferings have been : And therefore, from all thefe 
f Con^de rations, in the Name of this Kingdom 

* and Parliament, we do in all Earneftnefs defire, 

* That Church -Govern ment may now at laft> 

* without further Delay, be fettled according ts 

* the Covenant. 

* We do in like Manner prefs what hath bee* 

* folicited by our Ccmmiflioners for the Space of 

• eight 

r..„., ^,Gt)t:)^lc 

•/ENGLAND. 277 

' right Months paft. That the Prefefitians fiw An. si Cr. r. 

* Peaet, after fo much Debate and Deliberation •*4S' 

* ^reed upon unanimouRy by both Kingdoms, the mJcIi ' 

* moft nuttrial whereof have been fiUly treated 

* upon at Uxtritlgey may be forthwith fent to his 

* Majefty; wherein this Kingdom is ithe more earV 
' neft, that they know not the Caufe why the fend- 

* ing of djefe Prepg&lims is fo long fufpended : 

* They long for the End of this unhappy War, by 

* the happy fettling of Religion and Peace j and (o 
*■ much the more, that they do perceive fome would 
' make Ufe of the Continuance of thefe Wars, tQ 

* raife and foment Jealoulies and DifTercnccs be- 

* twixt thefe Kingdoms, and to feparate thofe 

* whom Qod hath K>ftri^y tied for fo good Ends, 

* l^ fo many Bonds and Relations ; and we arc 

* confident will never fufier to be divided, butftill 

* continue them in a finn and blelled ConjunfHoq 

* agatnft all Machinations of Stitam and his In-«. 

* &ument8 $ which fliall ever be the fettled Re« 
f Iblution 9Rd conftant findeavour of 

Tw Itrd^pt 

. ^fft3ianau Friend^ 

and humtU Servant, 

LOUDON, Cancellariust 

As foon as the Ikirds had heard this Letter read, 
they refolved to fend it to the Houfe of Commons, 
witn this Senfe upon it ; That the Lords thought 
fit, for the keeping a good Correfpondency and 
Union between the two Kingdoms, that all pof- 
Able Means may be ufed for the Difgoyery of Rb- 
iert Wright and the unknown Knjght, mentioned 
in the Letter; the other Panicularj th» Houft 
would conlider of in due Time. 

March 4. Some of the Propofitims for Peaet ' 

being now finilbed by die Comaaoas> and sgrcfcd 
V S 3, t» 

r..„ .,Gt)t)gle 

P7l8 7"£tf ParHfitmUary Hj stout 

fat. «i c«, I. to by the Lords, they were fcnt .to the Sects Cdaiw 

^ ' *'" . iriffioners for tbcir ConciiireBoe : But fince thejr 

iuni. 'f* ""f " y^ entefcd tn their Jmraabt we fliaft 

refer aW the following 5f0ti Merrierials aitd R^re-w 

fiHiafitni to Parliament to another PU^Vi wberf 

fhey will beFlcr occur ^| togethtTr 

The Siege of JWntwr* went butrfiowly on, eimry 
I;ich of Qround beiifg difputeid bf -the Bcfieged, 
^he Earl of Rutiand, in a Letter dated irom Zsi-r 
^»^ ^(Tfi^ 3, Wrote Wonl, That tlieir whola 
' Army, on the Smth Side Tr^wf, w^e dvawn to- 
gether} the farthcrmoft Foot Quartera about n 
Mile from the Town } others at Parringdan^ 
^leughtm, and BM^on, fo to ¥rna a^in at 
^lOberp. That Evening ;ibout ^oo Hoifc antj 
Foot of At OarriTon faced theoi, but advanced 
pot Irom under the Covet of tbsir own Gannon, 
The Scots Army were drawirup antiitlftrtb ^ide 
^raity and the Soldien were all fuH of Courage^ 
and very few fide ainongft them. He condudei 
with faying. That be hoped fliortly tp give tlfc 
|!^rds a good Account of the Place, 

Vht eacnmaiM The Commons had been many Months cmplmr* 
Kt"^ "n^' ^ '" forming an Orditunue for fettling of Church* 
J^^ftaU^Governmenf; and this 'pay, ^arch ft, haying 
pf CiKutli-Co. paflfed the faipe, Owy ordered That Mr, Denxil 
' ' flaUes, aco^panted by all 'ih,e Members of the 

Houfe, Qiould carry it up to the Lords for tbei| 
Coijcurreiicc | >vhich ipraj done- the next Dayac-: 
cordingly, .ithe Speaker leaving the Chair in thq 
Interim. Tlje Lords ^ve Anfwcr, That they 
conceived it to be a Bufinefs jof great Weight, a;i| 
frotUd talte it i^to their (erious Confideration, 

M^cb 9. F6r Want of Materials at home, wf 
^all here exhit jt a Copy of ? Letter to the far-! 
liament, from their Agent Mr, Stridl^nd aj thQ 
JJague, with an Account of what was doing abroad^ 
and how ctw.fcft of Etiropt were employed at chi^ 

Ttsft f .- K I 

'r.,„ Gt)t)^le 

^ E N G L A N D. 279 

'Itar dit Right Hon. the Lord G R E Y ef Warlte, An. ti c«. (." 
Speahr of the Houfe of Lords. . '^**- '. 

^y Lards^ M»Kh. 

* C-OME PrapofitionB betwixt Franct and Spain ^^ ^^^^ fj^Bi 

* O have put this State into^reat Confiderations, Mr, StiickianJ^ 

* and are queflionlers as much our Intereft as theirs. " ''^ H»sue. 
^TTie Spaniard makes mapy Addreffes to this State 

* to treat witli it a-part ; but this State, in that, 

* went ioHa Fide j and ^ouid not meddle but by 

* Communication with the French according to the 

* Treaty. Now he olFers, by the Pope's Nuncio 
/'and the Venetian Amba^ador, the Medtatdra at 
,* Mun/itTt to give Flanders, aitd the reft of the 

* f'rovinqes in his Poffeffion, to the French, in Mar- 
-* qagc with the In^ta to the French iCing, upon 
,* ;Cqnditiqn to have Catalonia xeftored, and the 

* Alliance broken with the King of Portugal, 

* Two of the Statet Ambailadors are returned to 

* communicate this, which is Matter of mu<;h 
.* Weight. The Frttuh fay tbey will accept no* 

* thing but by ConTeijt of this State ; but the Staf4s 

* are lo full of this, that they hare fcnt Into aH 
.* ProvJQ^s to have Infhu^ont #hat to do, tf 

* fuch a Refolution be taken, 

* My Lord, .this Bufuiefs hath more troubled 
,■ this State than any Thing yet ever fell oiit iince 
,* I c^me ; and, if it Ihould proceed, it would as 
.* much concern us as them in our neareft Interefts. 

* The /riTBfA Miniftcrs affure this State ho Condi> 
.* tion will be o^ered Qor taken by them, but by 

* mutual Confent, It were to be wilhed thofe ho* 

* nourable Perfons (o), mentioned to come hither, 
,* were here ; that thofe [ittereftsj 'which concertt 
. < us fo nearly, might be managed by tbofo whofe 
,* Abilities and Int^rities might promife'wbetter 

* Succeb. 

* rf,^aaf< and5/iM»m?keaPea£ewithoutdw 
*StattSf it lei^ders our Alliance taoie valuable*} 

S 4 'artd 

(#) The Lord KUtnt and illr H"^ Km, fenioi, ii «dl t> Mr. 
,Siri(ltlaiiil, woe appMi^td jp nfidC aCtbtJfi{f«> on Isbilt' of ll^ 

'^vHuMBi: But Ih* Uua «lf west. 

r..„...,,. .,Gt)t)^le 

a8o Th ParJiameniary History 

An. «t Or. 1.* and, however, ours wil! bemore coniiderable be- 

\ '^^' , * fore any Peace at Munfter than after. Many 

MMdt. ' think thcfe OiFers are efpecially made to divide 

* the French and the States, or at Jeaft to make 

* both lefs in bafle for the Field this Sununcr. I 

My Lerdst 


B«™, Mi^i If Ytur l9rd/hif't humhle Servant, 

Aboutithii Time alfo an Ordnance was pafled 
for fettling and regulating the Herarlds Office ; to 
effedl which Mr. ff^itiacie tdls us he much la- 
.boured, and was one of the Committee for iJiat 
Furpofe ; but that he was oppded by many inclin- 
jed to Levelling. 

March 14. The Lords having agreed to the Or- 
Snance for fettling of Prefbyterial Church-Govern- 
xnent, the fame was ordered to be forthwith print- 
ed i but we do not meet with it in any of the Col- 
Je^lions of thefe Times. It is thus entered in the 
yaurnaJs: . ' -. ' 

^n Ordinance /w iteping ef fcaniabui Perfins 
from the Sacrament of the LoreCt Supper ; the en- 
abling of Congregations fur the Choice of Eliiers j 
endfupplying of Defefis in former Ordinances and 
Direiiians of Parliament C9ncera\ng Churcb-Gt^ 

The !•» men- « HP H E Lords and Commons, affembled in 
T«mtr^ ' -* Parlwmem, being very fenfible of the 
Jtoufw; ■ v*. gtM.Duty whidJ lietb upon them to fettle Mat- 

• tera concerning Religion and the Worihip of 
;* .Almi^ty God j and' having continually befo^ 
.« their. Eyes the Covenant which they have fo fo- 
■ * lemnly taken for the Performance thereof, and the 

* manifold Motives and Encouragements thereto 
.t .xybi^h arc given thenj from God himfelf, by '« 

, 4 ■ ■ «fpedd 

r..„ ^,Ct)t)^le 

o/ EN G L AN D. aSi 

* rpecial Hand of Providence pouring forth daily An. si cw. u ■ 

* jilercics upoiT them ; in Difchargc of their Du- , '^S' 

* ty, and in purfuance of the fald Cevtiumt, and tSvAt 

* in Thankfufnefs to God for all his Mercies, hav^ 

* ing diligently :^>plied theipfelvcs to that Work 

* of his Houfe I by his Grace and Ai&ftance they 

* have made feme Progrcfs therein, notwithftand- 

* ing the Exigency of other Affairs, accompanied 
^ oftentimes with great and imminent Dangers | 

* and notwithftanding the great Difficulty of the 

* Work itfelf, in divers Reipe£ts, and particularly 

* in the right jointing of what was to be fettled 
" with the Laws and Government of the Kingdom j 

* the Want whereof hath cauTed much Trouble ia 
« this and other States : Yet, by the merciful AC- 
' fiftance of God, having removed the Book of 

* Cimmcn-Prayer, with all its unneceflary and 

* burdenfomc Ceremonies, and eflablifbed the Dtr 

* reUery in the Room thereof; and having abolifhr- 

* ed the Prclatical Hierarchy by Archbifbops, Bii- 
'* {hops, and their Dependants J and, inftea^J therer 
■* of, laid the Foundation of a Prelbyteriai Go 
■* vemment in every Congregation, with Subordi^ 

* nation to Claffical, Provincial, and National 
■-* AiTemblies, and of them all to the Parliament j 

* ^though it cannot be expected, that a prefe;it 

* Rule, in every Particular, fliould be fettled all 
'* at once ; but that there will be need of Supplcr- 

* ments and Additions, and haply atfo of Altera^- 

* tions in fome Things, as Experience (hall bring 
•to Light the Neceffity thereof; yet were the 
■• Fundamentals, and fubftantial Parts of that Go- 

* vemment long lince fettled in Perfons by and 
'* over whom it was to be exercifcd ; and the N^- 
■* tur'e. Extent, and refpeftlve Subordiiiatiori pf 

* their Power was limited apd defined : Only, 

* concerning the Adminiftration of the Sacrament 

* of the Lord's Supper, How all Aich Perfons sfs 

* were guiltv of notorious and fcandalpua Offences 

* might be fufpentled from it, fome Difliculty a.if- 
ig, not fo much iii the Matter itfelf, as in the 
mimer. How it flwuld be dotie, and who 



f Mam 

iSa 72tf Patliamentflry H i s t p R r 

■, 11 Or. I. « il)oiild bp the Judges of the Offeijf^ j the ti^^ 

*^\ ^ . * afid .'CpmoKins havu^ it aj^r^ys in (heir Furgpfc 

ti^nfh ' and Intention, ^nd it being accorditigly d.^cl^ed' 

* and rcfolx^ by ibei^T ThaLall Sorts of ^nptprii^iti 

* fcASdalotis Offenders Qiquld .t;e .fuipicjweiJ ifQiV 

* the Sacr^ipqit J for the Pfev^ntihg ijf .^n tiid,?fi^9 

* and unlimited Fow^r in thej^ldejclhips, th^.b^lj 

* it fit, for the grcfent, t,hat the p^rtieiUar Qife^^qf 

* fuch fcandalous OfFcni^es Ihould be fpei:i^ed aptf 

* enumerated ; wjth expccfs Declaration, T^at 

* further Prtjvifion (hould be made, b^ AutbQfjty 

* of Parliament, for fuch C^Ces^ )WWcIcft''":t:qf 

* the faid 3ni"nerarion ; Wijich accordingly ,h^»^r 

* ii\gfince t»ken into their ferious Confid^adonj 

* ^lid having had fev^ral Debates thereupon* is Ov 

* DifiKulty qf the Master j-equircd, which hiwit 

* ^Skxa up much Tin^c ; fqr the avoiding, a* Jv 

* ix potable may be, all arbitrary Po^cr; and th^C 

* »1I fuch Caf^s wherein Perfpns flwidd be fufpcndj- 
*.ed from the Sacrasnent of the Lopd's Su^fqr 

* might be brought to ^e .Cognizajicc, and ^i^ 

* the Judgment of the Parliament, who ;ffere boiuid 

* in Tujlicc, as well to take care that none be iiv 
,* iunoufly detained from that Ordin^^^ a^ Xog^ 

* Power, whereby fiich may be kept away '^fhp 

* are unfit to partake herein ; and to the Inteot 

* alfo that a full and iMcdy Coivfe n^ fetded 

* .to enable.the feveral Eldcrfiiips to fufpendall fucb 
" Offenders &om the Lord's Supper, if/ithout Juvj- 

* ing recourfe to the Parliament itfcif frpm all 
' •« Parts of the Kingdom upon every ("Mch enjeijgeijt 

-* Cafe, whidi might prove troublewmo'and tediQU3» 

* and ^ve.Liberty to fuch notorious and fcand*- 
" lous OJFcnders to communicate a long Space in 

■ the faid Ordinance} and to ^e Intent lilcewtfa^ 

* that all fuch Caiei coming firft from the pajti- 
'* cular ElderOtips may, after they have pafled tl^Q 

* Judgment of Parliament, return again to all the 

* feveral Eld^bips within the Kingdom, to pro^ 

* ceed upon them, from Time to l^ime, in Iilg& 

* Manner as in the Cafes enupverated : For tl\q 

* Ends and Purpofcs i^ore&jd, and alfo foi ^pl|r 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

of ENGLAND.. sSj 

«f foiBeQefc^s in the foriper Ordinance and Di- *"■ *' '^" ^ 
reflionc of Pariiament, concerning the Choice of , ' 1^L_/' 
Elders and fomc other Matters : hUidt, 

I, ' Be it Ordatnfdf That there be forthwith a 
Choice^mSfJe of Elders throughout the Kingdom . 
of England, and Domiripn of fVa!u^ in thc.rc- 
(pctSive Pari fli -Churches and Chapels, accord- , 
ing to fuch Direftions as have already pafled both 
Houfcf* heariflg Date 7fugi0 the Nineteenth, 
1645* 3fld fincc that Time ; And all Claffes, 
ana Pajrocbial Congregations, arc refpcdtively 
hereby 8Utl)orized and required, forthwith effec- 
ttidly to proceed therein accordingly, 

II. * That I^otice pf the Election of Parochial 
and Congregational Elders, and of the Time 
vrbeR it [wall be, be given by the Minifter, in 
the public Aflenibly, the next Lord's Day but 
one bofore: And that, on that,faid Lord's Day, i 
Sennon be preached, | thaCwaight]^- 

IIL * Thai fuch Ele^ons Ihall be made by th^ 
Congregation, or the major Part of them, then 
aflembled, being fuch as have taken the Natianat 
Ceveaant, apd anj not Perfons under Age, nor 
Servants that have no Families. 
IV. « That the Tryers of Eleftions of Elders 
(ball have Power to' receive, hear, and determine 
all Exceptions brought in 40 tljem concerning 
undue Elections ; and, to that End, to call before 
them all fuch Perfons fo elected, and accaptjng- 
fuch Eleilion ; and to fend for fuch Witn^et 
as fliall be nominated unto them, by fuch Perfqn* 
as ihall bring in fuch Exceptions : And fliatl have 
Power to examine, upon Oath, both the Perfonf 
bringing in fuch Exceptions, and the faid Wit-> 
nefles, concerning any undue Proceedings in the 
Manner of the faid Eledtion, and concerning all 
Matters of Ignorance or Scandal objcfled againft 
the Party ele^ed, and expreffed in any Oriiinanc^ 
C of Parliainent to be a fufficient Caufc of Sufpen* 
< fipfl fropi the SscramcRtpf ;h« Lord's Supper, 



284 5^ Parliamentary History 

Mm. «i Oi- I- • and of wbich any Eldcrfhip, by any OriSnmce 
'^^' , ' of Parliament, hath Cognizance and J urifdidion, 
Mudk ' *'^ '***' ^*^ ^ proved to have been committed 

* within one whole Year before the Exceptioni 

* exhibited : And that the Peribns, againft whom 

* the Exceptions are taken, {hall have like Libertj 

* to produce Witncfles, to be examined in lilte 

* Manner on their Behalf. 

V. ' That the Treafuren (hall have Power to 

* examine. Whether the Elders that are to be 

* chofen, be fo qualified^ as is expreHed in the 
■ Ordinance, or Pirc^one, which hath pafied 

* both Houfes. 

VI. * That in cafe the Elefllon of any Elder of 

* s Congregation, upon juft Proof and £xamina~ 
« tion,*bc found by the Tryers appointed ifor that 

* Purpofe to be unduly made j the faid Trycr? 

* may order fucb Elder to bcremovedj and another 

* to be chofen in his Ptacc. 

, VII. ' That the Chapels orPIao^s in the Houfes 

* of the King, and his Children, (hall continue 

* (rcc for the Exercife of Divine Duties, to be pcr- 

* formed according to the DirtHoryj and not other- 

* wife. 

. Vin, « That the Chapels or Places in the Houfc 

* of Peers of this Realm (ball have the like Frec- 

* dom. 

IX. • That the Savoy Parlfli fhaTI be reckoned 

* within the Eleventh ClalEs of London. 

X. • Thdt the Chapel of the Rolls, the Two 

* Serjeents-Inns, and the Four Inns of Court, (hall 

* be a Province of themfetves. 1 

* That the Prefbytery of the Chapel of the Rolli^ 

* the Two Serjfants-Inm, and the Four Inns of 
f Court, (hall be divided into two ClafTes. 

' That Lincoln's- Ian, Grey's-Inn^ Serjeant s- 

* Inn in Chancery- Lane, and the Relis, (hall be 
« one Claflis : That the Two Temples, and Ser- 

* jeanfs'Inn in FleetStreei, (hall be the other 

* Claffis. 

XI. * That the Claflical AflcmWies !n each 
' Province (b^l aJTemble thzmfclvcs within one 

' Month 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^le 

•/ENGL AN D. , 98$ 

* ,Month after they QxaM be conftituted, and this As. si Cv. I, 
' Ordinance publUhed ; and fbaS dicnceforth hold . '**^ --. 

* their Meetings monthly by Adjourtunenti or Uardw :. 

* oftener, if need be, in fuch a certain Place, as 

* fhall be mofi convenient fw the EaTe of the 

* People. 

XII. * Th»t, out of every Congregational EI- 

* derihip, there fliall be Two Elders, or more, 

* not exceeding the Number of Four, and One 

* Minifter, feht to every Claffis. 

XIII. * Tl||at all Perfons, guilty of notorious 

* a^d fcandalous OfFences, and more particularly' 

* all Renouncers of the' true Proteltant Reli^on, 

* profelledintheChdrch of £n^&n^; andallrer- 

* fbns that fliail, by Preaching or Wiiring, main- 

* tain any fuch Errors as do fubrirt any of thofe 

* Articles, the Ignorance whereof do render any 

* Perfon cxcludca from the Sacrament of the Lord's 

* Suppcfj and all Perfont that Ihall inakc any 

* Images or Pifturcs of the Trinity, or of any 

* Pcrlon thereof ; and all Perfons in whom Malide 

* appears, and they refufe to be reconciled ; and 

* the lame ^ppearmg upon juft Proof; all fuch 

* Perfons may be fufpended from the Sacrament of 

* the Lord's Supper. 

XIV. * That, in every Province, Perfons ftdl 
,' be chofen W the Houfes of Parliament, that (hall 

* be Commimoners to judge of fcandaloui Offences 

* (not enumerated in any Ordinance of Parlii- 

* ment] ' to them prefenteo : And that the Eldef- 

* fliip of that Congregation, where the faid Offende 

* was committed, {hall, upon Examination and 

* Proof of fuch fcandalous Offence (in like MziT- 

* ner as is to be done in the Offences enumerated} 

* certify the fame to the CommifEoners, togeth* 

* with the Proof taken before them: And, befort 

* the faid Certificate, the Party accufcd (hall have 

* Liberty to make fuch Defence as he Ihail think 

* fit before the faid Eldeiifaip, and alfo before th% 
*■ CommilBoners, before any Certificate Ihall be 
' made to the ParliaiSent : And if the faid Com- 



ttS . .,^ TdrUUfneradry H r i t d r y 

«i CiT. L < mijfioners, after Exunlnation of* allParties, (halt 

' ^^■' * determine tlie OtFence, lb prclcntcd and proved, 

y,fjs<a_ ' to be fcandalous, and ^e fame (hall certify to 

' the Congregation ; the £lderftiip ther^f niay fu- 

•fpend fuch Perfon from the Sacrament of the 

.^ XJgrd's Supper,' in like Manner qs in Cafes ehu" 

* mcrated in any Ordinangt of Parliament. 

j£V. * Th« fuch Pcrfons as (hall be chofen foC 
' CommilHoners to jiidge of notorious arid' fcen- 

* 4a]eiH Offences as afopefdd, fliall be Men of 

* good UnderflanSiiig tnMatters of Religion, found 

* m the Faith,, [wudetit, difcreet, grave, and qlC 
*■ uhblameabJe Converfation, and fuch as do liruaJ- 

* ly receive the Sacrameiit.of theI.6rdVS'uI)j)er» a& 

* Mgnbers of a Prefbyterial CoiJgregatiotl. 
XVI. * That if any Perfon fliali commit any 

* fcandalous OSence (not enumerated in any Or- 
^ ditmtct of Parliament) upon the Day of the Ad- 
^ miniftration of the Sacrament of the Lon)*s Sup- 

* • per, in rtie Face of the Congregation, after it 'a. 

* aflemUed, the' Minifler of that Congregafian 
> * tnw forbeu to adminiffcr the Sacramtnt to fucli 
.* a Perfon for that Tinic : Arid ht Ihall, wifliin 

* eight Days after, certify tbe faid Oflfencc and For- 
*- beannccento the CemmiiBoners aforefaid : And, 

< upon Certificate fo made, the Aid ComiAiffibtaen 

* fliall proceed thereupon, as in other Cafes not 

* enumerated ; and fhall make CertiBcate of th* 
^ Cafe or Cafes, with their Opinions, to both 
« Hmifes of Parliament, with all Speed : And* 

- ■* thereupon, theParliament fliall proceed to a final 

* Deteimination of the Cafe ', and fend the fame 

< Determination thereof to the Parifh where filch 

< OSence Ihall have been committed : And, aa 

< often as the like Cafe Ihall fall out in any Con- 

* grcgation, the Elderfiiip thereof, having Notice 

* of luch Determination, fliall proceed thereupon, 
f as in Cafe of Offences enumerated in any OrJ^ 

* nana of Parliament. 

XVII. * That the kii Commiffioners (upon 

* Notice ^ven to theu, or aay Two of them, of 

5 *«» 


^ENGLAND. i"^ 

* to have Cc^nizance by virtue of any OrditOm* ***i: — i 

* <>f Pdrffilirieift) (hail affimblethnhfelves hi Aich itaMfc 
' Certjrin PliWe, within that Pfdvince, as may be 

* (nOft ConVehierit for tht Eafe of the People j anU 

* thtrcdrfflirilpVctimelyNoticetoflieMihifiCTSof 
' (Bal P;'ovincc, whereof they are GommSflronersi 

* aftJ, bciilg ihet, flftll adjourn tftrft Mtetlnn-, 

* friitti Time to Time, for fuch Timd as the CA 

* lha]}^uire. 

XVIII. ' ThM flite EMetftip of eath Congre- 

* ration, or the majbr Part oP t^em, TOt dfo th* 

* Chflis of each Proviri'ce, 6r mijbr Partdf thWn, 

* atti aI(o th(! Proviii'ciat Cottihiilfionera, or major 

* Part of tbem, after they feal! be aflembled, m^Il 

* ha^ Powef, by Wairaiit uttder Aiiir HitaAs; iij 

* 4H Caf« whereof they hSve CogflWahce, by any 

* O^I^Tkifki <jf Parliament, to convent befbre ttiiia 
« alf Pdrfons, agairtft whom anjr CirrtplMnt fliitt 

* 6e brought by virtue of any fuch OrdbiaHtti 

* and all fuchWitntfflffasfiiallbc'rafAed, accord- 

* Idgto any fddi OrMndnti, for tRc Kfioviry ot 

* (ht Tfiftbftf any fudhCwttilfifcitit: And, in caf« 

* any fuch Perfon fliall refufe to appear, rtot being 

* a Peer of thii Rialrti, Member of the Hoilfe of 

* Cortrtiofts, 6r Afflftant of the Houfc of Peers, or 

* Otecer of the lloufe of PafliaTAent, then, upbn 
' Compl^tmadt to the rttxt Jofticc of ("he Peace, 
^ the Party refiJfing fliall be brought before ^Sct\. t 

* and, iAtafeOf obftinatePerfilfihg, dallbeconir 
f rtiitttd by the faid Juflice of Peace, till he fiibmit 
ff to Order. 

XIX. * That if any Member of a C6hgre^a- 

* tion fhall, by virtue of any Or£tianci of Parlia* 

* menC, for any Offence of Scandal, be fiifpen^ 

* froto the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper ; anJ^ 
f being fo fujpended, fliall oS«r himfelf to any e^ 

* therCongregation toreccive theSacramentoilhc 

* Lord'sSuppertogetherwith them; fuchCongfe- 

* gation, having Notice of fuch Sufpenlion, fliall 
\ 0«t, witboiK Ceitificao iroortlic CongKgation 

• wb«re(if 


aSS ThtParKamentarj Historv 

a. 31 cu. I. < whereof he ia » Member^ admit him ifftto the 
'^'i- ^ * Sacrament, 
m^j^^ XX. * That any Miaifter of a Congregation 

* tnay be fufpended from giving or receivingf and 

* any Elder from receiving the Sacrament of .the 

* Lord's Supper, for the fame CaufeB. and in tbfc 

* fame Manner, and have like Benefits of Appeal, 

* as any other Peribn may by any Ordinmut of 

* Parliament ; And, after fucn Sufpenfion of the 

■ Elder from the Sacrament, the Elder, fo fufpend- 

■ ed, fttall not execute that Office during his Su- 

* fpenlion, until the Appeal be detennined : And 

* if, upon the Appeal, the Sufpenfion af^Kar to 
' have been juft, then another to be chofen in bis 
< Place. 

XXI. * That, in all Cafes of Appeal to the 
f Claffical, Provincial, or National ASembly, thejr 

* fhall have Power refpe^vely to proceed there- 

* upon by Examination of Witnefles, and other- 

* wife, in fuch Manner as the Congregational El* 

* deifbip, from which the Appeal arifeth, are 

* enabled to do by any Ordinance of Parliament i 

* and fhall certify fuch their Proceedings unto the 

* iaid Elderlhip. 

XXII. • That, in cafe of fucb Sufpenfion of 
, * any Mlniftcr, the ClalBs whereunto the iaid 

* Congregation doth belong, fhall appoint f<Nne 

■ fit Perfon or Perfons for tl^Supply of that Place 

* during fuch Sufpenlion ; and (hall have Power to 

* allow convenient Maintenance for that End, out 

* of the Profits belonging to the Minifler fo fuf- 

* pended : An3 have hereby Power to fequeftcr and 
' employ the (ame for that Puq>ofa. 

XXIII. ' That in all Cafes of Sufpenfion of 

* any Perfon from the Sacrament, the Party fuf^ 

* pended (upon Mamfeftation of his or her Re- 

* pentance, before the Elderfbip by whom the 

* Party was fufpendeJ) Oiall be admitted again un-* 

* to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper ; and th* 

* Sufpenfion thenceforth Ihall be void. Provided^ 

* That, if the laid Comaiiflioners, or any "Tyrovi 

* them. 


»f ENGL A*N D; aScy 

* Itiein, fliall not, determine the Cafe fo certifiedj *«• »* <="■ '• 

* iw ^refatd, to them from the Eldeiihlp, within . ^ ' *^' 

* fix Weeks after the Certificate to thenv made j Much, 

* the Ptrtr IB hereb]r injoincd to forbear coming 

* Jo the Sacrament, until the Caufe fliall be de- 

* termined, or until he give Sadsfiiftioa to the 
' Ellerfhip. 

; March i6. The doules were ihformed, hy Lit' 
ttrt from Mr. Seoretan^ Rajbworth, of Tome more 
SucoHs gained by the Forces under the Command 
•f Sir Themat Fair/ax, In the ffe/l of England ; 
vhich we fliall give in his own Words, in the 
. Manner they fbaid in the Lerds Journah -, obferv- 
ing' that none of thcfc Letters from 'himfelf are 
published in his own CelUSiions, only fome Ex- 
tra£b of them given by way of Narrative or Re- 
lation ; but thofe from Sir Thames Fairfax are 
therein printed at large, 

Ftr fi6* HotuurabU William Lentkall, Efq.' 
Speakss t/tht HoiuurahU Havfe ^Commons. 

S I Rt 

* T N ray laft I acquainted you of the Defeat gi- 1_,„„ ninim 

* JL ven the Party of the Enemy's Horfe, where- to General fi>t- 

* in Major-Gen eral Perttr and others were taken *^'*'',*"'^''S"f" 

* Prifoners, being on Saturday lid; and alfo of an^f E^JgUnd, 

* Inclination of the Lord Hiptan to treat, yet, 

* withall, endeavouring to ge^ Time and a Cefla- 

* tion of Arms, both which Were denied ; whcre- 

* upon the Army, from their feveral Qiiarters, 

* march<!d on Monday to Prohus and Tre^neyj 

* within four or five Miles of Trura, the Head 
^ Quarters being at "tregtniy, where our Forlorne 
? came near unto the Enemy. Th*y flood in 

* a peaceable Manner, not oflFering to givcRe- 

* flfknce, faying there Was a CeflktiOn agreed un- 
^ to, and they hoped there vrould be a Peace. 
' Our Officers had muCh ado to perfuade them 

* there was no CefTation, and therefore it did be- 

* hove them not to iVay any longer, but ta retire 
■ Vol. XIV, T , «.to 


The. ParSamentaty History 

' to their Rarta of Advantage ; or crtbawi& on(* 

* Oi&ccra would, is they tiii^tat this prcfcnthive 

* done, take Advantage upon them, b^ iaOing on 

* them. They did very kindly tbtok our OfficerB 
' and Soldiers for their Civility that they did for-' 

* bear, there being no Cellktion i sad lb retired 

* back. It is conceiv^ the Lord Htfttn did braic 

* this abroad amongft his own Men, as concluded 

* hf ugj to the Intent that our Metl m^t (all fbut 
' < on thetti, and fo provoke them to foiM dcTpcTste 

* Engagettient; but it had another Eficdj fetdie 

* Terror was fuch throughom their Army upon 
^ Advance of ths whole of pun in Sight, diat tba 

■ Lord Hoptiti was enforced to fcad a Trumpeter 

< at Twelvt o'CIock at Night to dcfire a Kirle^, 

* exprelBng his Willingnefs to loTe no Time ui 

* making an £nd : And, indeed, if that bad not 

* come to keep their Men tc^ether^ they had beea 
^ in great Diforder. The Offer Mna accepted ; 

< whereupon, about Three o'CIock in the Mom- 

* tng, the Trumpeter was rctunled with our Com- 

* miflioners Namn ; that is to lay, Commi&r^- 

* General Htnfy Ireten, Colonel ythit Lambert^ 

* Commiflkry- General Stant^ Richard Deatu the 

* Comptroller of the Ordnance, and Colonel Jitnt 

* St. Aubin,, The Place agreed to treat at was 
'' TrefiUtan Bridge, near Trtov \ the Time, Nine 

* o'clock diis Morning, the Treaty to continue 

* three Hours after; hut the Lord^^^MD failed to 

* fend bis CommifBoners Names till paft Nine* 

* OurArmy,HorfeandFoot,beingataRendenroiife 
f by Six o'clock, were advanced from their (eve- 

* ral Queers, between Nine and Ten, within 

* two Miles of Truroy the Trumpeter then coming 
' with the Commiffioners Names, who are thetTei 

* ColonCl Charlti Geringj Colonel Thtmai Panttn^ 

* Colonel Jordan SadvilUt C<Jonel Marcui 7rn»r% 

* and Sir Ritiard Pridtaiix, Knt. the King's High 

■ SheriiT of this County, whom they nominated t 

* Colonel Js/m St. Aubin being the High Sheriff 

* nominated by the Parliament. They alfo de- 

* fired that Colonel Gautier, a frmtimany might 


■ < B N GL A N D. 2ft ' 

» htfflttded, which was agreed on} add Capfa&t A* ••' cw. t^ 

* Edward Htrlt wa$ added to our CdiUmiffioners. ^ '^^'-^» 

* The (JA CanVojs flwm both Genenris were fcnt Unt&. 
' tMs Jyaj between Tot and Elcf«n o'Cl(»clc, wifh 

•^ a L<tt*r from the- General to the Lord Htftoity 

* letting him know tiiat, :his Arniy being on a 

* March, he intended tw quarter at Trwrtf this 

* Night, which he thought good to give him No- 

* ticeof, that his Forces might withdraw; and, if 

* he pleafcd, in regard ft might be late before the 

* Treaty might beagreed unto, ^e Bounds being 
■* ki fin each Party to quarter in, there might be 

* «Cefiation of Arms till To-Hiorrow Morning at 

* Six o!GIoek; by which Time you need not doubt 

* but all Things will be concluded on. 

* TTjc Sum of Bic whole will be, as I conceive, 

* and as Inftruftion? are given according to the 

* Genefal's fiiH Ptepofttion, the Lord Hafttn't 

* Officers and Soldiers mull all lay down (bcir 
' Ann», yet the Officers to march away with their 

* Herfc, and fich Arms as they ufed to wear in 
■• peaceable Times j and have Paffes to their feveral 

* Houfe» or beyond the Sea, if they defire it, en- 

* Ipgifg thcmfclvts never to bear ArMs ^ainft the 

* Parliament. The common Soldiers to deliver 
*' up their Tories and Arms, and to have 20 1. H- 

* lowed them a Man to Carry them home ; by this 
•* Article I hope there will be good Recruits, and 

* a good Number of Aifficicnt -Horfcs got for the 

* Army. For the Foreigners and Strangers to have 

* Leave to depart the'Kinf;do«, they likcwifc en^ 

* g^ng tbemfelvei never to bcaf Arms more 
' agnnft the Parliament; aild their Officers to have 
" their Horfcs with them. This, indeed. We are 
'informed, will fuit well to the Sorangert &efiresj 

* they being afraid Quarter would be denied them, 

* ai indeed moft of them do deferve it: But it is in 

* idation to ' the Point of Time that thcfe Things 

* are propounded and purfued, to theend that this 

* Fidd-Forct might be totally^ fcanered j and that 
'*' iht Irijbj which are every Bay expcAed to land 

T» *^ 


ig2 Tie PafHaaentary History 

«. 1 1 (kr. L ( in thofe Parts, may not have fuch a Body of 
^^' * Horfe to join with them,. . • 

Una. ' This is all the Account I can give of this Bih- 

* Jinefs; vidlhope, when it is eficded, (of which 

* you need not doubt) the Confequence wilV be 
, * greater than it is at prefent cxpe^ed. God barti 

* Stuck our Enemies Hearts with Fear, otherwife, 

* having fuch a hrave Body of Horfe^ they would 
, * not have been compelled to liflen to and fcek for 

* a Treaty. In a Jew Hours there will another 

* Expre^ be fent unto you, with the Particulars 

* of what is concluded on. I thought good to dit- 

* patch this McfTcngcr, tho' the Journey be IcHig, 

* to prevent Mifrepoits that might go upon tlus 

* Bufinefs.' 

From lit Ji«(fc»w« mil- J^ew humilt SovonU 

in «* SSiUt tf Truro, 

«^_.....«,r^ J.RUSHWORTH. 

P.S, *\ thought to ftay the fending of this l,et*- 
.* ttr till jiext Day, and give you this further J^c- 
. * count: OurArmy, according to former Purpofe, 
.* marched into Tmroy and ponc&cd tbemfelves of 
.* the Townj and another Part of it to. St, j/lUn'ty 
■ * within ^rce Miles of the North Sea, which k 
.* the only Piece of Land the Enemy have left to 

* break through, if. they Intend it J but our Guards 

* are fo ftrong, and our Quarters fo dtfpofed o^ 

* that there is not ^e leaft Fear of it, we having 

* them now before us in a Pound, 

. * The Commiffioners met Yefierday about 
.* Three of the Cloqk, and continued treatmgtitl 

* alrooft Ten. Some Prc^efa they have made^ 

* but there are fo many Circumftances concerning 
. * theArticleSjand the Manner of perfbrming^emi 

'* as, how thofe fhall be conveyed that are to go 
* . beyond the Seas ; how thefe arc to be conveyed 

* that are to go to thejr feveral Homes ; and other 

* Things of that Nature, that it occalioneda.Ne- 

* ceflity laft Night to a^ee that the Treaty might 

* be continued for this Day alfq, and their Com^ 

* mi£ioners to ccfme this Forenoon to Trim, tQ 



' v,/ E N'GL AN D. ' ' 493 

* ftnilh the ^reatv there. The Cation. bang Aa^ «i Ctz. L' 
•■ agreed to, their SoTdiers come to ouir Quirtera,' . . '*♦** . 

' and we go to theirs ; and they are nOw fo fiiHy' m,^/ 

* p(4I<ifled of our fair Intentions towardc them,' 
*' that it concerned the Lord H»ptan to difpxtcb the 

* Treaty, dfe he is like ' to have few to attend 

* him. ■ The Lord Heptm does really profefs that . 

* he was Ignorant of the Prince's Going j and that 

* they art Traitors thathad a Handin it: And I 

* Iwlieve that it is a Thing that much worts with 
">' himthat the Prince fliould be (b carried »way/ ' 

: ^kvmtt Kim. ' , J. R. 

Ftr the I&aiwahU William LenthaII^ Efy* 
; ^ntjttJLiifthiliiHm-tbUHeHfttfCoUiaaKi. 
. H0,, Thffi. ^ ■' , 

* t .Wrote to you this Day of tfie fiuther Progrefs 
*. 1 of the Treaty: It held all this Day, andtilh 

* Twelve at Night, and yet could not be finilhed,' 
*, • diintgh dl the inaterial Parts were over ; thofe^ 
*. -whid remained, though only circumllantial, yet 

* -ib -ncceflary to be concluded in order to perfecting 
*■■ of' the Treaty, that more Time is granted for 

* tbe Afulhing thereof; fo the Treaty and Cefia* 
f tion is to continue To-morrow alfo, and the Ren- 

* dezvous of this Anny which fliouldhavc been 

* To-morrow, is put oflTtill next Day; at which 

* Time the Enemy is likewife to draw out to ii 

* Rendezrous;,andthereaccordingto the Articles, 

* or as &all be further agreed on, difmount theii* 
' common Troops, and ddiver up their HorfeS 
' and Arms. •■ 

- V The' Enemy is fo impatient till tbe Treaty be 

* dohcT that this very Day there hath been no lefs 
' than between thirty and forty Lieutenant-Colo-^ 

* 'neds. Majors, and C^>tuns come away from the 
*. ■ Enemy to us, belldes others that come to viiit 

* our Quarttfs that di4.retum this Evening ; lilcc- 

* wile there came a Cawtuo and foity Gentlemen 

T 3 'of 


294 " ^^ Ftfrft>fflw/<fl7'HX8ToRy 

'^* * Ijkcwifi), )ty the Articlosj ■ yreis to hxn iJic Be- 

'jtfiiEh, "'* "*'^^ of their Horfcl J 9P<i there alfo cane ftom 

\ Pebtyi/ ninety-fix tprorpoii Soldieri with their 

* MHftjrts, wi Matches Jigbttd, and twpWe fine* 

* pwne» and forty more gone another Way* whjcb 
' . < (b diflw«tii«i CoJ. Trfw^Wen, then with' hip Re- 

* gtttie»t at PtMryn, 48 silfo (lif_ GoverBwr. of tfio 

* Fort of 5*1 Mtnvts ntix.tahnaahi that.tbey fenl 
*. to thi G«w»l late thia Evpiung, idefiring to N 

* in«We4 ia thc( Trtity vith tht Lpirf Htfimt 

* and have the fame Conditions with th^ Q^er 

* Offii^rs i which -are Fafles to go htune, '^and 

* Protc£lions to live quietly from the Violence of 
t the SriJiers. ' r--.\:.''-: .\x " 

' <* We cMittivf there wHt"b«Miitill-(Oflte#s and 
f others of Quality being allowed their 'HorA^M- 
f cording to the Articles) near zoco Horfe that will 
f come to be delivered up to the General v inatho' 
*'they IfanJus in' ^ooot! Htrfes^nd AoUi, free 
1 they will bfci worth l{**000i slJeaft tuilhiii Stale j 
*. but iwkat i» tbs ot^ft coilfider^tUe Tbiiu; jn this 
f gneit^ofuids, is thc^Qlving of^uthis: Sferangt^j 

* fay Vdstch Means the tV^ ii JEt^Uivi i&ii^fi^aA 

* of a FjeM'Siiem)?, «ui for«igfi<^dYer.(aric8(3e-! 

* privet of that AtGSamce i^9f.did«xp«SftdnthiJ 
f forre wfailftit vaa l|i fo canfidertM«;jr&(tdyt., ' 

* -*- We <)Qubt not but. that J'Mm^wiwiU, rupotf 
f th« djfbmdjjig of the& Fionovs* incluie.ti»noAe^ 
\ tate Terras ; ' the GOTfrlior-ttewof ia !»„Geiitle- 

* man of ^^ality, anil cctttajoW will not be^dfed 

* with his. loferiora ba.vtnt; Liberty .of .■«iij(^&g 
' theiroum, and hjinJelf as it vto^s tn : 'FdToD en* 
t JDyidg-RD^iqg that is hit own, 

* I cannot exprefs with what Joy jnoft' df the 

* Officcn nceive thoje Ct^di^titins^ and wUK' they 
f had fooaer known our Intentions towatd^ thi^4 
f Thole that 9re the ii).QA.di{contcnt6d at thn Bu- 
f finefc, wore ^ Troopers thM are to be difinOTnt-* 

* ed; but tpany of them, during this Cefbtion; 
\ ufed Way! to recompe^e themfelwea in a hand-* 
f iiiqM.Miiuvx^ and oms, too* ky «xchan{ii^ 'dicir 

, ;■■ ' ■ ■ 'goo4 

r..„ .,Gt)t)glc 

g^ E N G L A N D, 29J 

* KOodHerresforour bad ones, receiving 20 or,30f; An. ai Cu. t, 
*j^ Exchange from our Troopen, and refcrving' '**^' . 
f ^^ bad Horfes to djcmfelvcs, in order Co have nidi. 

* 20. J. upon the D«Iivt;ry of then) up to tis again t 

* Co yie juve man^ of tne Horfes alfe^v* though 

* iiet. according to the Treaty. 

*..X fiad Dire^on? to prepare 9 Ltlter fbr the 
,^ Comioittpc of the An^y to make Stop of the pro* 
f jvHia^ of Horfes for the Train, for that here wiM 

* b^ 60D to \x jparcd for that Pulpofp, and the reft 
f jhu are feryicpable to be likewiie di^tofed of for 
.* (be Recruits of the Army.' lam, 


■ ■ Trtm, SiMTtt wi, - • ftur bumSU Servant, 


- P.S. 'I flayed As Meflcnger tilltbw Forenoon; 

* but can add no more than that the CommiffisnCri 

* are iQCt s and, as Ibme of them tell me, have 

* almoll finished the Treaty, } fhall, as foon a# 
*,it 19 figmd by both Sides, fend an Exprefs with 
' tbi Contents. Though one Army viiits another 

* during this CeT^tion, yet y/e are mofe circum- 

* IpeA in keeping ftrong Guards than when the 

* Enemy wasmoftaftivcagainftus, ThjsMom- 

* ing 100 Soldiers pf Col. CktmpUs'i came in vid^ 
^'Mutkets, Swords, and Bandali'ers.* 

■.:;■■,": j. r, ■ 

■ ' Jt^ch Ji8, This Day a Letttr from the Earl of 
^Mtknd and lyOfd Montague was read, giving ft 
fiirther Acco^iff pf the Siege of Newark, 

9V /Air Right HmourahU the Speaker af the Houfi 
p/ Peers. 
M, Lord, 

* "Y* H E Affain before Newark, through God's Airf toncemlBg 
' A Bleffing, go on wcllj Col. Legard's Regi- t^e Sicfc.of 

* ment is come from Tork, and the Officers and *'«*^*' 
V Soldiers are all as one Man to perform Che Ser- 

T 4 • vies 


2g6 7^ Torlismentary History 

*n. 11 Cw- 1.? vipc they are appointed, full <rf and 
'**^- . * healthful. Half the Line we hope wiU be finHh- 
fi^ti^ * ed oh Wtdnejdaj next, and the otber with all 

* poflible Speed. On? of the Bridges Crofs Trtnt\ 
' againfl WifUhsrf^ was ready three Days fihce \ 

* the Trtnt there divides i the other Bridge - will 

* beiitiilbed in a Day or two. We have brou^t 

* a Pinnace Mulket within half a MileoF }iewaH^ 

* wherein are two Guns, and which will htdd 4.6 

* Mufketeccs, The whole Canon froni Tart is 

* come to ff^nthtrp, • Oneftrong Fort is razicto 

* fecure the Bridge, another- i» preparing ncardie 

* Enemy's great Sconcf:. _ The whole Culverins 

* and the Mortar-PieCes ^f" come to Baidert$n 
f and Faringden.- The great Mortj^'-Piecc is to 

* be run on Wednefday at f^etlin^m. We hope 

* in God .to lofe no Time, nor omit any Oppor- 

* tiinity in reducing Newark, and to give your 

* Lordulip a Ml, good, add fpieedy Account theie^ 

• Tow bumilt ServmtSt 

•H^- T. RUTLAND,' ■ 


P. S. *,ThcEarl of Dumfirpilitu't P-e^mtnt 
f pf Foot Is come tp General Le^' ' 

About this Time |t wss fbe Co|ninpns canje M 

The PuliMnfDc ^ Hefqiution to invite the Prince of JVaUs into the 

lefuive 10 inviie Parliailiept's Quarters, and to refide in fuch Place, 

'w 1''""" "l ■ "^"'^ ^"*^'* Cpupcil and f\ich AttpHlance as both 

fcuTenT Houfes fhou'id ibink fit tg appoint. The Lords 

having agreed to tiiis, a Comqiiittee of both Ho^fe» 

was appointed to prepare a Litter to be fent to 

jhe General, and in it apotherof Inyit^tion to the 

Prince. It feems the Houfe of Commons had been 

informeJ, That bis Highnefs was got into the Ifle 

pf Scillyy and were in great Pain left he fhould 

tranfport himfclf from thtnce into foreign Ijprts. 

This Committee having prefcnted a Draught pf a 

Letter to be fent to the Prifice^ the Lords agreed 

' ' ' "''.-■ ■ ' ' t^ 

* L.._. ^,Gt)tH^lc 

e/ E'RGL A N-D/ ■ 297 . 

to it, and brdfertd It to theCrfmiBorts for their Conj- A^ V.*^* ^ 
currcnce/' There is Trtit a Gopy oF this L^»CT"en- f - '^^' ^ 
Ccrcd in cither of thfcyournaiVi but it fccms it did Motif 
not pleafe the Lower Houfcj for\ on the reading ^ 

of it, the QucRiori was pnti Whetfier to agree 
with the Lords in the Zetiir to be fent to the 
Prince? the Houfe divided, Yeas 52,- Noes S4 J 
the Queftionthtfs paflingin the Negative, ancither 
Committee of their own Honfe idorie was then 
a^xMRted-to meet that Afternoon, and prepare* 
iJtter to be ftnt to the Prince, according to the 
^^Z*' of both Houfes,' to invite himinto theParlia^ 
ment's Quarters : But tiio' th^ Lor^ ftntdown a 
Mtjjagi to urge them to (end this Lrtter aw^ay^ Be^ 
caufe they faid it might prevent great Inconve- 
niences, yet we bear no morcof it fbrfomt Daysi 

March 23. The whole Bufuiefil of "the Hoiife 
of Lords, this Day, was reading, a Lttter which 
gave an Account of the Parliament's Succefs in 
dilierent Parts of the Kingdom ; particul^y^fr^in 
the ff'efl of England, where Sir "Thomas Fairfax 
hadreduced the Lord Hoptony and the Forces lin* 
dcr his Command, to To low a State, that they 
Vere obliged <o (tircondef .thmfelves'otic-.the beft 
Articles they could get. Thefe ate itifknxd, at 
length, in the Lotdi Jetirnahf together with a 
LitUr from Sir Thomas Fairfax on the Oi:cUi&n ; 
andarcay primed inMr. Rtt/fnvorlh'i C»ile^ioin{h). y 

THe/very fame Day came £rtr/rj frpmytjieM 
of the Parliament's Commanders, with an Accoync 
of alignal Vi6lory gained over the King's .Forces^ 
near Staw on the ^W, in Gloucefterjhire, wheje^ 
jn Sir facoh j(/iUy, the King's General, was taken 
Prifoner. The Manner how is beft related -by 
their own Words. And iirft a Letter to Th«nua 
JPury, Efq. a Member of the Houfe : - 

Honoured Friend, 

* A Ccording to the Command I received froip Ccfct sf the 

* Xl the Right Honourable the Committee CifKing'i Aiuiybj 

* both Kingdoms, I drew out from Here/oiJ 600 .^,''j°" ■/cjjj: 

Horfe iifttiihltt. 
(*) Vol. VI. p, 109, &i, 

L._. ^,Gt)t)gle 

AjjtS The PariiaiKerai:ryI^is.r0fiY 

*^ ^f"' ^ * '^rfc and Foot, inth T^Wch I joined On Am 
- ^ f • I^'s tJay lad^. with Qol. Mtrgim'f vid the 
' ' j^rH k ' ^"^M^ Fsrc^ I \vi mf£3wa Mcq io Periiu^ 

* 2nd fo 'wc lajr wajtLngj. abput Ev^jbavit the EqSt 
' my's Motion for fix JvjWt tt^^ther, cvwy P|/ , 

* cxpcifiiiw tf 1^ cng^ea.. The Efcny earn* 

* .over t^ River Jviut yery ftrpng, at it wu report- 
' ed 3000, and fo coqie bc^re ,tts (o Sfotv thiy 

* Morning ;. but we fcdlowe^ thei^ clofe itll I^igb^ 

* and th^ Morning 2b«>ut Brc^ of D^yj we,jc>iae4 

* Ba^e j ^nd fifter a ho^ Oifp^te^ very^ bard and 
^ dubfot)3, ^c'r<>otctitifein..jui4 took Prifotten ^« 
f. G^ral Iwipfcif, Vrith.^i^ar^pqloneUi Captains^ 
5 and ottiei; C<i}nis))l$ofl-(p^ccr>y the Farticulat;^ 
f widcreof I cajiDot ^f,fend up, having fiatp about 
*. 30^ ^P^ f^^.^^^S^ ^*f h 1^^ Lois of ours. Wf 

* give God the Glory of all. " Sir, I befccch yoii» 

* .aocub-Uny Biiiiiq''.at poefent, beiijg upon our 
^ Marebiulct and 'coptisue to helteT« mC 

«N«s Krrf »iv ?«*^ «»/? '■"' Servant, 

- Tbe:nut mi. «d<)i^^ ^ the Spea|wr«r A« 
HojifBof Canuoaiu^ . 

■ Sin, . ■ - '" ■ 

* #^ OB," blrilM be hij Name, hathrefc«ed lu 

■ \j as giorioufly ?n^ gtaCioufly this Day as in 

* naoy of his former atjd ^tat Mercies, Aftej- 
^ two Nights and a PSy"? March we came ^o Co- 

* lond Morgan and Col. ^ireh\ about three of the 

* Clock this Morping, fle^r S'aw and Ca^ Hillf 

* We fcU on between four a^d ftvc, }t was car- 

* ried on fomewhat doubtfully, ajid almoft d^gcr- 

* oufly, atfirft; but God renewed our Courage t6 
*^ oin the Day. Wc have taken Sjr Jacs^ ^^ 

■ * rrifoner, and fomc Colonels and Lieutenant-Co- 

■ lonels alfo, and all the Foot with their Arms. , 

* At Leifure will give the Particulars. God w)io 
'.. - batt^ 


«/: E KG LAN p. 999 

«. hath dooe ?il mnft.have the Gioiy. "tht Loti A". ■• cu. t, 

* inc^afc our Thanltfulnefe more and mqtc ' *^**' ''^ 

-'■I o''' ■ ... '^ ■' 

'lb !&■ I atnjnir Servant, 


P- S. * The Be»rer was an Eyt-Wirtefs, and 

■ can hy man ; inyftif can ttffify themeft gallant 
V and Valiant Behavioitrvf our two above-named 

* Colonels 'Birch and itfs^an.* 

Both theforcgoing Itttirj lecnt to f)ronii|e tht 
Pacticulars of rtiis. Battle Svhich proved io fxtal to 
thc'^ino's ^$airs; but we find no iftAre 6f thtip 
in thtjaurtuli ■ However, in the PainpMets of 
Hieffc Times, wt; mket with the foHovrii^ Narrative 
ij^dreffed tq the; Speaker pf jhe floufe of Com- 
mons.;' there is ffo'N^mrfubfcribed to it, but ft 
is faid. in Itbe Title-page, to he w^otie by a Qenfl*. 
mail bf Qusflity and Credit wider ^ fhl^am 
Brerftan i. and rnfis i^ua (*) } .■'•:■ 

UanaarahU Slr^' ''■'.'.'' : ' 

^ A ' gay Enga^tDCnts, I ^all gjvp 

* /B-jfoujui Account of the Proceedings of our 

* Forces, in jefcrcncc to our -gre^t Viflory s^ 

* Stoat, Sif 7jpS2/(«f^. Bnerftou baviirg Intelligeocf 
•.pfSir yacai j^lty'f iAz^b^ and bcuig jnvi|te(l 

* bj valiaijt an^ afljve Colanel Ahrg^rtt to fdlo^ 

* and &t upon ihim, he forthwith jn^ched fxotp 
^ IMibfald with about ;ooo Korfe to Cokfiillj ^nd 

* from thence through Warwick Town toward 

* StretfirJ upon tiv^n; where Sir ff^tUiam had Jn- 
5 telligence ^at Col. Morgan was returned baclf 

* a» far as Camden^ by reafon of his Intelligence cuF 

* the Croffings and Counter-Marches of Sir "Jaeo^ 

* 4ftlty ) infonuich that Sir William Brtreton was 
f ioTpcd (out of hi!s carneft Defire to meet andjoia 

i/i Printed IjU, S!mmi lod J. Mttttl, 1646. 

r..„ ,Gt)t)^le 

J ^°° r- .^&f .Parffamefi/a^^ Hi STORY _ 

An. ^i c«. J. • with Afargany as was mainly intended) to march 

.'^ 'P4y .-_ ' ( up ^J down, backward and forward, at Icaft 

iiiiii. ' thirty Miles, to overtake him, and at laft did (o ; 

* and then being joiifed, we all marched about zi 
' * Milp, by w-hich Time the ScoutS had broii^^ 

* us Word that the Enemy was drawn tfp.Joto a 
' Body nearStnv.en the ^/i/, at which all our 

* Soldiers greatly rejoiced, being very defirous to 
•,icn«ge„;vr.>_ ^ , ■ ... , . ';,-,. 

- * Tl^en i^^' mardied the whole Araiy ip Bati 
f ,ta!iai .a^idj.^fter.i^e hafJ difcovcred them alfo 

* ft^ding in Battalia, we faced them an Hour be, 

* fore we fought, both~^ides ^waiting and longing 
f.'for Da^Xight^ Thep Sir IVtSUim Brtretmtni 
^ GoL-MoT^au agreed* ;tvithout any Difference, in 
j'.drav' ' ' ; Army, which was ordered as 
*. folio 'tUiam JSrerftan led the Right 
.f . Win i'hich yis^, thoifc that carpe wiiJi 
.f.nnp W; ?n4 the G/flw^f ryJ/V« Men 
.* vii^ Lrft Wings Co], Margan him~ 

* fcifi >d.the Van. Our W(„y.„a3, 
.*.Gad^\be 9«r Gui^i tk^ Enemy's Word was, 
' Patrici and George, , ^ 

* Upon the firft Charge the Enemy forced our 

* I^ft Wing to a difordcrljt Retreat, by wer- 

* powering them } fo that the 'Vi^oiy,. at ITrft, 

* fccined Totaewhat doufetftilj/tut Sir IVtHfim 

■ firw^/un moft bravely _going on wi^ the Rsht 
•Wing' of Horfe, and, at Icaft, 20Q Firclodtsj 

* fiercely' charged their Left, both of Horfe ana 
■* ',Fo6't, and totally routec^ them. In whi?h brave 
■'^e<;e"of Service, undaunted and valtan^ ^Azpr 
' HMvifiiiorth had a principal Hand, and was a 

■ m&in Help, utterly to rout and put to flight aS 

* the Left Wing of the Enemy. Col. jihr^ii^ 

* by this Time, performed his Charge fo bravely' 

* alfo, and with (o much Course and good Suc^ 
^ cclsj that having rallied his Men up gallantly 

* agaio-agaiuft" the Enemy, he put them alfo to an 

* abfolute Rout jtand fo they purfued them into 
( StoWf killing and wounding maiiy in the Town, 

* both 


Y E,N GL AND.-, ,3,01 

* bq^ Gentlcraen anJ Officers of Qyality j and.*^ 'l^'?" 

* ifitEis PurAiit M.i}Qit!awifv)i)rtli'l Mail (as I . ' **«■''; 

* wv credibly inforaicd) t6ol£ the Lard 4^1^ Tti- • Mvch^.- 

* loner, and sdl-hU Foot-Officen wtce theo .allb - -, 

* taken Prilbocrs ; and Sir Charlis Lucai (ds was 
'credibly reported) was then idfp taken in the 

* Fight, bitt iiume^i^tdy after rescued by a Party 

* of Firelocks of the Eiieiny, and on'hij Kefcue 

* fled into the Wood hatd by for hoped Safety ; but ' 
' lAcrthe Fight," our Fofce» fe^rching the Wood 

* for Stra^r.', found there the fud Sir CharUs 
'■'Lueqst even he who formerly had done the 
' Kjng great Service in the North, and wis Go- 

* vernor of Biriley CaAIe i but now was oOua 

■ Piifbncr ag:atn and put intofafe Cuftody. 

* This moft remarkable Piece of Service being 

* thus fuccelkfiilly performed, and Sir yacab Afllif 

* being taken Captive, and wearied in tfiis Fig^t* 

* ana being ancient (for old Age's Silver Hairs hwl 

* quite covered over his Head and BeariJ) the Sol- 

* (^ers brought hkii a Drum to fit and reA himfelf 

* upon ; who being feated, he faid [u I was moA 
' credibly informed) tmto our Soldiers, GeniUmeny 
' yt may navfi tlev/n and play, for you. have tiamt 
*aHy»iir ff^iri, if yen fali ntt cut ^mvtig yourfehet, 

* Mc^ing, indeed, flii^, now he b«ng thus 

* bea^o, the King had never another Army in the 

* Fidd in the. whole Kingdom. 

* There was taken in this famous Fight and 

* gloriovis .Viflory, Sir yactb AJiUy,- alias I>oc() 
' jlftf^, the General J Sit Charia Lucai ; Colonels, 

* Corbet, Gerrard, Maulfworth ; Lisutenant-Co- 

■ lonel Snughton; 3 Majors ; 17 Captains; ' 16 

* Lieutenants, their Marfliall-General j- 11 £n- 
' Hgns} 5 Cornets; 3 Charter- Matters, the Sur- 

* geon, and SiTtfiSiaMF^ughan'sCiizplzmi 2C00 ■ 
' Arms at lealt, and all their Ammunition, Bag; 

' and Ba^age. A brave, famous, and moft fca- 

' fonableViSory it was indeed; andamoft hmcful -- " ■■ 

' Way and Means of a fpecdy End, by God's 

* Mercy, of all the inteftine Wars ana bloody 


^04 Ithe Par^amefaaty HrsTOKr 

Ab. m Cir. !.< Broih in the ttw^om. To God alOM be ajll 
*^i' , • die Honour and Qiwy diereoC 

litis iaffi yifioiy produced iSv6 foU owtng Or<&r« 

. _ *' Orjtrti by die Ijonls and Gommens in Fariia- 
fe^XS?«'°«'« affemWed. That on Thmrfl^ Se'nnigEt 
%t OcmIm. * Bnd'7%Ki;>£Jli9 three Wceksj- beihg the Days ap- 
'pdnted to K fer apart for Day* of poblick 
' ThanUgmngs in the Cities of l^mikn xail9^e/l- 

* mnftety and in the other Parts lA die Ktngdeni, 

* for the Saccefi of the Army in the IVi^ under 
*the Command <rf Sir fi-nnai FairfaKy General, 

* That tbe fereral MihiKen do, on the faid Days, 

* take puticolar Kotlce of ttie Keffing of God up- 

* on the Forces of th£ Paiiioment in t^mg Sir 

* yacah ^Itj Priiftncr, and totally routing aira de- 

* leatine the Forces ilhder his Commandj near 

* St»B m die County of Gaucifltr.' 

For die iaft mentioned Defeatof the Lord Hap- 
A* in ^ tyifiy and- jH the other great Services 
General Fiiiifix had done the Parliament, bzving 
been the tamt fortunate Cenunandct', in one Cam- 
paigR, that ever led an Army, the Houloi could 
do no lels than j<Hn in the following letter of 
Thanks to htm ; which was ordered to be entered 
in their Jetimabf. in paftttiam JUt JAtmriatiii 

To tht Rirbt Htn. StrTnoUAa P a i r 7 a 3*. 
Gfnfral e/ tb« Fora^ midtr th Cemmmid tf t6t 


r £ are commanded, 1w bodi Hbufes of 
Parliament, to exprefs . the great Scnfe 
_« f'^iTm* * *''*7 ^'*^ of yoir a^vc, vigorous, and faithfi^ 
UalutSMccfikf. * DiKharge of that Tnift which they havercpolcd 

* In you. They do obfcive how happily you have 

* timfldf and how prudently you have carried oi), 

* all your Dcfigns and Actions j and do very much 

^ * approTt 


9f EN O L A NOi ^1 

* appro« faat Judgmoni ir ibe Way of M^bgAa. >i Cm; ft 

* the Enediies Amy and tbs County ot £»nm>a *^*5- 

* under your Power in ib (hort a Space, itid wlA *" " ' » ;' ' ' 

* fo littk Lofs of EMgliJb Blood ( whicb, tUU W "***• 

* yoar fonner Endeavyais and 9uoct^, hath pat 

* ibe ASaira of the PailiamCn^ iii ihit Bt^timat 

* of the Year, irtfo fiixh a CanditMA a» -Wit be- 
« yond their Hopes and ExpadathMtt, ftt-<wbich 

* we are csimnaiidtid to. mtittn yOu dwlt beuty 

* Thanks : And as they are ittcAnd tt> gin oftUltf 

* Teftimony to the Wsrid of the i\Mt tittmi 

* they have of your Perfon aivl Merit, fo they d«- 

* fire you to let all the OiHce're and Soldiers under 

* your Command to know, they fliall not forget 
' their unwearied Labours knd Suffenuicei-io uia 

* gfwt and glonou) Caufe. We reft 

Tfbr vtry Mu'jtj PrltnJ^ 


the Heu/t »/ Petri pro Tempwe. 

W. EENTHALL, Speoiet rf- 
i*if Ceiimeiu Hettfe m Ptttiiaijunl. 

Tire laft Bu(inds of this Day was reJuBitg a 
ILttttr from the Sctti Commiffioners, ihojrt ei^ougb 
in Wordsj as we!I as in j^preffion.' h related 
to the Affair of the unknown reifons, bcforenien- 
tioned, their Defamers ; and is ligned by them all 
in order to fltew they were in earnefl. 

Ye ^ JUg^ fiaMKmi/t t%t Sptaker »f At thuft «/* ' i> 

Pmrs pro Ternpore, 

Mf Urd, 

* i T is abort two Month* fince We acquaintej 

* * the tiouft about the felfe Inforrtiations of 

* Reirrt J^ght and the unknown Knight, anil 

* defired the Name of the one to be difcQvered, and 

* fpeedy Examination eoncerning the other { in 

* puriuance thereof the earned DeBrcs of the King- 

* demof Sc^lmd hav« been ovde known to ^ 

' Houfea, 

'r..„ ,Gt)tH^lc 

304 ^ PatU$mmiaty Hist or y 

4a, » Car..L < ffftu^ and durs 'have been leneweij From TinKf 

, '°*^' , * tp Tinv^ we being moft confident riiU Juflicitf 

Mtftlb ' * wpuld never be denied "by the Houfes to die King-J 

* dotb of ScttlauJ, in a Matter wherein th^ wertf 

* fo bigbly concerned : Now> fordifchargingof thtf 
' Tnift conUtdtted uBto U5» we hold ourfelves iit 
f Duty bound Cdice again to prcfs a fpeedy Aa/wtf 

* frooi the Hohourable Houfes to bur juA Defires, 
'* expe^ne itfliallbefuchas all tbe World may 

* receive; Satisfadian that thofc Infbnnations aiV 

* buti-ies and Caluninic&.' . 

mriif ir.lTu.f,, Mojt affeiiUnale FrltnJs 

. • ■ -■■ 4md hianhU Strvanti, 



' ' March 24. The lad remarkable Affair of tbis 

Year, is another Me£agi from the I^ing. prefented 
this Day, to' the Lords, by their Speaker, andread 
as follows : 

For tbe SpEAEE&.of the Houfe of Pkers pr* 
Temptre. To be. communicated to the two 
Houfesof Parliament at Wefimnfttr, 


Anotha Hrf- A7 Otviithjianfling tht UntxfiStA Silaae injitad tf 

6ge, Much 2j, ^V Anfwer to his Majefiy't mapj and gracious 

^^^^^ Meffages rt Uth Haufis, ■wherthy it may appear that 

thiy dejirt ta obtain their Ends hy Force rather than 

treaty, which mayjufily difcouragt bit Maji/iyfrvnt 

■any man Overturts af that Kind \ yet his Ma}tfly 

ctnfeiyes hefiiaU be much u/aniing tajiis Duty to Gedf 

and in -what he ttueth ta the Safely af his People j if 

ht Jhoitld net intend ta prevent the great Inconvenitntet 

that may tthenuife binder ~a fafe a^ .well-greimdrd 

Peace. Hit My^y there/are t^tw prapa/itb that 



^ E N OL ANDi Jffj 

f/ihtimjf have tbt FaiA tf istb Haafa »f ParSa^ Ad. •! C«. U 

.tKtntfir tkt Prsfirvatim tf hit Htnar^ Ptrfkn, avd ^ ^ '**^' , .j 

Bflaiiy and that Lihtrty bi graai t» aU ikeji via do p.»fc. 

mtd have adherid to his Majifij^ to go to their twii 

HiufeL, and tBtte to Uve ptactaifyt ei^efing their Ef- 

tattt, iail Stgu^atim teiag idien a^^ wabaid beitig 

ampellMd ia udtt atnf Oath net injtituk if the tndtjibt-^ 

fd l^ms <f the KIngdm, *r being put to any ether 

MtUftMten vjhatfaevtr) he mill imnedtateif dijbemi 

tdl Jut .Amtu, and difnunlje aU Mi Garrifim ; and 

being accompanied viith hit Rj>yal^ not his Atartialt . 

Jmndamtey r4tum ta his twa Hee^ ef ParSaMtent, 

trad there r^de ■%iiith ibai. Jnd, fir the ietter Se- ^ 

atrity ^ jdl hit Majejji't Std/jeiSs, he prifpefeth that 

•b, vvtdf hit find two Mettfes^ inmediatefy ttfan his 

tumng t* WcftmuiAer, miS toS an Aa af Oiii>- 

Wtm amdfret Pttrdon ; and uiert hit Maje^y will 

/krthr dt vshatftevtr they wiU ada^ him for tb» 

Gnd and Peaci -f tlni Kingdom, 

And at for ike Kingdom tf Sootluid, hit Mofefif 
ioA made at Mention of et here, in regard if tot 
greta Zo^ tf time whiai mufl now he jpait in eie- 
feai^ion Answer Jrtm thence \ he tbtiara that, 
mnmtAOefy uptn iiit Ktening to Weftmnifter, henviU 
jfpi^ Jdn^lfto give r&MB. all SatitfaStM loachiag 
that Kingdom, 

ifim Majejty tould pejjady doAt tie Sncufs of 
wUeiitff^, i^ etidd *Je many A'gutiams to petfuaie 
Atm St it % iut ball -mly ii^ m ihat grtat one of 
■jpving.emin^aritFKaxtotheJe afiEHed I^t^dant. 

Gwea-at«wr Court at Oxford, the 231I of Mar^ 

The -Lords fent i^is Lmer -down to the 'Com' 
-mons, W4th ft Dcfire that it might be comnuni- 
cated to the ^vtt Ccmmiffioncrs ; .and, be diene 
were divers Particulars in it, whereof, riiey (aid, 
an happy Ufe might be made, conducing to the 
Peace of the three Kingdoms, they defired that 4 
.Committee of both Houfes might be appointed to 
C9nfider of the Letter^ to frame ^a AnfweTt and to 

Vol. XIV. , U fend 


, 3^6 Th^^Vt^enta^ HistVuy 

**■■•» C«- >• fend ft, by,flie>irit Confent of all, both £iS|f/5| 

^ '^^' and &«j, to hJB M^efty 3 But tbia we prfl- 

Mu^ pone to its due Order of Time. 

Thoa ended tKc Icg^ Yeaf 1645:, A Year 

which has product a greater Varicw 6f inlereft^ 

-ing Affairs than any hitherto, lince tbe firAMeety 

4 • ing of this Parliament.— —A feort DipdHont 

therefore, by way of Review of fome TranlafUoiu' 

New Writ! iflbtJ'P'^ "^ illuftrating what is to auoe, may here be 

&rfiip[JyiiieV.-.vei7 necefliiry. 

cindti in clw , It has already been obferved, in the Bninning 
Ho^of Cmh- ^ jjyj jjjjj^ Volume, That within twelve MonAa 
after the Battle of Naftbj, in ytini 1645, near 
150 Writ* were ifiiied out by the Houfe of Com» 
Atone, for fupplying the Plfucs of fucb Members at 
were dead, and of others who had been diiabled 
irom fitting there in 1642 aitd 1643, for taking 
Part with die King>——Tbcfe Vacancies, which 
•amounted to ^1 one Third Part of the Houfe, 
(many Writs being iStied for twe Members) 
•■were filled up molUy by thofe that Were of the 
Jndiptndmt Party : A Circtimlhjice which will 
help to account for the Divifions upon conteiled 
- Queftions being larger than uTual, and alfo for the 
much greater Changes that enfued. . 

This Affair took its Rife from a Petition prc- 
ienfed by the BurgefTes of Settthwari, id ^"gtsfi 
i645>^defiring a new Ele&ion ; Mr, IV^i^ one of 
^ their M^beis, being dead, and Mr. BagfitaWy ^e 

*ther, difablcd by ^att (tf). The Account of the 
Debate thereof, which happened on the 14th, is 
thus given by Mr. Wbithcie (i) : * Some were ©f 
-Opiniona new Eleftion might prove inc6nven)ent 
and v^ Danger : Others prcfled it as the Right of the 
. Subjed to have BurgeiTcs : Upon the Queflion, 
,To defer it for a Month longer, it was catried in 
-die Negative, and the Houfe refolved into a Grand 
.Committee to confider of it. Accordingly, on the 
2iff, this Mancr was reliimed, and it was carried, 
, by 

1 - -(a) See VsJ. IX. p. 4^ (*} AfaKn4U, p. aUt^ <■ 


^ if EN GL-ANDi J07 

bythT«<VoiMs(<), to have newEle^oni; andtHeAa. at Or. U 
Spoaker was onlercd to ilTiK out his WaFnints to "*i- ^ 
thatPui^c; but with this Rcftriflion, * That no' "^j^,^ 

* Perfba eledc4 fliould fit in the Houre till he took 
< the CfVtaaitf,' And on the ftrft of September it 
W<u ytfilvtd, * That no Pcrfon fliould be chofcn 

* who had borne Anns againft the Parliament.' 

Gerieral LuMow's Account of this Matter runs 
Aus (rf) 1 * The Houftfof Commons finding their 
BuHitefs to increafe, and their Numbers to dim!'- 
oiih, by^ the Death of fome, and Defertion of 
pthers to the King at Oxfard^ ordered the Commif-* 
iioners of the Great Seal to ilTuc Out Writs lo fuch 
■Counties, Cities, and Boroughs, as the Houfe, by 
dieir particular Order, {hauld direct, for the Elec- 
tion of Members to ferve in Parliament:— —^- 
-^ut their beft Friehds were not without Fears what 
the I^Tue of their new £Ie£lions might be ; for 
fthough'the People durfl not chufc fuch as were 
open Enemies to them, yet probably they would 
.fuch as weremoft likely to be for a Peace, upon any 
-Terms, corruptly preferring the Fruition of their 
:£llatcs and fenfual Enjoyments before the Public 
. Interel) ; which Sort of Men were no lefs dange- 
jrous than the other : And therefore honell Men, 
in all Parts, did what they could to promote the 
■j£lc£lton of fuch as were moft hearty for the Ac- 
;i:omplt{hment of oor Deliverance ; judging it to 
be of t}u highefl Importance fo to wind up Things^ 
that we might not be over-reached i>v our Enemies 
in a Treaty, that had not been able; to contend 
with us in open War.' 

The. Diaries, or printed News-Papers, of thefe 
-Times afford us fome very wholefome InftruiSions 
to the Country on this Occafion, too remarkable 
, -to bcpafled oyer : 

Cbvfe Men of able Parts^ Knowlei^t, Ceuragty 

.and Exfrejfion ; Prefefm of Religicrit eieaa in all 

U 2 " Dutiitt 

(t) The Jtumili fonfimi thit Circonilbnce of three Voim, th* 
. kTaoibtii talog fi; ip^nn 61 1 Bui il BppCTit brtbole AntliDiitiM, 
Tbit rbc DIviQoD wu upoa the fiifl QueDion Mnjl 14th, md am 

{i) Idtmira, Vol. L p, Idj, tod 1^°, 


3o8 Hh Parliamentary Hi 8 Tour 

n. II Ctt. I. Dtiitei, holy toiuards Getl, tmdjufi^ttvfOrds till Mitti 
, '*^-'- . /r« //vm Cnxteufnefs, OppnJJiaii, and ParUdity : 
j4U^ Cbufe nane thai have my Difendanct Upm Ontmr^ 
fer fuch cannot ht ysun furthrr than another wiUftr~ 
mil i chufe theft as havt Eftatet in your Ceuntteiy jIkS 
not fueh at want to get Eftatti iy ihiir 'Coittitrfs Rtan T 
Chufe juch at have tan Oppofers of ill/gat TariSt 
I^ans, Ship-Money, and Mnwpolits.- Taii heedttot 
to thufe any Man thai hai be^n a Receiver of (^ 
People's Money, witbetit his firjl making a clear Ac- 
' taunt to the Kingdom. Laftly, Judge of your Cmi£' 
dates by 'their Lives and PraiiieeSy not by their Words^ 
Proftffiam, » Pntejtatiam; fvr though a Matt'i 
Patth fhalljuftifj him before Gad, yet the Faith iftht 
Aienyeu ek^ ought te be manifefied ta you by theif 

But how inefiaflual all thcle Admonitions w^r^ 
appears by the many Unconllitutional MetboAi 
made Ufe of to carry Elections, at this CriftSi in 
iVarVoickJhire^ Bjrkfiire, Camiridgefinrey Stafford- 
fiiire, Semerfetjhire, and other Parts of the King- 
dom J all which are related at large by thefc In- 
teiligtncers, bHt arc far too tedioira for ourPurpofe; 
«nd the more unneceflary, as they, are thus vcrjr ■ 
briefly, and very juftly, recapituliited by Lord HoUes 
in his Memeiri (e), 

* Id the long Summer Vacation of the Ye^ 
1645, when very many, of the Members wens 
gone into their feveral Countries, they [the Inde- 
pendent Party] ^1 upon that Point of recniitink 
the Houfe ; and notWithflanding the Thiimeu, 
thereof, and its being furprized with that Debate, 
their Creatures, moft of them there, (as they were 
always fure of feme fifty Voices, Perlbns wtu^ 
only Employment was there to drudge and carty 
on their Mafters Work, having thereby a Great" 
nefs Bit above the S^ere they had formerly tnoved 
in i whereas the oth^s were Gentlemen who hid 
Eflates which required their looking after, and alt 
of them fome Vocations, either for their particu- 
lar Bufmel's or Pleafure, which made them lefs diltr 


{/■ E> N G L A N D. 

fpsttj md many of them, as at Other Times, fo then A*. ^ 
away) yet they carried it kut by threa. Voices. , 

* Then (o Work they go to canvals for Elec- 
tions in all Places, for the bringing in of fudi as 
(hould be wholly theirs. FirA they did all they 
could to flop Writs from going any whithar bi|t 
where they were fure to have nt Men chofen for 
-their Turns, and many an unjufl Thing was done 

' by them in that Kind : Sometimes denying Writs, 
fonietimcs delaying till they had prepared all 
Things, and made it, as they thought, coclc-fure : 
Many Tinges Committee-Mcn in the Country, 
fuch as were their Creatures, appearing grofsly, and 
bandying to carry Elet^ons for them ; fometimes 
they did it fairly by the Power of the Army, cauf- 
ing Soldiers to be fent and quartered in the Towns 
where Elections were to be, awine and terrifying, 
fomerimes ^buiing, and ofFering Violence to, tbe 
Electors. And when thefe undue BJetElions were 
complained of, and qucftio/ied at the Committee 
of Privileges, there appeared fuch palpable Partia- 
lity, fo much Jnjuftice, fuch Delays and Tricks to 
yex Parties grieved and their Witoefles, fuch coun-i 
tenancing and defending thofe who had done the 

- Wrong, as it difheartened every Body, and made 
inaoy even iit down, and give over Profecutiun.' 

Thus much by way of lUuftration, proceed we 
BQW with the Bufincfs of both Houfcs. 

March 2j. The Journals of this Year begin ^^ , - 
with the Parliament's monthly Faft, which now 
fell out on the Fealt of the Annunciation, or Lady^ 
Day:— — But both the FcaSs and Falls of tha 
Church had been fome Time abolifhed, to make 
Way for the new Inftitutions of Parlian)B^tary 
Fafts and Thanlcfgivings, 

Marth 26. This D«y was almoft wholly taken 

up by die Lords in conlidcrihg the Prapajitions for 

^eace to be fent to' the King, and his Mjjefty'g 

laft. MiJ^giy but nothing concluded in cither : 

U 3 . Therefor? 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^le 

3 lo 7^ Partiamentary H i s t o r y 

Afa. »i ctr. I. Therefore, for Want of News at booie, we in-* 
. '^*'" fert fomc mor* from abroad, communicated "by the" 
Uiit^. PaHiamcnt's Agent iq Htlland, in the foIlowing^ 

JVr the Right Hm, the Lord G It E y e/" Warke," 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, London. 

Right Honourable^ 
A Letter from « '^ H E Duke of Orleam had given Orders to. 
!^='p»ii.«M', * * prepare a Fleet of Ships, of which he had 

Befidoii jt the ' appointed one Capt. Foran, a Frenchman^ ,wbq 
iJigu*. * hath been in the ttates Service ever fmce' the 

* Lqfs of Rochell, to be Admirali TheNumbero^ 

* Ships were to be 24, of which 14 are hired. < 

* The Intent of this was againll the Parliament, 

* as appeared by Goffe'j Letters (f). : This fame 

* Gafe and Wehjler and others, were about it at 

* the Hague; but the States have rcfolved that 
' Fleet ftiall not go out, at which the Enemies of 

* our Kingdom arc much troubled ; having con-, 

* cetved to themfelveg very great Things froi^i this 

* Preparation, of which breaking the Trade of 

* London was one. 

. * I rememberyour Lordflilps wrote to me, that 
' you had feme Conference with the Dutch Am- 

* bal&dor concerning the Growth of the Ci'own of 
*■ France, and your Thoughts of it; the late Fears 

* and Jealoufic's of a Match betwixt France anrf 
*■ Spain, and that the Portion fhould be the Uanf- 

; - ,* ferring the Provinces, noW held by the ^tiB/ijri/, 

* to the French, hath fo fiiTly made good what your 

* Lordfliips then faid, that atl the Aflurances the 

* Kefident of France here, or the French themfelvcs 

* to the States Ambafiadors at Paris, (that the Of- 

* fers of the Spaniards arc fully rejefted by th^ 

* Queen," 

(fj IVA Lelten ire >11 pnUillted at lirge in hufianfi CeBfaivi, 
f. gjr, & f"}. (FdI. Edit, fjmni in 1646) nndet the Title of 
?I* Lerd Ceore.'! Digb;') Cakmt, mnj Dr. Gnffe'i Ni[i*:alii<l ; O- 
fflbwilb bii Majf/lj't, (i» Sbtwt'i, lii tsri/ Jermjrn'l, and ttbir 
4-^w, lakf at i^ BtttU (^Sbwiarn, /■ YoikAJjte, aktl JH 


V ENGL A N IX " 311 

* Qvetti Regent of /V-ana, and that the FrtBthtat- «» Cw. rA 

* will not treat but conjointly by the Stattt) is not . '^**' ^. 

* enough to fettle their Fears and Ajpprehcniions ; uu«t),, 

* and to induce them not to tbinlc it nt to make the 

* Spaniards Affairs fo defpente« as to oblige them 
*. to grant fuch Conditions to the Ftvtuh \ but ra* ' 

* ther inclined to treat with thetn, and fo. makes 
• * Peace : Yet, as I faid, the Frtneb Miniflers do 

* abundantly endeavour to uke *way thefe Jea- 

* loulies, by afTuring the Stattt that the Queen of 

* FroHct doth willingly r^e^ the QIFer the Spa^ 

* riiarJt ma/ie here, of referring the Difiereifces be-? 

< twixt the two Crowqs to her 9fli the Duke of ^ 

< OrUans, the Prince of Candt and Cardinal Mat 

* zarine ; and that the Queen and Cardinal Mar: 

* xariife will not treat with the Spaniard but aC 
1 ManfieTf and by communicating all to the Stattt. 

* Yet this is pot enough, as it Teems, for they feeq\ 

* more inclined to treat at Manftit fhan, as th^ 

* were wont, to follicit Frantt for the ufual Subfi- 
\ dies that Sute yearly give* them, (to come intp 

< the Field with a good Arn^ and extraordinai^ 

* Affitlance) with which ^they were wont to raifo 

* new Men, 

* My Lord, thofe Things ftem to me to dcfervB ' 

* the Thoughts of the Parliament, and to thiole 

* whether now be not a Seafon for us to conlidef 
' our Interefts here, when we feem to have Adi 
f vsfitages wbich will not liUt always, I am. 

My lor d^ 
Vagiu, M^reh ^^ ■ • 

1 Q46. J^«r Lardfiap't htmhlt Sirvani^ 


AiarcB 30. The Lords made an Ordtr to take 
into Conlideration, the next Day, how the Coun* 
ties, of the Kingdom might be eaied of the Tax^- 
ations and AfTefTments lying upon them, Unce ic 
had pteafcd God to give fuch Succefs to the 
.|"vces uoder th« Command of the patl^unMils 


312 ^^ TerUataentory HisTonT-i 

I. I* Cw. I. and ftere being now no vifibk Army that die 
"**• . King had j but nothing was done in this very im- 
fia^ portant Point till fome Time after. 

I , The Jame Day boUi HouTes amed on ^ Form 
of a Letttr to be fent to the rrincti of Waltti 
which was in box Ftria : ; 

AiMthn turn 'T^^ ami Comrnenj a^mhUd in the Par~ 

loth Houfti lo liament of England, //eitig informed that your 

the Prince of High»'fi ii laiehf rtmavid into theljle sf Scilly, bavt 

WUfltr tommandtd as in their Names, to invite ym tr> nme 

forthwith tnte their ^arteri ; and to refute in Juch 

Phctf and ■anlb fuch Cnincil and Attendants about 

you, as the two Htmfes ^ail think fit to appoint, 

- This being all Vie have in Charge^ we tah Larve ti 

Voyr Highnefs's humble Servants, 


" Speolcer of the Houfe of Peers, 

prt Tempore, 

S^feakcr of the Commons Houf* 
,: in Parliament,. 

Hirir OrJcM in ^^^"f^h 3 J. The following Vote of the Houle of 

fir^oftlKKinV* Commons was fent up to the Lords for their Concur- 
' That in cafe the King, contrary to the 

* Advice of the Hpufes of Parliament already gi* 

* ven hjni, Ihould come, or attempt to come, 

* wichin the Lines of Communication ; that then 
"* thf Committee of the Militia of L,ondon fhall have 

* Power, and are hereby enjoined, upon Advice 
'' had with the Comn>iCtee of the LorJs and C6m« 
■* mons for the Army, to raife fuch For-ces as they 
' Aiall think neceffary to prevent any Tumult that 
y may arife by his CoOiing ; to fupprefs any that 

* Ihall happen ; to apprehend and fecurc fuch at 
( Ibal) ^pn^ with-faim}' to prevent Selort to him, . 


!(/■ E N G L A N D. 313 

< w»d to fccure his Perfon.' This the Lords *»• «» c«- ^ 

weed to, with the Addition of the Words frfim ' **' 

w^ifcnV. This Month begins with an Order for 4 
rencral Thankrgiving, for the great Suc(; th? 
Army under Sir Thaauu Fairfax agaJnft the Ene- - 
my in the tV^, in brealting and deftroying their 
Annies, and giving them up into the Hands of th^ 

Next, the Iioids went into a Committee to de-* 
bate ai^ OrSnance for Martial Law, when fome 
jAIteratiom and Provifoes were added Then 
the whole was read a third Time, and the Quef- PtDteii nlatiBg 
tion being put, Whelhtr to agree to this Ordinanct ^J^P^''!"*' 
now read ? it was carried in the Affinnaiivc. The "•"**' ***• 
following Lords, before the putting the Queftion, 
defired L^ve to enter their DiiTents, if it was car* 
ried againft them ; and they figned accordingly : 
£s9Ex. - ; .Manchestek. WilloughbY. 


Suffolk. Robekts. Bkuce. 

Though this Ordiuaiut was to continue in Fore* 
only three Months ; yet as it gave Occafion 10 a 
Proteft, an Abllra£t thereof may not be impro^ 
per (a) : Hereby Sir Thomat Fairfax, Major-Gene^ 
ral Siippen, and about forty more. Officers, Civi- 
lians, and common Lawyers, or any twelve or 
more of tfaein, were appointed a Court-Martial 
within LanJen and Wejlminfitr^ and the Lines of 
Communication, to lit on all fucb as fltould oSend 
againft the Articles following : 

I. ' None to go from the Parliament's to the 

* King's Q^iarters, or coirefpond with the Enemy 

* without Leaver on Pain of Death or other cor- 

* poral Puni&ment. 

a. • Nor 

(*) Th!i OrilnuKt it |i»eB tX lirgc in R-fourllf, (USilllnt, 
Tol. VI. p. 15X, ini) M'ySds^i'i, p. S74. In theblMTof CbtlsaU 
the VuMi of ttic CiiiBQuffi«Bcn UE puuculuUcd. 


3'4 Tix Par/iamen/afy iitsT6jtr 

iu. M Cir. I. 2. ' Nor harbour or relieve, Vnovnn^j, any one^ 
,^ ' * ■-, * in Anns againfl the Parlument, on the fame Pe- 
Apii' * "^Ity. I 

3, ' He who Ibould furrender or betray any 

• ftrong Place, contrary to the Rules of War, to • 
' fufffer Death. 

^ * Nor mutiny, under the fame Penalty. 

5. * To fuffcr an Officer, taken by the Parlla- 

• ment, to efcape, if wilfully. Death ; if negli-r 

• gcnily, corporal PuniQiment. 

6. ' All who, having taken the Caveaant, (ball 

• yet take Arms agatnft the Parllanfenc, to di^ 

• without Mi.rcy; as fhould alfoall Defertets, 

■7. » Whoever comes from the King's Quarters, 

' * or has been there for a Month paft, or borne 

■ * Arms againft the Parliament, and (hall come 

• into their Quarters without a~Pa(s, Drum, of 

• Trumpet, and not render himlelf within forty- 
'* eight Hours, to die without Mercy ; « alio all 

' Spies. 
■ * The faid Commiffioncrs ■were impowered ts 

• iflire Warrants, to fit at their Difcretion, and ap- 

• pointed a Judge- Advocate and Provofl-Marflial j 

• and all Mayors and Sheriffs to be aiding, £3'e. 

• But this OrMnanci not to extend to any Member 

• of either Houfe; no Sentence to pafs but upon 

• Teftimony of two Witneifes, or Confe^on of the 
* ^ Party; no Execution of Death uU after fix Pays 

• Notice to both Houfes.' 

The Anfwer to the King's laft Miffage)xm^ X 
' length agreed to by both Houfes and the ScoH 
'Commif&one;*s, it was ordered to be fent, undei 
Cover, to Sir Thamai Glemham, Governor of 0»- 
fordy where the King yet was, by a Trumpeter. 
This Anfvier is very concife, and ran in theft 
Words : 

■ Mti^it pleaft your Majefly, 
TltePtrliMMnt'i « ITT £ your humble and loj-al Subje£ls of berth 
KnlT'I'lIa *Mef- ' ^ Kingdoms, having received your Letter of 
lige. * the 23d inft. do humbly return this Anfiticr^ 

' that 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^]c 

»/ ENGL AND. ' 315 

* That until S|ttsfa£tien aiul Security be giiren to *»»• "j Cir. t ■ 

* toth your Kingdoms, and for the Realbifs men- . ' **' / 

* tioned in our Anfwtr to your fonner tfttttrsy, April, 

* your Majcfty'i coinipg ^lere cannot be for your 

* bwn Good nor your Kingdoms, nor by us ad- 

* minted : But your Majefty's AlTcnt unto the PrO' 

* pefitims, which we intend Ibeedily to prcfent, will 

* be the'effedual Means to give the Satisfuftion 
. * and Security wedefire,' 

Jlprjl 3. An OrJinanee was :^recd to, by both Tbeir OidunnM 
Houfes, for banifliing aJI Papifts from the Cities oi^^ JftTit^ii^ 
Lendm and Wefiminjiery and all other Places with- i^ot. "' 
in- the Lines of Communication j together mth all 
Officers, Soldiers of Fortune, and other Pcrfons, 
who have borne Arms agatnft the Parliament, in 
three Days Time. IF, after that, they were fecn 
within the faid Limits, they were to be declared 
Spies, and' to fuffer, by Martial-Law, accordiiwly. 
This Precaution was talcen to prevent any Tu- 
mults which might happen, if the King came to 
London; for notwithftanding the Parliament's po- 
fitive Refofal, in their ]aft Letter to him, they 
were in great Apprehenfions of a yific from his 

A Lftttr from the Earl of Rutland and Lord 
Montague was this Day read to the Lords ; in 
which were Copies ■ of the Summoni /ent into 
^eumri, and the Governor's Anfwer to it. The 
Letter we (hall give as follows ; but the others be- 
ing printed in Mr, Rufinvortb, we (hall content our- 
ielves with referring to his Colleihans for them (mj. 

For tht Right Honourable the Speaker «/ the Houfe 
of Peers pro Tempore. 

May. it pieafe your Lordjhlf^ 
f ^~V N Saturday laft we met with the Earls of 

* \J Loudon and Dum/ennline, the Lord B^iear- „J^i^^,g, 
^ raSf %\t- David Humt, Six Thomai Ker^ Sir Tbo- ot HvuvK 

' jnat 
(>) Kafivtnfi M/faitn, Vol VI. f. »jl. 

r..„ ,:.,Gt)tH^lc 

3i6 ■ 7i6^ PWjwartsrtarj' H I 8 T o R V 

"• »j' c--,*-* mt Ruthm, Mr. GUndinmng^ and Mr. >-fo» 
' ^^' * ^9»i Committees of the Parliament of Stetlaadi 
-jI^ ' and did, that Day. agree upon and fend ^urntav** 

* into Newark. We have incIo(ed fent yaui 

* LordlhipS; Copies of our Sumnwas and the j^^ 

* Jivtr J and, finee the Moray of the Parliament i« 

* neglefted, we hope, fev fuch other Means as 

* God and the Pailiamf nt nava put into our Hands, 

* ere long to reduce that Place. 

* The Tarijhire Committee have wrote to us to 

* be difcngaged from the Promilc of Repayment c£ 

* wbatthe Counties of Lintolny Lekejlery and A^a#- 
« tingham fliould, for the prefent, lay out for th? 

* Quarters of the Yorkfiart Hat^^, in regard their 

* Ordinance was expired ; and that they fenfthly 
^ • find, by Experience, they are not liltp to raife 

* any confiderable Sums of Money fo long as t(ia 

* Scats Horfe continue their heavy Burthens upon 

* that County; we therefore (for that without pre- 

* fcnt Payment tliefe Counties cannot provide fop 

* tbde Horfe) iball be neceffitated to fend them 

* iMoYark/^rii and the Line being nowfiniihedt 

* we hope they may be ipared without much Pre;. 

* judice to the Service, 

' Colonel Poyntz doubts not but prcfendy ta 

* turn the River quite into a new Channd, that 

* their Mills may not be helpful tothcpi, or the 

* Water hinder the Approaches pn the North Side 
» Trmt. The Field-Officers have viewed the 

* moft convenient Places for Forts, either to {hoot 

* into the Town or Sconces, which are iit Prcpa- 
. * ration, and will fpeedily be hnilbed ; and wa 

* ihall lofe no Time to make a good Eitd of this 

* Service.' 

Yiur LerdfiSfi't ma/l bumhlt ServsBli, 


April 6. As 3 farther Proof that the Parliament 
. expected a fudden . Vjfit from the King, the Earl 
of iiarthumberlandt this Day^ prefented to the 



«<■ E N G L A N D. 317 

Lords a Copy of feme Grdtn Bwde by (Jw Com- A", n Cw. t, 
nrittee of the Anny for the City MiHtia to kd by, ^^ ^^' 
in cafe fuch an Accident Ibould happen. The ^^^^^"^ 
Principal of which were theft, t»«. 

* That if the King (hould come »p ts my of 

the Guards, the Cortimatuling Officer Aere fliouh}. Further Oidcn^ 
with ftidi Force as might be procured^ condaahis ^L^"'**'*'*'' 
M^^efty to St. Jtmufi Hanfi j and place a Guard JjtoLiiS^ 
there to fecure his Perfon from Danger, and prt~ 
vent any Rdbrt unto him, nntil both HouTes wCre 
made acquainted therewith. 

* That the (bid Officer on Gxiard ffiauia «ppre^ 
hend and fccure fuch Ferfoni as cotne along with 
the King, and put tbem into Aich PriJ^u and 
f^aces aa the CommiTtA for the Milittt Aa>u14 
think fit, till th« Houfet give ftmhel- Orders. 

* That the iuA t3Acer ftouM eaike Catrto pre- 
■vent any Perfens from r^rting to the Ktt»g % uA 
in cafe any flaouM endeavour, in&'fdrciMeM3Rnbr» 
CO have Aoc(& to kiM, Ant -dien 4ve Ihdl apptre- 
tiend and fecure them «i11 futther Otden. 

' And, in caTedf ^efiftance inanyijf theC^fA ' 
i^nffald, that dw OScM's Mid SoldieA iboalii, by 
Force of ArHiB, acoordiftg *o the Goatfe of War, 
«brerve theft Din£Uons, in purfuance of Aie Or- 
di/iante of Parliamsnt.' 

Upon this Occafion ^ Committee fer Xtit Mi- 
litia vrere ordentl to ftrMi^«fi ^letr'Guarda b<>tfi 
within and withow the LiMe, «nd employ only 
fudi Men -as, 4i»r ttieir Fidelity and Abilities, ihey 
could coiffiiie in. 

Apt^i'j. Kot«itKftand^ (ht I'arKAnent'^ gfOft 
Succetin lately, oA That the King had new nd- 
tfaing like the Face of an. Am^ in the Field, thVf 
Were not willing to dHbond ai^ of their FoKes j 
but, this 0ay, agreed to an Ordintmet for continu- 
ing the Army under Sir Ti/mas Fmrfax for four 
^onths longer. 

Nothing material happening in the yaurnahf 

'except lome ftott ^cetint of -the Progref» of the 



^i8 ^ ParUamaitaryiit$To.9iY 

An. H Cm. I> Siege before Nev/ari, and a Demand Fron^ tM 
. '^^ , Stttt Anny there for greater Supplies of AciBititii* 

j^W/ 15. ■ When the Report of a Confctcnce beJ- 
tween the two Houfe^was mad^ to the Lords, hy 
■ their Speaker, to this Purpofe i 

* ThatcheOccafionaf cheConftrence.waacon^ 
^^^^"^^^ cerning a printed Book, ifttituled, Som Papers ef 
p«pn« of tiki '^ CammiJJienert of Scotland, tSc, wherein wcrs 
toMi Capmif' found fome-Things both fcandaloua and fadle 1 and 
^^^heioi (j,3( (,jp fjQ^jj. gf Commons had mad« the foUow- 

. Jng ^0flr upon it, in which they dcfired thcif Lord- 

.&ips Concurrence : 

Rtfilvtdi by the and Commons afiemblej 

in I>ariiament, * That the Book intituled. Same 

* Papers ef tk* Cornmijhneri ef Scotland, pvtn im 

* lately tt ibe Heists of Paruawunt, enutming the 

* Pic^ofitMas ef resi/x, priatedfer RohcnBo&odc^ 

* dwelling at thi Sign ef the iCing's Head, in Paul's 
■ Church- Yard, April 11, 16464 doth contain in 

* It Matters Icandalous - and falfe ; and they do 
.* thereupon order that it be forthwith burnt by 

* the Hands of the common Hangman ; and'd* 

* declare^ that the Author and Publiflier thereof is 
' * an Incendiary betwaen the two Kingdoms o{ 

* England and Scatland.' 

This r*(< being read, the Speaker faid, « That 
the Commons had already made fom'e Inquiry into 
^e Buftnefs, and had examined Bafieckt ^c Prinr 
±er, who he had the Copy of the Book froni ; 
vho at firft denied, but afterwards confe&d Uiat 
he had it from the Clerk to the Scsts Commif- 
-fionera. , The Commons faid he was not -alked 
any Thing concerning the Scots Commiffioners, 
nor did they intend U ; but that it was a free and 
voluntary Confeffion of Boflock, 

* That the Commons faid further at this Con-. 
ftrence, That there was, in the Preface to this 
Book, an Endeavour, by Intimation, to draw the 

» , People from the Parliament. And becaufe the* 

would not fettle the Govetnmeot of the Church 

.io th» Way fome defire, therefore .they would 



..</: E N ax AN D. 3,, 

^^^tlc none. And bccaufc the Parlisunent would ^ ** dt. 
'not fettle tbe Mil'ttU of thU tSgdotn alfo, as fomc '^4*- 
ddlred, it therefore appeared that the Houfes of / a'-I" ' 
. .P^liament Would have no Pface, and did intend 
.to ^terdie Gpvernnlicnt of the Kingdom. 
■ * Laflly, the Comn^ons were of Opinion, T^at 
^iJela fome Dtchrratun be rpeedily publi^cd to 
vindi,cate tbe Parliament Jrom thefe ScandHls, there 
.niay much Prdudice come to their Proceedings : 
Therefore the Houfe of Commons intended fpee- 
diljr to publifli a Dtctaratioti, That it is the Intent 
.of Parliament to fettle Church-Government as 
.near as they can to the Word of God ; and that 
they do not intend to alter the Gdvernment of the 
Kingdom; but becaufe this would require fome 
Time, they thought iit, for the prefent, to make 
this Vattf wherein they dclired their Lordfliips. 

Then the Boole was resd to the Lords, and it 
was ordered that this Bufiifefs fhould be taken into 
Confideration the next Morning, and all the Lords 
in Town to have Notice to attend. , 

But, notwithftandingthis Oriirr, the Affair was 
not entered into that Day by the Lords, though a 
-Mellage came up to them, from the Commons^ 
to defire their Lordlhips to expedite their Concur- 
rence tt> the Vati about the Book } becaufe nothing 
^being yet done in it, the Contriver and 
Vas run away, ind they knew not how to proceed 
itgainft him. Howcvet> " 

Jpri! ty. The Lords refumcd the Affair, and, 
.B long Debate arifmg, feveral DiviCons, on Quef- 
tions, were made ; as. Whether the Vote of the 
Houfe of Commons, on the Book, fhould be put 
as it was brought up from them, or divided into 
Farts \ and it was carried for the former. Then 
die whole V»tt of tbe Commons being read, ano- 
ther Queftion was put. Whether to agree with 
the Houfe of Commons in this Vsuf The Num- 
bers being equal, notlutfx was tronclutled on thi^ 
Day. fiut 

.. - y ■■ Ok 


520 ■ fhf ParKaimafaryJiiiTtilLT 

k M OathenextDay^thisAfiairbeingagain brought 
'*<*• ^ on the Ciupet, fome Alterations and Amendments 
^^ were propofed to be made in the Fate ; and Aey 
being read, the Queftion frai put. Whether to 
pala the ^w which came from the Houfe of Com- 
mons with thel« AlMratiotis, i^c, it was carried in 
the; Affirmative, and this Refbiutin was ordered 
to be fent down to them. 

The Commons afterwards agreed to theC; Al- 
terations of the Lords } and then the Subftance of 
the Vete ran thus : 
bi P»«A«o ' Be it trdaimd, ^c. That the EplJiU, and the 

cnto ortwed * Trail intituled The State tf the l^efiian, ttff . in 
W Inaa. « (^g B(^^ intituled, Saitu Paptriy Wf. do con- 
' tain in them Matters fcandalous and falfc ; and 

* they do thereupon ordain^ That cnfy the f^ 

* EptJlU and Traii, being the Preface to the faid 

* Book, be forthwith btunt by the Hands of the 

* common Hangman. And do further declare and 

* ordain^ That the Author is a Ferfon highly dif- 

* afFefied to the Parliament of England^ and bath 

* endeavoured to raife Sedition aeainft it and the 

* Kingdom ; and that the Matter be put into a 

* Way <^ Exan^ination to find out the Author, and 

* to enjoin all P«rfons whatibcver to difcover bim.* 

Mr. Wbiilacie writes, • That it was not without 
dome Ground, of Sufpicton that fome of die Scm 
CommiiHoners themfelves encouraged, if not ap- 
pointed, the Printing of this Book, which made 
others more Iharp againft it.' 

Mr. Rufhwarth takes Notice that the SfrtrCom- 
milEoners delivered in feveral Papers relating to the 
Profcfitions of Peace, and mentions the Cenfuce 
palled upon the Preface and the Stale of the ^ef- 
tian, (which was the main Part objected to bv 
Parliament, and the only one that fufiVivd the 
Sentence of Fire, pronounced at firft agaipft ihft 
whole) but gives us neither of theje; and what is 
called, in his Calle^ions, the Subftance of the Pa- 
Ptrt themfelves, is an AbflraSl of foirie otbfr Papers 
^rcfeotcd to Parliament feveral Djiys altiA-.— ^W^ 


< E N G L A N D. 321 , 

Aerefbre give the whole Pamphkl in qiwftion, from An. siCw. !• 
the original Edition itfclf, prefcrvcd in the Collec- . '^*^' 
tions of Sir yalm GaadricAt (f) ; together with the Avi^ 
Parliament's Anfvitr, t;Ucen from the L9rds Jour- 
nalsf and the Detlaratien of the Commons there-* > 
upon publiflied bjr their Order {g) ; as the beft Wav 
of laying before the Public a juft Idea of this Dil^ 
putc between the two Nations. 

At the fame Time alfo the Commons ordered 
the Anfiuer of both Houfes, to fome former Papers 
frtun theirs// Commiffioners, to be pubiifliedi but 
this is already given under its proper Date (£), 
Arid firft 

SoTtU PAPZaS of the CoMMISSTONBRft if ScOt- 
landi given in haehf to the Haufes of Parliament, 
soneerning the Propofitions nf Peace> 

To the R E A D _E R. 

Judicious and good Reader* 
tr*H E drawing up of PropofitioilsA^ Peace « 
■^ beftnt unto the King^ for a long Time hath taken 
up the Thoughts and Pains rfthoje -who ft at the Stern 
and Helm of Afairs, The Delay of feit£ng the 
Propofitions, of late hath hufied the Phandes and 
Tongues of mojt Men, who do mah it, at thii Time^ 
the ordinary Theme of their Difcourfes, which every 
ttie franteth right or wrong as he is carried by Inter- 
eji \ but chiefly and mainly as he is led by Informa- 
tion, 'reafoning to and fro, be layefh the Caufe of the 
thus del/tying to fend Propofitions to his Majefly, 
upon thofe whom he thinks and giveth out te be the 

Vol. XIV. X Novo 

UHi Jnrnah Tint, on the 13^ of Xiireh 
o Kcjpt of iiooi of thii Geatlcnun^ 
men ■ i-riioner in ine •iraiir, at 1 Fine from hit Delinquency in 
bearing Arifn igtian ihe Paitiimeni ; with thii l^rotib, Tt»t he , 
Ikiwld fettle 4? /. ptr jlnmnn for erer, oRitbe Cnnte of Hajbgraii 
and that the faid Fin« of tioa I. he paid to Ttutuu SttxkJale, t(^, 
Uwafds the Satii^fiion of Hit Lofle) for the Public. 
- (g) Printed far BJmtrd Ih/tatidi, Printer to the Hqnounftjf 
Hoof* of Commern, dwellinj'in Flal-fimt, M the Sign of iht 
tslJm Dra^m, Afrit it, 1(14,6. 
(i] Daiitiir 10. in [Ml Velumc, ;> ^4t &/({• 


•^zt The PdrBiPftmtiy^iiTi^Viy 

A> «i CiT. 1. Hqw^ fifing ^tgrtalKt^a(t9f'»ai^wtH'-$ginU 
'^**- td Mia III tkii Pomti w/w, taiit^ Tmgt in iUfi' 
jiIm enid Hmd, teitboui Bang abU t» dkntt At Baitm 
4nid Grnmd ef Jffmrt^ ^mt at Xavtrtf amd db lUt 
tMain tbt Marii fir Af httrr J^smmtioitv/. kM 
thtfi tuAt /km Trtiiht ^td that fitiih^ Mat, wH^ 
Canfimuj fk ^ Prinapht vihtTiwttovn mrrtMfimm 
bj tmr Solemn CovenzRtT and titdutf ciw^Trttfu 
ha; Ag r tg rn rM i f and Refiiits-, efierfa many D/iaUiy 
C*nflrentts^ exd mature DiHierattgny ht M M»rt 
lUa aHfitttdtrJiiiad i as thty art hyfimu^ noHuhi, ia 
tbtfimbo art ft nOKh tmttrntd t» imw tbt TrntOf 
end canfiquently ta rejeil tht finiftrtus Reperttf raifid 
(tnd^riad abroad again/} Hontfty and laitgrSty^ with 
tiH^ani FaHbfitiittfi It, tht Giefy tf Gtd and Gttd 
tf hat Pt»ple \ I bavhg dtarly wuUrflud^ fitm very 
goad Intelligittu^ tbt Caufi in Hand, da fit It d9wn 
bin truly an4.fmplj as it is re vera, without any Dif- 
guifemtnt byfiating tUt ^tfiian eAerways than it it 
iitaeed, trbyceleuringstuiilhafffHediVerds; tidneh 
f. bert frt/tnt unta thte,. judtcious Rtadert heertify 
far thy SatisfrSian ; with the Copy tf three Papers 
given into, the Htufis af Parliament hy the Cammif- 
fifnert af Scotland, which the lafi Day fell into n^ 
Jiar.ds, I pray Ihtt it laie in gted Part this wt^ 
£xfrtfftan for tht Publit Goad, frain. him wit ctn- 
jpant/y prayeih for tht tVelfai-e af JcruGdein^ and 
iijifhuh tbti ta Hvi in it happily and fra^rrwufif. 

i'tic S-TATE cf the QyxerrioK coaceming the 
\ ' Pr^fkitns of Peatt^ 

rH E CtmmJJieners tf Scotland have far lan* 
Menthsy everfinte the 20*4 af June lafi^ prrf- 
JidAt ftndirtg^f the f oritur Propoiidons agrttd npaii 
ietWetn the Kingdsms, prefefitid to tbt King at Ox- 
lord, tmd wherc^ the mjl material wer/ afterward 
dtbtiid upan at Uxbridgc, 

7*f Houfis af Parliament, nptn tht fixth tf Au- 

gttfi i^i in aitfiuer te tbt Scots Cttntm^iurSf df 



tlare, Thai Propqfitmns ^^ te fint jpteSfyy iui *^^*^- ** 
''i^^t^tf -intend t» 'make Jme^hiratttrft. ' ^ '*' j 

' Ajfttr niite Mmtbt, the Hcufet dehwer U tot Scots ' Apil. . 
^nimUfSoHtn^ apSH theiafl if FcWiury, firiu neiO / ' " 

Tbt Cavimjfiantn af Scotland* upait the ibth ^ 
March, dtS-Mriit thei^ Anfvnr U life Propofi- 
tTom; Itibertin they abfervi^'. Shot ali the OHiifftta, 
.^UMMj, bT Jkifatiani made in the firmtr Pitq>o- 
fitknis, ' Af/ inihefe^ingl uihith'fpuirHtktjti>ii\in^ 
Urifi and JMm 'ef ihi Ktiigdmu. 

Vpnt the ibth if Mah:h the Hoa/et appntit « 
Cemmittee is d/iale with tie Scots Ci^nmSmiri ttn- 
■ ieml^g the Hijferences, v)hith Oretlnefly^e/i : 

1. Cinterning'^tVmoa; the Heuju inoie a ge- 
Iterai PrOpofitioti, during the King t* i^etd tt what 
they hMe U- JhaU agree uptk cma rni ng- Refermatitn 
»f .RtSgidH^ and ttn^iminj^ Uiiifarmity in Reitgienf 
« the tVM Ktngdeita fi>all4igree. 

^%e Cmadfigntn dtfre ie hnUithe Ptn^tUtdars, 
thaty afief-fi %M;g Ctnfiltfa/m »fihe i)imnei ef isth 
^i^4mit ihef iiteyt' iuith Xtml^ ^id Afftirancet 
ttnfitit U thttt Fropdfition. Ji vfot anfweredy Thi 

Hemps had net ufiined- fvhat Partisan te/endj 
- enti tfit CtmniffiUHers ^^Scotland dei^ it cUtifint till 
thtjf'ie at^uiinu^ with iiif -pMrtimirJi md take 
t^ni int«-Cenfideraiii)n 

^. CtHitrningtHiAilkai the Cetmi^t'ners de- 
Jlre thtfermtr Proftofidon agreed Ufin hetv/ffit. tbt 
•' KingdmSi emd tleia/*d at UxbrMge te ie/enl^ ^e~ 

4he Hu^tif in .their nevf Propo^ttons, toiH havS 
the MUUia tf iht .Kingdami f^ed fiverfUy^ e^jfi 
Kingdem bj itU^ 3^U 
-'The Ctnm^mri difirtfueh a Canjitn&tan at leafi^ 
ea. bttb mOff ' ttp«i\0(uifisH, jtin tag^htr for fiip^ 
fe^g InJurreSifiMf md efpa^ forpgk bttM- 

-- The Htttfet wiU have th Milm« filflfd m ^em* 
fthusfttm 7me to Tibuj witbtut imy l^tauen i 
and net tnlj the King^ but hit P^erity and the 
Crtvm funded in 77»i« cmitkHg., 

X a Tht 


324 ^ 'Parliamentary History 

«. » Cw, I. Tlie Commjfmirt anceht it neceBeryj that, fir 
'i'^6. tbt Security iif the Ktngdemti tht Militia fiitula he 

■"' » — ' ft ftttUd ai the King may have nt Povier, to mckt 
^"^ tbefe Kingdemi twice miferahle j but that this being 
m Cafe txtraon^Harj., itjhaitld anlj be for a Time} 
and as, upin the ant Parti they tbini it moft dat^e-^ 
^ous the MiMx fiatild, after Expiration a/that Time, 
beftttUd in tht King alane j fi they beid it very m- 
faftj that the Fmdawwiial Laws tf the Kingdiat 
Jheuld be aheredy and the Grown fer ever eKtk4ed 
frm ali Intereft and Right vihatfaever; but, after 
Exfiratian tf futh a Tims as /hall be agreed upon^ fhe 
ordering tf the Militia may be by King and Pari}a~ 
mtnt, accarding tt the many Declarations */ btth 

■ Kingdims, and particitlarbf of the Htufes tf Parlia- 
ment, wht affirm it tt be, by the Csn/iitutian and 
Fundamental Laws 4>f the Kjngdtm, in King and 
Parliament together ; and anhf in Cafes exiraerdinary» 
when the King fails in his Duly, the ParBament aitnr- 
tt previdefir the Stairitf of the Kingdom (i). , 

3. Concerning Irdand ; the Hotifes alledge. That 

■ she TraHfa£iitm betwen the Kingdoms, 
Edinburgh, Nov. a8, 1643, orentTnaXj. , 

The Commlftoners mate it appear that Uisa Trpa-. 
ty I for that the Englifli Coiamffianert had Power to 
treat, agree, and conclude ; Articles are iirawn ,uf 
and agreed untt, which the Htufes ratify and con- 
firm in their Votes of tht ^th »/Marcb W tub 
cf April, 1643 ; '" '*< /"«' Votes calling, f « 
Treaty : And Scothnd performs thetr Part af .tht 
Treaty; aaits their Army Jiay, and advances to them 
a hunired ihoufand Pannds Ste>di«gr at theDef^ of 
England, who then, becaufi af their law Ctndstion, 
«^, mt able tt fend them any S^fi ami nr^ the 
Houfes maie ^ue/Hon ta perfonH tbttr fart of. tbt 
Treaty « Scotland. - . > n ■ 

Laftly, The Difference IS eonceming four VsofO' 
firiohs, formerly agreed upon betst^en. m .K'ngdcmSy 
and amdted by the Ibufes in tbtsr ntw Prop(»fit«.r«. 



{^ E N G L A N D._ ^25 

1. 7^ Propofition .oat PeaCK aaJ Wax ^11 mt *»' »» Cir: I. 
ie mtuU witbiiut Ctnfent of both Kingdatiu. ■ ■ • .•'**' . 

2. F*r educating of toe JGitg't Childrin ijt Onjhtt ^Lil. 

if betb Kingtkms. - - - 

3. For diJimtHiig the Armts by Ctnfittt §f btth 

"4, For an Ail if Obihitn by Cmfent tf bith. 
The Cammfftanert dtfire^ that either tht Prapoli- 
tions comern'mg Religion, the Militis, and Ireland, 
be fent alone as mm done at Uxbrid^ j ar, if mere 
be ftnty that thefe Propolttions, which cancera the 
jiint htereji of both Kii^d'nu, mayalfi be fent 
when, others of left Mament are fent. 

'-' When the Committee of both Houfes and the Cam- 
mijioners- had- debated t^n all thtje Differences, the' 
Cammi$)>ners exfeHed that bath fltauld have joined 
their Endeavours to fnd out Eiepeditnts for resmming 
th'sff Differences, andfo come to a J^ttdy Agreemtnt : 
Sat the Committee of bath Houfes declared they had- 
go Power to eanfent to the Alteration of the Itafl Cir-'' 
Ciim/iaAcej ihiugh they were convinced in Riafini 
ivhereup^it the 'Commiffoners gave in a Paper, during 
the Houfes to enlarge the Power of the Committee. ■ ' 

Sime P Art 9. a of the CoMmissiokers of 

" ' ' Scotland, (fc. 

.■■■*> ' ■ ' - March 16,. 1646. ■ 

* f\ V R eaVneft Derires to have Religion fenled .j^ ^.^^^ ^^ 

* V^ in this Kingdom accordinj to the Crue- ^„,v\»tkii!xe 

* nant^ aiid to have both Kingdoms delivered from »n»*xedthertia. 

* their prefent Troubles and Preffures, and eftablifti- 
*' cd in a firm arid happy Peace, that we ourfettes 
_*, and our Army might return to our own native 

* Country with Comfort and Contentment, moved 

y us 'thefe nine Months paft often and earneftly- 1(> ' 

* prefs, TTiat the Prapoftions formerly agrccd'up- 

* on b^ the two Kingdoms might bs fentto'hLi 

* Majefty; and the Anfw~'r of the- Honourable 
i*"Houfss feven Months fince, fhcA-in^ their Rofo- 
*'l'Jtioiiiofend Propafti^ns to his Majefty for- I'uch 

'■■• X 3 . **Pme^ 


^2^ fBt Parliammtary fl i s t o it T 

^ M C>5* '-''li PWy kath n)ov^ us extrandy'to loijg ibc. 

'^J^ * Upon the i8th of February we rocciTesl fonw . 

" ' ' f of m^ Prft^itHi, which your t,ordll^ips dcitr^ 
- 'f to be (ent ^ and in Anfwer to put faper of Ac 
f lecaiid of this Infant March^ ei^preffing ou^ De- 
' fire tokqow whether thcr* w«e all the Praptfh 
f tunt dcfired to be fent, or if we v/px ,to expei^, 
f any other, it wu returned upon the 4th of M^rei^ 

* Tbxt thcfe were all, except r^ich as concern Der 

* linqDenU xp^ the City,, ffhjch were fpecdily t(> 
f be delivered i^nu) us. ..<■,.,, 

* In the Prfpififtns which we have feceiyed we 
f cannot but obferve, that, .the mofl:' maj^cfial Adt 
'* ditions, Osiiffiom, and Altofiofu, as they are 

* expiei&d in tlje Pafir^ f^hercin the iDiSerenc* 
.* ciuiliftl bc^txt thdTe and the Prsfa^nt bar 
.' merlr *pfB& "P<^t <1<^ ti«Qt:h upon die joint Iltr 
'' tereft pf iwd^ KingdotQs, ap^ tend to the loofiiif 

" ■ ~ ■ " ' *"'n«wsOT 

>* of the BoSds vu) weaj^eiung of the S^ 

* our hai^ Uoiod ; which were ftof. only- nstabUt 

* PledMsand £vid^<;es of rcfuprocal Kiodneis !oi 

* tfic Time, ^ the pifcourKgcibcnt of the com- 
1* moo Eneoiyt' but wei«,alfo poweif^l.^oans for 
5 conferving and jMrpetiutine .our common Peace 

* and brotherly Amity for all Generations to come, 
^ to thedefpairingofalfourEncmineverto prevail, 
^ by their jPlots-orAttempu.agaiQftthflfe fe acu-r 
f \y and tirmly united Kingdonu. This coujd aof 

* but be a Matter of Kejcntment ai>d unlpe^blf 
f Giief uAto usand to,cheICingdornof5ro/^i^h^ 
f we not Grounds of AlTLfrance of dje Intehtto^ 
' of both iJoufes to the contrary, ijotb rroin the in? 
^ violable League and Ctvtnanty whereji} wc bavf 
f all fworn, Ta ndtavour that tieft kingdom mtm 
f remain tenjemid m a ^fit Peace and Umen ta a^ 

* P^eritf', ^d from their Z^rt/CT-of the.l3th of 

* Mfoember^ }ti^$, tp the Pafliamcnt of 5f0filzfu^ 
f expreffing their De&rc «f a nearer Union anff 
f Conjon^on between the Kin|doins : Wecoinf 
} therefore to the particolar Coiinderatioh of tlie 

' f Prtiptfitms, 

■ «Ws 


. er E N O L A N J3I. J27 

* W« firft of sll dcOw, Tb« AePjefcce, Tille,*"^ *» ««*• «• 

* and Conchifitrn lof the PrWfitim* nay be the *** " j 

* fafnfi a* fonDcflyt or Kkthat-oenie(i}. -^Mil. 

Ma the firft Anitif we adire tbe& W<adt^ 

* ^t/>e ParlUmmt if tbtt Si^dtntt to -be id<)ed af- 
.* terthefe Worfls, CtrnttnttM if EJIetm i* Soor- 

* land, and we do agnc to the ^, u^ J^ imd 

* 4/l> PrsptfilitHs. 

* To the 5^^ iind 6'^ Prtptfi^ans^ we'defin'tb 

■ fee what the Houfes have already agreeri upoh 

* concerning ReligtcHi, tnd then-ve QuU ^vfe in 

* our AnfvMT about tbefc Prppefitiam. : ' 

< To the 7(6, Sf^ 9^, i(M, liii, «iid leuJ^ 

* Prtpa/aitns we.doagfWt tbeClaufriiatidaiuBin . 

* dw; litb Article of the itmaer Pr^tt/baaut anft 

* omitted in dieie, conWvuig Ac .cati^ong ~tllB 

* Ad* of the Convention *fEmtMuid:P»Eameac 

* cf Satl^ndg being added to the i3iib Prfpo^lini. 

* The TVfiT^ at E^nhwgb the aSch of ilaoent- 
*h*rt 164.3, wl9<^ VM <ioinpkcbMdad.iQ tfaeYor- 
' mer ^r(yMjj!(ifri agECed upon bermea the King- 
' doins, is exclKd^ ^ Chele Wordt intbia new 
< ipb Pf^fiUfiy .mi vAertwtt* thuf otv ^tUgtd 

\* ^,*fe«^(^T«»riesi for . the Kingdoms wcfc 

* notoM^^ hyanj^f Ihe former fWatartomakB 
' a fubfctjucnt 7>«Bt)r» uidtherefoce.nieddiie the 
f /aid 7>M^; of ^9 ;t8th of Nowmbrr, 16431 ta- 
■ g^erwiih the Or£nai$ct! of .the Ql^of Mtrch, 
f ,a^ tfae iJ<ii pf yJ^V, ratifying the isde, may 

■ * ^ exprejicfi in thir Pr»H't^m> for ■whidi we o^r 
<* irr the Rcafoni following : 

f X''^ Coiptniflianers of ,the PadUmeBt of 'Eng^ 
■* ifml r«cetvcd ,parUcnlar Jn/lruiHeiu^ from the 

* two HquIgs, to<reat with the Kiog^m of Scat- 
*'lBnd concerning the Maintenance of the Sms 

* Anny in Jrekmd, and ordering thereof in Xuch 

* ^Aaniaet ^ qiigbfbetl conduce to the Ecolecatiot) 

X 4 'Of 

«Q TotAabcttnllhlnticHi af theft Mf'-f'on of t lie ffcwi 6am- 
ftjCiliai M they txctpled >|iu>ft ; But cbU ii not in our Power, ih*r 


32.8 7& ParUamentaty H fS t o r r 

'"■ *^S"' *" * '^ '*'" W^, according to the Ends expreffed in 
'^'^' , *,the Cmnnant, And by their inftruHio/is Com* 
yj-^, ' municated to the Convention of Eftates of Sett- 

* land, according to the DireAion of the Houfes, 
*-.they are^expre&ly -authorized to fettle uponfonJe 
■*_ Courfe liCkh the Kingdom of Seolland to ijnaftage 

* the Wir-,by the joint Advicr of the Coisiiiitiees 

* of both Kingdoms, and to prevent the Eyiis-flrid 
'.'. MiiAivb that'elfe might fall out fer-wint^f the ' 
.•■.ftme^'ips ■ ■ •: ' 

< .i^ thefe Infiru£ii»ns, fcven Articles 

* are mutually agreed upAn iat MJSaiurgh, the 28tK 

* of rifwvpaietf-tb^^* ^ a ' Committee of feoth 
.f Kii^cbmi, after advjftne with '&it A^ents'^uul 
.■f;Dffioeli,^Dt fr»n the £:«#i' Army, ahd'l?tibus 
>f J>eb^es-an)l%Elture DeHberAtidn upon the whole 
. * Matter-benveen the Comtfikt^es of bofh' K^g- 

^ dems, as'iiacknowledged in the Preface of tKe 
-« ZrWji.-i i- " . - '■ ■' :-: ■ ' ' ■ ' _ 

-: ■• In thcftiurth Article of that'Tr/a/y two Things 

* ace agreed'on : i. iThat he -who doth or QiSl 
f-comffiandfin Chief' ovcrtne Sfrtj Army; ^jdint 

.* Confent of both Kingd^s, 'Ihiil) alfo cdtnnJand 
'* the Te& of ibe Bntr^-¥&^es'inJrflawd. 2:^or 

* the managing of that Wwi' and proftcutin^tlie 
* -Ends £xprefied in nht ■CiVMantt'tha.ftitt'fktnt 

.* be done by -joint Advice lirfth BicX^nt'mittets of . 
.* boih Kiugdonii. ■ v.- ,-.0 ' ,7^-::!^^* 
^ Tbefe Articles beingaerceduponi Wcre^frant- 
*.mitted't» .theiH'oufes of'PaHiarftent, ^nd fnl of 

* them ratified and approved- in the Fates of-bofti 

* Houfegoftho gthdf .iWdfirAand 1 Ith irf y/riV. 

* In the. Vein of the 9th of Afari-h, -ihe fiirfii 
t Article cbflcertiing the-Command in Chief, ^nid 

-.*, the managingof the War with the -joint Adiice 
..'jof both l^ingdoms, is, viriatim, ^Mifivd'tif the 
KHouCeSy. a(sd->#a» prefented-'at-yjfirw^*, to Se 
■ i confirmed by the King. ■ 

* The ComniifSoners of Scttlandhavli^ tcaelv- 
'■ed Inflruilisns from the Eiftates of PaflJameHt 

\* ■ftj'tii^ perfecting of Ulis. ,7rgJ^;, 4ijJ the two 


■^ENGLAND. 32^ 

* Houfcfl havini referredthe fime ta ttte Confiderx- An. is Car. t. 

* obn of die donjmittee of both Kingdoms, after . '*♦*• 

* a free Debate and fell Deliberation, the third am. 

* and fourth Articles ■ of the Treaty at EtHnbttrgb 

* vtew agreed -upon and perfe^ed by tiiem, aiod 
' Kported to both Houfes, who ratified- and' ap- 

* proved the fame in their fttts of the nth of 

* Concerning the Command in Chief, ihefe 
« Words wcre^reed'upon: " That-the Earl of 
" LivtHy Lord-General of the Scots Forces tn'^*- 
-•♦ latuti, -Ijelng how, by the Vttts of both Houfes, 

f* ^rccd to be- Commander in Chief over all' th'e 
•■ ♦• Fortdt, as well Britifi as Scrti, according to tHc 
-«* four* Article of the Refult of the Cottirriittee of 

■^ both 'Kingdoms, pafled both Hoiifcs; be deftred, 
-■* with ail convenient SftAdj by the Advice of the 
■*^ Ikid Cofnmitteas, td "nortiihate and appaint a 

** Comnlatider in Chle^-undef his Exceilencjr, over 
r**theTaid Forsfts, to-rtfi<fc with- them' upon the 
-•^-^Hatfe;''' " •- ■'■■■■■''^ • ■ 

V V "Concerning' thi managine of the War, jt Is 

* agretd upon in theft Words : '» That^eCom- 
*^ mittees be n(nniita|e(l"and*Bppo[nted'tiythe^int 

-'* ' Advice of both Kingdoms, >of filch I>Iutfibcrs and 
••» 'Qpalities as (hall' be by them agreed on, to be 
*• ftiH with !all Convenient Speed to refidc with-the 
•f- faM Forcei>, And bit oAablcid with full and ample 
"*« Inftrtfftions, by tb#j{Ant A^lviec of both King- 
ff^'dottts, for the regulating of the faid Fofces, and 
" dife Ijettcr carrying on <rf that War :" And bofli 
■' -thefe Articles were delivered in at the Treaty at 

* ^xbridget and defired to be confirmed. ' 
- * That, according to thofe Articles, C(»mnittee3 

* are now in Irtiand from both Kingdoms, ibi 
' managing of the War. 

•That thefe Articles of the 28ch 6f dfavetnhJi; 

* 1643, are likewife ratified 4n the Parliament of 
* • Sctllatid, and regiftered iAnTreaty. 

* That t^e Houfce of Parliament, iaihtitVeiet 

* of the 9th of Marchi do, in Approbtttioh of the 
*> fixth Article, acknowledge it-to oca Tr/W;*." ' 

. ■ 2 ' That 

. r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

"' T.V/"' '* * ^""^ **■ ^""^ o*"^ «* «f >W»**. % ^>*- 

, .. J^' .. ^ * »t£tion of the Houfeii, jtrwc deliverwl uoM « a* 
. Apifl. * their Confent to d>e ArtKlfls of tbc faid 7r«ff*j of 

* the oSth of ^twmb^i a^d the Houtet. in tJicir 
-* Xetur^ «he R5th of ^<?|', did acquaint titeFmi«> 

* liament of Scatlanti, that tiicy hui rattiisd vid 

* co>niirnu|d ^ fcivi^ Tre^timiiiv and ngrecd 

* between their Commi doners and the ConveiUton 
, • of EftawsinStViiw/; Ajidtbatit ww^tbcIrDe- 

* $re.thc hmc might bie done I7 the Paj-lttmear of 
' *..fctf£wi/, which tbevdid aceordioKJly. . 

* Th^tthefe Afftciea.-irerFagreadupoebetilreca 

* ^tbe Kvigdepu; whep 1^ P)iriiaiiinu*i Annria 

* J^M^tr iKvol^ fcoen then, %aA vA^ the Sem 

* Army in Vl^ bad fent Agentt to tlte <C«nVei»> 

* ti«n of Eflatetof £4i«Citw/«o declai*,. Tltt^ bf 
' ■ i^f^ of' tbfV' 'CKUKow .Wanti /uul .^u^ringa, 

* ^Ca&enfd by Ulc Wuil of dieir Pay afid iiea»- 

* ,£i(y'M^neenaace, duebjthePftriiamemof £«^ 
~ * ^latd, d^ weie K(b}vfd to leave thv Kingdom)- 

* wbcrebyitwouldhavebeenwhoityloftto^Par- 
.« liuBCor of Eti^tmdt if tbe KingMn of SeaUmd 

* iai irat:M)Hrpofed, aad, by tewtw -pent &wm 

* fif Moo^ vpon thfi: Km^dttB ofi^cMtAm^ and 

*^ (4ie;,.«|idiwt^U^9«er£3rt)lr#re(<»t.Sttbfift- 
,«■ mce «f'th6.$atft.Army*mttU ^Kftrltunon^ 

* .^it^Zsfftf fliould beible M (^-them Au^cr,Sup- 

* pliesi which Mb HouSa da adowwlotlgp « 
< i^fyMLetUr of., the igihcf Mof :to^;P»- 
'* lianKiJt ofSifillandt imd do cqtum tbeir hnarty 

* Thiinks to the. KingdpdD .of Si^tUmdt f<ir dMir 

* Garcof.thM Armyj.and tlw^cat Chatge tjwy 

* ^ave-been at for thvir .Relief .v^ith Pfovi&lilS'Uu 
/ Wtofiey 6w thnr neoeflkryStilbfiftcnc?. 

* Thofe Articles bcit;g tteatAl upon by Coot- 
, f >n)itu«5 Qf b^h ICin^aei!>,.both in "ScttiaHd'anA 
. * j^flffiW^. bdng ratified l^' the Parliameftti of 

* both Kingdoatij and. by .iKth ackpowledged to 
- * V.> ^fffy* *»ereo»{d with the ^nftfitiont of 
-. ' ;/|A(<f«'fwd dsbated ,at Vitbri^ty and having as 

* mu«h}.'K.;n«tBK>[fi«f^FwiDi(lii)«i0f aTVy'MiP 
;.. . - ! (hW 

r..„ ,Gt)tH^lc 

tf ETC,GX AND, jji. 

" ttftn die fiHl Trratj conecrtfiiig th«. fending oF.Ab. u c«^. T* ' 
'■ the 5m// Am^ into Initm^y wp d«&;e Am this , '*<*■ . 
"* Trflrtjt may be iiifcrtaj with tWe oth«r 7rtatm in . ^^ 
**' th^ Pj-^p^ioTt Jt fa^og ttkoA reafottable that. 
'^^^k'WmQf on^^.and'Condttioaf agreed od^ for 

* theCArtlinuance o£ that ftuved Army in Irtiandy, 
- ibould bcof as great Force, and as wctlpb^rved*, 

as the Trtalj made for dM fending them over inta 

, • As to the former Part of the 14/i Prtpefoua^ 

* «i« dHiN it ma^ ftind u^ formerly^ for the Rea- « 
' fcms above explrefled: Adit is tb the latter Part 

■ ti«H> kddad, wc deftre that all the Arti^cs con-> 

* ieentbig thefettlingof Seligion inthis kin^om, 
^tttll^ Ik txteiidbd'to .Ir^nd^ accprduig to the 

* l^e i^th Prfptjawtf concerntag Delinquents, 

* w« have Hot received. . ' 
' ' * To the ibth and i-jth ^rtf^ioitf vn (k> agree. . 

.' tftthe iith Prif^iih^ ■wtfindli>tanpErmt)i(* 

* Iwtticea from that -mbith. *vi f^rnierl^ aaiad 

* OpdA Ci^ncemang the Militim tf aay be. Matter 
"-' <»f long Dfebate what may heniwft qoipducible t» 
« tliit Securi^ of bi»b KingdoftiSs. ^d fb retard 
^-ttieifiUidingof thbJ'irs^^/ftut 4nd jofefhc prer 

* T«^ C^t>oituaify of otettAiflg his Majefty's Conr ' 
'""ftii't hCTote he be engi^ed infooK other Defu^n, 
"* '#hi<:h ii&y be :a Amh to himfclf, utd a Matter <£ 
'^ttew Tiaubie t6.thde:Kingdoim. 

* We ddire it may be:ni6lUsrf|it .thatthe foTr 
' iW(^ 'Pt'^i/StiaOf faomiding-ta the iWfft of both 
' tOMgdOKt, did fettle 1. Fowef in CommiMonei* 
^-V-:fmth Kio^onn foi refiihng all foreign W 
'*'V^h», 'and fbr fu{^reffing of aU Forces Tailed 
'-* wt^ia either t^theiud K^igdoms, to the DiC- 
.' tarttt»c« of thbir Pc«ei 'hy which theiewat no 
f Ilftce left eilhcr.tai. axbitnry Power, ;or to tuf 
f 'Mtftake Of Jcatoilfy :t'Hit could be raffed or fa- 
f mbvnd hetwten ^KinsdoOis ; or to any Pro- 
^ jei& bf Incendiaritet to divide the King fidm any 
^ of bis KingdosBSf'oir oneKiogdoiri fro«i another. 
f AAd ih '^e :ooitn£)n Vby that which, at^the 

•' ■ ■* framing 

r..„ .,Gt)t)J-^lc 

33 2' ^-fif Parliarttentary H t s t ot R Y 

h 31 Cu. t-' < framing of thcfe fropejiiionif was cfieeineii-«8 a' 
■ ''^' , ' great Service and a fintt Foundation of Unity and 
j^Jj^ ' mutual CfMfidencebetwixtthe Kingdoms, ihouid 

* now be altered, the Rcafbns for pre venting tbefp- 

* of being as ftrong as cVor; .And this new'/'rij^-- 
' Jttion contains nothing, that may prevent thme (o 
*" great and ohvious Inconveniences ; but fiicifm (2- 

■ * ther to ar^\!e a Diffidence and Jealoul^,; %o the 

* weakening of that mutual Confidence wbicb was 

* laid by the former Prepefitions. .-,i . 

* Furfher, this new Propojkion doth not proKide 
' how- the' Militia fliall' be ordered xnd dUpo(Q4'lin 

* the Intervals of Parliament^ although, in an<t^fcr 

* Cafe, 1^ the ■taJI Pripafiturtf concerning.. tjis 

* Nomination of the DejiutyrorChicf Govefnonof 

* Ireland^ tht Chancellor or Lord-Keeper, I^Old* 

* Trea(\trerV ind dther .Officers and Miniflpf* of 

* England and Ireland, it is provided that, in tht 

* Intervals erParlianiieril, thcy.iball be nominated 

* by * G«inmittee of Parliament. And if jt-bc 

* intended that, in like Mannerj tbcMilit.i>t)>P>^r*- 

* dered, in the Intervals of.Partisment,-by aiQom> 

* mittee^oF Partialhent, thcBe la, no Ot^e|tio|i ;saii 

* be hidde againft the fbrnier Propt/ktsoi -for fe^ 

* tling tK Militia, m Cbmftiiffioner^ which yfiU 
*-npt Jic'*(. ftfll againft^irftling thereof UfaCom*- 

, ■ niittcFj-ft?,^ tnc fonaefPrafsfiiipiUt the Cpm- 

* rniffidncfs-Twere alteraUc ifrom ;Time to Time bjr 

* the Houfes, and toreceiM^indobfeive U^eir.Jipi- 
V rcftibris aiid Inltrufiionr.' .■.. ,. "j/ • 

* We corlMi»eWoi ■as;the f^onour^C'Hqwfc*, 

* upon COnfiJeration of tbeiinanifold .Tro4b}fj^nd 
;* Diftia'aibn^;:of . thefe: Timtt; .'hav& yfifplyi.vtd 

* nfccffarilj* i^efolved, f(» fbe^ Safety luid Security 

* 6F thefe Kingdoms, td lo fettle tht Hilitia, as 
" the-K-ing,' although he:j«nrti viiUingv b«{iiaC3^I>a 
f by ilivolwng'theni ag^afi iaos -A bloody :Wtf4 to 

"♦■make tbcm ■ wice-Biiferajilttjj ■whexei[j..\¥p_a»c 
■♦'rtfadyTiKift heartily to-conciir r Si> -db ^v^^nk 
'.* it'is nbt'tiwii- Intention to diveft the Kjng'^po- 
■' flerity. JHid' Crown, i^or.aEiTiiBe cooiing,; ((Cidt 

* Power, Rj'htj ^iiid 3titneft:io ihc MiOfm af 

' Militia, 

r..„ ,:^,Goi:)^le 

tf ENdL AND. • 333 

■ * Militia, To as although tbev be never fo wUImgA"* >* Cv- U 
• * to follow the Advice of their Parliaments, yet ^ , '***• > . 

* they fhall for ever be incapable^ and in no Time Ku^ 

* coming be admitted, to join with their Parlia- , 

* menti, for reHfting their Enemiei and protc<3ing 

* their Snbjefls ; the Apprchenfion n^ercof may 

* prolong the King's Anfwtry and hinder his Con- 

* lent, and, as may eaiily be colIe^M from the 

* DetKites at VfAriigt^ may be interpreted to be a 

* Fundamental Alteration of the Government, coa- 

* trary to the Rtfuhdum and Deelaratiom of both 

* Kingdoms, and not fo agreeable to the Ctvenanii 

* may be made Ufe of by our Adverfaries for fuch 

* an Occafion of quarrelling as they never had be- 

* fore ; may be made a Mean to bring the com- 

* tnon Caufe and our Carriage into Contempt, and 

* ufed by our Enemies a& a Alotive for provolcipg 

* foreign Princes and States to engage in a War 
' againd us : Both Parts were provided for in the 

* former Prt^kien j upon the one Part, the ^- 
' ercife and Execution of the Militia was not to 

* be in the Power of the King ; yet, upon the 

* other Part, were the Commiifioners, in who(« 

* Hands it was to be truAed, to have their Com- , 

* milGon from the King and Parliament; and it 

* was ' condefcended upon At -Uxhriilge, that the 

* Time {hould be limited to feven Years, and, 
' * after Expiration of that Term, to be fettled and 

* exercifed in fuch Manner as his Majefly and fhei 

* Parliaments of both Kingdoms refpeaively Iho^ild 
•'think fit ; hut, by this new propq/kisn the whole' 

* Power is to be feuled in the two Houfes of P^r- 

* liameilt, and the Crown altogether excluded from 

* all Intcreft in the Militia for ever ; which there- 

* fore requireth a new Conftderatian. 

* There is another Thing lyhich we p^fefs dpth 

* very much alFe£t us. That whereas, in the iarge 
' TrtatyoS Ptacty a Coramiflion for the Prcferya- 
' tion of die Ptate then fettled between the Kiqg- 

* doms. Was judged moft neceflary, and was mu- 
' taally agreed' upon j and accordingly, in puipfu- 
.* ance thereof, ComRiiQIoDCfs were appointed^by 

, '• the 


!• * tiie Parll^<ait of Scttianii, towbom ^ iUppfe^ 
' of Parlj:^ncnt, up«i fevcreL Occafioni, nadc 
' ttffirAiltlr^cs to good: Piirpofe. Aod .vfbffecas^ 

* in the fynaa Pri^/}tiuu\ fevcEal Ar^ck» .vee 

* fet dow;i, wi^ mutual Cpnieiit« , for. ^onlMving 

* the Peace firmly siid . invi^bly for kit Tunelo 

* come ;. ypt^.inthis new iVif^^alimiaklKKigbthe 

* Panger be notefs, ^nd the Nece^ty.iio,l«l^ur- 

* gent, there is. not fo mucb u Mention. Ktiwlje of 

* anyMesn tpbeii&d, OdrCburrclalccn,foC:¥pqfer' 

* ving^the-Prnw be tween -ibe-]Gcigd(iR)»T AaA be- 

* .twixt the.King and skherof thnn» .hat^L4>lf- 
* , fed In Silence : All whidi jwceiCuy' Cootiden-^ 

* tions we o^r to the Wifdocp of tfae<HqiM>v^ble 

* Houfes, tli3t they may continue in their; B«lblu- 
< tion to fend the former J'r*^^«*J as thpy.verr 

- * propofed at UxbrtJge, ■ which Jtiil be free .^Pe- 

* bate, are more likely to be obtuiwd of fheKingV 

* .Mqefty, iuid will urve. more :. for fhi> Fiisce.uul 

* ,goodCdrTefpqndenceofthe£ingdonv> clpi;«;ial- 
'* ^thatthe,Conrcryationof.fcace» forthAi^tttiV 

* jnay be provided for. 

* T.0 the jgthaiidiQtb Pr^fit'unt m.da.iigree. 
■ To the %ifi Prtp«fili»n we do agree with, titia 

■ Addition, V ThC'lilccfojr the Kingdom .of ^Snrt- 
, *' /on^j concerning liic'MfHniaatibn of the I,H}id»<^ 
*' ^Privy-CouiKil. Lords of. Scffioa mid £xcfae- 
", quer, Q^pers of State and Jufiice-Gen^nil, in 
** (uch Manner u the Eibotia^HianfQtihaU 
•.think fit." 
. * The Prepe^M cmoeriung , the £4iffiKiMV 

* Muriage, and choofing cf the Tutors-, And.Go- 

* vemors of the King's Chfldren* by Confont of 

* both KingdconSf is omitted ia thefo ww iV»' 
*. ptfiimt. 

* The Pruptjition concemiog the making of 
' * Peace or War, with fordgn Prinoes. and States^ 

* with Advice and Conlnit of both Kti^dOfB** >•' 

* alfo qmitted in thefo Pr^Jitims. 

* The Prapofitim concexoing the DUbaodia^ 
. *. the Annin^ by Confeot cf l^ith Eiagdotasi it- 

*:likei^fe oouttedi 

5 'The 


if EH © t A N !>. .335 

- ' TbePn^v^&nDTforpaSnsn iAifiofOMinbii A>. »« c*r. h: 

■*■ lA dK Parliammt of both Kjngdoms, uomittsd, ^ .''*'• ^ 

* We iolme (hit tftc Pnf^km canowning the -AiwiL" 
*- Qityai LmiiUk, as alfbitiiB .Pn^ff/Sd'tru concmi- 

* Hig'DelBiqMents, mm be fp««dll^ MiveKd unto 

■ i» that tfa^ imf be Afpucbcd- widt the reft. 

^ UponthowlmieMtKe^ if ilKHoulk»«f Pkr- 

■ UBmenC fhall diink fits for die pnfalt, t» fend 

* tmty the tfacev PnfoStiam^ ooBceniiiig it«iig|Mff, 
'* the JI^Ma, aiut J^aland^ as thoT wen pr(qx)fed 

* at Vnhridgt, we d« agtce : But ff thnr (Mi^ fit 

' * dwt imre Prtpafi6aK ke fenc at this Jpime, we * 

* to dc&etiiat all xht Pnfgfititn* wluch concern 

* the joint Intcraft of both Eingdotntj and ere 

* omieted in the new Prtf^/Simny m» be fimt Itke- 

* wife; aitkoitth we ace of die Judniutit that 

* evety Partictun- and Giicuinftanae of the A-a- 

* ft^um is not of fo great In^wrlBnco to theft 

* Kingdoms, at AatPuta and iKtr {bould depend 

■ HaviiK dtus fre^Ev >>) fud'broilKrIy Mtamct 
' a« dw huttcr of Psmq dotb ra^iiv, expnJIed 

* our Scnfe of die Prtpefitima ddirend unto us j 

* if there be any Miftake on out Part, or if there be 
*■ any Pbint wlKretn die Honmirable Uoufes are not 

* fansfied, we are moft willing and ready to give 

* and receive all broduriylSadsCiAion, by Confe- 

* reitoe or othcrwiie, in fudt Manner as flbJl be 

* judged 019ft bdtovcful and expeditioua, and td 

* give Teftimony of our true and eameft Sefird 

* and Readiads to concur widi the' Honourable 

* HooTes, 'in all fucb Tbinpas, npon a ifocndl; 

* Debate, Ihall be found ccaductblBfetprocuring, 
' fetduig, and ptopagattng fiidi a i'Awr, is w^ 

* oU 'de£« for our Commoa Happineft.* 

< T T it not yet utdcnown to the HonownbU 

* X Houles of Parliament, how lone a TiMTWi 

* have waited here in Patience and Silence for dii 
^ fettlli^ of Church-GovdnaKnt aawrding tfrth^ 


336 Tie ParHjmaa^ ills TO It Y 

Covenant, uid we ourlelves know (for vhlch we 
have many WitneOcs at home in the Church of 
Scotland) how zealous we have been oF the Ho- 
nour of the Parliament tn this Matter ; what 
bath been our Care and Induftiy to pcrfuade and 
afTure, that although Hope deferred might make 
the Hearts of many to faint, yet when uie Delire 
ibouldcome, it would be a -Tree of Life: And 
thatwe were nottojudgec^the Model of Church ' 
Government in the Church of Engltmd, and of 
Uniformity with the Church of Scattand, by fome 
previous and particular Ordimnuti of Parliament, 
which were but Parts of the Building; but were 
to expe<5t the laft Ordinancty which would fup- 
ply the Defers of the former, and, by rearing up 
the whole Houfe in Proportion and Beauty, 
would, in the £nd, give, to every judicious Eye 
and zealous Heart, a full SatisfaiSion. We do 
alfo, with Thankfulnels, acknowledge and re- 
member the Zeal of the Honourable Houfcs, in 
removing the Book of Common-Prayer, in abo- 
liflting £pifoopa] Government, and in other Parts 
of Reformatbn, and that, in theTimc of their 
greatefl Troubles and Dangers, which maketh 
their Work the more acceptable to God and all 
good Men ; yet are we at this Time ncceffitated 
by our Cavtnam^ our common Intereft, and pub- 
lic Truft, to make RemonArance of two Things 
moft material and of greateft Confcquence : 
One 19, that through the long Delay of the fet- 
tling of true Government of the Church, HercHes 
and SeAi are ib multiplied, and Schifm hath' r» 
much prevailed, diat if there be not in Time a 
powerful Ronedy provided, thiq Church, after fo 
many Mi&rics of a bloody and long hfling Warj 
will oe in worfe Cafe than the former was, from 
which it >ff2s taken for a great Happincfs to be 
delivered i and. the Church of SenUmd^ Htxi 
.fhftur.ioany Sufierings in' this Kingdom 4nc^ af 
boiuc*: in.gtffaieii Danger ihan it was infrfim A^ 
;Prcl^«s here,: whole Ufutpation was-Ch? Begin- 
lUflg of idl our Calamities and vexation. 



»/ E#GL'ArJ6. ■ iff 

'*'The HonouraWrf'Houfe* may be pleafcij to.AD.' s« Cir, t* 

* caHtomind, that, iii the Liirie treaty, of tBe. - !^^ - ■ " 
""Date, March lO, 164!^ the Comtniffioners of j^^ 

* Scet/andf from the Senfe of the Troubles of that 

* Church, arijing from the Prelates of the Church. 

* ai EnglaHdy did,'bymanyAi^irierits,prefs Unity. 
' in Religion, and Uniformity (rf Church-Goverp- 
' ment in the three Kingdoms, unto which, f»o!;t», 
•■ the King and Parliament jointly, a comfortatik, 
*, and hopeful Anfaier was returned for obtaining 
'their Defire. Thereafter, in the Year 1642, thc^ 
"General AfleraUy of the Church of Scotland, . 

* Seconded and alulted by die Lords of Secret. 
' Couilcil, did, upon the fame Grounds, renew, 
' the fame Defire ; iind received from the Parlia-. 

* ment of England, not only a Profeffion of their 
" great Contentment in the Motion propofedi with 

* many Thanks, but alfo a large Approbation of, 
'' the Motives upon which it was ui^cd ; which,, 
' were, Tht mart jlrtii Union of boih Kingdoms i,. 
' tneri fafi, eafy, and cemfartable Government of his 

* Majtfty^ and, both to hin^tlf and People, vart. 

* free Communion in all holy Eieercifes and Duties of, 

* IVorJhif J more conjlant Security of Religion againft, 
' the bloady Pralfices of Papifts and deceitful Errors. 
* , of other Se£iaries ; more profitable Vfe of the &B~. 

* niftry, in drawing ihim from unpleafant and tin-, 

* profitable Coniroverfits, to the prejfing of Morlifi- 

* cation, and' to Trtatifes of true Piety and praitical 
'Divinity; the making of Way to the Relief and. 

* Deliverance of the poor affiiBed Churches abroad^ 

* &c. All which arc exprelTed in their Declara-, 

* tion and Refolution, in Anfwer to the Declaration. 

* of the General AlTcmbly, together whh a fad 

* Complaint, That the miferable Eftata of this, 
' 'Church and Kingdom was not able to endmro 

' any longer Delay j and a Defire, That foma 
' godly and learned Divines might be fcnt from the 

* Church of Scotland, whereby the fo-much-defir-j 

* ed Unity and Uniformity might be obtained, 

* In the End, themutual and joint Defires of both 

* Kingdoms were concluded, and crowned with a 
Vol. XIV. Y Salmn, 

L._. ,Gt)t)gle 

J3$ The parUa^ieraaryHiiTOTfir 

la. ii Otf. I. ' Selettm Ltapu and Covetumt^ now tranflatU ioto 

I '^*^ '. * other Tongues, and knpwn throughout all Chrif-. , 

^"TtBMt. — * '*^^?'?' 5 which was taken, as for other gop^ 

* %aAsy fo for endeavouririg'the neareft Conjunc- 

* tioni 'and Uniformity in Religion andCburct)- ,- 

* Government, and the Extirpation of Herefy and 

* Schifm. 

* All which conftdered, ^ve inay l>e bold X19 ^j% 

* withbut Preface 6x Apology, (which' about toe 
' like PurpofetKeHoufes of Parliamen^inthjt their 

* Declaratiim, judzed unnecdTary) TfKtt it would 

* be the Sin and Shame of the Cjiurch of England^ 
■and the Sorrow of all the Ijteforioed Churches, 

* particularly of the Church of Scalland, if, after lb 

* many 'Preparations, and fo Solemn League and 
^ CifOehant is entered intOL for' endeavouring thq 

* nedrdl Conjuniftion and Uniformity in Religion 

* and Church- Government, and the Extirpation 

* of Herefy and Schi&i ; not only all Sorts of 
*' Blafphinues, Herefies, and Se£ts which are now; 
*- multiplied, and Liberty of Confctence wliich i^ 
'* pleaded for, fliould have Place; but Unity ami 
f Unifbnni^inRcligion,whichislbmuchpreache(l 

* and written againft, fhould be Aighted,and tbe C9- 

* venara itfelf wrefted and perverted to fpcak 'da^ 

* which* it never intended, and which did not en- 
' tcr into any Man's Mind in the Beginning, fuch 

* a' Violence as the Holy Scripture itftlf hath fuf-- 

* fered from pervarie and heretical Spirits j an4 

* this Churchj after fo lung a Time, further fron^ 

* UnifOrtnity amongft themfelvcs and with other 

* Reformed ChurchOj than they were at firft 

* when it was judged fo necelTary. Againllthefe 

* fo dangerous and deftru£tive Evils, We earneilly 

* delir^ Uie flonourablc Houfes to provide efFe^un 
/ * Remedy; and we pray God fo to blcls thei^ 

* Endeavours, that the Ruin of Religion in bod) 

* Kingdoms, with the horrid Confcquences there-^ 

* of, which is the 'Work of Satan and his Inftru- 
♦.ments, contrary to the Work of God and his 

* Servants, may, while there is yet Hope, be wifc- 

* ly and fpeediiy prevented. 

■ Th* 


* The other inJtitcrM ^diirt which 1** fldireXit. i* Cw Ij 

* to offer, is cbilccrtriiTgth'c late Oi'dimkce ti '^u- . ■ *^^' -y 

* liaBfrtnt, March 14, 1645, Wifll thfc DiVcffiorta^ Awit ' 

* A^ 19, 164.5 L w*"ch, ih Dlfcharge of their 
*JE)ttty to Go<J, in Purfuaitcc of thi CMiridnt^ ^4 
•■^fti Thankfulttefs to God for hJs Mercies, thiy 

* havcj after liJng C6nfultationi refolved upon; 

* And Wherein thc^e Ije divers Evidfcn'ces of th^ 

* Krty and WiOom of the Mohourable Houfes j 

* for Which not onlV'the Church of England, but 

* the Church ot Sa/imi, and all the Refonnfe4 

* Churches, have Cauft to blfeft the Lord } yet i( 

* being acknbw^edgfcd, that there maybe Need of 

* Snppteihents and Addidohs, and Haply alfo <^ 

* Alferationi in Ibmfi Thing* ; And It being fup- 

* pofed that the Advice of the AJTembly of Divines^ 

* *herein we hart beSH affiftahtj is had' therelinlo 1 

* and we being IrttHrited by the Ghutth of Scoiiandf 

* in Matters that tonctrh thiim (b nearly upoii 

* theit comnton Ihtcieft, *c haVt taken the Free-_ 

* ddm to prefeht our Thoughts concerriiilg fome 

* Particulan contained ift the Orihumte. 

* Firji, Conteniing the Subordlnaiidh of th^ 

* Affemblies of the Church' to lh« Patttahitnt ] 

* we make no QiieAJon but the Paiiiainent is fo-t 
-* perior to all thtf AiTemblies of the Church 'lii 

* Place, Dignity, Honour, and earthly Powef i 

* that CivH Powers are the ViOTgerenti df God 
' on Earth ; and that Miniften are only Servanti 

* and Ambailadors \ and that the Magiftrate 19 

* Cujicf tOriufqut Tatuh, and tftoy, by his Au^ 

* diority, compd the Minifters and Affemblies o( 
*■ the Cbiircb to perform the Duties which Chrilt 
' retjulres of them j IHn as the Miniftcrs are bouhd 

* to render a R^afbo afid Account of their Proceed- 
' ings to die Civil Powers with all HumiHty and 

* Reverence. We do only dcfire. That withou^ 

* Dhninuuon of, or Derogation unto, the right 
-* and juft Power of the Parliameiit 61 Civil Ma' 

* gifeate, the Expreffion of Suliorihi4tibii niayW 

* altered ; becaufe it may fuppofii (contrary to 

* the Meamng 0/ the Parliamem) that thi Kefi^ 

y a . •t»^ 


340 ^ ParVamentary History 

B. "Cw. I. * tion of. one Church-Aflembly to another, and of 
* the Aliemblies to the Parliament, and of Ap- 

'Apiii. ' * P^^ °f °^^ ^^ another, are of the fame Kind and 

* in the fame Line, as if the Civil Power were not 

* only about Matters of the Church and Religion) 

* but were formally Ecclefiaflical, and to be exer- 

* cifed Ecclefiaftically ; becauf;: fomc may inter-* 

* pret it to be fuch an Headlhip and Supremacy 
' in the Church, as fome Times was in the Pope, 

* and hath been retained in Subftance in this 

* Kingdom, as the Fountain of the High Com-* 

* miflion, and Foundation of .other Corruptions^ 

* contrary to the Judgment of all fuch as havo 

* fought ^ter. further Xeformation; and becau£; it 

* is againll the Oo^ne and ProfeiEon of the Rc- 

* formed Churches, which, next unto the Word 

* of God,, which is the Rule, are propofcd m the 

* Covenant as the Example of Reformation. 

^ Stcandly, ^We deCre the Provincial Commif- 

* fiODers for judging of Scandals may be taken iota 
' further CouCderation, there being no Warran^ 

' , • nor Pretence for fuch a Mixture in Church-Go- 
■ vernment from Jefus Chrift, who hathappointed 
' bis own Spiritual Ofiicers, to whom he hath 

* committedthe Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven > 

* and to whom the Reformed Churches conceive 

* the judging of Olienccs,, and the Qpalification of 

* Communicants, doth as {iroperly and incom— 

* municably belong, as the publick' Preaching of the 

* Word and Adtniniftration of the Sacraments. 
f Nor can, if befuppofcd, that fqme few Civil Men, 
' having ifo Calling from God, can be more able 
' to Jvd^e.of Matters of this Nature, than the 

* Auontilies qf tjie Church, feparated for the Work 
\ of the Gofpe], of lyhich this is no fmall Part. 

* TheiameChurches,,and particularly the Church 

* of Scotlaniy which all this Time have been in 

* Expeflatiop .of . great Pujrity and Pcrfediion jdE 

* Reformation in the Chureh of Mngland^ may. 

* have their own Jealoufies'and Fears, that, in the. 
*, Nature of the Thing, this may be the laying 'of 

* a new Foundation of an High Commifllon or 
'. . ■; *Epifco- 


V" E N G L A N D. 341 

* SfxTcapacy, upon which the Supwftnifturc ifteh-A"- a»Car. I. 

* wAziy although contrary to the prefent public In- . ""'*^ ' 

* tentions, may be eafy ; and for a new Partition- ^p^ 

* W^ll to divide betwixt them and the Church of 

* England, and to make a prefent Schifm and Sepa- 

* ration for renting the Bowels of ±is Church. - 

* Thjriilji, Concerning the Meeting of the Na- 

* tional Alienibtyi we acknowledge that the Su- 

* preine Magiilrace, who is Guardian of both T^ 

* ^ks, and a Nurfe-Father of the Church, may 
"* call a National Aflembly .when, in his Wifdom, 

* he fliall judge it neeeffiiry ; and the Church is, 

* with all Refpeft and Humility, to obey bis Call 
■ for the Gooi of Religion, or the Peace of the 

* Kingdoms, when hy Religion diflurbed ; but it 

* is witball to be acknowledged, that this Powea* 

* of the M^gifirate b accumulative or polttive, but 

* is not a privative m'deftrudive Power: Wethcre- 

* fore move. That the Liberty whkh the Church 

* hath from Chrift be not reftrained in Cafes of 
' fuch extraordiDary Nci:<^ty, as Religion in all 

* Places bath been, and SMy be, fufaje^.unto, the 

* S^f^y of the .Church being here the fupreme 
'"Law i and the Honotu:ablc Houfes of Parliament, 

* haying their Liberties enlarged, will be willing to 

* enlarge the Liberties of Chrill and his- Servants. 

* >^nd we defiie, th^ as they have, in their Wif- 

* doiji, appointed certain Times for. the Meeting 

* of (he inferior Aflemblies of the Church, they 
' may alfo be pleafed to appoint fixed Times for 

* the Meeting of the National Affcmbly ; olher- 

* wife what &all become of th^ Male-Adminiftra- 

* tion of Provincial Synods, and of Appeals from 

* them to the NationsJ Aflembly i May not'Pro- 

* vin^ial Synods, within a fhorcTimc, run into coa- 

* trary Opinions and Pr^tSices, and prefume upon 

* a Provincial Independency to hold them without 

* controulf TheCfariftian Churches, in all Ages, 
' have ufed this as an ordinary and qeceQary Ms<M 

* ftjr the uniform fettling and preferring of Religion 
'aodPiety; for cenfuring and purging out of He- 

, Y 3 * refisi 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^le 

The Parli4mentaty, Hi s t o ^ y 

I. * refies and Errors ; and removing of Scaojalf. 
' Schifm, Tyranny, Prophanenefs, and fjich Evilf ' 
' as, by divine Ifrovidencc and Predi£Hon, muft 

* be, and would bring certain Deftniflion aiid Dc;-^ 

* Ibktionupofi Churches, if, by this powerfu] Re-. 

* ■ OipAy, they were not cured <)r prevented. 

' There be divers oriicr Particulars in the Dl- 

* re&ioni and Ordinances, of Parljaipcnt; as the 

* giving of the Sacrament to fomc Perfbns againft 
fvii Confcicnce of the Miniflry and Elder&ip, 
< concerning jublic Repentance, and foch like; 

* which, by Conference or otherwife, as fhaJi feeni 

* good to tne Wlfdom of the Honourable Houles^ 
f we would willingly and humbly offer to bc'exa- 

* mined, and, with {JAalt Alteration, may give 
f great Satisfa^on; bdng confidaic, that our 

* Liberty, in what we haveexpreirod, will be t?kea 

* in good Palt^ fith it is done by us in Purfuancc 
f of the Endl of the Ctvenant ; wherein, as th^ 

* Parliament and Church o^ England are bound ti) 

* endeavour tiie Prefervation of the Govemnjent 

* and Difcipline of the Church of Scathnd^ (o ace 
f W bound to endeavour the Reformation of the; 
'' Difcipline and Government in the Church i^ 

* England ixiA b-tland, according to ttfe Word ot 
f QoA, and the Example of the beft Refenoej 

* Churches ; and fith we have fiot for the p):efent» 

* and we hope fliaU never ^Ve for the fuCare,| 

* iritttfoever our Adverfity or Profperjty may. b^ 

* any other Intentions or Defires, dMii we had and 

* propofed in the Beginning, when wc (o Iblepin? 
f ly entered into Coventatf' ' 

Jfyriltny 1646. 
f "T* H B Honourable lloufes having, after nine 
^ X. McHiths Deliberation, framed, and, upon 

* the laft of Februarj, deliviered unto us, fomc ,»f 

* the Prepofltiiins oi Peaccy up^the i6tb ^ MarA 
t we returned our Anjwtr j in (he Clofo whereof 
^ we exprefled our earneft I^flr^s and R^dinefi. 
f to give and receive all brotherly Sattsfa^on con- 

2 * ccjrninj 


e/'ENOLAND. 343'. , 

' cerning any PifFcrcnces, uid to congur' with the *■• *' *^' h 

* Houfes in all ("uch Things a«, upon a fricndljr . ' _ ' ~^' 

< Debate, Atould be found conducible for prociir- Apnl, 

* ing and fettling a bappfP'^^* Upon Coolideia-' 

* tion whereof, the Houfes apptnnted a Committed 

■ tomcetwithusuponthcz^ttioTA^fA; butwheil 

* we cxpc^ed that, upon Debate, their Lordlhipi 

* {hould have concurred wich ui in finding out £x- 

' < pedients for removing of ;i!l DifFerences, and re^- 
-* porting of the Refblt to both Houfas, that w« 
■' might oome to a fpe»ty Agreement^ th^ dedar- 

* ed unto us, That they had only Power to argu^ 
'< with us^ and ^cre fo Rn&ly bound up by die 

* Fetes of the Houfei puif^ally to adhere to every' 

■ Prepajkion, that they had no Power to couiider 
*.of the ^teratioi^ of .the le^ Circumfiance, 

< though only ad prepa^tqiy and in order to thd 
« Airther-Confidcradon of thcHoufes. When Wef 

* have ferioullythoughtupon this WayofProcecd- 
' *.ing^ (the Pre^^nM being the Demands of both 

* Kingdoms,, to be fent inthe Name of both, at* 

* thebefl Means for fettlins a well-grounded PriWt' 

* and, in regard of the jomt Intercft which both 

* Nations have in the Matter and End of thepj^f-' 

* ptjkitntf and according to the Treaty made bfr- 
« tween the Kingdoins botbuu^tto have their 

< Judgment and. Advice in agreeing unto, and 

* framing of, the Prajfifit'iBtu) we cannot but in- 

* iifl upon our formtt Defire^ That the Honoura- 
« ble Houfes may be pleafed to authotizc their 

* Committee to confer with us about the bcft Way 

* and Means for removing of our Differences, to 

* propole Expedients, and hear what fhall be of- 
> *'feredbyus, and report the Refults to the Houfes, 

* thalf fo wc may come to a fpeedy Agreement } 

< which (if we mall meet with the like loclina- 

* tionsas welball bring with us, being, refolved, a« 
"» in other Things, fo efpecially in tiie Matter of 

* the Afiiitia for the full Security of this Kingdom 

■ as of our ovrn, to give all pollible Satisfa^on, 
<> fo far as may coniffl with oaxCavenaitl and pub» 

Y4 Mi* 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)glc 

344 ^ Parliametitafy H i s t q ?i y 

**■ ** ^' *' ' ''^ Peclaralians) we hope m^y be, by God'^. 

•■- -'^ ' . f Affilbnce, in a ver^ fliort Time efftauatcd, 

V, AwiL. ; * Whereas, othcrwife, if wc fiiall fpcnd Time ii| 

f drawi)ig up all our DifFerenceS, with the Reafotif 

< thereof, to prefent in Writing to Ac Hoofes, 
f receive their Anfiuirs, and give in Replits in Gkie 
f Manner, it mufl nenis prove the Lofp of a great 
f deal of precious Time ; may, in this Cpnjunc- 
I ture of Affairs, be of very dangerous Confeqycnce 
f to both Kingdoms ; and will retard the fending 
f ot the Prapo/itiMi, the Difpatch whereof, for 
^ many Realoni, Ihould not be longer delayed ; 

* efpecially fincc we have lb often declared to the 

* King, that they are fpeedily to be fent, and thei 

* iGranting of them wilt be an cffeSual Means fox 

* giving Ssutisla^lion to both Kingdoms. 

. * Thb we have judged necefliiry for us to of^ 
f as the moft expeditious Way for attaining thole 
f Ends, and that we might cnear ourfclves before 

< God and the World, diat we have n^lc&ed no 

■ Mean in our Power, which may procure a fpee- 
*'dy Pta£i\ deAring much rather to copie to x 

* fpeedy Agreement by a f^endly Conference, than, 

■ with Lots of Time, to reckon up our Differences 
'■ in Writing j although (if the Pofture of Afi^rt 
■would have admitted of Delay) we ihould have 

* accounted it our Advantage nrft to have prefent- 
*.edto the Hpufes, in Writing, thp {{eaJons for 

* Ae Difference of our Judgment in the Point* 

* controverted. 

* Concerning the PropofittoH for Religion ; 
f when wc were ready to have debated with the 

* HonourableCommittecupontheParticularscom- 
f municato] Unto us, fay Dircdion of the Houfcs, 

* upon thztPrtptfihn^ their Lordfhips did acquaint 
f us, That they knew not whether itwas the In- 
f teotion of the Houfes to fend to the King the 

* Ordinmees paftlwth Houfes, or to fend any other 
f Particulars; and that the Houfes themfetvcs were 
f to be confulted herein. And therefore that th^ 
f f'jrapofttun concerning Religion (the fettlii^ 
f whereof Oiould be, and it, the Cbiefcft of thf 


r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

t/ E N G L A N D. 34J 

■ Defires of both Kingdoms, and for which prin-*"- »* Car- ' 

* cipally they entered in StUmn League and Cevt- '^ , 

* tta^) may, with as diflindt Knowledge, and as ApiU. 

* fuU'Alfurancc of the Particulars as is poffible, be, 

* in the Name of both Kingdoms, demanded of the 

* King, and, with Knowledge, granted by hii 

* Majefly; and, according to the joint D«/flrafw« 

* of both Kingdoms, , Truth and Peace may be 

* eftablilhed upon a fure Foundation for the prefent 

* and future Generations ; our earneft Defire is, 

* That a Committee may be appointed, with whon^ 

* we may join for confidering fuch Articles of Re- 
' formatiofi and Uniformity of Church-Govern- 

* ment, as are already agreed upon by both Houfes ; 

* that, having joint Confent, they may be fit Mat- 

* ter for the Prtfofitien of Religion to be fent to the 
*■ King's Majefty, with fuch other Matters of 

* Church-Government as, we conceive, may be 

* concluded in a Day or two; they being long 

* fince offered to the Houlcs, and wherein there 
' can be little Difficulty, and the one and the other 

* may b^ formed up in a Method for a Model of 

* Uniformity ir; Church- Government. 

' Without thjs Agreement in Particulars of 

* Church-Govcrnmept, as well as in the Dircflory 

* of Worftip and Confe^op of Faith, we arc 
*'not anfwerable to oaz Cavini"if i our Engagc- 

* ments-and all out Labours and SufFcfings are in 

* V^in; the very long Confultations qf thif Divines 

* of both Kingdoms are fruitlefs ; the great £x- 

* pcftation not only pf tjie Church of England^ 
•-but of all the Rcfpfmed Churches, is thiftrated; 
' we fball not know what to anfwer to the Church 
' and Kingdom of Scutland, which will not be fa- 

* tisfied, nor fecure4 in their Religion, with Ge- 
^ nerals ) nor can we fipd any Ground to fatisfy our 

* own Rcafon for finding a gcficral Prapejit>an of 

* Reli^on to the King : ^nd therefore we flill 

* defire the Honourable Houfes, in their Wifdom* 

* to expede us of this Difficulty, That the Prepo- 

* Jithnt rxay\x^ with all fpeed, brought to a com- 
t 'fortable and tiarmonious Conclufion.' 

r..„ ,Gt)t)'-^le 

3^ 7hf ParUanentafy li 1ST OKY 

Ab. II Cu. t.-f^ Pm-Uattunt's Answer is the iafl of thifiresttng 
1546. Papers ef tie Scots Cmmij^Mri (/}. 

April. t 'in HE Lords and Commons', affembled in Par- 
ThU Anfiwr of * liament, having tafcen into' Confideration 

bothHoufcito * your Paper o^ April 6, coacemihgihc Propo/kiom 
the uil of them. « to be fent tb the King, do return this Jnfwer: 

' That we having communicated unto you Coma 

* of thoft Propofithni, which we ddlrcd, for the pre- 

* ftnt, fliould be fent to his Majefty for a fafc and^ 

* well-grounded Peacti and finding, upon Pcrufal" 

* ofyouri*fl^rt-, of the i6thof jWb-fA, yoUrLord- 
*fliips have nof corifented that thofe Prtipofitiohs 
' ftiould be fent, that arc dellred by us, fortheGood 
•and Security of the' Kingdoms 6{ England iod 

* Ireland, with your Reafons for the fame j after 
1 * ferious Confideration thereof^ we thought fit to 

* adbertf tb our firft RifiiutioHSj and again to delirs 

* your Concurrence for the fending them unto the 
**King; and although wt dearly facisfed our own 
•Judgments therein, yet, out of our earned: De- 
■ iircgto carry on ajt BufincTs in atrotherly Way, 

* we did appoint our Committees to commuaicate 
*'thOft; our' Re/eluthnSy tO flieW the Groundt - 
•'th'ercof; and to remove any Uoubts th^t might 
•-fltctthes-ein with' your Loi^rps : All which be- 

f ing confidered", and that we have never denied 
four Confent'that fuch Prppdfitiim fhould be pre-, 
•Tented to the King, as your Lordfhips conteived 
•tote for- thb Good and Safety of the' Kingdom 
•"of Saihttdj the Mittcrinyour Paper oi the6di 

* 'of April we did ^ not expefl } whtftin you i<t 
•'defire; That tbt%h!:o\\iXiaMefbith Houjei (afUr 
*'fa long afidlniHurt Deliitrafien} Jhotdd be Ji^e^d 

* to the Debates ondAlterathiit ofaCommitlei afbolh . 

* Houfes, ta be jqintd with yokfer that PurpQfe ; and, 

* that upon Grounds which We can by no' Means 

* admit of, in regard that, by the Treaty^ both. 

* Kingdoms are not bound to ajoint Advic6 and 

* Judgment in framing Ihf Pi-epapi'siUj as is affirm-^ , 

■ * cd 

(F) Thi. Jinfwir it BBtcKd in tht ^turi^ of btth UOa&l, tWt 

V* bd BOM le ibt etLfi mo Ptfirt, 

I..., ,Gt)tH^lc 

5f E N GL AND. 347 

f ed 14 your Paper % but that no Ceflation, nor *»■ » Cw. I. 

f any Pacification or Agreement ibr ^MMwfaatfo- ', ' . . 

^ ever, is to be made by either Kingdom^ or the Auil. 

^ Armies of cither Kingdom, without the mutui^ 

f Advice and Confent of both Kingdoms.; which 

f is alt, in this Particular, th^ are obliged to by 

f the Trrttfjr ; and therefore, out of our earneft De- 

' iires to make Ufe of the preCcnt Opportunity for 

* fettling the Ptaa of the Kingdoms, and that we 
5 may clear ourllclves, before God and the World, 

* that we have negleiSed no Means which may 

* procure the fame i cfpecially fince, asyourLord- 
f lliipa well remember, we have fo often declared 

* to the King tbat they are fpeedily to be font ; 

* and the Granting of them will be an efieihia] 

* Meant to give Satisfa^ion ■ to both Kingdoms, 
f we dg again defire your Con&nt that thofo Pra- 

* pofitunii as we have fent them to your Lordr 
f llups, may be fent to his Majefty j and we Ihall 

* fpeedily. communicate to your Lordlbips the two 

* other Propaftient cojiceming Jjdinquentsand the 
*City,9f tmJWt that they may be. fent with, the 

* o&eisi' 

^DBpLARATioN ef tht CoHMpNS if England, 
ajjmiltd in Parliament, of their true Intentieni _ 
tqvctritiag the ancient and Findatntntal Covtm- 
tnent ef the Kingdom ; the Government of tbt 
(ili^ci ; the pT^ent Peace ; fituting, the PeapU ~ 
agaitift all arhitrarj Gtvtmjnent ; anJ maintain^ 
ing a right. Uader^flanding between ibt two King-i 
thpu ^f Eag^ind and SaMiaad, .accerJitig to the 
Covenant :4t>^-'T-reati«8{in). 

' \X7-^^''* Commons,, in Parliament aflerabled. Ana > ivcltf^ 
r W ' well remwiAeriug that, in the Bcgjnniflg *^°'„J^S' 

* of this War, divers Proceftations, Declarations, c^cc^iiaB. 

' and ■ 
(«] Four tboulW af thefe DttU^li'iu <rBK ttiatA hj the Com- 
inam tn be prinied fof tlie UA of the PuliwnenC, ind 6itx ua Knighti 
•n^ BafcSa a£ [hblcveni CODMiM'da McaCirc thr]r be fanhwita 
fiatidawD and pwUiOed in tht idpeAiTa ConDCwt ud f>l*m £» 
Tilucli ibey ferrc g tluc fhnr ChU oat bnadml be mt lent to one 
Conan, and at mairj more u (hall be oeccflu) | and that tkej tat let 

If (ad iinA in tnaj PuiOi-Cbiitctr bj th< Churtb-Wwdav 


7be ParliameTitary H r s T o R v 

* and Suggeflions were fpread abroad by thelCing^ 
' and thofe that did adhere unto him ; whereby 

* our fincere Intentions for the Public Good were 

* mifreprefented, and the Minds ofmany poRefled 
' with a Belief that our ReTolutions and Proceed- 

* ings were grounded upon needlefs Fears and 

* Jealoufies ; and that there was no necefTary and 

* juft Caufe of the prefent War ; the Untruth and 

* Deceitfulnefs whereof, by the good Hand of 

* God, miraculoufly difcovertng the Secrets of our 

* Enemies, difpofing and bleffing our Af^irs, 

* Time and Experience have fince fully manilefted, 
' to the undeceiving of thofe that were ftduced 

* thereby j wh^h Miftatces of the People, by this 

* Artilice and Cunning of the Enemy, for fome 
'* Time much blemiOiN the Juftice of this Caufe, 

*: and not only prolonged the War, but hazarded 

* the Succefs thereof; and if the Enemy, by thefe 

* Means, had prevailed, how dangerous the Con- 

* fequences would have been is mod apparent : ' 

* And now obferving, that (when it hath pleafed 

* God fo to blefe our Endeavours, and the Anions 

* of our Forces and Armies, as that the Enemy 

* is in Defpair to accomplifh his Defigns by War, 
' and we are brought into good Hopes of attain- 

* ing and enjoying that which, with fo much £x~ 

* pence of Blood and Treafure, we have con- 

* tended for} there are ftiU the fame Spirits ffirring, 

* and Humours working, as in the Beginning, tho' 

* under other Bilguifes, and Upon other Grounds ; 

* putting falfe ConftruAions as well apon what 

* hath ^rcady pailed the Houfes, as upon the 

* Things under prefent Debate; and inifreprefeming 

* our Intentions in the Ufe we defu'e to make of tbi$ 

* great Succef; which God hath given ns, and the 

* happy Opportunity to fettle Truth and Peace, in. 

* the three Kingdoms; not ceafing, as well in Print 

* 33 otherwife, to beget a Belief that we now de- 

* fire to exceed or fwerve from our firft Aims and 

* Principles in the Undertaking this War, and to 

' iccede from tbe Sfitmn Ltegut and Cwtnant, and ' 
' Trtatiei 


e^ E N G L A N D. 34, 

* Treaties between the two Kingdoms ; and that *■■ »• ^"- '• 

* we would prolong the uncomfortable Troubles . '^**' . 
' and bleeding Diftradione, in order to alter the amjI. ■ 

* Fundament Conftitution and Frame of thit 

* Kingdofn; to leave all Government in tha 

* Church loofe and unfcttled, and ouHelves to ex- 

* ercife the fame arbitrary Power over the Perfans 

* and Eftates of the Subje^, which this prefent 
' Parliament hath thought fit to abolifb, by tak- 
' ingaway the Siar-Chamier, High-CommiffiQtty and 

* other arbitrary Courts, and the exorbitant Powec 

* of the Coundl'TahU : 

* All which being ferioufly confidcred by us, 

* ahhoughourAdtions and Proceedings from Time 
' to Time, fmce the Beginning of this Parliament, 

* and particularly In the managing this great Caufe, 

* are the beft Demonftratlons of our Sincerity and. 

* Faithfulnefs to the Public ; yet forefeeing that, 

* if Credit be given to fuch diingeroua InHnuationt 

* and falfe Surmifcs, the fame will not only con- 

* tinue the prefent Calamities, and involve us into 

* new and unexpeSed Imbroilments, butlikewifa 
' inevitably endanger the happy liTue and Succefs 

* of our Endeavours, which, by God's Blelfing^ we 
■ 'may otherwife hope for : 

' We do declare. That our true and real Inten- 

* tions are, and our Endeavours Ihall be, to fettle, 

* Religion in the Purity thereof, according to thft 
*, Cwenant ; to maintain the ancient and Funda- 

* mental Government of this Kingdom ; to pre-j 

* fervB the Rights and Libertiei of the Subje^ ; t« 

* lay hold on the firft Opportunity of procuring a, 
' fafc and well-grounded Peace in the three King- 

* doms, and to keep a good Underftahding between 

* the twQ Kingdoms of England and Sed/and, ac- 
' cording to the Grounds exprefled in the Sokmn, 

* litague and Covenanty and Treaties ; which we 

* defire may be inviolably obferved on both Parts. ^ 
* And, left thefe Generals Ihould not give a. 

* fulficient Satisfa£lion, wc have thought fit, to. 

* the end Men may be no longer abufed into a 

* MiAjelief of our Intentions, or aMifunderAanding 



^50 ^ Po'lianufOmy H i s t d ft y 

of our Anions, to make this Anther Enlargunenf 
upon the Partlculacs : 

' And, firft, concerning Chuitli-Govemment J 
Wc having fo fully declared for aPrefbyterial Go- 
vcrnmeni, having &cnt fo much Time, tafcen fo 
much Pains for the Settlemeni: of it, pafTed moft o( 
the Particulars brought to tls from the Aflfeftibly 
of Divines, (called only to adrife of fuch Things 
as fiiall be required of them by both or either of 
the Houfcs of Parliament] without any material 
Alterations, faving in the Point of Commiffioners} 
and having publimed feVeral Ordiuancit for •pat* 
ting tlTe fame in Execution) becaufe we cannot 
confcnt to the granting of an arbitrary and Unlimit- 
ed Power ajia Jurifdlaion to near ten thoufand 
Judicatures to be erciScd within this Kingdom j 
and this demanded in fuch a Way as is not con- 
fident with the Fundamental Laws and Govern- 
ment of the fame ; and, by neceflary Confe- 
quence, excluding the Powfcr of the Parliaitient 
of England m the E;£ercife of that Jurifdii^ion, 
and whereof we have received no Satisfaction in 
Point of Conference or Prudence : nor have wff 
yet rcfolved how a due Regard may be had, that 
tender Confcicnces, which differ not in Funda-' 
mentals of Religion, may be fo provided for, a* 
may ftand with the Word of God, and the Peace 
of the Kingdom. 

* It muit therefOTB feem very ftrange to us, if any 
fober and modeflMan Ihoula entertain a Thought 
that we fbould fettle no Government in ths 
Church, when our Unwillingnefa to fubjeftour-' 
felv^s and the People of this Land to this vail 
Power, hath been a great Caufe that the Go- 
vernment hath not been long fincc eftabiilhed : 
And wc defire it may l>c obfervcd. That w« 
have had the more Reafon, by no Means to pari 
with this Power out of the Hands of the Civil 
Magiftrate, fince the Experience of all Ago 
will manifell, That the Reformation and Purity 
of %ligi'n} and the Prefervation artd Prote£UoK 


rf- E N C L A N D. 3JI 

* 1^ the people of Qod iq this Kingdom, )iath, i»- » Cu. U 
, • under God» been by the I'uliament, and their , '^*^' J 

* Excrqfe of this Power ; And our full E,efoIu- AnriU. 

* tions fiill are, fincerely, really, and conftantly* 
" through the Grace of God, to endeavour unp 

* Reformation of Religion in the Kingdoms of 

* England and Ireland, in Do£hine, Worfhlp* 

* DifcipIIne, and Government, according to the 

* Word of God, and the Example of the heft 

* Reformed Churches, and according to our Ctve^ 

* nant. Whence it tnay appear to all Men, That 

* thofe Rumours and Afpeifions, whereby the 
' Minds of Men are fo difturbcd for Want of thp 

* i)refent fettling of Church-Government, are to 
' * be applied to thofe who (having a fufficient Power 

and Direftion from the Houles on that Behalf} 

have not as yet put the fame in Execution. 

* And whereas a fafe and good Peace is the right 

* End. of a juH War; there is nothing we haw 
' more earneilly defired, nor more conllandy 1:^ 
' boured after ; and to ^at Purpofe, bbth Houfec 

* of Parliament have framed feveral Pmpejitians to 

* be fent to the Ki.ig, fuch as they hold neceflaiy 
< for the prefcnt sxid futureSafety and Gpodof thv 

* Kingdom ; fome of which arc tranlinltted from 

* both Houfes to our Brethren of SestUmdy where 

* they now remain ; whofe Content, that tbey 

* may fpcedily be Tent to the King, we fhall ncff 

* doubt to oDtain, fuice the Parliament of E.ig' 

* hnd is and ought to be fole and proper Judge of 

* what may be for the Good of this Kingdom ; th^ 

* fame Liberty having been always by us admitted 

* to the Kingdom w Scelland. in all Things thtf 

* concern that Kingdom ; wherein we are (o faf 

* from altering the Fundamental Conftitution an4 

* Government of this Kingdom, by King, Lord^ 

* and Commons, that we have only defired, That, 

* with the Confentof the King, fuch Powers may 

* be fettled in the two Houfes,. without which w* 
' can have no AlTurance bvit that the like, ojr 

* greater, Mifchiefs than thef^ which God batb* 

* hitherto delivered us frQOi, may break- oubagain, 



352 -TZe ParUafAentary HisTflRy 

>. M Car, I. * Slid engage us in a fecond and more deftru^ve 

Af^l_ * Whereby it plainly appears our Intentions ar* 

' not to change die ancient Frame of Government 

* within this Kingdom, but to obtain the End of 

* the Primitive Inftitution of all Government, the 

* Safety and Weal of the People ; not judging it 

* wife or fafe, after fo bitter Experience of the 

* bloody Confequcnces of a pretended Power ol 

* the MiUtia in the King, to leave -any colourable 

* Authority in the fAme for the future Attempts of 

* introducing an arbitrary Government ovsr this 

* Nation, and protc<£ling Delinquents, Enemies of 

* our Religion and Liberties, by Force, from the 

* Juftige of the Parliament ; the firft and chiefeft 

* Grounds of the Parliament's talting up Arms in 

* this Caufe. 

• And although the Neceffi^' of War hath given 

* fbme Difturbance to legal Proceedings ; Hopped 

* the ufual Courfe of Jullice ; enforced the Parlia- 

* ment, for the Prefervation of this State, to im- 

* pofe and require many great and unufual Pay- 

* ments from the good Subjefls of this Kingdom; 

* and to take extraordinary Ways for procuring of 

* Monies for their many preffing Occaftons : It 

* having pleafed God to reduce our Affairs into a 

* more hopeful Condition than heretofore, we do 

* declare. That we will not, nor any one, by Co- 

* lour of Authority derived from us, malt, interrupt 

* the ordinary Courfe of Juflice in the feveral 

* Courts and Judicatories of this Kingdom, nor 

* intermeddle in Cafes of private Intereft other- 

* where determinable ; unlefs it "he of Male-Ad- 

* miniflfation of Jullicej wherein we fhall fee and 

* provide, that Right be done, and Punifliment in- 

* fli£led as there wall be Occalion, according to 

* the Laws of Uie Kingdom, and the Truft re- 

* pofed in us. 

' And as both Houfes have already, for the Eafe 
.* and Benefit of the People, Uken away the Court ■ 

* of Wards 3in6 Liveries, with all Tenures in Capile, 

* anj^ by Knight's Service, fo we will take efpecial 

* Care. 


of E N G L A N D. 3^3 

* Care, that as fpeedy and as great Eafe tn^ be Ad. ai cu. I> 

* had in future Levies of Money, by reducing of ''**!__, 

* Garrifons, and otherwifej as the prefling Occa- ji^lii 

* fions of the Kingdomcanpoffibly admit; and will 

* provide, by bringing Delinquents to due Punilh- 
^ ment, who have unnaturally fomented and main- 

* tained this prefent War againft the Parliament 

* and Kingdom ; that there may be a fair' Poffibi- 

* lity of fatisfying the Difhurfements, clearing thd 

* Engagements, and repairing the Lofles of thofcf 

* who have faithfully and chearfully laid out them- 

* felves, and fuiFefed for the Public Service ( un* 

* lefs, by too great Credulity given to falfe Sug- 

* geftions. We be dlfabled from effe£ting what we 

* defire. 

^ * Laftly, Whereas both Nations have entered 

* into a Sakmn League and Covenant, and Treaties 

* have been made and concluded between the two 

* Kingdoms of England and Scotland, we have had 

* an efpecial Regard of the Treaties ; and have 

* not, to our beft Judgments, failed of the Per- 

* formance of any Thing which vi'as on our Part to 

* be performed. And for th^ Cevenaat, We have 

* been, and ever Jhall be, very cartful duly to ob- 

* fervc the famei that as nothing hath been done* . "^ 

* fo nothing Ihall be done, by us, repugnant to 

* the true Meaning and Intention thereof; and do 

* prefume that no Interpretation of it (fo far as it 

* concerns the Kingdom of England) (hall, by any^ 
*. be endeavoured to be impofed on us than we 

* ourfelves do know to be fiiitable to the Erft juft 

* Ends for which It was agreed ; and we do ex- 

* pe£l:. That the People of England ihould not rc- 

* ceive Imprellions of any forced Conflrufliona of 

* that Covenant ; which, in cafe of any Doubt arif- 

* ing, is only to be expounded by them by whole 

* Authority it was eftabliflied in this Kingdom, 

* who will not depart from thofe Grounds andPrin- 

* ciples upon which it was framed and founded.' 

The foregoing Dedaraiion was not palled with- 
out great Oppofition, every Claufe being rcfolved 

Vol- XiV. Z by ' 


354 ^ Farliamentary History 

"• " Cir- ^'by Queftion. On one Djvifion the Numbers font 
' *^' ■ were 67 againfl 41,; on another, 71 againft 43. 
Afril. And the Commons were in fo great Hafle to com- 
- . • municate it to the Nation, that it was printed and 
pubUfhed the very next Day after it had palled 
their Houfe, without To much as afking the Con- 
currence of the Lords. 

About this Time alfo the following Letttrs were 
printed by Order of Parliament. Mention is made 

, in the yauraab of their being read, but they are 
not entered there, nor in Rujhvarth's or Hufiends's 
CoIUStians ; and we give them from the Ori^nal 

. Edition (fl). AndfiiS 

A Letter to Major-General Brawnt, from Colo- 
nel Payne, concerning a Defeat of Ae King's 
Horfe at Faringdon, read in the Houfe of Com- 
mons the 14th of April. 

Hmaitred>U, Sir, 

THE laftNig] 
01 raria- ""^ '^^'^ drawn out of Oxford, and gave 

mcnt, Tcbtint to * Out thev intended to plunder A'irwn^mj where- 
tbe SDccdk of * fore I fcnt to Colonel heifsoorth^ to dcfire him 
tbnrAimT. « to draw his Horfe towarcis ^^/n^i/dff, which he 

* did } but early this Morning we had Intelligence 

* that 600 Horfe marched out of Oxen, thro' Cetnp- 

* Ion and Fijield ; whereupon I commanded forth 

* our Horie and Dragoons, and marched with Co- 

* lonel Betfwtrth after the Enemy ; and it pleafcd 

* God to direct us that we found them at Faring- 

* dolt, and quartered at the Towns thereabouts. 

* We had gallant hunting them from Place to Place 

* over the Hills, and purfued them into Faringdon 

* Town ; and afterwards we difcovered a good 
' Party of about 200 between the two CoxwtUs, 

* who ran down into a Meadow, and would have 

* parlied to furrender their Horfe and Arms, but 
' our Men fell on them and took them all, fave 

* v^ few that efcaped. Afterwards we gleaned 

'. («} tainted fw M. Sfart, y, RMbnell, and % Vwitrtin, 1 64^. 

r..„ ,Gt)tH^lc 

Semu utttn * *T' H E laft Night I had Intelligence the Ene- 
X my were drawn out of Oxford, and gave 

ef E N G L A N D. 355 

•..up divers more in fcveral Places, fo that I amAa. a* e«. l* 

* confident that Party is fo broken that the King . *** ' , 

* will fcarce be able to get fucb a Body of ^Horfe j^-^ 
' aeun in the Kingdom. We tool: above 300 

* Horfe, &nd almoft as many Prifoners : There 

* were brought, this Evening, about 250 into 

* Abingdon; the Major, and moft of the Officers of 

* Sir fyittiam Compton's Regiment, belonging to 

* Banbury, are Pf iloners : It was efleemed the beft 

* Regiment the King had; and the News of their 

* Engagement being reported at Oxford this Day^ 

* that they w6ul(l either come ofF with Honour or 

* be loft, they fadly replied. If that Regiment wero 

* loft, they were all undone. 

* There was but one Man flain on our Part, and 

* not many on the Eenemy's. 

Teur tmfi kumbU 
»*♦*• andfaithfiii Servant^ 


A Letter from Col. AUttan, concerning the Sur- 
render of Ruthin Caftle to him, for the Ufe of the 
king and Parliament, read the 13th of Jpril, 

^a the tionBurahU William Lenthall, Efyt 
Spatter of the HanourabU I^ufe of Commem. 

S Iky 

* T-* H E reducing of this Caftle of Ruthin fiath 
' X coft me more Time and Ammunition than 

■ ' I cxpe£led when firft I laid Siege to it : At laft, 

* having a Mine almoft in Readinefs to fpring, 

* and Batteries prepared for a Demi-Cannon and 

* a Culverin to play upon it, it was this Day agreed 

* to be furrendered upon certain Conditions ; 

* which I was the more willing to accept, having 
' perfeft Information by fbme that efcaped out of 
' the Caftle, that there were Provifions in it for 

Z 2 'two 


356 7fe Parliamentary History 

An. » c»r. I. ' two Months longer, which now 1 find to h« 

.. '*4S- « true : And if I Ihould have forced it I muft have 

Jiptil. ' hazarded many Mefl, and made the Plate unfcr- 

* vlceable, which is of great Ufe to the Reduce- 

* ment of this Country, it being the moft conve- 

* nient Place for a Gafrifon in all North-ff^aks, 

* as Things now ftand with us. 

* Yefterday, before the Break of Day^ a f*arty of 

* the Enemy, out of DwJi^fACaftle, being about fix 

* Score, and thirty mounted Firelocks, fell upon 

* Captain Richard Prhis Quarters, within two 

* Miles of this Town ; but he was vigilant, and 

* his Scouts performed their Duty fo well, that they 

* were drawn into the Field before they came upon 

* them, which gave him Opportunity to avoid 

* them, and convey tbe Alarm to this Town ; and 

* thereupon Colonel Carter^ with a Handing Horfe- 

* Guard, which we are fain to keep in the Field 
' conftantly to fecure our Out-quarters, and Cap^ 

* tain Simiies, with my own Troop, which was 

* then upon the Guard in this Town, drew out and 

* fell between them and Denbigh \ and within half 

* a Mile of their Garrifon met with them, and 

* charged them fo gallantly, that they broke in 

* upon than, killed fcven of them, as is fatd, np- 

* on the Place ; and, ,in the Purfuit, took four 
' Captains, one Lieutenant, two Comets, divers 

' • Troopers, and about forty Borle, with the Lofs 
' of but one Man on our Side. 

* The Siege at Hob hath of iate been of great 
' Difficulty and Hazard to thofe few Men I have 

* there : For the drawing off the Chejbiri Fire- 

* locks from that Service, without my Privity, 

* gave the Enemy an Advantage to burn the Guard 

* the Firelocks kept, (whichcoft theCountrymucH 

* to fortify) and above forty dwelling Houfes in the 

* Town J and expofed my Men (who Jay in open 

* Quarters, and were fewer in Number than the 

* Enemy within were) to their Power, which ne- 

* ceHttated my Men to be upon continual Duty, 

* Upon the firft of April the Enemy fallied out 

* and fell upon Major Sadler's Quart»s, rcfolving 


jf E N G L A N D. 357 

* to put all my Men in that Houfe to the Sword, *>• "*. c«. * 

* which they had been !ik;c to effcft, bad not a . '^*' . 

* Guard which was placed ii^.thc Mount, ereSed j^.^^ 

* by us three Days before, rcKcvcd them. In this 

* Storm I loil dx Men, and fourteen wounded ; of 

* the Enemy there were killed their Commander, 

* {Captain Coiiingkam, aPaptil) aLieutenant, and 

* two more, and many wounded : There hath been ' ' 

* never a Day fince but they fallied out conftantly 

* 'twice or cbrice a-day* and were as conftantly 

* beaten in. 

* This Service, an4 the furniflimff^f fuch Gar- 

* lifohs which are reduced, occafions me £](pence of ' 
,* verymuch Powdn «nd Match ; and therefore I 

* humbly defure that the Honourable Houfe will be 
' pleafea to grant that I may have ioq Barrels of 
' Powder, and 4 or 500 Firelocks fent me, and that 
/ fome Couriemay be prefcribed to convey it down 

* fpeedily ; the Carriage and Convoy of the laft 

* Powder I had, coft above half fo much as the 

* Powder was worth : And further, that they will 

* he plealed to appoint a Governor for this Caftle. 

* Lieutenant-Colonel Thomai Mafon is a very 

* faithful, active, and godly Gentleman ; and the 

* moft knowing Man in his ProfefBon that we have 

* in thefe Parts, having been a Soldier above twenty 
' Years, and loft his Command in IrelaaJ, bccauft 

* he refiifed to bear Arms againft the Parliament ^ 

.* and, if this Place were worthy of him, I fhould ■ 

* m^ bold to recommend him to their Conlidera- 

* tion. This, neverthelefs, I leave to their Wifr 

i doms to determine, and reft / 

Teur very humble Servant, 

Sutbln, Jpril g. 


The Commons Agreed to this laft RequeA of 
Colonel Mitton ; ordered him the Thanks of their 
Houfe, and a Reward of 50/. to his Chaplain, 
Mr. Figgey for bringing the News. , 

Z 3 Two 

r..„., ^,Gt)t)^lc 

358 the ParUamenti^ History 

I. 12 c«, I. Two other Lrtttrs to thie Speaker from Mr. 
'^*^-. , Rufitworib. 

■*»'^ & I R^ 

' TJ AVING been employed in the agitating 

* kX of the Treaty for the fuirendering of Exe- 
' Ur, I might crave Pardon if I give you not lb 

* full an Account of our Proceedings here as I de- 
f fire. We had to do with Lawyers and Civilians* 

* who lengthened out our Debate by their Nice-. 
' ties, fo that the Treaty ended not till the Day 

* of the writing hereof, when they iinilhcd the Ar- 
' tides, and agreed to march forth on Mmday 

. • next. The Conditions were honourable, w'z. 

* in brief, To march out with their Arms, Colours 

* fiying, Drums beating; and Bullets, to Oxfirdy 
' and Uie Cornijh into Cornwall, 

* I .will not trouble you with Particulars, but 

* fend you the Articles by the next. Homages 

* were delivered for the Performance of the Things 

* promifed ; and, for farther AlTurance unto us, 

* three ftrong Forts were delivered up unto ua in 

* Hand, as hath been touched before. The Townt- 
^ men were very glad of the Agreement. 

f The General is this Night come to Tiverton, 
f and intends To-morrow to be before BarnftafU, 
f and to iummon it. 

* The Treaty was abfolutcly concluded Yefter- 
• * iayiaExiier: We fatup NightandDayaboutit. 

* I will not trouble you any more till a fiuther , 

* Opportunity ; but remain, 

Ute at Night. Tsur tnnjl humtle Servant, 


P. S. * At Market-'leWi near the Mount, we 

* took lately of the Mount-mm 60 Prjfoners, the 

* moft of that Garrifon ; alfo a Captain in Pen- 
^ 4ennij came off unto us with 80 Men more. We 

* underdand that in Pindennh they have nothing 

* but 

r..„ .,Gt)tH^lc 

fiT ENGLAND. 359 

* but tainted fait Beef, and that they cannot long**- " Cu. I. 

* Aibfift i tljey have but little Brca4, and their ,' ''**' ,, i 
' Wine 2i^ui& fpcnt. Wie hope well flwrtly of ^Jril 

* bothPkccs, 

The other Letttr was thus : 

* 'pHOUGH I haye but little News, yet I 

* ^ could not omit thii Opportunity of fending 

* to you : We entered the City of Extler on Men- 

* day laft, according to the Articles (;']. Sir yahn 
f Birielty the Governor, with about 2000, are 

* inarched forth} 700 whereof being Comt^, as 

* foop u they were put of the City Gates, faced 
f Wejhuqrd', and, refolying for their own Homes, 
^ cried put thus : Every M^n U hit nvn Hamf, 

* Bvtry Man to hit bum Heme ; and fo laying down 

* their Anns departed accordingly. The like Re- 
! folution had moft of the reft, fb-that Sir yohn 

* ivas like to have but a f^Dall Remnant to do his 

* Majefty any Service at Oxford. The Princcfs 
*. ^fBr(rf/<j, ai)d hpr Govcrnefs (i), went forth 

* irith th^, leaving behind them in the City at 

* Ickft three Months Provifions, 150 Barrefs of 

* Powder, about 1500 Mufkets, and above 40 

* Pieces of Ordnance.' 

Tour rm/1 humble Servant, 

April 21. In the Cemmens Journals at this Day 
we' melt with an Affair, which muft have given 
great Difguft to ^c Prejhyterian Patty. But be- 
fore we enter into farther Particulars, it is nCcef- 
fcry to obeferve. That, on the 23d of March laft, a Psiition m Um 
the Aflembly of Divines, then fitting at PPyimin ■ CommoBi htaa 
/«-, had prefeiued a Petition to the Commons, in D^,i^*'^^°fa 
relation to fome Claufes of an Ordinance lately 1 Breach of Pii- 
pafled, which they apprehended to be an Encroach- 'ilee'- 
mcnt of the Laity upon their Spiritual Jurifdiclion. 
Z 4 But 

(i) Sir Ti.™. Fair/a*-, Summam. the GnTfinor's Aufw-tr, and 
the Arlkltf It lain, tie id Jlw&ntrib, Vol. Vf, p. i6t, etfii. 
(,k) TheCouDIcriof Dalluiib. 

L._. ^,Gt)t)^le 

360 7£e Parliamefiiary, History 

a, 13 Cir. I. But General Ludlow (a), fpealcing of this Kind of 
'^^ PetitienSy calla it * An Attempt to facrifice all our 

""■'a' -I Civil Liberties to the Ambition of the Prefbyterian 
Clergy ; and to vcft them with a Power as great 
or greater than that which had been declared into- 
. lerable in the Bifhops before.' However, on th? 
I ith of April, this Affair was ta);en into farther 
Conlideration by the Commons; when the Majority 
cf that Houfe were fo far from being of the fam? 
Opinion'with the Petitioners, that they voted theP^- 
iitien to be a Breach of the Privilege of Parliament ; 
But upon diis there were two Divifions of th« 
Houfe. On the previous Queftion, io6againft85{ 
and, on the main Queftion, 88 againft: 76. The 
Tellers for the Majority, Sir Jahn Evelyn of Wths^ 
»nd S'lijirihur Htfelrig ; for the Minority, Mr. HoUei 
and Sir Philip Stapylten : A Circumlrancc which 
confirms our former Obfervation, of the great In-r 
creafe of Strength t\iK Independent V Arty hsA^ lately, 
Kquired by the new Elections. — The Petition bc- 
fbrementioned is not entered in the Jaumaby nor 
in any of the dUfStiom of thefe Times. Mr. Rujh^ 
worthy indeed, has given us the ^uefiions aiter-r 
wards propofed to the Aflembly of Divines ; buj 
takes no Notice of the Pttitian jtfclf, of the Rt-, 
folutions of the Commons in Confequence thereof, 
nor of the following Paper entered in their your- 
tials, which was voted, Claufe by Claufe, jn hac 

4 Narrative of the Matter of Fa£f concerning 
the Breach of the Privilege of Parliament by tbf 
Petition of the AJfembly of Dhines. 

* np H E Parliament, by the Fundamental Laws 

* -L and Con{Vitutions of this Kingdom, hath 

* this great Privilege, to be the Supreme Judicatory ; 

(a) K«„iin, Vol, I. p. igg, 

We him fetn a Fiini, publilhed at thii Time, reprereulii^ a Pope, 
Pnlatc, lad a Pic%(er, fuUd togeeher upon ■ Bench, wiili thli 
■ olto over him. Trig janBe in am. This was compliioeB of ti 
Mrliament, and Enquiiy cidercd Co be ma^e aftei tt«e Publiihei: 
Pa [be Refult cherecf does not appear ojian ^e Jaunnh. 


ef E N G L A N D. 361 

* and hath Jurifdidion in all Caufcs, Spiritual and Aa. n Cu. t. 

* Temporal, and to deicgate fo much of this Power ^ '^' ^ 

* as they think lit : And, when they have declared Anrii. 

* their Judgments, and 'given their DireiSions in 

* a Law, the fame is binding to all Perfon? of this 
' Kingdom, of what Quality focver. 

' The Aflembly of Divines, called by OrdinMci 
' of Parliament, are authorized and injoined by the 
' faid Ordinanct, from Time to Time, during this 

* prefent Parliament, or until further Order be 

* taken by both the faid Houfes, to treat of fuch 

* Matters therein mentioned, as Iball be propoled 

* unto them, from Time to Time, by both or ei- 
f ther of the Houfes of Parliament, and no other; 

* and to deliver their Opinions and Advices, of or 
' touching the Matters aforefaid, as fliall be moll 

* agreeable tp the Word ofGod,toboth or either of 
' the faid Houfes of ParliamentjfroraTimc to Time, 

* in fuch Manner and Sort as by both or either of 

* the faid Houfes fliall be required ; with a Prohl- 

* bition, that they do not auiime to exercife any 
' Jurifdi<Sion, Power, or Authority, Eccleliaftical 
' whatfoever, or any other Power, than ^what in 
' the faid Ordiiuince is particularly.exprefled. 

* The AITembly are further authorifed, by Or~ 

* i^/n<inc« of Parliament, the ii'Aioi OSobir, 1643, 
' to treat among themfelves of fuch a Difcipline and 

* Government as may be moft agreeable to God's 

* holy Word, and moft apt to procure and preferve 
' the Peace of the Church at home, and nearer 
« Agreement with the Church of Scotland^ and 

* other Reformed Churches abroad j and to deli- 

* ver their -Opinions and Advice therein, with all 

* convenient Speed, to the Houfes : Whereupon 
' they gave their Advice, before the Houfes declared 
f their Judgment, in the OrSitana fc* Commif- 

* lioners. 

' The Parliament having received the Advice of 

* the Aflembly concerning Prefbytcrial Govern- 

* ment ; and particularly. That Jefus Chrift h»th 

* placed in the Minifters and Elders of his Churches 

.* the , 

' r..j.,.,™^,Gt)t)^le 

362 Tie Parliamentary History 

the Power of keeping away fcandalous and un- 
worthy Perfons from the Lord's Table ; 

* Both Houfcs, after mature Deliberation had 
thereupon, did, notwithftanding, erdain, by aLaw, 
That, in Cafes not enumerated, the Commif- 
iioners, by them to be appointed according to the 
fsid Law, fliould exercife fo much of the faid 
Power as in that Law is provided. 

* The Aflembty arc not authorifed, as an Af- 
fembly, by any Ordituince or Ordir of Parlia- 
ment, to interpret the CavenSnt^ efpecially in re- 
lation to any Law made or to be made ; nor, 
fince the Law pafled both Houfes concerning the 
CommiiEoncrs, have been required by both or 
either of the Houfes of Parliament, or had any 
Authority before by Parliament, to deliver theic 
Opinions to the Houfe^, in Matters already 
judged and determined by them : Neither have 
they Power, either to debate or vot?, y/hcther 
what is paired as a Law by both Houfes, be agree- 
ing or difagreeing to the Word of God, ui\til 
they be thereunto required. 
Matter of FaA' arifing from the Petition itfelf. 

* The Aflembly of Divines, under the Nameot 
i Petiticit, daKd- Marth 2 J, 1645, atlefted by 
the Prolocutor and the two Scribes j 
Firfli ' Do oppofe their Judgment, as an Af- 
fembly, in relation to a Law palTed both Houfes, 
unto the Judgment of Parliament, being not 
thereunto authorifed nor required; affirming. 
That the Provifion of Commiflioncrs to judge of 
Scandals, not enumerated, appears to their Con- 
fciences to be fo contrary to that Way of Go- 
vernment which Chrift hatb appointed in hia 
Church, (in that it giveth a Power to judge of 
Perfons to come to the Sacrament, unto fuch as 
Chrift hath not given that Power,) and to be, in 
many Refpe^U in the faid Petithn mentioned, fo 
difagreeable to the Cwiizn/, that they dare not 
praftife according to that Provifion. 


5f c N G L A N t). ,363 

Seeotuifyf ' The Aflembly, in their Petttien, do Ab, u dr. I, 

* declare. That the Power of judging in Cafes not d'**f\, 

* enumerated, (placed, in Part, by the faid Laws, AwU. ' ' 

* in Conuniffioners] and to keepbaclcfromthe Sa- - 

* crament all Aich as arc notoriouRy fcandalous, 

* doth belong to the feveral Eldcrfhips by divine 

* Right, and by the Will and Appointment of 

* Chrifl ; excluding thereby titc faid CommifBoii- 

* ers, and in them the Parliament, from the Power 

* and Right to judge in Cafes of Scandal not cnu- 

* meratcd.' 

A Committee was appointed to communicate, 
in a fair Manner, unto the Aflemhly of Divines, 
the File of the Houfe upon this Breach of Privi- 
lege in their Pttitign ; and to enlarge themfelvcs 
upon the feveral Heads 'of the foregoing Narra- 
■ the. 

The next Day the Commons took into Confide- 
ntioii divers QuelHons to be propounded to the 
Al&mbly of Divines, concerning the Jut divinum 
of Church-Government ; which were read one by 
-one, and, upon the Queftion, feverally refilvedi 
and were in bat Verba : 

* Whereas It is refolved by the Hoiile of Com- oueftiom anient 
-moos, that all Perfons guilty of notorious and fcan- to u proporni ti 
daloua Offences, (hall be fufpcndcd from the Sa-t^^Afftinbijr. 
crament of the Lord's Supper: The Houfe of Com- 
mons defire to be fatisfied, by the Aflembly of Di- 
vines, in thefe Qucftions following : 

1, ' Whether the Parochial and Congregational 
Elderftips, appointed by Ordinance of Parliament, 
or any other Congregational or Prelbyterial Elder- 
ihips, arc Jure divine, and by the Will and Ap- 
pointment of Jefus Chrift; and whether any par- 
ticular Church -Government be yure divino ; and 
what that Government is \ 

2. * Whether all the Members of the faid El- 
derfhips, as Members thereof, or which of them, 

?rc Jure divino, and by the Will and Appointment ' 

of Jefus Chrift? 3. 'Whether 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

7!&f ParHametaary History 

3. ' Whether the fuperior Aflemblies or Elder- 
lips, viK. the Clascal, Provincial, and National^ 

whether all, or any of them, and which of them, 
arc Juri diviruy and by the Will and Appointment 
of Jefus Chrift ? 

4. ' Whether Appeals from Congr^tional El- 
deribips to the Claffical, Provincial, and National 
AOemblies, or to any of them, and to which of 
them, aic Jure Jivinty and by the Will and Ap- 
pointment of Jefus Chrifl j and are their Powers, 
upon fuch Appeals, Jure jivino, and by the Will 
and Appointment of Jefus Chrift ? 

5. * Whether Oecumenical AJIemblies are Jurt 
divitu ; and whether there be Appeals from any of 
the fonner AJIemblies to the faid Oecumenical Ju- 

. re. dtviao, and by the Will and Appointment of 
Jefus Chrift f 

6. * Whether, by the Word of God, the Power 
of judging and declaring what are fuch notorious 
and fcapdaldus Offences, for which Pq;£>bs guilty 
thereof are to be kep; fj-pm the Sacratn^nt, of the 
X-ord's. Supper { and of conventing before them, 
trying, and actual Hifpending froin the Sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper, fuch OiFenders accordingly, 
is either in the Congregational Eldcrflup or Pref- 
bytery, or in any other Elderftiip, Congregation, 
or Perfons ; and whether fuch Powers are in them 
only, or in any of them, and in which <^ them, 
Jur* Svinty and by the Wilt and Appoiobnent of 
Jefus Chrift ? 

7. * Whether there be any certain and particu- 
lar Rules expFcftcd in the Word of God to dire& 
the Elderlhips or Prcftiyteries, Congregations or 
Peribos, or any of them, in the Excrcife and Ex- 
ecution of the Powers aforeiaid) and what are 
thofe Rules i 

9. * Is there any Thing contained in the Word 
pf God, that the Supreme Magiftracy, in a Chrifii- 
an State, may not judge and determine what ^ 
the aforefaid notorious afld fqfandalous OlFenees, and 
the Manner of Sufpenfion for the fame,, at> 
what Particulars, coaceining the Premifes, is the 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 


laid Supreme Magiftnicy by die WortJ of God ex- ^' 
eluded ? , 

9. * Whether theProviCon of Commiffioners to 
judge of Scandals not enumerated, aa they are au- 
thorifed by ihc Ordinantt of Parliament, be con- 
trary to that Way of Government which Chrift 
hath apfKMnted in his Church ; and wherein are 
they fo contrary ?' 

In anlWer to thefe Particulars the Commons de- 
lircd the Allembly of Divines to give their Proofs 
from Scripture j and to fet down the fevera] Texts 
thereof in the cxprefs Wards of the iame. And 

Ordered^ That every Minifter, prefcnt at the 
Debate of any of thde Queftions, do, upon every 
Refolution which fball be prefented to the Houfe 
concerning the fame, fubfcribe his Name, either 
vith the Affirmative or Negative, as he gives his 
Vote ; and that thofe that difTent from the major 
Part, {hall fet down their pofitive Opinions, with 
the exprefs Texts of Scripture upon which they 
are grounded. Alfo that the Committee, that is 
appointed to acquaint the AfTembly of Divines 
wi^ the Breach of Privilege in their laft Petitiott^ 
do deliver unto them the forcing Queftions, 

jfpril 1^. This Day Lieutenant-General Crom- 
uv// making bis .Appearance in the Houfe after fe- 
veral Months Abfence, the Commons ordered the. 
' Speaker to return him their hearty Thanks for his 
great and faithful Services, done to this Kingdom 
and to this Parliament. 

^ril 25. The Commons came to the following 
RtfilutintSt viz. 

1. * That Notice be given to Sir Thomas Fair- Rcrohtionoftli* 
faK, That if the King_ fliall, under hit Hand, di- CommoiK u t* 
rcaed to both Houfes of Parliament, fend unto V^*fJ« ,hd 
him, or any other Commander in the Service of King 'to iheir 
the Parliament, any Lettir or Mtjfage concerning *™1'' 
Ptacty the fame {hall be immediately conveyed un- 
to the Houfes, to be conlidered of by both Houfes, 


3^6 7& Parttam^ary History 

inc. II Cir. I. and by the Commiffioners of ihtf ParUameitC of 

. Z'^^- . Scetland. 

ApriL ■'■ * Th*t no Commanded in Chkf, Officer, or 

Soldier wfaatfocver, in the Service of the Parlia- 
ment, (hall, otherwifc than as aforsfaidf entertain 
or receive any Mell^ or Overture of Ptaee from 
the King, or any other Pcribn adhering to himy or 
in Arms againft the Parliament. 

3, * And In cafe any fuch Perfon fliall preTumd 
to make any Overture of Peact^ otherwife than as 
aforefaid, he fhall be apprehended and proceeded 
^ainft as a Spy, according to the Rules of War.* 

The Committee of the Army was ordered to 
fend thefe jTrfw to the General and other Officers 
and Commander* ir^ the Service of the Parliament} 
the Care of which was particularly recommended 
to Lieutenant-Gencral Cromwell. 

Fmr man Pi> -i^iV 27. The Commons took into Conlidcra- 
fcn iTom the tion four Poptrs from the Commiffioners of the 
1^*^^^ Parliament of Scatland, which were read. Thefe 
tottiuHoufc. being very long and tedious, we fhall give Mr. 
Rujbwarth's Abftra^t of them ; obferving that, in 
his ColIiSitHt, they are placed inftead of thof^ ^^- 
nexed to that Prt/act, which had given fuch Of- 
fence to both Houfes as to be ordered to be burnt 
by the common Hangman, fome Days before {i). 

The firft Paper contained their Anfwer to the 
whole Prepojhtmj of Peace. 

The Second contained the Reafons of their Dif- 
ferences about the Prsptfitiem concerning the A£- 

The Third contained Citations of PalEiges out 
of feveral Declarations of the Houfes, concerning 
the Militia and Uniformity in Religion. 

The Fourth -contained Reafons why the Treaty 
made at Edinbtergh^ Nov. 28, 1643, is a Treaty. 

In thc^r/i Paper they remonftrate thus, ' As the 

* Matter of Religion, by reafon of the Neceffity 

' and 

{I) Tbe fccond Fefer in the CiBiBlna, is flyled tbe Third in the 
J'nnMA { the Thiid, the Fouth J uid tbt Fouitb, the Second. 


?^ E N G L A N D. 367 

' and incomparable Excellency thereof, deterveth An. ** Ctr. i. 

* the firft Place, and before all other Matters to . '^'' , 

* be (ionfidered j fo it hath been always, in all our j^l^^ 

* Undertalcings, the prime and ghiefefl: of our In- 
< tentions and Defires, and, in all our Aftions and 

* Sufferings, our grcateft Comfort and Encourage- 

* ment ; and which being eftablilhed according to 
' the Covenant, we are very confident to give and 

* receive Satisfa^ion in ail other Matters ; and 

* without which the Church and Kingdom of 

* Scotland having been, from the Corruption of 

* this Fountain, overwhelmed with a Deluge of ■ 

* Miferies, although they had all Things befide, 
' cannot be fatisficd, nor think themfelves fecurcd. 
' And we confefs that it is to us, and td that Church 

* and Itingdom, no fmall Matter of Sorrow, that 
' after fo folemn a Covenant^ and fo many Protef- 

* tations and Declarattens, the Reformation of Re- 

* ligion fliDuld fo long ftick, and be fo much db- 

* ftru£led in this Kingdom ; which we hoped in 

* the Beginning, when both Kingdoms entered into 

* Cevtnanty {hould long before this Time not only 

* have been eftablUhed here, but propagated to 

* other Nations groaning under, or in Danger of, 

* the Yoke of Antichriftian Tyranny; and which, 

* upon the appearing^ of the Light, and the new 

* Dawnings of the Day in this Ifland, werebegin- 

* ning to lift up their Heads in £xpe£tation of their 

* Deliverance and Comforts : We do therefore de- 

* fire, particularly and explicitely, to know the Ar- 

* tides of Reformation and Uniformity of Church- ' 

* Government, contained under the general Pre 

* pofitions i all of them, after much Debate, being 

* long finceoiFeredby theAflembly of Divines unto, 
' and a great Part of them refolved upon by, both 

* Houfes, which may alfo, in a fhort Time, re- 
' folve upon the Remnant: By this Means we fhall 
' proceed the more diftin£tly and alTuredly ; and 
' thcfe Articles, formed up in a Model, may be 
' confidcred and granted by the King with the 
' clearer Knowledge ; which is very neceflary, 
' not only in other Proportions, which arc framed 


368 5^ ParUamemary M i s t o R ir 

1. 11 Cir. T. ( as particularly as may be, but alfo and efpecially 
'^4*.- , ' in the Matter of Religion. 
^'^ * This was the Courfe approved and obferved 

* at the Trca^ of Uxbridge ; where fo much as 

* was at that Time prepared for fettling Religion, 

* wasprefented. If we Ihould, without the Know? 

* ledge of Particulars, reft upon the general Propo- 

* fition. Peace might be fettled without the (ettling 

* pfReligion; exceptinfofar asibytheKing'sCon" 

* fent, the Power of Reformation is to be in the 

* Houfes, and Uniformity of Religion is placed Jn 

* the Parliaments of both Kingdoms; which doth 

* not anfwer our Covenant^ binding both King- 
' doms to the Exercifc of their Power, by their 

* Endeavours in the Particulars therein fpecificd. 

* Nor will this General give Satisfadlion to any of 

* the Reformed Churches, efpecially to the Church 

* of Scotland; nor will it be able to cure the prefent 

* Diftempersof Religion in the Church of £ngijni/, 

* which call for a prefent Reformation; nor fecurC 

* them or us from altering of that which is already 

* ordained ; nor be any Recompencc of the many 
*' Labours and Sufferings, and the much Expencc ' 

* of Blood and Treafure, in this Caufe. 

' Having pcrufed the fcveral Ordinances, Dlrec- 

* thnsy and Votes of the Honourable Houfes con- 

* cerning Church- Government delivered unto us, 

* which wc conceive will be the Matter of tho 

* Propojitidns of Religion, and in this Senfc only 

* we fpeak to them ; we do agree to the Direc- 

* tion for the prefent Eleflion of Elders, to the 

* Subordination of Congregational, ClafHcal, Pro- 

* vincial, and National AfTemblies ; . and to the 

* Direiiion concerning the Members of which 

* they are conllitute, and the Times of their Meetr 

* ing.i Only we dcfire that no godly Minifter be 

* excluded from being a Member of the Claffical 

* Prefbytery; nor any g»dly Minifter, having law- 

* ful CommlfBon, from being a Meiiiber of the 

* Provincial and National Affertibiies ; there being 

* the greater Need of their Prefencc and Afliftance 

* jnfuchAI&mblies, inthatthereareno RulingEl- 

* ders 


5f E N G L A N D. 369 

* jders to join with and afliff them. And Wc dcGre An. «i Cu, 

* that a fixed Time be appointed for the ordinary 

* Meetin? of the National Aff^nlhlv. wlch Power 

' Meeting of the National Affetnbljr, with Power r^ 
' to the Parliament to funimon them when they 

* pleale^t and with Liberty to the Church to meet 

* oftencTj if there fhall be neccffary Caufe ; the 

* ordiliary Meeting thereof belrtg moft neceffary 

* for preferving Truth ahi Unity In the whole 

* Chui-chj againft the Errors that may arife and 

* multiply in the Church, and egainft the Divifiona 

* and Differences that may diftra£l the inferior A(l 

* .fcQiblies of the ChiJrchj and for receiving and dc»- 

* termining Appeals from Provincial AJfemblieii', 
' .vrhich otherwife will be' infinite, and lye woe 

* long without Determination ; and the Exigence 
' of Religion fometimes being fuch, that it will 

* require ail extraordinary Meeting. 

* We agree to the Rules and Directions concern- 

* ing Sufpenfton from the Sacrament of the Lord's 

' Supper) in Cafes of Ignorance and Scandal : On^ - 

* ly we dcfire that the Congregational Eiderfhips ' 
•.may have Power to judge ih Cafes of Scand:ri 
•.not enumerated, with Libefty to the Perfons gries* 
*.red to appeal^ as in othef Reformed Churcbef. 
•This we Conceive to be w^Power no more arbii- 

* trary in this Church, than ilL.them who are It- 
'- mitted-by the Rules cxprefled in Scripture, and do 
• . excrcift ttus. their Power with fuch Moderatioir, 

* as is a Coipfort, Help, and Strengthening of Civtl 
■ Authority: The appointing of Provincial Com^ 

* miffioners, fuch as are appointed-in the Ordinaxce, 

* willminifter Occafjon to fuch Debate* and Dif- 
• . putes in this an3 other Cburchcs, as will be very 
*. unpleafant to Parliaments and Civil Powers ; will 

* miie a great ^ifconformity betwixt this and 

* other Churches, and i prcfcnt ildnt and Divifioh 

* in this Qiurch; is fuCh a Mixture in Church- 
•-Governmiiitils hath not b«6n heard of in any 

* .Chiirob^fbile this: Time ; may prove a Founll*- 

* tionof a«8w.'£pifcop»cyi. or of a High Cdnt^ 

* milConV iprKl::tbe Wotlc may be better done by 
<>«he Aifidftbti«i:o£.Mini{tcts and Ruling ;Elderl, 
t . Vol. XIV. A' a - * who 


3 TO 7&f Tarliameiitary Ffi s T o r i?^ 

a. *i Cif.'i.* Who have thisin their T^cclcfiaftical ChargeJ mA" 

'^*^' ^ -* will be no lefa tender of the Honour of Parlia- 

^' J ' * ment, by vrfibfc Laws they live and are proteft— 

'' ed, and as able andi wtlluig to givej.u{l Satif- 

' faiftion to the People, wbofe Confcieocct uid 

*■ Converfation are belt known unto tbcm, as any 

■•' other Prions whatfoevcr. Concerning thi Suf- 

, ■• penfion of the IWniftera thcmftlTiBa, aithouglr 

;•■ Scandal in then* deferveth double Cenfure, ytft 

* we conceive it to be moft agreeable,' that iSbKf 

* have theic Cenfure froitu the Clxffical or oriiCT 
■•' fuperror Aflemblics of the Church, wherc-there 
>" be Minifters-to judge them. We. do -iMo ^ret 

*'«0'tfac Ordiname for the Ordination of Minifters :' 
> only we defire itmay'he provided, Thititftatid 
:•* in-f orce for all Time "to comc^ 

• There be other Matter* contained inttfc'Or- 
^dijaneni as; The' Manner of' Snbordinitibn of 
^the'Afleniblies-of the Church tcrthc PsrliamcnV 
•■fomuch fubiea to Miflake;- the feemtag Ex- 
^ etnpti&n of (doie Sorts of Perfons -firdm the juft 
'*, ■ f Cenfures of the Church ; tbe adnii^ftrisg the Sa-^, 

•"cramertt to fomc Perf<»is i^iaitlft the GonlcicBce : 
,'■ of the Miniftry and EldeHbipi concemiffg pab-v 

* lie Repentance to be outy btjfeiethe-fiJd^rflfpa^. 

* and fuch like j which nay be i&xn into Cotifi- 
-(* deration, and, with fin^ Labour aiKl'AiteAooit,> 

.' .*~ be. determined to die greats SatiibSien tif-tttOBf.- 
'*~ As-for t)ieRemnant,concei^ingtbe pe^ltetHUOf- 
'*~ iicerB of the Churph,<and tbcir OfSaif% the Op-- 
.■ der and Power of Chureh-A&mUies'; tite Or-' 

. * 'der of public Repcntaiiee, and of proceeding to 
'*' Excommunicatioii and AhfolatioD ; w« ddluc 
'*' they be agreed Upon accord mg to th» Cdtma nt y. 
''*- and tiie Advice of -the Divines of both King^-- 
'* . doms, . ]6ng fince ofltred to both H<)ufiu'; whidL' 

* being done, they may be preTehtlT drawn in %■ 
-* Method, and' formedlip in i Model of ' Chsidi-- 

.■ ■ •*r Government in three Dayst to the Q^ietii^ tbe 
-* Minda of ^l the. Godly conceraiag ^ pwti^ 
'* cnlar Meaning of both tCiogdomv in tbe Matter 
,*■ of RdigiOR, to the^mt CooMitt«f the Refionir- 



\ td Churche.'; ; and which will both make us d'tC- An. : 

* tindtly tb know whst wc deiAand, and the King 

* what he doth grant. ^ 

As to the 18/A Pr(tpifithn touching the Militia, 
they Tay, ' We dcfire that the Militia may be fd 

* iumly fettled, as neither the King nor any other 

* may be abie to difturb or infringe the Peau noW 
^ to be agreed upon j and although it be out Judg-' 

* meutj Tnat the former Pr^pojittens (viz. thofe of 

* Vxhridgt) are a thore firm Security for coB- 

* ferving the Peace, and a ftronger Bond of Uni' 
f ty betwixt the ftingdoms than the new, and 

* are therefore defirous the Houfes would be pletf>' 

* td to fehd the fbrtoeri which being grantedby 

* his Majefty, we think the Militia perfefily fei 

* cured, and that the War Ibould not be continued 

* by infifting on the new PrtpefitiBtu ; yet, left 

* our Difagtennent herein with the Houfes ibould 

* be a Hinderajicc to the fending 6f Prefafitteni, 

* that we ihajr teflify how defirous we are, fo far ai 

* in uslic«ttogiv6^eHoufes&atisfa<Elioii;andb6w 
' much we value the fpeedy fettling of the Peaceiof 

* tbefe Kingdoms above our own Intertft, (provid-* 

* ed that it be lutderAood to be*without Prejudice 
- * to ^ £^t and Intcreft of the Ctowtiy which 

* we underftafid to be conjoined with the refpe^v* 
^ Parliunemi in the Militia of both KingdoBis, 

* and not to be abfolutely in the King hunfelf} 

* and chat the King and his PoActiiy be not totally 

* excluded} and rendered incapable to concur with 

* their Parliaments for prote^il^ of their Subjects, 
' and oppofing the £natnicl tif the Kingdoms } 

' * and. provided that it be without Prejudice to 

* tbe feveral 'trteties between'tfie Elii^gdiofns) w« 

* do confent that the Power,. £^erctA, astlMaaag' 

* Ing.of the Militia in each K-Ht^fdAih, bffcttKd 
f iD'Ae Patliameats of either Kingd»n t^pedt<v«' 
■ ly, for fuch a Time as fludl be mu^»Uf .aucok 

* Vpo;^ ; and, after the Expiration of tbn Tnaa» 
fi that the Milttia be fettled and eicercifed m Iticli 

* Manner, and by fuch Ways and Means, as fliaU 

* >e agreed. upon by his MajeAy wul tlw Patlia' 

A a 1 *ai9nc-i 


2J2 TZv Paf-Uammtary H i s t R V 

A>. II Car. I. * ments of either Kinf;dom rerpedtively ; wtieret^ ■ 
y ^ "^* „ . f ' the Power of the Militia of England and Irelmd; 
Afii. ' which, by the former Fropojhmis, was in thrf 

* CommilBoners of both Kingdoms, will be in the 

* Houfcs of Parliament ; the People will be fecur-i 

* cd from alt Apprehenfions of Dangers by reafoti 

* of the lit'e Troubles i and the King, who Is ond 

* of the three Eftates of the Kingdom, will not W 

* for ever excluded from that Juft Power and Infcr- 
' eft in the Mjlitia^ by which he may concur with 
' thd Parliament irt Defence of the Kingdom.' 

' And ibr this, in their Second Fopir, they affigtl 
particular Reafons ; as, ' 

■ \Ji, ' That, by' the Fundamental Laws anJ 

* Qondant Practice of the rttoft l^al and beft re- 
*-. gulatcd Kingdoms, and by the Law* and Pnwfticrf 
' of thefe Kingdoms, declared to the World by* 
' the HoRourable Ho'ifes, the Pffwcr of War and" 

* the Militia is placed id the Kiilg and Parliament f 
\ and fo acknowledged by all that write upon this 
' Sibjefl for Parlistiimts ', which is dircflly con- 
■ trary to this new Frofefman, by which thcWhoM 
* ' Power of the Militia is folely placed in the Houled 
\ of Parliament, and the Crown excluded for ever; 
. iw!^, * Becaufe in the Petilions, Mrffageiy and 

! DttlaratioHi fcnt to the King, ctAitted to thd . 

* Kingdom and' to all the WorU, ^t have proi 

* felled, That no mere Was fought concerting di* 
' Militiai. but that it might be intmfted to fucM 

* Perfons as the Parliament ftionld nominate and 
\ approve, and mieht confide in, without Diminu- 

* tton of the Kliig^s Authority or iuft Power J and 
<-'[nade Profcflions to prefervc and dofend the ^ng'l 
f Perfon and Authority. Thatthe World may b^ 

< Wicnefs with our ConfcienceS of our Lojral^ . 
^ and that we havs no Thoughts or Intentions td 

* diminifli bis Majefty*s juft Powef;and Grcetnefs; 
i.- was ufed as a fpccial Argument to perfuade Sf*/* 

*■ ^nd to join with Ettgi^md in this War ; and thi , 
*■ fame is a Part of the third Article in our CtVe^ 
i nant: And now to exclude the King and hisPo^ 

* fterity for ever froqi the Militia wiil be undir< 

' . ' • flood 


tf E N'G LAND. 373 

^ Aood tg be an Alteration of the Fundamental .Ao. n Cir. it 
■* Government, contrary to the former Rifeiutiom , '^*^ , 
f nnd J^eclarations of both Kingdoim, amd not j^—u, 
' agreeable to our Coverwnt. 

^dlyy ' Becaufc the fettling of the Miilcla, ac- 

• cording to the new PrapaJ/tion, may difablethe 

• Crown ffom ever performing that Duty which all 
-' Kings, by their Royal Of^ce and Oath of Co- 

• ronation, are bound to perform, and their Sub- 
' je6ls, by their Oath of AHegiance, bound W »(- 
f fift ; for the Proteftion of their Etubjefts axA the 

• Laws, for oppofing their EnemiesJ and keeping 
f Friendfliip aifd Corrcfpondence with thejr,^l.les. 

^thfy, ' Becaufe hereby, in one Age or ano» 

• ther, Differencee^ may hence aj-ifc between th« 

• Kingdoms bejng fcparated in their MiUtia j yea, 

• in any one of the Kingdoms, the King's Pofte- 
V rity refleiling on the Power of jheir Prececeflors, 

• may te foon incited to en4eavour, byncw Stirs, ' 
f t9 regain it : Whereas the Power remaining in 

-• them, with the ^dvice of their Parliaments, may 
' preferve the Kingdoms in Peace ; guo aquUremf 
f effirmtreip, Paam. 

Lafify, • The fending this Propofitian is like to 

• cut off all Hopes o( Peace; fince his Majefty, la 

• fevcral Declarbtism. hath avowed. That albeit ht 

• weri vanquijhed and made Prifonery be would quit 
' bath bit J^Jiate and his Life, before he would thus 

■ * laerimjn tie Crept, and depofe his Pofierity : And 

• then let any Man judge if this be the fitteft Way 

• for i. fpeedy and durable Peace, which, in Truth, 

• is the Sum of dl our Defires.' 

Their Third Paper was only a Golledion gut of 
r^nd Declaratims of the two Houfes, of Profcfr 
(ions of their Refolution^ for Uniformity of Relir 

flon, and Hating the Militia to be in the King and 
arl lament conjundly. , 

Their Fourth Paper was tp prqye, * That tfa« 
« Refult of the Committee of both Kingdoms at 

• Edinburgh, Nov, 28, 1643, ^^^ ^ Treaty} ani 

.< the Ground of comrovercing thereof was, becaiife . 
■ A a 3 * in 


374 ^ ParUfimentary History 

n. tf Cat. 1. ' in the I yb Prepajiiion, now offered to them, it Is- 

'^*^- ^ ' propof^d, That the two ^oufes at Wtfinunfttt^ 

April, ' ftiall have the Command of all the Forces in 

'i England aiid Ir.'and : Whereas, by the' Rcfult 

* aforcfaid, the Scots A,imy in Irelaiui was to be 

* commanded by the jparli^menC of Sestiand and 

* fuch as they fcouM appoint. To avoid which, 

* the Parliament of England no\^ difowned That 

* to be a formal Treaty between the two King- ' 
^ doms, but only a temporary Conceffion of the 

* Committee: ^nd the Scuts infiAed it was, and 
^ that it had all the ticceffary Formalities and Corr 

* roboratiops of a T'r^afy,' 

■ BeTides theft Exceptions to the Prtpt/kints 
drawn by the two Houfei, the Scots CommifllonBn 
^fo delired an Addition of two more, relating to 
the AdvahtagE of their Nation, viz^ 

I. * That in regard of the grea.t Advanti^e^ 
» which a Kingdorii enjoyeth by the Royal Pre-t 

* fence and ordinary Refidence t^f their Sovereigi^ 

* whh them, and the great Lofs and PrcjudicQ 

* which the other Kingdom doth fuftain through 
f their Abfence, (by the Rin^'a not underfUoding 

* the Difpofitionofthe People, or Condition of d»ei^ 
*. Affairs, but from the Information of others, be« 
S fides many other Prejudices,) we do therefor* 

* carnefily defire the Confent of the Hopourabl* 

* Houfes for fending to his Majefty a f^tpafaiti^ 

* That the King and the Prince, apd, after them} 

* their Heirs and Succeffors, (hall, at leaft one Yeai 
^ ih three, rcfide in Scotlmd, where they may per- 

* fonally djfcharge that Duly they owe to the Sub- 

* jeflsof that Kingdomj where Con fcieocc cannot 

* ailow them to be always Non-reiidents, nor d» 

* Welfare of the Kingdom difpcnfc with their 

* conAant Abfence. 

' 2. ' Upon the like Caufes aod Gnumds, wede* 

* fire the Honourable Houfes to concur w^th m in 

* a Dciire' to his Majefly, That, in all Placet of 

* Truft and -Offices about the King, Queen, apA. 
« Prince,, aiid the T?ft of his Royal OhJlditn, th«. 

■ ■ *equ(^ 


< ENGL AN D; 375' 

" equal. Half, or at leaft the. Third Part; may be *"• "" c«- ^ " 
-' of the Sail Nation -, left, by Time, they become . '^* ' - .> 

* Strangers e;tch unto other; which muft needs f^^^ 
!* produce m^y Inconveniences. And this we 

>* truft will not be -interpreted as the cafting ,in of 

* »ny [jCt or Hiflderance to retard the Prsfefititm i 
. '* fith the Honourable Houfes have given us fo gopd 

^ Hopes of their Confent, withoiit ©ebate, to fiiA 
■'• Pnpt^iem as we conceive to 'be conducive for 
■^ theG9ed.^Sccuri^qf,t^ KiojjdoiB qi Sat~ 
*. Iatt4-' 

AlthouA^eComtnons tedlc fhefelaA Paptt% 
■prefcnted by the Seatt Commiffioners, into Coofir- 
.deratipv from Time to Tam^ and there were long ■ 

^ebabs mti frequent I^ivifioi^s upon thni), yeC 
,we find no -Anfwcr thereto in the ysumals. It i» 
^ery prbbdble none was givcnj fc* m?. Holies, Who 
^appears to have been one of t)M Telleis jn almoft 
^sverjr QneftiQa th^ w» moved in favour of the' 
iSfaU, writes thus («}' * Malice againft the Seats car- 
jied tlwin [tiic Ituhpiiulmts^ to difcQver a manifeft 
SUghdng-aRdNegleCGi^ and -(thi^t ^ot fuiBcient- 
Iv provMiing) a violent Injuring wd A&ontin^ of' 
Ae^i. Firfti %ey vou(^f;^e ^ot 4o anfwer the i*^'' 
^/ th^ put into the Houfe, ,fome pat at all, non«. ^ 
grefeBdy.(3s&nncrly they were wont to do) nor in. 
,«iy cenycnioRt Time; but make them wait,Dtrs, 
- ,and WcAs, a^id Months, for a Return to what 
^e Coittnu^oners prefent from the Kingdom of. 
■$c«tiand, ' or from themfc^ves in the Name of th^t 
jKingdom. ' ■ . 

THc?." nothing clft in the' Proceedings of tfie 
f^ of this Moitth memorable enough for our . 
jPurpqfe; pnly that the {lOrds, having had no jfn-' 
Jaurto Ae Parliamtmt's tetter fent to the Prince' 
"of Wales, riiou^t proper K) make fomc Inquiry 
.after it: They therefore ordered that the Speaker 

towld write a tetier to Sir Thomai, .Fairfax, to 
low of him whether he received fuch a Loiter 
A a- 4 - . fjy'gj 

(«) Mmi^, f. jj. 

r..„ ,Gt)l.H^lc 

376 5^ Pariiammiaty Ht sT o^i y 

B. 11 Cir. I. rrom the Houfcs of Parliament, and whcfi he feot 
''**■ , it to the Ptincc.. A Day or two after this, tho 
' j^ Lords werp informed that Mr. Stymtur latebr 

brought a Letter from the Prjnce, direifled tp both 
Houfes of Parliametit; and, bec^iife the l<ord$ hqd 
heard nothing of it, it w»s ordered thaf the liMd 
Mr. Seylr.iuy flioul^ attend tl^e Houfe, to give aii 
^ccpupt thereof, >\ccordiflgly Mr, Seymaur ap^ 
pearcfl and faU, That b^ng fept by ttie Prince; 
with the Letiery he was coming two Plays ago to 
deliver it to the Lords, but their Houfe being up, 
and the Houfe of Commons hearing of it, they fenf 
fojt him, ?nd iie delivered the ^e««: ^o then^t 

iK Kiai le«e» ^^j^^ ' -j-jiij Month, facginf widi niore Misfor- 
jifc,"* ** ■■ t^nes attending the King- and his CJaiife, Many of 
tjie ^hief ^Jobility^ of the kingdom had now lef^ 
him, and thrown th^mfelyes upon the Mercy of ths 
^arliajnent ; fo that he had very fc.jv {(«ady Friends 
or Counfellors t)bot|t htiOi 

. Maya,. C«|- ^.a'mfhvrtugh'iaiormtA'^^'LoiA&a 
That fQur Day? aeo there came into his QuartCrsi 
Bear Oxfard, the Duke -pE ^ichmand and. the Earl 
of Lindfey, witji fqpie other Gentlemen, whd> 
were then at ^ai^Bck. JMja tliat, fjy feveial In-; 
fcrmatiQn'j, hc^ad (icaxd the King went out of 
(ixfiiiid, difeiiifed,' on'A^aaday the ^7111 ^!l. an^ 
oHy.Mr. Mibitrnbam antl Dr. I^dfin, a Minifter, 
with 1^'m ; .J'liat it ^yas likely hp wioqlc) come to 
^me Place in or Jiear Londoa, and lie concealed 
until he faw Occafion to difcover himfelf. — ■ ; 
But we fliall foon (ec to how great Extremity di- 
ftrefled Maj^fty was then driven. ' ;' 

' The (wo lail mentioned Lords were ordei;^ tq 
be t'alcen into Cullody of the Black Fi.odl, and con-^. 
dij£fett, yndei-' Colopcl Raln/hreugf/r Guard,' ti^ 
JViridfir- CaJIky there to remain till the fartjicr Ple*- 
iufii of the'Houfe wjis kt^own. " 

.■ May ^. The foUowipg ^^ter frqip thf toc4 
Ahrttaguf, one pF the. ComniUiioners if) the Scats 

■ '7 ':':: : ""' " A"°? 


■«/ ENGLAND. ' 377 

A^my before Newarif yf^ i^ad in the Houfe of An- iz Car. I. 

To the Right Honourablt t^ S pC a tl.B.% sf the 
Houfe s/ Peers. 

My Lords ^ 
.» I Here inclofed fetid your Lordftipi the Copies ijoten, tec. am- 
' I of our fecond Summans and the Anfujer there- ceraing dw Su»- 

* iinto. We are to meet with the Scin Commff- ^^ 1,**^ 

* (loners To-morrow in the Morning, at ^/r/ifer- ^,„^., yt^eo^ 

* ion ; and /hall, from Time to Time, gire your 

* Lordfhip an Account of our Proceedings. I aiq 

^"^'*'6^'' »9. .Jflw- Li)r4jhip't bumtle Servant., 

for the Governor of the Town and Garrifm of New- 
. ajk, the 'Gentlemen there, and the Mayor, Aldir- 
pun, and Bwg^ei, tf that Tmim. . 

' \H ^ ^Pi^.y^u \\2LSi cpnfidered that our Pa~ 

* Vr ^r, a? you tf rm it, contained a Summotii 

* .from us, and what we r^^ive from your marit) 

* no Reply, We >vere iji ear^ft, as to give- an 

* Account to God and .^lan of our Pioceedings, 
■ and to Ihew that nothing hoffx you .can.-binaer 
! our endeavouring thatyoupiayfee your approach- 

* ing ^uin j and, wbilft there is T>nie to, 

* we once more demand of ygu, jn the J^fame of 
f ,both Hpufes, of the Parliament pf England, and 

* for the Ufe of the King and jParliament, that you 

* forthwith deliver up' the Town and Gairifon of 

* Newark into their Hands ; and we {halt give you 
f Conditions for .the Surrender thereof, which you 
' muft not cxpcdt to be fuch as you might formerly 
f haye obtai^icdi yp>ir'po;(VficceptIng of what is 
f ofFered, Wiji declare you. ate feniible of> the total 

* tofe of your E^^^tes, -^eDeyaAation oi" the 

f .Qoupuy rpujid about you, of "jh« Ruin lif the ■ " " 

* Town, afld of the^loO}! vjiicjipwyelfcbcfpilt^ 

, iy^9 




The ParBameMary History 

Ctr. !. * We fhall expert your poTitivc Anfwer, To-mor^ 
' row by Three in the Afternoon, at Baldertn. 
Signed in the Name ami hj the Warrmt of tbg 
Cammittet af hath Kingdtms. 
Ctm<^«m, Aptav,, E. MONTAGUE. 

»^*- LOTHIAN. 

'the Akswbh ia tht firtgth^ 'Su.UMOKQ. 

TH £ ConfidcntTon of what js required ip 
your fiwRnMi of Mtmiay laft bt^g of fe 
high Conceraaieat to his Majcfty, and to the' 
particular Interefii of very many of tn^ fiudiAiI' 
Subjects in this Garrifon, I conceive a flu»tcr 
Time than Ahn^ next will not be fitlEcieot to 
prenare Articles of fo divers Nature^ as a^ ne? 
ceflary to be treated on ; at which Time I wiH 
not fail to fend fncfa to yoa, and upon your AA- 
fenttathem, fumoder the Town : l|ithenea» ' 
Tine I here ftnd ywi the Kama of fiu^ Cobi- 
miffionera for the Nobility, Gentry, Soldiay, 
Cleisyj and Townfinen, as I do intruft for the 
treating upon thofe Amdca with an equal NuSh^ 
her pf youra, vAxok Namce I fluU dcGrc by the' 
next, ud ttuit you will appoint fuch a Place w 
you Aink flwft convenient for the ^rtatj ; and 
do furdter expeft, that a Sa(e-Gondud be grant-' 
ed, and Hm^es deUrcred, for the Security of 
the Commifioncn ^i^doyed by me, viz. the 
Xioid Lexingtemj Mr. Baltafift, Sir Brwn Pdbms^ 
Sir Gtruafi NtvrH, Crfoncl D'^Jrcf, Major-Gc- 
nend Efre, Sir Sifnen Fanfiatv, Sii Gamautl Dudr 
hf^ Colonel Gi^r Colonel Mini, Dr. Aiarfi 
Dean of TW, and Mr. SttnuSflt, Aldcnnan.' 

Afril^ iM. J. BEIyl^YSE, 

?Mrf!^i^ The fiune I>ay the Comraona fent up to Ae 
totbtpuUk- Lords the Lttttr from the FHnceof ffakst wWcK 
nan*) innti. wBs incloTcd in tme kom. the Lofd Htpfan, atid 
^tWu'f^ **^^ ^" another iMter from Sir Thsmai Fairfax ^ 
fit, ^ fvhich wore-rg&dv follows: 



c/- E N G L A N '0. 379 

jPar the Honiiurahle William Lenthall, Bfy.*^' "^' 
Speaker af the Hvufe of Commons. ■ 

Mr. Speaker^ ***''• 

* nn HE inclofeJ is the Anfwer I received from 

* '■ Scilly to the Letter you fent his Highnefs, 

* whnfe own Avfwer to both Houfes arc fent up- 

* by Sir Jijeph Seymaur (o). What is defired con- 
' cerning the Prince's Tutor, I leave wholly to 
f your Confideration, and reft 

Tcur moji humble Servant, 


Far Sir Thomas Fairfax, General, 
S IR, 

I S Hi^Hi^ Fecelvet^ a tetter from the 

Speaker! of both Houles of Parliament by 

» a Tr«oq>Mer of yours, which he delivered with 

* his own Hand, aceor^ng as he l%id his Order 
*' yna. His HiehiKfs hath fent his jfHfwer by diis 

* Gentleman, &if yo/ef^ Seymur, I have here 
f no Tfonpattr to fend with him, and ainft thdC'- 
f fon pny yoti to excufe that Form. His High- 
t nefs dflfirt* you would give this Gentleman hie 

* Pafs to go t^ lt»td9n with (his LttUr, and to re- 

* turn to niffl in the Ifle of 'J^rfej, Hie Higbnei* 

* llkcwife deflrce you will gire your Pafs to his Tu- 
t tor, the Bift<^ 1^ Salijhry, with his Family and 
4 Scrv^Ui, to co^ to him to Jeffey y and To I 
» reft. 

In' iji Tsv" Servant., 

^' . ' - HOPTON. 

To die Loms and Commons alTembled ia the 

Pai^iaotent <X England. 

M^£ have received ytur Mtfp^e of tht y^b af 

'^ March, tb* i\tb af tbii prefent, by vihtcb 

jwa, being informed af cur late Remove into this 


ttie Parliimeot did not adpit my TilUi or HonoWi coofwwd Vf the 



380 The Parliamentary History 

1. as Cw, I. IJJiind tf Scilly> da invite us to tome furthmth tutu 
^**^ . yaur Quarters, and to refide in fuch Place, and loith 
fttf. f"^^ Council and fuch jfltmdants abeut us, as ytu, the 
two Houfis, pall think fit to appoint. 

IVe have 9 great and earnefi Dejirt it he amengfi 
- S'K'y if '^^ 'flight have any Affurance that it would 
freve an Expedient teuiards a lleffed Peace and the 
Compofuri of thefe miferable Dijlraaions ; and there- 
fore, when we ^vere ea/npcHed to depart from Corir- 
walJ, vje chofe this pear Ifiand tf refidt in, tvhere wt 
heped we might have fecurelj aitendtd God's PUa- 
fme, till we might have been made an Inftrument lo- 
xoardt a happy Peace ; but the Scarcity of Pravifims 
ieingfuch in this Place, that we ffoye not fin^t f$tr 
eemsng hither, which is now about fix ff^eeis, rtceiV' 
edone Day's ViSlual,' though we left Servanis af tur 
tarn in our Duchy of Comwail to take Car? fir iuk 
ifeffffary Supply, we ore eigqin compelled to rePipve t9 
t^ Ifiand of Jcrfey, whither we hope God Abnighiy 
VJtU direS us j which Plate we chofe the rather , at 
well being Part of tit Dtmittiem of tur Royal Fa^ 
iheTj (wbiclf as yet ft evfdeni to you we have no Pur- 
pofe t» quit) a( being mftch nearer to you, andfo fitted 
fir Correfpendency ; and, therefore, that w* may thi 
bitter receive Addict from you^ with which'wefbaU 
always comply as far af with our Duty and Piety we 
xiayy we iefire yoit U fend to uf a Safe-OoniuSl for 
• the Lord Chapel to come to you, and to receive frant 
yofi fuch particular pr^fitionsfor our Welfare and 
Subfftance as you think fit to maie ; and that he may 
then attend our Royal Father, and return to ut at 
Jerfey ; and thereupon we hope, by the Blefftng ff 
Godj yeu will receive fuch Satisfaition as /ball Ufiiff 
the great Defire we have, ana JbaU always have, to 
fpUm. the Ceunfel and Advice you jhall give ; wbiA 
will be an unfpeakabU Comfort to us. 
• Given at our Court in the Iflcof 5o7,^, the 15* 
of Jpril^ 1646, 


' After the Reading of this moving Letter from 

ijie Pripce, [be Lwcia itnmediateiy appoifited 4 

poqitnittef ^ 

r..„ ,Gt)tH^lc 

e/ E N G L A N D. 381 

Committee of five of thw Houfe to draw up an *^ 
Anfuitr to it. 


Thelaft Proceeding of this Day, worth Notice, M»y, • 
was the Lords Concurrence in a Vtti Tent up by 
the Commons, ' That it be hereby declared by OrJen <^°^ 
the Lords Snd Commons in Parliament aflerabledt witWnltii^'^ 
That what Peribn foever, who fhall harbour or himfcff &i>m 
conceal, or know of the harbouring or concealing ^ Oifori. 
the King's Perfon, and fball not reveal it imme- 
diately to the Speakers of both Houfes of Parlia*- 
ment, (hall be proceeded againft as - a Traitor to 
the Common-Wealth, forfeit his whole Ellate, and 
die without Mercy.'— — Ordered alfo, at the feme 
't'ime, ' *rhat the Committee of the Militia of 
Lattdsn be defired to ^ublUh tt^s Order by Beat of 
Drum, or Sound of Trumpet, in die Citiesof 
■Ltndtn and WtftmnJltTy and the Lines of Com- 

The rtoufes Were not loAg in a State of Un- 
certainty, in relation to the Place of th^ King's 
Retreat: For 

May 7. A tetter was read in the Houfe of *«^^gw 
Lords, from the Lor^ Mentaguty with fome others ^,— «ww 
inclofed, by which their Doubts, indeed, weretlutU* U^^ 
taken off, but. their Fears were increased, by his J^*"?^ ** *" 
M^efty's fudden and furprifing Rcfol ution of throw- ■**•*• 
inghitnfelf into the Hands of the Scoti Army then 
before tfeuiark ; the Tenor of all which was as 
follows : The firft Lttter was thus direded, 

Per the Right HoHourabU the Speaker tf th 
Houfe «/*?££&$ pro Tempore. 

JHc^ it fleafi yettr Ler^p^ 

* \T7 E were this Morning, about Ten" rf thfe 

* W Clock, credibly informed that the Klng^ 

* with three others, came in g;reat Speed this Morn- 

* ing, about Seven of the Clock, to Sautbwel/f and 

* went to the Houfe <tf Moa&eai: A&ntrevi&i thft 

* /V^m^ Agent. 



3S2 ^e. ParUantentary H 1 8 T s f 

1. 11 cw. I. < About T*clve this Day two of the Seats Corii■^ 
*^^' • miffioncrs brought us a Ltttfr, a Copy whrireo' 
■M— * ie here inclofsd. The two CommiffioiicrE pre-* 

* fently returned, and, in this Surprife, we c<Hi]dmA# 

* at the preretit, think further than to dellre of them 

* that hit Majefty might not remove^ which they 

* approved of; and that we might fpeedily meeli 

* the reft of them at FariniJatii which wa* con-' 

* fented unto. We are now going thither accord-* 

■ ingly, andihainmitiediatety advenifeycftirLonl-i 

* fhips of our furtberPfoceedings } and webefeech 

■ to luiow the Pjea&ne of the Houfetj witball pof-' 
< fible Specdj how we &all dits& attd guide our^ 

* f^cs hcrcuit 

r^,M tit Ltf. .pafi bumbU StTVmtUi 

gtirtifirtKtm- " 

Sh t«.l!*^ - t. MONTAGUE. 

ts»r. iV' 


The LttUr referred to ib the foregoing was a* 

S«r Ibt &i^i Hani the Coi^missiok^rs af ihi 
Parliament tf England^ 

SaUthtutBf M0f Sr 1646^ 
Right HttKknAlet 

* "^iiZ DifchamngoufmvesOftbeJOutywf 

* M. , am te theKingdom of £k;Jit«/..and un-: 

* to you as ComDiiffiohers from the fame^ moves 
> uS'to acquaint you of the King's comifigtato our 

* Army this Morning ; /Wbich has overtaken u» 

* uncxpeAedly, filled us with Aniazemcnt« and 

* made us like Men that dream. We cannot think 

* tbait he fbould be fe ill advifed in his {tefolotiansy 
■ aS40'have caA himlclf u^n us vHhQut m xcal 

* Intention to ^ve full ^ti^dion to.bPth^King' 

* doQs in all thar juft and reaibaable Dffnands> m 

* all-^hofe Tfaingsthattioncfim'RdigianavdJRjgb- 

* tcoufnefs. WbatfoeverbehisDi(^fitiqiv'atl^Ke' 

* foUltions, you may be fure Ihat we' fball never 

* entertain 


■ ti^OLAti D. jffj 

y d^tertain any Thought, or correfpond with any *"■ =* C«r. t 
' Perlbn, , nor countenance any Endeavours, chat . '^* ' . 
niay» m aiiy Circumftaiice,; entrench upon jhe ■ M»y." 
Le^ue and Cmtnant^ ot ireskea the l/nkm or 
Conftdence betwixt the tw« Nation*; Thatr 
Union was unto our Kingdom the Matter of 
many Prayen 9 and as nothing was moic joyful 
to us than to have it fet on Foot, fo bkherto we ' 
have thought apthing too doar to maintain it ; 
aiid we truft to walic with fuch Faithfulnels and 
Truth in. thit Particular, ;hat as we have thff 
Teftimony of a good Confcicnce within oasUhm^ 
-To you« and all the World, Ilaall fee -#e mind 
your Intereft with as much Int^rity amd Care at 
our own, being confident you wSl cnteitaia na 
other Thoughts of us. 

Signed by Warrant and Command tf At Cmamf' 
jOMTi tf tht ParluimeM ef Soodand,: kf ■ 

Next^a LtiW, fioai the Sots, CoumiffltHien w- 
fiding in Ltnden, was nad : 

ter tht -Jii^il HauufaUt tht SrtA K-E^lt t/ thf 
Htuft ef P CIS. s pro Tempore. 

Mj ttrd, 

' T lAVfKg iecdved no 'other Adveitifement,. 

* A X. neidier Axon the Committee of £ihite» 

* with the SaOt Army,, nor by any other tVay j 
' but that we hear Ais AftEeraoon, thjd Lctten are 

* CMne to the Honourable Houfes, giving Nbtice 

* that &e King is come to the Scots Atmy near 
. * NtvMirk i we have judged ic ineumbent on us tv 

* prelent to the Houfcs,.that, if his Majefty be gone 
** tliitheT, we are vary conBdeM that the Lord- 

/ Genend and Committee of that Anny, frota 
. * whom we expeA to hear fpeedily, will do that 

* which beftbdeems their Places, and Truft to the 
, * Good of the Kingdoms^ accoiding to the Ccn- 

j * ditroos- 


384 ^ ParUamenteify H i s i' 6 H r 

1. IS Cir. t • dttions of the mutuial Covenant and Trmiy btf" 
■ '*^*' . * twixt the two Narions ; and we defwe that, by 
j^^ * common Advice, the prefent Opportunity may 

* be improved ftr fcttfing of Religion arid the Pea<fe 
' of both Kidgdobis ; which; as it hath always 

* been, fo it Is noWy and ft^t ever be,- the eametb 

* De&e and conftant EndeaTOun of 

tittr L^ijblft ■ ■ 

ViTf afealonale Friendt 

Mi^%,x6^. and bimhk Stnimtiy^ 

touDOK. . Hem. Kennedy. . 

Lauderdale. Rob'. Baiklav. . 

a. johkston. 

Thri ftffic Day a Conference was held, 6y tie-' 
Gicfof ttie-Houle of Commons, at which they pro- 
duced Tome Letters from their Commilfioners be- 
Jon Ntviuri,e,xj£&.y to the fame Tenor as the for- 
mer; except a Letter from Major-General PswiXy 
vbo commanded the Englijb at the Siege, and an 
Abftra& of a French Letter^ wbkh we here fub- 

Far the Htmurakle William LESTHALli, Ef^, 
^aier of the Houfe of Ctmmtm, 

S I R^ May ^, 1646-. ■ 

? ^ Sent you this Day Notice of a Relation of 

* X the King's Coming to the Stels Quartet's, the 

* Confinnation whereof I conceive to be a Bu- 
' finds of that Confet^ueiice, that I pofled away 

* my ^Secretary to aflure you that he is. fafely fe- 

* cured at Kelham by the Senti. 

* OurProccfs in the Treaty was in great For- 

* wardnefs, but we now 'rather expeflhii Majef. 

* ty's CtMnraands for a Surrender than tfie PttjJe- 

* cution of a Parley ; however, in a few Days I 

* fliall be able to give you Satisfaftion therein ; in 

* the mean time this, and the BeaAr, with my 

* humble 


{/■ £ N G L A N D. 385 

* humble Service, I defire prefented to the ** •• c^. t, 

* Houfe from . '-._ ' , / 

Tear moft humble Btrvmtj u»j. 


P. S. * The Bearer will give you our Condi- 

* tion more pctfe^y, if you pleafc to com- 

* maxid it.* 

Next was read a Ltlitr fcnt from the Agtnt'fot 
the Farliameiit of England at Paris. 

Minute ef a Letter frsm Mmfitwr AeoiER^ 

_^«flt Paris, of ^Sj^ 1646J 
•AT laft thft Princa Of Woks is at Jirft^ : .^ . 

* A The Queen his Mother doth fend Mr^ %Yfm^. \ 

* ftrmyny his Brother Captain Ceeky and fdmc Agtnt m fh • 
' others, to fetch him hither, where he will 

* expeA what will be the King his Father's Suc- 

* "^'* ... ■ i ■ 

' Monday laft the faid Qti^h received IntelU- 

* g^nce he would gb out of Oxfird^ in fpite of his 

* Biiemies, to join the Scm^ as being agreed with 

* them: Many do flatter tbemrelves as if the laid 

* Prince would be Tent into Sc»iand to raife Moti' 

* trofi't Party again, becaufe the King could not 

* do it himfclfi' 

The Commons likewtfe faid, at this ConfCrenciii 
That, upon ferious Debate of the foregoing Let- 
itrSy they had pa&ed two f^iJes^ vix: 

1. Ot-deredi by the and Commons iii Par- fte cimawA 
liaincnt, * That it be defired of the Scats Cointnif- nkHc to fdtf 
jioners that were refideht with their Army Before ™L^|f| g*.. 
Ntvjark, and alfo of their General thct-e^ that the 

Perfon of the King might be dlfpofed of to fiich a 
Place, within this Kingtiotn, as the two Houfes 
of Parliament Olou Id appoint. 

2. Ordered, ' That the Placfe to which the Per- 
ibn of the King Jhall be difpofed of: ihall be War- 

VoL. XIV; B b iwVi 



386 "TBe Parliamentary History 

An. 11 C»r, 1. jfilck Caftle.' But it facing iate, the Lords put ofF 
. ''^' . the Confideration of thcfe Vaus till next Day.— 
^jy_ Accordingly 

May 8. We find that thefe two Vatfs were very 
warmly debated in the Houfe of Lords for a long 
7ht H^fe of Time, and the Queftjon being at laft put,- Whe- 
LoidsdiftgreeinMher this Houfe agrees with the Houfe of Com- 
' mons in the flrft Vole as it was brought up from 
them ? it pafled in the Negative. The following 
Lords begged Leave, before the putting the Quef- 
tion, to enter their Dillent, if it was carried againfE 
Denbigh. , Salisbury. 

Northumberland, Nottingham. 

Pembroke (jBi/ Mont- Say uBifSEtK. • 
•" GOMERY. Grey. 

Kent, Howard.,- 

Middlesex. Whartok. 

The fame Q^ieffion beii)g after put on the fe- 
Qond Vote, relating to the particular Place where 
the King {hould be carried to, this alfo palTed in th£ 
Negative. But the following Lords entered a Pro- 

' tell, with their Reafons, againft this and the former 
Vott : A Cuftom very rarely pra^Ufed in tlw Houfe 

, of Lords at this Time. 

After reciting both the Vetes, as before, they 


t"tkir Pioteft' ' \T/ E, whofc Names are underwritten, hav- 

' W ing, before the putting of the aforofaid 

« Queftion, demanded our Right of Proteftation, 

* if iheQueftion was carried in the Negative, as 
' it was; and finding, by ie««rj of the 6th Inftant, 
' from the CommiffioneraoftheParliaroenl ofi'jf^- 
' iaj3ti, near Newari, this Day read in the Houfe 

* of Pecis, That ftrid Guards were kept by the 

* Seoti Army about the Houfe where the King 
* . then was, and none CufFered Accefs to his Pcrfbn 

* without their Permjflion, we conceive this to be 

* a Matter cf fo high Concern, both to the Par- 

* liamcnt 



* liamenC and Kingdom, (That in fuch a Cafe the 

* Houfes of Parliament fliould not defire that the 
*■ Perfon of the King of England may be difpofed 

* of to fuch a Place, within this Kingdom, as the 
' Houfes fliould appoint) That, to clear ourfelv«s 

* from the ill Confequences that may enfue ther^-- 

* upon, we have thought fit to enter this our DifTeqt 
.* and Proteftatioti againft it, which we do aq- 

* cording)/. 

MiDOLEsfx. Nottingham. 

Denbigh. Kent. 

Northumberland. Salisbury. 
PiMBHoKe md Mont- Say and Sele; 

■ The Letters referred to in the foregoing Pratf/l 
were read this Day in the Houfe of Lords, befose 
the Debate and putting the Queftion about the 
Votes ; but, for the Sake of Conncilion, we have 
placed that fif i);. Thefe contain aif Account of the 
Surrender of Newark, and the Articles on which 
is was yielded up ; the firft of them we fliall give as 
it {lands in the yimrtiali, bijt the latter, being rather 
Military than Parliamentary, and publiftied in 
Rufinoarthj is unneceflary here. Thus this gal- 
lant Town, which had flood a long Siege againft NcwmJc furrenj 
two powerful Armies, and at the lame Time had ^"'^ ^ *^" '*"''' 
the Mifery of a raging Peftilence within it, was fur- King'" Orderw 
rendered by the King's Command, when, in all . 
Probability, it might have held out much, longer. 

' The two Letters beforementioned came from the 
: Lord Montague, &c, and were addrefled to tha 
- Committee of both Kingdoms at Derby-Houfei 

! ■ Ji/If Lords, 

: * ^rEfternight, about fix of .the Clopfc, vre met 

^ * X with the Scots' Comniiffionera in the Mea- 

■ * dows betwixt Kulijdm and Far'ingdan ; and they 
> toid ua.the King was come Co Keiham to Lieute- 
* ijant-General David Lefley's Q^iarters, aaid that 

B b 2 'they 


3^8 The ParUamentary History, 

An. *i Cw. I.* they had been with him there j but could not ac- 

, ' ^ * quaint us with their RefoluUons till this Morning. 

^ * Strict Guards are kept on the Scsts Side near 

* Kelhafn, and about the Houfe where the King 
' now Ib, and none fuflered to have Accefs to his 

* PeHbn without their PcrmiiEon : But for Mon- 

* (leUr MantmiUe, in regard he is an Agent for the 

* French King, they cannot deny him to fpeak 

* with the King at his Pleafure ; but my Lorif- 

* General and the Committee atTure us, this Morn- 

* ing, they will be vciy careful that nothing Ihall 

* be done to the Prejudice of the Intereft of cither 

* Kingdom, and that they acquainted the Com- 

* tnlttee of Eftates in Scotland and your Lordfhips 

* with the King's Coming into their Quarters, and 

* iiltend to keep him in their Army till Advice 

* from them ; and further acquainted us, that the 

* King told them he would fignify to the Parlia- 

* merit what his Intentions were. 

< We {hall give your Lordfhips a further Ac- 
■ * count from TTimc to Time. 

BtU«*m.M^6. TmrLn-Mipt 

Humble Servants, 

E. Montague. EdwJ. Ascough. 


Wm. Armyn. Tho'. Hatche*. 

My Lords^ 

* '"T^ HE Treaty for the Surrender of Newark 

* X Is this Night concluded, a Copy of die 

* Articles is here iiiclofed fent (e). We beJeech 
' your Lordfhips we may receive your fpecdy Re- 

" * folutions for difpofmg of the Sceti Army, and 

* have your Lordflirps Affiftance to prevail upon 

* the Hoiifes, that fome Money may be fpeedily 

* fent to us for them ; thefe Parts being cxhaufted, 

* and VCT^ great Inconveniences will not clfc be 

* prevented, 

• We 
fi) In Rufimrih, Vol. Vt.p- 169. 

r..„ .,Gt)tH^lc 

sT E N G L A N D. 389 

* "We humbly defire to know the Comnund of *«■ *» c»'- i, 

* the Houfes, or of your Lordfhips, to theirForces , ' * , . 

* here, which will be readily obeyed ; and a good u„, 
*■ Account, wc are confident, will he given of them 

* wherefoever they go, for Fiidelity, Courage, and 

* good Difcipline. 

» Wc affure ourfdves *hat the Houfes, who gave 
'* the Glory to God, to whom all Praife is due, for 
■ their former Suocels, will appoint a Day of 

* Thankfgiving for this his Bleffing alio. 

•^"sS,'' ■'*'• [^'i'"' "• *'/"■'■ J 

After this the Earl of Manchejier reported a 
Iittttr which had come from the Committee of 
Scotland^ refiding with the Army before Newark j 
the Purport of which was to aiTure the Houfea 
that the King, when he came into their Army, of- 
fered the Town and Garrifon of Newark to be 
furrendered into the Hands of the Scots and Eiig' 
hjh CommifBoners ; but that they made it their 
Defire to the King, that it might be furrendered 
into the Hands of the Parliament of England only, 
for the better preferving the good Correfpondency 
between the two Kingdoms, and preventing of 
Jealoulles. The Letter itfelf runs thus ; 

Right HonBurahlty 
' I ^HE earnell Defire which we have to keep 7<k Scot, Cg^. 

* X a right Understanding between the two miffionm Ae- 

* Kingdoms, moves us to acquaint you with 1''^* I"?°."'{^l"*" 

* ftrange Providence wherewith wc arc now fur-iauiheuAi^. 

* prifed, together with our Carriage and Dcfires 
.* thereupon. 

* The King came into our Army Yefterday in 

* h private a Way, that after we had made Search 

* for him, upon the Surmifes of fome Pcrfons who 
, * pretended to know his Face, yet wc could not 

* find him out in fundry Houfes, And we believe 

* your Lordfhips will think it was Matter of much 

* Aftonilbment to us, feeing yre did not expert 

B b 3 ■ «he 


3^o The Parliamentary Hi et or y 

1. »i c»r. ^. « he would have -conie into any Place under our 
■^♦^- . ' Power. 

iil»j. ' ^^ conceived it not fit to entiuire into the 

' Caufes that perfoaded him to come hrther, but to 

* endeavour Aat Ws being here inieht be iti^ov- 

* ed to the beft Advantage, for promoting the 
' Work of Uniformity, for fettling of Religion 

* and Righteoufnefs, and attaining of Peace accoid- 
' ing to the 'League and Covenant^ and Treaty, by* 

* the Advice of the Parliaments of both Kingdonns, 

* or their Commifiioners authorifed for that Effeft. 

* Trufting to our Integrity, we do perfuadeour- 

* felves that none will fo far mifcoriftrue us, as 
f Aat we intend to malce Ufe of this feeming Ad- 
.* vantage for -promo ting any other £nds than arc 

* exprelied in the Covenant, and have been hitherto 

* purfued by us with no lefs Confcience than Care. 
f And yet, for further Satisfadlion, we do ingenu- 

* oully declare, that there hath been no Treaty or 

* Capitulation betwixt his Majefty and us, nor any 

* in our Names ; and that we leave the Ways and 

* Means of Peace unto the Po^ver and Wifdom of 

* the Parliaments of both Kingdoms : And fo far 

* as concerns us, as we have a Witnefs in Hea- 

* ven, we are confident to make it appear to the 

* World, that there is nothing more in our Defircs 

* than, in all our Refolutions and Proceedings, to 

* adhere to the Covenant and Treaty. 

* Our gi;aveft Thoughts fhall be taken up in 

* ftudying, 2nd our utmoft Abilities employed in 

* acting, thofe Things that may belt advance the 
' Public Good and common Happinefs of both 

* Kingdoms ; wherein, by (he Help of the Moft 
'* High, WE fliail labour to ufe fo much Tenderneis 
•. and Care, that we hope it fhall foon appear thit 
.' our A^iotis have been the Ifiue and Refult-of'ho- 
'* neft and fihglelntehtious. 

* And, furtner, we cannot, irt a Matter-of fb 

* deep Ccnfequence and cor.-.mon Intereft, but fpek 
f your Loidfhips Advice ; for which Effuctivife 

^f have alfo written to the Comlfitttee of Eftates df 

'f Scotland, with 'Tnieritions to move, by your joint 

' Counfels 


of E N G L A N D. jji 

* Counrds and Refolutions, that we at laft, after An. 12 c.t. 

* a Seed-time of many AlBifltons, may reap the *^ '' 

* fweet Fruits of Truth and Peace : And, in this . . . .jj',_; 

* Confidence, we remain 

Humbk ServantSy 
JjEven. R. Freebairm. 



Hume. J. Johnston, 


Next was lead a Paper, to back the former, 
,fnim the Scats CommiSioners reading in London i 
which was to this Purport ; 

May 8, 1646. 
' TP'P ^ Letter from the Committee of Eftates 
.* ',1 , of (he Kingdom of Sco^/aBi/ refiding with 
, ' ,tlie Scots hrmy^ directed to the Commiffioners of 
*. both Houfes, and their /.««?« to the Committee 
' of both Kingdoms, which we have received this 
' ' Moriiing, we are confident will give full Satisfac- 
,* tion to the Honourable Houfes, ftat his Majefty's 
* . coming into their Quarters was unexpected ; and 

* their perfuading of him to give his Surrender of 

* Newark unto the Committee of both Kingdoms 
' * for the Ufe of the Parliament,' will, no doubt, 

* be taken by the Houfes as a fufficicnt Teftimopy 

* of their Faithfulnefs, and Sincerity of their In- 
*■ tentions and Refolutions j which, we are perfuad- 

* ed in our Hearts, are no other than they have 

* been from the Beginning of this Caufe, to the 
' proffcjiting whereof, according to the Covenant 

* and "Treaty, they have, and ever will limit them- 

* felves in all Endeavours. 

' I'he earneft Defire we have, according to our 

* Commiflion and the Truft repofed in"us, to pre- 
' vent a]I Mifunderftandings between thefe,King- 

* doms, fo happily conjoined, and fo nearly tied 



39* ^ ParUamentojy HisToitv 

k s> Cm. I. * by the Satetm Ltagut and Cevnumt, hath infeiced 
' **• . ' IIS to make known to the Honourable Houfes 
j^i * what we hear commonly Jeported concerning 

* 5000 Horfe and Dragoons to have been Yeftcr- 

* d^ aa far as Banbury, upon their March towards 
f Newark; notwichftanding it is every where known 
' that Garrifon was upon a Treaty^ and is now to 

* be furrcndered To-morrow to the Commiffioners 

* of the Parliament, and none of the Scats Forces 

* to be placed therein ; which being confidered, 

* and that there is no Force of the Enemy's in 

* thofe Parts, we do earncftly defire that tiie Hor 

* nourable Houfea will be pIcaTed to ftop their 

* March, and to prevent every thing which may 
■f give juft Caufe of Jealoufy, or any ways weaken 

■• the good Correfpondency, or lerfen the Confi- 

* dence, that is between the Kingdoms. 

* As the CQmmittee of the Anny have declared 
.* that they are free of all CapitulaUons 01: Treaties 
' with bis Majefty, fo do we, for our Parts, de- 

* clare the fame to the Honourable Hou(i» and all 

* the World j and thaf his Coming to that Army 
,* was ftrangs and unexpedled to us, whereof we 

* never heard till the Letters came to the Houlcs 
,* from their CommiiEoncr? upon the 6th of this 
' Inflant : And we do folcmnly protefl and aOure, 

* That it is our firm and conffant Refolution ne- 

* ver to fwerve in the leaft from the Crotmmt and 
' Treatyf but to apply our Thoughts, by joint Ad- 

* vice, to do every thing which may procure and 

* fettle an happy and well-grounded Pfoce.' 

By Command ef the CommiJJioners fir the ParSa- 
\ ment of Scotland. 


The HouJe of Lords, taking thefe Papers into 
Confideration, refohed. That the prefent Letters 
from the Commiffioners of the Parliament, and 
from the Commiffioners of the Eftatcs of Scotland 
refiding :with the Army before Newark, and the 
Paper delivered in this Day by the Scots Commif- 
jG^ners, be made known to Sir Tbemas Fairfax; 


5f E N G L A N D. 393 

and that it be fignified unto him, that this Houfe Ab. a* Cu. t, 
thiqks fit that he fliould not fend any Forces to . * ' , 
Nnvark : And a Me(&ge was fent to the Houfe of j^,^. 
Commons, to defire a Conference thereupon the 
next Morning. 

It was alfo ordertd that thefc Lords following. The LoiJi «- 
Mz. the Earls of NarthumberloHJ, Deniigh, Man- ^'"i^r^fo'di^ 
thtjier^ ani Lirueln, Lord Vifcount Say and Sele, bmi Mbit toi- 
with the Lords, Rohtrts, fFlarttn, and PfiUeughhy «•• 
of Parham, fliould conftder of the drawing up of 
% Letter to be fent to the King from both Houfes, 
to propofe that all Garrifons may be flighted and 
difmantled, and all Armies and Forces, both in 
Enghnd^ Scotland, and Inland, and all other Forces 
whatfoever that have any CommiUlon from the 
King, may be fpeedily difbanded ; and that the Con- 
fent of the Sects Commiffioncrs be dellred therein. 

But the foregoing Lettirs did not much allay the 
Jealoufies which had long been, and flill increaf- 
cd, between the two Nations ; efpecially now that 
the Scats had got the King into their own Hands, 
and were fbong enough to keep him there. As 
one Inftance of the Englijh Sufpicions, the Scats 
Commiffioners fent a Lener to the Houfc of Lords 
this Day, Maj 9, complaining, ' That a Gentle- o^p,j„, ^^ 
man, employed by the other CommilEoners for the scon com- 
Scotland, and having their Pafs to them in io«(is»j miilioners in 
. was ordered to go back into Scotland vi\i\i their j;^(J^^,,^Jr 
letters and Pafs ; but was topped the Night be- flopped by tbt 
, fore by the Guards, or fomc other Perfons, in or ^'^^ 
about London, their Letters opened and taken from 
him> and himfelf kept up; which was an Injury 
they could not have expeiSed, but left it to the 
Wifdom of the Houfes to confider how important 
it was; and to take fuch Courfe for delivering their 
Letters, and repairing of this unjuft Action, as 
might be a Teftimony of AiFe6lion and Juftjce to 
(heir Servants, 

Loudon. Char. Erskinz, 

Lauderdale. H. Kennedy. 

A. Johnston. Robert BARctAv. 

■ The 


394 ^ Farliame^ary History 

An.- II cir. I. The Lords ordered that a ftriil Examination 
■ , '***• fhooM be made what Officers were upon Guard the 
Hit. '■''^ ^'S^i^) 3"'^ who flopped and took the Letters, 
and make a Report of it to that Houfe. ■ 

Two Days after. May ii, the Lords met, and 
a further Accgunr- was given to them of this Eu- 
Jinefs, under the Hand of one Captain Majpjy in 
■theie Words : • ' ■ , . 

Opt, Maffey'i * T Fram'ii Moffiy-, one of the Captains of Col. 

Rtifodi for fo ,t * Bradley's Regiment, having the Command 

^"^ ■* of the Guard at Shoredil^h, on Thurfday 'Hi^t 

'* laft, being ti^e 7th of this Inflant May, a Scoh 

' * Gentleman .was ftaid at the Paffage about Nine 

-* o'clock at Night ; who .being, as he faid, going 

■ •■ tp the S^ots Army, and {hewing no Pafs under 

*■ any Hand known to me, I caufed him to be ftaid 

*_ and fearched ; and finding divers Letters about 

'* him, which he told me he knew not from whom 

■* he had them, upon which two of them were 

-•, opened, one by myfelf, and the other by one of 

'* the Guard, whofn I know not; and conceiving 

■• • the Matter of that Letter, which was not writ \a. - 

' * Characters, to be prejudicial to the Parliament 

* and Kingdom, as being a Means, of having the 
, . * private Debates of the Houfe of Commons pu&- 

*: lilted, my Confcience told me that 1 ouj;bt not 

* to let pafs any.fuch Letters without the Confent 

* and Knowledse of the Parliament, which cau&d 

* me to flay tiie Perfon and Letters until the Mom- 

* ing ; at which Time I prefented them to the 

* Houfe of Commons, where the Letters are no,W 

* remaining, but the Perfon difcha^cd, which 
■'* was done uponFriday lafl, being the 8th of this 

■ * Iiiftant May.' 


* ' - The Lords ordered a Copy of this Anfwer to be 
fcnt to the Cpmmiflioners of the Kingdom of Scot- 
land, and that Cgpt. Majey have Notice to attend 
their Houi'c on the Tuefday Alorning next ; and then 


E N, G L A N D. , ^95: 

. -M?>- 

"Next Jific Draugfafof a £rt/irr to^frntio'thc 

i*nnce, -in Anfwer to.tjiat .froTiiJiisfligtinrfs,* was 
read: A'ftfer Debate,' the Queftion being put. 
Whether fhis %etter fliall be feht to the' Prince 
without any Addition ? it was rdblved 'in the Ne- 
[gative. ■ ■ 

TTien the Queftion being put, Whether it (hall 
"be referred to the Committee for drawing up of the 
jMter to be fent to the Prince, to make an Addi- 
tion to the fail! Letter, concerning the King's Com- 
ing into the Quarters of the Parliament, and con- 
cerning Propojitiiins which arc preparing to be fent 
,to the King ? it palTed in the Affirmative. 

The Commons had defired a -Conference with 
the "Lords about difpofing of thePerfon of the-King 
as.hoth Houfes thould think fit, which was agreed 
to J and the fame being over, 

May 13. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lords ^ Conferenfe 
, reported, That Mr. Lip, - W the Conference, faid, Dir™f^i°of ^th, 
* That the Houfe of "Commons had tnten the Vole, Kicg'i Pcrroii. 
wherein they .formerly defired our Concurrence, 
, and the ^n^rr of tfieLordp, into their feriousCon- 
fideration; and, upon Debate, had Tefahed to 3A~ 
■here to -their Vat^s as formerly delivered in. 

* That in the firft.Place they obfcrve. That the 
Anfwer of the Lords is a bare Negative, and no 
Rcafons offered to induce tliem to alter' their Opi- 
nions. ■ ; ■ 

■' Sucha negative they hoM not to be 
ufual in the, Proceedings' of Parliament, nnd they 
conceived it very inconvenient} .for if one Houfe 
may give any negative Anfwer, withttut any Rea- 
. fons oiicrcd, the othec Houfe may adhere without 
any Rcafons given for tije fame ; and fo the Houfes 
_ wouid have nocIearUpdcrftanding of the Grounds 
oi each other's Rrfaluthm. '' 

' ■ 'The 


■jjfi ^ Parliamentiuy History 

M. n Or. !• * The ReaTons why the Houfc of Commoiu wi- 
'*^- here to their Voity arc : 

""JJL " * That it is the undoubted Ri^t of the Pariia- 

ment of England, ■ that the Penon of the King 
fbould not be difpofed of whilll he is in this King- 
dom, but by the Parliament of England. 

* That the Houfe of Commons having thought 
fit to make this Claim, and fo to propound it to 
your Lordfhips, if, upon your LordQiips Refufal 
to concur with them, they Ihoutd acquiefce, it ' 
would hold forth to the, World, that both HoufeS. 
of Parliament have deferted their Incereft in the 
King, and do not thinlc fit to have him difpolcd of, 
by the Parliament, in any Place of this Kingdom. 

* It is not honourable for the Parliament of Erig- 
land to fufFer their King to be in the Scett Army 
in this Kingdom, and not to demand their King. 

' It is not fafe for the Parliament of England to 
fufier their King, whilft he maintains War againft 
them, to continue in any Army within the King- 
dom of England, without the Confent of the Par- 
" liamentof Er^Uoid, left his Pcrfonal Prcfencemay 
have an ill liduence upon them. 

' The Scott Army in this Kingdom is under the 
Pay of the Parliament of England: And wbatTo- 
cver Cometh into their Power within this King- 
dom, wherein England hath an Intereft, ought Xa 
be rendered up to the Parliament. 

' Your Lordfhips are concerned by a higher In- 
terell to make this Demand, which is. by the ^a- 
Itmn Ltagut and Covenant ; this beinff fo great and 
undoubted a Right belonging to the Parliament of - 

' And, upon thefe Reafons, they adhere to thdr 
former Fete^ and dcfirc your Lordfhips Concui- 
rence herein.' 

Next Sir Jghn Evilyn (aid, * Your Lordfhipa 
have hsard the Scnfe of the Houfe of Commons, 
how much th3y conceive themfclvcs concerned in 
tfonour to have this yatt to be pafi*ed ; therefore 
they hope your Lordibtps will never depart froiq 



beuing your Part in fucb a Demand. Thev vill *>• > 
be very unwilling to be neccSuted to this without ' 
your Lordfhips j yet if your Lordfhips (ball not 
think lit to agree with them, they fhall never fail 
to do th«r Part in making this Denund> it being 
a Thing wbn^ the Parliament uul Kingdom arc 
fo mudi interefted.' 

The Report being made, the Lords took into 
Confideration whether thefe Words, now reported, 
were the Words fpoken by Sir Jthn Evtljn at this 
Conference. The Words being read, the Quef- ^ 

don was put, Whether thefe Words, or Words 
to this Effed, were fpoken at the Conference by 
Sir J»fm Evtfyn f it waa generally agreed to {p). 

Next the Queftion was put. Whether, by liiefe 
Words, it doth not appear to this Houfe, ihat the 
Senfc of diefe Words are. That in cafe their Lord- 
Ibips do not agree with the Houfe of Commons, t 

that they will do it without them ? It was refahed 
in the Affirmative, and erdtrid. That this Report 
QisM be taken into further Confideration the next 
Morning. Accordingly, 

May 14. The Houfe of Lords went again upon Tbe Lonii i*. 
the Bufinefs ; and the Qyellion being put. Whether 7™** s.ti,fK- 
the Words, fpoken by Sir John Evtlyn, were againft Xd. of^ 
the Courfe and Proceedines of Parliament, and that jolm ErIju 
this Houfe doth cxpeft Reparation for the fame ? il«reio. 
it was nfiihid in the Affirmative ; and another 
Conference was trderid to be held with the Com- 
mons, about fome Words which fell from a Mem- 
ber of theirs at the laA. 

May 15. We meet with another RemenJiraHce 
from the Sceu CommilGaners, about flopping of 
their Meflenger by Capt. Majpy^ in which is a 
much clearer Reprefentation of the State of the 
Cafe than in the former. 


. I»\ upon the Report of tbii MiEterintheHpnIeorCainDiciiu, Sir 
yohn Eviljv tckr.owledgcd that be Ipolcc ibe Wcrdi in Qucllton. 


39^ The Par^amenfary' History 

Ad. 'ii'CiF. I. Per tie Right Hon. the Speaker of the Henfe- of' 
•^*- Peers pro Tempere. 

M'.y. M:fD>rd, 

' \M ^ ^ ferrocrly acquaint the , Honourable 
^orft'L" ^™m ' Houfes with a Report' tliat waa come to 

the SLOta Com- * OUT Ears, Concerning the tntarceptiiwV. at the* 
miflionfrs, con- t Guardsof tJieCity, a (jeptleman ctupfoyed frwn 
^'"If^f'^'the Committee Qf.Eftates of the Kingdom of 

* StMland hither, and ftnt back aeain by us with 

* Letters to. their Lordfhips, antT the Committee 
' of Eflates at the Army; but now, from more 

* certain' Knowledge, we do further reprefent, 
' That on JW/"(VJ^.. ^^ 7Sh of this Inftant 

* May, -befoie eigjit. ^t I^Tigh.t, after he had ihcwed 

* B Pafs under our Hpnds, and offered to'fhew ano- 
_ ' ther Pafs, ftgncd by the Right: Honourable the 
■ * Committee of the EAates of the Kingdom of 

* Scel!tmdt he was (^ped by one C^'^^xxi Majfty 

* at Shsf-alitcb.i and'i^itwithflaiuiing he told his 
' Letters were from us. Captain Maffiy cau&d 

* him to be fea.-ched ; givirig this Aeafon Tor [t, 
' That he could npt; be mfwcrabJaif he did not 

* fee them ; and when he had Joojced upon the 
' Letters, he faid again he could not 6e" asfwer- 

* able if he did not carry the Gertlemap' and Let- 
' ters back again; winch he did forthwith, and 

* brought.him,. as we are informed, tooneColorieF 
' M7^«n'f Houfe, an4 from thence to one Mr. Efl- 
' wkk'Sy where he r^ired himfelf for an Hour and 

* an half at leaA, and afterwards brought him to 
' the Star in Fket-Jireet^ where he was kept in a 

* clofe Roomall thefefl; of that Nigbt> attended 

* by two Soldiers ; the next IHy he was brought 
' to WefiraixJUr, wliere he was kept from Eight 

* 'm the Moriting. till Seven at Night; and all the 

* Time he could not haye. fo much Favour as to 

* fend a Porter, or write two Lines, to Worctjler- 

* Houfe, or to any of his Acquaintance, though 

* he feveral Times earneflly requeftcd it. 
' Moft of pur Letter?' have been returned unto 

*■ us undifclofed ; biit' one I-ettcfj 'difeadf :b the 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

e/ E N' G L A N D. : ,399 

- * Lord Balcarresy a Member of the Right Ho- A"' »* Cir. 

* nourable the Committee of EUates, was opened '^^^\ 

* and isftill detained (17) i and,whichis moftftrznge^ y"™ 

* and very uncjipefted to us, the Letter dire£tej ^ 
< on the Back To the Right HamurabU the CoM-' 

' mitlit of EfiattSy was fent to us open ; and thrf 

* therein inclofed, which was a Copy of our Lcttef 

* to the C6imflittcc of Eftates in the Army, and* to 

* which our Letter did- particularly refer, ia takerf 

* awa^ and ftiU. kept from us. 

* When we refled upon the whole Story of thi^ 

* BuIineCs, we ftand amazed to confider of it, and 

* what the Thoughts of Heart' may be upon it iit 

* the Kingdom of Stdthnd; We being folemnly in- 

* vited by the Hoiifes of Parliament to come and k- 

* fide here, and fo many Promife made to uJ bjf 

* dieir ConimrffioneTE of fair and kind Entertain- 

* meht ; (whereof we acknowleda;e, till of late, wi 

* hare had good Experience) theKingdomof Scst- 

* land having fuffered fo much at home and abroad', 

* by Sea and Land, to the vail Expence of milcH 

* Blood and Treafure, in this Caufe ; there being 

* fo many folemn Foundations and mutual Con- 
' fidence between the Kingdoms ; and we ourfeives 

* having, to the utmoft of our Power, fince thft 
■ firfl Hour of our coming hither to this Day, en- 

* dcaVoured a fair Correfpondency and right Un^ 

' deSlahding ■ 

(d) Thii Utter wu dated from Wira/ltr-mnfi, Msy 7, 164^, 
*nd figmd by ^tlm Ctiifitf, Stcretary to Ihe Sian Comniiffione™, 
Tlie next Day it was read in thi Houfe of Cammons ; who, ifty 
tfie reading thaeof, ordered 3 Metbge to be fcnt to tbofe Comftiif- 
fiooeri, to dcfiie them to liicare tbe PerCon of the laid ycbn CHrJIcf, 
to infwer fuch ThJngt at Ihoulil be objected a^ainft bim of ci^ 
ConcetnmeDt. Amongik chefe Liners (tome of which were, laid 
aflde mithodl reading, and others read) was a Faprr without Stfpcr- 
fcriptionor SuUeripdon, and great Pan of it ia Char«Aeii orXyi- 
phui. And a Motion lieiDg made for tlie Deiyf hering ibereof, it 
WM carried in the Negative, by isiagamftiiB. Mr. Hollis and 
-Sit m-lirr Eark Tellen for the fdrMer'i Sir Arthur Hifimg ani Sir 
JthKEvcfyxof mill, for the latter. Mr. HaZ/w. in his Afmia//^, 
ipealcii^ of this ASiirof feizingaad opeoini the $i:<i(i CennniQianeri 
Letten, ealli it • The higheft Affront, Ihe^ifareft Violjtiuji of the 

• Poblic Faith, and the greit«ft Swiid>l to ail Princes; Statej; and 

• eyen Socieliei of M«n, (s!c.' " 


40O 72tf ParUamentary H I 8 T » Y 

n. \i Cu. I. < derftandiAg bttween the Kitiotis, wfiereof thd 
'** • , * Honourable Houfcs have given u!s ample Tefti-' 
jjj * mony ; we are exceedingly lurprifed, when wC 

* compare this with the former intercepting and 

* opening of our Letters, (often complained of ar 

* the Committee of both Kingdoms, and not re- 

* drefled) and other Afironts done unto us, which 

* we forbear to mention at this Time. 

* We need not tell the Honourable Houfes hoV 

* inviolable the Privileges and Freedom of Legates 

* and Commiffioners, tlieir Attendants and Mef-^ 

* fengers, are kept by all Nations, and what fad 

* Confequences have followed upon the. ViolatioiT 

* of thofe Laws ; nor fhall we take upon u> to de-' 

* clare, but leave it to the Honourable Houfes tv 
*■ conlider, how far this doth entrench upon thcLzir 

* of Nations, and upon our own Security and Saie^ 

* ty ; how pr^udicial it is to the Ends for wfaiclr 

* we were called hither, and how far it doth dif- 

* able us from doing any Service here to the King-' 

* dom of Scttland, whom we reprefent, if our In- 

* telligences and Advices to them, or their Inftruc- 
■ tions and Dire^ions to us, fhall be difcovered and 

* divulged to the World. 

* And we do the more infill upon this BuH-' 

* nels, in that another MelTengcr, difpatched by us 

* Jince, upon the eighth of this Inftant, having a 
.* Pals under our Hands, was fearched by fome of 

« Col. P*ytttK and Col. Rojfaer's Forces for Let- 

* wcs : This, with other Grounds we have, gives 

* UB Caufe to fofpeA that, our Refidence here be- 

* ing fo well Icnown to all the Officers about £011^ 

* dfa», and our Paffes never queftioned hitherto by 

* any of them, Capt. Maffey, alone, durft never 

* h^ve undertaken this Bufmcfs to break open our 

* Letters, dircfled on the Back To the CummitUr 
' ef EJiatts in Scotland, without the Direaion, 

* Affiftance, and Inftigation of others. 

' We do therefore, in the Name of the King- 
' * dom of Scotland, defire that a ftridt Enquiry may , 

* be had therein ; and not only Capt. Maffiy^ but 
' Col., myotty Mr. EJhulck, and aU others who 


.^ENGLAND. 401 

^ canbedifcov«red tobavetudUyHwuli ortobe *»• ■■ Cm. ft 

anywife acc«lEu|v to the inttrccptihg and bretk- ^ '**^ ,, r 

ing up oj^ our Letters, puy. be exunmed f tbst jg— 

Repdra^h may. be madfe (into :U* and the. Fad 

difclaimed and difcovered i that we may receive 

the AfliiniwB of the Tafe TrHi4*ort and Codvcf' 

ahce c^ bur laetten £>r ^ futme, and tbe PaP' 

fue of our Afe^ngeis to the Sepii Armj and tfc* 

HTnadoBTLciit^eMiini^ a^idbick. again, by S^or 

Lai]di,-wU!^tImsrriiption) that alt our Jealou* 

fiea an^ Fearpof that Kipd may be remoiredi and . 

that a right Vnd^rlibwi<Ut>g and Coric^on* 

denc^ naof be Aili preiciVaa between thefe IClag- 

dom*: ^1 which, we- da earncflly defirc and ex- 

peA from bus WUiloin of tbe HoftowaUe Houfesf 

andreOwA ... 


, " Lo.BDO.Ki 
ma^-im/i. C. E»iKiN. Ai JoHHJTOK, 

**»'*•••♦*' H. Kennedy. R. BAxctAY* 

Afte)- reading this iil/mi^inirr, the Lords or* 
dered thjd Col. iFllfiht Captt J/^, and 5^)i 
Ejhmck, mould have Notice, to attend theu Houl* 
the nekt M^oriiingt Accoroinglyi 

M^ \%. Oii a further £xanuaatIon into thia 'n~- -^ 
. Afeir, Capt. Mafffj wai coomiitted, by the Lordly uTiS^fT 
Prifqiirirto tfier/tti, during Plcafute, for openiiig nmnitteii » i|» 
the Lett^S of the Sctti CtimmiSioatay and not fj^*' *■ 
^^fcrving his Orders and' DireiE^ons. TbeXordi ' 

aifu a{^)Wited a Contoiihee of their Houie Go in* 
^uire yet Rifther iiito this fiuGnefs; but dpttMeJ^ Xatdi&ktv^M 

Jij Was, fomefew Days after, fcleafed by Or«kr of tt-"~- 

the CcMoiroofiis without t^yment of Fees.— — Lord 
JfoHet terites (J), The Reafon ibey alledged for dlf^. 
bhargiMtjie Captain was, < That theXordf had 
l^^k< theft. Privileges in imprifoning one wlio wa» 
under C:^aimnation of their Comoutiee (foi. the^ 
Jiftd alio 'reared tbeBuCp^stoaComiQ*tue4'But» 

;'■ yei:'fw'.". , ■ :' ,;.^.?- . ■.".;,,.»» 


4op T&TJ'VWdW^fe*^ "SrtxVlH' • 

. ***^ . Righti»iwni(birigTffi«iOfindcr, liirtto-aflToritit 
lift A*'m<*« »n P«tTOit^'mi/— Hi^I^iMfli^'a&f- 

«*hi'tlK'W4i^ r^atM-'befare, AJi-Cbh^n^^ns^^t 

wiy^ibingbutbi3'D«t^'frt't1»hAffky','"o ■ ■ 
■ne liitn'i Rt»- - in-Anfwn' to their'l.oKKhWi ^e'"Hftofc'o| 
^'''j^ J"""??- Coirimowdoth aaniir,. f . * ThatSfr5*S»^ft>/Vi 
ivdvo. ■• i.a,Mfcmfcer*rfth**HWi*,-tfW-fpi(a6«ia»Worf3, 

* or Wor^ to that HffcQ, in Dlf^^ of his 

* this Houfe to delrrec unto their Lonlfltips M a 

* Conference on iP'e^fdaj laA : .^But do not «d- 

* tlf?t'tVi4tth^St4^jeft.c]f'fhatCunferenq»iV¥e«hble 

* tvM'Fotft reCi'ted by tiifflr Lordfiiips at the Con- 

* ferencc on .Saturdm laft, ^\it p,nly t^c fcsJifFf of 

* thofc'two VoUs),'M\p^attiellto\3Si'Mt.6mjnqr» 
•■ -ieered tfieir LoTiJflf»fjS''Concjrr^ijcfj.That t^ 
*■ *C<ttiiWffiofiere V;.me; F'arliimeiit^ «f Sntland, 

* and the Gefieriif of the fn/r'Army, fliould be 
. * iefatA, that the Per^n of the King iniKht be -diT- 

kc>3 ' '' * i^^ of ^° ^U'^^ 'i r\3,ze vii&an tbu jC^gdom as 

.' V ' ■ •th'e'two Houfes bfPaxJiiifti^^nt:* 
•"'f' '■ *F6rWh!t:h, al'ttit ftfi'e'C(Mrerei*oeVmcy gaV« 
* " i : 1 *' divipts Reafens to ih^ ^brdfliips, '" .*,"'' ' 

* 2- "'^hat the Hoiife 6f Comm^'Vof Opi- 
' •■MiWj"'thartlie WonJs jpolcenty Sif'''^»:^« Eiii'- 

^ir---. ' - • >/pt!d^.'D0t import that Senfe which tiieir Lyrd- 

,.. ■ ... f''^ufi!i cbaceive they'do;'.«nd ivuft'n«tls accbu^ 

'^^ It a great Unhappinef^ that a^ tlus 'iTtnf^ when 

* a? (according to the Xxpreffions and Eiyif^ttoii^ 

* <rfourcDmmon£hemies) not^ingia AMjfzraii^ 
•dartdeftroy us but fiiiESi'enceg am'ongjJ onfftlv^ 
■'. t{iat"fuch ExceptiAns Ihould be taken,', ami ftc^ 

* paratidni expeded ,£Dr Words, ai)^'Aotc''dr* 
'■tioubtful Interprrtatioa, which tbeii'Xc^Uo^ 

• onfy ■ 


t««iyn>f^lv»tO'iaipDtt4£aifeinhicht4iiiiittiti$4A. -3 
' they did inmortj they are riot. coritrSzy toqthe 

* Coiirfe and PrDceedines <^ ParliaiiMnt ; and th^ 

* lifc«3tt*C -btka .attdyitMTfL^imei^ii,PMli- 

* ■mtntj tf itfcopt shy Ewp^iaB^.tBkiM |J)bM4Ut» 
' byriM#<i>ard(bip^t-i^.iteUt>Hlf.ofiiCoonl«dM 
«<'te^r ttut" Aek 'Con^ifis fdid ) lUjrinUttk. by 

^. to one iVaf of.-praceeAiis».M ikatt • in ni-^Ht 
<iintetfoeVR^Jti6'..hcvsr faeiKniiapiitwry^. .tMlih 
^ never fo much irtipdrting.-dMvHohdnc.alidJiM*- 

* refttif the Klnadtmit the Cotnmoris of England^Tylt-A} tfaUrOiityAir^e>ffi£oaein4S*fety 
■^:o£:tlW'£iJlgdmbinfuchai.'V^^^'«»'<ttM^ ivt^'lf 

t tber tannot do it in Ai.h a Wu^iitJliiifw^M 

'■d^Ftd ;^d«ir' iIjordQii^ Goadjhciww.'itti V'ilhis : 
]f-.nrinie}>anl(Whkk{h^ki^<&«id«i'w(^litt>iy - 
■^Rn^ntf ^hmiaiUo.^rirtfdldolrfAr- 
' 4ff^ian, i4 itr-ftei*:Qpinipiit iouhllawtVcd A K%lit 
' oftheP^rtkiiMtoznd Kii^dfi«t«f . £|(;jI«mEj aitd 
>-£> blgMv cbfloemedi''theiit M: UmwitrrOfti lAt«- 

'^■•'teft^' inudlv c«ndusadi> Ce.'thF -^tct)it.fe^ 
'*.-lingiof a happy I arid w«U»4DeidMled Preitr fo 

*':tt('uchdcfiT(!d-t^'BUi that .theji. iihiiot think tut 
'^'■tbac tbek 'LonlOiipti upon the Confldention « 

* ^ir i&rti/ilrft^irilt join wltk^ftai in this ;D>- 
*^^liattA i tuod tha^'^cy will ntf Ai^aliy HuBa^ 
■*:bj the-bye^'ito'Uivert^or Ma'^^th^ RcfitlMfom - 
> herein i mhctt^thePrai^c«a^ad:£Kf>e^9tiDiU 

* ofiQur Enomifef fwiM i>c diikppeWited) who might 
•* jufl^ hopeithBt, there'iwoitld-titaiMO ConculTfnae 
■•* ticnr«n -thei lioufcl ih atiy.tlui^ if it Ib^uld 

*v'iiot beirtthiat of fo uhdcntbtei Rights aad<d'fo 

* «rto:-Iitipiiruilcirto tlie-JCinlflkmi, that thei'er' 
'■Stnbf the Kingteing in die.liajida and I>ig>»' 
.:*' Atlg of an Army of a^iother NatW Within.tMs 
.> :Kingdoin^'.«B^.in: the 'Pay tberceft IhouU be dtf- 
V*; poliU «f W-fach I ^acB .wt^iin this KiBgdOfn^ 
mi* G c a * both 


4Q4 ^^ PerUame^aj His^ofer 

A>. ■« Cm. t- • both Hou^ df dw Pa^ament of Engltaii DmI 

With tfaeie Rea^imt we fiippore, the Lords were 
'oUigcd to reft liitu&cd, for we meet with jM^toon. 
•of 4ii* Biifinefa in tbb 7'*"'^-°f either HoUe. 
' Abfent thii Time tt wu dut the Seitt Aimv 
Huuched bom tfmmri booKwanls, ami ofried 
the King with them t and th^ bad .brou^t hit 
M^cfty as far a* Saut^U, before aay puuic Jn- 
«#|<cnoe waS' giren to the Partiancnt whom b* 
ya».a»mvfaii^ Howover, 

Mojf 21. Tlie Lords recdveda Letttr from the 
Earl mF lumdanUty one of the SaU Comntifion^ 
Ion, t[».tbii£%ai 

Prornriinp, up.:* 4d>)c Hoidci With tPrtlawatini ptAtiflied by Iw 

^jl;^^'* * Exc«tlmMtbe£«tiof jLMv«ati>«riM.- Th^ 

^^Amj. ~*''ki8 "iAtyeof came iato .A&we^to. without any. So^ 

'* loBinityt and. that none of theAnff NatioaaA 

>■ admitted to ooMe into that Ganifen, without ■ 

« Wurant from the Committee of Eftatei of xht^ 

* Kingdovn ; -aur none of this Nation, unlcfi they 
'■*■ have a Wanane from both Houlcs bf Parliament^ 

* tbeir Commifioaen, or-the Ma^ratci of it^n»- 
'» ta^U : That the Cc^mittcti of £fiates of the 
-* iLingdom -of^'SMland^ refiding at E£tAwghy 
:<'0^n Noticed his Majcfty's.Conunx to Aetr 
'*''Army, feidiwith enutted ^ PrtehmaiisiL, inhr> 
» biting all Ins fiubjcds, of, wfcufbdMer QuaUtv or 
'■Degree, togaetjtof tfafc Kingdom without nieir 
~' Warranty ander tfao Pain d£ bdog .puriiicd as 
^* Public Eoennes, as will .apfKhr by.aCopy hem 
>'' incMed. -TbeT had alfi> &iit tome w dieir 

* Number to «Aft the ComoiiltDe of dteir Army 
- * -twith DiredioM, due theyjoirffceed with ddejeiRt 

' '*'' Advice and Confent of the Cnmirfifiionersorbotb 
■* Houfet, aasrding to' the'C^iSnunt and S^rAny. 
'■-* But tbac they now canuftly cstnat hisMa^fty 


^ E N.O L A N a +05 

•■W grant the joint Defirti of both Kingdgtnti-*^ VJ^'' '' 

* when diey Aiall be prcfentod unto him { and, in . ' *^' . 

* the mean time, that he grant no Titles of Honour^ * ^'p^J 

* PenfLoni, or Places, to an^ of the SubjcA* oiF 

* Smtiand; and, in every thing elfe, to ihidya 

* fair Correfpondency between the two Kingdoms. ' 
Dated from fftrt^tr'lbufti May ao» and; 

figned LBuitriaU, 

Next fellow Copies of alh the Prwi»»M*<«u, Vi;, 
mentioned in the above l,tt*tr, wbicfa we fball 
oqaitj u not niuch to our Puipofd 

Maj xj. A Lftttr wa* read In the Houfe of * 
LodSf which came from the King hjntfelf,' dated . 
the iSth-of this Month from NnttcaftU{a), where 
he then wa« % the Scttt haying, by a quick March* 
conveVed him thither. From thence, therefore, hi* 
Majdiy addroflcd himfelf pt ibe Parliavicnt in tl^ ' 

following Manner ; 

Ncwcaflle, May t% ii>^' 

ZJIS Mi^ffly havmg vniftjlsad frtm Beth hit ftn RIi^rfrH * 
** Haufii ef Parliament, IJhH it tuai ""^ ^' p"'" " '"^ 

far htm to cemt tt l^oadon (uihither he ' f'od pr»p»fid'f"y*^^ 
to repair^ if fn he might, by their A.lvice, ladn-wiiat-- 

foever m^ It heji f^ tht Owi and Peace tfhalh 
Kingdam) vntil he fiail frj) give his Cmjent /« ■ 

futh Propofitions as wire h hf prefented tt him- 

fnn il}em j njtd hing ctrteihily informed tlvt the 
Armies viere ti\arching fa faft up It Oxford, «*' 
made that no ft Piaet for trratlmgy did refiht tt 
VJithdrata himjeif hither, only to fetwrt bis- awn 
Perfin, end with na /nl'inim la continue thit ff^nr 
any longer,- or to make any Dififen between his tw» 
Kingdom; but to give fuch dntent^ient tt htl>,\ 
[and fo toprefeh-e himrdf for the Good of both] 
C c 3 «, 

■fi) THfF*ntu*(1Uilk>n(rttw'K)n(*iW9ikt, p. ,«f* tKntiirr 
liiaUdAMD btMiiwir, (Dilthi f>*tr>j( ill tbt AaicBi Cha^aacf 
vM^nennchAtifinitteJ. Ut. Ilk^rih, VoL VI. p. 174. IhV 
fiBfBimo the IJoM Xjim. 

I..., .,Gt)tH^lc 

4^ The PariUnimtirjf p-^ S &■ c»# Y 

«. » Om. trai^ hy'tbe SUffing of Gad,, be plight fie,.tt huppf tr^ 
''*^ wil'-grtuiidei Peacot jhtr^ tt *i-% Prs^rity 1^ 
Wj. . ; ' (6*^ Kingdomt, artfwtraiie 'Ir the htfi Jtitia ef hit 
' Bregenitari. ■'■..). 

•^ Apd Jinfe thi ftttiing of Raligian ki^ht tt tt tie- 
chufifi ■ Carf tf all A'*Ww//i, his M4*Jh f^'fi "^' 
niflly ti»d heartth/ r^cmmifidt. ft b^j, owk Hiufet ef 
PafUamitil, all the IVays ana Mtam.fu^tkle f»rfpttHj 
jmifliifig this pioui and necfjfary If'iri f aria particu- 
larly ibat they take the-Ahice ^f iht 'DivfHei tf Mh 
'Kin^dtmu ^Jmhitd at Weflminfter. ■ 

Liktviifi conctrmfig the •Militia ef fHiglitnd; ,/»r 
ftturing his Petfife again^ afi Freienjiaia of Danger, 
hit Miijffty it pltafed tiiurat itfetiki di vtat a^ed 
at the Treaty ef UxWidge ; tili the Perfimt betagf^ 
hi natiudfar that Tr-^ hj- the jaw Hpufaof the Per- 
mit of England/?'' the Space offeven fetfi i andj. 
aft& ik* Ettpiri^ion ef that 7Vn». thctl it it rfgu-* 
Mtdosjholhbe agreed: upBn.. hj l^s Jifaje/iy ^nd bi{ 
fwo Houfei tf Parliament. "■.■.::''' 
And the liiffor the Kingdep of Scotland. 
Genterning the IfarT in Ireland } bis Maje/ty tvllt 
da vihat/oever jj pajfible fur biih It giiii full. Sat^- 
fmSlion therein. ' ''- > ' ; 

^rfirer- ntt all fiich of the Propofitions as are alrta^ 
pgreedvpOJt by hath Kivgdems, may ^e Jpiedily feti% ' 
tmta hmi ) bit^Maj^ bfi^g refehed to comply viitb^ 
fits PetrUapunl in- every Thing, (hat Jbell be for the 
Hoppinefs of bit Suij^ils, and for the removing of ali 
unhappy Difftrfncif J whi^ have produied ft tnany fad- 

liUs M4^y having m'if ik4' Qff*"i I" ^^: 
neither giie/HoH the ibanifyl Acupiation ,of tbemy . 
nor. doth he'da.utt but that bis-t^t. Kingdom will 6t 
careful to maintain him tit bis^ in bif.^ 
jif/l and lawffil Rights; .whicb, it (hf jin^.^ 
maie a -happy Comptjur^ pf theft. Ui^nftKral ,X3ivi-' ■ 
fitm: And liiewife will fhink upanaftlid Way' of 
conferving the Peace between the two Kingdoms for, 
TtrMe to came ; and fviS take • a j$MI^> Co«Ji ftr 
$fifin^ and quieting b(s a^Slid P^o^^.^^fi^^hig^ 

' " ■ "'.:,■,.".■,■■■:.,." ..ijM- 

r..„ .,Gt)t)gle 

vihatfotvtr Jiall .it Jm^id xop^bitibit it «W -&K/9 
tbatfi aR l^»4^.vi€ii ieing rtmvvk- Im Hiof tttf^A 
it tbh ParliqmW with timlualGmfirt, 

..p. 5. .Hk\M^h-ktH a^&wf ft jfi«ji /fe Ari 
tker E^ifi»fi,if Bie^t mM it eyrdtnee bit real £11^ 
ifUtitTn tf Peaett h vfilitng ' that bis Fercei in mi 
mhtttt Oxford tt df^njnit and ifii Ftrtijkmio'tu if 
iht City Jifmantledf (h*y rtaii>ivg banturitile Condut 
i'mis I vjhUf* tfitg gx^t^'d it tit Town and Farm 
(htrtt bit M^ffts wilpvt fht Hie Order tt fbt rt/t 
»f $if Garrijiiu, . . , , 


-..' T^e fc41o«m« lelitr» of the faifce. Date of tb« 
former, from the Kingi dire^ed to '£ir Tjbsitf 
GUr*^* Gevenli»r'<tf <h/frdt im »Ub kei^ : 


.' Tnrily «rtd>V«ll-bdwe<i Wtgftet you welt, 
•n.EING.dtJkaid ta_fi<>pj^t further Effufti^ '^Ati^»ttH- 

^ Bh^rd afm St^eks^ OkS yH rej^eaihgthefdi^ "" Gl<«>»™ 
MSttviuf.tfn^ that art ..mSuf City if Oxfor^, fj^""^*^ 
tebieh bavt fi^ faithfully ' ferVed and hazarded ^a^ 
X4ivttftrMf^ wt have thought goad to fitmmand ytu h 

^^t that Ci'^t and to SJhand tht Forces wider yti/r 
Command ther^, yaU riceiviag' hottBurgbk CfnditieTtf 

~fir yoa ahd thtift. ' ' ■ ' 

GviiiavtNevtta0kthtn^^!oi,M<y.iii^^> .. . 

Next Vint md.the.lKli9g'(> ^ ^ Parl%- 
ment of Seotland, ■•., 


Right Xf\^ and weU-bdov«d Coufina and Coua- 
itillors, ruht traStj and right wfll-belovCd Coii- 
' fins, tiu^ and wdl-bdoVcd CounfeBora, and 
tnifty and^U-belovef^ we gi;cet.ypu well. 

-■-j^FTESLf, i0^-0,d-fiid\iji Mirniftiort if'ibt 
* ^ happy yneiirfianding Ittiijixt W'^fnd iw good < 

''"■ ■■ ■ ' •■&■*«* 


SfiftSi if am- .J&ngAmfi-^/ i^^aiii: (v^iei- iaih 
,'1 C c 4 txctedingly 

;(o9 the TarUamu^arf Hi^roHV 

Jh. ■> Car. T. imeStutf t^ihd Ml} and Ufi thff Jiid EftStt ihtni 
^ '***■ . ^ may bow eUauUithe j^*aiam ^ mawf rf At$ 
• "tiui fUngdtm frim ut ; and frefering nc^m U tke iM» 
if tw SubjeSi OK vAith tur Safity and Greafnefs nu^ 
dipndti and w'theM whieb lur froptfi mt is Hit-r 
■ Mats any Happitufsy we haw tbtughtfit U lahw M 
dijpoftft them af aU Prejuditei, rsUttr hj fiewii^ 
iiem atr prtfint JtefihttitnSy than hy rtnutnbtrimg 
Aim af Bur ftrmtr Difftrtnat, having ceme ihAek 
vnth o fuU and ahfilute' Intentian is give all jitft Se^ 
tiffaSun W the joint Difirei of heth our Kingdoms i 
and with no Thaught either ta cuntinne this umiatitrai 
War (riry longtr, ar to make a Divifian betwixt the 
Kingdoms, but ta compk with aur Parliaments end 
thofe tHtrufled by thtm m eotrj tbp^, forftit&t^ af 
9ruA and'Piaee. ^ - . . . i 

Ytur Cammffintrs hape offered ta nsdhtn Papal 
in your Name, fprejjing y^ur loyal Intentions towardt 
MS, for which we eannet tut ratum yam iaarly 7%miff 
m/fi^l^udytaapp^mr/i/vostatal^t^tlM Cnmfd^ 
.and Allies of aur Parlsagutits. 

We have already ftnt a Mefiage ft; (ie. two Havji/ 

. tf ^itr Parliimem of England^ mid yeur Cammif- 

- - iovers at London, ^^ich wt kof* vjill give Satsj^ 

'fiiaiott. ■ ■ ' ■ , 

We have liiet^i/e writtem .ta al( fmb. tuithui t^. 

Kingdom of Scotland^ ps have {iny CommiQian frosfe 

its, to lay down Arms, dijband their Farces^ anareit- 

der their Garrifoni ; and have written to our 4gf''*f 

and -^ll^mjkif-airoerdi far readting all • Comst^eui 

i^ed forth by our Autbarity to my at Sea, ag^in^ 

■■4lky of mr 'Sui^i^ if. either Ki^domi and have 

fenl tetters to the Governor af our City of Oxdxit 

Ifo quit that Garrifon upon i>oneut:t^ Conditions, 

fnd dijb^pi fif^. ^m tikere ; whie^ Ming, grantee^ la 
imm wefove refoly^ presently ta give the Ukt Or^ 
"dom. .',.,' ,,' ..'■' 

And that the Truth' of ltiefe"our"^yal frtienfiam 

y'--.!-,-^" . tfo^be ms^Jatty^ t» alitie' g«fi4 &u^Ss of ^coU ■ 

'" ' "^ r"; , Jap'l.^fwt.'rf^W. 4 Prflclamation'.««)'. i* f/inteJ ^ 


\\ .'...■.... i J -- f^f^ 

r..„ ^,GotH^le 

•^y E N G L A N f>. 409 

ftaai, h^ng imtr w!ll htlieve ivt tf»it tbh tt a^A»- "J^- '' 

vahmtary md ctrtHal Rrfilijtion, and freettd! from . ' *^' -.^ 

-p* uhfr GrcuHdi than ew dttp Stnft if the Bhtding i/^, 
Ctndiiian if our Kingdans ; qn^ that our real Inten- 
fim't arty vitlh the Slr^g of God an'd his faVBu^hbli 
Jjyimet, Ujsin with our ParRprntnt injittling Re- 
fipen hire in Purity fafitr the Advicf of the Pivinef 
»f bvtb KingdtfHi^OtabUd at Weftininftcr) dnd eur 
Sihjefft af bath Kingdomi in Frtfdojn and Sofity. 

S9 expecting jour CounMs and Jdvias in everf 
97>ing wherein wtfiiaUbi concerned^ Wt'iidjou verj 
. jftartily Farewell. ■ . , 

From Newcafile^ May 19, 1646, 

A Letter from die Segts Commidioners reTidihg 
■II London, along with fome other Letters from 
their Commiffioners in the North were alfo read {b). 

Ftr- the JiMt HtnetirMe the Speaker of the ],„,„] uttm 
HmfivF^ti^t pro Tempore. 7t he commu-tnaiYiKSt<m 
mmedtah^tbHtufes "" '■ r««mifli»-. 

: JRigbt Hmeurahtey 
f Vy E «re defired, hy the Commtupe of Eif- '»"''"'" *"* 
f iV tatcs of the Kingdom of Scotland reliding 

* with the Satt Army, to communicate to the 
> Honourable Houfes the Letters and Papers here- 
-* witb pEcrented ; vbcrliin it will appear hovr carc- 
f. 61L tbjnr have been in exhorting his Majefty to 
-pm oatiafiifUoa to the joint Defires of both 
fy. Kiq g ^t nu^ without meddling'in any Prtp§fitions 
if tf Peifa. They havit allb renewed'theif Defiret 

* fef Advice from henco, slid do eanieftly intnat 

* tblt C<»nmjfflotiers n»y be fcA t from both Houfes 
f to join widi them, atul to be Witndlc* of all 

* (hur.AAlensiwhetein they endeavour ntitbing 
■ more, thaa.that tbfy^maybc 1)1^ a» may givB 
f equal Satisfa^on to ^th the Kingdoms, 

fMblitfaVlilkti'iy Ordei 

lUMl tat i^riia »j^ 

. "I ■•■--■ 

El«if<, »itimjti!/bwtrtb. 

I..., ,Gt)t)^lc 

g'Wwg,.|£460 Kooeof tbcm, octpUDa that nliUiu M Mt, ..^ 

410 Tbt,-i'^li9ftK^arj Hut^jlv 

^. wCw.l. >''Wc,(U'e.fiirthci^<leCiiei»oap^i»int,\(lwM')Lfl^*^ 

'^*°' , » ftups with the Parciculara o* a i/^ifr li^mWB by 

*M»y. ' * CtAoncl PeyalZy to LleuCcnaiMrGeiienl iJievut 

■ * • Lejley; wherein he doth rc^uifc, ThM.if hebad 

* any Forcet about Rifan^ be retire them .to-. ^omf% 

* other Place; and \i (le had appoiaCcdany j;nore 

* to come thither, that ht, recall his Ordecs j, alj 
' which he advifcd Kkn fpeedily to per^xn, as hs 

* would evidence to (he World," that the Iniontioi) 

* of the Coming of the Scott Army intotbis King- 

* dom was to purAie the common Xncmy, ajid nc( 

* to be trouWefome, or incroach upon their Friends, 

* To this Licutenant-Gencral Lefity returned 

* a civit Jinjiver^ fhewing him. That his Com- 

* mands fhould be obeyed p and accordingly did 

* forthwith withdraw his Forces from thde Ps»rts, 

* being deftrous, according to the Direflioi ia pvew 

* Unto him, to avoid all Occafions of Di&rence 

* and Contefi : Upon Canltder»ti*n whttW* it ia 
^ .■ * their nmdt t>eiire. That , aa Dire^iom are gi- 

* ven by them to all the Offic«rc.«f th« Sttif Army, 
' * fo the Honourable Houfes would be pleofed to 

. '^vfeiQrder to'the CommanJeiW of their lW(!«s in 

* thofe Parts to forbear all ptovoking Expr^^Ai^ 

* Speeches, or'A(^i9lu> wbil^diay girejufi'Ouiib 

* of Offwcc- . 

* And for preventing ^ DHbrden and lacoarft- 

* nieqcei, they do camdUy iotreat, Thi^ Direct 

* tions may be fpeedtly fcnt to the Coimninee at 

* Tsrk,, to appdint them Quarters, that axmfidci'- 

* abie Supply of Money may be fent ttrthcai mW, 
^.aftei fo much.WamandfiilongSufferii^t'WlHcli 

* D^res being fo mfbn^iUlA and foofteivrsneart^ 

* wc'areperfiiadediiieHomniT^iltt'Honfcs t^'islft 
< thsmi into their Serious Confid»ation, aodretSitt 
f.iAjIfWt)/ and CuisfiuSloiy jfnfmr, r Wc/femuk ' 

■ • y\nir-ti)r4liip'ftiffe&wul*' _■ " '^ 

0. , Ftitrtds anS humiU Servarits, 

LauderdaiB. ^ , ,. . 

\ fi. JohKSToM. . \ Charlu jaacnu, 

^ .,'Ht K*i»»»oy* Row itT BAkctAY, 

■■ -^ .::;.;, ;„:.iftqi«W 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^le 

,^, PN;Q,{. AND. - 4u 

Inclofed in the foregoing Lttttr wu a Pabttt*'^ ** '^*'' \ 
/ntitulea, fht irvj Siati^gfthe'f'r'tceiiiiflis i/tht .' '"^.^.. ". ' 
Coiftmittet of the E/lilei' of itoiiinA, re^i/ig with ' k ^ '""''' 
thtir Ar^jfQfuermug^lr. JohoAlftburnfiaoij.W^^. -■ ■*■ 

■.Ai!^ 25, i646.' 
■*■ TTHE Committee of Eftatcs with thfc Jioir* 
>. *• Army' having recclyed :( ri/* of the Ho- 

* nourable Hgufe of CoHiAonS) indofed lA a ZrttfT 
.* from tlifl Commiffionefs 6f "both Houfes, ddr 

* manding the Peribns of Mr, ^Aff Ajkhiaidsaifi^ 
' and all others that came with the King into the 
*. &»ir Army before ^«i*iri, to be delivered up, 
> did fu-Jouily take into Deliberation ho'O^ they 
.* might return a fatisfa^olT^ \ift/lvn' to tht Deflfe, 
*.of ttic Houfe of Commbnii \rt)ereih they ffliihd' 

* tiieoifclves prefTed withrio fmall Difficutties arif. 

* ing from the Confideration of tht Viti, which, 
'did require Mr. fohn AJhhttlAam and others to. 
.* .be dclivc^'ed up as Dejinqnents, upon this Nar-. 
*,rative and Reafbn, That thty ianu tnte tht Sc6t< 

* .Armf h'tfart Newark lAith hit M^tRj, ther« be* 
-*, ing nooUier Caule of iDcnnquency made IcAoWn. 
i unto the Comnwuee of Ettates \ and tio more. 
? being exprefled coticeriiiDg Mr. fahn Afibwk-^ 
f hapu than other Perfons who were Guides to h»^ 
' Ma)e% in bis Way thither. 

' It appears untothcni that they were no more, 
f obUgcd to deliver up Mr. yiha A^fifthatn, hit 
f Majeily's ordinary Servant, and others, only tbt 

* their attending the King to [he Sccfs Army, than 
^ the Parliament pf England. Ihould have be4i)[ 
f. oblige^, ID the like .Cafe', to deliver up aay Sub- 
f jeft of Scsiland for attending his Majefty, if he 

* had gone Into Sir Themis Fairfeu^i Afffiy, Or 
f come to {.anden. And it^id Very much ifreigh 
f with their Lbrdfliips, that "the delrpering Up 0/ 
f thefe Perfons, mcerly for tHiar coming Wi A tjis^ 
f Majefty into the &ceti Army^Wpuli impdh' fiat 
fflfity did aeknnukdgt it to bt unlawful foi- ihik^. 
tfieueita rueivt his Majifl^^ .timing unekitHtd^^ 
i. if/itboui ery.!fm>itftiop .itfl^ thtfr jC^^j', "Jlnrt Be 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH.^lc 

4i* ^Fari'ammtary Hts'r ok r 

A". •» Ow. L« could not come without one Servant or other tek 

^^ '***• ,. * .attend him : But if Mr. Jehu AfiAumhamy or 

J^. * .""y other that came with his Majefty, had been 

* declared hf the Parliament to be ^cendiaries, 

* Malignant!, or evil Inftriiments, by hindering 

* the Reformation of Religion* dividing the. King 

* fromi his People, or onf of the Kingdoms fimn 

* another, or making any Faxons, or Parties 

* among the People, contrary to the Salfinn League 
■ and Cavinam t then it was their Refotution, and 

* they were ready therein to givt Satisfa£tion to 

* the Honourable Haufes. 

* Ufvon thcfe and other Grounds they did itSic 

* to confer whh the Commiffioners of both Houfes, 

* to dte end they might either give or receive Sa- 
*' tisfa£tion ; ana accordingly wrote unto them fer 

* this Purpofe, leavii^ unto them to appoint the 
, Place of meeting : It was alfo confld^rcd what 

f Ihould be done in the Interim, till, upon Confc- 

* rence and mutual Confultation With the ComV 
*' loiffioncxs of parliament, the Matter ihould be 

* determined : And though for the Coming of thefe 

* Perfons with the King to the Sats Army, (no 

* otherCaufe of Offence being Inowri, or'Crimtf 

* .<4>),e^ted agatnfl them} the Committee of Eftam 
'''could not, in Honour and JuAice, nor without 

* ,Ite0e£tiqn upon themfelyn for receiving his Ma- 
' i^&Yi put a Reftraint upon ^jpi i yet left the 
' Bufinefs Ihould be divulged, Jndupon Apprchen-^ 
' Gon of the Iffue thereof any of theni Ihould' make 
V^hElfcape, the Committee thought fit, and dicE 
' .accordingly injoui Secrecy tn the whote Matter. 
.,,* While diey were cxpcfling an Jfitfwtr fiwn 
' the CoarnoiHioneiG o,f both Hoiifes, they rective<f 

* Adtcrufement th^ 5000 Horfe and. Disgooht 

* we^ upon their March l^orthwardxavrxiAs them, 

* no" £nemy being in thofe Parts ; ' and that two 
*, Mclleiigcrs fcnt froni us to them,*t're ihteroepN 
*^.e<rahJTcarched: 'Whereupbiy th^y judged it nc- 
*.|oeflafy, ahd did write t«j the' Cdiflfti iff! oners Of 
f '?ijirliamem,- to deUy the intend^ Meeting till 
*■ the. Army (houM come to a more cornrenient 

' 'Placci 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

, »/ E NCL AND.,. 4i> 

* HacPi .being unviUing thtf the Forces of Uve twoAa. uCv.ii 

* EiRg^oma uhhiU ^ngagc upon aMiftake; and . '**^. j 
' fo Ibon as they came lo 'BtreugHnJgfy they re- ^y^^ ■ 
< newcd their Ddirei to t^ Commi Aoners of Par- 

* liament for a Conference aboiit this Buiiners j to 

* wbichtbeConuni^ner3,by rcaTonof theErbdtelr 

* Occaftons* did not ^ree', 

* In all which the CommiUie of Eftates conceive 
,* that tbey have ufed their )x& Endeavours to give 

* Saiisfa^ion to the Delire of the Honourable Houl« 
*■ of .Commons i cfpccjally.' feeing, upon the very 

'?-,(irft Notice iheybaJoi Mr- JJhbunAam'i and 

* Mr. lhfdpm*i Endeavour to e&:ape, they fern 

* forth, on aU Hands, Otdcrs to apprehend thon'i 

* aodjAich, Diliejeace was ufed as Mr, Hu0i^ 

* vas agueheodej* ajid is now in }ft%pca/lU, ip 

* the, Cutfpdy^f the^i?epitty-Mayor : And as a 

* worthy, ana noble L^d, the Lord SaUafrai, 

* Ijifely <f9me fjidier, hath,, by Order bftheCcun- 
I* minee, nudeJuiown upto us, his Lord&ip and oil 

* dK.{ctt.i>f that HonbuiiHe Qdmmtttec can de- 

* dare upon tbcir Honour^ That, directly, oorlndi-i 

* n^is, tfacv were no wayi acceflary td Mr. ..f^ 

* lunum^t £fcapc, nor lad any Knowledge theve- 

* of, wJutfoever may he fuggefted to tbe contruy. 
f Allyhicb being conii'der»J, together with tqt 

* Letters and Paftri Go 'be prcfented this Daf ta 

' f the fi[oii& from the .Committee of borit King- ' 
*. dooir, wc are eooHdent that Honourable Houft 
' ijTil] :re& fatii(£ed with their Carriage iji ritis !har< 

• ' tkylar* and with their dthet Proceedings.'. ■ 

^-~ JLnot^ Lttttr, addrdlSl to th« 
. ^alccr- ibf ihe Houfi^'^f Peers, from the Smt 
j^wi^&vaxiRti M. NnvtaJtU t in which were in* 
• dal^ Copies of fevera] Tfitrs delivered by them 
^ to the Kiqg, 

' ' ]' " Nnvcafilty May 19, 1646, 

'■' Ri'^^'Koiuttnihle^-'- 

* ]2„^ ^^ ^*^ ^° y°"> ^^ ^^ ^''^ ^^ ^"y* ^"^ 

• ly^gavB vAir Lordfhips an Account of the 
, f-^luioer of his Majefiy's Ctmiing into ^r Amiy, 

* aod 


Aa. ■•rftri I. ''an^^iUprave voii'r Aii{'H;'e"w)iat"wiu to^&tfdi^nS 
' '"^"~. * for'tiieTiAIicppoJ?nd>irfJklHappintfr<yfbbtllr 
^~^ .* KW^ptos i ajid thyugh ai^ct We liaVtt ftad ni 
/ Ani/ff,er fpturite^, we 't(feeiAir iilciinTfe<lnf "tfpoA 
'* lis, ^inPiirfuance'of ftffjEnils-tontaljfttf w=tbi 

* Sutmtt Liague and Oif/MSw, Which 'ftaVe'feftn'v • 
'.and Qj'ei;.ih^I be,,the Scqpe of our Iriteh^(ftls',- 
.• ip.^v,cy«wrLprdij&ips'a fMher Acccftht dFwW 

* {s;|u^fa betwixt -hip MaJ^y' ancl'ns,'th^"Tou 

* i^ay^noyir the trui; ■Poft'utraf Affara-ftii*.-^ • ' 
' We did acquaint-tWCMntniueeof "SjJiiJr ait 

* 'B^nlmr'ih with tJie Klng'^ un^irfi5(f4'Capgn|; 

* toi US}, who did (end iid fbthe of thcir-M^be/s to 

* afift iisrmour'hfS'M^riiy:' ■Alt-buV 

* lAboiirs ,<ind En(lcai^r#'?|Sre" bce»t{'"ttijit ^ 

* woifldhaye been pTeared to fCnd 'fitcfi'sCla^Mlbiy 
•..Mef|a^to the PattiamifiY pr£;;(f&H>Wbu(' 
*. Cqiliinifi^oner^ at Lin^f'n, as 'm!g)lt'1>r^'ir-Klffa[Mr 
'■■Ki^fiwc^c ftWIriK-Sf Raig<iH''iWd tf\»tir- 

/. gi^u>i^i^;pM«^/aa(l, Brthis Bttft,'' ttoft^ho 

< wweJntruffed'b'y iite'CoihiijitteeD^ERiliafJ-by 
^oVAd^c. gave in ftveta\Papm'tS'^''tAi> 
*.icfty^'reprefcn^ing tjii; JteCJlutiotrf of' th^ Kihg'* 
' oc^.qrSfatlaMd'i 'vhireSf \tt -hivt ffl^^fi)' bur 

,*.Ci)[in^rflibners juft Copies j who wUl Diew thtf 
^* lap^ t^.your Lardfhip^'arid give you KAu^ur 

■ AC!c«inLof all that is p^ed. " 

. *■ We!' ea^neftly .d«Ji^-,that thfc P«rfi«tiieftt of 
**. £nf^n^ may be pleafed to fend fomii' Cebhtuf' 

* Jioncb&bmthemto be Witncflesof otrrj^e^tttist 

< and to give us Coh^u'rreMce and Afifttttt of 
, «. wib^t oMLy fell in ovff Way here ; ai^, in tht 

c niea^iiXime, that the Pwiament vnll'^inb to 
, ( make t^ely Provirioiis fbr otir Aniiy^ fjinft £|ili- 
( datif and. give Order^fblr tjicir Qparti^'ftrAidl 
' « Races as may be inoft ^otiVUiient for thf^ tS^.' 
Sipiid if the Warrant and at tbi Cemmahi ^ 
tht CammiJJitntrs fir tht ParBammt ef Sco^ 


'■"'■■ tit 


r,-,, ,^-,ir.- ■■ 1 ■■■ -■ ■ ' ■■••■ •,••■.-' -^ . 

'' Th^Papm pefcrte^ to ih Ae'foregoing Lttttr. 411., ,?s <i».^ 
,„.. ■ «,. i,s., . .-tHoMjlU, Ma, 13, 1646. ■ , '"♦'t' ■ 

* ""^ mme?Cing(lom of Satland, hearing of ^ouf pmlinted br 
'•■'R.4^rti6^((-Afmy before "tiiwark^ have '"^"V J^'"^^?'^ 
" ■fnaJiMva'to attend 'jour Majefty here 4 J'^aw'f etwi." " 
■* difU^ wi '(t^t^itvA to'^6ufMajefty,tbe'£onftanf 
^'Aff^iSft'tTidt <Htr Kiiigdom ever haJ," aijd y^ 

* doth bear, unto your' Majefty, notwithftan^ng 

* .tbu.tbeif pjwcee(faigs.,lv»ve been mifreprefented 
''t6 you^ anJ mifunderftopd .by , 

* they never had any Thoughts bii 
'' 'ttend ft'thtf Advaneemeht of Ae 
•ReRgktn,' (he-Pfdcmng of yooi 
«-P<«re?f»il9 Grtatncfs^'ard t»*e P 


■« Undftftartiiiag fcetwceH ftrt: S 

*'^m-~Maje%'s GovtrtiWiint;"* 

•'•iir rf</f»rt£AjjK^ and-fiiWrt«m/." , , 

'■■ *Ahdiiow'f]*ingy6urM^i9t^hastlTOri^fif to 

■ ■e6nle'-iB«b our^rccsTirti! ih '£'ng-/<fBrfi^''vre'-w>pe 

'* yeu mtlfc ^Mth Intentttfhs 'and full RefdItii<iblAi to 

* give-altAHSlitisfiuElioAtUtheJofntDeftre^ da''b6tk 

* yooi'KiilgdBim.forftt^irigMTnjthahd'I^Stei 
*. Rfxf ifiy»irf Majefty Coiiirt'lwWithefe rtaltHtfcn- 
" tionaj-ye^ Biay be.cfAifiient -that, next'tb'tKe 

* QlftrydPGodj aridtltePrtferttition ofpurO«hs 

* in-A6 &*wi^ artf rftMii wMi oiA-Br^hriri of 

* EnglanJt from which, with God's Affiftaiicc,'we 
*' will hot fwerve, ncrthingfliM be more tJesj to 

* them than'to pref«ve"'you'f Majefiy'and 'four 
» 'Pofcrity in their juft f b*.er 'aiti Greatrieiy;"' ' 

* ■ . i: I - ■■CfttL^aS%i(l.---BALMEi^"rSc>.' 

■ ■ ••''-- ' Lan»pk.'"" ' ' A. Hfei'K^RSk.'' 

» - ■■-■'-/ '- '- I i^nMffU,'ill^' 1^1.1^4.6: I 
Jktay it pliafi your Majeftyy 

'. youf^Majelly" 

* might 


«•. **^* ** * mi^t have Liberty to attend youF Nbje%, litj 

4 , '**f' i * that tou would beferved by none othoft j- fniu 

ll,j, * we lud in appointing Servants to wait on your 

* Majefty, was done but of our eameft Dcfire trf 

* have your Majefty well ftrvcd^ iii AbTenccpf yow 

* Majefty's other ^thful ah Junrufpe^edServAitsi 
.,. ' * and {hall be V^ry willing that ysurMajpftylbauli 

* n^niA aiiy to wait upon yoiii who have not beea 
< in aflual Service agaihft yoiir iKwScf* King* 

* doRis of Sctiland aiid EkglahJj or have ^pevcd 
. * lis'Enenuei toeJthtrof thenu^ 

Aiaf it pUfJe yaui- jl^j^ft 

* T JAVIKG. atquF.firft AudienreirepnTenteJ 

* X k our ^ope» and Confidence that your Mas 

* jefly came into tbe Armv with real Intention mn4 
« lull Refpluiion to fettle Truth and Peace in yoar 

■ Maidly's Kingdom*, we mall again renew eur . 
' Deuies that your Ma^eAy would be plcaifed fpee* 

■ dify to go about the re^dieft Ways aiid Me^ni t« 

* eScAuate .the lame>* , as well in EifgimJ a» in 
'^ SdatianJi which .y<Hic £ubjeds do eufg^t frem 

* you, and exccedingiylong for } :3nd U^yourMa- 

* je;fty fball delay thti.prefem perfoaquw ^lereo^ 

* we will be ne^e^tau^ for our own-Jlaooerai- 

* tion* to ac(]uaint the j^ommitfec o£ bf^^Kigg^ 

* donu at tendm, that a Courfe mzy be taken, by 

* 9 joint Advice of boi^ Jtingdc«u» for attaining 
*, the.juA £nd£ cxpreflsil in die Sai^mn l^tigiu aot 

* .Cn^uMt. ■ ' ■ 

f We arc further commanded toprcfent^o your 

* jur^eAyt how uleful we conceive it would Iw for 

* ytnuiScrvice, that yoUrM^elly would-be jlea^ 
*■ to reoiain yourielf from conferrbig Rifles of Ho' 
*nour, bcflowing {"laces about your Perfon, grant' 

* Ing Penltons, or any Manner of Gifts whatfo' 

* evert to any of your Svbje^ of Sutlend^ fgf 

* fotoe 'Hme/ 

The LartU, ■fWt' rek^iAg rill .tb4< ' fbKgtA^^^^ 
^i, otdcrtd Cm. ^.JUokild be c«duti«);^te4 W 

,,,^.. .-,.., ,,. =. . „^.. -^ 


■■ %f B Sf.GJfc-A'kSi- ■; 417 ■ 

lSfcftottfe(tf'(Jbnimoosat!(,Cdhfcr«cci atd^Aie-Ai'. »*«="•'• 
w^s tferired t6 bt hdd 'mefentlyi ,,Iri tjw niewi, .- ; ''*'• ^ 
Thnt their Lofdfttlps toblc lirto Cohfiamtiop what utj. 
Was to be laid to-^ht: CpmmMis A tt»s Canftrence; 
hi rektioil to the King's laft MtPlii' irtdtJii! other *!>•"«''«•** 

Affairs 1 aha^ at lift; agtted; Thifthe Scnfe fJf^;;^!)^,^ 

the Houfe, Which Vras to be tfeliverrf *; the 'ktHto 
Confcrencci was "diis : * That the t-ol^TOrtcciye 
tttcfc Ltt'itj's of ihe Kihg tb bt of higher CoHceW- 
«rcnt to this Kir\H(nh, add to brhig greater SatiT-' 
ftiHon, than any Offers (^Ocntiresof ptaafmc- 
mcfly ma<ie by 'his Mageftyi Ihccadfe ft tlJfcovWs a 
jreatei- Change jti his m^efly'i Thotights an^ O-i 
pinion? of the Proeeedtngs W", his ^arliimehB of 
both Ki^gdonrisj 'w'hlch hys a fJre Foundation** 
Our future Hopes of recovering a happy Peaa td 
theft thi'ee Itingdoms, which have lo^Lg lain un-> 
Sir Chisblodcfy an^ iihhaturat War. iltclr Lorj- 
ftiips know that the atTured EhjdyihetU of th!g 
fiAe mud he the Jting*S acting ac^orditie tAhii 
own Profeffiorij wTiich tannot 'be ^ the Tnfifi- 
iienihe ferit to him fVbm both Kirigdoms j chers^ 
fdfe defirc lit* to omit fo fair an Opfxirtuiii^j Tuft 
thai thcy'ihay^ with all .poflitte Speed. peffe£ltK« 
Prepifllion% irttehded to be feAt to-the Kingby tUe 
tivo KihgdoitiS of EH^knd and ^ebtiariS. 

' i'hat the Meinb'ers wf both Houfes, that are of 
the Comiiiittee of both Kingdoms, do tfonimuni^ 
(att the King's Lehir to the Seels C6mmiflioncri» 
to let them kh6W tha good Refentiiient that the 
Houfes have of th^ ^"9 and ExpreSent ihe E^ 
.faitee of the Kingdom itf Satlend have oiade, d! 
(lurltilng the timcous and £ood Uhdeiftandii^ of' 
the two Klngdonu, according to the LeOgue and 
iievaumt % and to affinc them again, diat tbe twfi 
Hoofet wU take Cmt V> preferra iJk fiiint accttd^ 
iag to die Caiahe^t and Tr.eitlfi to dcin dud 
s^Uocimy fome Courfe be thought of, how the 
King's Ootntiundi to Sir ^H^mai GlmLmi con* 
tertiiftif theStUTttate rf OkftrS, mrf^bfe feflt to 
'£11 T&mta fairfixy and "by -him to Si^ ^iumut 
^&ini^!iHk i uid w let i&eAi knew tb«t -iMr LefdJ 

.,Gt)t)^lc — 

*■ Vf"■.^^'Jwf*;t^"^ %.;^?t =^ Committee pf-TOneIrf)i)fc^ 

CpjuJitionS' to a ofiei^d to the City of Oxford, (for 
■ ..Oie Iparingof the (he^dinz of innQCept.Blopd) and, 

i: to be fent to ?ir Tborms GUmham for the Surrender 
■'ttereofj and to jepori the fame to this Houfc it), 

" " '."* That their Lanjihips.think it fit that ii tetter 
bcivnttcn by.fhejjoufes to th« Eflatca of Sa/iwidi 
to exprefs how; *d) ,t}ie Houfes takp their, declarr 
irig their. Affefliom to the^ Union .of. both King-) 
c}oim» and to defircthelr Concurrence herein J and 
tl)^ ^t he lef^re^i to the J^pfds:»id Ct>min(^s, that 
are of the Committeejof^boch Kingdoms, to prepare 
i Cetter, ahc[ oiler the!jaqie Co.botb Houfes/ 

' Jli!ay z6. This Day ^Remtn/lrdnci iai Petition 
from the Cityof Z^ffiiss.was prcfented to the Lords 
^ ^Idenriah Foot, a fagious Ojatbr, of the CityV 
at th^t T'Tie, anj.who had ofteii .appeared Jbefore 
them on the lilce Occafioit, He was accompanied 
now by divers othei; AUermen, anU i^any Common 
Council Men ; and fmce iiia Kernptifirance is an 
Abftraaof the fuliHiftory of '(hpfe. Times, as to 
feeiiffion and Politics, and is notffjfitedin Kiifit- 
vjorthy we thall iiifert ity wi^hou^'mai^ingiuiyfuc- 
ther Apology for theX/ength.of|i. 

To the Right HamurabUiht ^ords ajjimbled iif 
the High Court of Pdr/iatffetft. 

rKiLHniiHo ^^ HomSle RbmonstIiance and? PETirroTi' rf" 
the City of Lon-,^'* the Lwi Mayor y jfldertncn, andQonimmi, of tie 
AmtQtbe Locdi'o Qitj if Jjo'ndon, in Common CiuTial aJfeiabTed.' 

S^tSrp-** C\^ ^ ^"'y' '" th^ feft PI-^H doth lead ut 
CoRcftaidmK *.\:J..ta- bc^^U oiir ' Addrefles, '» wc nidt ' 
inch dw Smb. ^j^taa^y and J^uattUy do thefci with all doe and 
•*■ o:;; ' ^ -1. - 'fcumUe 

u («}.TheCownoiif defenil tlw ConfitouiMiof.thHRnpcailir 
lome Oiji^ and on the a^lJi of thii Mon^ refufed thcit Caotui- 
' 'i^i£e:-on»Di*id«f, 1^5 ipinft 101.' "tiv Tellm fbr coootr- 
Criir*><b'^ L«|l^ Sa Jrhi. B>//^ vd Sit mUmi Limit i 
vapMAi^ Sit7*iii£«^«»dSir^WfarJXf^0>.v 


B ,M«1 Ei*de8^'®^l«»..;wte«h^y0lJs Lbrdfliips ■ Jij>y«, . ' -*^' . 
-' the'Chjifoh. mA CeinSiwB-W^altih, an4 isibe 

■ *Gpd;; .^, .';.■■: ,:,, ;.,. ; .. ■ •• .,.,,.-., . 

^.vthSi5.orJttWs_a9iJ J'fl^.df *l^t H^rts, evPf iivlhis 

-, fosd^ ^feAf;tha( th^ Wl8V.«ial(Dpft at W.fM =' 

i*;,porfe. 05 &i^ ittk\ JflQfe'ythonGoldep Rei(i| of 
t J^ff ipI«W,»r4;<i!*fcfftifWfif:, ;» iha Church;; qt to 

• leave p^rtte,I»litt[¥WaSE^cHhir:C<Mjgregat>9ni 
^.,to talt§-uj^:j]|l)^t .%^ca^^fi^^f)'))i\aa Sdrvioa tfacy 
-^ pleafciv^i»fte»:v?ip ^flolc ifjipitViKf^a^ ^*^ Hoofa 
:'..hWe,itf"(JiY*^^nft, .PrjnPnySs an4 4«abap^m, 
-' iWfpeflyifcutSlW i rwhep J«e ^ineiStatc uppn ,>ur 

* ^IMe.Vtfi.-.yDir^iiorjy aftd ethec OrtUjMKfs ,far 

* Prt/hyteruil iGavcrniatnti: ^d yet find grit^te 
.* ,ai}d fef9i;i^£tJiitgrcgUiQns<Ia\ly,Qre^ed ijidi^eis 
.*;, P^re lof : tJuj-Gitj" and elfewherB, and coranu^fii^ 
•*:*rsqu*ftt9dii; '.'^ftd : jfnaififiifiHyyBrowiii/my ■ and 

1* BIfiJj)^Stniff abt^ly ;V6n;jecI.4n(i,.maintaiiific^;hy 
i* fuch aiSK.-»ftl)B„Fa| Q^!^|^i;h-Gqvcrnaflnt. 
'J profef^ ^^nfiJvci ^> be bt/kp/ffdtnt, vifi cai^ot 
.*.bMt lje.4ftifiifl«d,,at tfje-.^^na of S«a^iK 
.'..IV^lucb dir<;^e>'rt^ni&lveB.,:w(^ .Vt^en;;,, who 
L''ith^ .fUldfavovis^ th^y. . "fliould .ge^iinto 
,* ;P4fl(*t jjfl FiMfit, aod Tj(u5 m Mawial and' Cjvil 

.* of:tlfc PfiUiq .Peace, botl).;fif]t^e,CtiitfcViuid 

• ConnnQBrWealtl^. . 

D d a ■«We 



L*. iiOv^Vr. ■ * "We alfo caiiBot biit caU to Mud wtut Vowk 

1 '^*'' b , . *'wehaycmadgt(>Godln Aefame£<>wiiiwf,ai!wcll 

u__ • El3 0ur fi^)mieri/*rtff;AMtain>te preferretbe Right* 

' and PriYikges of the Pariiatnem, and the Liber- 

* tm of the KingdoiMf Aidto prcferre and d^snd 

* the King's MsjeRy's-Bcrfon aind Adthori^ in 
■ -the INnfervuion aiW-JQefeftce<^ the, true Reli« 
•- gion and Liberties of the Kingdoms ; that tha 
■*■ Worid may bear WitBcfs twth fewCorifciencei 
<*'«f 'OUT l!rf»yalty, -Mtd thit ■*« hate no TTioughts 
^ or Intentions to diipimAt liis' Majt^r^sitilt Power 
-■''irtd Greatnejs ; and 4o reft iii the Amirance ve 
'■^•liave received in ^h^ Mafty lommDt^arsrtkm of 
-«%]th HouTes'cofiiiir^'tag their {Ateiftkmk towarda 
*- his Mjtieliyi~}n3 Royal Pofterity,' and the' Peace of 
ir-'tfci3"Kiiiigdonli, Which we dtiiibt'-nbt but yonr 
,-*''Ix>n)lbi^ wilt prnTae wtdJ all f^nedv Difpatth iX 
i« f^^^wwitohisMajefty, now vhilft God doth 
**' fo Dttfcifullr and" tniraculoufly ^'fticAtg with ow 
■ Axmxa in idl tlte Paru of the Kiifgddin. 

* Wc may not, in the next Pkce^ forget our 
■« Brethren of Satthndi how, firft^' Aey were in- 
' intcd to engKge wi& this Kingdom in God"^ 
'^-Caiile, when yet they were «t Pence at bOme^ 
'in what CavettoBt this Nation is mutually linked 
"^ 'With them ; at what Time, in nktion both to the 
'■ weft ConditioR of our Forces then, and the Sea- 
'*''lbn 'Of the Year, they advcntarcd upon an £ne- 
'■•tirf warmly lodg^, and wdl armed and pr^nr- 
'*-'edt what they haye Hnce Juffercdiibr this Cau/e 
•"'la, thtSr own KWgdomj bow fuccclsiul ever 
^'fineeGod hatfa nade our Forces ^-'Aipprefiitg 
'"■Ae 'Common Enemtes of hodi Nations ; toA 
^';whit'prefent Hopes wc hare of K »eB fettlAl 
*'PtMt iriiile wexwntinus in tU* mulua) Aimt^; 
^ and' dten cannot Imt lament the many Je^owM* 
^ whicb the Eriemica of our ^eacc^ Union, anit 
-'* 'good Government do now ftrivflta'Wget bMwixt 
•'IoIa Nations; and we bemble at the &1 ESi& 
•^bentf^ if not timdy prevented by ^ WifiloiL 

* ^ the Parilaments of both Kingdmm. 


* We cannot life omit humbly to rcpicfentnMo Ao. n ^> 1* 

* your Lordfhipi Confideration, how many Citi- . ,_***^' „ _, 
*■ sen* have aixftiAj Aifiafed, uai how many trtwre '^"2^. 

* will be undone, if yourLontniips fhaJlllinmrite' 

* ufe of thai uidcnt Privilege to proteSyoutf^v^, 

* the AAifbnts of this Honourable Houle, and tke' 

* Scivana of both> and others, from bonr pre-' 

* cceded againU- in any Courfe of Law for Debf ; 

* which now, bccaufc this Parlwmcnt hath already 

* fat A) long, and is likely, by reafen of the' 

* Unfcttle<liK6 of Afiain, to fit much longer, 

* would efpecially require fcnie Expeditmt fer He- 
^ liel? of fo many as, o^rwiie, muft daily (aSBti 

* under diis Privilege. 

* And now that rtie Kingdom is almeft reduced; 
*- bjr which Meani tbe Rcvniuesof the Kingdom 

* mil be unbartlKnedt and the Cufloms and Ex- 

* cife increaft, and the Public Charge of the Kiflg- 

* dom decreafc { how that Delifiqucnta do- dmy 
*. comeinandcompoundi wdnow'that the Enemy 

* hue but fewHoldsUft,we ho[>e that the great wai 
*■ oxtt-actfdinary Taxes and Burthens on wU Cityi 
*> and their Trade, fhftllbe, ftirthe futun, abatedj 

* that theDflbts owing tb thfc City and Citizeni 

* of Ltndm, either by particular Aflurancea of P^- 

* liament, or upon ri»e Public Faith of the Eing- 
*■ dotn^ be tajcen Care for and dilUiarged, as well 
i as thofe affigned upon the Excllb } and may not 
^ be diverted ftoA the Ufi» appt^nCed by foim^ 

* Ath aoAOrMhancti. 

* And We burably^cm* Iietvs to prtftntj to the 
*^ ConftderMion »f this Honourable Boafe, th^ 
*- GatQanttteof HaitrJtflitr'p MaUy as bang' tit 

* o£ tiie gieateft Gnevatioes of this City ; ind 
i wbichi folong'U it is-eotuiniied, doth bin4ct 
*: ihe Concourieof People ttiemunto, and-tendeth 
t tnuoh'to the DeftFudkmW die Trade and Intu^- 
< bitaata tteKof. 

' * And now alfo we'«loubtw>c butGodltriU'give 

* tUe Ktrli««qn' Ibmc betfer Means and Oppor'- 
■ -tunities of Relief <tfourblce4)ftgBreth[«5'inJ^#- 

D d 3 ^ lanJ, 


, '-^^ . ' j^)reducuig'of<tiiM Kin^dom^ y?l)(9^, "befidcs ■* 
M>}. '*-i^.putiIip;aodcdiMiqh Jnterpfti LWe^K.patticu-' 
^.jlV'W .concerned..' ^b: ^ . ■' ':i", ■;;;■::.:... ■- ' ' 

^i. .Laftly, :\Vg,{kwf\4-h^vt: m»^AQ by- foi this 
*-,Cit)h:if-,we,cpuW iaiagm? (;t&t its Ftctelity, and- 
(_fQip(laU..^QfviCFs. and' iQsypti(»n,.t6 the Wrlia-- 
*,QKItt> «oiil4,?irher,tiie qbe^J9i|f)'l''ot forgotten ;- 

* ,:that little wfli^t .rifpreft ^ .tHe, Part of the 
*^!pity, Js, .not^O'ftppvt how l.&lm»s,w bavc been 
•,JnSheCau(^o^.Gpd anid^is:Parlia«ent; hbw 
' w fwe fpih puf filpod, ^d Tpehij.and huloouc 
^ eijrfelves:ai)d,otjr, £^tes in. Mmttenancc there- 

* of) how many public Ackuo^ttjgfaeiilvweJbave 
*'hy,^ of ttte'favourabt«Acc«ptacK^-of ttheni) and 
? .iTopriffs tft I?av.e Teftiaiomcs.ilie|abf; to Jill fu-' 

* ture Ages ; but; only to bef^ch; youi LordOiip* 

* tStCCn&lcr boW'! much obrH^Hts may jufily he 
*, di^^ed, DQ'Vf lh«t .God hath, foljowcd .your En- 
^;,WK04^ aDd;0,tw Ptayxrs with fe inioy. Succcflesy 
i,,w4.Woughttl)eWBr«riod»- aster 
JvlteSenfqofjyaJii, thaSlheEnf&iesoflour Peace 
^ .■flpsiuld.ifeiYB.noiiritft foW JcBlwfie^vbotweenlhe 
«nP*riiamefl( aq^l^Mty, as hatl>r,l)ttn'too e»i- 
i,di(i»of latei-flfti,..particular!iyijftjouW fofarpre- 
*-v4il» a» ip bp;hbleto rendtr tbe-fjiief Magiftrate 
\M liis CityyfrtlfrLord ,May6l, ifui^wiarfd j- tjnto 
f'Vhpm we c^lltrt/Wutgive thisjuftfisTiifliinoiiy, 
-'..-that ))f, in. bi^ PUcf^ hath futhfhUy ; behaved 

* himfelf, and carefully djfchaxged''hit''Office^(J}. 
" ■*^y<C;OouHaddjnjlc^(more of thcrtlaity Invec- 
>,'tiv^:»gAViA>^.froitttHe Puipit^andlother Places, 
f.,wher«the JB<{vit(^iiSiof thefA Sk^te-ieKare admit- 
t.Xei^:i tho fclirfik>u»-»id feditibusjiaiviihktB daily 
f WlLchtdin^.ilgfti0ll,tbi Cityt^^bwi thelgreat 
.^]Cai)t4l>#t of, an(l.iUifcotit:agenacDti:tOi^tIie-'Mi->- 
^JWAWRof the Gofyifl^ :jtfho- qdWiettr ^I'Prtfiy- 

* teriai Government : But we fh^coiirlDde-with 
^jidittibHef andhtimtltflR^spseierit^tioii'Of^ourPeti- 
.Sr4i«i|j ftnd UefiCcs(p>]nHir£/on]fliqat>iii!tUiiMame 

>»;■ - i, :-' c; i. 'That 

(j) AUcnria Mtmu 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

"' I. * That jomejT^edy^. |lria Courfcmay btAa, a» c«. fc 

* taken for tKc fupprefling all private and f^paratv ■ '^4^- - ' 

* Congregations.,... - -. _^.: ,.-.- ■-■; m.^. 
, 2. ^'Th^t all:Ajiabapti{b, ^ownilhi^ Sclii&ia-> 

' ticks, Hereticlcs, BUrphemcrs, and all fuch Sec- 

* taries as con/oni^ .not tq^hc •public DifcipUne 

* eflablifbed, or to be eftabji^od, by Parliamentj 
' jnay be fuUv^J^ciatid aga^hftj-ana fomc eifie^a) 
' Courfc Tettled for procee4'>%-:>g^i>A Aii^h Per- 
\ions,, ,- .,.,-j „.;. - .,;■..,, .. ■ , - .,:- 

. %. *,,we'are alL.Siibje^s of one Knig-' 
*aom,_ i) jil^ may, be-equaij./ required to' yield* 

* Obedience unto the Govcrnmsnt iei forth, oe tO' 
*. be&tfbrtt), 1^ ^cPajrH,an}«a,t{ ^, ;.,;"■,'• 

4." '*rhat no Pcrfori diiaffedtwi to dW; P-rffy->^ 
*. ^eriV Govcrament, fet forth, or to be fet foith, 

* by Parliaincnt,,,[nay. be.emfjj^yod inany.PIaceoF 
t, public Txuft, ,^ „ . A ,j-. '/. .. ' ■■ ' 

., j^ ' Thart-youcliordlbips woij)^ pleafe tohi^n 
^ Pr9^^««toi)ui Majefty,ftr fet^fng :a Tafe ^id 
*,„weU'groiu»ied Feoft .itaoDgB^ ifS, after, fii Wpg 
*^.4nd unnaturaKa War,- • ; , . .;.. ; ,- ■ ■ > 

■ 6. ' That.your Lordflijpst'accardingto the.{C0- 

* .vaiaitt and TrtatUs^ will pleal); ^ ftudjT all Means . 
*.to prdcrye, the, Union betwixt, tbe two ^,atiiOn» 
^ of Englatid an^ Scotland, aod.j:9;reiiKWC aU Jea- 
' loufies frhicb may endanger puf.pijUtUii) ^^jTA^" 

•;ipeiu...-. v;:.,,, _ . ,,i ij. >,, :,^, j^... . 

■7. ..' That -your l-ordpiips -^pviild, pleafe tpca^-* . 
•|iider.,of fome.5iean5> wbMHjyi .the Pnvj|l9^9> 
'.;Whicli tbe..b4embei;s of tliif Honourable .^qVfe< 
'..^Mid ,theu,4$i^n"> ^^ tb? .S^v^nCs !9f .^^oShy* 
' arif} yther(i,,,OToy, :by btjiijg .prQte4ed and «- 
*, empfed from, , ib^jfig: proc:^fide(i.,i^nil 'fof :fbfl'r* 
•'"rJcbts, mM byfo-nttriijig(*.3Jthat tha Si^jj^> 

' Time. '.;.'!;.,;.' .;., '1 :!;> io ' 

8.; sT(ijit;^]pijb!ic 'Revenues and Receipts 

• may be employed for public Ufes, that fo the 

' T^caof .^ Cityinaf b^abaiffl,- , , -; - -i.' ' 

* {laqtjent^ lo^y, actording to the Engagements 
' " D d 4 * by 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)^lc 

0. '»» tfv. I,* by Or£7ianc( of P^liament,,be applicdl tp d^f- 
;***^j;,'''cHat^e the great Sums owin^ to ttnS City and 
"■"^;^^^. * CitiacM. 

in. * That the Plymouth piiW may ^ taken 

* ©# the Trade, ri^ecially r^w t^i t^ /Fj/?^ i^ 
*■ reduced. 

11, '■'That <he' pfammihcft at ' Ffaherdq/hm- 
% Ifall may be prefttitly «ffdh«», or af Icaft fo li- 
' * mited and regulatsd, 3s.thattl^ City m^y ha^ve( 

•■ noCaufeof Coioplaiw;-. - " 

I?.. • That thf redifcio? the Kingdoiqof Ire- 
' •■ Imid tn;ay be taken into-Conrideiltiqii, before ^^ 

* good Patty tliCTc be tbo - ^1^ wafffed' and difcoij-j 
•'*aged.' ' " ' ' 

13. 'That thetwdftiiyirof fllis'City.maybfs' 
•■ fimy viftdicatni. - '''-.: 

14. • And hflJfj and above all^ THat yt^r I^ird-' 

* fllips wjtt pleafe nei to took tipoi^ any Expref- 

* fions of tbis our Remotj/iranfe and' Ptfiiioitf ai' 
••ehargng any "riling upon your trfr^ijjs, or a^^ 
*■ Ipwnded to inirendb upon any Privilege df this^ 
^ Hbnourabtc ffouTej bnt fevoyrabJy to afccpt 
' thereof, and fo to interpret tiieTamc a?^ froqi a 

♦^ ifeigle and hureible" Heart, it is {intcrciy (without ' 

* any ^ye Eiwfe, or to com^y with any Pir^ what- 

* fewer) intended and' breathe<^^ft)rth from the la.f 

* ffcsrte 'of the Petitionees, who Sn- overSchelme*^ 

* with many Fcari on all Sides I and'who call God, 
« the Searcher of ^1 Hearts, tg witnefs (bat; ac-' 
*■ conlifig to their Cavtnant and. Puty, their Ze^l,^ 
*< Devotion, ' and Qbedicpce is a^ feiy^^t^. attd pro-' 
^ftrate at ever to felye the Parliament-wUh theit' 
*(£JKsa:ul'Eflatas, a^nlta|! the Enemies of otir 
''Vi^xit^ and to cdnjdlti the Qity.moie. apd narc 
''t&th^ Partiiment,' Sind to maintaijt ^ Vmoi^D^ 
< boA JSlMioos again* ail Op^fcrs Whatfoever. 

*^ Att-whkh'wef hutnUy fubiait oAt^Kie Wififinn' 

* oT this Honourable Houli:,' 

After prefentlng the for»t^' ft*irf(!l, Mr.' 
AMfitid h^'wascomtnaiided'W'^-l^ra Mayor, 


. 5/ E »^QL AND. 4«S 

AM<Wien, and .Common Couijcil-M«n. of fi»M- *f^- '•■ 
pitjf otl.ttt4en,. to ac^aint the Houfe with a Copy . " . 
of ^.LftUr that the K'ujg Cent tacdy to tl)e Lcu^ ntf. 

Mayor i and it l>cmg' opened only Yefterday,, thtey 
^iiilc it prerent the fame to the Knowledge of 
dieir LqrdOli^ ( which Letter was ixad : 

for' our Right Trufty anJ WelUbelpved "the toril 
M^yor, Alijeiinen, and Comcnoh CounciUMen 
q£ Q\u City pf Lenden. 

Ntwcafiltt May 19, i64'6. 

'■ Rfghr Trufty and WpU-belovHT, \rt greet you 

TjA'VING tx^rtffid BUT, R^aliitiani to the- tyit . 
-" kaufe^ of, urf ornament of %n^zsi^, andtb,^^.^^ 
Cimmilt'ee of Eji'atei of our Parliament of Scotlaod, thit Cttj, 
to. give all ju/i- SatisjaHion^ to t^e jpiiU Defines of 
Ihtb Kingdoms^ we have likevjije novi theugpt £t tt 
affiire tije ttvo chief Cities of both o^r .Xip^oiKS^ that 
nothing ii more, gritvouf to uf than, the Trouhles anek 
DiJira£}iomi of our People; and that nothiiKon Eartk 
is more dtfved, by w, than thaty ik Rmam tou( 
Peaeiy^ with alt the comfartablt Fruits of' BAt&y, thtp 
may hefUefwth live under us in all Godiinefi and H6- 
ne/iy ■„ apd_ thit- PrefeJJion we mait for m other End, 
but tifityoti may know immediately from ottrfelvei Ottr, 
httegriiy 'and fhll Rtfoiulien to compk. Wlh our Par- , 
Caments in every Thing for fettling Truth and Peace, 
ami our Difre to have aS Things f^eidily. eandudedr 
tiihici) Jhali bf fbundrepiljbe for thtft End; ihatour. ." " 

M^eittr" to ihat.our ancient,Ciiy_ may be to the SgtJsfyf-t ■ .— '- : 
tipn of eiir Parliament, the Giiod-is^ingofyiit.^ji4^4flU 
iur'gobd'riople, and to. mr-eipn neat "joy, aadOn'i 
forf/W'i bid you heartily fj^^3i: "' ". 

. Tlie Cbtnpaii}; being nd)^(Jr9w;i» duLQfds.a|^, 
pointed the, Earls of. 'I$)rths0pberlaitd, Effixp Moff-^ 
&ejicr and t^nefilnty\tcx^\^^t Sef awl.S«%,.WUb ^ 
Z-ords Roberls ^ji^- ^^oi^hbyy to; confidw wh,aii 
Jafivef. ^^\i\ih^ ifetumed to the Z<o[d Mayor zoi 
' Cotamm 

L.._,-..K.::, Google 

4i'l^ tbe-Tatliameniary H i s t ^k v 

Anl %% Cw. I. CDintpin"''is.',iJe»jfl)^^ 
^i^.^'S*6-.- -' tliten;, ii'd'tobrcfentthe fari^c to^tlje flQufe.i 

jj' ; Tficii itKei^ LprdliiipE S^piinied during I^^aiujrc.' 

andthte Committee withdievy, ' The'H()i^)CE,;'^n^ 
rcfumcd,' (H^arl'or Mdnch'ifler reporteij^iyfiBt the. 
Committed had drawh'up' in j/jy?tffl''to"th"e Ki- 
menflrarue-wi i^f/i/im-of the City ^ wtuch was 
rea^,; and, after Debate, It wiis put'jo the.<iter-' 
tloni Whether'the Pa^er norf reajl ffiottlJ'Ire de- 
livered as the Senre of this Houfe hoW' at tKe ^r, 
to thePerfons that, J>)roiight' the Petition and Re- 
imnjirance from the Lord Ma^orj ;ftldemieii, and 
Coi^mon Coiin^il-Men:-of^jihe„City o^-^i^i^? 
ajid-it''was'refoWed in the Affirmative. i'. ' 
yy Mtm\randttm -is ,«nt<^^-i^.i}, ^he y«urm^ ^ut 
. r . ■ .'tfiSfdtlowlnff^ toMs J, before the .pyttrifg-gf XW 
(. -.. Quefij6n;; defired Leat% pf th^ Houfe^o enter their 

■ Difleiit afld Proteftatioh, if this Quellion lliQuld 
be carfipd againft their Voti'y which was granted, 
and th^'figned accordingly. '■, ,, 

NoRrmiMBERLANfi. / ,.,'.. KeNT., ^ 
Pl^Aij&iibKE and MontgoI^^rV'. ' 'Wf h^r^iOn. 
SA-^''WSele. '■ ■;,. .Grey. _, 

DfNSiOH., i''.! ., . ' .Howard. 

9AiJlSBUR.Y. '."'-' ■,;'.'■.,'. . MoNTAtJDE. 

' ■ The , Aldermin • and ~ Common Council " t^{ig 
called in, the^pialcer re.^',thc following fa^ to 
&ie,xa'in htKVerha: ',•.-"....'.,.,■•'. " . !j\ '.. . 

An AnlwCT of '* "TTjPE^jpP'^Vev^i'y'fenfiMe'of the great Fi- 
Thaolu from «' .t-'^elity ' and eoiil^qt Services of. .'the .I^rd 
^^^r^ " •'^ Vll%0^ Al^arWh;' ind" Coinmon Councfl "orA^ 
h«eouwi^- «'City;<ri<i«i>«,to*is"Rrere[itPaHiamcnt, yAich" 

* AeySiillnfcverforgeT. . |¥'liey acTchowfedgemeir' 

* Zeal, exprefled 'upon alVOccafions-, ill the Caufc' 
' of God^and this Parliament. 

' M' thfcmfelvfes and, t^ieir 16^ 
'■■nafiw'tWrebf-J- tiiey'^cv*! 
•, yoir'S^prCfEoVs iiii CaK l( 



*T«nfflrtpaiolIiwith vflur DtflrtB^tb 'hiv8'aTl'tte- Mt-'. 
'vrefps .S^biftn,: and BlafjShetUeS' fti^Jilrefli^'j' m' 
•■aHoIAkh youi-Refptiaife pwfcf^e the Rights «i4' 
* iPmileges) of Parliatttttitf the- Liberties tir the 
'; Kingdoms,' and to prefcm:.4tt<iidtfebi'hTa M**-' "' 
*«-jeftjp^IVifim'and- Atith«r(ty-'in the PreCtHixion 
'of'thelrBe-Religion an4 Libttrties'eP-thttKiftg-' 'v 

'idoms, hi* Royal Poft«ri«yaftd the l*ei^e^*f ihtf 
^.'-KingilbmB; u alfo far Yoii^ Dcfires for (he GHr(-^ 

* tinuanci-of.that UnlewbMtra«i ur atid btlf^^rt-' 

* tSrvaalSiftlBn/f^ of w-bofc Srtvicefl attdTStiffer- 
^ kigsfwc fliall not onty'hold-" a %ratefii*'Merti(Ji7j"' 
*'bBt» ..«pin all OccafwJMs, l give i RtftalUtioft':' 
< ynt(i:ab:^&jch.wt) hold Oilrfelv^, 'e^UIIfiritU 

* you, obliged by our Solemit League znA'CoH^itai 
T.- * Asitoihe Pertbnof tHet>ord MaVor,' tJftfltotds 
^ hdldahi^h Efteeiriofhim, -wconilng tti hJjTWtci 
*-(rit,.'3nftHave commairtdedineto let'ylou.'krfow'; 
*-?that hbriiing hath paffcd thii.Houfei atany *FiRte,' 
*-iin preoidke af-Umy and:when th& Pfartfcillafrt-,' 
*"whernii'He fifideftimfelf aggWeTed,iiiialT>fcer iiHi<f 

* knpWnunto"thcffi,-thiey fti*tt'b*'read/, M*P«iJ 
*:iiapierttafy^ay,-W do-*ftiv*!'ight\ 'i'-'* yu ■« 

* The Lords will ■takfe'^l«^*eJ ^((rtttJ^feliF 
' your Petition into fcrious and fpcedy Confidera- 
«.tion ;*arl2 -have:dt»nrni)tdMt>M» ta^^v^^'H&r- 
f.-ry TKankn fw-lhareftt' TeriiRwiiiei cT fcnfty and 
'^gwAAfeaimrii whteff'nMbHly bjMroiiriW'ohJs 
'ibut-rb^'yoiirAjaiotKi y^'ihaVe'CojfflafltPy fliahi- 

* fefted unto them.' : X-;. - 
,Thtn it was refohed, Xbat this Retnondnmce 

CommBii'dbiincil of ttfeXiVy oV ZoWan'Iftiall be printea. 
priiiti^^ and puUifiied, and likewife the .ifer^t^ng 
Jnjwer ofthls Honfe t ' lij 

C^effitJirt' beihte carHe n^ ',.' ' "; 

Serc^;rtierr,Dtfl*Sii: iHd , ■,..,..''1 

N^'VAiniiBEsiLAinr;' ^ ■'■- ' '■■ 

GreVT' ^;"-"- "^ -('^ 

^NBf^H. Kent. 


r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

428 The ParHamen(atj HisrajiY 

Ab- » Cw. I. ^tbou^ <\a».Pi^lUn WW f» wsU Rceirad fcf 

^- j(„_ is the HouK (if CatMBoas expreflcd greaC Ol&nce- 

at it when it came bqftiredMin, that the City fbould 

TtaftUPKltka take upon then* CO' [^fciibe to ^ ParltimenC what 

ISZjh^'i.r" ^'y **" ''* "i* ' ^'^^ "^ " '"^ loiAttJ .iqwn to 

^^ ^ bcwhoUy a,De6B» of the PnflyUriwt Party, it 

wai wot, liked, and received but tbis/cold Anfwcr 

10 k, * That it ^uld be taken into. GonfidcratioR 

* wben Ti^ ftiajl be convenient.' Ad4 

It 9^fW* froai the JoHnalst that even this An- 
fner ma .not obtainrcd: witbowt great 0{q»{kioa j 
^wNitinbfV «n the p^eitious Qveftion bong 148' 
tetinft 113.1 , wit. «a ^ Vaia Qyefliao, 151 
^f^n^ rp8- 

GanenJZMiilM'(4 caHi tiuaPnitimta infelcnt 
Addrcft- fr(«i the Mavor and' Common Council of 
tbeCit]i|of £«aiM.- Ani the Anfwerof the Com- 
notu he ftiki & pofitive Ddftamtnn, dut tbey le- 
taitMi to prtfav« their< Authority entire to them- 
idvm I for that then waa a. Pai^ in tlie Houfe of 
the lame Teappef with the Aderelleit^ who ear- - 
JKftly endeavoured to bflcak thc.Anny as ^ pran-> 
fjpal QbOac^ l»^teii Defipu. &f. 

l^iotbiag eld oe«iuf{iig wmth our Notice, we 
IML Bnd tba Tcafifli^iu of tb» Mooth widi 
a&otber Laitr kvm.t'bitiStfU Coramiffioners eefid* 
ii^ in ImJoH coocQfnui^ Want ^ Pay far duar 
Anpjr I 

Pur tht HetuwaNe WiLlIAM LentHau* i^ 

Sp£ AKKI( ^ liE» i&j/} i{ C0JtlM«N$. 

JF the leMixw $Mi^ia to the SaH Army* and. 
the giwns Order for their Qyarttqj^ wm » 
„Mi™^ « Matter of ^11 Coiir<iquence, or could^ wifliout 
*am!tftuyrtut * vr; g'cat'P'jrgufJto^ fufier a. Delay, we w»uU 
tf^ In their I ^ VPjy loQjl^ B> fi^ueiuly to' trouble the Ho- 
*»«7- •nouraUd 


-man ] 

' fKwnMe Houfb dAut 'tbM RuticMkr : ButAit.»CK.L 

* wiw we ooofidcr the otcecitttie «reat Wamt^ . '***' , 

* dut Afrty, wd Ae. infHpportiAle Bunhen thiit ^^ 

* lie*utx}B(hcCountiMwbcre Aejrdoitowre&lek 

* byra>l(iniiaMftnie«a»pit4'tetlKAni^,fffaMer 

* with they nugr dtfchtrge tiMtr Quvtm i (from 

* whcacc ovof <kngenM» iMbovMiieRcn aild fifd 

* Evilsmuft need* FmIow* is oun an***' ^ly '^ 

■ i^M-t from the Coaunitire «t nri» tf aMTfltf 

* fpeedily prevented) we do find a NecoStf lidd 

* upon us ftitl to importune the Honoun^e Hou^ 

* for fending a cotdidenble ^^PF^ ^ MoMKy ta 

* thit Annf.% .and ib themean Time to gin .Oi^ 

■ der far tbor QiUiterst dwt^ Dtftranou Which 

t mxy arife between -dwm sad th^CotttttrffOr-thB . '..V,i* 
.« Puliament'a Forcei, -may be avbided, and aH 
■j^rCorvfpqndtsice raty-bc mata^y chenfltod 
-* and emcf tained. ' > 

■ . * Tbefe Tfaiitgi we barn nraeftly pMfied «t tbe 

* Committteof bothKingtloiiu,andilo»ow>agiuit 
:^.-rancw to both Houfea at ow further ExoiMra»> 
'*■ t£oii ', wherein^ at we have ufbd our beA ElaAo- 

* vountoprev«ntthe£vU)'dutt4reUESit»tfi&>^b 
•* vccannoc'but promifekxAirfckes^ Aat UwHo- 

* aeur^e UoufA will tahe-theAmeintPlMr *ife 

* GonfidnatigiiLi wi fyte^yrmmxi * Caitft&brf 
« AaSwKtIto 

Taur tfftEli(mt*t Frimit-^md SenuMtif 


H. KEHMU>y. , RoaUT 3iUtClAT. 

Jiau. Hie Begging af dtisMutdi was jilflioft 
wbaOr taken up by bcAHouAn, in ^ebatii^-xhc 
Avcral Pr^i/kitat Sta pemti -trVA wen att 
: fimfted, notwitbftaoda^ Hwy itad boeii b 
f MonAs abMt ih^a. \But the Parttcviars 
II thefe, hting^wry leng. WC Quil (oftplHietill 
■AefWttc all aotmeAttd ^ iraofed togednr* n 
"•edctSBdwirbetag-prdet^d ta^aJCing, . 

... . fc. 


^9 ^ JPbr^f0catir^)Ht s!r <>,« r 

ini- <i c.r/1. ; In the meah tfiif* thfr&rtj CamAiffitiMW, ret 
. ''^*' . IHIh|'"in''/;«m*(ft,'-li)ft;'rtfr Ofportunity <sf ptdfent*- . 
.ji^ 4ng the Wants of ttlclr'Amy-ta thfl-Pwfianwnt-j 
W^d-Fenewed- their C6rttp\a.inu in tk«: ft»Uovrint 
£iMM,. which fhey'i'nclored)n:3CoV«adiAicfledt& 
«hf"9pe&kBf af the-Hliufc of i;oni»-'/r»-'''7''*9*«'-<(', 
idatid, from liV^r;^-^^/^^ 'y«n« 41,1 1 646. ' ' 
^" iBgt firftiii £emr^-fr«Yn-the Confmitttt of £f- 
^Wtg-m il/ifwajfo to- ttiel^intnlffibnbn^ rcfiding ib 
'jfcwijfci^"-''- ': '■_■■■'■ "■' ■; v: ; 'V.';..- Vli..., ;. ■ 

rr. .Miibl SeiidiiraiiliyS.a ■:■..:■ ..1 .- "". ,'V.'.'. ■' . 
k««>«\«|*« fi'rp.HERE beiftg>TK««.iB.oiii--DcCrea 
^ a^^ * ' *' ^*M.WjJtfcJ&«*«iJright UiMlatfiaftdJiig, arid 

* pwwanteTMy thin^te«imaj(itond ■to the" Wwken- 
' !(^ iil^nf.the rnp[i^i l^nmn^bciween'ttae'Katidntf, 

» nn-havQ. ^ougbt i6 nfcefluy-agawc M^elw ybut 

* Lordfbips that our Army is exCd^in^^nSiiuterr- 
■< edift that Cornenrf-tfaeCoiinty off JaeAirhere- 
** mthtyare how cfDnttered, by'Che ircic approach'- 
*'ktg't>f- the Parliament's Forces ;- wHichyocfatidt 

* liw^ Wing great Hardlhips upon oucAnnyv thro* 
■^ /hc'Want of Actofhmoditioni aind Mce^ry En>- 
-••lertiJnnienti bot aifoftM-cethaii urij oft Burden to 

* belmd'Qpon ttiatTarfwhich fliMi1d)!btc«ffifleti 
^ by~tbe teftiof tbe';Couotiy,.~aBd^d»r-0(K»fion 

* fundry Inconveniences betwixt ouririonrcs ai^ 
f tbofe of dja'PaFliamem."' ■ - v 

* The Confideration whereof makes us, with all 

* Earneftndsi td'deftttf^_jWir Lordfbips to deal ef- 
.< -ftSlUally with A« Parharacftt,' that io Money fo 
<T.%>A^li.pFefIeil foT,'Imay be/ptiedtly >proi^ed, and 

* fcnt to fupply that extreme Neceffity of the Ar- 
■fcfl*)^, and they theABy' be' eoaHed to giveTome 
'-*' Satma^Hon tOcths-Coua»V> foe ea&a'e:tfatttn ef 

* Part'of th« BuBden-^hith they nowwiffs and^ 
-< duft'you Wpuld de^'fkat Orderly be- given 
■ 1 to thc'-Fer^et of the' iP&iliaiiient to -forbnt to 
-'.^itol^ upon our Quarteri/that w&may enlarge tbe 
*^ f&die;\tbht lhe^ttls<Pa('t:Of. the;Counti».-which 
*^ bears -the Bundta b£ aU-be opt utterly srafted, .and 

''"the Aiisies fiiuvedi being hopeful, if no Sug-^ 


' dy be fent to^ t^e Arma, and we, forced to en- *»■ "\p"- *• 
*■ lafee pur Qii&rtee ft^'aVoMih^ tKi)re^Evn3; " iH ' "^ -'^i 
' tttTfiSk? ite Burdeiribf thiaPart df ^he.CpiJ'ritry , .ja^. ^ 

* t6tJ6'Rgtitehed,l(l'willberi^tl* undcr(VbM,an^ i/ i. 
•.'ftit'ye havenofuitber-FiSsnitrembuttq'iiit-e; 

* fervc'Ae',,Armyand Country froilifeilin; 'Sft'cx- 

* p^SiiigyourUiligfentd herein, wertmairt"'; , 

''..■' '■■ ■ ' '}'■ A0Miikah'Fr'ffndi^ ■ | 

;■:.'.- '-r: . -:tEVEN,r-' ■ LANEMC^- ■• - 
.: i"' 'LOUDON,' BALMERINO. * 

Next a Letter from (he.£cots Conuniffioners' re- 
Ildlng'mi*i*(ft», irtSupport of the fijregoii^ : 

. 'Right Henoiiratk, JuifZy ^M- 

* TTTT'E' have very frequently reprefentcd to the And i diM fno 
*■■'"■ Honourable Hofifei Ih? extreme Ncceffi- *^^S™"'^ 

* ties^MTthe 5ra(i Arrrtyi'ahd the dangerous Ef, "''«*^ 

* fe^ which' were' like' to follow, if feme more 
■' effettuat'Courfe be hot'taken fOT'.theirniccflarjr 

* Provifi'filis, whereby th^ Counties migWt beealw^ 

* ■ and they not beburthcrifome to thofePlaces where 
*th«'did or do qiiartfir; " We have alfo canttftly 
""defiredj-That fuchr Compldnts, thdtwere or 

* fhouFd fen- the futurt be fent up hither cohcctn- 

* ing any.Diforders in that Army,' OT Abufescom- 

* nnttcd by any Peribn or Perfom therein, might 

* beiiladerknownunto'us, or to tHe Committe'e 

* of Eftates upon the Places promifing that,"upon 

* Intimation given i ind Proof jriadc of die <Mcnce, 
■< the Ofic^ders IhouH: te coniiigrtly «nd fcitm'- 
■* [jlarily puniflicd.' '''■-' ;''■:■ 

■ ■*■ As by'thefc and aH other poffible Means snfl 

* \V^ys,v« have diHjefttry' *nd faithfttlly en^a- 

* Vou'red to prevcnti™fiinderftinding»'aiid' 6if- 

* ferthces'between the Kingdoms} fo- (.from \iie 
«'Con(tienceof the StUmn-Ltague and"Ci^tJimtn/, 

* and bf the particular- Tnift'-^ut upon USfj from 
-... .-'' , .. ^i- ,<i ..; .,. . . •*the. 


Ad. ■k.Dw. I. * ;0ie {lenfe of the preBfif and ftill unttmc^M 


' 'Sul{ectngs of our Amij', our Kan 1>eing alb.'ftlled 
' with the Koife of ComgUints etid Iniomu^pnd 

* c6ine ^gajnft them, whlcli foQie do not oiilf e^lily 

* bblieve, and readily entertain, tut with, much 

* Art Jfrea'dAiid aggravate } and, finally, that wc 

* may, for our o.Wn Exoneration in point of Du^^ 

* leave no Mewis iine^ytd which Way hcd "the 

* prefentj and preveftt all f'uture Jealoufies) we 

* caifnot clibofe, at this Seafon, but exprefs that 

* whicb3ilih 'Aacb upon l!tit' Spirits, and which, 

* b^iigtim^yhhElnadiMtdd'.utrm by the Wifdont 

* of both Houfes, may produce good Kffe£b to 

* their aoiii «*r<k)mfort. ■ 

'*. Ag we are coi^inn -to Aje .Sincerity of otif 

* own Intentions and Endeavours to pr«(erve a limt 

* 3'eace $nd Xjlnion between xbt £ii^4oim, 'ami 

* totH-B^tbe W«rto a^iappy and fpeeayConclu- 

* fion}^ lb -upon our certain Kfiowledzc wft c«n 

* fay,. That the PailiameiU ef the Kinc^ooi of 
.* S{etkK4t ^di iff the. Intravals of Paniameot^' 

* die Cpnunitt«e of Eftatec at home and witk the 

* Army in this Kingdom, jiave proceeded, and d6 
"* {necoed, upon the jame {Principles, and toward 
.* the faroe Ends.i of which, fo far as concenuth 

* the Committee with the Army, the Commifiionk 

* era of both Houfes have often upon the Place 

* givsn aityile TelVimony ; which w« doubt noc 

* they hav« done here alio, at they freely dedar^ 
.* they would do. Neither hath that Kui£dom(to^ 

* our beft Knowledge) failed in the PeiurmwKB 

* of any Article of the Trtaty with this Kiagdwu* 

* which was to be jierfbnned on their Part, al- 

* though Provocations have not been wanting.; ib 

* that we ate axeeadiu^y atnaled to hear Alcb 
.* Koife of a Breach expe^e4 between the Kii)^ 
. * <k)m», which if it fiwuld ^1 forth (as ^ . Lpnl 

* fbrtHd) w« are confident it neither hath tiot lEb^ 
/ have any Cauic or ..Rile from our-Kation.: And 

* -wc am jva lefs confiijent* That a Curie fxtmt ■ 

* Heavea fbaU be upon thofe Perfons,- who, for 


V :\f :E :N G LA >I t). ^jj 

I'liett own %n3a tnt Inttrtftij coloured withAa. s.CM.'t 
'fjfe *K»u|jh-f}«crouj Priittrices, are or ftall be .■^.'.''*'-. / 
« plotrirtgd? aaSiig all rt>«y can to hinder a Peace j^_. 
•; and to tfontftiue t War ; and when, througlj 
« God's Goodn^ts^ the common Enemies of tltcKt;- 
••ligSon and jiift LiBcrties'oF-bbHi Kingdoms ^re 
« in to grea* a Meafiire hrrikeriy left this Qlouli 
.« mike an EM of the Wifr, db, or ftall apply 
" thetnfelvei to fow Difcord atnongft Brethren, to 
« make divifive Motions, and to create and 'u\cre^Ce 
^.DiScrcnres between the Kingdoms; and, for 

* th^t End, are cxtrcmrfif vi^lant to catc)i,"a'na 

* a£Kvely tofanprore, the fiiiaHcftOccafions, tii!(cn 

* ibmetimes ftom gh)uridlcfs' and falfe Reports^ 

* fometimes ■ from the Milcarriages of fcKne few 

* private Perfons, pinched' with Want and pro- 
» voked WTth Reproaches-. • -' 

' We ftiall heartily vfifli that He, in whole 
" ;Sight all Things arc li'altec^ rfnd manifcft,* may 

* difcoverand ttfift all fecret^Enemics of Truth 
<-and Pe^ce, whoever thcy-6e;and wetrnftifiat 

* God will ft) direflrtie Honourable Houfcs of Part- 

* liament, tHfat tfley ■i'tll never coinply with, nor 
■ connive at, the Counfeh and Ways of aiiy rai^^ 

* -which, far Aeir own Advantages, would not fpare 

* tt> let in that'Plood ,of Mileries upon this Ifland', 

* which cannot but fello# tipbii the Engagement . . 

* of the Kingdoms in a War. 

* W« do aHo expeft from the Juftice and Wif. 

* daAi of flic PitrliBment,.That the Brotherly Why, 

* ftnneTly ufcd for a good Corrcfpondencc btt\ycen 

* the KtngdoRls, itiaybefemeihberedandrefumeJi 

* and particularly that, according to the ^att of 

* both Hotifes the 17th of Oilenr, 1644, in Re- 

* Amtce to oui'' Fafir of '^ i4th of SeptnnlftT, 

* 16+4, what Douhn or Objeftions Dial] aifiSJ- ip 

* cither Houlc, upon ■ Codltferaiion of any thtiuf 

* pro^unded cpncernitig the Srtft Attmw in j&^- 

* iani at frehirtdi Hie fttne be recptnmktcd tp'i» 

* Commitree ot" biith -Hoofis, HhAt«fter. Debate 
. • with us, andfiill tJndetftaniSiig Of ouf Meiffiinj^ 
■• thcRefutltShcnof mavb&reKtrted. ' ■ ■' ■— ' 

. VoLXiV. E c «lf 

r..„ .,Gt)t)^lc 

The -fa^afitetitaiy KiHT^jty 
y If TUfV ^ f{«muii>^ H^'P'T'lt Of tM^ibi 

' Naipe oC th?t ■J^^j, titft ^, ^.(p«dv 6»uf» 
^ ft^bon'fliall be.g^c^ whp^ it flMil (^ itSted f 

* and tbc DdiD^utnt^ w^ea th<y ihdl Imi pud* 

* luunvD) .feverely puni^ted ; aw) If Hf^f- ^ ("^^ 
> as l^vcferyed.ip J^nffi agtui)|lt^ pvUvBentv 
* . fhall be nnioved <Hit of t^K Army: In vhick 

* Particular ttu: pF>1Wi''^f W^ ^^P Arpy.^id 

* lately givean Eyidfncepf.tbe^-'Wipjngpels, fp*. 
f .Qii Qcc^ipR of a J^odon oifere^fron^ (ome of 

* thcmlelves to {mat of the Cowni^ofiGrs of the 
' Parliament, that a Paper toigju t^ 4eIivenB(t t* 
^ the CooiRiittec of Elites froo) thaf^.Qof^ntifo 
*.iioners of ftfl'rm\Kpt, defuifig Jli^^.^s h^:btca 

* iii.Arnis againft the ruliaiiUDt,'.fc^;-Vf reatpyeJ 
.* Dtitof thacAimj^ ' . 

* After this ,a P^f was ^c^yfTCd frofn the 
'■Canintffioners of PaHiaitKnt, B''WPJk>gi .T)^ 

* iru<9i Siu^6b of t|ge Cr^nfi^, t^f ^j(i(^ as have 

* Jervetl the EneiDy^ and bJ^r o^ qc^onnedCB 

* tlie CirdEi'iwxce of P^jiatncfit, ^g^F.'^ t*fiWY^ 
•" out of that Aripy. ' The, lOgrow^W* «f S^si**, 
^ did return a{no&iatisfa£bw-^};jfv«c,'^ndefi^ 

-«, tl;ic fai4 Gotnnij^opcrs a l^^iOf the Naiftes of 

* fuch Perfons, that th^^ght uiAafidy t^ ^i(. 
J^j^Rgedj promiiing auo they ' f t^caifdvop ftould 

^;d^gc|ntly enguixe aftfr thein^:fui^..nulcp it ap- 
]. near' how [CordiaJly they lov,f arid bpno^f <bc 
'i Parlian^t'of ttfi^^^Cisgiio'tn f ■ all^wi^^h;^ t 

iftia-, abojit dw X™5 .■"'^ **4-. KBniofl^ gf pur 
; Ai^y frtun [Aflrvi^, the iQo^mi^cwi? ei[-,Ba»> 
'* lia[n^nt,<ac:j:pr^gtof^cb■lnf<ral^^G^ j^ ,^Mfr . 
i'j^M, del>v9r^d,m a I^j»f the Pepfojjji .iKh*^in 
^>'fe?vi^--PW«!^'«''^"''*^^ Wr. A^J MP*« ■ 
,^,to|p; t^it ^ iisve4i3g|^nft't^e..p3rUain^t4 

'«^Commttte*J;^49aitVW>W«4f«6Ww !*%J>»- 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

■ of t'jfGh Aii h. ' . , . 43j' 

* Iiun^itt i y^aj'having come m witli that Arn*y **■ »> C**- '• 
■ at their Entry into this Kii^dom. And 3S to ; ^ '^ ' , 
*' any others ih that Lift, the CommitKe reCnriKfl ■ j^. 

* this Anfwer, THat, according to the former En* ' 

* gagement iri tKcit Anfwtr of ihe 17th of Apriiy 

* fuch Perfoiisfliould be removed out of the.Af- 

* '"Xt ' - , , ■ 
.'-* Their WiJIIngnefi to M^ecmc Jwfticc hath' 

* beed maiiifeftcfl in the Gafe of other Ofienders, ' 

* as v^ell as thofe who have been ih Anns againft ■ ' 
*^the Parliament. Upon foaie Comphftits againft ' 

* the'Reformadocs that were in that Army, by Op- ■ 
•'derof the Committee of Eftates they were foith- ■ 

* with dtfcharged and removed cut of the Army. 

* And upon fome' Difordcre cooimiKcd by others, ' 

* a Council of War was called,' and the Perfons 

* guilty condemned ahd executed. ^ It is tru^ the ' 

* _Co mm ills oners ol* the two Houfes ddivered a- 

* ^retcflatisn "^ainff that Way of Proceeding by ' 

* _a Coujicil or War of^ the Officers of the fznqe • 

* Regiment to whom the Delinquents did belong, 

* but' it wa^iitei;'flie Council of War had met, and ■ 

* iht PtfrTonSwet^fentcinced. An^ cpucerningthat • 

* Way pf Procedure, we (leirrc it may be confi- • 

* JefM, That it is the conftan c Way of the Mi- ■ 

* litiiry Difcipline of Stothhd, as it is in Germaay ■ 

* and many^other Places of (he World, and which 

* every Regi:menit claiineth a^ their proper ^viiii* 
•lege. Sortie otb'era have been lately pi« 10 death, . 

* and what more can be required at their Hands? 

* As to the Complaints of the Gouptry. of their < 
•' gtfaft Burddhs : It is no wopdi^, fieeing one Cosr ■ 
'■^ner'therCof (uftaineth the Burden of the Main;- 
•'ttniihcft of tiiat Arhiy, when it Qiould becqua^ - 
•" l)^ laid i^n the whole Kinsdom : For Remedy , 
■''wheWOfi' the Army, arid we )n theijName, have, 
•"ttitri much' Importunity,, dirfired Mes^s.from ihe ■ 

* Parliament t6 relieve them, or to fupply the|ii' 
•'felveB; ani they arc moft willing to allow iii 
**thdr ActotlD^', v/hat theyrccclye in thei£ Qi/ai> 
•^teti; and' havj^.ofcea dcCrc^.Comini&Own tb - 

t e i " 'be 


436 ^he Parliaaunfary. Hi s-t or y 

/m. II C*r. I.* be fent (I0W9 to concur with theift to adjuft the, 

" *^'. / * Particular i and if they Vncw of any other Way, 

■ hM. *, to keep themfelves from din)anding orftarvmg,. 

» but by taking of Quarters in the Country when, 

' no Money is provide^ for thetn, they would moft. 

* heartily embrace it. ' ' ; , 
* When we (hatl know any dther patticular, 

* Complaints concerning piforden in that Army^ 
■then we fiiall be ready to give fpeedy, juf^, aM, 

* fkttsfa&ory Anfiveri, This we can fay for the, 
* • prefent. That although Warrants have'been if-, 

* fucd out to invite the Country to prefent their , 

* Complaints concerning Diforaers committed ia, 

* our Army ; [the like not being done concerning, 

* Diforders amongft the EngHfii Forces) yet upon , 

* the Knowledge and Proof of any Ofience fo , 

* complained of, Juftice was done, which is the. 
' moft that can be required : Although, Ukewife . 

* all the Time our Army was before Nrwari^ pur 

* Foot Soldiers had only one Penny Halfpenny ptr . 

* Diem in Money and PrOvifions ; whereas the . 

* Englijh Soldiers, employed in the fame Service 

* with them, had Eight-pence fer Diem, ani , 

* Twelve-pence every third Day when they did , 

* work. And although ftri£t Oitcipline, and Juf- , 

* itce againft all AbuJes^ ufeth not to be expelled. 

* from an Army which receiveth fo little of their . 

* -Pay, yet therehath been more Stri^neTs in pu- . 

* Tiiftiing Offenders in that Araiy, than amongft. 

* chpfe who were afuch better paid. 

*'We defire not to afperfe any, but oijly to 
•"vindicate the Reputation of our own Army, "and, 
* 'to move the Honourable Houfes to takeToine, 

* 'more real and iefTe&ial Courfe for fiipplying their , 
'"Wants; and that they rtay be jleafi^j.for pre-. 
' venting of further Differet^ces, and (ortHe.gjeater. 

* 'Eafe of the Counfty, to give'Or^ef to theConi-t 
*^tteeat Tark for the ^uiiteririgof J6p' EngSfli, 
'"Forces and ©urs in the ifioft cbrivfivciit Places j. 

* "as likewife for Ibndtng to oiirs a cpfifi^erable Pro-, 
'"portion of 'MonM' to .difchargrf'tfierr .<i^^rte[m. 

* 'imifreflercThril'dttltnie fcifetttftleii. ' ' ' " 
*i • * -i .It 

r..„ .,Gt)t)gle 

Mf ENGLAND. -. • +37 , 

'^ It is not light, but grievous, to uf, to hetrAn. n or. t. any Difortlers at all commitied by any Per- . "**■*'■ '. 

,. fon in that Anoy, (how great Ibever the Kc- ,,y^_ 

* cel£ues be unto .which they are reduced) or 
\ that our Army fhould be any longer burthen- 

* Ibme to this Kingdoms And we do, in the Nanus 

* of that Kingdom and Army, declare and afTure^ 

* That as they came into this Kingdom upon an 
f earncft Imitation from both Houfcs of Parlia- 

* tnent, and for the Ends cxprefTcd m.^cxCvumMl 

* and Ttm/jt, miDnlarvtitii of .both Kingdoms, 
"■ (fhe Clofe whtrA>f doth exprefs the Refolution oi 

* both to have- Truth and Peace fettled upon a firm 

* Foundation before their laying down of Amu) 

* fo their Continuance neither is, nor iball be, 

^ niadc ufeof to the lead Encroachment upon the "^^ " 

*■ Government of this Kingdom, nor to any other 

*' £pds beftdes thola cxpreffed in the Covenant and . 

* 7»"m/jij and .how fbon foev^r .R^fi^iM and Ptea 

* vtaX\ be fettled accordingly, our Army and Garri- 

* fons Ihall forthwith remove out of this Kingdom. > 
%• * Thefe Things we Ihall wifli may he fpeedtly 

* done, and .that the PnftfiHms for a fafe and 

* well-grounded Ptact (which did for a very fliocC 

* Time remain in our Hands) may now, after fo 

* loDg Expe^tien, be fent to (he King; thar* 

^ upon bis Koyal Confent to the Defires of his - 
^.People for fettlipg and fectving of Religion and 
.* Ptacty his Majefty niay rqtgrn to his Parliament 

* bere ; all Armies may be di(l)and^.; the heavy 
5 Preflures of the Subjefb ended ; and the King^ 

* doms may remain in a firra Peace.a^d Union to 

* all Poftcrity, according tq the Soltmn Ltague and 

* Cfuenaat.' 

All the Notice we can find that the Parliament g^,), Hour--" n- 
took of. this \ang Remenjlraeci w^s, that on the foKe ib-t ihr, 

{»th the Houfe of Commons, at a Conference, de- ^y,™ hl'si*' 
Ivered to the Lords the following Vttet for their ArmJT ' 
Concurrence, which were agreed toby them. 

I. ' That the Houfe of Commons do declare^ 

That this Kingdom hath no farther Ufc for the 

E e J Conti- 

r..„ ,Gt)tH^lc 

438 irhe Parliament0fj HjsTory 

Aib'Vi^. I. Coniinuante'of the Scett Army within the King' 

] ■^*^- -; ;i0iri of ^nglM4.. ' * , 

fine.' ■ *' ' Tbtttoe'Smn ef 100,000 A be forthwith 

* ' provided' for the &Wi Amiy; 59,000/. thereof to 

he paid itato tfaem upon the Dettveiy of all the 

Gacrifons e^ccept Bervikk^- which is to be onlcTc4 

*nd dtlpofed ^f according to the ^rtaly ; and the 

9ther 56,00c L when they fitall be in the King'; 

issTA^ Scotiand. 

■ 3. * That this Houfe doth a^ili dciire, that the 
finfi Commiffioners will fend to -the Houfe the 
Accountsof:t)w'AiTean of their Army ; and doth 
Jeclore that,' upon die adjeffing of the Accounts, 
they fbalt bb fatisficd that which IhslI be due to 
%haa. accordiag to the Tfta^.' 

Th« S£* Oi«. Jiaie 8. The Srt*j CommifSoners fcnt another 
^r-.X" Mh!^ir ■^'^ ™ ^'^- 1^"^"; wit*> one inclofed from the 
Coniiua, on pre King to the Marquis of OrmMd, in Ireland, of ^ 
ftnting to tho very'ftrange Tenourj both whidi fufficiently ex- 
St *.""'■ Plithcofcto. 

Marquii of Or* ■ 

w«^ far the Sight Hm. the Spbaksii if- the Htuje, of 

' PsbKs pro Traipore. 

. : Right Htfi»uraj>k, . > ■ 

f 'T'HIS inclofed i»fl^«-hayihg very bW^y^nn? 

* A to our Hands ; which, 'auhough it bad no^ 

* fo much as Colour enough to decnve, yet, never- 

* thelefs, ac Major-Generat Mmra, in Tcftimony of 

* his Integrity, did communicate the Thing to the 

* Commiffioners of Porliamentin l^fr; fewe, for 

* preventing Miftakes, (manyGopies of the ftme 
' Thing being fpr^ad among the People) have 

* thought good to communicate the fame to the 

* Honourable Houfes^ with our Senfe upon it j, t^at« 

* by their Wifdom and reciprocal Care, a right 

* Underftanding in all Things may ftill be preferVr. 
' cd between the Kingdoms. Whtther any fudi 

. * Letter wks figned by the King at Oxford, pr 

* whether it wasinvented of purpofe to uipport a 
? declining Party, we do not know »■ what may con- 

- ■ * eern 


*'cemjhc Eiiij;7A,1twc.4eave"to lyjiiielf, wliojw^' ^"■ft'- 
*' he hath", tlncc tlie Date <}f that Jbi^, cxprefl«il « -'M- -- 
*'coiitraJy fnfcntiohs and Rerplutiom i^ly^ A^'/~ imn, 
''/ages t^hotH ^n^omSf So he can beff tell wjiat , 
'he VToit at that Time ; we are only to fpeak to . 
•"this Mattt'raf the _Paper which Cometh from the, 
*'Hand of Secretary NUhglasl up^o whofc'Iofot-, 

* matioos *liat Credit ougbt .' ( givea»,- tte 

* KcxiffesVirJ''well know.., , ,',. . . .. , . ;, » 
• * tt dotn coafift with our perfeS Knowledge, and , 

*'.wedtefai-e it with^as oiuch Confidence^ ever, 
*;w^ did of' any thing.that the' Matter of. 
*^ftli t'^^3, fo fir a» conccrneth any Affurancc !<j(r , 
*. Capltinatilin for joining of Forces, or for C,o((i- , 

* bining Sralnft the Houfea of Parliament, or any , 

* otlier private or public Agreement whatfoQver, . 

* betweeii the King lipon the one Part, and the , 
*"Kingd6in'df i«>;/f7W, t.Hejr Army, or atiy ip . 

* their rvalue, 'ind having Power froio thei»,,Mppii > 
*• the mhfii'^art, is a' moft damnable Untruth,. , , 

'.yVeiull rfot need lo",improbable, . , 

* ■ it is; if thftc^ liad bew any' fuch AgrecnicHt, that . 
*"the KtJig,ab6ut the ftirie, Time fliouldiUve lent, 
^'aMi :o come to, 
^'totlii all Tiiii\gS, . 
•wltiK the K'ftg-- 

* ■ doth't receive^ thj; , 
*'A/4b fuch'^Z^-. 

* tertd ;c itlfopw/i, 
* ' not o ia' bis otM^ . 

- * N( Is it is tlwt 

<4tie£ 6 thcMWr, 

*^quise^ , ._ _ liijt the late , 

* E»rt of^iitatnp,, who^lj^'l been much'. more, 
*'cortcefnfc^;' and.who'would.'no doubt, it he hatl , 

* knownariy fiicRT^ing, hkve communicated the , 

* lame to Mdjor^Gencral ^j^WirfoH i, and prcwent- 
♦■^ed the defeating of hiin^f,- Tiis AlTociates aR,d , 
<■ Forces, i.4bout the Middle of ^)y after thelCtng . 
< was witji'the Scan Army, ' , 

E e 4., *'Not 


4^p.^ the ffpl)fmenti^-}ii&;^ ot,Y 

*»: •*'^'- 'r. • Now how unUkejy it-is th^ fee^Y.'io-'^vf*"'*^* ' 

, '** '. ' ^TVnUf ComttJaiirfcripChiff far the JmO Forces 

^■jtist. ' in iJ-wanrf, ft»M .be for tde Space of (even pr 

* dght.Wcclu totally, ienoratit of «ny fucS Agree- . 

* ment; or, if he' had kl'pwn Qrajiy fo^h, thit 
■ he ftiould not hnve communicated h W th( Com-: 

* miffl&ners of the Parliament, and imoicdUtcly 

, *"inaRThcdh!ftifelf tii (he Field agajnfttl\e Enemy: . 
-■*' Nor fl»lJ'we''net^^o call to Min^the Exppef-. 

* .fions in the Lqrd Dijby's interccptpd Leuen* 

* Trhith gaye oEii" "Nition'the' CHaraclcr of fucji 93 

* could not be gained to fiiat Side; nonot afteia^I. 

* Appllcaiiojls ufed. 'There are otfier mora Gitc. 

* »nd more pabtlrf'Te^i monies lince.ttie, D%te -of 

* thiit lying PO^tr, Which makes thc.raUhood of ' 

* it more than'palpable ; as if Divine "PrQvidcnee- 
» hi(^ pirtrpofely rfrdered'uil the late Anions of the 

* K!irtgd'oihOf"*M//W ind of their Forcci, both 

* '^fore and fince the i jtii 6f A^ril, to te fo many 

* real Confutations of thjt groundrf (jicrnv'ention ^ 

* we mean fetf^erat Ul^e right» witk ths Kebels un- 

* der the late Earl of Manirdff, aqd" JfkJIfr Mm- . 

* tlonald; the I?divcry^■6f Artv^jrlf'-the reflraitt-. 

* ing and debarrlhg of Delinquents and Malignants . 
* ' from the King's Perfbn and froifi oufArrjiy j tli« , 

* 'late public OecWations of the Churclv'ahd State . 

* of Scttkoii in, the Beginning of 'Ari/i'afDV^* 

* wil^ of tlie General; and Vommitf^it.Wtih the 
' Armr, s^red upon a^iit the Efid^f.Vi^/, ami 

* pubhflicd tlie 15th (if Afd^, in^rs/j^r^f'^gaioft z 

* Sand of theHari '(5r;SV^r/i6'-and'his.Anbciates;. 

* as for other Rcafons, lo efpeciaDy'for thit) tlut 

* the faid fiatid did t^rid to the wealcenilij; of tbe 

* Cdnfulence and Union between the two Xiiu- 

* dotns, firmly joi/tod and mutually engaged ftr 

* Alllilance to each ether in this CauJe, as' may 

* appear more fullj'' bv;ihe Duiaratiait herewith 

* prefented, ^ .,'• j ' ', 

' Nor can vn frafs over the P^tr ddrvoxd to 
' the King, by the Coininittee ofLtftates, the ijlh , 

* of Jtfay iaft, THiat if his Majefty (hduld delay to . 
-* .go a(iouc the readieit Ways snd Means to dttify 



• «/ -E K G h A N.D..:f ♦4« 

*. both h" Kingdonui they wwU bejMceffiMli}* aa. m Cw. U 

* foe their own EsoocratioB, toupquiint the Com- . . '^' j. 

* mitteeof bothKingd<HDiM£aM(Mi thMtCoirtfc-^"^]!^^^ 

* Rif^t betalun by jouK. Aiivtce of botik King- 
*.49nu^ fi>cMUJiniiigth« juft fwUcxprelUiil^' 

* S»Umn LfOgue and Cavtutta, . • • 
* We Oiair layno more of diii Particular. God 

<^hatfa hk 9wa Time t« maha-analMfeft vjlo iitfre 
■' d^t fiacffchf and w)io.£^^i WidasmrN**' 

* tion did itfule to join with the &ieniy'i Forcct 

* when thejr were ftrongeft, and did join with'our 

* Brethren of Sn^md in tbe(^ wealcdt aAdrinift 

* neceffitoua Condition^ lb we flull never look for 

* a Blefing from CJod upon ei^Nr Nation ' loA|fer 

* than thejr cMriinoe fiiithM ja -God and to 'each 

* Mher, acc^rdiiu to the (Summit utdZraMF. ' 

* And wedoconMcntly cxpC^ fromthe Wimiui *. 
'.^d Juftice of the HoDourablc Hou(ei, ^at'tfaia 

* and Aicfa iikc Pfars (hall -find no more Cmlit -- 

* here than faftri and Dt^eratisnt asaioft nianct . 

* felvct did fonnerly find in Stttkimi aisd .that 

* Dtt^atimt and ptUlk Psperi from! the KinRdocn. 

* of StttfipHft or their Committee* or Cottunirawi- 

* ere, Ihallbaye fWb Acceptation with botbHoulea 

* as tlKj ddirp Dfehratians &am themfdvcs; or^ 

* Paptrt fnap any in their Name, may haxe with 

* their Brethren of Stithnd. Nor do we 'doubf 

* butGod^ill diiSpate all theJe Clouds (^ Calym-' 

* nies, aiid Mifundcrftandings endeavoured there-. 

* by, and mill girc fuch a frame of Spirit to both 

* Natiensi as may continue them in a bvothcrly 

* Accord and mutual Confidence for the Good of 

* both this and of the fuccceding Generations ; ' 
' ■'* which bath been, is, and fliall be, mofl nrneftljr 

4 wiflicd and faithfully endeavoured by 

Ttur vay i^^aut* FritnJi 
h^tn^-Snfi, and humiU ServatOH 

Lauoirdalz. - 
A. Johnston. H. Kenniov. 
C. EitsKiNi. R. Bajiclay, , 


r..,„i.7cj.,Gt)ogle - " 

4» fhe.TfaH'aSifnia^ tti^T dlk v 

^ c». ■!#'. .!^]f,. *>.W^ bMW «;» j'oift< X.«)iAfij^:he'ri'in-' 
***■ ., * dofeiaii &f^^^f^b0€omnfimd «rE*fet»at" 
JJJ'''"^*;*h(ri4iWj'^ ^«)iMl »fciU«vltlfch«*fttrCiirt*8'i»-' 

*3afi)tiJbdt^G«mifi4iMti-'-fa»« IMM 'iiidl«! If^ the' 

* Country.' •-•mt. ■ . r ■, X ■ ■ ■ ,■. 

g9in#.I J.. . : :.rf: ::::-v ■■ .•:,:hil:: r .■ ■ 
V^::-;. t. . ;.,'.. * ■ ■ -■ - ■,■■>-,,..... 
JtC-'KA^Li*' «^. : 1 - ■: V, ...-. '■..: 1 ' 

wi^o.i>,.-.::L.-3v.v . ;;.,. .::' • -.- 

- K^t,.Tni% iHtivi^HftHT. Hiamii:Offtf» a«<l- 
*:. »*^J^ ■Jfifftft'^ )ffiffm-}9mh md'Bikmkte Mehi 

it' /limits' arpur^aH>!^toin fatisJ9mm\9ia the 

Akkf ■mHatciyHfeifrr- ' ■ ■ '^^:-'»Y' .\-' 

^k^ltrr -P-erfitfs; ■ ffirhirs; <kd (kt^Mxii, ht kt 
Si^jt^y; an^tbdi ^Hiey JbeU'reaHypid^^ih/aifji 
ftirrv/tiff tit, and ttiftPfiecf) at ft/iSci}'^--in'^>ttf w,' 

turing of wt happyM'S^B^iYBm£d^tMx'fir thf 
Goad »/ ui and mr.'Jia^dufa, miha.£&ci>vtry of out 
juft t^fjiti : ff^.J^e^^'^lved ta put eyrfeha « lit 
flaaard ef pajjing into the Scots Armf^'-tttTH Jjitg 
bffere KewsT^ ; mS'ifit-'pall- pleafi God that w? 
ctmfafithkitr, vit-'nrt refulved ti'-ufi our Hfi E»- 
dftMKrti mth tfitir j^jytame, and Viilh the Cenjunc- 


tfon "/■*if Ftrttt undiT tbt ^iarnu' y Mwtttlifc) iUu-«* aw*-*! 
tftdfiuhofeur tutU-»^*4 A'^O*^ (f Enjbud.Bj; '***■' ^ 
^/J r j/i /or usy t9 frtatrt^ if it mirf M i» .Ww- .^^ 
tf^/< andffiidy Peace wiVi tfrfl/r wis Aattf bitbtrt» ■* 
rrftiftd U give Ear to titrf Mtam tenSng Awtunlo : '' 

Qf lubUt aur RtftlmUium htid it mt^rfna^e, 
'ySK this- Aihtruffm*nt, at wM U ft'ify yoit ttir 
^aimoU fwiaS Mff- iegtJfinl^dlr mtiymh- 4> lu^ 
Wt v/ilithatyau ctnufutmmlt ttift fitr L«Ceht liat 
jlailiag in ^uf eantf/l tmd^finftre- SnJtatuutSt iyTM-- 
tVy .t&fu(...ett End ta tht Ai^ritK^ thtft vtr Kiag- 
4^ti we tfiumti Mif0f eiiigtA <r Uasof. tm p ib imkli 
Expedient unattemptedy ti preferae otg" -.CrafaoL and 
Eritndi from ^ J^Ufsf^iitt: Old Tyranny tf theft 
vMft.j^itn* 4itlfVe fi manifeftlythtlf' DvfigH f» 
evertbrauf the Laws md happy tJiabUJhed GaVfntmtnt 
tf ibis Ki/ig4«n- , . . , , ■ 

jfttd nnf> we' have majii,i^avm tmtij9V,tun JU-i 
fdutiSHy V^e, rteanaiim^ to, yfj/r fpe(^-fiqri jbe. dif- 

pojiag and managing ef' tiir jfffairs on thtft,, Sid€t.a 
ytu fieit- emcfiw moft far aur Hmmf. anJ'SpiKVicii 
being. €mfi4tnt the Ctuife-im-beve takeny ihougbwitb 

foine Jiexard to otir Perftn, wpi bw <* ■g'^4 
tnct an that tur Kingdami and defir^ if ntt ahagTther 
frevmt^ tha Rebels tren^afting af Ftrtts from ^em 
vaa tkaP J^HgdnHi - " . 

JndvM defife yek tM Jbtis/y alt tnr TueS-i^Bei 
SuifttasMftmSidkyofinirPrineefy Cdreofihemi 
tuhreof they fiklU feeer^Ae ^^ arfion as 6od 
JkaU enahie^xf. Jf^i diji^ yttt t« nfe hme Meant to 
let ut mod aur Cueneilat 6xon bear fi-efOe^tfy fnm 
ytiri ttkd afiytmr- dSiifnt and Candittm tbere. And 
f^Godpra^ytM^ liyal M n Ji m m rti 

Giv«v« our GoMTt at' Omv the x^th of ^i/;^ 
., 1646., 

By bw Miyefty*5 Command; 


, Google 

444 TysPkrliMm^aty Sistor r 

/^•.a»Su.h TWj-irffiT from the IC'ng was fent, by the 
^ **** J MarquM of 'Qmmti^ to Major-Genera] Mtxre^ 
j ^' ." ' under the-fallowihg Cover ^ 

* tjAVING tWs MoWifng received a DJfpatc'* 
' Xji ■ from Ws Mafefty ff}, and Command to im- . 
s put it not on)/ to "hu Ceand), but to zU hi' 
^ ho-fzl SubjcAt, 1 am confifcnt you have fo good 

* TitJetoa Knowledge thereof, diat I have held 

* tl.jfn7.fart inftantljr to dilpitch it unib joa by 

* anEkpieft-i andlo» Sir,.i«iflitn2 vou all Hap- 
«pu«fcil)refl ■ ^ ■ ^ ' 

Ttur t^red humilt Servant, 
ft**^6^«!rw, O R M D N IT. 

After the readingtof .thcfe Litttrtt the Lords or- 
dered tfiem to be printed (^), and their Spealccr to 
draw up an Anftoer to that from the Sioit Cdntmif- 
fioners, which being done and read, was agreed ta 
in tbefe Words: 

mfimitifttr,*Junt%^ 1 646. 

My terds and Genthmett,, _ 

2**S!f*j,7tB ' TTH^ Lords having, fcc,(«vcd your Londfiiips 

#«t«M)CMi- ' Lelter this Morning, mentioning- a ^etUr 

■ e- * dated at Oj^ard^ Jfrii IJ^AJ, 1646, h»ve oim- 

* maoded n)e to let you know, that no fuch Piq^> 

* nor any thing fife, gives them Occafio^ to quef- 

* tiontheFidenty andConftancy^thp$Mt;Nation 

* unco tbU Caufe. And they ^^ well fiitififieil 

* with your I^ordJhips Rc^&t, and Care %9 pre- 

* vent all Jealoufies tb>^. may vift i^ and jlhall like- 

* wife employ their Endeavours to prefervc a mu- 

* tual Correi^^dency. snd; a- good Agi^ment be- 
' tween the two Kingdoms.' 


(/) B]r w Jador(rmm •<i tlie Ki«t'> Littv H ippMrt^ to tan 
been ftDi bj Mr. tTa/gnrbtm, iRfvUt Cf ihCLoid iti/tr- 

(r) Tbeft ire tikni (roa til* "^t^ printed by cbctr LoriAipi 
OiTer, for ?■■*; M-rVf, « the Xling', Had, in the Old Stiltf, 

.-fi) In the £diti(in of the Tuna, iaKw^M'i Edidooof theltiw'i 
Wtrii, ana in Jti^ttMrri'i C>/i^.7:«i, thi> Z^w<r ii dated tU r^ 
M^i of jifril t But ia tbe Csnpw JhumU the (^>A 

. r..„ .,GtKH^Ic 

rf E NG L AN 0, ': 4^$ 

But the Commens were .mMch in»re -brilk aftd^*. ^sj^.dk' 
afiive on ^c reading of. thft foMgomg Zetltj-si. for. . ^^ ^ 
Ihii Day the Qucftion being put, Wnothcr it ap»- - jy'^-^'* 
pears by this Letttr from the King to the MJa^yis 
of Ormond, ddted as abovc^ that the 1^''^ went 
into the Scots Army with a DeTign to fet Divilion 
between the two KiogiltHns of EngLmd anA ^'■•'■'n^u.j- j^ 
buidt and to continue the War agamfl the Mfif^camm^a^itt 
Parliament? itpalle4 in the ASnnativ^,'","' litOt nt n. 

y»fl/-idv A.Book'was'brba^^intdthe'H&ttre' 
of Lords, which they adjudged to bio a tcahdalous 
Pamphlet, written a^inft the comiAon Law' of. 
England, and the Practice thereof, by. Lieutenant* 
Colonel Jihn Lilburru', arid he was ordered to ap- 
pear before that Houfe io anfWer the lame.; 

Junt 1 1. The faid LiHwnt appeared at tfic Bkr'l'^w^ << 
of the Hoafe of Lvrd!, tot, inftead of anfwerJAg^^'qjjf 
any QuefUona, he dcliivred 'x Paft^y intituled, Tl^r'ctL lilhwM* 
PrtUjiatttm, Pita, and Drftittt ef Lienttnant-Ha- 
imel John Lilburne, given ta the Lardt at thtir'Soff 
June II, 1646; with his Appeal u hit nnMtnt 
end prefer Jiidgft the Camment e^ England, d^n&Ertf 
in Parlitanent. 

Upontkis the Lords flr<//r/</,' That the fa'id^ 
Cieutenant-Colonel Jehn Lilburne fhould ltaad_, - 1 

committed to the Prilon of tfffvgntr, (hirine Plea-' 
fiire,' foi; bringing into thisHoule a fcandalous and, 
contemptuous Paper ; and that the Keeper of JVrw-, 
gate fliould put him into hk Cuftody. ' ' . ^ 

The fame Day the 'following Anfiair Ttf ttie 
CommilEoner^- of Stelhutd, touching th& State 6t. 
tke AcxxamH and Arrears^ Money due to th'e'if, 
Armies and Kingdom, was agreed ro by tl^eCoijl" 
irt«Jns-,"*^*-*'''<l"«d it to faefeftt W the Sfff/rCom-, 
mJHee refiding in tendon-, in 1 Letter from itllMr^ 
Speaker, without- afleing-^e Concurrence of the' 
6iher~'tlt]id{cf-"- '■/'_• ' ' The Cmbumh 

*. iTT £ the Common^ of /'^/J^n^i-j.inoiPHdJa-'Coinnuffiu^enta 

•^JLy^ips* "wt there is no farther Ufe of conri- ;;';;^„ ^^ 
* nuingntlicoii 


44# Tie pMrH*mmary H y s r o x v 

Au'^tt*. f. » miSig the Sei^t Army in the Kingdom of Ent' 

A.-'-- ' - -t * irtr/; aild that wc would provide ioo,ooof, for 

j^; « thc5«/j Annyj 5C^oOo/;mercofto be paid" upon 

* the Delivery op of all the GarrUons, exsepd 

* Avu^fi^. which IS td be ordered and difpo&d ol 
■ '' according^ fo the Trfofy} and the other 50,000/. 

v'''*" - ' ' whciichey Ihairbc in the Kthgdom of Satland^ 

3.-: * tKbave, inpurfuancc thereof, appointed a Com- 

■'■'" * mittce for tiM: providing of the iaicT Sum, which 

* wfr IML take CiFC to-fce paid accofdin^y. 

* Kit whereas by a Letter from the ParlianieiiK 

< of Sesttandf of the thlnl of Frbruery^ 164:6, ac^ 

* cordiog t« the Style of that Kingdom, they da 

* dpmaiiaoftheHoufes.ofParUainentof£f;gJ^iWto 
■ makePaymeat(bcfoFethelhirdD^of Ji^next, 

* of the'aums of Money duly owing by them to 
>. * that Kingdom, and dicir Armies inr England anA 

* Irtlandy-xsatiiia^ to the. 7>Atf« bctwMa the. 
' ' ' * twoKingdanu, m^ Account whereof will be gw 

•^ - - -< veaioty their CommiflWiners : This Houfe (al^ 

< thftUfili the Parliament of England was not cit- 
'•' pay all the MotKy due to £atfj^ by a 
*'X)av) tO'thocod they mi^ ;m)ly theiabVvM to-. 

* fuco Couries as might give the ParlianMot ot- 

* Stttkaid .all- poffible Satis^Aioo, did, ufoa the 
^ 26th Day of the laid Ftbruary, defirc> of your 
' Lord£Eups» that the-AcctHint m^ht be deLiveFcd^ 

* in to them accordingly, which th^ baw\ ever 
*" ftnoe expei^d : fiutalthoi^h theMon^ by-the 

* ParliaLment of . f M/Jin^ wai po^vclw wnuaded- 
*. bv ^ tbwd-df M<Q hS^ yet fcoiq tAac ^thitdi of 

* Fikruary uiuQ the twentieth of. j)^ laft Aitt 
*. H«u&.nnrv heard any Word caocexaii)g,tiK'fiHAT 
*_Ace«uat,. aJttyii^ again. deHred : . . 

* And wtereas in thclaft Lettet your. Lotd,flupt 
*. PK^t' tlmt both Hotife^ wonH appoint Coai> 
*, 'miiionCKj.toJoin'jffith tbe.Cominil^fifafn'^' t^' 

, .*" Parliameht of iScetlanJ, to dear and- ad^fft-thAi 

,,'-. , -• Accounts, and remove all Difference c^tKem' 

■ - ■•-Utttief fai*e,i»iR"Way uiito' which they-ire' 

* M&gei by the-oiMb Aitkle af die Trnt/ be- ' 


* tweenthe Kingdoms; this Houfc conceivtth that *•■ *\^' '• 
,' pi«t^ A»«iclic (o mfcr •tij to Matters of DiiFer- ' j ^^jj't 

* encc that fliall happen to K(fe ^e^y^^^p .^ g^b* 'jip. "" 

* jc5> ef the. twa Nations, which at^ to -he ^ ' —^ 

* termipeia by tlW mmuaV AtJvie? ^qd Qofl^t 1 

> of both Kinrftyns, pr^thelf Coitamlttces j awl - , , ■ , - 
^ cani\ot pr^rly be appUcd to the Matter ^r Ac;- 
'* <ount, or a; !eaft cannot be ro^ij^ U(e of till a|t 
' Account Jw fir? inade u|)on iv^^ich pi^er«pc«t 
.* do aii!^: For atth9i^h the clearing an^ a<Uu4- ' > 

* ing thofe' 'Apcounts iply pjjffibly, in Tifijc, l}j; 

* tbought necelTary tp be rcftrred to Commtttqes 
"• of hpth Nations, ani^ ^hat Copiqii^onera ni»r 
,* be appqime'd, u*^'!*''t^ CfiWt $eal, fortHeEnA 

* an^ rurpoiMd'ljfc^^y^urCQmmiflioners in 0(- 
.* toffc l.aftj' yet, until We [taj underAj^hd iyb4,t 

* is demanded of us W jhe Kingi^«in of Scotp/ndf 
' both ip-rel^ion tp that KingdoOi ?nJ tjielr Ar- 

* mUs, we hqlJ it Contrary to tlje 6qurft; of ^ 
.* Proceedings,, t? refer to Ct^nmhtee^' what t^ 

* Houfe is libt poQelled of, or to go about tq fm- 
'' ^3^g<= or4i(Vount until wefeewh;^ w(h ^e d^ 
*' iriancl^ as ^ue, acid what acknowledeeil teha^^e 

* b^fi r^ewed ^ff3a the State of you^ AccQunt « 

* Wherefoie we i^gain H^ft earnelUy deitre yc^vr 
.* Lordftupsi thaf we njay' f^om y^u unoer^aivl 
^ wh^t.the Sgns are tt^t iir^ deAianded. b]^ tjie 
■^ ICIijgdoni i>f Sut^nd is dye, not only. to.tK^r Ar- 
"* Biiej-buftp the Kingdom,' in ajl Re'atjons wha(- 
,f (orter; tfia^ we i^ay take fuch fpeedy Cowrie for 

* the Satista^^n thereof, as your ]l<ordlhipp aiu] 
'^ aif.theW6H<I w'fif: ^heCHearnefs andj^jft'ii^ 

* <i ourt/rte^tioijs towards' YOU, and^m^jremoiS. 
^'^^^IbuiTict and Klifunde^tajidtn^ bet^eri tb^ 
/ t'wift Na^ns/ -' \']'..'^; ■-' 

■^ ■ I'k'?* iti;^ll''jJ(fftrVK>tii'tlie King wi>s,thi*^ay 
"pmm^S'ib t)ic fords by their SpcaVtrf ,"thi: Ea^ 
pf-Mfiiii^e^rr, to «^om It, was a4d^ent^;;_Viyth-i 
■X^wimaAtl %irr),hjs Majcfiy Jo teiiimflfliCwfe^Jf .to 
*%^y^V^^ aci<*'.'ft')j? ^M? CoinmJl^ope?s. ' .. 


Ncwcaftle, June 10^ 1649. 


^" * TT^^ Mattdy ioaiing ivith Gr'ttf if fteart t^tf 

J""*- 'JT: (j, jg^ Sujfiringt of hh PenpU in hit thrtf 

Tb* ^'^^^'"i'io'^'f'irfimf 'Ticrt fafl, md being affeifed v/it} 

Smb^ drfriai f^''' tiiflrtjfti andunjiiiet Condition^ threugh the Dif- 

Oem tB baftei tra£fisat eiout Religioa, the ieefing sf Forces on Fetf 

^ nopofiti»u ;„ f^^ Field and Garrifim, the rat fitishing ef Puir 

" *^** lie Debity and tht Feart f the furtSer Efufi^K tf 

Blood by the Centtnuanee of on tumaturo} lygr in at^ 

cf theje KingJomt, or by rending and dividing theff 

Kingdtmif JO baffily umied y and having fent a gra,- 

iitut Mejagt unto both Houjet pf Fartianunty and 

tht Conm^entrs of the Par-hament of Scotland, ex~ 

fre£ini the netej/iiry Cau/ti if his earning /rem Oxfbr4 

unto the Scots yfrmy, (uiifhuit any Intention tt mait 

a Dilnjian where he is in Frtedtm and right Capacity 

iiJettU a true Peace) .and centaimng fuch Offers a/ 

he eonceivtd would have teen accepted, with a gener^ 

Cimfe of ftrnplying with their Dejhres : And being 

impatient if Delays, and not tcquaittied with the Par- 

liculari iwieh nu^ gfve Cantentmtnt to them, hi* 

Majefly doth lamejily dijtrt that the Propofitieni of 

Peace fe often promifed, end fi much exptitrdy mt^ 

he fpeeaiiy fent unto him, that, upm Ccnjtderation of 

' mim, he may apply himfelf togivefiuh SatisfsSIitn m 

may be the Ftunidation of a firm P,eace. And ftr tkf 

letter and more fpee^ attaining 'ther(unto, his M^- 

jefty tbth furthtr pTopeun4, That he may cemt ff 

I^ondon with Safety, Freedem, and Honour^ where 

Ik refiivti l» comply with hit Houfes of Parliament 

in every thing which may be mop for the Good ef hft 

Suhjeiit, and fafeit what remaimfor tettUtig bot^ 

Kingdtmt and People in an happy Condition ; leing 

Uitwife mofi tanfidtnt thai ih^t acttrding to 4heir 

reiterated Declarations, and folemn PfttefiattMU, will 

it xealtut in the Maintenance of his Henour and jt0 

and lawful Itighti. And at hit hiTiqefiy d0ri we 

'Hotfes tf ParUamtnt t« difiurthtn tht Kjn£dom if eB 

Pfrteiand Garrijoni iii their Ptiutr^ tuetpt Jm> at, 



y E N G L A N D.- 449 

b0re theft uyih&ppy Times, have teen maititatiied fir ** " Cw 'j 
the ne:e^ry Defence and Safety ef ifvs Kingdom, ft . ^^' . 
he it viilUng forthwith ta dtfband all his Forces and jo,^, 
Garrifons within the fame^ as the inchfed Order htre- , 
■ viithjent will evidence': And if upon ihtfe Offers^ 
his Majefiy Jhall have fuch Satisfaction as be may be 
confidtni a firm Peace Jhall enfue thereon, his Majejiy 
will then give Order for his Stn, the Prince's prtfent 

A Letter from the King to the Governors of hia 
Garrifons was alfo read. 

To our Trufty and Wdl-beloved Sir Thomas Gtm* - 
ham. Sir Thmas Tildefley, Col. H. JVaJhington^ 
Col. Thotnas Blagge, Governors of our Cities and 
Towns of Oxford, Litchfield, Worcefter, and 
Wellingford, and all other Commanders of any 
Towns, Caftles, and Forts in our Kingdom of 

Newcaftlc, June lO, 1646. 
JjAVING refolved to comply with the Defires ef^j^ q,^ ^ 
-•^ our Parliament in every Thing which may be futrenierinj aB 
for the Good of our Subje£ls, and leave m Means ^ Gurifoo*. 
unejfayed for removing all Differences amengji us j 
therefore we have thought fit, the more to evidence the . 
Reality ef our Intentions of fettling an happy and firm 
Peace, to rehire you, sipon honourable Terms, ta quit 
thofe Towns, Caflles, and Forts intru/led to you by,us, 
and to difband all the Fortes under your feveral Com- 
mands, ' 

And another to the Marquis of Ormend. 

Newcaftle, June 11, 1646, 

Right Trudy and Entirely-beloved Cou&n and 

Counfellor, we greet you well. 

TTWING hmg, witb »»<* Cm/, Uid vfm <fc JT^S' '^ 

^^ fad Conation our Kingdom of Ireland ^a^A quii oT Orn«B< 

teen in thefe divers Tears through the wicied and de- %^1^'li^' 

Vol. XIV. F f '^watt wk lubcta. 

r..„ ,Gt)i:H^lc 

45© The Pffrliamatt^ry Histo»t 

An, IK c«. t.jpfrau RtiiUien thtrtf a^ the hloedf ^fitBt thet 
' *'' , hiiv* tnjtted thereupon ; ftr tht fettling yaheretf wt 
Juan. wvM hciit luhally epplud turfeOMy tf tbt Diffv' 
cace bttwun us imd nr Sulye^t btrt had not divern4 
aji^ ivitbdraum at; and nai having btniahU (fnK 
that refpe£t) to reduu them by FarUy vie wtri mt^- 
fitated^for ibeprefint Safety af but Preteftant Si{^ 
jetls therej If give yen Pnuer and Authority to treat 
with them upon fucb pioiUj htnoarab/e^ and ^ft 
Grounds, at the Good of that ew Kingdom £td then 
ftjuire : Siltfar nutny Me^onty too long for ^ Let^^ 
we ihini Jit t» require yrv to proceed m ftirtber in 
treaty with the Rtheb^ nor to engage 'ai upon any 
Canditioni with them after Sight hereof. And bav- 
' "V formerly found fi'h real Prgefi of your ready 
Obedience to oitr Conmaadsy we doubt ml of yo^ 
Care injkii, wherein d«r Servite andthe Gofidofeitf 
Prtt^ant ?td>fe3t in Ireland - it fa mMch tanfernfd, 

L«««"J^ Next the Earl of Mmehefler fignificd to die 
A^Sni^Com. L(V<li| that (be Scots Conuniffioners had delivered 
- niffioDcn, ttlat- to tHtn feveral Leiterty and Papers indo&d therein * 
i^Mtbe Pro- ^j ^hich were opcnoj and read as follows: • 
Peicc, the Sate 

of their Arm)-, Atii, firft, 1 LftttT from thc Committee of Ef- 
l^in'^w with ^"^ ^ Satlandy then refiding wi& thcii Araiy at 
thc'piulin.wn. Newcafilt. 

Far the Sight Honourable the LoRD» and CaM- 
M O N S of tie Parliament of England effimblei 
at Wcftminfter. 

NevicafiUy Jmu lo, 1646. 
Right, Honourabky 

* T^OT only OIK CoBfeienc^VcarWitnefsto 
' ' J^ ourrelvcs, but our Adiona are a real and 

* public TeftiinOi^ to all Men who have marked 
' our Ways, fince our coming into this Ki^g^PPi* 

. *' hov eartjeft our Dellres, and how cotiftant our 

* Endeavoun, have been to preferve the Uni^n of 

* the two Kingdoms, as a prinuMl Means of 

* Hapfioc^ to both, and for this End what out 


* up 1 

* Min 

e^ E N Qh A NIX 4^, 

f AlSaBioaa and Oaie have been to obAtve and An. ^ cm. 1. 

* porfimn the whole Articles of the C3M>em^iit and '*4*"- ^ 

* frMfiM betwixt the two Ki|igdaou ; yet thu4 7^ 
f much we may truly fa«. That at no Time fmcC "" 

* the Beginning erf' otu £nga|;ctnents in this CauTe* 
^ have we, with moie Sincerity an^ FutliRiInefs* 

* endeavoured to improve our Opportmiicies (or 

* the Public, than now of late, finoe hi& ^- 

* je^s uncxpcAed Cwnin? into our Army, by 
' our ear] nt Dealisg ifrifh him to 

* fend iu( is Parliament of may g;ive 

* them fu and be a Aiie Ground of 

* Peace t( and of Huppiqefs to him- 

* felf : / ire hay^ >^^ ^Y^ fo fiir 

* prevaile PniicifJiea af > by Educa- 

* tioa, L e, ai^ tt^e pounfel and 
Company of fuch as have been fonnerly brought 

I with bimj h^va been ^^eply ^op^d tn his 

[ind, as to obtain the utmoft of our Qeu^i 

yet have we not quite loft our Labour, nor are 

* we without liofe bitf tlwt, «« a C»9tt Ti«% jip 

* m^y be moved to five S^itfe^ipa UBto h^ 

* People ; w*ich» .1^0 JC omWh* wiU ^ 8 Mtt- 

* ter of rgoicing to all that love the fettling of Re- 
' ligion and Peace : And we do sanieftly iiUreat, 
' and cvniidendyi eicpe^ that the H6ufe3 ^f f»t- 

* Jiamcnt mil, la their WUciom, and from dietr 

* Z^twe of Peacp, be picixled, with the Goncumnee 

* of the Comoiiffidn^s from the Pajjiamcnt of 

< ScatlaaJ, £pta63y to lend fuc^ Petpi^iam and 

* DecDVids to be graatcd by his Majjefty, ai are 

< necei&ry for the cueing the prefitnt Diuempers, 

* the fetding of Religion, Peace, and the Safety 

* of his MajeA/s Peiion aiid Au^uutty, concern- 
*■ ingtheconifrviag the UnioiLof rtiefeKiiw;d6ma; 

* «rtiidi boing fent, we {hall, upton hjs Iwtjeftys 

* 4'ifa'a:^ cleady. and diAiiu^ know how to pro- 
' ceed in this ^teodcdi P^cificadoor ssA to fuisfy 

* the Defires of th^ Parliament and our pjva in 
^ d^Mindiag our Forces, deliyeiing up the Garri- 
' (bns pafiei&d by us, ^nd return homa, after all 

* our Su&wigs, wufa ibe fomo jQhBaffuUc(a and 

F f 2 ' AfFeaicn 

r..„ ,Gt)t)glc 

4^ The P^^Ua/iunlafy HuroRY 

An, 1* ca. I.* Afiedion that we had when we came iiito thi$ 

. '**** , * Kingdoffli And we refolve fliortly to fend fome 

jiint,' ' ^'■**™ "^ *" B'** y"'^ Lordfliips further Ihronha- 

* tion of our Proceedings here^ that, by mutual 
< * and joint AdTice* fuch Things as may ferve ibr 

* the Good of both Kingdoms may be brought to 

* a fpccdy and happy IlTue } which is the earneft 

* Defire of 

Teur Ltrdjbips butt^U StrvantSy ■ 
LeveN. Callender. 


LaNBRK. a. HBPtitJRK. 

Arcylb. Ro. FrEHbairk. 

Crawfordoit^ D. HoMZi 

LiKDSAY. J. ScfiAW. 

Lothian. W. Glendinkinc. 

Next a Letter from the Scoti Commiffioners in 

T» the Right HanaurahU the Speaker of the 
Htufe «j^ P B B X 3 pro Tempore. To ht amrmi- 
mcated t» the two Houfet of Pariumunt. 

Right HniturabUf 

* VTT £ have frequently, and for a long Time, 

* W reprefented to the Honourable Houfes our 
■ « eameft Defires of a happy and fpeedy Peace ; of 

* which wearefo ftudious, that we cannot ceafe 

* from expreffirig the fame Delires on all Oppor- 

* tunities ; and the rather at this Time, becaufe of 
' , * the lad Stroke lately fallen upon our brethren in 

* Irtland; whofe former and prefent Sufferings, 

* under which they groan, do, of themfelves, cdl 

* fo loud that we doubt not the Houles, in their 
-* Wildom, Care, and Commifcration, v^ timely 

* and effe^ally af^ly thcmlelves to the compof^ 

* iiig of all Diflerences, and the fpeedy fettling a 

* happy Peace m this Ifland, whereby they may 
- * be enabled to fend further Aid and Succour ur- 

* to that Kingdom, for profecuting of the War, 

* and reducing of the Rd>cls to Obediejoce; and, 

* for 


»/ E N G L A N D. • 4jj 

* for the fame Ends, fpcedily to fend ProviCons' to Aa. a* Cu. I* 
^ * the Setts Army there, who, for many Months, '***■ , 

* have received nothing, notwithftaoding their .^ 

* Faithfulnels and great Sufferings in the public ^^ 

* Service. Another Occaiion now miniftred unto 

* us is, from the preffing and unfufqilied Neccffitiei , 

* of our Army in the Nartb of this Kingdom, who 

* are extremely firajtened in their Quarters and 

* Provifions ; for remedyitig whereof the Lord- 

* General^nd CommitteeofXftateswiththeArmy , 
' did write upto the Committee of Tiriy and ta 

* Colonel-General Pmt%i who, in their ^f^ftwrr, 

* have declared no Unwillingaefs, but they are 
' not enabled by any Povrer frotij the Parliamenf 

* to aSbrd .them the deilred Affilbuite and Satis^. 

* .tion towards the Enlargement of their Quarters, 

* or bettering of their Provifloi)s, as will more fully 
' appear by the Lttt^s themfelvea herewith pre-J 
' fented ; We do, dierefbre, yet again eamefllj^ 
■ dciite that the Honourable Hou^ will be pleated 

* to give Orders to the Contmitt^ at Tark, for 

* the convenient ({uai'teTing of ^<i Scats Armyf and 

* accommodating them with' neceflkjcy Provifioos ; 

* that the Burthens of the Cou(itry, occaftoned, td 
' our great Grief, by the failing of the due and 

* orderly Courfe for providing for that Army, may 

* be ealed -, to which End we do alfo renew our 

* former Defire, for fending them from hence a 

* conliderable Sum of Money towards the Dif-f 

* charge of their Quarters, 

* We' muft funher make l^nown, that as die 
■i,* Committaeof ^ar^ and Colonel-General P(9«fiE, 

* in their Leners of the 4th of this Inftant yuae^ 
f do fairly and ingettuoufly givf Tejlimony to the 
^ faithful and carcfnl^ndeavpurs of the Committee 
( of Eftates, for preventing Mifunderflanding and 

* for prclerving Peace and Amity, betwixt dis 

* Kingdqms, in which they were plqaled, in dicir 

* Letter, to give for Inftance the Order of the 
( Committee or Eftates for preventing the ftuther 

* Entertainment of fuch as fliould give Occaflon 
f of QSeacCt and for.dUbanding th^ Regimnit of 

F f 3 ■ ^' M'ljor^ 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)'^le 

45+ -^F^lidmeik^ Hi«t6ry 

As. mCv. 1<* Mqdr'Grfner^ Fakitr-^SfiA i which, is the 
'*4*' * Mcflerger ftnt hltbet doth affurt us, ii «rrtady 
^^ "^ * put m Exe^udon^ and tft>ne (tf thcrti art fulfi^ed 
'"^^ • Ki be recrived in» «hter Regithcnta. And as 

* -that Honourablt CtJihfi&tftie, in their Pafit oF 
« ^M 8th ^ tins Inftftttt, {tftftnted to the KiAg, 
F («rbid)wei{oh(irMt[hMAiAtftiicate}and In their 

* own Ltti& t» fbe -Hcfiftfttn^lti Htmfi, hivi tx- 
* ' ft^ei Aiir fain RtAit^CMMs liM to AiSer them- 

* (eUci to tus dtvbkd j)%n th^ Brethren of £Ag- 

* iioid^ WitH «hcAft flktt^ ari anltiid by the SvlOtm 
\ LtipUMdOlVtMmi kM td pnfbne thst happy 

* Union, and lo dWfert ti the Atfides of the Caru- 

* MM and Tftaiui bHWeeh flfe Kingdoms ; To, 

* ntMt) the moft ^tfti^utft- AAd iSiired Khowl^ge 
** wlndt ^ hiV« tf drt^f fti^ut Zeal and unahi- 

* fawns EndCMrMiiS, Wf A6 ^UtTulIy aiid eonftantlr 

* ftfy That if bcFtb IlAiffcs tM heen Witneffis ^ 
< their privy .GoAfiiltaliAA^i idbfefbtc, foefpeci^v 

* fince bib MajlAy did uhii^jfliati^ly eomtfaniongft 

* fhcm, it has bi^«h ihlteld df Aan^ Denlonftra^ 

* tbns to lehiovi Jea]oafies bet#eiin the NatiDhs, 

* and to hietd a tnttre fit C^iAdenee of theb Stn- 

* c^rity and Imtgrfty towaWs this Natron : We 

* tfaer^rt, joining and co-operating with tbtm 

* far the laid good Ends, do» with an Earneftnets, 

* dcfire Ihc expediting of die PrejmJdieHi to be ftnt 

* to bia Majelfr, that, by the Keffihg of Qod Uftoh 
• * . <be j^t Denres, .GDunfels, and Endeavours of 

* both Kingdoms, RfUgim and Ptece may be with 

* dl poflblt SpMd (ettted, all Diftempen and Oif- 

* fcnihcds healed-, at) Armies in both Kingdoms dii- 
S tianded, the Country feafcd. Our diftrefled Bre- 
■threnin A'/Ai^ itlieved, and a firln Ptau and 

* IM»H hi-tbBt Ifland cbhtimWd to the Oenerati6ns 
*> following i than whieh nothing can be more 

* terMlUf defirtd or endcaVouTdd By 

■ "^H^^ tew LerMiii Bumhit Seroantit 

Ro, BAKCLAt, H. Kennedy. 


L.._. .,Gt)t)gle 

^ E N G L A tf 0. 45^ 

P. 8. ' We flo hgain ewmffly flefire that thd *■. it cu. f* 
' HonouraUc Houfes will ftn^ a Commitltee to ...,.'^*tl__^ 

* join with die Cominittee of feftatesi wfco maT'lie r^nil~ 

* Witncffc! of all theif Proceedings^ and co-ope- 

* rate with them ftw the Good of the public Ser- 
' vice there, 

C6py of a ZcWft- ftoAt ^e Comnitttift itYirlt 
, to thfc Sots CommvlHoflers xt Nirmeafile. 

■ Mrf it pUaft yt'io' H^mo-s^ 
' Vr? E find, by your Lordfliips Letters of the 

* W ift of Juiej -tou are not plnfed to givt 

* any Hopes of the r^oving <>f your iWces out 6if 

* this Cbuilty, whIeH we have beeA ojfieibA Sultttrs 

* for, ih tegarfl bf tteir Difability ttt beir> the 

* Charge of both Annies-; iiA we i:kimt>t forbear to 

* renew the fame Suit flill. Inftead whereof your 

< HdfaOuTs are ideafed to cdntinuS tO' d^-e our 

* Affiflaoce in the quartenng of> and pmviding fof, 

* the Army here ; to which, my Lords, we mull 

* deal ingenuoufly. As we had not PdAcr ih that 

* Particiuar heretofore, fo neither, at this prefent, 

< hjtve w^ in th^ tlr iiif other puUic EmpWmenf, 

* by reafoft the 0>^^mrtbf w*ich wea^d-ex- 
^ pii'ed the lift of Ma^, aiid we have a^ yet receiV<. 

* edUblhtiftiatiari trom the Parliament of tKeir 

* PfeaftU* fbr Ihd Contihuance of it, 

' We bft-entittiefe 'applied burfclvts to tfie Hdufe 

* for rtieit fcitidy^ OitiHe fbr the Prof Illon of yoUr 

* Artoy in feme Wuil Way, aftd do expeft a fe.4i 
« tUril daily J till men, efjictiaHy ih the Condition 

* We how are hi, we hope your Lordfliips will hdt 

* fijlpefl any further AnfWer from us herein ; arid 

* that yoiir Lodfllips will reft fatisiicd in the Re- 

* ality of ouf 0efires and Care to do the uti^oll 

* of 01^ Pow^- thM may fpeafc our ConAai^cy fo 

* b\it CiVekiint, and our Zeal to prevent Mithtkes ' 
" that may iny Way weaken the hdppy mutu&l 
^ Amity betweeil the two Nations i And triply,, 
' niy Lords, we Ctollot but, with many hoiiour- 

bre I^elbtas, atke Notice of yov Ljrdlhiils 
F f ^ 'Cmh 

I..., i:^,Gt)t)^lc 

* niyi 
f able 

45^ '^ P<irifjww»/i»y History 

An. » Car. I. * Cue therein, and of that Honourable Inftance 
, '^*^' . * your Lordlbips have given ug in ygur Order for 
■ ,^ '■ diibanding of Col. Vandtr-EfcHt Regiment; in 

* Execution whereof -.we conceive your Lordlhtp* 

* will do yourfelves and the Caufe much Right. 

, ' My Lords, fo foon as we {ball have any Re- 
' turn from the Parliament, we Ihall readily giv.e 

* your Lordfhips a further Account; in the mean 

* Time fliaU deftre to be accounted, as ^e are, 

Yii, Jimi 4, 1648. faur LarJ^ipt htaniU ServastSt 

Gio'. Marwood. . Dae. Wentwortr.. 
Tho. St. Nicholas. ... W". Goodwyn. 
John Farrek. . Th. BouRCHiERi 

Ro. WvMORE. (Jbo. Trotter. 

John Micklethwajtr. . . 

Copy of a j^^'from-Colond-Genenl PopOz 
to the &vff Comniiffioners. 

Kight Homurahltt - .'■ 

.' T Received your tttter'td fhe firft of Jimt in- 

.* Jl ftant> and as I perceive your Lorduups. do 

.* fufpend. your Refolutions concerning the more 

* Northef]y(iuarteritig of your Army, till you have 

* a^eturnfromtbeComouttceof botiiKingdoins; 
. ' fo I bopf your Lordlhips will not tbinic of any 

* Thing further from me, in a 3ufinefs of fo great 

* Concernment to this poor Country, till I fhall 

* likcvnfe have the Ple^rutie to hear from thofe 

* above, n4iofe Commands and Directions your 
' * Lordfhips will apprehend I am engaged to ferve. 

* My Lords, I uiould highly injure your Lord- 

* flups and myfelf atfo, if, upon ;ill Occaitons, I did 
, * not aclcnowledgc your Lordfhips great Care and 

* prudent C ire umfpe£tion tocarry on the Public 

* Affairs, in which both Nations nave a reciprocal 

* Intereft, fo as the happy, Union may be preferved, 
' and the Ends which are mutually driven at in the 

* HatiiJUtl League may be beft atcbieved ; and I 

* hope 


»/ EN GLAND. 4J7 

* hope your Lordfliips wUl not take^any Complaint; Ao. si-Cu. 

* I havcTeprerentcd, as tho' I had die leaft Inten- . '^^ 

* tion to reflefl upon your Lordfliips Particulars ; ■ j^^^ - 

* And truly, nly Lords, I do, with many humble 

* Thanks, acknowledge it a great Favour to myfelf^ 

* and a convincing Evidence to the World, with 
'* what Wifdom your Lordlhips have condu^ied 

* yourfelves, and asafrefli Inftanceof your Lord- 

* fliipa Defire to prevent every Occalidn of Diftafte, 

* in that your Lordfliips have given Orders for the 

* Difbanoing of Major-General Vandtr-Efch's Re- 

* giment, and for the preventing of the future £n- 

* tertainment of fuch as give Occafion of Offence ; 

* the effe£tingof both which will be certainly' of 

* very gnat Confequence, and of very honourable 

* Interpretation. 

* For my own particular, as I fhall ever deem it 

* my Honour and Happincls, in any Civil Relation, 

* to be inftrumental to the Public Gpod j ^ fo none ■ ' 
*• fiial> be more ready to manifeff wHat a large 

* Share thereof he doth account is lapped up in 

* being efteemed, as he is. 

My Lards, 
'H"> Ymr Lvdflaps humbit Straant, 


The Scots ComaiilEoners Anjwtr- to the Com- 
iqittee at T»rk, 

■ Nctk Gentltmmi 
E do perceive by your Letters of the 4th 

Uftant, That the Ordinana of Parlia- 
' ment, by which you a£ted in all public Employ- 

* ments, expired the laft of May ; fo that you are 
' not furnifhed with Authority to afford' us any 

■ Affilhincc in the quartering and providing for 
' our Army, which We fhall forbear therefore to 
' prefs any further ; not doubting but when you 
' are better enabled, and your Power enlarged, 

- * you 

-,Gt)t)^le ■ 


45^ ^^ PdrHat^ntaiy History 

An. « Cir. I. * you wDl continue your public Care to do every 

^^^ * Thing that may be for the Good of the Army, 

lODfc "^ * *'*'^ preferving the mutual Amity and Uiuon of 

' the two Kiiurdoms, which we fball ftudy to con- 

* {utn by idl Ways and Means that Sre in our 
'' Power, having aJlb feriouHy recommended the 

* feme to Lieutenint-General Lijlej j whom we 

* defired to repair to us about the executing of 

* that 0£der for diA)aAding Major-Gcncral ^(^ni^- 

f %j3ft Re^ment, &nd that he would HkewiTe take - 

* Ipecial Care to prevent all Miftakes that might 

* beget any Mifuiiderftanding betwixt u^. So we 

* rcniaia 

Your m^ bMiik ServMtif 

Levev, Lanbrk, 


CKAwrOx.f> md O. tiotii, 

LiKSMT, A. Hepbubn» 

Lothian, Tho. Kerr, 

lidODow, Wm. Glendininis, , 


Copies of two Pt^ers delivered to the King at 

N^WM^U: Th^ fir^ lig^cd l^ the Committee of 

Efletet of 6nt!mmi: Tbc other not only by all that 

'Comntittee, but alio by ^c General Officers of 

the Stets Army. 

May it pUaft yaur Majefiy, June 2, i^^. 

' 1T7 E humbly reprefent to your NL^dVy, 
■ .W That weconceive that it will much con- 
' toibnte to the Good of your Service, and tte be^- 
' tcr procuring a rk;ht Underfta^ding and well- 

* grounded Ptace, if your Majefty were pleafed 

* to tfve Order that the Princes llighnefs go 
' not beyond Sea; but that he may IHy within this 

. ', Kingdom, fo as he may icfide therein with Ho^ 
, • nour and Safety, for preventing the Dangej;s 

* tvbkh may be to his PerTott and Religion, ind 

* &c Jealoulies and InConVcnicpces which may 

*, enfue 


of fi N a L A N D. 4J9 

* tAftii upaii his (tighfteft's ggiag out of tbii King- Ab. •■ cw. I, 

* dom ih (his Juhflure airf rime of Affairs. . *^ 

May h pUafi yBi& Majifty, jfiwi^ft, 16+6. * 

* U/ ^^^^^^> "P*^*^ Conri<Jcratioh of the pre. 

* W fcnt Condition of Affairs, and S'enfe of 

* our Duty, we did, in all Humility and FaithfUl- 

* ftels, idvCfe aiid befcech your Majefty, tBat you 

* would be plcafed to lend fu^ a MtJ^gt^a both 

* Houfes x£ Parliament and Commiffioncrs of Seat~ 

* lat^ as might be a Ground for fettling R^Sgim 

* and P^At accoi-ding to the S^nhk Leigut and 

* Cavfiunt, It is {till our cameft Defirts that your 

* MajeflritnduMbtgracioulIypleafed to fend fuch 
' a Mt/fiigti lot the furditr Satttfaffion of your 

* Parhambhib, aiid preventing dt iomfineot Qan- 

* gers which ttisy ehfue upon the Dthty, thereof ; 

* which if your Majefty {ia& tiot Tout of your 
' WiUom and Cofaipaffion of the fad Condition of 
^ ^dt4 Kin^ms) be plcalU to ffsnt, we fhall be 

* ^M^rtiiiA prcfenHy. tt tAkc Tuch a Coutfe is 

* ihHty Vy mutual Advice »d Refblutloiiis of both 

* Kii)|tk^, tiiey may be ikved ^th BreaUi and 

* die wngerous Sequels thereof. 

~ ^he 5ia3 Commifionets Ahfioir tl6 Ccdoiiel- 
ueiicral rntitz. 

Ntfuiafib, JaHt id, 1646. 

E received yours of th« 4m iHftaM, flt^w- 
m^ that you could not fitis^ tW EteBrts 

* 6f ourJbhhcr Liittt, ttor iffbrd us any Satiiftc- 

* tioh tcnntit the Enlargtftieht of our QusttttiW, 
- * Hhtil their Pleafure were ttioSvh whofc Dirtx- 

* tions you are to obfdve. 

• Add feting you art not fiirhithed WWi Adthd- 
< rity oh that Behalf, T*e fli^ rtot further ^refs It 

* initti you be authorized and ehabled, ttot doubt- 

* ing you will manifell the Continuance of. that 

* Friendlhip whereof we have always had the Ex- 

* perience ; In the tttiiai Time we caiulot bht be 

* very (^liHfle Of your Expreffiom and Aefcncn^- 


■r..„ .,Gt)tH^le 

4.6o 72if ParUamtntary Historv 

Ap.' n Cot. 1,< ledgment of your Care gnd Fattbfulnefs in our 
' . * *^' * public Employments, and Ihall endeavour fo ts> 
— fiae, * behave ouifelves' in purfuing the Ends of our 

* Cavenaxt, that all our. Ways and A^ont may 

* rpealc Conftancy and Zeal to preferve the happy 

* Amity and Union of both Kingdoms, and to 

* prevent every Thing, to the utmoff of our Power, 

* that may tend b> the Infringement of that Union ; 
* in fi^Santvce whereof we reft 

Taur mefl btimhU Servants ^ 


Argylb, Lothian, • 

,X.ouDON, ■ A. Hepbuiln, 

, CRAWFO.RD and D. Home, 

Lindsay, R. Fkeebairh, 

Lanerk, . . , J. ICerk. 

.Callenqer, ' 

AH vbtcb ire ' All the foitffAag LeUtrs and P^irs were oi^ 

S;^!^^^ ^'tiextA '^ be communicatj'cd -to ihe Houfc qf Conb. 

a coDbcMM. mons at a Conlirence, and^a Lrttir of Thanks to 

be written to thf Ccunmittee'of Eftatts in SatUauU 

The Reafbn of dus Conference was to deliver 
.^c foregoing Lttttrs^ i^e. to the Commons, and to 
remind them that the Lords had formerly connnu- 
ntcated to them the Kind's Litter of the i8th of 
May laft, and did defire it might ajfo ^ mtq die 
Hands c^ the £c0fj Commiffioners, according to 
the Dire^on on it :. But that they found it.>had 
Iain evcrfmceintheir'Cuftodyi therefore the IJords 
did deiirf that both of them might be communicat- 
ed to the Scoti Conunifltpners by thofe Members 
of each Houfe as were of the Committee of lx>th 
Kingdoms : Alfo that' the King's laft Warrant 
might be fent to Sir The^ioi fqirfix^ tq be for- 
w^ed by him to all the Governors fif hif Mai- 
, jefty's GarrifoDS and Forces. 

yunt ij. The Earl of Warwick acquainted the 

I^rd(> That the Commiffioneis gf the Ado^iral^ 

■ had 

r..„ ^,Gt)t)gle 

Y E N G L A N D. 461 

llad received an Account that tmi of dieir Ships An. .»s Cu. I. , 
had intercepted a Lettrr from the King to the , *^*'' ^ - 
Prince of ff^aUs, in the Ifle of Jerfy. It waa ta- "J^ 
ken from a Malbr of a Velle] going to that Plate, 
which the Lords made no Scruple to open and 
read, though it was all written and direded with 
the King's own Hand (a). 

For my Son the PRiifCE. 

Cr'HIS it rather U UU mu when I amy and that ^^ •vntttxfta 
■^ lam well, than, at this Time, it £reii ynt any Uttir from th* 
Thing; having written fully to jaitr Mtther ""^' Sl,*^ ^Jo. 
I would have yen da, whom I evmrnand you ta ehey 
in every Thing, except in Religim, cttueming which 
I am confident Jhe will never trouble yeu \ and fee 
that you go tie where without bet's or my particular 
Dire£lions. Let me hear often from ym, and fa God 
blefs you. 

Your Loving Father, 

NewcaAl^ Juot 1, 

■*+6. CHARLES R. 

P. S. If Jacic Afliburnham comes where you are, 
command him to wait upen you ai he was wont, un- 
til I /ball fend for him, if your Mother and ym 
be together ; if not, he muftwait an her. 

Along with this Letter came the King's PaTs for 
the Matter of*the VelTel, figncd by the Earl of 
Laneri, both which were ordered to be fcnt to the 
Commons and to the Scots Commiffioners ; but we 
do not find that any Ufe was made of them. 

June 23. The Scots CommilEoncrs fen( a Paper 
this Day to th<; Lords to inform them. That the 
Marquis of Jrgyle was lately anivcd from Scotland, 
and had fomewhat to communicate to both Houfes 

. . by 

(«} Thii Latir, which u coped {ram lb« Ltrdi ytunah, a 
friBted M the Kii^i IfMur bnt opt ia u? cthet CtUiBim el Ach 


462 72^ ParUamet^(gj ^ht^ky 

. 'y' . Tifnp and JVf Sii^ l« «iP!Wittc4 itt *b« Pw- 
ji»'" pflfe-. 

Or vljici M«(&S« ** Wdiordctnl, That s 
Co<H)#iu«e of tw«iity of tkeir Houfe, and a pro* 
for^oiai)U K iJimb»r <>f the Coowaons, 9ioiild pwet 
the Marquis, in the Paii/t^-C/NUl^tr, os tbc25lh 
Inft. at Two in the Afternoon, and that fuch other 
Lorda as plr»l$d tptgHt be pie&vit. 
ftotherPncwd- This Day alfo Col. Lilhime was, by Order* 
^|J ^^^ brought to the Bar of the Houfe of ^xiras ; anl be- 
' itig4iredcd tokoed tl^ereasaPtJjft^ue^itjbeRfuif^ 
ed it, After vhld^ t^e H^nfes fuffitjtdef ba rpul a 
PaapUet, £^d to be wrote by tl^ (aid i,U^fini»f vai- 
led Tie Fritt/un't Frefdam imM^t^. It Wat l4«c4 
orde^ ttiat Col. fdm (Jlji^ir^t^ Cpr bis C<)nt¥9iiit 
. to the Hpuiie, ^ being quefiion«d for two .1c9a- 
dalouc, ledidous, aiid mo^ 4»*f/K<>v» Pam^iletH 
tending to raiie Sedition, i^d tOiiubyerf ^K Fuot 
damental Laws and Government of this Kiagdpiv, 
and alfo containing (candalo^s Matter againn this 
Houfe, and Some Members of the Jan^e, fluU be 
remanded back to Netugatt j and not pemitted to 
have Pen, Ink, nor Paper, nor any Accels to him 
inany Kind, but only his Keeper, undl this Cmirt 
flidi further order ; and dat in die mean Time the 
Attomey-General and tjie King's CoitnM Ibouid 
prepare and exhtUt Articles againft him. But 

The Commons feemed as if they intended to 
take the Colonel's Part, and juftify nis A[^a^ to 
them as his moper Judges ) for fome Days after 
tilts, on the Petition of liis Wife.prcfeiKcd to that 
Houfe, in behalf of herHuIband, (then dofe Pri- 
(bner in the inlamous Prifon of titwgatty with bit 
Afpial aiiAiW his odier Papers] after two Divifions 
cm ^e Queftion> it was carried and refahtit That 
the Petltim and Paperi of LieutenanttCelonel 
yihn Lilhurnt flioidd be committed to die Com- 
mittee fiwmerly app(»nted to confider of die Pri- 
vii^s of die Commoners of EngLntd. But it it 
probable they dfogwd thb C?iife ^tecwjris, .for 
Vx, de pot meet Ynft |wy fef ppri w4r ^bPtt^it- 

2 jEbw 


/ENGLAND. 463 

Jwu 26. The Evl of-Mmebt/ltr ma^e a Re- A«^ " c«. r. 
port this Day to the Lords of whatpaffcd Ac D?y '*^ . 

before in the Painted Ghamher j where he faid the jj^pj^ 
Marquis of ArgyU delivered hifflfelf to the Com- 
mitttc of Lords and Commotu in ^K fbllowiog 
Speech I 

Mfjf Ltrdt and Genlkmaii 

* 'TpHOUGH I have had the Hopqur to be nwnpd ti- Hnqok of 

* ^ by the Kingdom of Sittlan^ ii) all the Cam- ^^^^^^^ 

* miffions which bad Relation tp this Kingdom 2 both VauCmt 

* fince the Beginning of this Wv» yet I l^ad ncv;cr 

* theHapf>inc(s tobe with yoi;r Lordlhips till now> 

* wherein I reverence Gwl*4 Providence, th?t h<t 

' hath brought me hither at fiich 911 Ofipprtiinitys 
< when I may boldly fay, it is in the Power of tpc 

* two Kingdoms, yea, I inay fay in .yOl|r X'Ord- 
( Ihips Power, to malce us ooth happy, if you 

* malce good Ufe of this Occaftoii, by (etuing of B,e- 

* ligion, and the Peace and Untofi of tbefe Kinedons* 

* The Work of Reformatio^! in thefe King^cmM i% 

* fo great a Work, as no Age Qor if iHwy can oa^ 

* rallel fince ChrUl's Days ; for no (nae Natipit 

* had ever fiich a Refonnapon Tot fotlJi unto thejn) 
*■ much lefs three Kiif^mfl: Sp th^ thi? Gmier 

* ration may truly think tht^Dfelves bwpy *f ^>fi$ 
« can be inftrumenta! in if. Aod » Ae Work, »l 

* very great, fo it cannot be e](peAo(l but it myft 

* have grc^t and powerful Envnics, not only Flefll ' 

* and Blood, which hate to be reformed, bwt Pritt-t 

* tipaUtiei and Pmifrf, fht Sukri af the Darhtejf 
' 9f ibis Wa-id^ and Spirkuai fTtcfifdntgts in A^gk 

* Places. As the Dangers are great, we muft lo|c^ 

* th« better to our Dutieq ; np^ the be0 Way t» 

* perform thefc, js to kc¥P us by the Rules wnjch 
"* ire to be fojiiid in our riatt&nal.C^atant, prinr 
' ' cipally the Word of God, and, in .its own Plap^ 

* the ExampJe of the heft Re^npcd C()urches i 

* and.imjurWay, we muft bejifafe^f feme Ro<*8» 

* which are Teir^tatioos, both vpoo tbe R^ght and 

* Lef^ Hand, fo that we inuft b6}d the m^^k 

* Pjith, Upon the one Vaxt vf fli^ula take beM 



464 ^ ParUamentary History 

A^. as Or. I. * not to lettle lawlefs Liberty in Religion, wbeFe-. 

i64«. ' * by, inftcad of Uniformity, wc {hould fct up » 

'• ■' * thoufand Herelies and Schifms, which is diredUy 

, Joae- t contrary and deftruftive to our Covenant. Upon 

*" the other Part wc an to look that we perfecute 

* not Piety and peaceable Men, who cannot, thro' 

* Scruple of Confcience, come up in all Xhings to 

* the commpn Rule ; But that they may have fuch 

* a Forbearance as may be according to tbe Word 

* of God, may confift with the Covenant, and not 
' be dcftrufUve to the Rule itfelf, nor to the Peace 

* of the Church and Kingdom; wherein I will in- 

* fift no further, either to wrong your LardQiips 

* Patience or Judgments, who, I doubt not, will 

* be very careful to do every thing according to our 

* Covenant. 

' ' As to the other Point, concerning the Peace 

* and Union of thefe Kingdoms ; I know it is that 

* which all profefs they defuse ; I hope it is what all 

* do aim at : Sure I am, it is that which> alt Men 
' * ought to ftudy ai)d endeavour. And I thfnk it 

* not amifs to remember your Lordfhips of fome 

* former Experiences, asafl Argument to move us 

* to .be wife for the future. If the Kingdom of 

* England, in the Yeai of God 1640, then fitting 

* In Parliament, had concurred, as they were de- 

* fired, againft the Kingdom of Sfdfj^W, no Quel^ 
■ tion we had been brought to ilTany Difficulties, 

* which, blefled be God, was, by the Wifdom of 

* the Honourable Houfes, prevented : So, like* 

* wife, when this Kingdom was in DifBculties, if 
' the Kingdom of SceUand had not willingly, yea 

* chearf'itly , facrificed their Peace to concur wth 

* this Kingdom, your Loidlhips all know what 

* might have been the Danger : Therefore let us 
' hold faA that Union which is fo happily eftablifh- 

* ed betwixt us ; and let nothing make us ^ain 

* two, who are fo many Ways one ; all of one 

* Laneu^e, in one Iflaod, all under one Kin^ 

* one in Rdigion, yea, one in Covenant; fo that, 

* in effefl, we diner in nothing but in Name, 

* (as Brethren do) which I wifli were alfo re- 

* moved, 

r..„ ,Gt)t)gle 

* thovod, that We might bt; jiltogcther one, if die An. >■ Cv. I, 

• two Kingdoms fh^ think fit : ' For I dare fay, ^. '^^**- ^ 

• not tht; grcac^fl Kingdom in the Earth caft pre- '"''"'■ 

• judice both, ' to liiuch fts one oF thsm it^j do the 

• other-t 

* I will forbtar at this Time tc> fpealt of the 

• many JealouficS I hear arc fuggefted,' for a§ I d<f 

* not love theiU, fo I delight not to mention themt 

■ Only one I cannot forbear to fpeak ofL as If the 

* Kingdom of Sistland vizrt too much amftcd wltit 

• the King's Intereft. I will not deny but die 

• Kingdom of Sutland, by reafon of the Reign o^ 

* many Kings, his Progenitors» over them, hatl^ 

• a natural Affeflion to his Majcfty, whereby they 

* with he may be rather reformed than ruined t 

• Yet ExpfcrieAce may tell their perfonal Regard 

* to him hath never made them forget that com-* 

• mon Rule, "the Safety ef iht Ptitl^ it the fupremi 

* Letw: So UteWlfe their I,oVe to Monarchy makes 
■them Very defiroua that it may be rather regu- ; 

• la^ed thart deftroyed j which Ih<Jpe I need fiott^ 

* mention further to your LoidOtipS) #hoj 1 tritft, 
' are of the fame' Mind. ' , 

* I know likewife there are mahy Jealoufies ia^ 
< Urtjuft AfperfiOns caft upon the *5flrfi Armies iji 

- * England ind Ireland: I can, if It were needAiu 
■• ptefently produce Heads 6f a Declaration intcntf 

• cd by the Army in England for vindicating them- 

* felres'frottifuch Injuries, and fllewing the Clear' 
'• nefi of their' Refolutions and Integrity, both ijt 

* the Caufe and (owardB thia iCingdom ; whereifi 
"^ their Undertakings 4Dd Coming-in at fuch a Sea- 

* fon of theVeaV, th^ir hard Sufferings and cOn- 

* ftiint Endeavour^ fincc, may be fumcient Tdti- 

■ monies :' Therefore I am the more bold todtSire 
' your LbrdQiips,' That fo long as tbey ftay in 
*. England, which I wifh may befqr a (bort Time, 

* they may' be fupplied with Tome Monies, and 
' * their Ql'31'ters enlarged } left their lying in too 

* narrow Quarters make the Burthen iiifupportable 

• to that fixhaufted Corner of the Country where 

• they now remain, and fo beget Outcries againft ' 

■ Vol. XIV. G g ' them, 

i..., ^,Gt)t)glc 

466 7& Parliameraary Hi«Tx>Rr 

a. ■* c«r. L • them, when theyare not enabled to dilcharge tbeic 

'^*^' , * Quarters,*'aB other Armies within the Kingdom. 
j^[' '' As for the Anny in Inland j I have been an 

* Eye-Witnefs to their Suffering, and fa may 

* fpeak of it IJlccwife upon certain Knowledge^ that 

* never Men have.fuffered greater Hardfiiips, whs 

* might have been provided for; they have 'lived 
. many Times upon a few Beans, iiieafured out ta 

* them by Number, and never had any other Drink 
' * but 'Vt'ater ; and when they were in (pme better 

* Condition, they had but an Jrijh Peck of rough 

* Oats for a whoIe'Weck ; and now, at their beft 
f Condition,^ when they are quartered upon the 
f Country (which is able to entertain them only 

* for a very fliort Time) they have only an Iript 
< Peck of Oatmeal, or a Shilling in ten Days both 

* for Meat and Drink. Therefore, accoraing to 
f the many Defires given in to the HonouraU* 

* Houfci for that End, I humbly intreat that youc 
' Lordfhips mil take Care to provide for them, fo 

* long as it is thought fit that they remain in duK 

' For a renewed Teftimony of our eameft De- 

* fires to comply with the Honourable Houfes ibf 

* fettling the Peace of thele Kingdoms, fo much 

* longed for, we do return unto your Lordfliips ' 

* die PrBpaJkitm of Piaet (which we received on 

* Tuefdt^ aSt) with our Confent thereunto, wifh- 

* ing they may be hailed to his Majefty, who hatb 

* fo often called for them. And I likcwife ofier to 

* your Lordfliips the Copy of his Majefty's Letter 

* to my Lord of Ormond, difcharging him from any 

* further meddling in any Treaty with the RebeU 
/ iR'Iriland(a)y I hope in order to his Majefty's 
,* fiirthcr condefcending to the fettling of that Prt- 

, * pofitioa concerning Ireland, and the left of the 

'' Prnpefkimi now to be fent unto him. 

* Another Pfl^ th^e is, which concerns^the 
, * fupplying of the Sttti Armies in EnglatU and Irt- 
. * hmd, and the perfecting of the Accounts between 
^* the Ktngdomi, together with a Letter from Gc- 
* neral" 
,: ... W See before, p. 4«. 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 


ef E N G L A N D. 487 

* neral-Major Monrot^ to the Committee of Eftites Aa. ■■ Cir. : 

* of the Kingdom of SratlanJ, concerning the Stxte , 

* of Afbiis in IrelaHtL All which, when your Lord- 
' fliipe have confidered, I truft ye will take fuch 

* Courfe therein as may fatiafy our juft Defuvs, 

* may put an End to our pment Troubles, and 

* fettle thefe Kingdoms in a happy Peace.* 

Tie Paper wherein the (kmmffunert for the King- 
dom of Scotland ttnjent ts the Propofttiona i/ 

Junei^y 164.6. 

* 1 T is above a Twelvemonth fithencc we did The Sceti Cdn- 

* 1 earneftly prefs the fending of Prtpejkiom ro mifBootn AUcot 

* the King^for a fafc and well-grounded Peace, In '? the Pwpofi- 

* Anfwer whereunto, the Honourable Houfes were **' 
' pleafed to acquaint us, That they had rcfolvod 

» Prapofitiont flhould be fent to his Majefiy, but 
, * did intend to make fome Alterations in the for- 

* mer Praptfaimii and, after eight or nine Montha 

* Deliberation, we received from the Honourable 

* Houfes fome of thofe Proptfaions : And though 

* we did find therein very material Additions, Al-' 

* terations, and OmilEons, which, for their great 
. * Importance, and the Intereft of the Kingdom of 

* Satland therein, might very well have required. 

* the Delay of an Atiftuer until the Eftabes of (hat 

* Kingdom had been confulted ; yet fo unwilling 

* were we to retard the Meant of Peact, that, in 

* a Fortnight's Time, we returned an Anfwer upon 
■ the whole Prepajbims : And the Houms of Par- 
' liament not reuing fatished therewith, in lefs than 

* ten Days we prepared a further Anfwer; where- 

* in we aid very much comply with tHc Defires of 

* the Honourable Houfes, cfpecially in the Matter 

* of the fettling of the Militia of England ■uiA Ire- 

* land; and in other Things did (hew our Readi- 

* nefs to hear or propofe fuch Expedients as might 

* determine our Differences ; So that, in a whole 
» Year's Time, the Propo/tlioni have not remained 

* in our Hands the Space of four Weeks, which 

* we only mention to clear our Proceedings from 

G g 2 * Miftake« 


4(58 'the Pariiamentary History 

An- ,M Car. I. ' Miftakes and Afperfions : And the Houres hay- 

■ '^^' * ing'now, after twoMonths farther Deliberation^ 

.^ ' delivered unto us, upon the ajd Of this Infhint 

* June, all the PrafofitiotiT they intend to fend to 

* the King at this Time, we dtt, without any De- 

■ lay,'ryurn fuch an Anfwer and Refoluttoh there- 

* upon, as will be, to the prefent and future Genc- 
' rations, one undeniable Tejlimony, befides ina- 

* ny others, of the Integrity and Faithfiibiefs of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland in their Solemn Ltagut amd 

* Covenant, of their Love to Peace, and eameft 

* Defire to fatisfy their Brethren of England in 

* thofe Things which concern the Good and Go- 
' vernment of this Kingdom: Being further refolv- 
*-ed; touching the Kingdom of Scotland, That as 

' * nothing of fmgle or fole Concernment to that 

* Nation did engage thefti in this War, fo nothinjg 

* of that Nature fliall continue the fame. 

^ Although thefe PropoJttUm now to befcnt do 

* much differ from the Pripofalons formerly agreed 
' uponby the Parliaments of both Kingdoms; arid 

* the moil material Additions, Omifftons, and Al- 

* tetations, are in fitch Particulars as concern the 
^> ■• joimlhtereft and rndtual Confidence and Con-, 

* juniSion of both Kingdoms, which were, is we 

* conceive, niucfi better provided for and flrengtti- 
« erled by the {oYmit' Prapofuions than by tiiefe j 
•"although the particular Propofnhm, prefcnitd 6y 

* Ms concerning the Kingdom of Scotlcnd, are not 
' yet agre'od uiito by the Houfcs-of Parliament, *as 

* ft'is offered in th.t\fPeper of the joth of Afrtl; 

* although divers i*rfl/rf/?(««i of joint Conccrnioe'nt 
_ • be now Jjjperleded, and the fending of thetri de- 

* layed to a more Convenient Time, as is expref- 
« fed in the Votii of both Houfes of the 26th of 

* Aiirch; and although (which is to uS moreth^n 

* air the 'reft) thofe Orrf/w»!«i of Parliamflit, unto 
;■* which the _^i snd Jixfb Propofitions Ao jAMt^ 

V .* (and "Were therefore ccfnipunicated unto ijs'upon 

'our Defire to fee what th6 Houfes had alfcady 

* agreed upon concerning Relision) do not contain 

■ the EQabliftirtientof fuch a RcformaCibh' of Rc- 

■ ■ * ligion 

r..„ ^,Gt)tH^lc 

y E N G L A N D. 46^ 

*- Itgton and Unifermitr aa was exposed, and wuAa. n, cir. f. 

* the chief End of our Kng^emeat in thii Wat. 'H*- 

' Aad as all thcfe Ordvianees ^t tt^ether come ^""h^r"*"^ 
*- fhort of what wc wilfaed} ib there are fame Parei- ' 

* cukn which we conccire to be inconiifteiit with 
' ths Word of God, and the Examfde of the beft 

* Rcforoxd Churches j and therefore canoot, in 

* our Confciences, confent unto them^ whkb Par- 
'- ticubra were exprefTed to both Houfes in the R4- 

* mo>0rance of the Commiffioacn of the Church 
*. of Sailmd, of the Date A£irch 261 164.6- Yet, 
' nevcrthdeft, we do fo earnefUy defire^ and' (o 
' highly value, the ealing of the heavy PrtSattea an-' 

* 6ek ishich both Kingdmns groan, and tho brjng- 
' iag of. this bloody laftjog War to a fpecdy and 

* hapt^ £a4 ; confulcring withal that not only 
'' the BooJl o£ Common Prayer and the Prelatical 

* Government are abolilhed, and a Common Di- 
^ icdory of Worfhip eftabliifaed in both Kir^^ 

* doms, but that likewife the. Ordinandi aforemen* ■ 
^ tiooed do contain divers Parts of a poTitive Re- 

^ formation and Uniformity io Chuich-Govem- 
y jotat, unto which we formerly gave our